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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  August 21, 2018 6:02am-6:31am CEST

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acts cloaked by countless clergy cover ups today pope francis made it clear in a letter to catholics around the world that the sins of the past are unresolved crimes of the present so what about justice or tonight a reply from victims and survivors to the pontiff stop wielding the power of the pen start using the power of the pope i'm bringing off in berlin this is the day. to pull has listened to many victims over the years and this is clearly shaped this letter now who's trying to redefine the papacy is something that's actually going to listen to survivors and do something different but francis says greater accountability is needed virtually not only for those who committed these crimes but also for those who cover them up which in many cases means bishops the idea that sort of he can bring about the end of child sexual abuse for example even
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within the terms of where does he get this from it's significant that the pope calls abuse a crime and not just to see in his two thousand words it's just too much to really have started with the main account and. also coming up tonight a great sit sort of those three years and that sixty two billion euro bailout for greece are over but the pain remain. static still to continue affecting the population and if that's the case then so bit of a catch twenty two situation. or we begin the day with that letter from pope francis the pontiff sent a letter to all members of the catholic church to address the growing list of child abuse claims against priests of the pope's hand appearing to be forced after last week's unprecedented report from the u.s. state of pennsylvania. an investigation alleging some three hundred priests
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molested and raped at least a thousand boys and girls while pope francis has made clear his condemnation of the sins and crimes he has left uncertain how or if he plans to use his authority to bring to justice those accused who are still serving in the clergy in his letter today the pope said that the church must acknowledge its past sins and mistakes and he admitted the pain of the abuse survivors was long ignored kept quiet or silenced by the church and he promised that no effort would be spared to prevent abuse and its cover up again no mention of same shinee the clergy found to be guilty. are for more of this now i'm joined by martin jacques he's our we lived in a religious affairs correspondent martin school to have you back at the big table i want to share with our viewers a tweet posted today by marie collins as she was
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a member of the vatican's commission to protect minors she resigned last year in protest for a lack of progress and she tweeted this statements from the vatican of the pope should stop telling us how terrible abuse is and how almost be held accountable tell us instead what you are going and what are you doing to hold them accountable . that is what we want to hear working on it is not an acceptable explanation for decades of delay. well that is exactly what was not in that letter perfectly understandable indeed that was not in the letter i mean it's been sixteen years since of hers so it was uncovered in two thousand and two so early in the working on it for a very very long time and in the decade that elapsed there were corps cases of abuse itself so at this stage i mean i think that the vatican really has no more maneuvering space i mean there is really
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a question which is now pretty much widespread and we're hearing it a sour it's a lapse in this letter sort of his making the rounds from every corner which is what specifically are the policy positions that the vatican will take and what are the protocols that will help to bring abusers to justice and people involved in a conspiracy to cover these things up to justice this is really the one and only question the pope is going to visit ireland later this week obviously the visit is going to be overshadowed by what we're seeing right now. do you expect the pope to use this as an opportunity to cinda seen or to make a statement about these policies you know positions that you were mentioning politically this is this is a pope that has been very effective sort of surprising us pretty much at every turn with almost every issue that has been put on the table in front of him so it's not you know it's not unthinkable that given the situation given what has happened
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pennsylvania somebody has called this two thousand and two on steroids i mean missing the magnitude of the that you say sions it's not completely unthinkable that the pope will not actually put on the table precisely some sort of polices solution however it must be said that as of right now nothing actually has been said and the other problem is said there are very very powerful forces within the church that remain either mentally opposed to the church essentially having to. having to make itself accountable to you know terror in allah to rain on justice so you know what happens then when you got to kings like that i mean if you look at all the polls that have been conducted in the last week you've got confidence you've got faith in the catholic church is an institution plummeting so what can the pope do now i mean is it up to the pope himself to save the institution from the people inside it i think that there is there is there are two things to be said
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the first one is not just the people inside it so i mean you have the berm of clerical east some of this is the middle management and the management of the church at different levels and these people some of them have to be saved from accusations that do not respond to them but some of them clearly should be for what they have done but the church is much broader than that it has a lot of people that actually are the pendant on it so i think that it's very clear what he thought that the pope can actually do and that he's bring justice into the game bring national justice systems into the game this is something that would actually make the process much more transparent about sanctioning bishops though i mean the pope is the only one who has the authority to do that certainly but then the question would be what kind of sanctions would we be talking about i mean for the civil society at bishop that loses his job or somebody that is too fast and too benton's is quite simply not enough and certainly not for the kind of crazy crimes that we're talking about and so i think that the issue here is that you know there is a very clear thing ahead and that is really bringing and for meeting crimes to be
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a judge adjudicated by national justice system to where that will have been i mean that's a big question because you're asking is the pope going to work with. these structures in every country where justice is in force in walls are enforced and stop thinking of the church as something that is outside extra judicial do you think that type of sea change is in the works and i think it. it could really produce a severe sea sure would in within the church i mean you really could see a break up of waters in ways that we have not seen before because the very conservative very conservative forces still take it that the business of the church has to be judged inside theirs. for that period and i think that that would not only represent a major political change it would also represent a major theological shift this pope has been accused of really you know
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revolutionary theological positions and i think that this would just add to that you know when you get a religious affairs correspondent as always martin fascinating talking with you thank you leisure. or greece has today emerged from the last of its three bailout programs athens is no longer dependent on aid from the european union european central bank and the international monetary fund the loans amounted to two hundred sixty billion euro. finally no more aid packages and no more funding requirements but the last eight years have been tough for greece and brought drastic cost cutting measures many greeks lost their jobs and their homes income has fallen by a third on average the taxes however remained high for most people it will be a long time before the situation improves and some people don't even believe it's possible like this silversmith but it's something i am personally for me in the
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coming years i don't see any hope everything looks bleak to me. because he sees the middle of the greek crisis brought down me and thousands of people in my position women weren't interested in buying our clothes anymore and as a result my manufacturing company closed we started this combined cafeteria and many market he hopes he'll soon gain a foothold again many people in greece are trying to fight their way through. it because like i pin my hopes on something better even if we've left the bailout program i believe me greeks will be paying for years to come but we all hope for something better hope dies last. and the government knows there's still plenty to do even with all the loans paid off. does that make more needs to be john starting with the tax system which isn't business friendly right now the justice system must deliver decisions faster that will have a direct influence on attracting investment on the whole thing should become more
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european the state should provide key services greece still has a huge mountain of debt to the tune of three hundred fifty billion euros they'll be dealing with that for a long time to come. oh in his response to greece's bailout exit european commissioner for economic affairs here will give each stress the country's reforms laid the foundations for a sustainable recovery and w.'s brussels bureau chief max hoffman caught up with. commissioner now the commission says this is a new chapter for greece but it seems like for regular people in greece it's more of the same high unemployment high taxes bad pensions would you agree no i don't think that we are really opening a new chapter that the situation in greece has already improved a lot including unemployment which has diminished from twenty seven percent to less than twenty percent i know that these still high much too high but i think that now
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the. structures that we have built in greece make this country capable to recover attractiveness to attract investors to be competitive and to create a lot of jobs and that's what i expect that the now the people in greece will really see that the efforts to have been taking. let's be mistaken it's not because there was also the reason that there is a crisis in greece because there has been terrible crises that we need to have a more solid structures for economy and society in ways that was there from the european commission talking about the end of this bailout for greece i want to ask now journalist. he's a freelance greek journalist who's based here in berlin he's a familiar face to some of our viewers here. mr vargas what do you think i mean is it going to only get better now the way we just heard from the european commission . well the bottom was something like two years ago so i don't expect it to get much
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worse but it mostly depends on how the political personnel in greece is going to react after the next elections let's say. because one of the main problems in greece is a very astute political and social pull our a zation ok the so-called left of the so-called center right see each other as enemies and they have shown no intention of trying to work willing to work together you know noted to solve big institutional problem for it still exist which these. programs that mr muskerry see. talked about didn't tackle you don't see you don't see a risk in greece. something happening similar to what we've seen in italy for
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example that you have you have groups that are at different ends of the political spectrum coming together and looking at the european union and seeing that as a common foe common enemy in this iteration is a little bit different in greece because italy is whether we like it or not in the dust industrial country but also. also a polarized country north south left right and after years of pain because even the talents felt it as well. very. we will lose. this image of getting out and going our know our own way except where it's at i don't think greece is in this kind of a danger i mean it is august right now it's high season for tourism we know that greece lives from there what what are things going to look like in terms of
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employment if when we talk two months from now. two three months from now i think goods going to go up. going employment unemployment is going to be more than twenty percent again and what's more in the last years most new jobs are jobs that pay well below subsistence level. the same problem that exists all through italy sometimes in germany as well people work and cannot feed themselves or their kids but in germany you have a so we lose a social state there are social benefits nobody's going to die of hunger greece has a route to mental. social system we cannot afford to pay what is lacking. so what happens moving forward there was talk about a greggs that you know three years ago about about greece leaving the the euro zone
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and trying to rehabilitate its economy its currency that way do you think that's off the table completely or do you think that can still be a possibility if d.p. doesn't bend on greece if there is a major crisis in need telly or in spain well of everything's on the table but. getting to a calm that greece should never have joined the euro or the eurozone in the first place yeah it needed another ten years noted to bring things properly at a stage where it would accept the minimal interest rates which existed right after joining the euro zone or in the that's what pierre moscovici was talking about he said the crisis the the real problem existed before the euro you saw rises for once for once he's right right the problem existed. and it existed in the last forty fifty years we had political mismanagement we had corruption we had
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extreme polarization the right wing the left wing. the exile island emptied the only in one hundred seventy four is quite recent right and there has never been a truth of reconciliation. i tunes well maybe we need timeframe here to look at the debts that have to be paid back for example go all the way to the year twenty sixty that's a long time and a future but let's say that does happen can you foresee then greece in forty years and fifteen years having all this behind him being a healthy european economy people who get voted every four or five years tend to kick the can a far as they can and that's what they did now so nobody knows if the european union will still exist in ten years or in five years or in twenty and forty. it was
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a ridiculous. non solution to an actual problem. and this problem will come back. the fascinating have you on the show and getting your insights we appreciate it thank you welcome. we spent all night at the border the authority said wait be patient be expected an answer by the morning but there was no response they had meetings and nothing back to venezuela they said go home because we don't want more venezuelans here. that was the voice of even its way the refugee desperate to escape the deepening economic crisis in her home country and the growing poverty and hunger which have gone hand in hand with the rule of president nicolas maduro now the u.n. says more than two point three million people have left in the last three years and
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that's more than seven percent of the country's population most head to colombia brazil ecuador you know there peru and chile ecuador tightened border controls at the weekend brazil has reinforced troops at its northern frontier on it trying to bring some stability. to the country even toys president nicolas maduro has launched a new currency to combat hyperinflation and soon expected to reach a million percent a year now a million percent five zero zero been knocked off the beleaguered bowl of our currency and they give you an idea of the daily hardship that people are facing the pile of old boulevards that you see here right now will buy you just one chicken likewise this is how much just a handful of tomatoes cost in downtown caracas and when it
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costs this much paper money look at that just to buy a roll of toilet paper some people are saying why bother buying the world at all in this kind of crisis for many it makes more sense to gamble it all on the chance that they'll be able to escape. i argue lad has been dragging his suitcase along a highway she is fleeing desperation and economic hardship back home in venezuela crossing into ecuador on foot as an undocumented migrant. we spent all night by the border the authorities told us to be patient they said they would gets knots or in the morning but there was no response they just told us to head to venezuela especially that we don't want more venezuelans here. off to ecuador and post new entry restrictions on saturday eileen and her friends felt that they had no choice but to cross illegally while they press on thousands of others are stranded at the
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checkpoints hungry and cold fearful of being turned back we have arrived here and we have no hope whatsoever being able to pass through my husband is desperate over in peru my family is also desperate in venezuela we just want to help our families i have two children i sold my house i have nothing now i can't go back to venezuela with nothing. the unprecedented exodus of desperate venezuelans is increasingly overwhelming neighboring countries colombia and brazil tighten border controls earlier this year now ecuador and peru following suit. tensions along the borders are rising over the weekend brazilians in the border town of god i am up turned on mine israel and migrants forcing hundreds of newcomers to flee back across the frontier across the region and the growing influx of venezuelans is stoking animosity against the migrants and has been building for years despite that and at
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the risk of being turned away and have friends still have their eyes set on peru. the situation in. phil. joins me on the phone tonight he's a senior analyst for the andes. the international crisis group for mr johnson it's good to have you on the day let me ask you about the situation of business when its neighbors are closing the borders but it's where humans are facing travel restrictions do you see any options left right now for people who want to escape this economic chaos. well these are the very poorest borders so it's not really possible to close any of these borders completely to human to human beings who are trying to escape but as you know as you very well explained it an extremely difficult dire life threatening situation there and then as well as i would if they are prevented from crossing the border illegally they will continue to cross the
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border illegally just looking at the colombian venezuelan border there are literally hundreds of informal hobbs' the cross that border and you may have to pay a toll to any number of armed groups that control those those paths but people will get across and do you see this becoming the world's new major migration crisis well i think it already is i mean the numbers that we're seeing of people fleeing men as well right now well extraordinary as it is to think this is bigger than the syrian refugee crisis this is bigger than any migratory crisis now i think ever in the history of latin america and it's not going to be possible for any one country that's facing this influx to do with it on their own there's a need for a regional response multilateral responds with a good deal of outside aid and the only real solution to anything that's going to stop this except one assumes they the emptying of an as well a completely would be
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a change of government because with this latest measures president might do to assure them that he's simply not capable of of dealing with the underlying economic and financial problems what we understand that the opposition is calling for nation . wide strikes and protests to take place tomorrow on tuesday do you expect people to actually go out on the streets i mean it's hard to imagine that you're going to get protests when you've got people who are basically you know overnight becoming refugees. well that's right there's a number of problems one is that the opposition is deeply divided is divided into these so three major segments it's not the whole of the opposition that's calling for this strike a lot of people feel that it's poorly organized this badly timed because after all the president has just announced a massive increase in the minimum wage for the navy be able to have thinking well you know let's see if that wage increase so my my immediate problem is not the best
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day to do it i think it's likely to be a failure and that say they would like to seize disillusion still for the opposition supporters and let's assume that there is no change in government and that madeira stays in power for the foreseeable future can you see any sort of scenario taking place that realistic that would bring in an end to this crisis. well my daughter's been in power now since two thousand and thirty coming up for six years he's announced any number of economic plans on each occasion he's told us that this was finally the solution but now at last he grasped how to deal with the crisis and every single one of these plans is worsen the situation i think has very little grounds for optimism the could be a scenario in which perhaps more more sensible elements within the ruling group which to take over from him and try to seek some solid sort of solution with
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the problem is the event as well as under international sanctions and unless there's a political settlement the end of the dictatorship the violations of democracy and human rights then those sanctions and i'm going to be listed in the column be. a proper solution ok i think solution to the crisis ok phil gunson senior analyst for the andes of the international crisis group in caracas mr good's we appreciate your insights tonight thank you thank you for the day is nearly done but the conversation continues online you see right there were to write to us and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day so you.
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don't. june like i'm trying. to guy with data to sell that any is thinking about possibly buying now i. completely exposed. each time we're on line we need behind traces which say a loss about our lives. and i would say t. to advertise this is there any escape. to our. next.
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but. she craves and vegetables come at a price in greenhouses across spain and it's me looking missions i'll just play. despite the dangers politicians prefer to avoid the subject is the most annoying. both good how far can the exploitation go. yours. in nine hundred sixty eight don't cry. young people rebelled against the current generation. demanded nothing less than zero home society. wide maelstrom of useless violence but millions of those are
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still the. seeds of civil rights the peace movement women's plan. nineteen sixty at the start september first two double. hello and welcome to two more of today the science show on d w. coming up. we take a look and a listen at the sun what does it sound like. for women with thousand uterus transplant now raises hope and raises big medical legal and ethical issues. and what's very young children think about what others think it's amazing.

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