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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  November 27, 2018 9:00am-9:31am CET

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this is d.w. news coming to you live from berlin is it posturing or could ukraine and russia be headed for open war ukraine imposes martial law all in parts of the country saying russia has entered a new phase of oppression do suffer the russian coast guard on sunday seizing two ukrainian naval ships anna tugboat off the crimean peninsula also on the program mexico says it's to portraying dozens of migrants who tried to rush the border near san diego into the united states but is demanding an investigation into the use of tear gas by u.s.
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police firing across that border. also coming up bravery in the face of a child be in russia and our special series we meet one man who's living very publicly with the virus that causes aids his pain to fight the stigma attached to those who are hiv positive in his hometown. can compare. not so subtle breaks as it spacecraft inside lands on mars probe will dig beneath the red planet's surface and send back vital data that scientists have been deployed dreaming about for decades. hello i'm terry martian good to have you with us ukraine has imposed martial law on parts of the country following russia's seizure of ukrainian warships on sunday.
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the measures applied to mostly border regions to prevent what ukraine's president called an extremely serious threat of a russian invasion a number of western nations have condemned moscow but the kremlin insists that it was provoked in a moment we'll cross to our correspondents in kiev and moscow but first a look back on how this latest escalation began. russia see causing waves of international concern a russian military ship rams into a ukrainian tugboat off the coast of crimea the vessel was light a fire has been captured by the russians along with two of the ships and dozens of ukrainian seamen several of whom were injured. the united nations security council held an emergency meeting where western countries accused russia of stoking an already deadly war with ukraine. what we witnessed this weekend is yet another reckless russian escalation it is an arrogant act that the international community
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must condemn and will never accept. in response russia's representative said the ukrainian ship had violated its territorial waters with moscow says the incident was a provocation by ukrainian president petro poroshenko to boost to support an upcoming elections. because of them in kiev publishing co has declared a state of martial law for thirty days but insisted it would not interfere with the looming presidential vote. in brussels nato secretary-general warned russia that its actions would have consequences that is no justification for the use of military force against ukrainian ships and naval personnel so we call on our show to release immediately their crane and sailors and ships it seized yesterday. see traffic is again flowing through the disputed waters after russia briefly
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blocked the crucial passage but moscow says it will continue to hold the ukrainian ships and silas while it conducts its own investigation. for more on this story we're joined now by our correspondent nick conley in kiev and emily short one in moscow good morning to you both nick ukraine has imposed martial law what kinds of power does this give ukrainian authorities and how will that help them solve this crisis. good morning terry well this is unprecedented in all the years of conflict we've seen here in ukraine off the annexation by russia of crimea and the conflict in the east this has never happened before this is. basically this gives the government the option to restrict civil liberties anything from freedom of speech to freedom of assembly giving the police more powers and also potentially allowing for the mobilization of all me reservists
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having said that we still haven't seen much detail this was voted through late last night in pretty chaotic parliament tree assembly it wasn't clear for a long time if it would actually get the number the required number of votes it did . but whether this is just an option the government is giving itself for the case of escalation with russia or if we're going to see a direct impact on every day ukrainians lives we still don't know and this is what will come out of today really. western nations are calling on russia to release the ukrainian sailors and ships it has seized is that likely to happen. well sorry doesn't seem like there will be a concession on that issue from russia any time soon especially because russia considers that it captured those vessels and those sailors absolutely legally they absolutely here in russia see that they acted correctly and according to russian
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and international law in fact the russian side is very much been categorized grise in what happened as a ukrainian invasion you have to remember that russia considers the us of sea to be russian waters after the annexation of crimea in two thousand and fourteen which of course ukraine does not recognize and russia has also been categorizing ukraine as the aggressor in this situation yesterday we saw a statement from the f.s.b. the russian security services saying that actually it was the ukrainian vessels that pointed their guns at the russian vessels first and threatened them so. russia categorizing ukraine as being in the wrong and ukraine as being the aggressor here so i don't think any concessions on the crew and the vessels that were captured and time soon terry. nick points out russia regards what happened there as
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a ukrainian invasion explain to us how the disputed waterway we're talking about here is shared and why it's so important to you chris. well terry overseas before the russian accession crimea twenty fourteen you had ukrainian control crimea on the western side of the straits and then the russian mainland on the eastern side and they shared control over this waterway to the sea of us all of which then also sea is shared by ukraine by ukrainian and then the russian side since russia took over crimea basically they have also had defacto control over access the sea of as of something that ukraine in the west of the do not recognize but this is crucial not just for crimea this is not just something about sovereignty in an abstract sense this is also about don't boss about the conflict that ukraine has with russia because tens of thousands of jobs depend on the pull. of being able to get trade in and out if it's the sea turns
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into a military zone with no real axis from outside that could really destabilize the situation in the east of ukraine where it had seemed in recent months that things had become calmer and more stable. and that was nick conley talking to us from kiev you also saw emily sure when they were both speaking to us a short while ago emily from moscow now some of the other stories making headlines around the world today europe's top court is holding an urgent hearing today over whether the u.k. can unilaterally reverse its decision to lead the european union a group of probe into scottish lawmakers launched a court challenge hoping decision could ultimately stall breaks it but the british government says it has no intention of stopping divorce proceedings. tunisian activists have protested a visit to the country by saudi crown prince muhammad bin saw none he's there as part of his first foreign trip since the murder of journalist jamal the saudi
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arabia has come under intense pressure over the killing and deny that the crown prince was involved. and u.s. . prosecutors say donald trump's former campaign chairman paul metaphor has violated the terms of a plea deal with the justice department the same out of court lied to investigators probing russian interference in the twenty sixteen election despite agreeing to help them he's currently behind bars awaiting sentencing on conspiracy charges mexico says it's deporting scores of migrants who tried to illegally cross into the united states on sunday a peaceful protest by migrants descended into chaos after hundreds tried to force their way across the frontier in tijuana u.s. guards fired tear gas at the group which included children but police making dozens of arrests on both sides of the fence mexico says it's called on the u.s.
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to investigate the use of tear gas during the incident u.s. president donald trump threatened on twitter to permanently close the border with mexico. correspondent stefan the simons is yon see dro border crossing on the u.s. side of the border there with mexico and he joins us now stefan what's the situation now has a calm down. significantly you can say that definitely. over the course of the day though on the mexican side as well as on the u.s. side of. security more. on the u.s. border police. police on the mexican side trying to make this border more secure in terms to prevent something like what happened on sunday happens here again. and traffic is back to normal and that means on the other side behind me.
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moving into the united states hundreds and hundreds and hundreds remember all the people who. are working to come today and probably tomorrow to do their holiday shopping which they missed on. now mexico is set to deport scores of migrants. managed to breach of security cordon and tried to cross into the u.s. yesterday are more deportations likely to fall. thirty nine that's the number today and all those thirty nine people will be deported to the u.s. . sixty nine people they made it actually on to u.s. soil and of course they will be deported directly to now we have another number. up to two hundred people from sunday will be deported in the next few days. will then . lead up to the united states this is
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i think everybody. but also a sound. evaluation of the situation is that this is not going to stop anything there will be more central american migrants coming through. and there will be probably more attempts to jump the fence and cross the border people over there in the background. you have. are in shelters and five thousand three thousand just a few days ago and the situation there is not really great. seven thank you very much for bringing us up to date their stuff on symonds at the us mexico border. later this week on saturday december the first it will be the thirtieth anniversary of world aids day over the past three decades hiv has gone from being an eventual death sentence to a disease that can be managed with the retroviral medication despite these advances
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those living with hiv often face stigma in russia one young hiv positive man has gone very public hoping to change attitudes there our moscow correspondent. went to meet him. from the media. i don't like it when people point at me and say that i'm contagious. i hear the worst kinds of insults on the streets or restock up on the positives from voting vitale has been h. of a positive for eleven the g.s. doctors are you to puncture. i want to let everyone know that hiv is not a death sentence where people just like everyone else. the only thing that makes me different are the four bills that i take every day to keep me from dying that was new to me. but these pills that keep him from dying as a tonic also them are not a cure for
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a different problem but the stigmatization of people with h. i.v. . to fight the stigma vitale has come up with an unusual idea. he wants to confront people with his illness by publicly outing himself as he posted. a used course i missed. this huge stigma surrounding a job the positive people in russia comes from fear and many still think that h.l.v. can be transmitted by breathing the same air that it's hiv people should just be rounded up written out and sent away. to the moon somewhere to mars the rest to just disappear out of view is very hurtful and it. became. vitale wants to start his campaign in his home town your criterion boruc he knows it could be dangerous his aim is to break down the barrier as it has existed
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between him and the build around him since he got his diagnosis. he's black are treats i'm h. i.v. pose itif. me if you're not afraid. it's a proto. against loneliness and a challenge. just grow same one i told my mother eight years after i was infected and you know the first thing she said to me was we had such high hopes for you for her it meant that i was through in my mother's world hiv positive people are no longer human they're dead. and what to do passes by see. me really not scared you know i'm
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a doctor with all the best. shot we hocked if only if you're not scared. why should i be thank you so much. if you more people hug me and i'm just going to cry i'm overwhelmed. this makes me stronger and i'm beginning to realize that i didn't out myself for nothing you know yes. even on a cold november evening is the reaction still vitaly milonov skinned his openness about his age and he status have been surprisingly warm however vitale knows it to bill take many more activists like him before people we think russia can be sure that they will be treated with respect. to w.'s euro shatter reporting there now one small step closer to unlocking the secrets of the red planet nasa's in sight spacecraft has touched down on mars and this picture behind me
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a kind of selfie is one of the first images inside has sent back but it will do more it's expected to drill down into the martian soil to collect important data on how the planet formed for the scientists involved it's been a nail biting journey. sixty meters fifty meters constant velocity tension almost impossible to bear touchdown. followed by an outpouring of relief this is the moment a nasa spacecraft completed its seven month long journey to mers called the inside the unmanned lander traveled four hundred eighty four million kilometers through space to reach the red planet well this is a very exciting day as you can imagine we've got a lot of scientists and engineers that have put many years of work into this particular mission and today is the moment of truth in the thirteen minutes between entering the planet's atmosphere and touchdown the craft traveled at almost twenty
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thousand kilometers per hour through temperatures of one thousand five hundred degrees celsius before shedding its heat shield opening its parachute and landing safely. the inside will measure seismic activity and the temperature at the planet's core over the next two years scientists want to find out more about the origins and the current state of the planet. most mars was a habitable planet about three billion years ago and then something happened and now it is desolate and we're trying to understand what caused that to happen this is a collaborative effort the u.s. spacecraft is packed with equipment developed by european space agency's france spain and britain have provided senses and germany a robotic mold that can borrow five meters into the ground the current mission is one of only eight successful landing zone a half of the forty three attempts to reach the planet have failed nasa is goals remain ambitious the agency aims to send the first astronauts to mars with the next
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twenty years. back here on earth the german government is trying to roll out the latest generation of mobile phone technology across parts of the country but it's proving to be a rocky road. because the plans leave ten percent of the country uncovered by the new ultra five g. but critics say that's unacceptable demanding providers should be forced to do better with high penalties mobile phone companies argue covering every nook and cranny of the country would be too expensive. autonomous driving it's just one example of the kind of technology that only functions with super speedy highly reactive wireless networks five g. is the name given to the cellular technology behind it the german government wants to introduce it to large parts of the country by twenty twenty two that's why we've introduced regulations relating to how to bonds federal and state highways country
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roads waterways and railways this will lead to an improvement in coverage. despite those plans some ten percent of germany is set to remain without any coverage at all. almost eight hundred thousand cell towers to roll out five g. across germany that's not possible since it would cost over one hundred thirty billion euros that's a scale we can't afford that's drawn criticism from german businesses setting their sights on digital innovation and people in rural areas with no coverage will not be able to use other carriers free of charge like they can when roaming abroad. well within the studio tech at its arm tells an hour and five g. is an important technological step why is this such a fuss about this well basically because five g. is really going to determine how manufacturing driving cars in all these bevy of technologies are constant talking about are rolled out to the german people the
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last generation of solar technology was introduced ten years ago and we're still living with the day we're going to have it for another four years so right now who gets the five g. rights and how they get them is really going to give them ten years of basically indefinite business that they can look forward to it seems to be a problem here in germany how are the companies doing in this respect with five looking at five to well actually when it comes to digitalisation in general germany has been not necessarily keeping up with the other players if you look at it four g. the old technology is only available in sixty six percent of germany now that puts place seventy and seventy position in the world you know with other in seventy seven zero seventy exactly you know our our direct neighbors are albania and colombia and you know it's not instantly industrial power houses and if you compare that to the asian markets or north america they're looking at ninety seven percent adoption so germany is really behind the curve on this. how is it possible that country famed for its engineering prowess lags behind the well when it comes to digitalisation germany has traditionally kind of neglected its infrastructure back
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in the eighty's and ninety's when every other country was adapting. so fiber optic cables germany was still betting on copper wires and of course that led the telecom and also the german government save a lot of money but now they're having to catch up they're having to build that infrastructure that every other country has enjoyed for a number of years so when it comes to adapting five g. and also four g. technology it really looks like they need to do their homework and up their game a little bit is this just an embarrassment for germany or is that real quantifiable damage to the german economy i think it's hard to put a direct number on it but if you look at many regions especially more rule regions or even the east of the country don't really have the internet infrastructure they need and that's preventing things like universities and startups and also large corporations from moving their campuses to those parts of the country and a couple of years ago i was actually at a tech conference where chancellor merkel actually lamented the fact that germany
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didn't have a homegrown google apple facebook or something like that but if you and they say she said it was actually part of the german business culture that encourages kind of start ups but really i also think digitalisation is playing a huge role because you know if you don't give those type of companies like the sandbox they need to play and develop their never even develop on their own so really if germany wants their own tech giant if they want a homegrown google or facebook they really need to give them the tools they need to succeed and part of that is five g. technology so the internet of things of course. needs this technology to work thank you very much. general motors plans to layoff up to fourteen thousand factory and white collar workers in the u.s. and canada and put five plants up for possible closure fifteen percent of g.m.'s entire workforce are affected by the plans a comic on an iconic brands like chevrolet and cadillac says it wants to focus more on autonomous and electric vehicles but the decision has drawn from washington for
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g.m. said waning demand for traditional sedans android's in costs prompted the massive cuts and the steel tariffs introduced by the u.s. this year haven't helped president donald trump was quick to say g.m.'s decision to cut its american workforce. well we don't like it i believe they'll be opening up something else said i was very tough i spoke with there when i heard there were closing down i said you know this country's done a lot but general motors you better get back in there doing that so i owe a wreck of trump sentiments from canadian prime minister justin trudeau disappointed by g.m.'s decision regarding their plan to are sure as part of their global restructuring our thoughts are with those those whose jobs would be affected and their families. but on the happiest of all are affected general motors stuff i've been here twenty years i've been through a closure in scarborough i've been through a closure in london i moved my family twice for this company and they do this to me
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this term. the five g.m. plants will halt production next year laying off three thousand three hundred production workers in the u.s. and about three thousand in canada the company also plans to trim its white collar stuff by eight thousand. let's bring in our financial correspondent only on this story early morning in such a bad way that they need to fire fifteen percent of their entire workforce. that's an incredible decision and. you know g.m. was very profitable in recent times in the last quarter alone it made about two and a half billion dollars in profit and not also compares not all that badly with other major automobile makers in the world but the u.s. is market is weakening and mary vera is talking about challenges for the future like getting ready for evil billet a. lot of people who are on g.m.
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side on this like people in the market the investors they're applauding this decision the g.m. shares are going up. only donald trump voiced his disappointment he said america had done a lot for general motors in the pond does he have a point for a change. in him who did it there was barack obama who saved g.m. from bankruptcy back in the height of the financial crisis the taxpayer did not barack obama with his own money but the taxpayer so there should be some thankfulness there canadians also did a lot for g.m. but you know the market is changing and policy raising tariffs mary c.e.o. mentioned herself that that was making production in north america more difficult will advance and frankfurt thank you. and that's all your business here's a reminder of the top stories we're following for you here on to w. the ukraine parliament has voted to impose martial law after russia seems three
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ukrainian ships near the disputed crimean peninsula on sunday ukraine's president has told it a new phase of aggression while the u.s. has accused russia of an outrageous violation of ukraine's sovereignty. and scientists celebrating after that spacecraft inside successfully touched on miles across town to survive really it's descent during which it accelerated decelerated brought up from almost twenty thousand kilometers per hour mission hopes to dig deep to find out how miles for. that's a joke today if you're watching the news from berlin there's more news coming at the top of the all but do stay tune to the global three thousand is next thanks very much for watching.
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helen. that's the nickname of this electronic waste i'm going across. but for those who look. it's also a treasure trove such an inspired creation. please salvage what they can from the garbage of petroleum. and with it t. got a living gluten free. public. melting
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pot conscious. a philosophical fake. a benchmark for. single. global. a continent is reinventing itself. as africa's tech scene discovers it's true potential. inventors entrepreneurs and high tech professionals talk about their visions successes and day to day business to preserve. its.
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history you know everyone. seems to have a vision that was. digital africa starts december twelfth on w. welcome to global three thousand traditionally india's micah people live with and from camels today they're having to be a bit more creates. learning via smart phone we made a young man in indonesia his bright idea is bringing education to millions but first we go to hell on earth that's crap.

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