Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film - Bombs for the World - How Germany Profits from Wars and Crises  Deutsche Welle  October 17, 2018 9:15pm-10:00pm CEST

9:15 pm
to detect marijuana will likely have to be retired. that's up today it's more of course around the clock on the web sites more at the top of it off with frank off the road to. peace in germany to learn german. published in the. why not learn with him online along immobile and free to suffer from the w e learning course.
9:16 pm
here in northern germany the german armed forces the bundle is holding it's open day. fun and games for the entire family say the organizes and a chance for the arms industry to show off its web as especially for munitions john trine mittal there is hardly a german weapons project that does not involve drawing machad by. the german company goes back a long way and this is one of its main locations. five thousand kilometers away bombs are being dropped on civilians in a war that makes a mockery of international law and despite apparently strict export rules ryan metron is making a killing out of it. says quite rapidly that if cities are expanding.
9:17 pm
and they all get past this as well it will drop to the bottom this is an infamous game with dubious roles in terms of legality ethics and morality what would you call it out of the dutch attention or german technology and expertise are being used to deal in death we have to do all we can to stop this. every two years the british capital attracts military delegations from around the world they come to the london docklands to attend the d.s. . fact their countries may be at war with each other but here they can bury the hatchet while they buy new weapons. one of the biggest stands of the trade
9:18 pm
fam belongs to ron matal germany's leading arms manufacturer who does hold off base company sells three billion euros worth of military equipment tanks cannons simulation systems guns and ammunition. shells for mortar launchers psaltery guns tanks and ordinance on display like precious museum exhibits looking so shiny and pretty that an observer could forget that these instruments of death. many of those inside all familiar with this man on the outside andrew feinstein international arms trade expert and former south african parliamentarian he's not allowed in fortunately my name is well known to you all but nice is of the office for and so i'm never granted a tradition to come inside the sphere since he uncovered the huge arms scandal in his country he has been operating from london for his. unsafety his research also
9:19 pm
focuses on german arms exports germany plays a role through the export of weapons especially into regions that are unstable where there is conflict where there is repression. most obviously to day the middle east and plays a role in ensuring that those conflicts are remarkably bloody. like the campaign in yemen it was originally touted as a short aerial intervention led by saudi arabia to defeat the militias who were allegedly terrorizing the country. more than a thousand days later there's been no sign of a let up the who thieves have put up stiffer resistance than expected and the saudis and their allies have responded by raising much of yemen to the ground they bombed schools hospitals and residential areas they destroyed infrastructure and apparently aim to starve the country into submission it's a war that's claimed thousands of lives and led to
9:20 pm
a humanitarian catastrophe. going by the book the german arms industry should have nothing to do with this war. for example it is forbidden by german law to export arms to countries where they can be used to disturb the peace is explored as the german security and defense industry we completely accept that. there are ways and means to turn a profit there all the same one of those ways is by an island in the mediterranean familiar to many germans as a holiday destination. mado
9:21 pm
pilly is one of saddam is best known politicians he was regional president before he was elected to the italian parliament and run a politician who conducts a lot of his research personally including research into ryan met top. it all began just over two years ago when he got a tip off that something incredible was happening at kalyani apple by planes full of vacationers land and take off. that he stays at this area here was full of bombs it was quite a show of course the people who saw it got excited that the countless bombs being loaded onto a cargo plane demanded a crisis for them the bhowmik i got there when they got a call. these are photos of the operation the weapons of war being loaded up next to the tourist carriers. u.s.
9:22 pm
general purpose bombs from the mock eighty series being loaded onto a plane belonging to silk way and azerbaijani and one that specializes in transporting weapons to crisis hit regions. what was going on. we got his boss that the only answer i got was from the operators and here port evil yaml who said that all the flights were authorized that they do all these but chief no further details both liberal and i asked the same question in parliament and was told the same thing that is and that it that the flights were authorized. this was official confirmation that bombs were being transported by the dust bowl to the bomb but. the bombs are assembled here in rural sod india about forty five kilometers west of. in a valley near the town of the almost no less is an unassuming looking factory that makes bombs by the thousands. it belongs to
9:23 pm
a company called wm italia the abbreviation stands for rhine mittal weapon and munition and it is a one hundred percent subsidiary of german arms manufacturer brian mitchell. but it got their days this is a german factory on italian territory that makes a deadly product bombs that are sold all over the world by a measurement here germany is exploiting it disadvantage area the switches with its high unemployment i don't hear arms are being manufactured for huge profit but a brute i did not is what is happening in this area. but where of the bombs made by ryan matal insaan tinea deployed in twenty fifteen an employee of the n.g.o.s human rights watch snapped these photographs of bomb components.
9:24 pm
they were found in sabah in northern yemen city with a population of fifty thousand shortly after a saudi bombing raid. the bomb bears a code number that indicates the type of aman and its origin. the italian island of sardinia. when queried ryan mittal into. the n.s.a. and code thirteen twenty five fifteen one five zero fifty eight twenty four indicates that it was made by w.-m. italian gradually a coherent picture is emerging he seems to sequester the chain obviously lots of people said nothing yeah i know first the government in rome. in the regional government and anyone else who knew what was going on. because factory. always used
9:25 pm
to make explosives but they were used for civilian purposes ok the plant used to supply the local mines that once existed here in sardinia. but at some stage the factory was repurposed more or less secretly. kwesi. central berlin in may twenty seventeen protesters take to the streets to demonstrate against ron metal as it holds its annual shareholders meeting. but despite let's be clear i never buy shares and run mattel to make a profit is guilty of complicity with arms exports and with murder throughout the world. mount. works for an italian foundation he is part of a network that buys ryan mittal shands not for the dividend but to ask difficult questions at shareholder meetings he has heard that ryan mittal plans to invest heavily in its factory and sought india. to move together for these i would like to
9:26 pm
ask why these facilities are being expanded in domo snow in the us. we read that there is going to be a new testing range we don't understand exactly what is going on what is being tested and what for which weapons. and where these weapons being exported to. these have often exposed to it. at previous annual meetings of rye mental photographs were allowed these are from twenty fifteen. this show rahmatullah chairman. and behind him the other directors and supervisory board members now photos are prohibited when the chairman gets up to talk business his message to this meeting all the trends point to growth especially for rime atol defense the weapons.
9:27 pm
sales of almost three billion euros in twenty sixteen fourteen percent year on year growth and a new order for munitions to the tune of four hundred eleven million euros. the destination is in one of the most conflict torn regions in the world the middle east and north africa ryan matal won't say exactly which country has placed the order. be fun what did you make of the numbers. at the moment the company is in good shape and it was all very correct and democratic perfect but what did you do well the dividend is not bad at all it's certainly better than the interest the local bank pays it doesn't all the you that bombs made by rahmatullah being used in yemen at least a dozen other maybe. that's the wrong question if bombs are being dropped there it's not right mattel dropping them to the powers the shareholders meeting it was good good but what did you like in particular because the whole atmosphere the
9:28 pm
whole package is i'm tight we thought what did you make of the numbers they presented yes promising sorry i have to catch my bus did some was that does it bother you that bombs made by rahmatullah being dropped in yemen. does not everything is put to the right use but there are positives to buy for now qantas. motto major lotto now has confirmation that the plantain sobbed india is growing in importance for run mittal. you flog a new boat. they answered some of our questions about plans to expand the plant and don't most know of us so i'm good stock that they said they would invest seventeen to twenty million euros in two thousand and seventeen and the same again in two thousand and eighteen. also we don't. know of us. is
9:29 pm
a small town with high unemployment and the dwindling population business is booming for one fun run mentalist bomb factory. it is dramatic that this is a business based on death. the more people are killed the more weapons are bought macone the more you kill it the more weapons you need it's a perverse mechanism that a democratic state should not tolerate neither for moral nor economic reasons. but have come this small town in southern sadhana play such a big role in the international arms trade let's take a look at a complicated contract from twenty twelve that formed the basis for a major export do. the saudi arabian defense ministry orders bombs from us from raytheon its british subsidiary subcontracts the rime a town subsidiary w.-m.
9:30 pm
italia to produce them contract is worth more than sixty three million euros. the order was delivered from dormice nov us to jeddah islamic seaport from where it was taken to the end customer the royal saudi air force this contract ran until mid twenty seventeen and covered thousands of m.k. eighty three bombs. since the start of the saudi a campaign in yemen in twenty fifteen at the very latest it is being doubtful whether the arms exports are in line with italian law. is that the deep vein these are sales to a country at war two a conflict that has been condemned by the united nations a numerous occasions the italian constitution which condemns war and a law on arms exports totally. prohibit this kind of export. how is it
9:31 pm
possible for ryan metal to export bombs from sandton into saudi arabia nonetheless when asked the italian defense minister said it had nothing to do with. these are not italian bonds they are covered by a contract signed by a us firm that subcontracted a german firm. that company has factories in italy. numerous written queries to the italian government went. who then is responsible for the bombs exported by germany's biggest alms manufacturer. in berlin the federal security council meets in secret to decide what. can go ahead made up of the chancellor and important ministers bases its decisions on the government's political principles which say supplying weapons of war shall not be
9:32 pm
approved to countries involved in armed conflict or when there is a danger of such a conflict breaking out. a flexible principle as the latest figures show twenty seventeen the german government did indeed approve oms exports to some countries that don't meet the requirements german companies exported munitions worth four hundred twenty eight million euros to egypt two hundred forty nine million euros worth to saudi arabia two hundred fourteen million to the united arab emirates in the late one nine hundred eighty s. when helmut kohl was chancellor his defense minister rupert shots of the christian democratic union was a member of the federal security council the former law professor knows the legal and political ramifications of arms exports. it's a grey area here's one example. patrol boats to saudi arabia intended for police
9:33 pm
border controls that has nothing to do with the military or military purposes however if the intention is to deploy them for military purposes they do need approval according to legislation governing the weapons of war in other words it's a grey area. grey area or not there should be no question about exports to saudi arabia for the war in yemen. if arms can be used or intended for use in wars of aggression or for measures that would disturb the peace as the law stipulates then the federal german government is duty bound to refuse to approve their export time the german economic ministry has to say about the bomb sold by iran mittal the matter you describe the assumption is that the export of arms took place from italy in this regard german law petain suddenly to exports from germany is very easy for
9:34 pm
the german authorities to say these particular munitions and equipment are being produced in italy their responsibility of the italians to regulate the italians on the other hand. and therefore. that the. kingdom and it is in this way that the global trade in weapons remains less regulated than the global trade. some deals were approved by neither the italian nor the german government run the town has found another way around the regulations this time by south africa. since the days of apartheid the country has had a powerful arms industry with close ties to politicians. one of the few politicians who lost critical questions about this is copus maher a of the opposition party democratic alliance in twenty sixteen he got an entire turnkey arms factory had
9:35 pm
been exported to saudi arabia. he was concerned that you know said saudi arabia has got a good record in terms of human rights and suppression of human rights especially women and then you know the perception that they are supporting isis and even some rebel forces in yemen and other countries it is in conflict zones and we were concerned that whatever gets manufactured they. you know can be used directly or in directly in those in those areas the government did not respond to questions about reportedly unchecked use of the arms factory which added to my raise concern. that we not convinced at all i think as i stated in the in a previous in earlier that bin anything can be used and sometimes in the future so
9:36 pm
it's a saudi company now so it makes it even more difficult to monitor and control because they would tell us probably i suspect but be doing is not good nothing to do with you we don't use your products to manufacture anything. despite the fact that your original plan. was manufactured and installed by us for. fifty kilometers east of cape town on the way to the somerset west township is the headquarters of the company that built the factory it's a huge complex with tight security a site of national strategic importance which is why filming is actually prohibited to watch transparent familiar blue logo batch of rime atop this branch is called the now munition audi m m presents itself as a premium manufacturing. precision.
9:37 pm
battle tested you see where every detail. with its mission critical there is no. compromise. this is where they should stay in. their ultimate. sun transmissions for. shooters limited to now munition audi aim is mainly an export driven company and they are one of the most successful companies in south africa they have got a ten off of billions. every year they employ over two thousand people and they all crying at quite
9:38 pm
a phenomenal rate defect trees all even running double shifts because they're also busy if any one of us that because success stories on the defense industry side. the story began a decade ago when run motown started a joint venture with the state run south african company denounced. in two thousand and eight two formidable forces joined a south african and the now and germany's run matal defense efficiency and quality meant brine matal danell munition was all there had been constant scandals around the nail. the whole of south africa's military infrastructure is constantly embroiled in scandal so its origins were criminal and its practices since then have
9:39 pm
remained criminal to be in partnership with a company that is a state owned enterprise in south africa means that you are effectively engaging in. the corruption that is taking. today. we're back in northern germany in a village of three thousand five hundred residents. is the center of business with bombs and bullets it's also home to the biggest shooting range in europe. the subsidiary which owns the plant and south africa is headquartered. people who like to talk about. dealings a brawl as. it's my job to look after the interests of the municipality of suit and we are very happy to have a company like ryan with so many jobs. the
9:40 pm
economic factor for our community is very important. has the manner of suit to which belongs i'm the chairman of the local council agree that activity question. i'm afraid i cannot help. very very rarely hear criticism. but there is one place in. does come in for criticism the local church one sunday in june the lutheran churches peace commissioner has come to to lend his support to the local pasta. i've just come from. for the local parish pastor it's a sensitive issue because many in his community work there. we have to make clear we have a position against this. that will be the challenge of today's service. without
9:41 pm
rejecting the people themselves and even going to mention it. i know tobar nailed to the cross the death like piece itself sacrificed sold nailed to the cross. you decide yes we christians are always good and devout to keep our heads down and stay out of trouble that's the best way to get through life how one of the suspects to see i have a lot of respect for anyone attending today's service it is difficult for the parish pastor so it is difficult because many people i don't know if they are here today even rely on the factory for a living still we think something is wrong we must draw the consequences of consequences. that's easier said than done for many people in a town that has been producing alms for nearly one hundred twenty years and where
9:42 pm
the church until the one nine hundred ninety s. was called the soldiers memorial church. your feelings can get in the decision to rename this church the peace church didn't go down well with everyone has i mean there were ryan mattel employees who left the church because of it. period the local christian democrats say the church's position is not my business. and they want us as a day could visit the middle meet again in my opinion it's the church's business this is the for us it's important to have a strong economy here and to creating keep jobs to encourage people to live here. and prefer coom here to fault the town of going to loose is proud of this company. and as long as it obeys the law we don't have a problem with it as i listen because you have are made so. much of.
9:43 pm
the u.n. base didn't want to lose as a majority stake in the plant in somerset west what it produces that is covered by south africa. in theory africa has very regulations on what can be exported and imported and it is first keep track of all the items that are going out of the country but the problem with that is that there is no record at all of things like factories cities that all exported so we've seen. two to which countries has exported their. factories exporting entire factories is an important aspect of body m's business strategy. impressive product food for you includes the comprehensive artillery suite in the world we also empower our
9:44 pm
clients with to keep plant engineering solutions. all in all. nations says it has exported a total of thirty nine arms factories the german boss of the rhine metal subsidiary panels the fact that these factories are now clients to make that went. ns. but it is hard to find out who the customers being. south africa actually are. what is known is that the ryman town subsidiary was involved in the construction of a factory in the united arab emirates and the one in saudi arabia. a group of syrian hackers released confidential documents including a secret document on a bid for a filling plant each shift was to produce hundreds of shells and multiples as well as bombs of the types m.k. eighty two and k. eighty four and warheads for launch missiles.
9:45 pm
the document appears real with a trove of technical details and plans for a turnkey factory. it's incredibly dangerous because if in german companies not controlling production how do they know walking norms of being it hit in this production process they've effectively sold the production process. they effectively saying especially if it's into a region like the middle east they're effectively saying do what you want. virus santini and south africa germany's run mentality is arming the military coalition in yemen with bombs from the mediterranean time of factories from cape town saudi arabia united arab emirates are among the customers and egypt as we discovered where an arms factory is on the completion. egypt
9:46 pm
a country where hopes for democracy after the arab spring were put down with guns about tom's where dissidents simply disappear. where the military has seized back power and general abdel fattah el-sisi rules with an iron fish. if it's especially in the city it's the man in charge of egypt is mr el see seen too many compatriots say is even worse than mubarak egypt is also taking part in the yemen war by helping with marine patrols i don't think we should accept this so it's effectively undermining south africa's democracy at the same time as being able to get weapons into destinations that might be completely undemocratic that might be engaged in conflict as. we wanted to ask about the allegations and find out about all the other factories but nobody wanted to talk with german
9:47 pm
media insisting that it was a south african company but it belongs to a german company flies a german flag at the factory gate and has a german box name nor that shorts. the rime metal headquarters and does hold off was also unwilling to tell us what countries its foreign subsidiaries export to the press department issued a statement saying exports by r.d.m. from south africa a carrier. out in accordance with the country's laws we cannot comment on possible customer relations for reasons of competition and in part due to contractual obligations. to use its foreign activities to circumvent german regulations we spoke to the industry federation. of the federation of the german security and defense industry. our first priority is german arms exports which keeps us busy and will do so in the future. issues with the previous government and we expect to have
9:48 pm
them with the next while. other countries where companies operate either alone or as part of joint ventures have other rules i can't tell from here whether they exploit that. is also president of the federation he declined several invitations to take part in an interview for this report. a presentation on the strategic targets of the arms of munitions division the thinking behind the overseas activities one stated goal is to free the company from german export regulations and ensure profitability the two key locations are. projected to reach the one hundred million euro mark in the medium term south africa. during crease annual sales to two hundred fifty million euros. toward the
9:49 pm
business of death is growing and the fact that it's not happening here at the wars are taking place somewhere else does not make it any better everyone on this planet has to live with the consequences of these wars leaders talk of fences and walls i find that unacceptable and it must be stopped. in this township in the a me. the synergy of the rhine mentality now munition plant investment from germany is most welcome in the battle with massive unemployment. and. it is critically important that we have to look at ways to create jobs. in a sustainable way that is what run promises in south africa as it plays the nice alms john but does something for poor communities equipping schools even donating
9:50 pm
chemistry sets. it will even get children to be able to do hands on experiments themselves instead of just looking at the pictures and it takes an expecting them to actually understand when it's a practical experiment. very practical and you have the surface for. it really like a real scientists i'd like to see thank you to the convent of the arraignment that i will appreciate what they've done for us we're going to research many things in the conflict we now everything's going to be is we're going to achieve results before we see think you think if they can match we will be with you. in the years to come. right mattel will spend a tiny percentage of the profits they're making in south africa. on improving
9:51 pm
their public image the reality is. but the products that this company. in africa. in many parts of including the middle east. the company does not appear to have any scruples about. sides in an armed conflict . and its allies in the yemeni factories it seems the company also wants to make money. enemy iran which is on the other side in the war in yemen the united nations security council block the sale of air defense missiles from south africa. which. supplies the propellant. we wanted to find out what germany's leaders have to say about the country's largest manufacturer trying to evade german laws. every single member of the
9:52 pm
federal security council from the law. for an interview it's the committee that decides. which is being circumvented by. the germany's leading politicians were not willing to comment on the issue. the same goes for those who moved from politics to. development minister. is now the company's chief. defense minister. recently joined the right supervisor. would give us an interview. credit to the government because they play a role in. defense. policy and. in their public relations. which they differently to
9:53 pm
private companies. frank from germany's financial hub is where stocks are listed the share price has shot up thanks to the money made by south africa. in january twenty seventh. just on the sixty five euros each climbing to almost ninety by media and almost one hundred ten euros by the end of the year that's a rise of more than seventy percent within a year. many analysts recommend investing in. it's like this more conflicts equals a greater need for security more defense expenditure this is indeed that's the chain. and in general the arms companies in different
9:54 pm
ways depending on what's in demand will profit from that. most shareholders probably don't even know that they profit when ryan mittal sells bombs to crisis regions investors with money in the day confound for example the fund which belongs to germany's she. is one of the biggest shareholders. or people with money in investments one major fund did recently decide to divest its run mental shasta. an exception. as long as the majority of investors aren't interested it will only play a minor role for the share price. but people keep on investing in it. because it's maybe the state has to intervene it will.
9:55 pm
we joined parliamentarian model b. lee on his way to collieries contain a pole in search of sardinians ramen tom von essen he has found clues as to who ordered four hundred eleven million euros worth of munitions from ryan metallics italian subsidiary are w.-m. italian saudi arabia. but the government that they've essentially change their strategy they used to fly the bombs out now the ships. we knew that this was the best place from which to take photos of the secret operations with no ban on cameras. from here we recorded what actually happened because of the usually eighteen containers a month were loaded up with one thousand to one thousand five hundred bombs. but i said to me let me get your question to all the people.
9:56 pm
from them and tell me that they were mainly transported by saudi arabian ships three or four belonging to the battery shipping company or navi dock and load up the saudis evidently decided to run the transport themselves additional funding for . the military coalition in yemen needs a lot of bombs by the end of twenty seventeen saudi arabia and its allies had flown more than fifteen thousand air raids according to international experts almost a third of those raids that civilian targets. it's a profitable war even for small investors with shares in germany's biggest arms manufacturer a company that breaks free of german law that manufactures in countries with laxer export rules that finds ways to sell its austin all of destruction in crisis regions with no questions asked is this something society and politicians just have
9:57 pm
to accept in this era. of globalization no say legal experts and analysts at the german parliament the bundestag recently concluded that the law could stipulate that german authorities must give their approval if german citizens abroad help develop will produce alms such a law would at least make it more difficult. but there is no majority for a step like that in the blondest tom. for now run marathons business is completely within the law or in germany a country that prides itself on its lofty principles. create
9:58 pm
yourself with d. w.'s interior design channel on. your legs out. money is right and let me get up to my m.r. so long there's. this week on here max everything's different.
9:59 pm
celebrities calling the shots. in holland but they're creating. your i'm not satisfied. this week on the top. to. come and list all consuming conflict forceable over power and religion. the third turn as a hero to a battlefield. but tenants failed to determine its outcome. in negotiations lasting many years mediators succeeded in reaching agreement. it was the birth of modern diplomacy. sixteen forty eight. to choose starts october twenty fourth on d w.
10:00 pm
this is d.w. news live from berlin with time running out for britain in europe to reach a deal on the solution for now kicking the can down the road european union leaders are meeting in brussels for another go at reaching an amicable agreement for britain to leave the e.u. but the irish border continues to stand in the way we'll go live to.

26 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on