tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle November 23, 2018 9:00pm-9:31pm CET
stores november twenty fifth on. business news live from returning looted african the french commission recommends legal changes to allow colonial era artifacts to be returned to their countries of origin so will museums elsewhere in europe follow suit. the program. caught between a rock and spain. seems that it will have a say over his future otherwise it threatens to project
a new case for still with the e.u. . may not go ahead. on three saudi activists or with the old nobel loeb prize even though there are still a lot we'll find out more about their struggle to push for reform in the. i'm filled to the program. a french commission has recommended legal changes to allow african works of art to be returned to their countries of origin it follows up on a promise made by president emanuel mccraw a year ago to research on african artifacts stolen during frances colonial era proving he means business he's already agreed to return twenty six disputed twopenny the move is being seen as a milestone one that could put pressure increase pressure on museums elsewhere and
you. in a paris museum on the banks of the sen a palace of african art but the seventy thousand works here have a troubled past many of them were torn from their cultural home during the colonial era. a new report commissioned by french president emmanuel mccall says that france must return the art it stole. the authors found that as much as ninety five percent of subsaharan african art is held outside the continent. in but mean a country with a renowned art legacy france's move is being hailed as a step toward justice. by returning property is not a matter of victory for someone or failure for others because in the end it's not a battle. he needs these assets to strengthen its national economy to provide employment and also for all the cultural heritage managers and curators in this
country. back in paris some resistance french our dealers are skeptical that museums can or even should return the vast collections. is one of these things that looks like morally on its face give it back to who it belongs well what does it belong to and hasn't been in that country for over a hundred years and you know look france built the whole music in bali to respect these objects to preserve them to show them so it's a tricky thing i mean i'm actually kind of in favor of it but i'd like to see how it gets. completed france's wholesale return of looted african art would be historic and could trigger a response from other european countries with colonial era holdings. a chicken. who is an artist and professor of african art and african diaspora at princeton university in the united states is here above and speaking at
a symposium on the legacy of colonialism at the go to institute welcome to d w. is this an important decision from france of african countries been looking for this for some time well it's an acknowledgment of. demands that have been made for a long time by african states africans carlos' african activists who have been for a long time calling for the rest of the important cultural properties and materials and objects that were stolen away express appreciated by europe during the age of empires be expropriated is a nice long word for just stolen i'm intrigued by the way answers that they got if answers that they did in fact get right when they when they said so all that stuff
that you just took while you were plundering our country will you please give it back what was that what sorts of answers were they getting back from that. well there have been all kinds of and. you know. given for these demands at some point there were these sort of convenient arguments about the fact that many of these objects ended up in these so-called universal museums that had the mandate to curate world cultures and therefore natural homes for these objects regardless of how they came to the west this is this sounded like a great argument ten years ago but now we're at a place where such arguments are indefensible and when they say the. african countries don't have the facilities to properly look after and display these artifacts and do what you say so that. it is the classic response
of a thief if you know of a b.m.w. since when billy and. demand in that the owner of the car has to build a new facility for aids otherwise he will return this the in object so just stop your nonsense. from nigeria countries like nigeria have to ever be tracking who took these things or where these objects are now. that's him much more complicated process but there are objects that we know where they are who took them how they took them and the fact that they have not returned them and the classic case is the one about royal between objects been in bronzes. looted by british soldiers in one thousand nine hundred seven and this.
meticulously documented by the british and we know when they auction them off a year later we know where these things are. zeid in the present day so there are no questions about certain of these objects that we know who to them and we're asking for them to be returned it's ironic that two so meticulously recorded that one of them. so do you think they're now that this started in france do you think that this is likely to snowball do you think there are other countries other form a colonial power without looking at the museums and thinking well someone's going to come knocking well that's the problem the point is that there's no going back the point is that it precedence has been set by the leader of a western nation and so the question is what is the british government going to say what is their position what is the american what is the german what is
the danish they will now have to decide where these sit on this question is to return or not to return and we need to know their position going forward so the praises and i'm good so he thanks for joining us sir professor gulu from princeton university thank you thank you so much. space is increasing the pressure on the united kingdom of a brac set ahead of sunday's crucial a huge summit madrid wants a written commitment on the status of gibraltar as part of britain's withdrawal agreement prime minister petro sanchez says that current guarantees of your brother are not enough and is threatening to reject the brics a deal spain has a longstanding claim of the british territory which it ceded to have britain three hundred years ago it wants the bracks it withdrawal document to spell out that spain will have a say on the rocks future. let's hear more of this from d.w.
correspondent barbara very still in brussels welcome bob but never a dull day as well as saying it will veto it if it doesn't get its way spain's not a saying that there will also be no e.u. summit on sunday can spain do this. they can sure they can i mean every every one of the european leaders could at the last moment sort of say actually don't like this turn around and go home but it is a remarkable case of political grandstanding and it is also a very strange turn around because the question arises has to spain spends even representative who has been present throughout these negotiations in the last year to have totally been asleep on his feet or what was the matter why didn't he notice earlier that things were not going the way that spenders wanted them. now the problem we have is that spain isn't even content it was having a written declaration that its rights and desires it was regarded in future
negotiations but also they wanted to open the divorce agreement this is the five hundred eighty five the pages long it legally binding tome and they want to stick the. thing in there and that is more complicated because basically it's supposed to be closed so we do really not envy the sherpas of the e.u. governments were still sitting together here in brussels and trying to solve this problem because it's well known in the e.u. you do have these things up to the last second. before midnight but that spain would do this to them nobody expected it so i was just like is that to be regarded is this is this an unexpected problem to be expected when you do this sort of deal or is this a big thing. it is a big thing because it came flying out of the barrack and the question really is
why hadn't spain sort of said what we want this or that within the divorce agreement and they simply have been watching the process really and nobody notices whatever it's not that unusual but it is very unwelcome and pedro sundress the spanish prime minister is really not making any friends in brussels among his colleagues here in sort of now sort of stopping everything just before they are getting ready to get this get this out of get this finished and get it off the table so we'll see how this pans out but it doesn't really heighten the mood of a zillion brussels thank you a group of separatists storm the chinese culturalism the pakistani city of karachi killing two police officers and two civilians police say that all three attackers were also killed during an intense hour long shootout china is now asking pakistan to tighten security for its citizens in the country. the moment of the
attack the blast and inserting gunshots can be heard throughout kratos clifton neighborhood the attackers were wearing suicide vests and carrying hand grenades they came in a car loaded with explosives and tried to storm the building but pakistani police gunned him down before they could enter it eyewitnesses describe the horror that unfolded. they had huge question which they were carrying in their homes they detonated the grenades created a very small. and then you cannot imagine it was. two police officers and two civilians were killed in the assault as well as the attackers but the toll could have been much higher. staff. member of the chinese embassy has been harmed in any way our security forces arrived on the scene very quickly and neutralize the attack if they have managed to get in that could have been
a very big tragedy today we're also praising our security forces. a separatist group the bell actually variation ami was squeaking claiming responsibility the group openly oppose this chinese projects in the neighboring baluchistan province beijing a close economic ally to pakistan has invested billions of dollars into developing the country's infrastructure china condemned the attack but stressed it would stick to its commitment. china will continue to work with pakistan and bring more benefit to the people of pakistan china and the rest of the countries of the region. this is the highest profile attack in pakistan against chinese presence pakistani prime minister iran can has ordered an inquiry. ceremony has been held in stockholm the savings for the winners of this year's a bright livelihood awards often referred to as the alternative nobel they recognize the people who work off a solution is to problems this year's award winners include anti corruption
activists from latin america the farmer from became a fossil in africa but three of the winners of being honored in absentia three human rights activists from saudi arabia are still serving prison terms for pushing for reforms in the kingdom. they dared to pick a fight with the saudi royal family professor up to the need the lawyer. and the economist mohammad khatami in a country where women only recently gained the right to drive cars they fought for women's rights but they also defended freedom of expression and demand reform of the authoritarian political system in saudi arabia for this they were awarded the alternative nobel prize the three men did not pick up their war personally however the laureates were sentenced to between ten and fifteen years imprisonment and all are currently in jail after being convicted of charges relating to their human rights activities the jury in stockholm considers them role models. but even as
prisoners of conscience. are a great source of inspiration and hope for the people of saudi arabia and the wider gulf region. meter cofounders of the saudi association for political and civil rights which was forbidden by the royal family but the award in the ensuing media attention focuses a spotlight on the state of human rights in the gulf state and saudi arabia the death penalty is an integral part of the penal code not only convicted terrorists are sentenced to death but also shiite academics for example or adulterers homosexuality is treated as a criminal offense if women wish to renew their passport or open a bank account they need permission from their husbands fathers or uncles. but the first tentative hints of reform have emerged in two thousand and three there was a so-called national dialogue with other islamist groups like the shiites and sufi's in two thousand and fifteen women had their first chance to vote and even
run as a candidate now be it only in local elections and campaign posters with images of women were forbidden or the first woman to serve as ambassador to saudi arabia assumed her position a few days ago belgium's domine communion despite such creeping reforms saudi arabia remains an absolute monarchy the fates of abdulla. and mohamed fadel qahtani are proof of this. and julian cronan as a board member of the right livelihood award a foundation and a member of the jury she joins us from stucco welcome to. the side of the laureates we just saw still in jail what news have you had of that well we know that they know that they have to see a few words we know that they are in touch with their families but we also have no signs unfortunately that they're going to be released or pardon or whatever we had an action today at the saudi embassy to us with the unconditional immediate release
handed over signatures this is a joint petition continue with amnesty international unfortunately no change of the fact that there's still all interest in and tell us then about the motivation behind the awards because a ok those those three activists in saudi arabia the only activists in saudi arabia i mean you kind of get the impression that part of the reason for awarding their sister make a political point. well we certainly when we made the decision in the jury we wanted to point out that despite all of the news we hearing from saudi arabia that the human rights condition is actually getting worse that the regime is tightening the reins and we wanted to make that clear it was not a topic which was this constant as it being now and we wanted the specially to point out that all of those three activists that there is here to the universal
principle of human rights i mean we're celebrating the seventieth anniversary of human rights and we are absolutely sure that those are as you set role models for other activists in the middle east as well so the vanes this was the right livelihood i was often call the veil turn to save the nobel prize what do you think of that nickname. well first of all the journalists call us that that's the first thing secondly i think because of the history our founder wanted to to donate to more of a nobel prizes in the plantation said that's a good idea but sorry the list of prices is close yes or close in as to in the history but secondly i think there's a big difference first of all it's an open nomination process so everybody around the world can nominate people organizations who in their thinking solve very practically the most urgent problems on this planet so we're looking for because
matic visionaries would have to come up with sustainable and scalable solutions and then for us to work is only the beginning and the town dacian considers itself to be the shield and the megaphone of the laureates many of the laureates are threatened. so we start we support them after getting the award we help them to leverage their work with the observer status we have at the un in our office in geneva so it's just the beginning and i think that's very different from the classic nobel categories and again it's an open nomination system and we feel it's a little bit early and one's early detection system for what's going on the gap and one of the pragmatic vision is the award it is a sourdough go his a farmer from became a fast grow a forest in a desert he did it using traditional methods give it their traditional i'm thinking that lots of people were what doing it so what made him what he did so special teja
. weather unique change you're absolutely right he helped to reforest barren land which had been actually degraded by human behavior but the unique combination is that he has been innovating traditional techniques to be able not only to growth forests but actually crops to help to provide food security and that is that that is unique method which needs only local resources scalable he's training farmers so it's a very typical for nori to say here is a sign of hope somebody is actually turning around development which is really concerning all of us and one of the things we do at the work i mean we're not just getting desk research and say this is a good idea no after we find this is a valid valuable nomination somebody has to go down there and we see is that the leading authority on doing that are there other competing methods or do we could comfortable that that is the most outstanding and most valuable contribution in the
field to talk of you thank you so much for joining us our journey on that cronin from the right livelihood award a foundation thanks for joining us and this is our status here where there has a big day for american retailers assist black friday of course that's right phil of course this is a time of year again american shoppers are looking for huge bargains an estimated one hundred sixty four million of them are expected to hit the stores over the weekend a shopping frenzy signals the start of the holiday gift buying season and that's a critical period for retailers. it's midnight. and it's off to the races. so many on thanksgiving off to the tacky dinner comes the shopping frenzy in stools all across the u.s. thousands of customers are bogen hunting the holiday shopping season has begun.
this is such an exciting day for us this is where we kept up our holiday feast that you know many of these early signs during the holidays be celebrated tens of thousands of our customers and this year is no exception we pulled out all the stops offer great gifts at a great value. everything is on sale discounts a huge clothes. first come first serve. ok so it's worth waiting it's freezing cold my hair is a literary ice but i don't care this is a great opportunity you can save money. is a great place to be. but it's just to enjoy the crowds and enjoy the season with half the fun is to be out of all the people. but not everyone gets his kicks out of the stampede many professors shop online but whether it's brick and mortar so all sales on the website for retailers black friday remains a big deal between now and christmas many of them at bringing hof the year's revenues. and over to europe where workers in germany and spain are also marking
black friday but in a much different way they're striking one of the company's busiest days they say working conditions are unfair and they're pushing for collective bargaining agreements. this was the scene outside amazon's warehouse near madrid the walkouts carefully planned to coincide with one of the most important days in the retail giants calendar. trucks arriving with deliveries were left with little choice but to turn around this driver was even asked to join in the protest. yes or no but it's i mean very going to be doing this precisely today on black friday because we want to send a message to people that while it may be nice to do your shopping on the computer at home or in the office and receive the product the next day there are not of people here at this logistics center working incredibly hard under
a lot of pressure from our supervisors different go here made to maintain a high production process which translates into a deterioration in physical and mental health we want people to know about this about him they said today that. strikes also took place in germany and the u.k. where workers united under the harsh tug we are not robots amazon for its part denies treating workers poorly and says employees are offered competitive pay and comprehensive benefits it also stressed that black friday orders would not be affected by the action. much different side of what friday their. sports it's very much see that yes one of the world football's fiercest rivalries decided in front of tens of thousands of argentinian fans on saturday whether satirise clubs are the place to bucket juniors to face off in the second leg of the cup and the bitter daughters five sons take it very very seriously.
fifty thousand for an addict football fans is this a must win match no it's just a training session but they miss la bamba narrow stadium was packed with boca jr fans cheering on their heroes in preparation for the copa liberty doris final clearly this isn't a run of the mill clash bowker facing off against bitter rivals river plate it's the first time they've come up against each other in a copa libertadores final focus supporters saw their team drop two two in the first leg but won't be allowed to watch the return game at river plate stadium away fans are banned from derby matches in argentina. for their part river fans are nervous about the match. to be honest i'm a bit tense. went to sleep and dreamt about the match you know i want to be here soon but at the same time i'm nervous because i don't know if this game will ever
happen again. rivers supporters spaced lengthy queues to secure tickets both sets of fans will be hoping for a historic win over their cross-town rivals. before we go here's some stomach churning pictures of a new tourist attraction in thailand and certainly not for the faint hearted but it's a brave business to bangkok kineret my the city skyline glass walkway suspended more than three hundred metres above the ground the transparent only just south from the seventy eighth floor of one of titan's told the skyscrapers it's one for all you through seekers. that's not much now here's a reminder of our top story at this hour a french commission is recommending legal changes that will allow france to return lucy to african artworks the home countries most of the worst were taken during french colonial rule in africa during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. and
spain's increasing the pressure on the united kingdom overbred said the head of sunday's crucial e.u. summit madrid is demanding britain commitments regarding the status of gibraltar as part of britain's withdrawal agreement. and three human rights activists from saudi arabia and an african fama talking to certification are amongst this year's winners of the awards known as the. being on a ceremony this evening in the swedish capital structure and. that's it you're up to date more at the top of the hour course around the clock on the web site that's t w dot com i'm going to.
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transforming the more. busy humanity ready for. the second season of our documentary series founders failing. to join german founders and. at least for our digital future. understandably starts november twenty fourth d.w. . fourth theresa may every time the british prime minister thinks she's got a deal on breck's it's someone throws a spot in the works today it's a spanish as a you had the state get betty to sign britain's withdrawal deal on sunday spade is getting ready to sink it over gibraltar i'm phil gale in berlin and this is the day .