tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle October 2, 2018 4:00pm-5:00pm CEST
this is news live from her land desperation deepens in indonesia as the death toll surges to more than twelve hundred following last week's devastating earthquake and tsunami people wait for news of their loved ones and relatives and they were called the horror of when the moment the earthquake struck. morning over time went on saunders. launching the full st rose of anything it was like all the way before and we were swept away i mean never you. will have
a special report from our correspondent on the ground war also coming up honored for their groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics three scientists from three different countries are awarded this year's nobel prize in physics our correspondent explains how their work has opened up new revolutionary areas of research. plus has labor shortages the loop germany's coalition parties agree on a new immigration law to try and attract skilled workers from other countries. drugs crime and punishment beatings we have an exclusive undercover report from what's become known as europe's most dangerous and violent refugee camp on the greek island of lesbos. i'm sara kelly welcome. of the program indonesia has raised to more than twelve
hundred the number of people who died in the earthquake and tsunami that devastated parts of soup of a island last week survivors meanwhile are beginning to grow angry at the government's response to the disaster they say authorities are being too slow to send aid to areas outside of the main town palu. and that they are running short of food fuel and other essentials as either has fast and hard to reports the government has begun airlifting some survivors to safety. all they want is to get out. some of them have been waiting for days at the airport to get on one of the planes that are bringing in the aid. in uses on forces are constantly airlifting in relief goods things that people here need most water food medication most of all and on the way back they're taking those who are desperately waiting to leave old people people or injured people who've lost their homes women and small
children. and going to let you know mia. long it on i'm the dominican and i'm about to give birth. i give my but i heard that it's difficult to still get treatment at the hospital here so i have to go to a bigger city. in the city rescue workers find new bodies every day. the earthquake has the english entire neighborhood. this is the end of a landslide that's about two kilometers long and that was caused by the earthquake and to understand the sheer force that was unleashed you just have to look at that building up there because that previously wasn't here but some one hundred meters down in that direction it was swept here by the moving soil now there are still some five hundred people believed to be buried here and a lot of the people over here on this side have lost relatives right here and
they're waiting for them to be found. brewin lost his mother his brother and his nephew when so all the earth thirty two is where the board. where the ground started moving i went outside. the whole street rose up in it was like a wave and we were swept away. it was like a whole opening slamming shut again. it would take its residents a long time to recover what was destroyed in just a matter of seconds. and some. may never. get more now on the situation helen van well it's indonesia country director for the relief organization care thank you so much for joining us this afternoon we just heard there and we've been seeing images of shortages of food of fuel and
we're wondering what your aid workers are telling you about the situation there on the ground yes exactly that what you're saying it it's a very very sad and desperate situation for many people i was talking today to interact who is who works with the brits with one of our partners that we work with and he was telling me he was practically in tears because he was telling me about it a woman who was about to give birth but she needs this is scary and there's no doctor available and she was told to hang on so you know you know i just don't know what is going to happen in that situation but there are many many stories like that given that i mean just given the sheer volume of of all of these people who need help what are your priorities as an aid organization when it comes to responding to the to that the this disaster. well we're hoping to raise enough funds to be able to to help these people and the first thing we will do and that we're in the process of doing is an assessment to see where they where the help is needed
where the gaps are and we know that there are many and we will what we plan to do is to first we're going to help provide drinking water which is what people need the most at this moment as well as shelter can't because many of them are sleeping either in a camp or outside so tarpaulins blankets sleeping mats solar lights and sanitation and hygiene is also really really important later on we will look at a shelter and livelihoods because people are people want their homes back and they want to be able to earn a living to support their family absolutely that certainly seems understandable helen van well indonesia country director for the relief organization care we thank you so much for joining us this afternoon. thank you. a ferry with nearly three hundred passengers is stranded in the baltic sea the danish
operated vessel was en route from germany or from the german city rather of kiel to the lithuanian port of. the operator said that a malfunction produced smoke triggering the ship's fire extinguishing system no injuries were reported it's not yet clear if the vessel will have to be towed to port. this year's nobel prize for physics has just been announced by the royal swedish academy of sciences in stockholm it's been awarded in two parts with half going to u.s. scientist arthur ashe again the other half to a team of two physicists the frenchman gerard lomu and comedian donna strickland the three were honored for their research in the field of laser physics. and you'd ever use derrick williams joins us here in the studio to tell us a little bit more about the nobel committee's decision and why exactly they've received this prize tell us a little bit more about laser physics and what they've accomplished these are two
fairly widely divergent fields but what they do have in common is this laser physics actions work involved what are called optical tweezers so they allowed us on a micro he created a tool that allowed us on a microscopic level to to push around things like bacteria and viruses without actually killing them before them we had to actually kill them and fix them place in order to observe them so it allowed us to begin to observing these living systems which obviously had huge ramifications for fields like biology. on the other hand the work done by more rw and and by strickland is it's about high intensity compact laser system so when you're creating a laser you have this problem with your employer fire at a certain point the laser just gets so hot and so intense that it destroys it melts the amplifier they figured out a workaround called chirked poles with occasional let me say that one and that allows you that allows us to create ever more powerful. lasers to do things like powerful enough to do things like cut metals so to widely divergent areas but what
they have in common is laser physics fascinating stuff and we see the practical application as you mentioned also some of the complements of their work something that was quite interesting though is the fact that donna strickland apparently is the first woman to winning this prize in physics for fifty five years in fact only only three women in total i understand have have won the prize and she's joining us and it's really it's really i mean it's hard to believe she's joining she's joining a pretty exclusive club that if you have good includes marie curie the nobel prizes in general women are dramatically under-represented across the three for science prizes that are awarded but physics is really kind of the worst of the lot and i think. talking about that would go way beyond the scope of this particular conversation is gushing as we're limited by time but i think it is changing and i think that we see it. in things like this in the award with the awarding of this
particular prize because she really deserves it and i think it's going to we're going to see a trend in that direction more in the coming years especially because gender parity we know conversation not only around the world but also within the nobel committee itself very well but i don't think that they just gave her the prize because she's a woman her work really has vast merit and she did it back when she was a ph d. student in the late seventy's and early eighty's so it's fits in with actually the scheme of what the nobel prize is about which is awarding prizes to researchers who have done seminal work in their particular fields fascinating stuff derek williams breaking it all down for us thank you so much. germany's coalition government has struck a deal on immigration reform the plan is a first step toward more open migration laws designed to help fill a record number of job vacancies it prioritizes applicants education age and financial security the move aims to attract skilled workers from outside of the e.u. the focus is on immigrants qualification and the needs of the german economy the
new laws will continue to differentiate between asylum seekers and economic migrants germany's economy minister paid to altmire spoke with kate brady about the new law. mr out my what exactly is the german government proposing when i say immigration based on the canadian model germany have a very pragmatic but modern immigration law the german economy is in an extremely dynamic state the labor market empty we need a qualified labor force this will be much easier on the future to recruit vali fight people in decent comando for german language with a good educational and professional training is very important in order to to increase across potential of the german economy and to increase the welfare in our
country and why is it so difficult for asylum seekers are rejected asylum seekers to stay here and what care if they've already integrated themselves well into german society well we have made a very clear distinction between asylum seekers on the one hand. already i'm prepared to protect people in need for protection and people are looking for integration in the labor market in germany and this is the basic principle that we. we have however provided a possibility for people who have a very long history of integration in the labor market well integrated in the social environment to tuesday if certain conditions are met there's a something that will be out in the process legislation and it's a pragmatic. choice but in principle the distinction between the two
ways of my creation will be maintained. and that was the german economy minister pitfall to meyer speaking earlier with kate brady conditions at the maurya refugee camp on the greek island of lesbos have been described as appalling more than a thousand people are crammed into a facility built to hold just three thousand violence and prostitution are commonplace but in recent months the criminal activities appear to have taken on a new quality people there say that they are being terrorized by militants from islamic state who have become. or have begun rather to arrive from syria did i share and buy a will or went to the camp to investigate. the bloody attack in camp moria last may suspected isis members were apparently the driving force several were injured severely some attackers were arrested i did you tell your wife
of that when they attack it's about twenty of them who gang up on the. table with metal bars the merciless. shout the same slogans that isis members will follow as great isis will remain and expand. what that meant escape from iraq to lesbos he lived or wrecked in next to the present isis group before he fled the camp in fear for his life. many other residents of the camp tell us a similar story they are still fanatic. about a still if you're not islam i kill with you i cannot tell only what they have spies everywhere. we want to see what's really going on inside the can run us. thank you we are not allowed in so two former residents go in for us and take a hidden camera with them. morea is like
a lawless slum eight thousand refugees live here and the inhumane conditions in jail say the campus increasingly being controlled by criminal gangs or stop a cafe run by abu. he's one of the group's ringleaders cash crystal meth pills you can buy anything here our informants tell us the man behind the coffee machine is one of apple s henchmen. reda is one of our informants he leads us to level three of the camp apparently under isis control the group consists of about fifty men independent sources confirmed that fifty in a camp of a palace and. traces of violence we recognize this window from the video footage showed us earlier. here isis graffitti on the wall apparently the group feels so safe that it claims an entire zone within the camp as its own greater fear for his life here now he lives in safety in his own
apartment. he choked me and pressed a blade to my throat told his friends to come and he said hold him down so i can slit his throat. of the. other plans to export terror from inside the camp to europe the fact that they openly professed membership speaks against that meanwhile german security staff confirm they have information about isis affiliates in camp moria. but what are greek authorities and the police doing to stop the violence. the greek ministry for migration policy refused an interview they say they're too busy to provide a spokesperson to police to remain silent if the camp unless both closes down as the governor of the region recently stated it's uncertain what will happen to the violent game sources say that some of the alleged isis leaders have already made it to athens. and joining me here in the studio is mario miller you saw her there in
that report she is one of the authors and really terrifying story is that you that you heard about there first of all let me ask you how did you find out about what was going on in the camp well that context so many people working in and jails on last they hadn't of last past and one of them told me that there were rumors spreading a couple of months already and that there was a violent gang claiming to be ices and very aggressive attacking other refugees and also during the same period of time there were many refugees arriving from the syrian province to a resort and which was one of the last isis strongholds and also he told us about the graphic scenes which were appearing on the walls inside a distinct section inside the county level three they called it and they were for example saying there is or will remain and grow and there's
a very famous isis slogan called isis will remain and grow so they were pretty distinct hymns and we wanted to follow these and also we got the confirmation from security stuff in germany saying that they are isis members inside and it's always so challenging when you're looking at a story like this where because there are security concerns of course what was the most difficult part not only in the research but also when it came to shooting this story and gathering the experiences of those who you ended up interviewing well in the beginning was very hard to find people who were willing to talk to us because they're worth. many left the camp out of fear but as soon as we were there and also what's up with skype before before they even get there. we heard a lot of motivation of these of this group for example in the attack end of may it was ramadan many to kurdish were attacked so we asked why kurdish voices why a particular kurdish and one kurdish refugee told us well they accused us of not
fasting they accused of us of not you know off listening to music of not being religious enough so and then another one told us no there's a political reason behind it because we were fighting isis in syria in iraq the push america so there were different answers to the same question and we had to make that transparent and that was also difficult but we thank you so much for your reporting mariel miller we appreciate it. now a top spanish football team has waded into controversy after honoring and i can of palestinian resistance we're talking about. a teenager jailed for eight months after slapping two soldiers from the israeli defense forces now a video this video here captures the confrontation outside of his home in occupied west bank territory a true colloquial attention her arrest and jailing on assault charges there after were condemned by rights activists it was released from custody at the end of july
palestinians view her as a hero but in israel many see her punishment as justified they call her a provocative. let's get more on this now very own jared reed is joining us here in the studio we have to mention of course. this week she played a visit right to the football club. but by welcoming her the club was was drawing some mixed reaction so tell us a little bit more about that basically she had to mimi is in europe at the moment and she's been visiting countries like france and spain to attend palestinian solidarity events and basically like you said she's been out of prison for a couple of months now after what's been a pretty life changing we know very that she is a pretty big football fan and at the invitation of riyadh madrid this week she
attended the club's grounds in the capital and was given a personalized jersey and posed here as we can see with the clubs form a strike. on your who's now one of the team's executives so clearly big moment for i had to meet me there a special on a story to poland but of course the club is attracting a bit of controversy and so what are people saying about. basically the reactions are really polarized and is. have taken to blas the club for what it's done we can stop the israeli politician. he writes he had to mean. terrorism and violence and meeting with madrid. he says the club must apologize because giving her respect is giving terrorism respect israeli journalist. rights here are you a palestinian do you want a free flight and a visit to riyadh madrid well he is how he just soldier who never did anything to
your speech on him and humiliate him but of course she's received a lot of support particularly this person he his name is in gaza he's praised riyadh madrid's decision he rides even. go to thank ryall madrid for welcoming. me clearly back people are quite happy and see her as a hero or it's really interesting because i mean clearly i mean how controversial she is a very polarizing figure more they trying to make a political statement with this a lot of people are saying that they were but we just don't know that i mean we reached out to riyadh madrid to ostend not so far they haven't gotten back to us and aside from the. jersey we haven't heard anything from the club what we're seeing at the moment is an increase in celebrities and taking a political stand for example they've been
a number of celebrities and refused to perform in israel in response to increased violence in gaza and the west bank in the case of a head to mimi clearly she's a very controversial figure we've seen a lot of people accuse riyadh madrid of supporting terrorism but on the other hand there's a saying well by associating with the club is doing things to you like highlighting palestinian children being imprisoned in israel if we had bought for me out real madrid and i really hope we do today will certainly tell you that is a call to real madrid real madrid get back to us what your reaction is so we can feature it herr jared reed thank you so much for your reporting. well now we turn to the world of sports because the champions league returns to nights with two big games in store for german teams hoffenheim play their first ever group stage game in front of their own fans against english champions manchester city their coach
pep guardiola knows the bundesliga well of course from his time at byron munich he is expecting a tough game and he wants his defense to step up. no we cannot go through that teams are so good it doesn't matter. so the game. shocked. or so. per the question and mark so tell us i mean do hoffenheim have a realistic chance against manchester city i actually think they do i mean mention city have been going all guns blazing in the premier league but in europe they actually lost their first game of the champions league group stage at home to live on so i think it's a different mindset there with manchester city between the premier league and champions league you know they've not had great success in the champions league is the much tougher so i think that gives off and i'm a chance and you know this is
a tough cookie the whole thing and he knows that actually the hoffenheim when they play really big games at home tend to really raise their level the last two times they've played by and munich at home hoffenheim of one so it shows they can really get behind it saying they're in hoffenheim and maybe they can get a result i think the other issue is that the city of god knows the big game of the weekend against liverpool it's the first big game really of the premier league season so might they have one eye on that clash and not be totally on the whole thing i'm trash that's a possibility as well so it all kind of looks as if often i have got more of a possibility in this game than people would probably give them credit if you give us all the various scenarios right but i want you to go on a ledge now what's your prediction in terms of a little more let's say a draw a draw is probably why the middle ground because yes city are not the team they are in the premier league when the playing in europe and also often i'm this is the greatest occasion in the club's history their first ever home game in december is
the group stage but of course it's not just hoffenheim are playing tonight on the german side we've got by in munich they're playing against iraq's been a bit sticky so far in the pond as they go i had a look at how the two teams were preparing for this game. when it rains it pours the clouds are hanging over byron munich after a bad spell and the mood at training match the weather some stern faces run show as byron plot their recovery from a dreadful showing it hurts a beilin ill timed tackles a lack of urgency and a defense all that seem it has a cruise to it to know when on friday despite the setback coach nico covert she's ahead of the clash with. suppose you have to stay positive after a draw and a defeat you can't just throw everything into question when things were going well the forehand there was optimism among every single player and also myself and the expectation is that we will win our coming games. and robin will expect to play
against his fellow dutchman as by and look for a creative spark clearly lacking in the last week. the game at the allianz arena gives five time winners by on the chance to make it two victories from two in the champions league but four times when as i x. will be tough customers and believe they can spring a surprise. if we just need to be calm and believe in our qualities you know we'll be very hard. because buying is one of the best teams. for sure can do that for. for a plea to be champion but we need to. believe in our philosophy and face a tricky obstacle in their bid to rediscover their best form. and mark your prediction. by a never play three back again tomorrow ok mark meadows has weighed in and we will check in with him after the games to see if he indeed got it right you're watching
news i'm sorry kelly in berlin with take short break but we will be back with a whole lot more to pay for their pick up. a. cigarette filter as the silent killer lives. each day cigarette killisnoo thrown away using the ground and water seems to come. researchers and environmentalist are demanding a stop to this cigarette. poisoning the environment. with w. . movement to fight unfolding case to take you seriously in the world of work here's what's come out women's tour. for her.
smartarse smart stage the legend bring freezing rain dangerous times the top job for my. first day in school. the first economy lesson from the doors grandma with arrives. joining a regular chain on her journey back to freedom. in our interactive documentary during an orang utan returns home on the d w don't come to tanks kind of the latest on the screen listening to reduce. the fight against illegal logging. david. against goliath. time for me to tell everyone what's going on. regis are. going to march you're going to.
be the lead pencil going. but who will be. the borneo case starts october ninth in the w. welcome back you're with t w news i'm sarah kelly and our top stories indonesia has raised the death toll from last week's earthquakes of more than twelve hundred survivors meanwhile have begun looting shops for food after not eating for several days people in towns have criticized the government's response to the disaster a slow. it has been twenty eight years since the reunification of east and west germany an event that will be marked tomorrow when german celebrate the country's annual unity day holiday for lin will mark the event with three days of festivities is going to kettle's took to the capital streets to find out what the
third of october means to people in germany today. when the war came down aquash of all germans were not yet born or like me they were too young to feel any connection to this important event anyone who wasn't there back then can now relive history here in berlin at the origin of the locations along this two point five kilometer stretch the wire ran right in front of the rice tock visitors can learn more about the fall of the berlin wall and the time after that on a tour through their government district and some can cast their minds back. well that was very emotional. yes we all cried here while he's starting to do so now for months artist it should never be forgotten many families were torn apart and many were reunited with german reunification it was a great party. it's an insane piece of history here you feel your ride to the
middle of it describe it. even with all these tragedies and bits of the war you still can't imagine it. david hasselhoff song looking for freedom to him a free union is the only thing i remember. the fact that i and others who were children in the west at least can recall much goes to show how incredible those events were it was a peaceful resolution on the ninth of november east germany eased its travel restrictions to the west faced with mass demonstrations east german gotz open the border. what followed was a unique period in history the eleven months between the fall of the wall and the former reunification of east and west germany shown in this exhibition called half time it was a time in between two political systems and two societies both what's meant here in
berlin a city that was no longer divided but also not yet fully reunited. my final year on the third of october one thousand nine hundred ninety germany was formally reunified the brandenburg gate as the iconic symbol of that moment for three days this installation by street artist j. r. is a reminder of when the war came down this year's party is less about celebrating and more about remembering the scooter's the old it's good that we think of it today or on the third because we have a democracy that we have to defend it which is in danger right now. that's money you have the you know when is that what we have isn't a given that we have a united country you can take freedom for granted and you have to keep that in mind especially today. now this is what it's all history and all history is part of our identity and we should always be aware of that stand just give i think there are still differences you only get to know them when you start talking to people. today
of the third or fourth told us our national holiday for many it's just a day off for no special reason to celebrate perhaps that's because reunification isn't simply a beauty first story there's a feeling of freedom yes but also with the after effects of division which you can feel and brandon like no way. let's get more on this now we are joined by on to power campbell who is a professor of history at berlin's free university welcome and thank you for joining us this afternoon so we just saw that report on the preparations for october third how do you explain the j of germany today because i mean some people might be familiar for example with july fourth in the united states where the fourteenth of july in france and germany. where of october you know well it's a day of german reunification nine hundred ninety. five came in all these you know commemorations in states like frogs and the u.s.
the fourth of july holiday for instance. and had to fifteenth of the fortunes of the two laws. to commemorate. and symbol law is the foundation of states but these you know days have a long tradition where is the third of october is. the really really free cation of a state that had existed before and secondly. it is a less long tradition than the fourth of july or the fourteenth of july and it's been twenty eight years we now present. the twenty eighth birthday of reification a lot has been said about the wall in people's minds and i'd like you to perhaps talk a little bit more about that with us i mean is it still there are east and west divided . i mean if you look at some indicators economic indicators and socially decay just for instance i mean you can see it's still see differences i mean the level of unemployment is still there or. it's visible but the difference have become
less pronounced in the last twenty years i think for all. the experience of having lived in the g.d.r. is still with us because i mean even though we have a generational change this experience of every move of the in the g.d.r. has been passed on by parents on the to the children so i mean it's still with us the rise of the far right that has been an issue in the former east we know that the a.f.d. party is also making a lot of strides in that particular area of the country. how do you explain that which you say i mean first maybe even maybe related to the parsed i mean east germans have been less used to meeting before is there for us in the g.d.r. of the word secluded rather. and secondly and this relates to the years after nine
hundred ninety. they many east germans have disadvantaged degree even degraded. because of the by the west germans the third point i think is many east germans. have not experienced you know income. encounters with foreigners even in the last few years i mean if you look at the share of foreigners in the population you find that the show is fairly low in the new states so i mean. one of my explanations is people who do not know and have never met foreigners are afraid of them reject the people who have met foreigners in states where the share form is is a lot to our list of fruit fascinating stuff armed. professor of history
at berlin's free university thank you so much you would come. now let's get a quick check of some other stories making news around the world japanese prime minister shinzo ave has reshuffled his cabinet but he left the key foreign finance economy and trade ministers in place the changes come as the country faces tough trade talks with the united states there was only one woman appointed to the new cabinet. a suicide bomber has killed at least thirteen people when he blew himself up during a parliamentary campaign rally in eastern afghanistan deadly violence has flared in afghanistan ahead of the october twentieth election with the taliban and islamic state vowing to disrupt the process. and boris johnson has intensified his challenge to british prime minister to recent days of private plans the former foreign secretary told the conservative party conference that makes plans for trading with the block after britain leaves or undemocratic and not what people
voted for he was giving a standing ovation. another manager bites the dust in the never ending wake of the diesel gave scandal. following all the drama that's right just as the government has announced a breakthrough on how to deal with hundreds of thousands of dutch diesels german comic of folks wagner has officially cut loose the former chief of its subsidiary folks talking with both by mutual agreement suspended all the balls who put stock was to vacate his place on the boards of v.w. and audi effective immediately in june that was jailed on charges of fraud and of frustration in connection with the emissions cheating scandal folks is believed to have offered stock through a golden parachute worth more than ten million euros if he agreed to step. back for a top story also negotiations a breakthrough in germany's diesel disputes during the night the german government
and other stakeholders came to an agreement that owners of diesel cars and regions with high policeman's pollution can either have been cities to diesels enough after six hours an agreement the coalition said it would take steps to ensure better air quality in german cities in a bid to avoid driving bans for diesel cars but german carmakers will be asked to play their part and that includes hardware retrofits the costs for which are to be borne by the manufacturers not vehicle owners carmakers also promised to pay a premium if older polluting cars are traded in for cleaner models. both conditions are sent to apply to fourteen regions of germany with especially high pollution. i ensuring avoiding driving bans preventing restrictions on mobility no additional or undue burden on diesel drivers and the automotive industry showing
responsibility these are the cornerstones of this concept. we want to secure the future of diesel. i'm very confident that the automotive industry will now also take advantage of the opportunity that we are offering to regain confidence in the diesel. but so far only focus fog has agreed to the hardware retrofits other carmakers including b.m.w. and opel are rejecting this approach diesel emissions are a major cause of hide nitrogen oxide levels in some regions that's why several german cities have threatened to ban older diesel vehicles the european commission has also taken action in the european court of justice to force germany to comply with the pollution limits that have been binding since two thousand and ten. in other european countries governments are already thinking about restricting diesels in the cities or banning them altogether. makes sense of all this is
within the story and from the german environment association now thank you very much for joining us in the studio do you think from your board if you from your organization point of view do you think this is a viable agreement do the government's plans go far enough no i wouldn't say this is definitely not a breakthrough i mean the agreement consists on two pillows first of all. owners can get a discount for if they exchange the old car into a new one but we had that in the past and it didn't work out what we need and that is what all the experts including the german e.p.a. that says we need a retrofitting of hardware in the consisting cars but this is only a little part of the equipment we saw today is this all a storm in a teacup we heard about germany's most polluted cities that just give us an idea that the scale of the problem of people in these cities wearing masks to be able to
breathe or schools of children dying i mean how big is the problem you know it only in germany about twelve thousand people who prematurely died because of this pollutants and they get the pollutants that come from diesel cause only from nitrogen oxides not from all these on not from these old cars but from nitrogen also oxide yes on top comes like. particulate matter. fine particles so it's there are more pollutants coming from the diesel engines but this is now what we're talking about eight hundred thousand people suffer from this poison this gas and so it's definitely suffering whether you like have like. you to have like other diseases and so this is definitely not a problem. people said that if we would drop part of loosen the level of particle emissions we could easily drop the more dangerous
nitrogen dioxide emissions wouldn't that be a viable option well i think this will not work out we know since many many years now that we have like limited values for nitrogen oxides we know that the congress tree has to deliver clean up costs well they failed you know they produced and they still produce dirty diesel cars and therefore it's not a technical problem it isn't dirty constantly sort of reviewed upwards of what was clean yesterday is not clean anymore isn't hasn't been the all these these limits and all that hasn't that pushed the industry too far into cheating actually i wouldn't say so i mean we have like limited knowledge that they were decided many many years ago from the european commission and this is a political agreement you know like. has organization they said that even lower limits are advisable so i wouldn't say that that we this isn't that we are panicking. from the german environment by middle thank you very much for joining us
in the studio. meanwhile german manufacturers are showing off their electric cars at the paris motor show cods at such a present at the peak you see the car makers first old electric vehicle goes on sale next year and in fact us have invested billions in new battery technology regulators clamp down on vehicle emissions their mach just announced a book brown the sale of cars with combustion engine from twenty to thirty on words but consumers aren't willing to pay more for electric cars with concerns about the range and a lack of charging networks. could you know them alone is the paris motor show today and joins me now. general the diesel agreement in germany is not a topic i'd hold there and powers. oh indeed a very much is and you could imagine if you were a car maker how annoying it must be to have the mistakes of the past dragged into
us into the spotlight at a time where you're actually trying to present your new and shiny things out the paris motor show and in a sense that annoyance is the plea felt here i was talking to be on w earlier and they told me that they were still very much against harborough retrofits because of the expense because of the development time because of the threat they think it represents to the deer ability of the engines so suffice to say this is going to be a discussion by continues beyond the paris motor show especially given that there are reticence doesn't mean that this is a resolution. that you know we just heard in the brief report before you came on that denmark is a banning the sale of combustion engine cause in twenty thirty what are all the european countries planning like france for example. indeed a bit of irony about the paris motor show is taking place in the city with a local government that's actually not super car friendly it was one of the first cities to announce
a similar ban on petrol and diesel vehicles starting in twenty thirty but what's going to be interesting to everybody here is actually. the upcoming european parliament vote tomorrow on c o two emission reductions now and the e.p.a.'s could have voted to have reductions mandated would would cut c o two emissions by forty five per cent up by twenty thirty now this is of course in contrast to the previous previous proposals of thirty percent and in contrast to what the magic factories want which is twenty percent that's causing a lot of tension here at the paris motor show now carmakers are saying that such ambitious cuts could actually hurt jobs and cause major disruptions while proponents of such aggressive cuts say the targets have to be ambitious or else they won't mean anything is it all about emissions that the motor show or the other big topics. you could actually take your pick there are plenty of big topics around you know for example there is a brag sit and watch how the potential of disorderly could do to so to supply
chains in europe there's also still the specter of looming u.s. tariffs on european cars as well as a challenge presented by mobility start ups like what i am however not seeing is this euphoria and past motor shows all around us driving cars and how they just seem to be just around the corner now that tells me a car makers here are very much preoccupied with the problems of the present and therefore the future seems increasingly uncertain to them as well. thank you very much another one of the pairs more to show that. twenty years ago today the new potsdamer platz was unveiled from a barren and no man's land rose a goal leaning to the center reflecting berlin's new aspirations as the world capital and acting as a symbol in the glass and seal of germany's transformation after very unification
and joining me to talk about that stark a texture of the symbolism the inspiration everything behind the new potsdamer platz i think you can still call it new twenty years because. so take us back to the beginning or at least the most recent beginning how did this new democrats come about you know it goes back twenty years actually before that because it was unveiled twenty years ago so we have to go back to the early ninety's so just after german reunification and the german government which was at the time planning its move from bomb to berlin to make berlin the new capital of germany the new world capital of germany and they looked at the space which was the no man's land between east and west berlin potsdamer platz which used to be the center of the city back before the war but now was almost completely devastated and they decided to rebuild it but they didn't want to rebuild it to just restore it to how it was before the war they want to recreate it really to make it i don't know really
a symbol of the aspirations and hopes for this new reunited germany and twenty years ago today this is what they came up with take a look. three skyscrapers modest in size and you know and i can't change cutting edge protect the twenty first century version over time of traps the scars of the post of visible but you do have to look quite closely this double line of coke and stones marks the position of the berlin wall a few segments of the old war have been pushing to give tourists a history lesson but not everybody needs one. so we were here my wife and i were here and we're making certain wire here and you know it was very very different of course we went to. places where we could see over the wall we could see the spirits of going out here in part summer parts so it's very interesting we come back forty seven years later to see. all the
developments on maury. povich democrats was already power so you can live life back in the one nine hundred twenty s. until the second world war it was europe's busiest square when the berlin wall went up in one thousand nine hundred sixty one points from the plants became part of the no man's land border. the first segments of the war were removed just a few days after the border opening on nov ninth one thousand nine hundred nine thousands of east germans crossed into west berlin in one thousand nine hundred fourth the complete redevelopment of the site and put some of plants became the biggest building site in europe it officially opened in ninety eight and was completed two years later a new city within the city with a four billion euro price tag the sony center still retains its original name although its ownership has changed several times some of plants is a big draw for villages and tourists alike flock here night and day.
so is it a success that scott yeah i do you're a bit not a big fan of tough summer plots. i guess it depends what you what you mean by success but we can argue about whether or not it's it's attractive some people find a kitchen and some people buy the ugly and you find that ugly we talked about this just before the show but if you want to say what they were what they're trying to do was create a new center for a new germany i think they sort of did that i mean it's. when it was when it was built i remember a lot of people arguing oh this is nothing like berlin it's too big it's too new it's too shiny and it doesn't represent the city which at the time if you remember going back that far. berlin seemed like a really small provincial city and this thing didn't this this huge new center didn't seem to fit but i think in the twenty years since i mean for me it's a bit like the field of dreams thing you know if you build it they will come it was built it had this image of what the berlin could be and the last twenty years you
know the tourists of the artists of the hipsters and i think berlin now looks a lot more like potsdamer platz then than they did twenty years ago and it's a fair point there's a lot of development going on in the city especially now and it's interesting to see the progression also of opinions because i think at the time there were a lot of germans and berliners who were highly critical of the architecture how as it stood the test of time would you say yeah i think so i would argue that at least i mean a lot of people are critical they say it's quite ugly it's not it's not cutting edge and it probably isn't a cutting edge architecture but i think what they did at the time was quite interestingly quite new at the time in stead of trying to create sort of an oblong ghar architecture that would wow everybody renzo piano the italian architect who oversaw the development he tried to create a living center for the city tried to design the area so that people would use it and that's definitely been the case i mean compare it to something like. some of
the buildings in. london the canary wharf for example which looks great but it's dead on the weekend because everyone leaves the office buildings and the streets are empty pasar pot is a living center peoples are there night and day it's like one hundred thousand visitors. a day go through potsdamer platz and that model of creating sort of a living center has been used in other cities the half on city in a creek create an area of their city doesn't look anything like pots and pots but uses the same ideas and now you're seeing in london around the battersea factory creating a whole new center and using a lot of the ideas that came from potsdamer platz. to sort of recreate sort of a living living heart within within the marriage of the city and i think we really owe that to the ideas beyond possible and if our viewers want to find out a little bit more about potsdamer platz they can yes on the web site always d w dot com slash culture scott roxboro thank you so much.
and before we go now just a quick reminder of the top stories that we have been following for you indonesia has raised the death toll from last week's earthquake to more than twelve hundred survivors meanwhile have begun looting shops for food after not eating for several days as people in many towns have criticised the government's response to the sastre slow. and with that you're up to date now on g.w. news my name is tara kelley coming to you from berlin this hour we have to take a short break but when we come back my colleague enough money will have the latest headlines thank you so much for watching don't forget the wrong social media where the conversation continues you can follow us on twitter facebook and instagram have a great day.
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