Skip to main content

tv   Arts.21 - Revolutionary and Hip as Ever Karl Marx  Deutsche Welle  November 26, 2018 5:30am-6:01am CET

5:30 am
the tears to haunt those who fled from syria. the war on my phone our two part documentary starts december eighth on d w. welcome to our twenty one. this time around we focus on a very famous man with a beard and a vision karl marx revolutionary thinker hero of the working class and pop icon he was born two hundred years ago. it would without my guess is that unimaginable that every completely different worse than our. marx denounced the power of capital and lived in poverty he wanted to start
5:31 am
a revolution wanted the workers of the world to free themselves from the chains of capitalism today he himself is a commodity mark sells so how relevant are his theories today. as over the hedge fund managers and captains of industry i've met are starting to read marx again. why is that twenty one takes a look at what col marx can tell us today and how he became who he was. all revolutions that so far only proven one thing namely that much can be changed but not human nature and i goes for myself as well how exasperating. was karl marx this man of many contradictions he was born in eight hundred eighteen in a small german town a trio the son of a lawyer his start in life was hardly proletarian the young coral soon stood out as
5:32 am
a vain non-conformist and a brutally outsider. while studying law in berlin he soon realized how much more exciting philosophy was he thinking fascinated him what if mankind could truly influence the core. of history and nothing was god given he joined rebellious student groups and became a foreign in the side of the prussians state in one thousand nine hundred eighty three he married his childhood sweetheart jenny fun best fun and although she adored his revolutionary ideas marx was less of a genius when it came to handling money he was constantly broke and not terribly faithful either. in the same year the young couple had to leave their home as marx's works were censored here so they headed for paris here marx met up with. the wealthy son of an industrialist the two inspired one another his loyal admirer
5:33 am
marx the shining light. how practical that anger has had money to fund them both marx himself much preferred thinking to working. in eight hundred forty eight his great work the communist manifesto was published as an angry response to industrialization in the one nine hundred century it called for an end to the exploitation of workers who were being killed toiling in capitalist factories and included his rallying cry working men of the world unite you have nothing to lose but your chains. marks the trouble maker one year later he was expelled from france and moved to england the heart of capitalism marx analyzed and scrutinized the mechanisms of this system only he who knows his enemy can defeat him. in one thousand nine hundred sixty seven marx published a huge book. he recognized that the work of many benefits the profit of the few
5:34 am
down with this evil system but what should take its place even marx had no definitive answer to that question. marks died in eight hundred eighty three a nineteenth century philosopher whose bold theories are today as exciting and. herschel as ever. the country that is more developed industrially only shows to the last developed the image of its own future. what would happen if karl marx rose from the dead and woke up in modern day london would he recognize the city where he lived in exile it may be a dream destination for well heeled tourists but with all its luxury sharps and flats it's a nightmare for the working classes. could marks afford to live in the inner city
5:35 am
absolutely not likely wind up sleeping in a phone booth so what would marx have to say today exploitation commodity fetishism and the power of money which of his theories are still relevant. at piccadilly circus i meet marx research and. she came to london a decade ago to study marxist writings in the libraries where he once read and conducting research privilege takes us on a walking tour through soho the area where marx once lived off first stop of former red lion harbor birthplace of a communist manifesto today it's a cocktail lounge but must be shocked. surely he would be surprised to see saw ford today because i think it was really it was about a. lot of german and european that if you actually lived here but i don't think you would be surprised to see capitalism
5:36 am
today i think of that actually he predicted many of the processes that we are witnessing today from you know the kind of globalization of a production entering into that increasing migration and internationalizing. not only of copy but those of the working class. comics himself has become a product marketed around the globe has even has some all in chinatown named after him well i guess even philosophers have to get a haircut sometimes. this is dean street where marx lived with his wife jenny and their children in a two room flat they barely had enough money for rent and food three of their children died during that time and so. marcus knew about the daily struggle for survival in his day people were literally worked to death in factories that still happens today in places like china and bangladesh but in europe too exploitation
5:37 am
remains common and has gotten worse in the wake of the economic crisis the crisis has led to increasing exploitation because one of the effect of the guys use doesn't been just cutting on social services lowering wages and so on but also lengthening of the working time working hours the number of people that work more than forty eight hours so we has increased by mean years after the crisis when we talk about exploitation with to talk about the working conditions of chinese workers in bangladesh seamstresses if we look at the struggles of workers. at the fox school and in china who protested against the new month conditions in the factories they actually kind of make it these are the live shows that are behind our commodities music hall but if we go to an opposite door here the people in it they are always saw the overworked so the awareness can actually
5:38 am
link together people from different parts of the ward i don't think it's something that concerns the countess in the south it's a kind of globalized experience that actually might serve the. pradelle of the leaves. the communist ideal of international solidarity and the power of the collective. are we really ready to do without to consume less so others have more from life. i'm on my way to the south of london to meet enough power she's a renowned expert on marx and a staunch feminist watch what marx have to say about the gender pay gap and gender inequality why are men still paid more than women for the same work. patriarchy and capitalism is a very you know a happy fit they love each other and that she will have to listen does is to reinforce the differences between men and women and to treat women as property. on
5:39 am
the basis of their capacity to reproduce. both singles most recognize this let's take a look into the future worlds where there's artificial intelligence doing labor for us. could it be that there won't be such a thing as a working class anymore we're not yet to the point at which you would say that robots can foster up babies or that we should be like employing robots to take care of older people's loneliness you know they have to try out these things in parts of the world rights of free enterprise for example there might be a destruction but they're not replacement for human contact on the one hand i'd be quite happy if women and men didn't have to so say if we could replace it with sex robots or something like that and if you could generate an ai did you know you did the job like that would be better in the sense that if you were human beings would be straighted. but at the same time i'm not sure this is like what we should be aiming for if it can help us be more together and more. and help each other fine
5:40 am
but otherwise no interest. lies buried in highgate cemetery marks is dead long live mox we need visionary thinkers like him more than ever as the problems of x. . taishan poverty and inequality remain unsolved car marks outlined a vision of a better world but it's up to us to created. vanity might be flattering but he who surrendered to fame end up an empty shell a mere shadow of himself. his ideas the revolutionary change society and altered the course of world history. but is that enough to make someone an icon. or a poster boy for communism
5:41 am
a cult figure a cartoon character no for that you have to have something more that says in something and a bushy maimed class plenty of facial hair contests either. for all your marks. i don't marks them step by. karl marx buddha heart and tar going on that as if you've got it. there's a. good. part of it and to pete's what. was his looks became his trademark dressed in circles change the code and rather hat at a dark moustache presto karl marx everyone knows him if not his works.
5:42 am
night is indeed a unique occasion in the history of television we are very privileged and deeply honored to have with us in the studio karl marx founder of modern socialism and author of the communist manifesto. the development of the industrial politics at its condition by. what of the development. of the industry yes today's analyses have been degraded to catchy slogans and marks himself has become almost a comic figure both eccentric and unworldly brave mom kamaishi final question. who won the cup final in ninety four i. was. nuts has become the ultimate pop icon he's among the famous faces featured on the beatles' late injury album cover for sergeant pepper's lonely hearts club band. and soon as there's any talk of revolution. men and white kids are sure to follow
5:43 am
their. love has come to stand for rebellion and nonconformity. the pop industry knows this and profits from it you. told me. last year the life of the young call monks came to the big screen the film depicts him as a firebrand who gave rousing speeches about the plight of the product area at different times with. different type histories here doesn't mean i'm sure people will be good that's my. part in six. months and two good friends too cool nineteenth century revolutionaries who aren't afraid of a run in with feel sorry she's mad sometimes in texas to transfer the social mission exemption season based exemption. the advertising industry loves provocative people who stand out from the crowd like
5:44 am
fidel castro visiting an old age home for revolutionaries people who fought against the power of money. darren kalmucks are among those here who. are. people. now mugs himself has been degraded to an instrument of capital. the means to sell this. much of what he stood for may be dead but part of mocks does live on in modern hipsters what they lack in manifestos they make up for with facial hair his bit could be mugs as most lost indexing. i don't want to hear any critique critique homes my spirit even if it sometimes is beneficial. it's time to celebrate come monks and where better to do it than in tree is best placed monks can be found
5:45 am
here on every street corner and in every shape and size several exhibitions are celebrating the town's made famous song. we avoid income are we want to place karl marx in his era and his century as well as in bed him in the discussions of our times so he's not isolated up there on a lonely pedestal. take him down from his pad to some he is an invitation to get to know someone who was previously just been ideology. like this during public for the first time for trey's a young scene that's what friends are. not his muse does a projection screen searching for traces in the communist manifesto i have eleven two hundred editions translated into almost sixty languages and each has its own interpretation of. the manifesto in chinese. the country has a particularly close relationship with its idol col marks the liberator the critic
5:46 am
of compass lism this is how the communist party in china most likes to see him face and travel groups to tree house where marx was born is a hot spot of red tourism b.s. is a very great for man you know. it's what. we were taught in school i think he's a very famous and excellent revolutionary. also started. there with his real time marks comments expressed many important opinions and is very important for china also for the revolution. which is why a modern interpretation is called for a marx rap anthem commissioned by chinese state television for the. coolest people listening to hip beats rather than reading pride bokes how marx can appeal to the young chinese system the masses a lot in common with a generation that was born post ninety's. this is chinese quote that translates as
5:47 am
marx is a post nine hundred kid to the cool guy who can relate to and have stuff in common with that's what's behind this relaunch of his image of to both our. image grooming and a country which could not be further removed from the idea of a classless society a country where hard core capitalism rules and censorship human rights violations is this the freedom mark street dot. com missed because the communist party of china has always officially referred to marx but not always this explicitly. basically china sees the financial crisis of two thousand and eight two thousand and nine as an opportunity to promote the chinese system all. this means if the communist party of china talks about marxism today it doesn't necessarily have a great deal to do with his works. in his anniversary year marks is also available
5:48 am
in x x al created by an artist loyal to the party the statue was a gift from china to the city of tria. so you could dress excess the china is highly is a validation of marxism or christian or. the ideology of karl marx is correct and should be protected as the heritage of all of mankind through party he is in our hearts in a huge way why. this figure is also huge five and a half meters of hero worship for the city of korea accept such a gift or does this mean the city is paying homage to a communist system there is a hefty criticism from dissidents. in she now in china millions and millions of people have been killed in the name of marxism. this regime this past instead of coming to terms with the past it is foisting such a huge outdated monstrosity onto the city of tree. leaves and whilst
5:49 am
home that. runs giant is a political issue and planted right in the heart of korea. that what. caused this statue is not a work of art or a historical figure it's an instrument of propaganda from the chinese government your. me as decided it is a welcome gift now comics has been placed on the pedestal he was meant to come down from had a solid communist ideology. the thought that this means that the ideology is also being honored of course it's problematic but on the other hand it's part of what we have to go along with today or. one more tourist attraction for chinese pilgrims. mark says not only been claimed by dubious state ideologies but is also a darling of merchandising but you have to wonder what the critical philosophy of
5:50 am
really have been flattered. the worker becomes all the poorer the more wealthy producers the devaluation of the world a man is in direct proportion to be increasing value of the world of things. in an age of terror capitalism high frequency trading and hedge funds some are wondering was karl marx right after all the documentary system era looks at the state of the world and probe sarup session with unlimited economic growth. is a very good a difficult thing. to offer so how much is it to satisfy human appetites to learn to do for as a whole is watched a few how does. this work of. growth at any price
5:51 am
is that the new religion direct if you'll be an altered says film delves into the world of high finance meets global players and looks for the era in the system. required for a long ass of myself why politicians business people and even ordinary citizens are so obsessed with economic growth even though we've known for forty years that this growth is harmful in the end that infinite growth isn't possible on a finite planet. well that's looks back to the time of germany's post-war economic miracle. back then no one was talking about a crisis of capitalism. if we look at the history of west germany it's clear that economic growth practically gave it an identity after the second world war a positive identity. because. then came the oil crisis of the seventy's and the boom times look set to end financial controls were loose and the era of
5:52 am
unfettered capitalism began so the so-called big bang. the city was all about financial deregulation let's go let the market decide where money now talks now money wins money rules the world opens shows how the pressure to create growth keeps increasing shows the insanity of the numbers involved. to confront sexual beyond just the instinct of getting what i want. to go to the market to is fantastic i already see this. new myself as the capital of the system i'm committed to that system. if. everyone realizes that we've entered a new level of capitalism one that's pushing its own limits even stock market traders in new york even high frequency traders who deal in this heart of darkness
5:53 am
every day say they don't understand it anymore. the number of those who don't understand it is growing along with the cost of this unlimited growth in china markets are expanding at a mind boggling rate. every year in a range of ten or fifteen calls ought to be zero that's why when i look around to every time i'm asking about the perspective of the market i cannot do measures a dime ation of this market when i have the reference of one point four billion which is even more important than the whole of europe. take much of it also brazil's third largest state the rain forest is being destroyed to make the state one of the world's biggest food produces. was invented newsreels as a part of that. you'll struggle song a song over they say about our coins. the new cans for. money they won't.
5:54 am
because the leaves are going to. think you be implemented god and thanks. to understand the power of the markets in its travel the world to talk with brokers and bank has many disturbing admissions. so there's this idea that. the markets are. somehow going to support. a very very large base of the population and kind of produce returns for them when in our space all we do is try to eliminate those returns i mean that's the job. and his column knocks comes in.
5:55 am
because i think the rideable number of the things he analyze it i highly topical today he predicted a lot of things happen for a while and even the hedge fund managers and captains of industry i've met are starting to read marx again to understand what's going on around them. i think what we've seen over the last few years is cracks in the in the shiny surface of capitalism and look more and more closely. and you see this you see that these cracks go right so the heart of the model. in this film is a cool to take a closer look at those cracks to search for the era inherent in the system just as calm ox once did.
5:56 am
and that was all from art's twenty one hallmark special on his two hundredth birth . today the great thinkers ideas are being revived marx is omnipresent could he be the answer to turbo capitalism unlikely marx is simply what we make a family. law . on. the move. i'm going to.
5:57 am
go. for a mob. boss sensational find a never before seen interview with the bin green on the founding of israel long sought to be lost as you've been languishing in our constance nine hundred sixty eight just handed admissions are also surprising if. you had many decisions to make which were unpopular at the time you decided to suck german reparations that was very important to. the fifteen minutes long.
5:58 am
board more. or. crate yourself. interior design channel on. this is g w two small i go from berlin to bring in our correspondent ophelia harms a routings and joins us from rio de janeiro we are here to find out what happened to debbie is sunny again she is the head of the environmental change with the car spun that some decades of planetary and we do have some of breaking news that's coming into us now it's all about perspective closer up w. news. thank you for joining us. the remains. of the shoes of the families from the lady of. the. plane the.
5:59 am
british columbia response. would. love to be chums. schuessler sholem aleichem to play last summer's. mum mum. mum oh mum. some. respect. frank food. international gateway to the best connection salsa you know road and radio. located in the heart of europe you are connected to the whole world.
6:00 am
experience outstanding shopping and dining offers and trialling some of. surf's. be our guest at frankfurt airport city managed by fraport. the u.n. security council has called an emergency meeting after russia fired on and sees three ukrainian naval ships off the coast of crimea russia accuses ukraine of illegally entering its waters while ukraine denies any wrongdoing on monday ukraine's parliament is set to vote on imposing martial law over the incident. the european union has signed off on a divorce agreement for britain's departure from the block in brussels e.u. chief john clojure inquest dress the eight.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on