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tv   Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People  Deutsche Welle  November 22, 2018 12:30pm-1:00pm CET

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actually used to clean energy solutions and reforestation. to create interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and were determined to build something here for the next generation the interiors of multimedia and farm in series on w. . alone a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we begin in southern spain which is one of the largest gateways for illegal drugs entering the european union every day traffickers smuggle tons of hashish across the mediterranean from morocco it's an uneven battle between the local police and the gangs transporting the drugs in high powered speedboats all the more remarkable
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therefore the recent arrest of drug baron francisco tech haun his gang is believed to control eighty percent of the hashish that passes through the town of la linea teller concept. but despite that arrest lavinia remains a key hub for the narcotics business not surprising given that the straits of gibraltar is a very narrow channel at this point out so that fact that youth unemployment in the area is up to around eighty percent while young men can earn a thousand euros a day through traffic for their part the people of the town say the situation is getting worse by the day. the african coastline is just barely visible on the horizon yet morocco one of the biggest hashish producers worldwide is just thirty kilometers away more drugs than ever before are passing through lenient elect concepcion spain people are worried. and there's never been
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this battle the empathy the reports bring rocks here but not on the scale in the most real reality everyone is talking about is that they mark. their town seems to be getting more and more dangerous over time. the police are stretched beyond their means in the fight against drug smugglers both on land and at sea sometimes after a spectacular chase they can catch the speedboats the smugglers used to carry the drugs over to spain but this police officer who wants to remain anonymous says they mostly failed the id. scam with the drugs from over there up to the beach and i thought. that i found four wheel drive vehicles drive down from the road load of the packets and take off all on record so i'm. boric that means there's no time to intervene they've got a little. the officer shows us where they take the hashish for safety reasons we
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only film from inside the car. we're given all of these big gates and high walls are supposed to block the view. and the look the drugs the tractors on the boats back of the on a. passion passes through this region into europe by the time thirty mafia gangs share the business hundreds of encountered boats and vehicles have ended up in this compound but that's just a small fraction the officer says the police need more tip offs from the locals to catch more smugglers but they're not very cooperative. look at our local difficult problem is that the drug trade has become part of the society. many people support the smuggling because they live from it it's so they don't want to stop and give it to. nobody. with unemployment at some thirty five percent and
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low incomes people are being lured into the lucrative drug trade. as we defeat it's easy money with this us persona so these people's kids are likely to look for a steady job particular if they just follow in their father's footsteps. too isn't it a fact that. violence is on the rise here too in early spring twenty eighteen twenty armed persons forced their way into the local hospital and freed a drug dealer the patient was under police guard. many residents are taking to the streets they're afraid and they're demanding a harder line against the drug gangs among them is linnaeus mayor. he feels the government is doing nothing and his city has become the cesspit of the entire coast . of africa south america you get the impression that they would like to concentrate the problem in one area of the other veterans they claim. i'm not
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saying it's a couch in a plan that. record of i'm not paranoid or not but the government simply has to do more for this region to look in your career. or are. the authorities have equipped the police with faster boats and are now trying to gain control of the situation. but this police officer says that's just not enough the problem is already far too large the authorities no longer rule the linea the drug gangs to police officers have even been assaulted. by yet all. the fellow officers are seriously consider. when applying for a transfer. we don't have the proper means to protect ourselves how are we going to ensure safety for a whole community. of us. drug trade in the name brings
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in those involved over three hundred million euros every year and the police are finding it difficult to change that. the united kingdom might be on the verge of breaking away from the rest of europe but consolation is at hand for british citizens wanting to drown their sorrows because english wine is gumi that's right english why enthusiastic wine makers like ben and christina taking advantage of climate change to step up production vintages into competing with europe's best. these grapes could give french wine makers a headache. on this particular part of the shop near the back that we can get from quite tropical kind of roy. almost like stone fruit flavors coming through. tropical in this kind of weather. here in
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east sussex in southeastern england the organic grapes take more time to ripen and they're harvested later than in most of continental europe. we don't have another son we don't have another he says kind of growing a lovely delicious part of i'm. considering that second stances. kristen celtic used to work as a p.r. advisor now she's a wine growers in part thanks to climate change. it does rain a lot here in east sussex but temperatures are rising steadily making conditions ideal for the british sparkling wine which could give france's champagne region some competition. champaign used to be a relatively marginal climate it was colder growing grapes and making wine now is warmer there and it's i had
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a chap here who visited the vineyard from champagne and he was from a champagne growing making family and he said that the climate in the u.k. is similar to what he grew up in champagne forty years ago grower ben smith is confident that the english grapes can take on french champagne there's a lot of tastings out there that have happened blind tastings pitching the best english bottom lines against champagnes in a blind tasting so nobody can see the label and english once come out competed with the best. does this mean that britain might one day be self-sufficient in one production and independent of the rest of europe. an unofficial taste test shows that this is no understatement at least when it comes to bubbly britain can free itself from the continent where it's at the top and we
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have the right champagne so we're not too worried compared with germany and france and cool so they don't produce anywhere near the quantity that it starts to know there's this we can produce some really tasty stuff. the wine growers have big plans for the upcoming years. kristin has already bought some more land to further her wine growing ambitions. and cheers to the u.k. in the difficult weeks and months and she never to believe. now the republic of tatarstan is located in russia's volga district with its capital it's home to the tall tall people who are very proud of their culture and just as proud of their language but that makes them suspicious in moscow's eyes and the russian authorities have now ruled that the tata language should no longer be mandatory teaching in the republic schools prompting fears that culture is endangered but there is resistance.
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these are the sounds of touch are learning the language through song is how the ethnic ta-ta or lay son got to have a teacher said to her primary school students that these touch our children can still learn their native language is thanks to the school principal pavel schmeichel of he has refused to let go of his touch our teachers in defiance of the central education authority in moscow last year it had ordered an end to tar intact are stand as a required subject prompting teachers to be fired. that which implore the doctor could link it if the decision was back or touch our culture with it poets and writers is very interested he could not awarded will be learned a lot of the language is removed as a required subject or that there will be the beginning of the end of the time to our culture but i think diversity is important to the new view that. the tires are
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majority muslim ethnic group they have lived in touch our stand a republic within russia for centuries peacefully coexisting with russians and many other ethnicities. within the walls of the citadel in castle on the republic's capital a mosque and church side by side symbolize a long history of balancing local custom with the majority culture. although there were public lost its special status the tars have always been viewed as autonomy as in russia and that independent. streak has not gone unnoticed in moscow a year ago president vladimir putin demanded that schools in tatarstan only teach russian as a required language no more tatar the decree came as a shock to the tars michel your shake love is the chairman of the society of the russian culture of tatarstan he thinks the touch r.'s have too many rights in their republic which could lead them to split off from russia tar is
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a useless language he says because the tars all speak russian anyway. the guy will store was. the republic of tatarstan is not an independent state but the stone it is always and forever a part of russia. all the symbols of state are nothing more than decoration it's a limitation. as some kind of state language is best to be abolished. because it's . found us sufi a former deputy in russia's parliament disagrees and tirelessly. he's concerned russian ethno nationalism is undermining the stability of the vast multi-ethnic country. he thinks russia will only remain a strong country when its many different ethnic groups and nations enjoy cultural autonomy. i'm not worried that our target our language
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and culture will rana sure i think they'll survive this but it can and measure but smaller ethnic groups could end up losing their identity of these new regulations aren't scrapped using your will now that will be a catastrophe. at the word. the school principal part of an ethnic russian concurs he's convinced the country's many different cultures and languages are treasure worth protecting which is why he's refusing to heed moscow's decree to stop teaching the tard language. that gives you shouldn't label people as either clever russians or stupid tatars or vice versa that just crosses nationalist conflict which some people are keen to provoke that could end badly someday. but that the and that. who all i'm lost is that by teaching her students the touch our language. is helping them discover
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their touch our density. and her pupils want to keep the tartar language as a school subject for practical reasons to. me it's really helpful to know the tartar language when you live here many shopkeepers only speak to you no good at that that's because that is. knowing the language of your ancestors helps you better understand the culture and it makes for a more peaceful life force in the streets. as it stands these students will keep learning tarr because everybody here is eager to preserve their unique cultural heritage. well if you want to generate electricity irrigate your fields or collect drinking water said belt which is precise but environmentalists are raising the alarm saying the dams are having an irreversible impact on both the area's countries. crystal
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clear and it would appear untouched the gushing area's rodolph mountains along with other mountain rivers it is a natural paradise with a unique flora and fauna sunny used to love to come fishing here now he says there are hardly any fish left. me but it's been going on like this for years that the water level is sinking and there are less and less fish. some structures don't have anything left at all with all their net worth them up thirty rock. this concrete dam is the reason why it stores water to generate electricity pumping nearly all of it to a power plant nearby. what's left of the gushing ya is just a feeble trickle. the conservationist demeter coleman of has been examining these fatal side effects for years. well different motive but not that he
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did the any living creature comfort by doing. this pipeline diverts the gushing as water to a small power station. built by private investors and subsidized by the e.u. it's a lucrative business at the cost of the environment cohen now says. he did nothing against the developer to force him to fall below. what we see here he's in the political fold them. but a good side killed with the european union money. he wants to show us just how devastating it can get. we're heading to a neighboring valley. severe storms made the chair cosco river swell to a raging torrent that swept up tons of debris. since then the
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debris has blocked the dam and the river bet is drying up. the few the fish bowl to block the sheriff makes me angry i reckon afraid i will be called recalled whatever yeah i actually am now one is getting profit i kept on. thanks to the primitive dam the storms also ravaged the nearby village of my high call they relied on the dam for protection and on the promises made by the energy producers but they had to stand by and watch the floods sweep away entire houses. the people producing the electricity are getting all the money. and what do we get it's absolutely nothing. to date there are over two hundred seventy power stations in bulgaria one of them
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the giant chunk of coming down but environmental organizations say its electricity production is modest with only a small portion of the country's electricity coming from hydro power. nevertheless sophia's government has just approved three hundred more plants we asked the deputy minister responsible why. we inherited this issue from the previous government and we're trying to find a solution. that the problem is that the specialists and institutions involved don't always agree. and that's very important when construction has already been authorized the spanish. so responsibility is passed from one to the next while construction continues. but with each dam built nature dwindles along with a chance of attracting tourists to bulgaria as pristine rivers like here in the
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balkan range. cod and dimitar mana have had a small canoe shop here by the iscar river. now they fear for their future. if the river gets too slow there's no point in kayaking anymore. i'm. not far away what he dreads has already come true the procope hunted down his held by a shareholding company it's one of forty three power stations in its portfolio and there are more planned that reservoir is filled with muddy water gas bubbles burst at the surface pointing to a decay process below. the corporate speaker claims it's all part of the natural cycle. and. we inspect the river bed very closely physically and chemically what we see here is
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a completely normal seasonal process that would happen with or without us. it's a lame excuse in the eyes of environmental activist dimiter coonana of this moment that this is already a blow to top that we have temperature outlets talked to didn't. even. have to use that kind of water. and yet they keep laying more concrete. beyond the dams bulgaria still has many untouched and wild mountain rivers the question is for how long. on a different note how would you fancy going over treasure hunt it sounds exciting and it's an increasingly popular hobby all you really need is a metal detector and you can set out to look for finds like a whole lot of old gold coins i say hobby which is not quite true because the internet has turned this pastime into big business here in germany alone the number
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of artifacts sold on e bay has risen to something in the range of ten thousand a year traditional archaeologists like marianne bradley are say our heritage is at risk. they called treasure hunters detectorists or just plain looters plundered archaeological sites are a growing problem in germany million parkland is in charge of excavations at a two thousand year old roman burial ground whenever possible she and her team dig in secrecy for fear of illegal treasure hunters. then than twenty but when this all fever takes over they just keep digging and they might make off with crucial files that would have told us the dates or enabled some other conclusion is that vick discoveries that are forever lost to science it's hard to pin a monetary figure on the damage caused by illegal treasure hunters but police estimate it's in the millions of euros. treasure hunting with special detectors has evolved
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into a kind of sport many hunters wear camouflage and carry high tech equipment their after profit and adventure both. long it's a movement when you take up this hope you have certain expectations and then one day you might hear that signal somewhere that could indicate something really interesting and you think this is it. every year treasure hunters in germany hold a major event a big rally for digging up metal and gold coins whoever finds the greatest number of the most value is declared the country's national champion. gold gold gold the first signal the first corn and it's a major five a gold coin. many treasure hunters view it as a sport but not archaeologist marion barker at the championships she tries to talk
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to the detectorists as they call themselves and inform them about the damage they can cause and. my worst experience was when we were investigating a burial site during the night someone went through it with some kind of trident and dug up everything they call it one from them died you could see the marks it left and a lot of things were ruined this couple both players helped out by her colleague pay to head he often runs into detectors these days and always tells them that they need a permit and what to do if they find something legally. it should be labeled put in a finds bag and numbered. perfect. all of these are roman coins presumably from the first century. many detectorists throw stuff like this in the scrap boxes to here it's numbered measured and entered into the find report that's how it should be done many treasure hunters cooperate willingly with archaeologists
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but others resent what they see as unwarranted interference there after the adventure like axelle tale from carked he maintains a website called the german detectorists union. just claim you need a permit in general and that anyone who doesn't have one is considered a looter but that simply not true and for college i often heard a blanket statements like that you can go anywhere you want with your metal detector and not have to worry about restrictions that's absolutely false. the two sides are at loggerheads and there are black sheep in every community and some treasure hunters go off to bombs munitions and weapons like those found here in the high spot that's dangerous and just as illegal as digging in excavation sites without a permit. doesn't guns gets you there is a looters after a very specific objects they're organized like mafiosos they target certain burial mounds and dig illegally the whole thing is a commercial enterprise tied to the archaeologists it's a disaster when it's
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a thought and before you want to get up if in a grave there are bone carvings and burial objects but all the vessels and horns are already gone because someone stolen them. that's a huge loss for us the fan is the reason for ideally the archaeologists would like to turn their detectorists into partners and in the process help them understand the value the buried treasures have for posterity. and that's all from focus on europe this time around thanks so much for joining us and if you'd like to see any of our reports again just go to a home page on d.w. don't call them forward slash focus on europe old visit on facebook page fifty w. stories you can do come back next time around so when by i'm sure of the hour you. will. you be
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this is deja vu news live from berlin negotiators agree on a draft declaration on britain's future relationship with the european union british prime minister theresa may and the e.u. leaders hope to sign a declaration at a special summit this weekend but will it be enough for me to win the support of her verbally as lawmakers back home he's also coming up.

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