tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle November 10, 2018 1:02am-1:30am CET
the knights eighty years ago of nazi organized terror against jews that heralded the holocaust today chancellor merkel warns of resurgent anti semitism i'm phil gale in berlin and this is the day. there is a shattering noise and the whole of palin was burning. and it carried on burning the next morning. the. next morning when we had to go back to school we saw broken glass everywhere you go just. don't sound like that's why we call it because dan asked because it was glittering everywhere it's a theme. this state must act decisively and consistently against any gratian exclusion anti semitism racism and right wing radicalism.
and of course at the end of world war two we said never again. but look at what's happening again in the world and not just in germany but in france holland everywhere. doesn't it just all work every day with today's understanding that something like eighty years ago will never happen again it. also on the day central americans having towards the united states fall victim to mexican criminal gangs as many as thirty thousand have disappeared. gathered that it's very dangerous travelling between mexico city and the u.s. border we need to be well organized and able to look after each other we have to know about each other every individual every child in.
germany has remembered crystal to all during the victims of a night of violence against jews that swept the country eighty years ago the name translates as crystal night a reference to the shots of broken glass that litter the streets after mobs smashed the windows of synagogues and jewish stores and buildings but kristallnacht was just the beginning. eighty years on the horrors of the past still resound. german chancellor angela merkel attending a commemorative service at berlin's not just synagogue. let's get on the jewish life is flourishing in germany once again that is an unexpected gift after the break with civilization that was the holocaust but at the same time we're seeing a worrying anti semitism that is threatening jewish life in our country and other places in the world what jews thought themselves say this anti semitism is
expressed increasingly openly in unbridled hate speech on the internet and in the public sphere in the home. these anti semitic acts are a distressing reminder of events eighty years ago. on the night of the ninth of november nine hundred thirty eight the nazis unleashed a wave of violence against jews. across germany thousands of synagogues jewish shops and businesses were looted and torched some one hundred jews were killed twenty six thousand were taken to concentration camps. but november the ninth is also the anniversary of two other fateful days and german history. one hundred years ago in the closing days of world war one the social democrat politician philip shied a man proclaimed a new german republic from a window of the price tag. and in one thousand nine hundred nine pro-democracy
protests in east germany led to the fall of the wall and ultimately to the reunification of germany three days that loom large in germany's collective memory . but it's our actions today that show whether we have truly understood and learned from their consequences said german president funk five. hundred ms know your good guys in our actions we must prove that we germans have truly learned from the past and surely become more vigilant because of our history we need to take action any time another person's dignity is viral ated we need to take a stand when our language of hatred spreads its tentacles that we cannot allow a situation where some people claim once again to be the sole voice of the true people and marginalize others. with the far i don't turn it if in germany party in parliament for the first time
and extremist voices on the rise across the country these were poignant words. about crystal now nine hundred thirty eight dr hans christian yeah she is director of the house of the valance a conference this is a memorial and educational center based in the building where the nazis established the rules the organizations and protocols of their final solution when he stein weiss is a historian and author of the book kristallnacht one thousand nine hundred thirty eight welcome both with you hans christian yash we heard in the report and overnight the date that resounds through german history what were the nazis saying by staging this mass attack on germany's jews on this date. well the ninth of november was a holy day. on the ninth of november nineteen twenty three. made to. attend and munich the march to the fold. which of course was also
not an incident because he chose the ninth of november to. basically erase the memory of the revolution of the nines of november nine hundred eighty. which was called the. revolution exactly and this is what right wing parties want to do today when they went to demonstrate on the ninth of november they went to claim the state and they went to revive the tradition of the nuns of nov nineteenth twenty three honest i was we're here in the report the horrific things that happened which of course were just a precursor to even more the riff things the went on during the war but these things do not happen in a vacuum what was going on in german society that meant that normal civilized people were saying good morning mrs horowitz on the eighth of november nineteenth thirty eight to breaking into a house and beating her up stealing all of possessions that night well after january one nine hundred thirty three when the nazis came to power in germany the
german public had been subjected to systematic anti jewish propaganda. in the media in the education system organizational life and gradually when society is bombarded with that kind of propaganda it. seeps into people's minds and even before nine hundred thirty three even before the nazis had come to power anti-semitic stereotypes were or anti-semitic sentiments were widespread and in german society the nazis weren't really starting. with. a blank slate in that regard. so the propaganda had begun to the minds had been softened if you like softened up and then so when it happened when kristallnacht happened was there an order given go out and beat people up i did the work well.
well there there was there was an authorization given on the evening of november ninth. nov ninth was the anniversary of the failed beer hall poached. d'etat that chris. just mentioned and the entire hierarchy of the nazi party had assembled to commemorate that. event in one thousand twenty three that had assembled to commemorate that in the old town hall the house in munich hitler was present goebbels was present they were all of the gull lights and so forth and hitler gave goebbels the authorization to. launch the pug rome and then to preserve kind of plausible deniability left the room and goebbels the propaganda minister basically instructed the entire hierarchy of the nazi party that the essay another nazi organization should be let loose on the jews of germany and this was
happening as we heard in the report that while the police just stood by and watched . as the chief of the security police gave. according to how the pogroms should be orchestrated which buildings should be spared how many people should be arrested what should be destroyed the looting should be actually stopped people were allowed to destroy things but that was not to steal property but this happened at a very large scale many people took advantage of the situation and there was big looting there was the jewelry shop in berlin which has damages of more than one point two million ice market. that is the mixture of a sort of an auk a straight to geo violence which is sort of top down orchestrated event but there's also a lot of response from the bottom people willingly take in these. bystanders
who actually encouraging people to destroy property to kill people to torture people so this is an event which. takes a certain dynamic. that gives us the background to this what i want to do next is see what we have learned today from those events of eighty years ago so we will bring the conversation up to date to the present day germany where sadly m t semitism is still alive and kicking. says he's not the victim type even though he's been attacked time and again for being jewish and running the jewish restaurant in downtown cam that's the most recent attack took place at the end of august and it was with. the ball being listed here at the bar i walk slowly to the front door of the restaurant. they call me various things like
you pick in get out of germany at least that's what i understood i have here i was standing here and the group over there and then things flew in that direction. bottles and stones flew before the job managed to escape back into his restaurant since the attack says he doesn't feel safe when he's out and about and can now it's that's new for him despite the fact that his restaurant has been targeted several times since two thousand and nine perpetrators have left picks heads and scrap with the stuff david and the word jew swastikas and stars of david with us initials when locked into the facade of the building. but over job alice still doesn't see that as a reason to leave cabinets. it's the network of our family and the restaurant how we're welcomed the really positive experiences the people here and how we're part of chemists. it's much more pleasant than you might think.
jewish life has been part of everyday life and can that's for over one hundred forty years the jewish community here numbers five hundred eighty people president of the community is what i hear she's received a lot of support from local since the violent clashes last august. the guns. political analysts the politicians everyone no matter what party except for the right wing is stand behind the jewish community and one jewish life here voice. but the growing strength of the far right party in germany and settles the community at a weekly choir practice community members wonder if the mood will shift even more to the right and affect the jewish community in particular this kind of mission
because i know about the history of the german jews during the nazi era and i know that they hesitated for a long time and believed that germany this country of poets and thinkers would never do anything bad part they were mistaken i'm. eighty years after the pogroms in germany jews and chemists feel torn they feel at home but there's a renewed sense of fear of what the future might bring of all of a sudden i think should i pack my suitcases now and that's not just me some community members have the same idea should we pack our suitcases. so here we are back in present day germany having looked at events of eighteen years ago and now talking about what appears to be a rise in anti-semitism do you believe that there is more anti semitism in in
germany or are just more sensitive to it more aware of it. i think the problem is and to semitism has always been around and the amazing sure is that in germany even after world war two when there were hardly any jews left in germany and the semitism was still present phenomenon and. the social science research was suggests that at least ten to fifteen percent of the german population remains anti semitic and the problem is today that there is the political climate. which is more open to condone and to semitic racist ideas and this is a climate which is created by parties like the fifty and i think the problem as others have germany the alternative for germany i think the problem was and to semitism is not just it's present the problem is if the majority of society remain silent about as long as majority society is speaking up against anti semitism this
is a phenomenon which can always be kept in check but the problem is if the discourse changes and if the of then men men are just two men to dominate this discourse and this is what seems to be happening in the last. years in germany when you are mentioned that they have to today's ceremony here in berlin that they were representation of from every political party in the bundestag except the after the alternative to germany legislation sort of the president of the central council of jews in germany on his reasons. if you believe in them they mock the victims and survivors of the shoah by relativizing nazi crimes division betide if they misrepresent historical facts and seek to destroy a culture of remembrance. they would be unbearable for the jewish community today
eight years after the event but pogrom to have representatives of this party among those here. that's why they're the only group of the german parliament which we did not invite to it the dominant. so ellen study what does this say even about germany germany votes as german society that given germany's history. it now has has put into the german parliament a right wing party. well it needs to be remembered that according to current. polling numbers the f.t. has the support of about fifteen percent of the german population which is to say that eighty five percent of the population doesn't support it and i think we need to keep in mind that you know mainstream german society and we see this in the
education. in the education system we see this in the media we see this in the public sphere in germany you know throughout the german society has widely accepted its responsibility for the crimes committed in the names of the germans in the past and i'll also point out that one of the reasons why germany today is a widely in the world widely admired democracy one of the most widely. admired countries in the world is precisely because it has made some respects an outlier i mean it's and its supporters said that it's not really is it was an outlier now i mean polymerized that's about well that's what i was about to say it has been an outlier it's alarming that it's now in the parliament but we we need to keep in mind that we're still talking about. it's a it's a growing minority but it's still
a minority of the german population that supports that kind of historical politics but let me press this point what is changing what is changing in germany that means that these outliers now are moving towards the mainstream. i think unfortunately this is not just a german phenomenon that we see this all over the european country and we've said to a certain degree. in the us context. the new idea that . hate speech against minorities is something which suddenly starts to be acceptable again for larger parts of society. this is really a symbol for a crisis of democracy. in the entire western world this is a situation which we have been witness in starting in central eastern european countries but we see it also. in france in the netherlands.
the renaissance of jingoist nationalism is something were to. should preoccupied us and which goes along as a sort of counter narrative towards a global. society. which is a which is has many many facets many colors many less than so this is sort of ok so it's not just germany this is a worldwide fit over that's fair but germany has a particular problem doesn't it joe. many has a problem in as much as with its bloody recent history and having reinvented itself as this tolerant open democracy this is a country that then has to say there is free speech but it has limits which we must define and even if you get voted in in well then what. that even then i think the other parties need to position themselves very. strongly against.
against such remarks when mr gulen as one of the latest leaders in he says that the nazi time is just burchett in history and he dares to say that after having listened to anita lask of earth issue was invited to the german parliament on the thirteenth of january nineteenth two thousand eight hundred to commemorate. the liberation of auschwitz. this just shows you that they are seeking to provoke what had been the consensus in west germany for a long time and they play on this proclamation so it will work to move there but take a power we must all be vigilant dr hans christian yes thank you alan the star watch thank you thank you for.
the thousands of migrants walking to the united states from central america faced many dangers activist groups as many as thirty thousand have gone missing over the past decade he'd only correspondent and to assess is on the road with the migrant caravan and sent this report at water knows all too well that being kidnapped and then simply disappearing is the biggest danger a few years ago his brother disappeared as he made his second attempt to reach the u.s. . we got as far as a child was. the police caught me under the portal me back i want to honduras. i mean i went back again to look for him but there was nothing. around ninety members of the caravan currently making its way north are said to have disappeared after getting on to trucks the reports from various organizations have not yet been
confirmed i am pop core but i mean i'm probably going to say on differing accounts of the numbers missing your you know when some sources say. this one hundred most i would all on the human rights or florida keys are looking into this case. and your model is stunning in this. it's feared that they may have been kidnapped and handed over to organized crime groups active in the area where they went missing. now obvious in the caravan a spooked. when jovan lost sight of his two friends he thought he'd never see them again. to see it was for me because i was really worried they had disappeared and i would never hear from them again but we got separated while i was trying to find space on one of the vehicles i had no idea where they had gone. i'd say between ten and twenty thousand migrants have disappeared in the last ten years
that's one reason why people are queuing to get into this tent inside they can call their families for free to reassure them that they're still ok i mean work with our lives if you don't fall off the train you got run over by a truck you know a lot of. sonus it does but it does your tilt runs everything here is that i mean. we're most afraid for the children. because of the danger the people in the stadium divided register according to the region they came from that way they hope any disappearances will be noticed dad and that it's very dangerous travelling between mexico city and the u.s. border we need to be well organized and able to look after each other we have to know about each other every individual and every child in that in back up it's on that mean you're. going to list crime is lying in white everywhere on the journey
ahead the migrants are at risk of kidnapping and blackmail. it would have it been a son asking us dan marino's with the migrants with fake office software. then they were forcibly held he. and subjected to human trafficking in another. but even those and i'll even if that was the lament their attempts to jump the migrants even take place within temporary accommodation in mexico city the president of the mexican federal human rights commission says migrants are often approached by people claiming to be officials. now people who feel that no one had heard of the supposed organization. so they offer to take people in lauri's in groups of eighteen. north and over the border into the us. and i think. the biggest concern for the people in the caravan is to avoid falling victim to
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