tv Doc Film - Military Industrial Complex - The Business of Defense Part 2 Deutsche Welle October 28, 2018 8:15am-9:00am CET
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right now a soldier is in this tank but soon a weapons company employee might be sitting. military operations a growing ever more expensive in specialized. private defense contractors have taken over many military thomas developments some regard to his dismay. one of the officers comes as a student very system the structure smacks of the mafia. what are muslim values of the politicians or independent ones and sometimes they're like marionettes ago dancing to the tune of the weapons industry but intact in the killing of our war last play in game or these companies are the time that's diametrically opposed to the entrance of our heads of state and government whose duty it normally is to bring wars to a swift and super freak. in
france and germany private defense contractors own just supplying equipment there also providing expertise and personnel. in more and more areas the german armed forces rely on the assistance of private contractors. the eastern german state of saxony it is home to the g. use it one of europe's largest and most modern combat training facilities it's operating by heinemann germany's largest weapons manufacturer and one of the bone dismay as main suppliers so just train here for military operation. a bag.
in the control room employees of a tiny little subsidiary sit side by side with soldiers there recording every action every movement and communication. this is one of the industry as most important training centers military strategy is on show here. and yet a private contractor is playing a crucial role. the german bundesliga benefits from the company's technical expertise for the company. the contract is worth some twenty million euros a year. soon this training center will also be equipped to handle other kinds of military exercises the bundeswehr has expanded the training ground and built a modern urban training center up to one thousand five hundred soldiers at a time will train and house to house combat here but soon there will be more than
five hundred buildings including an industrial area a school and even a prison. in the future every german soldier will receive training here. in new tile is being paid twenty four million euros to modernize the facilities i.t. system so that the new urban training center will be able to use the private contractors own simulation technology. the training center itself is slated to cost some one hundred forty million euros but will remain state property. heineman son has a contract to operate the g. user training center through september twenty nine hundred. from a defense contractor it's a lucrative operation from twenty fourteen to twenty nineteen the deal will have been worth some ninety six million euros and i'm a tile can use the buildings and the soldiers to acquire new clients.
for the private contractor the bundeswehr training center is also a marketing and sales opportunity. foreign representatives come here to be shown the military maneuvers technology and expertise on display and line metallic wires new deals worth millions. journalist g fleet leaks has found out that the armed forces of the united arab emirates have already paid for visits to the combat training center. and some like gotten that see it doesn't start to mr nichols of a cultural soldiers told us that the combat training center is a big trade fair and a successful one there's now a center in the arab middle east and others are interested to the fight of it was said what a surprise thought does all this again raises the question of boundaries when is
the i was going to be to what extent should the borders for support supplying metar in selling advanced technology particularly when we don't know what role this market where you know yemen or syria or in the conflict between iran and saudi arabia who should be unlikely that. the united arab emirates purchased a combat training center in twenty ten. russian delegations have also paid a visit afterwords hine mittal received an order worth one hundred million euro's russia wanted to build a combat training center like the one here in germany in the volga region with german help. in twenty fourteen the ukrainian conflict put a halt to one mittal steel with russia. the german government rescinded the export license according to russian media moscow completed the training center without
german help. kleinman child then demanded compensation from the german government for pulling the plug on a deal the claim has yet to be settled eat. any damage payment would be the taxpayers' expense the german government has confirmed that the claim is under consideration. from twenty fourteen to twenty eighteen cutline sudar served as state secretary in charge of military procurement at the german defense ministry. she believes it's possible to maintain a proper bond between the bundeswehr. the defense industry. doesn't always indians and ok most that ms has all but it's ok as long as you maintain clear boundaries and remain at arm's length with industry not too close but not too
far either because the market isn't that large form yet you also have to stay informed for example if there's a manufacturer where things didn't go well. but then you have to be clear about what's a sales event and when actual content is involved wall the first sources are difficult for a start and that's the core of the business relationship and you need to be able to have that exchange have to say stuff about also told. it's a fifty cent. does this proximity between the german defense ministry the bundeswehr and german military contractors really only serve as a way to exchange information. or is a german government subsidizing the business deals of private industry. young from africa from the german left party says the sale of german combat training technology is also problematic for security reasons. for export get the problem with arms exports is the boomerang effect you sell
weapons to a friendly country and ten or twenty years later those weapons are turned on german soldiers and so that's happening in afghanistan today. palin may twenty seventeen. held its annual meeting in a hotel directly across from the defense ministry the meeting was closed to the press and security missed tight. will put in front of the hotel activists held a demonstration to protest against nine mid times activity particularly its export deals with the middle east and touchy. yes i did i think oh anyone who buys a primer stock for profit is complicit in arms exports and death all over the world . but a happen is among the activists she owns one share of one with time and this
participating is what's called a critical shareholder as a shareholder she's allowed to attend the annual meeting in the big. valley taggett davids who got off the plane mittal admits that it profits from the many crises and wars around the world men's act opens of and they admit they seek out governments that are willing to spend large sums on weapons to all city. and as a shareholder she's allowed to post questions to the board at the meeting. today she plans to ask about the combat training centers. heineman tile has very good contacts in german political circles that's also apparent in the ranks of shareholders. former german defense minister hun shields if young is standing for election to the
supervisory board even though he's still a member of parliament and on its defense committee where he helps make decisions about homs deals. young is indeed elected to nine matal supervisory board he'll be promoting the company's controversial deals with turkey. but he won't retire from parliament until the autumn which critics denounce as a conflict of interest all right at the moment it is on the courts aren't going to go in the hague i young's not good that. you didn't reply to our inquiry as leave government ministers a subject to a cooling off period. it after leaving office when there's any hint of a potential conflict of interest but that doesn't apply to ordinary members of parliament. at the end of the annual meeting up
a gives her report she asked the supervisory board how many combat training centers was so and where and the extent of the bone despairs involvement. the fox is beyond what it was they said the trade secrets prevented them from answering my questions but i'm the only admitted that a number of exports were made to various regions east of exported i want to see if you. find maternal didn't respond to our requests for an interview regarding its sale of combat training centers and its dealings with turkey. in turkey reject type and the ones government has confirmed that it used german made tanks against the kurdish y p g militia in syria but that didn't stop germany from selling more arms to turkey millions of euros worth. according to the german investigative newsroom kovac teef one more time now plans to build
a tank factory in turkey a claim that line mittal and the german government deny. in germany the economics ministry and the federal security council have so decision making or thirty over arms export licenses parliament has a new set. of campaigns to change that have gone nowhere good. stock investments become the zero stock of missiles and our weapons industry is very powerful victim of this that's intentional or else it would have been abolished long ago if the topic of intense public debate but not political debate to put it on this parliament and to our government in lawmakers aren't willing to. critically examine the issue and explain how it affects our security policy i'm going to clear my view is he has put it off till. that lack of transparency is an issue in france as well. decisions about tom's exports are made by a committee that headed by the prime minister and includes members of the foreign
defense and finance ministry parliament only finds out after the fact and has news say. germany prefers to leave its relationship to the arms industry ambiguous in fronts by contrast many weapons manufacturers are owned by the state the french president is also the commander in chief of the armed forces. the french government has a close relationship to the arms industry the state also promotes privately owned arms manufacturers weapons are an important to mystic industry. is exposed to secure. new arms exports are a very important industrial sector for us your force says will produce some you
know the defense industry employs more than two hundred thousand people in france so we have more than four thousand companies both large and small the title place will call to the economic sector is important and it's growing up of all it all costs us. the international aviation industry meets every two years at the paris air show. the trade fair brings together more than two thousand three hundred exhibitors who present their latest technology on an area the size of seventeen soccer fields. the french ministry of defense is also exhibiting here. so just demonstrate the latest weapon systems and do p.r. for the country's defense industry. like his breed assesses president emanuel visited the fan.
c.e.o. of dust so evie asian showed him the huffine fighter jet. a fire fighter jet was developed almost entirely by france france had withdrawn from a multinational european project the euro fight a typhoon in one nine hundred eighty five. desu c.e.o. trappy is also president of the french irish based industry lobbying group she fuss . was about politics it was a lot of the support of the president of the republic is important that it was in france that a president is the head of the armed forces the fifty m. to go to those laws he determines what the future needs will be king boys will be out he decides on the missions and he observes how the material or military technology operates in conflict zones that it will tell it's important to show him the products made by the manufacturers so that we can respond to his needs to see.
he always home to one of the few french institutions that stake in a critical look at the government's lobbying on behalf of the defense industry. tony fulton a researcher at all says this lobby is and is part of a larger initiative. to show that there's almost a kind of familiar relationship between the arms industry and the state. to the expansion of arms exports is given an absolute priority because of well you know some time before two thousand and ten france ramped up its weapons exports says explicit really was a new economic strategy and just predictably with respect to the middle east and of the rupee off aussie you know them ali. moore you know you know sometimes is a deal with india is emblematic of the problematic nature of state support for the arms industry. during a visit to new delhi then president francois alone to praise d'souza fun as the
best fighter jet in the world you know with some time later a deal came to fruition india purchased thirty six fire fighter jets for nearly seven point eight billion euro news. that deal was sharply criticized by fall term among others not least because the five jets are nuclear capable. and the seeker's engine expires was up an article in the indian express makes it clear that india purchased the rafal largely because of its nuclear capability and the decision is clear you has not us who said that more amused it was actually indian defense minister model ha pari carr who stated that india was interested in the rafal because of its nuclear capabilities to. come to the decision of korea is. the sale stoked regional tensions pakistan embroiled in
a decades long conflict with india worried that the nuclear capable have found would embolden india to launch an attack. but when it comes to making money such considerations don't seem to trouble french weapons exporters we inquired about the deal a french government spokesperson referred us to the ministry of defense which didn't respond at all. there's been little public debate in france about this deal with india. vault with leaves out over the three need to show you more well is the sale of arms is not just a means to the arms industry which of them were to boost the an entire french manufacturing industry set off to be a lot of dog the arms industry larky by such an important role that weapon sales have become a matter of survival or even the sales to dictators if need be able or examine
equal the fact that. france has grown dependent on its defense industry in recent years the country's economy stagnated and unemployment rose but the defense industry flourished in twenty sixteen french arms exports totaled some sixteen billion euro hands. with support from then president or long island does so also sold its fighter jets to egypt and qatar. the current french government is also not getting things along. shortly after taking office president michael moore agreed that france would deliver weapons worth some twelve billion euros to qatar deal includes twelve high fire fighter jets political and economic gain seem to go hand in hand. that backing by france's government and military is the envy of the german firms the
federation of german security and defense industries is headquartered in central berlin it's a lobbying group for the country's arms industry. and the association is director hunts christoph at dien is a former board member of tousen corp he also wishes germany would model itself from france. we also see this when the german and french industries are competing abroad. that happens quite a lot of shows the french government is far more engaged once and that includes government ministers they're more willing to meet with customers than the german government is. doing from the boost that you will the official position of the german defense ministry is clear military procurement must follow rigorous
standards and the defense industry must follow the rules defense minister listen to fund our lion says the state doesn't provide sales support to the weapons industry . this is kind of the boon dismiss is not a task that our armed forces should be involved in to steam export to guns the economics ministry has authority over arms exports at this point we follow an overriding principle which is that we adhere to our political guidelines. and despair itself is just a customer who could and while she was state secretary in charge of military procurement kathleen zuda sounded a different note. to carter unflagging with at event were seeking inquiries and international competitions for the boxer it's an armored vehicle that's really very good sense of the economic we're very satisfied with it tenders are in process and there are competitions underway in australia and britain and we're providing support to us and these are nato our nato equivalent countries and we want to do
business with them and can support them with a clear conscience shop display i've given talks and written letters we're trying to help the company so i have kind of a time has sit so two hundred eleven boxes to australia much to the delight of shareholders. to support the german defense ministry provides to the arms industry is also evident at the dustoff palace just outside berlin every him military attaché said military officers meet here with representatives of major defense companies. the meeting. it's organized by the german association for defense technology also a lot b. group. its executive board includes german parliamentarian's who sit on the defense committee as well as representatives of major military contractors such as tireless house my five aikman and one more time and. indeed host often defense industry
representatives can take part in a kind of speed dating event with aspiring german military attaché is initially for a fee. the company's arrange meetings with lawmakers. critics say that events such as these are where military contractors need the ground work for state support of their arms export deals. it's coming it's not the job of our federal government or ministry of defense or of individual soldiers to devote time or money into helping the german weapons industry sell their wares but a detail palace that's exactly what seems to be happening visits by high ranking bundeswehr officers lent for the credibility to the meeting. in twenty seventeen brigadier general yogen bert's gave a welcoming address the year before major general van of eisenberg who was then
head of the armed forces office in bonn gave an address foreign military attachés are also invited journalists are not permitted to attend. this is the only for this is a sales of the germans arms industry advertise of its products and military attaches bring that back home to their own countries and it's not transparent in france but that's the case with all weapons exports of course nobody wants to talk publicly about the fact that the federal government is promoting weapons exports here. some projects are also receiving concrete support as a directorate titian corp huns clist of dean was responsible for a frigate deal with india. eos defense minister also from the line for help. she gave a prompt reply. during my talks with defense minister pony i expressed the fundamental willingness on the part of the german government to provide support.
for. in the summer of twenty sixteen the indian navy commission to send troops to overhaul two submarines after the deal went through thank the defense minister. this was perceived as very positive in india and has significantly strengthened our competitive position and our project i would like to thank you for that. soon after words she again asked the defenseman. for assistance in a sale this time he was negotiating a billion dollar deal for twelve submarines with australia. with this letter out i again take the liberty of asking your personal support for our submarine project in australia. or. whether the german defense minister actually helps to some corp is unknown the deal never materialized.
contrary to her claim the german defense minister appears to at least occasionally provide backing for arms deals a ministry spokesman commented the german government will support an export activities with our foreign trade and other instruments on a case by case basis the federal ministry of defense will offer its special expertise in the areas of development procurement training and utilization. the extent of that support is reflected in a deal with algeria chancellor angela merkel visited the country in two thousand and eight among the topics on her agenda during her meeting with president abdelaziz bouteflika with human rights and freedom of religion in twenty fourteen algeria bought two of these huge frigates from tucson corp on closer examination it became apparent that here too the german government had provided backing to the arms industry in this case turning the german navy into
a marketing tool. following an inquiry from the left party the government confirmed that twenty naval instructors provided training to algerian soldiers at german naval academy's and on german frigates the program ran for two and a half years. for algeria and the training provided by the german armed forces was a decisive factor in the deal without the promise of training from the bundestag. it might well not have gone through a system when the farragut just probably emits a minister my father wonders for how this is a problem just a bit when you ask around an area mixed clear that these extra dimensions are a burden that that highly trained german officers invent ceo's are being assigned to train foreign soldiers in their new york a variable to train their own recruits whom as i. am paid more than ten million euros for the training of its soldiers eighty percent of that field went to
the defense budget the rest to the finance ministry. fortune called the frigate deal was worth two point one billion euro news. at the time industry lobbyist tends to still fights but dean was head of titian marine systems. many customers have difficulties assembling operating crews for the devices providing them adequate training and maintaining the necessary level of expertise. of course a partnership with the bone despair which has the necessary training academies and the staff to carry out the training is an enormous benefit and one that i believe must absolutely be taken advantage of. to sustain most of all of that was the interest of the system is designed to benefit the defense industry under this system a german company reports profits with
a subsidy from german taxpayers to the poor never consulted via its bill if we were to consult them fucked up the surveys are clear if eighty three percent of germans favor stopping all arms exports or specialties from falling stock that was that was exported. to german ministry of defense replied in writing to our inquiry. due to the importance of algeria in terms of security policy the federal government has a substantial interest in four peroration the training support group posts were only filled when vacancies were available this means the temporary vacancies were permitted when national interests had priority. transpired contrast except such collaboration as a matter of course like the german bundeswehr the french armed forces also deploy soldiers to train foreign troops in the use of french made weapons and on board
french naval vessels for example on board the flame multipurpose frigate which is the product of a french italian collaboration. the family longer duck shown here setting sail from the military port of too long is one of the most modern warships in the world along with naval capabilities its equipped for anti submarine and anti aircraft warfare. its equipment includes cruise missiles which allow precision attacks on land targets from a great distance. the frigates were closer designed by the french company naval group which is more than sixty percent state and a single frigate costs more than six hundred million euros the commander of the long duk. is proud that the flame war ship is also being sold abroad often want
to fall so long that if they get within this short friends has sold multi-mission frigates to morocco and egypt. did it it would not hold up part of our mission is to support weapons exports that help expand french influence and help implement our strategic interests. it's that simple. in june twenty fifth in a family frigate was officially handed over to egypt the french minister of defense at the time even revealed attended the ceremony yeah. yeah the deal was worth billions but the french navy had to do without a frigate that had a regionally been built for its own use. this was a blow to the french navy particularly because the firm frigates have a high failure rate. in just four months the french frigate was revamped to suit
the needs of the egyptian navy instructors from the d.c.i. group a public private company provided training to egyptian crews in handling a high tech warship. call. it of course a woman just fearful say or when the french government or french industry sells equipment abroad you know we also offer training for the equipment orchestra was he afraid that they've got morally leave french navy of course supports our industry. they do we take our partners by the hand and help them make the most of the quickness of life but they all knew the limit i'll call off on. the french navy now conducts multi-day maneuvers with egypt every year the maneuvers look much like this training simulation in which the warship is attacked by a foreign fleet. in
this way france isn't only exporting weapons but forging permanent relationships with foreign governments. in these export decisions questions of human rights in the purchasing country seem to play only a small role saudi arabia is one of france's most important export partners. the war waged by saudi arabia and yemen has claimed many thousands of lives millions of people have been displaced saudi arabia is also known as a state in which human rights are often violated but despite this humanitarian disaster the arms exports continue. in twenty sixteen the french government approved weapons exports to saudi arabia were seven hundred sixty four million euros. for arms control research a twenty fourth time one deal is especially troublesome. enjoins the sixteen then
saudi interior minister mohammed bin nayef was awarded the prestigious french legion of honor for his support in fighting islam most extremism. as minister of the interior deny have had been responsible for hundreds of executions the french media dubbed the award the legion of dishonor. truly control going to be so good to everyone knows that saudi arabia is not a democracy because it's an authoritarian regimes under the rule of a clan comprised of several families. human rights violations carried out in saudi arabia are very well documented. by the north and the country is waging a brutal war in yemen a more creative. more. given this the honorary award is
truly unlawful and more than most of the said because from. the french state often sweetens its export deals with political and military favors to foreign governments in late twenty's. eckstein france even sent in a frigate to provide active support to the saudi blockade of yemen. president michel also maintains a close relationship with the arab royal family one of his first state visits was to riyadh. and the president my cossie are going to happy so did what but why did president mccone visit saudi arabia up octal because saudi arabia is an important country that plays a key role in solving many crises and problems in the middle east sixty most well known or posh. by contrast germany officially prohibits arms exports to countries that are rich war and countries with dubious human rights records.
such exports require a special exemption which is granted only when the export serves german interests such as combating terrorism. on its own website the german government states that it pursues a restrained responsible arms export policy. arms exports are not a tool of economic policy. but germany maintains close ties to saudi arabia and regularly exports weapons to the kingdom. chancellor angela merkel's most recent visit to riyadh was in twenty seventeen when she met king solomon. the topic of arms exports was not on the agenda that topic has long been a hot button issue in the german media but so far the german government hasn't changed its stance arms exports continue either through exemptions or by reducing
the deal through a third party country. and so the best of saudi arabia has been one of the german defense industries best customers. it's repeatedly been ranked number one. the annual the report by the fund was false technically the weapons technology that goes to saudi arabia is very wide ranging. for example airbus is joining together with partner firms to build a complete border security system that uses state of the art technology that nearly all saudi air craft deployed in yemen contain german made components which saudi arabia bought german drones and also received instruction in them from german soldiers. g thirty six assault rifle which has been the standard issue rifle for the german armed forces is also produced under license in saudi arabia. the same goes for the g three assault rifle and the m g five machine gun we've got a long tradition of armaments cooperation. in twenty sixteen the
german government so nearly five hundred thirty million euros worth of arms to saudi arabia the gulf kingdom is the third largest purchaser of german military technology. the images of destruction coming from yemen and saudi arabia's role in the many thousands of deaths have so far done little to change german export policy to business deals take precedence damages that's all this talk of human rights of christianity of our values are little more than empty words three things are at stake here profitable for profit and profit period feet poked the current governing coalition has said it will enforce stricter guidelines and that weapons will no longer be exported to countries directly involved in the human conflict but the previous government had made a similar announcement little came of it germany so more weapons to normally you countries than ever including to countries with
a dubious record when it comes to democratic and human rights. it would seem that official government statements play little role in policies on the ground germany continues to allow the boundaries of the military and the private sector to blur. in germany today essential military tasks such as providing drones or operating military training centers rely on the participation of private defense contractors soldiers and civilians have become nearly indistinguishable. think of us and i believe that at some point will no longer be able to tell the difference between the bundeswehr and these private contractors bulis been such a process of symbiosis they're so interwoven that it's hard to see where the boundary is and i'm kind of this without these private service providers the bundeswehr would no longer be operational not only abroad but within germany as
well but in our globalized world the german bundeswehr will be constantly confronted by challenges what if for example alignment was purchased by a foreign company let's say from china. would they then be involved in our national defense how will we deal with questions like this in the future so i can feel. these questions almost pressing in front of most french defense contractors a majority owned by the state but the close proximity of the state to the arms industry poses a risk democratic oversight of the industry is even more difficult in france than engine. germany and france is still miles away from the u.s. where private contractors serve as a kind of mercenary force. but if he can omit consideration is increasingly come to govern defense policy germany and france could find themselves at
a crossroads. or a get more here for you to make it's a troubling development for both political and democratic reasons. decisions regarding military intervention must be made by the state and be subject to democratic rules so fierce. when military activities are outsourced to private companies we risk will be waged in order to increase private profits as we have fair. should especially if you want to boost profits for shareholders is she for a marine anything exciting a war will do that before they'll always be the temptation he's here to. germany and france are facing similar challenges then militaries are in transition and both are likely to see their wills and missions continue to expand in the future. both the french and german armed forces are struggling with financial and structural problems and some fun there appear to be no easy answers.
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to. this is do w. news live from berlin the deadliest attack on the jewish community in recent history america mourns the victims of another mass shooting after eleven people are gunned down in a synagogue president trump is calling it an evil anti semitic act. also coming out the german chancellor faces her next big test voters.