tv Doc Film - Astro- Tourism - Feeling the Universe Deutsche Welle August 13, 2018 11:15am-12:01pm CEST
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tourism in the twenty first century looks to the stars. looking for experiences and astronomy is a new experience not available to them previously they knew. like never seemed that they tell you all the sights and on some of the stars. spain is one of the best destinations in the world to enjoy astronomy it's a trend on the rise. this is more mastro tourism is giving value to the attraction of the night sky. scientific institutions businesses and tourist establishment are backing this new trend. making fifteen years ago astro tours and sounded like times fiction didn't
it who would come from abroad just to look at styles i mean i definitely. remember that more than thirty thousand jam in astronomy. have to go abroad to practice their hobby that's with us here in. gaza this intelligent tourism offers unique experiences to travelers from all over the world to discover in the southwest of europe. i don't know who that is spending the night looking through a telescope or even with the naked eye to see things they've never seen before is an experience they'll remember for the rest of their lives of others and. drugs would hire a earth. in
the canary islands the universe seems to feel closer to long with other locations in southwestern europe the spanish archipelago is an ideal location for observing the sky. and these levity in the iberian peninsula and the canary islands should actually be considered as a nature reserve for practicing astronomy in europe but i think that less than a. there geographic setting with the mountains and climate make these islands a kind of window on the cosmos where many nations would like to carry out groundbreaking research. than it was to this book is that we have telescopes from a great many countries especially at the observatory about the rocketeer laws which are shows on the palm island and this is where you'll find the best set of
telescopes in the northern hemisphere there if not in the whole world is going to the moon. astronomy arguably the first science cultivated by humans is in some danger light pollution from cities obscures the stars. and if you go astronomers and astrophysicists were the first to identify the danger of losing the night sky society wasn't aware of the importance of preserving that sky people thought astronomers were the only ones interested for scientific or personal reasons but the nine is the most he says is the end though i feel we may be witnessing the end of dark nights. in the cities are excessively illuminated where you both are not. the observatory is about to move farther and farther away
to increasingly remote settings. with the mother models. since the one nine hundred eighty s. international experts have warned of the consequences of the light pollution it contributes to climate change modifies the behavior of certain animals and affects people's health. so i don't want i want that but already we've evolved with these cycles between day and night and we know our internal clock our security in rhythm is disrupted what people have well is that you know what i would have been otherwise i think. the u.s. based international dark sky association has been devoted to protecting dark skies since one nine hundred eighty eight it is just one of the organizations working to preserve these spaces. in europe the canary islands have played a decisive role the starlight foundation founded by the canary islands institute of
astrophysics has been active since two thousand and seven. reviews the right medical work with the building the astrophysics institute is committed to conserving the skies. not only for use by scientists you know but also as part of humanity's intangible heritage. for the enjoyment of the general public who pay their respects. scientists and nonprofessional astronomers from various nations work together with this organization the objectives are to fall to preserve dark skies and promote astronomy.
to do so they consider tourism a way of spreading knowledge with the support of the international astronomy association unesco and the world tourism organization this foundation certifies the quality of the sky. it here is covered in this one of the sums guys look beautiful what's that about you but it's not guaranteed they'll stay that wife is the light and the starlight certifications ensure that there are regulations that will keep the skies so dark that people can enjoy the skies. the canary islands is the birthplace of european astro tourism other regions in the south of spain with significant attractions for visitors and a good infrastructure have added astronomy to their offerings.
and after the war in the skies are clear day and night in one delusion or ideal for astro tourism when the sun shines tourists can enjoy the weather the beach bars and the hotels so why not grab a telescope at night and take advantage of the sky and or feel of a dilemma. i would find that. many people are interested in a different type of tourism this is no longer enough just to go and look at places they want to go deeper and have a real experience because there are tours to travel just to practice astronomy the rest of the trip is extra as if. the iberian peninsula offers the best conditions for observation. in addition to its geographic location and climate with a large number of clear nights throughout the year it is sparsely populated in many regions on the one in the world in central and northern europe the settled areas are quite scattered about there are lots of homes and small residential areas
between the cities where the and the cities are compact and then there are a lot of unpopulated rural areas between them that means we have a super dark skies and visitors to spain are looking for these very very clear skies that have been lost in their own countries. spain's privilege situation did not go unnoticed by the great powers of the twentieth century who built their astronomical complexes here. these antennas played a central role in the moon landing nasa set them up in robledo d.h. of ala in the early one nine hundred sixty s. they're part of the u.s. agency satellite monitoring and space projects complex. in the one nine hundred seventy s. domes changed the landscape of sierra de los fill operation in el maria in
southeastern spain at over two thousand meters altitude continental europe and largest observatory was built here the german spanish astronomical center at color alto. helming came to spain in the one nine hundred seventy s. today he is one of the few german engineers who work here he knows the center's history very well. and it's just you know yeah i'm hot in the one nine hundred sixty s. germany was interested in investing more in astronomy which is why i looked for a location for a new astronomical center with the little they looked in the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere and in the northern hemisphere they looked in france italy greece and spain the word from the best place was here in the south of spain in al mariya that you didn't find in other media is funny and. one line
of research at the center is devoted to creating innovative instruments and example is carmen s. prime minister for a reactive terminus was an idea that arose at a scientific meeting in two thousand and eight where eleven international institutions agreed to create a device that could do what had never been possible in science before detect planets outside our solar system which my girth could potentially support life with i would argue that what on earth is the model of. color alto is also exceptionally productive it's the european center that generates the highest number of scientific publications that's things to on a get hot all and her colleagues. from this room she monitors the telescopes in the center during the night they become the eyes of scientists all over the world.
will be left turn off some astronomers come here themselves or we follow their detailed instructions and carry out the research for them they tell us what to observe how long which filter which entrance lit what spectrum and so on but the thing they ask and we have serve at the end of the night we send them the data and then at their various research centers they examine the data and decide if we need to make changes or continue as is this is what it will get to the time off in the. at the control center we meet on a pasquali this italian astronomer has traveled from heidelberg university to supervise her observation hours tonight. let me read chad guy my research focuses on the formation of galaxies and tad they change over time to get us to come and see what i'm doing now. studying these
galaxies which we call of central galaxies that have the possibility of growing and merging with other galaxies are. increasing then less on dimension over time we need the zero mean to the mass of the main sewer nicci at that time they pull it up with the fundamental that. p.m.s. any is essential for this this is the only way we can understand how stars aborning galaxies at different stages of development in the universe see if they move that saw. the firmament is observed by brilliant scientists but also by thousands of amateur astronomers their contribution cannot be underestimated the performer that we professionals must form closer ties with amateur astronomers first because i'm convinced that they will
contribute to the future of professional astronomy and second because a lot of science can be done with equipment that they already have. as a boy one to wisconsin his car bio dreamed of becoming an astronomer and yet his professional life took him down other roads so instead for almost thirty years he has spent all his free time on astronomy. as amateurs we can work intensively with professional astronomers it's very exciting because instead of storing our work on our own computers we added to databases that others can use. he is prolific he publishes books writes for scientific journals and does research with international groups in recent years he helped discover a supernova with an italian team. that's a bit of a supernova is the most cataclysmic phenomenon in the universe since the big bang
seeing it live being part of the co discovery of a supernova justifies all those hours all the time devoted to it although that's not the only reason to do it you do it because it's fun you enjoy it and the data you gather night after night can be useful for other people like a hotel or to put it into the person that's how he cultivates his hobby he spends hours and hours interpret ing data the times he used to sit outside and gaze into the night sky are long past. when you observe from a fixed spots like your house you have to have an observatory in place to avoid always setting it up and taking it down which is tedious. nowadays nonprofessional astronomers who are more serious about this can have equipment set up in a remote observatory and then they can work from home you know full well. amateur astronomers from other countries also choose to come to the iberian
peninsula the one hundred and you have travelled from germany to fragonard della sierra in the foothills of sierra madre now they've come with a clear objective we will set up our new telescope and where world test. automatic. breaking of only for so long before the craft there is one of the last telescopes set up here for hosting a special way of renting a private observatory they chose this location after analyzing other destinations on other continents. this is the best place for installing a robot telescope because it's very dark here with the first point of the other part is a very good scene here and you can reach but very fast especially from germany you just have to fly to. here very short so it's.
a sound interrupts the interview the dome on the neighboring observatory starts moving the sun is setting and the building owner of this telescope wants to check today's sky conditions from the heart of europe he directs operations by remote control as he watches us through his camera in a few weeks these astronomers will be able to do the same thing from their homes in munich of the generally we're making pictures of galaxies sometimes planetary nebula we are not really doing scientific stuff fly and measure man saw a light for supernova something like that that's only if we're not scientists in that way we're just doing our spare time. you know amateur astronomers and just biking pretty pictures as you can see if we also have a look at the stars here to see because the charming is not possible anymore it's
a lot for losing is too strong so we're going here to do. in germany alone there are thirty thousand amateur astronomers who have to travel outside their country to be able to enjoy their hobby the same thing happens in other countries some of these aficionados have come to this astronomical complex community people come here for the comet and this gun is mainly from northern europe we've got people from various nations from russia and great britain france and belgium the u.s. company in america came here to build a telescope with us i mean we're going to search the moon telescope you. the initial forecasts were soon surpassed and a business was born with a certain grow mantic touch any of us that are not going to learn some years ago an extra model and we realized the sky was of incredible quality we would come with a telescope to look at the stars and it was great we invited friends and since jose luis had good connections in the astronomy scene he knew there was big demand for
places to put up telescopes so that we thought maybe that was a good way to indulge our passion for astronomy and run a business at the same time it and i don't want to. the hosting service has given them international prestige among astronomers the complex also offers accommodation and workshops. at night for the leading lights make their interests. between the gnarled folks in the broad landscape the stars appear in dazzling brilliance. is then thought of them over the map in this area you can see about two thousand stars compared with the city where you can see only thirty or forty maybe fifty stars maximum yet. to learn more about stars we
attend an astronomy session. the same luis can younus the soul of this project place the stars within the context of the universe. oh is that was me that is everything we're seeing here is expanding the universe is huge it's fourteen billion years old and still expanding is we live in a large super city in the milky way with over four hundred billion stars oh my that but that doesn't mean you're good at this day yes. the numbers are astonishing the explanations show how important astronomy has always been for humans. own is the thought what if i'm going to be all our grandparents knew and identify the stars speak of the brightest star in the constellation virgo that means we spike and then when it appeared in the east they knew it was time to sew or harvest astronomy was essential for daily life even if but today and our mental pollution
and all our technology have completely disconnected us and for that they could point at the temple. the stars have gone out in the eyes of many peace. who live in the developed world. this is what the planet looks like at night artificial light illuminates large surfaces of the northern hemisphere. carol is the largest dam in western europe the waters of the glory on a river serve as the boundary between spain and portugal the portuguese were the pioneers in promoting astro tourism.
the idea arose in two thousand and eight as part of creating a sustainable program for the ok region to offer something unique in terms of nature and resources for tourism we thought of something no one had considered before the sky. with. the cattle sale. it's now a starlight tourist destination certified by the starlight foundation in two thousand and eleven we were the first destination in the world to obtain the certification. since then ok the has become a must visit destination for astro truism visitors fall into two groups. just on some of those so essentially there's the amateur astronomers who love observing the sky and then there's a large increase in families many children hear about the night sky at school but they can't see the constellations in the cities where they live. so they come here with their parents to experience the dark skies together. even the show that's not
. this megalithic monument the cromlech of chess was moved near months of us when the dam was built it's the setting for summer star parties and with festivals the often the only. way that it's a party for the whole family the activities are suitable for both children and adults you can observe the sun there's a workshop for adults and children about the solar system and right now we've got a yoga session here behind us that. the presence of hundreds of people lends a special symbolism to this place amid five thousand year old stones it's a unique place to connect with the universe. night falls. and sheltered by the convent double router it's time to learn more about astronomy. we go claro the official astro photographer here shares his
interest in the science of astronomy from a different perspective photographing space are standing firmly on the earth. we want space to be more than just the telescope photographs disseminated by nasa and the european southern observatory. which. when people look at these images they can't identify with them because they have no point of reference to know where they are. we want them to be able to connect to the sky and the earth and find relevance in a strong. then there is the richness of the landscape. with a crumb there and other elements of what it has to offer. it's very important to
relay this message to promote ourselves. i mean you go. to give the flu the season was fossil and. at midnight it's time to contemplate the firmament some with the help of more or less advanced technology and many with the naked eye today with the new moon the universe looks blended. the milky way passes overhead. it's easy to identify constellations like the big dipper c.v.s. or cassiopeia. and stars that shine with their own names such as vega or deena. the sky here affords excellent visibility and average of two hundred eighty six
nights a year. the degree of darkness in the three thousand square kilometer region ranges from twenty one point two to twenty one point eight that's the equivalent of rural skies to true dark sky site. and those dark skies attract thousands of people interested in astronomy. some areas offer multiple activities while others are specialized this is the case of a teenager astronomy center in the province of via dali eat the only center in the world to be considered a star park. i care if i was the best or the us we didn't do astrophysics here but that is done at la palma in the canary islands and more professional observatories but we do receive school visits in the winter months with them we get tourist
families and what we do is open up a little window of knowledge about the sky to them so they learn a bit more about what is up there in the sky they can look through telescopes over the naked eye those of us of course. after decades of experience publicizing information about astronomy young tales knows very well that this discipline requires scientific knowledge and something more. basic it is the rule out of trouble to talk about science you need a romantic view of the money was there and you have. i got it thus we want people that are reading lovely concepts in astronomy just like that we come from the stars for example everything that exists that has substance comes from the stars with scientific concepts which are a bit inaccessible to many people it is important to present them with that sort of enticement as you share information. night phones
everyone takes their position. the roof of the astronomy center slowly opens like a curtain at a theater and the star show peak in which. the muslim freedom of the rock constellations in the night sky that can be seen with the naked eye of people really like discovering such a terrace and scorpio and the stories that go with the constellations. for example have a good look at the sea feel is king of ethiopia who married cassiopeia. so that's greek mythology area it's a lovely way for people to understand and know more about the sky. they're going to tell me. for years the extremadura center for advanced technologies has been making films for planetary up. some are shown at the trujillo planetarium and others are distributed in spain and latin america.
more than one hundred twenty thousand people have seen exploring the solar system a fascinating journey from the sun to mars. plate but it's the end of the rituals a series of scenarios that had never been seen before or. they're both you know that when they clash. with scientific advisors from the canary islands institute of astrophysics this film enables viewers to see and understand the dawn of a comet or an asteroid collision el mundo an eel or the ringworld is another of their films now that attempts are being made to find intelligent life on other planets this production aims to explain what such a place might be like. making
astronomy attractive and establishing it as a tourist activity are matters that concern the entire sector. the hotel parador of credos in the province of ave la is hosting a course for astro tourism guides. everyone is committed to defending the dark sky regardless of participants profiles or backgrounds. rango the truth of i'm from toulouse in france i decided to take this course because i want to add it to my fifteen years of experience inter ism especially an eco tourism. thing. and it worries more in spain it is more developed than in france that we have techniques that could be developed but i know i'm going to be one of the first to import this knowledge about astro tourism into france. but he made oath in part that is they could not see me and i thought where is my financing
. professionals from the most renowned places also come here to specialize they all see astro two or ism as an opportunity. there are three more going to the canary islands are considered the world leader in astro tourism matters and the truth is we're very lucky in the canary islands especially those of us born there we can't let this opportunity pass at the top of the year or even for the experts practice makes perfect. though for the there are two courses that differ only in the number of class hours it's very intensive because we go for twelve hours a day so we have time to cover everything. we spend the whole day in class and at night we do astronomy practice sessions but we're all very excited about it i mean . at midday the garden turns into an observatory it's time to observe and learn about our star the sun. at us on the up with these
are the first solo telescopes that existed and the difference with this one is that it has a much higher resolution and this one has a point five armstrong filter which gives you lots more detail. about how much of. all the telescopes are pointed at the sun. tourism professionals have a clear goal in mind. they don't as i do think linus might be more king for over twenty five years explaining the natural environment in the sierra what in madrid it was we were doing night activities and started getting more and more interest in this guy so we started learning more about it and this is the best opportunity to continue learning. astrophotography is also popular and tonio company us is one of the first astro photographers in spain. this is the high point in amateur astronomy. you go from visual astronomy to
looking through a telescope and end up doing for congress. that possibly work leads you to do it is wanting to see more because observation through a telescope is very limited and we need. the scientific content complements the to restrict content palko sanchez is the so-called father of the movement he was the first to bring astro to risen to the area. my wife and i built a hotel here in the sierra of great oss in one thousand nine hundred four we are pioneers of what is called small hotels with charm and. sympathy the thief in the west i've always been an amateur astronomer then when i built the hotel one of the things i also did was set up a telescope in the hotel garden. the guests would come up and ask me can we have a look and so i explained what they were seeing in the sky. we built an extension
and i built a dome on the roof a more professional observatory looking in the hotel guests will come up with me and i told them all about astronomy. and at one point i realized it was true that we are very privileged in the sky we have here in this area you look at. the phone or. nature. livestock the mountains and hunting with the attractions the sierra credos was known for then . sanchez dared to innovate. now it's the dark sky that draws tourists. the demand was surprising. really the people who came here and asked why here this is a very good place to see stars who can show them to me. you know now we realized there was nobody who could do it i was the only one here because i had my
observatory and my telescope. once the potential was recognised professional training picked up. el milano grey out was the first astronomical hotel in mainland spain astra tourism is already showing profits more in line with that than that over half the nights of a year we've got guests who come to observe the stars yeah what's more everyone leaves happy everyone says it's fantastic i've got to come back again i'm going to start reading about this stuff because it's really fascinating that isn't this. the have a lumber a astrophysical observateur is the most recent professional observatory built in western europe. here in the province of terrell they are working on an ambitious international project making a three dimensional detailed map of the cosmos. several
kilometers away the same promoter the outer gone center for studies of the physics of the cosmos has built galactica a center for publicizing and practicing astronomy. this project designed exclusively to cater to astral tourism expects to receive twenty four thousand visitors a year. other sites offer more they open up the interior of their professional observatories to visitors in our maria the friends association of color alto defends that view this organization was created in twenty thirteen during tough economic times you know if this if it more it would be after germany and spain signed the agreement for the observatory that they were dressed the cuts in budget with. initially there was talk that the observatory might disappear that it might close. here. who. at first few people could
imagine what the white domes and special sky conditions of colorado were good for scientific tourism is now an important asset. to justice progress to the regional groups it was that he was on a story we've held three of these asteroid tourism meetings in recent years is mourners not to try to open up the market in this area because there wasn't much to offer was against the war because we realized that when people came up the colorado and set up amateur telescopes at night they were stunned they had no idea of the quality of the sky they had. you know who the german spanish astronomical center in collaboration with the astro tourism company as a moot has started to offer an exclusive astronomical experience it allows visitors
to feel they are an astronomer for a night i thought it had a present there is no professional observatory in europe where a person can look through a telescope more than a meter in diameter with an eyepiece this activity is exclusive to car our total if it's offered nowhere else in the world. and anyone who does it will have an experience that they'll remember for the rest of their life by. whatever other the things we're. once a month this telescope which is one point twenty three meters in diameter is available for scientific tourism activity. if that is the name we have the ability to remove the scientific operators from the telescope and replace it with an eyepiece. that it will then our visitors can personally observe the marvels of the sky the last seen from here in colorado.
our main activity is research for science so the number of nights we can devote to this activity is certainly limited but it's something we're committed to. we're going to keep it going and there are circumstances a lot will expand and enhance it. in the evening the experience begins. i want to see what you see through a telescope with a vast range of lenses you have i've heard the resolution is so high you can see the moons of your anus that's what i want to see. the special guests are invited into the scientists work spaces. we think they scientifically is more appropriate for people who have already had some previous experience with telescopes. because if you have never looked through a telescope before and looked through their spawn for the first time you'll never want to look through any other want to know if i could meet up with them a lot. as darkness falls the dome opens.
in one thousand nine hundred seventy five this telescope manufactured in germany was the first telescope to go operational about color on the till. tonight is one of the ten thousand nights it has been used to observe the firmament . it has two purposes the scientific one which is usually operated from the control room in colorado or by remote control from granada and germany. and the second one for astro tourism activities. on those occasions it's operated from the control desk. for the session leader adjusting the eyepiece is not always easy the eyepiece has to be at an accessible height and depending on which celestial body the telescope
is aimed at that can be difficult movable platform helps. as some people take turns looking through the telescope others enjoy the spectacle offered by the sky as seen with the naked eye. for two hours observations are made from the planets in our solar system on out into deep space. that i'm on at. the at the office and i know i've been an amateur astronomer since i was fifteen or sixteen but the reflector all refracted telescopes i've use do not have the resolution this one has today i've seen a planetary nebula is and that is far from what your average amateur astronomer can aspire to see the bits they want to get out of a unique extraordinary experience it's really
a privilege to be here. because of my encourage everyone to come and see what kind of work they do here and what astronomy has to offer of all the top level science being done in their use of it the best since that if you're into. the universe has existed far longer than we humans have and it will continue long after we disappear. many people don't give that a second thought still an increasing number are looking for a connection to something greater something that makes their own existence seem so small and yet at the same time makes them feel part of an immense vastness. it's enough to just look up this is our legacy. our infinite legacy.
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