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tv   Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People  Deutsche Welle  November 26, 2018 7:30am-8:01am CET

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inventors entrepreneurs and high tech professionals talk about their visions successes and day to day business the difference. in history in the everyone. is the. mission. of. digital africa starts december twelfth on w. o n a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we begin in southern spain which is one of the largest gateways for illegal drugs entering the european union every day traffickers smuggle tons of hashish across the
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mediterranean from morocco it's an uneven battle between the local police and the gangs transporting the drugs in high powered speedboats all the more remarkable therefore the recent arrest of drug baron francisco tech haun his gang is believed to control eighty percent of the hashish that passes through the town of la linea telecoms have c.-o. . that the spy that's arrested in your remains a key hub for the narcotics business not surprising given that the straits of gibraltar is a very narrow channel at this point out so that fact that youth unemployment in the area is up to around eighty percent while young men can earn a thousand euros a day through traffic for their part the people of the town say the situation is getting worse by the day. the african coastline is just barely visible on the horizon yet morocco one of the biggest hashish producers worldwide is just thirty kilometers away more drugs than ever before are passing
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through la linea dellec concepts young spain people are worried but in a lot of them there's never been this battle the empathy the rigors bring rocks here but not on the scale in the most real reality everyone is talking about it they mark the message that their town seems to be getting more and more dangerous all the time a little nothing but he also. the police are stretched beyond their means in the fight against drug smugglers both on land and at sea sometimes after a spectacular chase they can catch the speedboats the smugglers used to carry the drugs over to spain but this police officer who wants to remain anonymous says they mostly failed the id. scam with the drugs from over there up to the beach. with the. guy that i found four wheel drive vehicles drive down from the road load up the packets and take off all on record so i'm. right that means there's no
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time to intervene little bit of. the officer shows us where they take the hashish for safety reasons we only film from inside the car. we're going all of these big gates and high walls are supposed to block the view. and the look the drugs tractors and the boats. hashish passes through this region into europe by the time thirty mafia gangs share the business hundreds of them counted boats and vehicles have ended up in this compound but that's just a small fraction the officer says the police need more tip offs from the locals to catch more smugglers but they're not very co-operative. look at the local difficult problem is that the drug trade has become part of the society. many people support
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the smuggling because they live from it it's so they don't want to stop and give it to. nobody. with unemployment at some thirty five percent and low incomes people are being lured into the lucrative drug trade. as many feet it's easy money with this us persona so these people's kids are ironically to look for a steady job but if they just follow in their father's footsteps. too isn't it a fact. violence is on the rise here too in early spring twenty eighteen twenty armed persons forced their way into the local hospital and freed a drug dealer the patient was under police guard. many residents are taking to the streets they're afraid and they're demanding a harder line against the drug gangs among them is linnaeus mayor. he feels the government is doing nothing and his city has become the cesspit of the entire coast
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. of africa south america you get the impression that they would like to concentrate the problem in one area rather vengeance they claim. i'm not saying it's a couch in a plan that. parker i'm not paranoid. no but the government simply has to do more for this region to look in your career. for. the authorities have a quip to the police with faster boats and are now trying to gain control of the situation. but this police officer says that's just not enough the problem is already far too large the authorities no longer rule linea the drug gangs do police officers have even been assaulted. by you know you. know fellow officers or seriously consider. in applying for
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a transfer. we don't have the proper means to protect ourselves how are we going to ensure safety for a whole community. not us. the drug trade in the name brings in those involved over three hundred million euros every year and the police are finding it difficult to change that. the united kingdom might be on the verge of breaking away from the rest of europe but consolation is at hand for british citizens wanting to drown their sorrows because english wine is booming that's right english why enthusiastic wine makers like ben and christina taking advantage of climate change to step up production vintages into competing with europe's best. these grapes could give french wine makers a headache. on this particular part of the shop near the back that
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we can get from quite tropical kind of roy. stone fifty five is coming through. tropical in this kind of weather. here in east sussex in southeastern england the organic grapes take more time to ripen. and they're harvested later than in most of continental europe. we don't have a lot of sun we don't have a lot of heat so it's kind of growing a lovely delicious part of. you know considering that the second stance is. kristen celtic used to work as a p.r. advisor now she's a wine growers in part thanks to climate change. it does rain a lot here in east sussex but temperatures are rising steadily making conditions ideal for the british sparkling wine which could give france's champagne region some competition. champaign used to be
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a relatively marginal climate it was colder growing grapes and making wine now is warmer there and it's i had a chap who visited the vineyard from champagne and he was from a champagne growing making family and he said that the climate in the u.k. is similar to what he grew up in champagne forty years ago grower ben smith is confident that the english grapes can take on french champagne there's a lot of tastings out there that have happened blind tastings pitching the best english talking minds against champagnes in a blind tasting so nobody can see the label and english ones come out competed with the best. does this mean that britain might one day be self-sufficient in one production and independent of the rest of europe. an unofficial taste test shows that this is no understatement at least when it comes
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to bubbly britain can free itself from the continent for its it does happen we have champagne so we're not too worried compared with germany and france and cool so we don't produce anywhere near the quantity that this does to know there's this we can produce some really tasty stuff. the wine growers have big plans for the upcoming years. kristin has already bought some more land to further her wine growing ambitions. and cheers to the u.k. in the difficult weeks and months that inevitably lie. now the republic of tatarstan is located in russia's volga district with its capitol cuz it's home to the tall tall people who are very proud of their culture and just as proud of their language but that makes them suspicious in moscow's eyes and the russian
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authorities have now ruled that the total language should no longer be mandatory teaching in the republic schools prompting fears that culture is endangered but there is resistance. these are the sounds of touch are learning the language through song is how the ethnic ta-ta or lay son can i have a teacher said to her primary school students that these touch our children can still learn their native language is thanks to the school principal pavel of he has refused to let go of his touch our teachers in defiance of the central education authority in moscow last year it had ordered an end to tar intact are stand as a required subject prompting teachers to be fired. at which implore the doctor could link it is the decision was back before the touch our culture with the toilets and riders is very interested he could do not what they will be learned
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about if the language is removed as a required subject or that there will be the beginning of the end of the tar culture but i think diversity is important to the new view that. the qataris are majority muslim ethnic group they have lived in touch our stand a republic within russia for centuries peacefully coexisting with russians and many other ethnicities. within the walls of the citadel in class on the republic's capital a mosque and church side by side symbolize a long history of balancing local custom with the majority culture. although there were public lost and special status the tarsa always been viewed as autonomy as in russia and that independent. streak has not gone unnoticed in moscow a year ago president vladimir putin demanded that schools in tatarstan only teach russian as a required language no more tatar the decree came as a shock to the tartarus michel your shake love is the chairman of the society of
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the russian culture of tatarstan he thinks the touch ours have too many rights in their republic which could lead them to split off from russia tar is a useless language he says because the tars all speak russian anyway. but the guy will go through the store just for look at the stone the republic of tatarstan is not an independent state but the stone it is always and forever a part of russia. that would all the symbols of state are nothing more than decoration it's an imitation so ta ta as some kind of state language is best to be abolished. because it's. found us sufi a former deputy in russia's parliament disagrees and tirelessly. he's concerned russian ethno nationalism is undermining the stability of the vast multi-ethnic country. he thinks russia will only remain
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a strong country when its many different ethnic groups and nations enjoy cultural autonomy. i'm not worried that our target our language and culture will vanish i think they'll survive biz but it can and measure but smaller ethnic groups could end up losing their identity of these new regulations aren't scrapped using your will now there will be a catastrophe you mary. at the word. the school principal part of an ethnic russian concurs he's convinced the country's many different cultures and languages are a treasure worth protecting which is why he's refusing to heed moscow's decree to stop teaching the tard language. that gives you shouldn't label people as either clever russians or stupid tartarus or vice versa that just causes nationalist conflict which some people are keen to provoke that it could end badly someday. but
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that the embed. who fall in losses by teaching her students the touch our language les sung is helping them discover their tartaric density. and her pupils want to keep the tartar language as a school subject for practical reasons to. me it's really helpful to know the tartar language when you live here many shopkeepers only speak. good at that because that is. knowing the language of your ancestors helps you better understand the culture and it makes for a more peaceful life force reach. as it stands these students will keep learning touch our because everybody here is eager to preserve their unique cultural heritage. well if you want to generate electricity irrigate your fields or collect drinking water then build a dam which is precisely what the authorities in boulder area been doing creating
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a vast network of as many as three hundred and hydroelectric plants with many more planned but environmentalists are raising the alarm saying that dams are having an irreversible impact on borg areas countries. crystal clear and it would appear untouched the gushing involved areas rodolph mountains along with other mountain rivers it is a natural paradise with the unique flora and fauna sunniest of young used to love to come fishing here now he says there are hardly any fish left. but it's been going on like this for years that the water level is sinking and there are less and less fish topic or some structures don't have anything left at all with all of their net worth them up thirty rock. this concrete dam is the reason why it stores water to generate electricity pumping nearly all of
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it to a power plant nearby. what's left of the gushing ya is just a feeble trickle. the conservationist demeter coleman of has been examining these fatal side effects for years. well before noted but not that he did but any living creature comfort by doing. this pipeline diverts the gushing as water to a small power station. built by private investors and subsidized by the e.u. it's a lucrative business at the cost of the environment cohen now says. he did nothing against the developer to force him to fold a lot. we feel here he's in a bit of them i hope it does but it gets i killed with the european union money.
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he wants to show us just how devastating it can get. we're heading to a neighboring valley. severe storms made the chair cosco river swelled to a raging torrent that swept up tons of debris. since then the debris has blocked the dam and the river bet is drying up. you can see the fish pop told the block be sure it makes me angry i reckon it's great i thought because it will but even yeah i actually i'm now one man is getting profit i pulled up and. thanks to the primitive dam the storms also ravaged the nearby village of my high call they relied on the dam for protection and on the promises made by the energy producers but they had to stand by and watch the floods sweep away entire houses. the people producing the
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electricity are getting all the money. and what do we get it absolutely nothing. today there are over two hundred seventy power stations in bulgaria one of them the giant sun called coming down but environmental organizations say its electricity production is modest with only a small portion of the country's electricity coming from hydro power. nevertheless sophia's government has just approved three hundred more plants we asked the deputy minister responsible why. why the. we inherited this issue from the previous government and we're trying to find a solution. that the problem is that the specialists and institutions involved don't always agree. and that's very important
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when construction has already been authorized the british. so responsibility is passed from one to the next while construction continues. but with each dam built nature dwindles along with a chance of attracting tourists to bulgaria's pristine rivers like here in the balkan range. card and dimitar man and have a small canoe shop here by the car river. now they fear for their future. if the river gets too slow there's no point in cracking anymore. not far away what he dreads has already come true the procope down his held by a shareholding company it's one of forty three power stations in its portfolio and there are more planned that reservoir is filled with muddy water gas bubbles burst
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at the surface pointing to a decay process below. the corporate speaker claims it's all part of the natural cycle. we inspect the riverbed very closely physically and chemically what we see here is a completely normal seasonal process that would happen with or without us. it's a lame excuse in the eyes of environmental activist demeter kumar not at this moment that this is already a blow to top that we are temperature and place oxygen. cut it down for me not to use that kind of water. and yet they keep laying more concrete. beyond the dams bugg area still has many untouched and wild mountain rivers the question is for how long.
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on a different note how would you fancy going over treasure hunt it sounds exciting and it's an increasingly popular hobby all you really need is a metal detector and you can set out to look for finds like a whole lot of old gold coins i say hobby which is not quite true because the internet has turned this pastime into big business here in germany alone the number of artefacts sold on e bay has risen to something in the range of ten thousand a year traditional archaeologists like marianne brigalow say our heritage is at risk. they called treasure hunters detectorists or just plain looters plundered archaeological sites are a growing problem in germany maggie and parkland is in charge of excavations at a two thousand year old roman burial ground whenever possible she and her team dig in secrecy for fear of illegal treasure hunters. then than twenty but when this all fever takes over they just keep digging and they might
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make off with crucial fines that would have told us the dates or enabled some other conclusion is that vick discoveries that are forever lost to science it's hard to pin a monetary figure on the damage caused by illegal treasure hunters but police estimate it's in the millions of euros. treasure hunting with special detectors has evolved into a kind of sport many hunters wear camouflage and carry high tech equipment they're after profit and adventure bugs. don't get on with when you take up this hope you have certain expectations and then one day you might hear that signal somewhere that could indicate something really interesting and you think this is it. every year treasure hunters in germany hold a major event a big rally for digging up metal and gold coins finds the greatest number of the most value is declared the country's national champion. gold
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gold gold the first signal the first corn and it's a major find a gold coin. many treasure hunters view it as a sport but not archaeologist marion barker at the championships she tries to talk to the detectorists as they call themselves and inform them about the damage they can cause and. my worst experience was when we were investigating a variance site during the night someone went through it with some kind of trident and dug up everything they could one for me and you could see the marks it left and a lot of things were ruined this couple of players helped. he often runs into detectorists these days and always tells them that they need a permit and what to do if they find something legally. it should be labeled put in
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a finds bag and numbered. perfect. all these are roman coins presumably from the first century. many detectorists throw stuff like this on the scrap boxes to here it's numbered measured and entered into the find report that's how it should be done many treasure hunters cooperate willingly with archaeologists but others resent what they see as unwarranted interference there after the adventure like axelle telephone carked he maintains a website called the german detectorists union well i should just claim you need a permit in the general and that anyone who doesn't have one is considered a looter but that simply not true and for college i often heard a blanket statements like that you can go anywhere you want with your metal detector and not have to worry about restrictions that's absolutely false. the two sides are at loggerheads and there are black sheep in every community and some treasure hunters go off to bombs munitions and weapons like those found here in the
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i just felt that's dangerous and just as illegal as digging in excavation sites without a permit. doesn't guns gets you those are looters after a very specific objects they're organized like mafiosos they target certain burial mounds and dig illegally the whole thing is a commercial enterprise tied to the archaeologists it's a disaster when it's a thorn in before you want to get up if in a grave there are bone carvings and burial objects but all the vessels and horns are already gone because someone stolen them. that's a huge loss for us the fan who is the reason for lost ideally the archaeologists would like to turn their detectorists into partners and in the process help them understand the value the very treasures have for posterity. and that's all from focus on europe this time around thanks so much for joining us and if you'd like to see any of our reports again just go to a home coach on d.w.
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dot com forward slash focus on europe old visit our facebook page fifty w. stories you can do come back next time around so and by by i'm sure if you were out for you. you an. illusion will you and.
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digital it means who's more transforming the moral views humanity ready for it move this time on founders valley entrepreneur song or your takes a trip to korea where education is key. people are driven to succeed at any cost. can and tech startups help bring about
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a change. driven to succeed the founders valley thirty minutes on w no force. climate change. waste. pollution c. isn't it time for good news eco africa people and projects the. changing alabamans for the better it's up to us to make a difference let's explain each other. to what the environment magazine. w. . first day of school in the jungle. first claiming lists and doris crane moment arrives
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to. join the running taking on her turning back to freedom. in our interactive documentary. the world. returns home on t.w. dot com. flint. as. luck.
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plays. this is t w news coming to you live from berlin a dangerous crisis escalates after russia sees his three ukrainian naval ships crush opens fire at the vessels near its new bridge dominating the narrow strait for the next crimean peninsula moscow claims the bessel entered its waters it legally to move these two angry protests in kiev where the ukraine government says
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it could introduce martial law. also on the program. on her return from brussels british prime minister theresa may face is the man.

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