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tv   Doc Film - Anti- Semitism in Europe  Deutsche Welle  November 22, 2018 10:15am-11:00am CET

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in recent years specter has once again reared its ugly head across europe the specter of anti semitism. a little over seven decades after the holocaust anti jewish attacks are on the rise again in the. us especially in the us how what crimes of jews committed to deserve two thousand years of persecution what do you think of us to consider.
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the mood among french jews is very gloomy right now because i dozen people have been killed in france in recent years simply because they were jews. those are those in poland the genie is out of the bottle anti semitism is becoming acceptable . i. think a mind that is not a matter of one country it's an international phenomenon. anti semitism has become much more common in europe the explanations for this phenomenon seem as varied as the proposals for how to deal with it for this report we travel to berlin paris and warsaw to talk to people who've experienced anti-semitism and to discuss possible solutions. what is it like to be a jew in europe today. was.
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in recent years jewish life culture and traditions have enjoyed a renaissance in germany. but prayer rooms and kindergartens are often located in closed areas away from the street and out of the public eye protected by police due to fears of anti-semitic attacks. today germany is home to about two hundred thousand jews their numbers have increased almost continuously since the one nine hundred ninety s. . many have emigrated from the former soviet union some have even come from israel. the most popular destination is berlin the very city where the nazis
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organized the extermination of european jews. admit this most of the semitism simply means hostility directed against jews as jews. they are subject to this hostility because of characteristics that are often attributed to the ice in their hatred for being something they are not sisters who openly and his image is most booked and anti-semitism is a wide ranging concept fish question did it some people use it to explain certain complexity third foundered today's society it helps them to find scapegoats. do you surely can soften up to them into smiles this country semitism is an assault on the do. in a crowded culture of our society seen you go. so it's more than just hometown jews and such that you can. berlin has the largest jewish community in germany.
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in december twenty seventeen and ugly anti semitic incident was caught on video in the city's leafy shona back district outside find bags restaurant. a traditional menorah is displayed in the front window some of the art on the walls features the star of david. the restaurant specializes in traditional sephardic jewish cuisine. one day owner your i find back and his girlfriend were standing outside taking a break when they were approached by a man who was apparently drunk second my yes i have a book in my head. i proffer no for what college course of my life and when i didn't get my post ya what got us a copy on dusty i didn't source and john most of us think of this is always a boy did not just in fact yards are tossed jamar zico minutes ago via its ago that
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there would be cricket golf in the commons the room should be read the snooping through the home but to get ahead of what i do you know people in my mind got first initial so for me at first i didn't know what he wanted done as well and then things just got worse. and he started coming out with all these anti semitic prejudices about jews and money and the holocaust and so forth. well of course and so it's just people navigate boyish voice deep down but you know i must go i think the bar is based formulated your eyes from a logical side the festool to the shuttle mission begins to do critics and i don't focus on what's enough it's a. good thing then it goes from you know they're going to support you. to find a case prompted a new discussion about anti semite. as an environment which has a particularly high incidence of verbal and physical attacks. nine hundred forty
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seven cases were documented in twenty seventeen sixty percent more than the year before. criminal offenses or threats can be reported to an anti semitism research and information center in berlin. beyond us hide there are a number of right wing extremist and populist groups and then there are those that can be described as left wing and anti imperialist and some groups are scribed to conspiracy theories and. obviously activists and then many of the so-called anti israel activists who are opposed to the existence of the state of israel stop this is that there is also the islamist brand of anti-semitism. and then we have a wide range of groups that occupy the political middle ground. by district on both of us putting to submit to the trial we do not have to leave it as it is what
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it is going to have to be on the cutting to official figures right wingers are involved in the georgie of anti semitic incidents that have been reported some farai politicians notably from the populist a.f.d.c. call for an end to what they see as an excessive focus on germany's nazi past including the holocaust. was a. just a few dusty pulls into one before minds it seems that comments that people used to make at their local pub or in the privacy of their home are now made fairly openly at public events and on social media sites. and insults and that's probably why i did. these kinds of accusations have always been part of the german society but they've become socially acceptable to a certain extent mostly due to the popularity of the a have tea party.
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and. you know what. i think this was when they started what sorts of illnesses does to semitism provoke. well for example it announced people to identify with the session philosophy black nationalism and that creates a sort of national anti semitism and where the jews are always the outside is. also anti semitism helps some people to make sense of the words of modern society. we're now on our way to warsaw the capital of poland. until recently poland was widely regarded as a paragon of modern democratic progression in post communist eastern europe. but in the twenty fifteen national elections a right wing populist party took control of both houses of parliament. a new spirit
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of nationalism has caused concern among many and not just in poland. the country's independence day is november eleventh celebrations across poland often provide a platform for the expression of resurgent ultra nationalist sentiment. radical right wingers have essentially taken over the main independence day celebrations in warsaw and activists from all over europe travel here to join them . over the past decade attendance at this event has jumped from just five hundred to nearly one hundred thousand. this is the office of a group that features prominently in the independence day event the old polish youth organization the movement is based on a student group that was founded in one thousand twenty two the original group
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favored anti semitic policies such as limiting the number of jews in universities some members supported italy's fascist dictator benito mussolini today's version has the same motto the nation is the highest temporal good. group's members are all under thirty six and all eerily polite but the neat and benito is the office dog's name. my son if i'm on different ships young people appreciate the fact that we respect poland's history and try to preserve it we consider ourselves a national movement and we try to show people that they are part of that nation because that's the easy and that's why the independence day march is so popular. interest in finding not only. for us nationalists it's not enough to just have a passport that says you're a citizen. of peace but there's
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a lot more to what the dutch. nation is composed of three basic elements. ethnic cultural and religious affiliation. but. i would like to add that poland is proud of its history because there are hardly any dark chapters in that history. feel cup to kish it was under special study. in their eyes dark chapters in polish history usually involve past attacks on the country by germany and russia while poland itself is always innocent but propaganda materials distributed by all polish jews often feature nationalist symbols a certain patriotic mysticism and soul stirring music and this is where associations with former times resurface.
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in the last couple of years the work we have seen in poland is of first picked up the rise in different types of was in the form the expressions of experience we can the. observe it very clearly since the refugee crime. yes in a way i think that this. outbreak of xenophobia and poland since two thousand and fifteen fine moaning also resulted in an old break over of a new wave of on some tough and past. i think it shows that when the floodgates of xenophobia are open to the later it also translates into their way before still it is against the jews. since the law and justice party came to power in twenty fifteen the mood in the country has changed earlier this year parliament approved a law that banned comments linking poland with nazi war crimes such as the phrase
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polish death camps most of them were located in occupied poland but were run by the nazis and prime minister much. caused a global outcry after referring to jewish perpetrators during the second world war . you sure there is. there is nowhere to semitism unfolded. and to simu to small. there's never been an error in polish history pokey child's not even so much as a decade. today. you know what dresses are more significant a little lower there's a restaurant or deeply rooted belief in christianity and specifically catholicism. that religious faith requires us to respect our neighbors. senators shocking was apparently unaware of this demonstration invites one of in twenty fifteen featuring what is clearly an effigy of
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a jew. some say it represented george soros a prominent jewish investor and philanthropist who promotes liberal and internationalist policies. soros is despised by many on the far right around the world. nationalism in poland is the. first of all the right wing phenomenon it's the conservative discourse it's the discourse that tries to put it into the wider context matters of well independence pride. all there and it said try and someone the jewish history seems not so not to fit in apparently. and this has good very dangerous record cushions for us as for the jewish community. every year crowds gather in vast swaths on independence day to hear the preachings of
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yacht second yet lock a former catholic priest. is so key to taking this little lead think is that. it will only a small. bundle there is more islam is more solemn what is most parts of the year long funded education is tight just how do you move the two older missed if you like they asked over to see how not merely how far the house just should just use a little. we drive to the central polish city of kalish to meet. his blog features a traditional nationalist motto translated into english god honor fatherland. during our interview on secretive looking premises outlined his views on the issue of jews in poland. use the the huge tree of unfortunately right now both those who
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are hated by the jews and those who speak and quotable truths are called anti semites so it's important to note that every official jewish organization in poland identifies with values that could be attributed to cultural marxism. even foes are values that we as traditionalists catholics christian most right wingers and nationalists regard this false psychology. this ideology of store moral decay defeatism. as catherine the great wrote the enslavement of entire countries. provide you the zero one and. we've returned to warsaw. the government's new law that would criminalize the planing polish people for any crimes committed during the holocaust sparked international criticism particularly from israel parliaments later backed down and decided that violations of the law would result in only civil instead of criminal
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penalties. this is the museum of the history of polish jews the first jews arrived in what is now poland in the tenth century at the beginning of world war two poland had more jewish residents than any other european country about three point four million. only about two hundred thousand survived the holocaust. after the war many polish jews emigrated to israel and the us. yes leaving a population of just forty thousand six. this video shown in the museum shows polish student demonstrations in one thousand nine hundred sixty eight the country's communist government used the protest as an excuse to launch a campaign against so-called zionist sympathizers many jews were forced to leave the communist party others had to resign their teaching jobs at schools and universities by nine hundred seventy one more than fourteen thousand polish jews
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had left the country in desperation and members will compare things to the minorities has been drawn between the discourse of nine hundred sixty eight and today's discourse both regarding just as the foreign factor in the state and diminishing the meaning of the holocaust. as the biggest tragedy in our history those who experienced more tonight in sixty eight those who had to live ball and or who stayed in poland they see the similarities they can compare the climate nine hundred sixty eight days climate corps a vision of fascism is. present in in the european consciousness and i would say that the core vision of fascism is the vision of cultural homogenised and it's the vision. that is directed against all types of minorities ethnic religious and your logic or
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political. and of course the jews are the sort of power of the oratory. the risk is an outlay named clothing label developed by jewish designer antoninus i met scott modern and positive aspects she says a lot of germans buy her clothes at the same time so metzger has strengthened her own jewish identity and her relationship with the local jewish community. i believe that in poland the fear of outsiders is an emotionally charged issue and there are historical reasons for that. throughout its history poland has been overrun by other states and people are still deeply afraid of such invasions. in addition we are an ethnically homogenous society with everyone's caucasian and they
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all look similar. and they want to treat the example. a lot of people are surprised to learn that cements guy is jewish she's never experienced incidents of anti-semitism and says that it's safe for jews to wear a yarmulke or indeed her own clothing designs on the streets of warsaw. but she still concerned about current developments. there are social tensions in poland just as there are in every country. but here the hatred is not directed exclusively against jews but. people also hate gays arabs and black people. there are simply a lot of people who hate others because they're different. and that hatred to can
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take different forms. but i don't think that the jews are any worse off than are for example gay is. period. some polish jews like to joke that there would be anti semitism in poland even if there were no jews there. our next stop is france home to europe's largest jewish community an estimated fire. hundred thousand jews live here more than in any other country except israel and the united states but in recent years france has been hit by a new wave of anti-semitic attacks and this is prompted many french jews to fear for their safety. i. in twenty fifteen four jewish hostages were gunned down in
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a kosher supermarket invalid send the perpetrators parents were muslim immigrants from mali. thanks in twenty twelve four people arrive by and three children were shot and killed outside a jewish school in toulouse the gunman's parents were immigrants from algeria. the sephardic chief rabbi of jerusalem shlomo amar spoke at the funeral and said that in every generation there are people whose primary goal is to annihilate the jews. in recent years three further jews araik not sarai me and me were murdered by muslims and anti-semitic attacks in france. all aforesaid disinfo the cynic generally speaking the french are not anti semitic they're just not interested in that sort of thing. until about twenty years ago
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there were no public expressions of anti semitism here. the soup was in the room the major problems that we face in france today on not only the existence of traditional anti semitism even if expressed very subtly. by leaks. but also a brand new kind of anti semitism that established itself very rapidly. hate in football the. muslim based on the semitism is definitely a problem. of course not all muslims are anti semites you can't make general statements like that. but there are ordinary muslims who have no education and who have come here from north africa sub-saharan africa or the middle east with classic anti semitic prejudices. because it's part of the cultural environment they grew up in. to look this. is
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a situation is serious in the three years since the attacks and to loosen up a culture supermarket in paris a number of french jews have left the country because they're scared i'm concerned about the future of french jews and the future of france. so i could put a false. this is the paris suburb of stock says home to one of france's biggest jewish communities. it has approximately twelve thousand jewish residents and an estimated forty thousand christians and muslims on the surface the different faiths live together peacefully more or less but tensions are never far away. in july twenty fourth the pro palestinian demonstration that had been banned by the authorities got out of hand. the mits resulting street battles between arab and
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jewish youths protesters. attack jewish stores and a synagogue. in january this year and unknown assailant slashed the face of a fifteen year old jewish girl a few weeks later an eight year old jewish boy was beaten up. historian josh been susannah is an expert on jewish communities and arab countries and france this summer he was acquitted on charges of making defamatory statements about muslims receiving anti semitism from their mother's milk he explains why jews enjoy living in sa said despite the interethnic tensions. lawyers who told you to go to sufis saw cell is often called
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a little jerusalem. the jews in the region around paris tend to live in one district not scattered around the city. they feel safe in their shops and schools right nearby because it gives them a sense of security and don't forget fifty two thousand jews left france for israel between two thousand and twenty sixteen that's a huge number. of holes. it's more than the entire jewish community in belgium and twice as much as the one in italy it involves hebrew school activities you bije see do for. many french jews who emigrate to israel end up in the city of natanya about thirty kilometers north of tel aviv some local residents now call the city the little could does you know. among the new arrivals are the hmong family.
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they arrived here from vida was thirty kilometers north of paris. they left france in twenty seventeen after they were subjected to repeated anti semitic insults by their neighbors. i think that europe has a real problem with anti semitism at one time some people were openly anti jewish. and today it's different they say they're anti israeli. it's the same thing and we experience it first hand we don't understand why. jews are very small people globally speaking. people get really angry at us and we genuinely have no idea why you see the classical i feared for my children safety. i didn't think there was any future for them in france. so i decided to take them to a place that was safe. you don't need to suffer the most offensive the more they
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can i think islam is asian is getting worse and worse in fact i'm sure of it. so i invite all jews who live in europe to come to israel this is room for everyone so they should come here at this book to get. good. other jews have decided to stay in france and to defy anti semitism in their own way. rabbi michel serfaty emigrated to france from morocco and has lived here since the one nine hundred sixty s. he had a successful career as a professional basketball player and was ordained a rabbi in one thousand nine hundred five. his synagogue is located in the southern paris suburb of lease. serfaty has worked for years to promote better relations between jews and muslims he travels regularly through the suburbs of paris to engage muslims in dialogue. he also organizes joint
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sports events. once a year he and any mom conduct a special bus tour around the country. serfaty is seventy five years old which he spent the last several decades searching for truth peace and reconciliation even if some call him a kind of don quixote. the richest of the should we speak in the name of religion or as citizens. it's our promise to them our best to be a friend to muslims and to always represent them and islam correctly and to promote friendship between jews and muslims. that is. to learn to listen. it's love for muslims the qur'an. and kosher food for jews and how about for muslims all of them will show.
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it took a lot of courage for serfaty to set up his friendship box ten years ago. but ultimately i think he's failed. because most of the muslims don't listen to him. you can understand why when you consider most of them children who were born in france. a lot of work their parents were also born here but their grandparents came from algeria morocco or tunisia goalball they say i'm not french. they don't even say i'm tunisian or. they just say i'm a muslim usual you know. palestine but you know palestine. my country is no jury i'm. not here see. this is you know this is not my homeland. ok muslim iraq was my home as friends. ok jews and muslims practice circumcisions it's almost the same religion really. young it's not as if they are getting closer
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. and it's there. so i don't see the same letter that. so there's not much difference. but. i go to argue well thank you. shut up shuttle so months on the sun sets a little subtle as the mood of it is. i can't afford to be pessimistic. in general jews have always contributed to western culture. but they've always stood their ground as. in france the land of i mean. half the people defended drunk toss the goodies the holes in the church protected french jews during world war two will be today the french must use western culture
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to help fight anti semitism. and. the huge influx of new immigrants and refugees to germany that began in twenty fifteen has prompted a discussion about muslim anti semitism. this is for lens north korean district forty four percent of the people who live here are either immigrants or descended from that. some critics say no occur and is not safe for jews and claim that multicultural integration has failed here. the authorities say that ninety four percent of all anti semitic crimes are committed by right wingers by contrast researchers at the university of bell effect interviewed a number of german jews about anti-semitic attacks eighty one percent of those surveyed indicated that the alleged perpetrators were muslims.
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only in lana is a jewish theologian langar promotes peaceful coexistence between muslims and jews but some jewish critics say lana goes too far his efforts to improve relations with muslims. right now langar is on his way to an interfaith forum at the dar al salam mosque an icon the mosque is regularly monitored by berlin security authorities because of its alleged ties to the muslim brotherhood organization. lunger says that dialogue is the best way to bring muslims and jews together it's. an amount equal to or like as a chef we have a multicultural society here in nikon. we do face some challenges and we can find out more about them by talking to the local residents and taking part in public discussions. but there are also a number of opportunities here. and i'm committed to not only talking about the
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challenges which include anti semitism among muslims. that's a hot topic right now among germ. but i also want to discuss those opportunities for example how jews and muslims can work together and elsewhere. in. the skip to release sleeve there are of course muslims who are anti semitic has a few wouldn't tests or for love and that's just last hour and we can't deny that. but anti-semitism is unfortunately a homegrown concept so. it's started right here in europe and it's been here for decades and even centuries. i wonder is and is it this is a problem of society and we have to fight it deviates will become from. you i
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was losing my. god through the this is the annual al could stay demonstration in central berlin and the events origins date back to one nine hundred seventy nine when iran's supreme leader called on muslims around the world to support the rights of palestinians and to oppose zionism most of the protestors are muslims but there are also left wingers present and even some anti zionist ultra orthodox jews. that are yet i doubt seriously doubt as easy to find it interesting to have this discussion there and actually even it isn't kids could stay is the biggest public anti-semitic event in germany i can't believe that the authorities still allow it to take place and sadly the german people haven't yet realized that the
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philosophy of these people will eventually destroy german democracy. to keep. this was a place sensitive this time it has a sting in you i hate israel but not the jews themselves you've got to make that distinction i'm opposed to zionism but not jews month people forget that in my country palestinians are killed illegally and expelled from their homes because it has a shelf. called it would be it's like i'm convinced that anti-semitism is quite often expressed as allegedly legitimate criticism of israel on the markets like fifty one and the victim ends with which the criticism is directed against israel for example for its policies toward the palestinians and is completely disproportionate on if. for me it clearly constitutes anti-semitism. guns and ordered to show off something to the mistress. just. to israeli palestinian
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conflict dominates relations between the jewish world and the arab and muslim worlds and it is a bloody territorial conflict that has yet to be resolved to use. conflict. opinion on this conflict is divided. and that wide range of opinion has to be taught in schools. everyone in german society including muslims and jews have to learn all sides of the conflict an understand that everyone has their own interpretation of the truth there is no single truth. the trusteeship breakfast always taste better when my mom makes that i don't know why it just does support services the. german integration officials would like to see more young people like hussein yousef taking part in efforts to ease tensions
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between muslims and jews hussein is a student representative at his school. his parents came to germany from lebanon his family is religious but they fit perfectly well into german society hussein's older brothers are at college studying political science and a college but he hasn't decided on a career yet. this is the answer about high school in nikon. ninety percent of the students here are either migrants or are descended from them. here like at similar schools officials have launched
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a number of initiatives to try to prevent racism and anti-semitism including educational programs aimed at raising awareness of these problems. to. get in at our school we have one of the highest proportions or migrant students among all the high schools in our current. and it's a relatively small school it's right on the main road but inside you can hardly tell you should just try to help students with all their problems whether it's family difficulties or poverty. or other issues i'm going to take an entry and went to the fact one here solution we can have hundreds of official experts investigating anti-semitism and put together all kinds of figures but that won't help us resolve these problems the key is to maintain a dialogue on the situation. and didn't. you do come across on the semitism and a lot of schoolyards. from the definition so i was pleasantly surprised to find
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that in this school they've worked on preventive education programs. when i. have done better in those programs than we could have imagined you. think and i think. i've mentioned at the jews and muslims simply have to learn to get along and accept everyone as human beings they need to put that into practice in their neighborhoods you know muslims and jews should make friends with each other and do things together. i'm fine that way they can show that they're just people whether they're christians jews or muslims. we're part of the same hand muslim with us he's. walking hand in hand to a brighter future hope does exist although many remain skeptical. for
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us to the jewish people have been around for two thousand years exist and we will find a way to survive and. the problem right now is the problem with the jews and their culture to be able to survive in europe and that quo. strain is being decided right now on the money it's worth and should come see not to see me dismissed or give up if anti semitism continues to grow like it has it's possible that in a few decades all the jews in france will have left the country. they are already leaving other european countries. when it sometimes i ask myself whether we will gradually see to swing from everywhere and europe. be developed why do you. think. your. company.
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this is due to be a news live from berlin racing to beat the brakes that deadline the british prime minister is under pressure to deliver her plan. for breaks it but brussels and berlin are hardening stances chancellor angela merkel is threatening to boycott sunday's e.u. summit. also coming on hope for a nation ravaged by violence and the u.s. secretary of defense says yemen's warring parties have agreed to peace talks.

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