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tv   Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  September 22, 2018 10:30pm-11:01pm CEST

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lovesick misbehaved thing of. which i still have to get used to these robots new ways of exploring new frontier in. september twenty fifth. hello and welcome to the latest edition of because africa your environment magazine today we're going to visit a few of africa's amazing national parks my name is now retired way from the national conservation foundation park in lagos nigeria and with me is my charming colleague in johannesburg for the show. i'm felicia and great to see you again
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national parks on not only the green loll of the continent they're also so much more as we'll soon find out. here's what we've got in store for you today. we catch a rare glimpse of a mountain gorilla in the wild in the d.r. see. find out how a simple water filter changed the lives of schoolchildren in uganda. and we'll hear how scientists are fighting to preserve coral reefs off the coast of south africa. have you ever wondered why countries need national parks and nature reserves why can't wild animals just roam freely why does the government have to spend so much money on protecting plants and animals all reporter breaks down for us just how vital national parks are to african countries. it's one of the world's most amazing natural spectacles the great migration of wind based in east africa
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over a million of them follow the rains every year they traverse the city and get a vast tracts of wilderness intern's and kenya part of it is the famous serengeti national park interns any of the covers almost fifteen thousand square kilometers and protects countless animals from man came to their west for it. population growth regions that went in this region told the continent africa's population is projected to almost double by twenty fifty and reach to be. one of the most difficult challenges for africa's national parks is leaving enough land for both animals and humans. the parents play a major role in protecting a precious resource water and won't leave the meat one pack in malawi consists mainly of water. it's this certain pattern of little malawi and this accounting area it's estimated at around seven hundred species of fish inhabit the lake. that protects nature from two environmental challenges. pollution.
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and overfishing. africa large lakes have all been overfished the population of some of species have collapse by eighty percent that makes protected areas even more important in the national park conservationists and local people want to give that to clean up and help piece of biodiversity. poaching is a college in many parts of africa there are more than three hundred national parks and protected areas guarded by thousands of people many put their lives in danger to make sure the animals a safe about. the congo basin is a vast rain forest part of it is the national park in the central african republic the park is home to forest in france and lowland gorillas it's estimated the vegetation in the congo basin stroh's as much as thirty billion tonnes of carbon dioxide that sequestering is crucial for the climate africa's national parks are
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not just important to the people living there they be a vital role for the whole world. was a big national park is home to the world's largest gorilla species but still all of the borders of eastern and rwanda has decimated the population animal rights activists report that less than one hundred of these great apes remain in the region. a local environmentalist has taken up the fight to stop purchasing and to protect the lowland gorillas still that people can also benefit from the conservation measures in the law so that so a king to protect this rare species. the town of because who enjoys an ideal it location on lake kivu one of africa's great lakes the cathedral is an art deco masterpiece and close by is co who's
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a bigger national park with its tourist magnet gorillas but the visitors aren't coming for the last twenty years of bloody conflict has been fourteen east congo all the mineral resources. into poverty glides to villages on the edge of the park tourism could create new jobs but right now one of the few sources of income is a mushroom farm set up by an environmental group. called i mean here my father wayne lee's mushrooms help to protect the national park because the women don't need to go out there to scavenge from a lot of awful. it's not mass tourism which is damaging the environment but the locals themselves the pogo foundation in cities residents about the value of conservation the environmentalist are taking the most room girl was during the war change. on the way to the national park we need some local farmers many of them use
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the national park land although this is illegal they graze their cattle coach game scavenge and chop down trees this form a forest ranger understands the farmers often have no alternative the community around here are too poor very poor and a lot of the poverty level they were on was arrested in the park and be jailed and they were forced to pay fines. among the range explains the ground rules for visiting the gorillas always keep your distance as human germs can prove fatal if transmitted to the animals and i can be authentic for me and what she minorca for certain you're going to call with a policeman and if you can fight it's the first time the growers have seen the grapes sour so most are more excited than afraid. and then they're off into the heart of the rainforest there's
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a lot of money to be made from gorilla watching in rwanda and uganda. trackers for the gorillas daily movements it often takes hours to find them but today we're in luxembourg. a short walk takes us to a family of nineteen gorillas by the silverback chima newquay. it's quite safe in this part of the park but in other areas rebel groups operate they can be more dangerous than the guerillas. in mississippi you were the first i was afraid to bite but now i'm happy to have seen them i didn't realize the park was so important. what might the former
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rangers strategy of holding back seems to be working. on. them in the future i will help to protect the park and make sure no one comes scavenging so the gorillas can stay safe. whether the growers are able to keep their promises will depend on how the regional economy develops everyone is hoping plenty of tourists will come to see the gorillas that you'll help to bring change for the better. lake among some on third you can see how we're protecting this world heritage site with you here in the park and that's no problem with the monsters in the supercommittee not because we'd like more tourists to come here so there's a future for us rangers and i'll family. to restrain. the gorillas seem relaxed and low level tourism can help this certain species. hordes
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of tourists or in any case unlikely until there's peace in a stand. just one example of the kind of pressure national parks face and it's primarily we humans will cause the problems even when the animals are left in peace there's still plenty to do to protect an area like that's a good point felicia it's important to be aware of the challenges part management face and that's why we went to south africa to talk to an expert about it we met with john mark karr park manager of poland as national park.
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it's a very serious problem in films but. almost every two three days there's an incident when i was killed we now in a situation way be. that i ate off i know killings exceeds their reproduction he wants more dinosaur killer than one was being born. you need to give. the guy who's walking into that example of a gun provide him with a note tell it to a source of income or that to minimize poaching i believe food that for as long as people see people underground see money in poaching it will continue but in
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time well. with with what improved intelligence gathering we'll be able to know and i dissipate when these guys are coming their modus operandi and we've been in the position to have been quite a big impact in the past reduced. to believe we need to open not he said for everybody and make sure that even those people of low with low income can access these reserves for self intertainment and also for educational purposes so i don't think that would be something that we consider in the short term but again it depends on what you know what the bought system what government regulates in the future.
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game deserves national party important in africa because they can serve a wide net and i have to take a sustained jobs from which people get the income that he was. a. source off. sort of part of the income generation they are there for people to see to enjoy and they see if we need to conserve them to protect them into the future. i believe a pepperton is no pugs where. nature yes preserved and protected need to seize the felt the animals both the small and the
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big ones. a deal where the people surrounding that reserve have access of course benefits then that are you one area where people a hippie to visit people are happy to see flooded and that accommodates of people who wants to play with lice. now a lot of work and certainly planning goes into maintaining our beautiful national parks and not just on land but also see they are marine protected areas too like the coral reefs of south africa's coast before more unique ecosystem in many functions from what appears to cation to cost line protection they also provide habitats for all kinds of animals and plants all that makes to refinance durban
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well worth protecting but it also gives scientists valuable insight into how such a sensitive system can be protected from the long term effects of climate change. this is how good or scripture deals and spread for hundreds of millions of years they've been building washing reefs and ensuring their own survival. in deben marine biologists are connecting these six else called. to study the identity of potential most course living room typical waters. in this part of the ocean natural selection has lived only species that can cope with the rough conditions found in the seas around south africa so that's a lot of our research is based on a figure of one of what is the genetic basis of the system for susceptibility how our races are connected on
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a genetic level. what sort of movement of blogging and. of getting and. how does that inform. plans to protect. reefs out of a virus because systems that produce an important habitat and breeding ground for fish and other marine species in the last few years global warming has ghost good reefs to bleach and die around the wild. animals that live in symbiosis with an alligator when ocean temperatures get to will this relationship breaks down. the next pilled turning the corner white and effectively start to eat like here in the sea shells reefs in south africa have mostly been spared at least so far dr peterson and his colleagues believe that's down to identity disposition that makes them less vulnerable to change in the environment. environment is very
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turbulent and therefore the water mixing is very good so you don't get a layer of water. sitting at the surface and i think the shallow water corals added to this the are calls to him to be a bit deeper the tropical least grow to the surface so this this all assists the corals to cope better with with global warming climate change and coral bleaching just as important as the special environmental conditions in south africa district protection of the countries eastern coastline the hope is that this area might provide a breeding lift for course that can survive in woman to people regions. here to be done in the monger lisa whitman park jim's who is in charge of marine protection. one of the thinking man's father scientific basis and that is possibly. our
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corals in south africa is wrong to me so critics should benefit our global warming because as the. water temperatures rise being here to. try to area for the corals to extend to the south. but what temperatures aren't the only factor affecting coral reefs and other major problem in ocean spoil all over the world is marine pollution in dublin one month thinking ahead. to get that with colleagues from around the world dr pearson is working on kind of preserving coral gables. for him an insurance policy for biodiversity if worst comes to worst what's called under such immediate threat. we need on ways to preserve the diversity have. the situation inside in many areas if. we have. something like.
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it's a race against time experts say around half of the planet's coral reefs could die by twenty fifty taking with them much of the diversity and beauty in the wild beneath the waves. so you see the world would be a poorer place without our national parks and the dedication of the people who work in them and it also reminds us once again that we all must do our bit in other to preserve this beautiful planet how about turning waste into something wonderful. did you know that worldwide more than two billion cups of coffee are consumed every day that dinner mountains of used grounds that simply get tossed into the bin let's see what some people in europe are making out of it.
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did you know that you can promo shrooms on coffee grounds. germans love their coffee. twenty three hundred cups are consumed every second in the country. but only point two percent of the beans actually end up in the cup. the rest lands in the garbage as coffee grounds. entrepreneur ralph title is turning this waste into a resource. he collects coffee grounds from cafes and uses them to grow gore main mushrooms. he mixes the grounds with spawn.
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puts them into bags and ships them to customers. they add a little bit of water and after a few days the mushroom start to sprout. every box produces up to three harvests around five hundred grams of yummy mushrooms and all . the you like that. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit you share your story. now just as in many other parts of africa direct access to clean drinking water is a luxury in uganda especially in the rule areas more than twenty three million you gun and are still without it while there was plenty of swamp land and open water
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this is on fit for drinking and that's why a social business called impact water is looking into providing filters to schools in kenya nigeria and uganda felicia while and believe me schools op the only place where the public water system doesn't always work the way it should but the filters are a good alternative to using file which to boil water. from uganda is about encouraging schools to change their ways for the sake of the environment. for three weeks now. has had to chop up more wood than usual. she's a kitchen helper at st paul's catholic seminary in fort portal in western uganda. she needs a lot of firewood to boil fifteen hundred liters of drinking water every day.
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so we boil the water for different purposes to cook and drink. i don't know how much weight we need to burn for each thing but i know we need a lot of what we need. more than two hundred know this year it's live and study in the seminary along with teachers and staff and they all need drinking water. but tests showed the facilities water purification system isn't working properly this time. it would work for drinking. we how sick in some pool. it has few treaties as you can see it does long tours through commended for drinking and we begin to that sample from the sim which is. quite good but still you want to commend him for drinking.
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the problem is that the poly filters for the water purification system are clogged up technician sun you piazzi has to replace them he shows health officer vincent kind of how the system has to be serviced in the future vincent will have to perform regular maintenance. this is how the poly filter looks after half a year of use the system is used so much that a clean new filter will have to be inserted every other month and. a system like this costs for a. a half million ugandan shillings about twelve hundred u.s. dollars linda negi one works in sales. for nationals in there is quite a unique school because there were deco's option is related to high so that means that over using the poorly few tears and that also means that they have to replace them quite regularly. this is come the capital of uganda population one of the half
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million a number of companies here now offer water purification systems by the end of twenty eighteen london to give one's firm plans to quadruple the number of schoolchildren it provides with drinking water to two point eight million we believe we disappeared from the church the government and you think. we can reach the speed. purifying tap or well water with one of these systems is not only a lot cheaper than boiling out it's also better for the environment. back in the small town of fort portal and western uganda impact water has contracts with more than three hundred schools. since the beginning of the year one of them is new york a sewer a school with over a thousand students. on who's a very big difference cause you ask us what tell us any good ted johns i need some
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sickness but this time from what you say we have timed it so people are going to and in the nearby seminary as won't there's no clean drinking water from the purification system for the midday meal for the region the seminarians use an immense amount fifteen hundred liters a day in the future they'll just have to change the filter more often. and we've come to the end of a special edition featuring national parks you've been watching it what africa joint environmental magazine production by channels t.v. on quest say on behalf of the entire team thanks for joining us on bye bye for this week from the national conservation park in lagos nigeria how we got some tourney amazing animals and landscapes if you're active in animal conservation do serious story and also show media websites we'd love to hear from you until next week i'm
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felicia ennis be here in johannesburg good bye. move. on. to. the to.
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gunmen target a military elite dozens are dead and scores more wounded after an attack on a parade in the country southwest many elite revolutionary guard soldiers were killed iran's military has vowed to retaliate also coming up. tanzania mourns the victims of a deadly ferry disaster on lake victoria one man has been found alive after two days but officials say they may never know just how many people perished.

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