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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  October 3, 2018 8:00am-8:31am CEST

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check in with the whip special. take a tour of germany state by state. on t.w. dot com. this is d w news coming to you live from berlin survivors of indonesia's earthquake are battling thirst hunger and trauma. and they are being cited house by myself maybe goes with my parents mr know with me i'm going to leave as the death toll surpasses thirteen hundred and our correspondent visits one of the thousands of families made homeless by the disaster and reports on their efforts to get what
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they need to stay alive also coming up germany parts of unity day twenty eight years after reunification how beat all the divisions between east and west. flow i'm sorry march and welcome to the program survivors of last week's earthquake and tsunami in indonesia are facing their fifth day with little food and water some aid is trickling into the region but the government admits the relief effort is slow and blames widespread damage to infrastructure and a lack of fuel. and heartache reports from palu. all morning nordin has been running from one government distribution center to another but he keeps being turned away the aid is being taken to other places there's food and water in
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this truck do you know where they're going. i don't know what we do know is all the aid from this place is going to the main relief center. he shows us a whole list of things he desperately needs for himself and his family twenty four people had signed in stamp but he still ends up with nothing. i registered and started hearing yesterday but i was told to come back today. when i was here early in the morning they told me i had come to the wrong place. they should i should have gone to a different distribution center. at distribution centers like this one all around the city people are lining up to get supplies but because cordon nation of aid distribution is still an issue many end up empty handed. like noureddine he takes me home to meet his family they've all been living under a tarp since the earthquake especially the children are traumatized.
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but i suppose even when there is no grass quake or aftershock i always feel like the ground is moving i'm really afraid then i realize there is no earthquake because i'm so afraid i'm imagining it i feel like it's always moving i'm scared to go inside the house by myself i only go with my parents if they're not with me i won't go in to this house i see. they're telling me they're running low on food and drinking water it's the smallest to suffer the most many of the children are sick and hungry the youngest is only one month old. my baby isn't in very good health at the moment she has a rash because of the heat we need milk diapers medicine and other things for her. new orleans family are not alone in their fear and despair all over paul and
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thousands are camping out and supplies are scarce at every turn. nowhere is this more obvious than at the city's gas stations. the distribution of the valuable commodity is heavily guarded. prices at this regulated pump are as always but on the black market gas sells for up to five times as much fuel is a lifeline. some people here have been waiting for seven hours just to get five liters of gas they need it not only to power their motor bikes and cars but also generators that create electricity so they can charge for example their mobile phones to stay in touch and receive updates on the situation from the authorities the lines here are endless at the moment we're at number seven hundred eighty nine and there are many more canisters and serif here is the one writing the numbers on them but at the moment he can't because his pen has run out. yet another hick up if
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ever so slight in their attempt to organize the chaos. but with more help promised the people here hope they can soon start to rebuild their ravaged lives. in jakarta max are essential supplies now getting through to the people in the region. well yeah i think certainly there have been. mourning the president flew in. late today for the second visit to the affected area and there was reports of at least seven cargo planes flying into kabul which is of course the epicenter we supplies from the central government but again as we've. made u.t.c. in terms of ongoing shortages of food water. and medical supplies.
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we've heard in the last couple of days that indonesia has made itself available to far tonight which is a significant development and certainly a bunch of governments including the european union have dedicated significant it's now up to the international fora jesus you just saw it how these funding and support will be used as we saw in our report some people are finding it difficult to get their hands on the aid why is the government finding it so hard to get help to the survivors. well already says a regional area of indonesia. usually infrastructure was not good to start with and certainly the airport was was damaged in the earthquake so getting in and out of hollywood these extremely difficult i. mean there's a lot of people if they have the resources who want to leave with their families
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however this is very difficult at the moment it seems that the only white out is is via military. police finds otherwise is the name for some six hours fraud so certainly getting in and out in these very difficult and this is being managed by the military but again access he says is the key challenge here i'm. most of the casualties we're hearing about indeed most of the information we're getting is coming from urban centers like apollo what about the outlying areas. sure. it's estimated that around one point five million people are living in the affected area. around five days off the sauce we don't really have much information from don't go out and. areas which aren't hundreds of people again this is. a key infrastructure an act
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that it's finally decimated. extremely wiring of course we've had the latest update on the death toll and this is still not including is. more remote pod. and something that we keep watching. thank you very much for that was journalist max talking to us from jakarta. now to some of the other stories making news around the world today u.s. tax authorities say they are investigating allegations that donald trump helped his family dog millions of dollars in taxes this after a report in the new york times citing what it says is a huge probe of tax records largely from the u.s. president's father fred the white house has slammed the report as misleading. iraq has a new president kurdish moderate barham saleh was elected in
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a parliamentary vote after months of political deadlock iraq's presidency is a largely ceremonial post but it's a key step towards forming a new government which the country has not head since inconclusive national elections in may. and thousands of marched in mexico city to mark the fiftieth anniversary of a massacre of students by the army up to four hundred people were killed in october nine hundred sixty eight when soldiers opened fire on a political rally in mexico has not prosecuted anyone in connection with the deaths . now it's been twenty eight years since the reunification of east and west germany the german capital is marking the event with three days of festivities the w.'s catheters took to the capital streets to find out what the third of october means to people in germany today. when the war came down a quarter of all germans were not yet born or like me they were too young to feel any connection to this important event anyone who wasn't there back then can now
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relive history here in berlin at the origin of the locations along this two point five kilometer stretch the wire ran right in front of the right stack visitors can learn more about the fall of the berlin wall and the time after that on a tour through their government district and some can cost them minds back. well that was very emotional. yes we all cried trouble he's starting to do so now for months artist new figures that should never be forgotten many families were torn apart and many were reunited with german reunification it was a great party test vodou an insane piece of history here you're right in middle of it just an indescribable feeling even with all these charities here and bits of the wall you still can't imagine it's. david hasselhoff song looking for freedom to him
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a free union is the only thing i remember. the fact that i and others who were children in the west at least can recall much goes to show how incredible those events were it was a peaceful revolution on the ninth of november east germany east its travel restrictions to the west faced with mass demonstrations east german gotz open the border us. what followed was a unique period in history the eleven months between the fall of the wall and the form of the reunification of east and west germany shown in this exhibition called half time it was a time in between two political systems and two societies both what's met here in berlin a city that was no longer divided but also not yet fully reunited. finally on the third of october one thousand nine hundred ninety germany was formally read unified the brandenburg gate and still the iconic symbol of that moment for three
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days this installation by street artist j. r. is a reminder of when the war came down this year's party is less about celebrating and more about remembering this is it's good that we think of it today or on the third because we have a democracy that we have to defend it which is in danger right now. if you have the awareness that what we have is not a given that we have a united country you can't take freedom for granted and you have to keep that in mind especially today nasa says well it's our history and our history is part of our identity and we should always be aware of that. i think there are still differences be only find out about them when you start talking to people especially . today of the third or fourth told us our national holiday for many it's just a day off for no special reason to celebrate perhaps that's because reunification
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isn't simply a beauty first story there's a feeling of freedom yes but also the aftereffects of division which you can feel like no way. and to talk about where we are today twenty eight years later i'm joined here in the studio by veteran german journalist good morning venom morning to our twenty eight years says east and west germany were officially reunited but a recent poll by the group shows that only one in three eastern germans feel that the country has actually grown more united since nine hundred ninety is are things really that well if you would travel as a foreigner or from west germany to use germany you would see a difference that does not views affect on the contrary germany has been rebuilt great way and you can see it everywhere and the prime minister of the next sonia of the largest state in east germany has said this is the best germany that we have
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ever had yet it is obviously true that as a thick dark cloud hanging over this day and how would you describe the cloud. well it is not easy to explain because the vast majority of is germans are doing much much much better than they did thirty years ago that is an obvious fact yet. growing minority i have to stress a growing minority of things that have been left behind you see this phenomenon here and you see it also in the united states it's basically just same sentiment that you find there and here especially of course it is the white people against everything else that's a very strong sentiment in east germany. but what do you think that's stronger in the eastern germany that it is in western germany because we're looking to eastern germany and we're seeing the far right party gaining
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a spur strong foothold in eastern germany it's much stronger there than it is in western germany is support for that to be linked to a feeling of being disenfranchised in the east definitely but you see not just in east germany by the way you see a growing sentiment all over germany and that is if you get a growing gap between the so-called political establishment and the people and the same phenomenon that you have in the u.s. by the way but it is especially strong in east germany and that is one very important reason for the relative success of these local to the party which basically for many people is a protest movement to protest against those. those elites i mean that's the key word and you find that much stronger in east germany in the west but it's also there in west germany so you've mentioned racism as
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a factor in eastern germany you've mentioned also this. against the elites the perceived elites if nothing else and in the west what about real differences in terms of. wages and eastern germans being represented in top positions in germany is that discrimination or what's behind discrimination discrimination is too big a word but the fact is that of course. all major german industry. have their headquarters in west germany there's no doubt about that but that doesn't mean that nothing is getting produced and is germany b.m.w.'s producing and . producing and live you have kind of a silicon valley. so there is industry but not enough and and the kubert you are for for everything that is ailing the people in germany is recognition or the lack of recognition i think that is the key and a lot of people in east germany do feel the not really recognized what they have
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achieved over the past thirty use thank you so much for better insurance journalist . thank you for having me. now scientists have successfully landed an observation device on an asteroid german french probe named mascot was launched on a japanese rocket forty years ago as part of an effort to find clues about the origin of the solar system. to space crafts journey took three and a half years only making the final approach in recent weeks. finally the critical moment is at hand the mothership drops mask gently towards the asteroid surface mascot's lightweight help i'm sure it wouldn't be damaged by the impact but it had to land on a flat surface to unpack it so. and get to work. my
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colleagues and i attach the camera to the module the most exciting thing for me is the first image when you see what's up there it's like you were there yourself. hundreds of researchers worked for months to find the perfect landing spot it had to offer something of interest for everyone but it couldn't be too hot or too cold so that mask its batteries didn't run out and it could send the most out of possible. asteroids like real who are like exhibits from our deepest past they've been around more than four and a half billion years formed from the same cloud of matter that made the planets the original materials have remained a furtively unchanged and asteroids this kilometer long chunk of rock is interesting to scientists for another reason too. because its trajectory crosses the earth's orbit it could someday collide with the earth. and that's something we very much like to prevent. if you know exactly how
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it's composed then you could think whether to give it a little push away change its rotation for instance so that it would fly past earth in the end the. mascot is barely bigger than a shoe box but it's loaded up with high tech instruments they'll be put to use now figuring out the composition of reuse surface inside mascot is a kind of flywheel that will help the module hop around a real boost surface and investigate but mascot doesn't have much time its batteries are only expected to last sixteen hours the first pictures are expected to arrive back on earth in the coming days. to the champions league now and by a minute had to settle for a one one draw at home last night against i.x. the game got off to
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a dream start for bion with defender months homo's heading by and in front of her just four minutes it was his first goal for the club in almost a year but all but after twenty two minutes i.x. tied the score through news. rai the right back put it past month well neuer and that how it ended. when listen three games while i axed top champions league group on goal difference. it was even worse for hoffenheim who went down to a late goal to lose two one at home to manchester city in their first ever home match in the group stage hoffenheim scored after just a minute but have you again soon equalized and with time ticking away scored the winner over to helena knowing growing concerns about italy's debt crisis absolutely terry you remember of course last week the italian economy in the hot seat after the government announced plans to increase the public deficit sparking
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concerns in brussels and now claudio board gave the economic head over the routing leaked party said the country would be better off leaving the euro zone altogether but it's how the prime minister tzipi conte was quick to counter that taking to facebook to state that those comments were not the position of the government as a whole all the same the prospect of italy having its own currency once again was enough to see the euro slide to a six week on tuesday. it's traditional to visit to the room to throw coins into the trophy fountain and make you wish. three times a week the city drains the fountain of money. the cash collected goes to help people in need. the italian government can do with filling its own coffers right now next year the country already in debt is set to run a deficit of two point four percent of g.d.p. as announced by the coalition of the right wing euro skeptic northern league party
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and the populist five star movement. the previous administration had targeted a deficit of their zero point eight percent but those non-power have dismissed criticism from the e.u. thought a matting to retreat from two point four percent would mean saying to a tell us you will not retire we won't raise your pension we won't compensate those who were cheated by the banks and were not establishing a basic income but we won't go back an inch and if necessary we'll explain this economic budget in public squares. the nor the league's economic spokesman claudio border he claimed on monday but it did he could solve most of its problems with his own currency the euro has since come under pressure. a rise in the interest on government bonds saw them close to reaching a four year high prime minister just a picante has now affirmed his country's commitment to the euro all of the markets do not appear convinced. and more on this we can bring in a guy miller he's the chief economist at zurich insurance mr miller tell your
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borges said if they were the better off leaving the eurozone prompting the euro to fall to a six week low a serious consequence that but how seriously should we take his comments. well that makes good headlines but i think the reality is highly unlikely clearly were italy to try and leave the euro and it would be a prohibited the expense of they would result in italian assets selling off dramatically and unfortunately put italy into a tailspin leading to a severe recession and what happens to italy and what is bad for it is also bad for the euro zone's that would have grave consequences in the euro zone and globally. i mean you say that it's highly unlikely but we do have to recognize the fact that it's a he has a rebellious and you're a skeptic government so surely you must be treating the prospect of the needing the eurozone as a risk and wouldn't the consequences be catastrophic. absolutely the consequences would be catastrophic i think you're also right in terms of saying this new
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government is much less predictable but i think there's a difference between rhetoric and reality i think what we've seen really in the last week since the latest budget deficit was announced we've seen spreads versus. versus government bonds really ballooned to more than three hundred basis points and that's an issue for the cost of carrying that huge amount of debt that at least bill has and is a big issue for the italian banks which are still very vulnerable and talking about the issue of public day these public deficit that criticism from you was young wrong to criticize that because it is within the current limits that increase in the italian deputy prime minister. accuses you of pushing out rooms cost of borrowing by likening italy to greece to his right in this particular spot well i think the deficit surprised the markets and it surprised investors generally given what the finance minister had been speaking about in the weeks before when
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you had to speaking about potentially a one point six percent deficit you saw spreads come in the financial markets were rewarding what was deemed to be a conservative and reasonable budget deficit target the trouble is the budget deficit is two point four percent for each of the next three years that is likely to actually push up debt to g.d.p. the reason that the finance minister and others are saying it's ok because there are groups assumptions italy is much higher than i think reality will be so all depends on how well it's lee does briefly italy is the second most indebted nation in the eurozone how much of a risk does it pose to the overall health of the currency bloc countries like germany for example. i think it's a huge risk because the financial into linkages are incredible are vast they're bigger than they were the financial crisis and eurozone crisis the target two mechanism means that all your own countries are intertwined and therefore what
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matters to italy doesn't matter for germany it doesn't matter for the rest of the euro zone and i think any move any further talk about leaving the euro zone i think would lead to financial disruption potentially risk the growth dynamic of eurozone which is still pretty good so important to watch what is said as much as what it is down when it comes to the health of the year is then going out and chief economist at zurich insurance good to have your perspective. well the italian government has found one way to bring in some extra cash it's just auctioned off this ultra fast five g. frequencies raking in an unexpected six dollars billion euros that's well over two and a half times more and it had hoped for vodafone italy and telecom italia say that committed around two point four billion euros between them this surprise income is a boon for rome meanwhile other countries are planning similar auctions with germany set to sell off its fifth generation frequencies next spring.
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and a reminder now of the top story we're following for you survivors of last week's earthquake and tsunami in indonesia facing death face day with little food and water some aid is trickling into the region but the government admits the relief effort is low and blames widespread damage to infrastructure and a lack a few. days ago you can always get the news on the go just download up from google play or from the apple store that'll give you access to the latest news from around the world as well as push notifications for any breaking news you can also use it to send us your photos and videos you are of course watching the news from valen i'm at home free plenty more coming up at the top of the hour next here company and do join us there.
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rio de janeiro's kids because in the crossfire. police and drug gangs are engaged in ongoing battles in rio's for their lives. and often it's the most vulnerable members of society who suffer the most. the children of israel. three thousand next d.w. .
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move stories about motivational change makers taking their destinies into their non hands. d.-w. is a multimedia series from africa. d.w. dot com africa. well come to global three thousand japan has an aging population and a labor shortage but women still struggle to break into male dominated industries. in kabul afghanistan a mobile library is a safe haven for children and welcome respite from the hardship of everyday life. children in the favelas of brazil meanwhile.


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