tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle November 28, 2018 7:30am-8:01am CET
transfers to haunt those who fled from syria. the war on my first two part documentary starts december. welcome to three thousand traditionally india's micah people live with and from camels today they're having to be a bit more creative to. learning via smartphone we made a young man in indonesia whose bright idea is bringing education to millions but first we go to hell a scrapyard in ghana it might well be hellish but for those who work here insists.
smartphones washing machines t.v.'s and conditioners those who can afford them rarely choose to go without and indeed for a few years at least they can make our lives easier. but then watch this year alone forty eight million tons of electrical waste will be produced worldwide that sounds like a lot. in fact it's four thousand eight hundred times the weight of the eiffel tower in just one new. and what happens to all these old broken machines well a significant proportion gets shipped to west africa to scrap yards in countries like gum. disease one of africa's largest waste scrapyards situated on the outskirts of
ghana's capital accra it's often being called hell on earth. it's toxic filthy and it stinks. every day terms of discarded electrical appliances cars and scrap metal and appear much of it from europe everything is dismantled but are the broken down into a troll materials. well processed on the spot. with just coco has a big job to do he's making a mold out of sand. then you'll melt down an old engine to pour into it to form a cooking pot. it takes time for the aluminum to melt. joseph coco's happy with his work here. and i can get the goods here any time i need them. if i see what i want i just run out and buy up and get to work.
so that makes the work very easy for me here. just. a short time later the pot is done. after deducting the cost of the material and rent for the workshop joseph earns about twenty going to c.d.'s for his medium sized parts the equivalent of three euros fifty. you can afford to pay to employees. he's doing a thriving business as are many others here. scrapyard operates much like an ant hill everyone has a job to do and they all work hard. anything that can be reused is repaired aggregate jeezy who came from nigeria specializes in laptops and performs wonders with them. starting
a business like this back home would have been too expensive. in africa. we don't use things like europeans do in africa we use things until they die we buy things and bring them to life again a life and. in this workshop boulder condition is a brought back to life. some are resurrected as fans. and building a t.v. antenna here is a snap everything you need can be salvaged. the old soda and beer cans are melted down and turned into cooking pots. the sketch shows workers from across west africa. no one here complains about the work at least not to us. at the moment the moment you come here you feel
proud to work. very proud. and everyone here is working hard they don't go playing or joking. just goes looking for moral materials to his pops one of his supply is has just received a fresh delivery of old engines. he knows that much of this way still from europe but says he isn't bothered by the. other countries that you see other countries that are poor and it's not because god ignores them or because he hasn't given them the same amount it's about deciding what we want to have tomorrow or what we're planning for our future life we have enough it depends on how we use it how we plan for our future today. the scruff is so high the kilo engines are more expensive than aluminum made of soda cans joseph says they're much
better suited to making cooking pots. precious little here goes to waste an old coach is now a roof. cab of a truck is being used as a break room. exercise equipment is being used to exercise. at the end of the workday joseph heads home he passes by the vendors who also sell his parts. like most of the people in this part of acra he's originally from the country's north it's a region that's been badly hit by drought and few people have work. joseph didn't either so he and his wife moved to accra. his neighbors in the slum showed him how to make cooking pots out of scrap metal. now he and his family own their own home
so they no longer need to pay rent. but joseph doesn't want to work in a scrapyard forever he dreams of going to university. because it's education whatever level you're at you open your mind to the world and you're able to overcome challenges in life. education brightens your life if you want to business or anything else you do you need to educate yourself to a certain level you learn how to live your life become somehow easier than if you were not educated. you florida. tomorrow chose of kogo richard and his workshop at the waste scrap yard a place often labeled as hell on earth. sticking to a vision and not losing hope that's key for the global shapers two young people
dedicated to combining creative ideas and commitment to make lasting change supported by the world economic forum so far they've helped kids in colombia's poorest neighborhoods campaigned for affordable housing in japan and fought for the rights of prisoners in brazil. there are around seven and a half thousand global shakers around the world today we head to indonesia's capital jakarta to meet one young man with a brilliant idea. everyone seems to be else on this little red. then that person was. mohammed smartphone is his teacher the nine year old has already used it to learn english with the help of short videos and question and answer games. ten million young indonesians already logged into their one stitch to lessons the platform was
founded by. just twenty seven he now has a company with more than a thousand workers. the languages jakarta headquarters busting point. the curriculum is constantly being upgraded with everything from exercises for national school exams to math problems to elementary grade levels i come from a big family fascist search no brother and the youngest in the family yet i'm the first one who graduated from college for my whole family right so i've seen how then when you get exposed with quality education you can completely transform your life i've seen it to myself and i really want to impact others by giving them access that they might not have before. the company aims to spark a digital educational revolution in indonesia a man and his team launched their startup in twenty fourteen they want to offer content that's interesting and interactive things state education all too often
isn't. many indonesians have come to trust this new kind of learning. but if they need to get to know it first i didn't tell my parents that i was using it to study i am what i thought i just said that i was working i guess i am but finally i mustered up the courage to tell them now my parents are really proud of me because i've achieved so much. for the users it's also a cost effective mode of learning students can call on one hundred fifty thousand indonesian teachers using the app one on one instruction costs more the teachers are highly motivated in part because their students also evaluate them. in previously called the learning has always been seen as a privilege only the reach or maybe the middle class who can afford. the change they want to see is that you know it becomes
a right for every single person so all the one you go to democratize quality education they were a wanker a job success took a man as man and his team by surprise nowadays they sometimes have difficulty finding suitable programmers and teachers this rapid growth is also an organizational challenge especially because the company wants to branch out. and want to make sure that best and you know secondary education become a lot more and more for the ball but other than that we're actually also developing other solutions that help them to get employed and get external you know support as well to an application that we call one good job which is basically providing a lot of short courses on online training not only for students but also for adults and young professionals. improving employment prospects is also good business after all there's little incentive for a good education if there's no work but the idea of lifelong learning seems to
appeal to many young indonesians. as long as the lessons of varied and fun. and now from indonesia to china where the ever expanding wealthier classes are stepping up their spending on products like food and drink for example take mine since the early two thousand chinese wine consumption has jumped from eleven to almost eighteen million hectare liters since the one nine hundred eighty s. per capita meat consumption has quadrupled to forty two kilos a year and milk products are in demand to know the chinese now spend twice as much on your gut as they did a few years ago. and one brand is proving this specially popular it comes from vogue area. our neighbors they're from a village in bulgaria called lunch. together with other locals they're taking part
in a chinese language class. for bulgarians it's a hard language to learn. it's pretty complicated but i'd really like to learn some phrases that i can impress the chinese visitors with. the letter i'm very interested in chinese culture and the logic behind the syllables in the chinese written characters. in the. chinese visitors munch lefties in the road opie's a mountain range close to the greek border these days there are signs scattered about the village in chinese so what's going on. the chinese visitors are here for one thing lactobacillus book archive the bacteria
found in the local yogurt. gonna is a visiting story. who was born and bred here and is now ninety four. he's also world famous he's been on t.v. and bulgaria brazil and china explaining the secret of his long life. we're also healthy here because we eat a lot of yogurt we can't live without it it can be made with cow's milk sheep's milk or goats milk it doesn't matter we need yogurt to survive that's why i've lived so long record. china wants what he's having lunch left the yogurt is one of chinese company bright berries top selling products you could find. in
the oceans he says he she sees. the drinking yogurt made with a strain of lactobacillus book erica is now sold in almost every major supermarket in china and has become a byword for healthy living. but what i really like this brand of. it comes from a place where locals live to a ripe old age. our packaging says it makes you live longer going out with all these amazing. surely tasty yogurt. back in munch loves the dairy farmer. can remember the first time he was visited by a delegation from china eight years ago. they make careful note of how he made yogurt and quizzed him on the secrets of the recipe.
it's a very simple. cattle graze on these lovely meadows and also we have a very special breed of cattle they produce less milk but it's very high quality and has a higher fat content. making process he fills glasses with milk that's been heated to forty five degrees celsius. then he adds. the starter culture comes from an existing. so the bacteria. is added to a new batch of milk which is then left to stand for up to three hours. that's also how the chinese make their yogurt with a starter culture from. the brand has now become so popular in china that it's best to tourism to the region.
eager to visit the places they. package. including the path of. even an annual chinese. around five thousand visitors from china. naming. like many here is learning chinese so that she too can benefit from the bin in tourism. i think we can keep the traditional character of the village despite all the visitors the tourists from china won't spoil anything it's more likely that they will be different once they've been here after they've seen all our beautiful landscapes it's a little dream is to open a small hotel and bulgarian yogurt will definitely be on the breakfast menu.
she. said and now from some milk rather than camel milk this weekend global ideas we visit the right here rely on camels to make a living but that's becoming increasingly challenging. on travel to the pawnee district of the state of just on to find out more she spent several days with camel herd as a friend did their animals turns decided along the way that their milk is pretty tasty. but. her to the right of the people have been hurting camels here and registered on for centuries reich
a tradition holds that lord shiva created that cost specifically so they could look after camels but times have changed that traditional way of life is now under threat. mechanized farming has long been able to do much of the work that camels once did so that market value his drop sharply in the last thirty years have seen the camel population and registers on shrink dramatically. he found one all right because says his father used to have twice as many camels as he does. but on what appeared to additions of being handed down for generations they mean look to us but how can we uphold our traditions when we have no income when young people have to leave for the cities to make a living my children go to school that costs me a lot every month we can no longer make a living with our camels how we going to survive. on the bread. is the
crew isn't ethnologist and veterinarian together with one thing right she says help an organization that helps camel herders sustain their livelihood it's an advocacy group for reich and the camels and also raises awareness that the animals play a crucial role protecting the environment. come here but why don't. they know how to grazing helps tree conservation in many ways more immigrant. a lot of trees can only germany with the hope of women are that you there. it's grow up it's a natural cycle humans camels the bio tells you to and the production of quality food stuffs for can also. camels of the only animals that eat indian globe fix all these short spiky plants
are nightmare for famines without the camels the plant would proliferate all over the fields and choke the crops. camels graze by breaking off a few branches chewing a few leaves and moving on it's a grazing practice that encourages regeneration the camels need large browsing areas and can cover a ten kilometer of the day but changes to agriculture mean that postulate is in short supply. had one thing rats or has been working with camel herd as for nearly three decades in the past and he kidani was a thriving village locals own some three thousand camels between them. only remember that we don't look at the minute i don't want to look at now many locals have since switched to buffalo hiding it's more profitable. than this and they're also going for and so. we're going to solve the. situation if you like in
next the next five years your book on c.n.n. on that order anyway because nobody wants. if camels disappeared from the roads of graduates tom traditional reika culture could also disappear and with it the expertise in agro pastoral hunting practices. once a year bull a sold a camel markets for centuries this has been right his main source of income they keep the cals for breeding. camel milk is highly nutritious and a staple of the right diet they used to say selling camel milk is like selling your children but that's changing too. now every morning. takes camel milk to a dairy founded three years ago by. sons and. when . i was about to give up i sold my camels and then the
organization began selling camel milk so i got my herd back now i can feed my family with what i earn selling camel milk. if the organization to stop selling milk tomorrow. i'd have to sell the herd again. last year he even bought more camels doubling his herds milk production. the dairy has also turned around telegram records for change's when he was a boy his family sent into the city to an a living he spent fifteen years toiling and restaurants hotels and tea shops. so i worked in the city for years and for less money than a million here i started in the dairy two months ago i know a lot about camel milk i'm very happy working here i hope the dairy continues to do well you know. camels have
a very diet eating thirty six different types of plants known for them medicinal properties so their milk is believed to have many health benefits. but for now the camel karisma micro dairy still isn't selling as much as it could it's operating at just a third of its capacity it needs more buyers. only really from the moment we have only about six family supplying us but there's a huge amount of interest. we get calls every day from reika asking if we can buy their milk after michelle it's a big concern we've seen that reika who can earn a living selling their milt are able to keep their camels park off their marriage do you. surplus melkus turned into soap a product that sells well another step towards ensuring the rights and income.
for the products that have been developed include textiles made from camel half. this paper is made from camel dung but the biggest challenge is finding custom and so the tourist sometimes visit and sample the local camel milk as a cooler full of sun takes the opportunity to raise awareness of high culture and the threats it faces off their globe are able to write about a global level the un has recognized the importance of nomadic agger pastoralism you know so we're moving in the right direction but the question is can we help before time runs out. to preserve the herds the right can need to make a living thirty years ago there were one million camels and around just on today it's just a fifth that nearly all the herd as of now old if they aren't joined by
vision successes and day to day business the defense team and. its. history in the everyone stops was. he seems to know how to fish and. i'm trying to. get you to africa starts december twelfth on t.w. . russia is becoming a hotbed of. accompanied by a lack of information and stigmatized nation in some cities h.i.b. is spreading rapidly. here in the several wrong scratches h. i threw it to death because been moving to a new phase making a definitive transition from the so-called fall novel groups to the been tough to push. h.i.v. in russia today on the news.
this is d w news coming to life from russia snaps back at threats from the international community over the crimea crisis russian court jails twelve ukrainian sailors to change in a skirmish three other show up on state t.v. talking about the secure of their ships by the russian coast guard cranes president says he's turned to berlin to mediate after hearing nothing from the kremlin also coming up the u.n. warns that the gap on climate change between where we are and where we need to be is growing nations.