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tv   Doc Film - The Legend of Cape Horn  Deutsche Welle  November 28, 2018 8:15pm-9:00pm CET

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the hope is that some of them will be adopted. so they don't have to face of their fate a lot. was your initial reporting verrall be back at the top of the hour with more world news followed by the day i have to say give it. up. we make up oh but we watch as old africa the and up but to five we ought to sever services. they want to shape the continents future good to be part of it and join our youngsters as they share their stories their dreams you can hear challengers of the seventy seven percent g.w. platform for africa chart.
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place i'm speakers not to the dome on here is always a factor we just hope that the sea will have mercy on us and let us make it through this and. it's more than just a rock in the sea i mean it is that you know the most notorious it's the everest of second place. to sleep on the beach in the scottish people sometimes call this cape fear. if there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me the fish excited state of the. place.
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this is a concern taba in southern denmark. adventure and expedition leader are good folks is having his historic wooden sailing ship the dock morrow and overhauled and repaired here ahead of his next big voyage folks and his crew are going to sail to antarctica. their journey will take them around the southern tip of south america and the dreaded cape horn. it's a dangerous trip that will place huge demands on the crew. the sealing the joints with tar and pitch to make sure the ship is see where the. in the lake nine hundred eighty s. folks had the dogma and rebuilt and sailed it through the northwest and northeast passages of the arctic ocean. he steals himself against the
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cold by bathing in icy water during the winter all spending time in cold storage warehouses. he's described as exhibitions in numerous books and has been the subject of several documentary films. in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine folks became the first person to reach the north and south poles on foot in the same year. he made headlines in one nine hundred eighty four by sailing around cape horn in winter in a folding boat now he plans to return. in august twenty fifteen the dogma or unsocial off on its long journey south. its nine thousand nautical miles from here to cape horn. this journey will be an enormous
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challenge for the crew the bay of biscay provided the first real test of their sailing skills. from their route leads via the canary islands to guinea bissau. next they turn west and head across the south atlantic. then down the south american coast past brazil and argentina. cape horn was discovered for the western world by dutch explorers in sixteen sixteen. this is the port town of horn in the netherlands the starting point of the sea voyage that would discover cape horn. a faithful replica of a ship from that era is stuck near the harbor museum. is director of the west friesian museum which
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a quiet this ship in twenty fifteen. yards this type of ship is called a yacht. there are only small ships but they have three masts and a lot of sail area so they were all very fast and could maneuver well all bodies of water including rivers. speed and maneuverability was a big advantage for explorers. for western ships like these discovered australia japan. and cape horn river in. in the seventeenth century couldn't process that because of the trade with dutch businesses in east asia and six you know two rival merchants joined forces to create the dutch east india company one of the pioneers of international trade. the government granted the company a monopoly on the lucrative dutch spice trade in south and southeast asia that in sixteen fifteen a competitor appeared on the scene. so the moment for the expedition man called.
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organized an expedition. he had been a major shareholder in the dutch east india company but was expelled for fraud. after that he made it his business to cause as much trouble for the company as he could. one way to do that was to find a new sea route to asia. you were a man who wanted to get back into the asian spice trained in space. you. know he sent his son jacobi and an experienced skipper vellum cornell is shot and to search for what he described as an undiscovered southern continent. bought off each year but their real mission was to find a new way to sail to asia i think. the
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expedition left ports on june fourteenth sixteen fifteen with two ships the eintracht and the small no horn yet up in there and village chosen and a crew of more than began their journey into the unknown. but they board for me to advise on board those ships it was very hard. to lower deck for example was just one point three metres high so the crew was always walking around . bent over. they had to sleep on the bare floor. another big problem was food they had to fight malnutrition and scurvy on this bombing and of course the crew was really nervous welling up because they had no idea where they were headed. for the destination of the expedition was kept secret until the last minute barzan up to work so they were literally sailing right off the map with the current of. in
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december twenty fifth teen arvid folks and his crew left. the southernmost city in argentina on the final stage of their journey to cape horn. their next stop was puerto williams in chile. jack overlaying who works as a harbor master at lake constance has joined them for this part of the trip. he's traveling around the world by sea and his small ship is docked at porto williams he's grateful for the ride in a harsh environment like this everyone helps each other. one last look at it. from here it's only about twenty nautical miles to puerto williams the last harbor before cape horn.
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all of it folks knows that things are going to get serious soon. this is his office in bad palm stet in the german state of stress because when he planned the cape horn expedition down to the last detail. this map is a bit worn we used it on our last expedition to antarctica but it will give you a good overview this is. here's the southern tip of south america. and cape horn which is actually located on island yes this is the strait of mcgill and which ferdinand mckellen crossed in fifteen nineteen about one hundred years before the cape was discovered. it's an extremely difficult trip because the current are so strong. and there are two narrow passages on top of that are in time
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a powerful economic interests band ships from sailing through here. so they look for an alternative and found the cape in the process. shout must sail through this passage and promptly named it lemaire straight after. he pressed on and discovered cape horn on january twenty ninth sixteen sixteen. ending. in january sixteen sixteen lemaire and shows him sailed through the straits of mckellen and continued along the coast. on january twenty ninth they sighted cape horn but didn't realize that it was located on an island they thought it was part of the mainland. they followed the coast north and then headed west across the pacific. during this part of their journey they
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discovered several islands not previously known to the west. they reached the island of java which was under the control of the dutch east india company. they'd been at sea for eighteen months and had found a new route. but when they reached their destination yun peterson kuhn a company official ordered them to hand over the ship. yes so it was either join the dutch east india company or sail back home on the first. the vailable ship of the republic company was determined that man would not be able to trade on his own so they confiscated his ships and all his papers. and the people in the dock he was walking over adults court later ruled that the seizures were illegal but continued to ban him from trading in the region. for libya but you feel like.
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the mayor and chosen never explored the other islands near the cape. and for centuries afterward ships tried their best to stay in open water off the cape. but these areas were still extremely dangerous and many of the ships didn't make his. this really a house in ships try to sail around the cape particularly during the california gold rush and the eight hundred fifty s. in california and all sorts of vessels tried to get through so that they could make their way to california and other points further up the west coast of america.
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or does if many of the ships sank and a lot of the crew members drowned their whole ships were very big even if they were made of wood and many have probably seen better days. they simply weren't equipped to deal with the hazards of a journey like that. as a d.c. so a lot of ships tried to sail around the cape during the gold rush and many of them sank. we don't know how many because recordkeeping was poor. and there was a glitch in the stupidity of. the bass vessel records are available from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century busy even some early film footage.
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starting in the eight hundred sixty s. and german shipping company owned by the nice family still ahead building ships that were financed and steady and. these vessels made their reputation by transporting nitrate from chile to hamburg. company's founder ferdinand lice once said my ships can and should be able to sail quickly but that was his top priority. but he also built ships that were designed to withstand even the strongest storms can. order them so they probably cut back on things like supplies and amenities for the crew to save money. but those ships were very well built and that was if you like the high point of that chapter of shipping history. or because of lawsuits was our goal. here.
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in one nine hundred fifty s. and ninety's ships the people made the fastest ever west will trip by a commercial vessel through cape horn five days and fourteen alice the captain was out of holds. us by contrast in one thousand nine hundred five the german three masted ship suzanna session record by taking ninety nine days to round the cape. for most of that time the area was hit by severe storms with wind speeds of. more than ninety kilometers per hour. thirty other ships that were sailing near the cape at the time put into pause ten vessels either became stranded. a few ships turned around and sailed west towards australia and africa. one of the few early twentieth century sailing ships that are still in service is the set up for masjid steel block. it
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was launched by a german shipping company in braman in nineteen twenty one as the mock telling of in its mine. at the end of world war two the ship was seized by the british and transferred to the soviet union as reparations. today the vessel is used to train russian navy cadets many of them find that sailing a ship like this is just as hard today as it was decades ago. avid folks visiting hands. who went to work on the people in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine at the age of sixteen. this is. a. german these last surviving cape horn veteran. arrived involved paraiso
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chile in september nine hundred thirty nine just as world war two broke out. the vessel was seized by a british crew and the crew was interned. after the war you're going to continue to work in the shipping industry and in one nine hundred fifty three was promoted to captain. it may sound strange but you learn on the job. and you do the best you can. takes a while to get used to it. ruined because. when. we. look at deaths on the set of finding out about that first hand. one of the more difficult tasks involves climbing up the musts which are nearly sixty meters tall.
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the crew members were safety belts. when hundreds. of nearly seventy years ago that kind of equipment was in short supply. for as long as. all of us were responsible for our own safety. that became second nature which was. learned pretty quickly where you could hold on. and you had to hold. most. but i didn't have a single accident the whole time i worked on ships. and i remember one case in particular where a crew member lost his grip. and fell off the yard. but two of the guys called him .
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is notorious for bad weather. but when you're young you don't notice it and you just assume it's normal to stand around in water up to your neck. but i didn't get that. care on the yard it's cold and windy. the cadets are working nearly sixty metres about. the deck this is part of their training program. one of the toughest jobs involves gathering the sails no small task in weather like this. cadets even more so you have says it's an all inspiring experience to work at that . when they climb up on the mosque so it's really it's about between eight metres
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high i'm really afraid and i make spears i'm second time here but i'm still afraid but it's the same. afraid it's not a bad feeling in so. they still feel so you'll see it's a part of it so i feel my feeling change to see it so i don't walk on the ground. i'm on fire fires and they ruined. and that can bring so i am full of emotions it's cobs nobody thought so long time before we bought. it so it's really good really good to hold something i brought off a problem. when i was my mother's partner sailed around cape horn as a cabin boy when he was sixteen. when i was a child i love to listen to his stories when you're kinda going to be in the know
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he's the cabin boys at that time were just children but like the rest of the crew they had to work really hard and it is. the life of the cabin boys was tough. on you know sometimes during a storm when they'd see a man fall off the rigging because he hadn't secured him selfe properly. and the crew wore all scams instead of moving clothes wool is a great material but it's not waterproof he says but even with oil scams you were always so. through plus the weather was cold and the food was terrible man had a kind machine and the ships didn't have engines so they had to rely exclusively on when. it took a special kind of captain to sail vessels like those. they managed to sail the ships around the cape with speed and precision faster than a steamer occurred in fact. i know. there
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was a lot of competition among the various ships and it was a remarkable achievement for the captains and their crews to do what they did. i said. after the panama canal was built the research around the cape became much less important. basque acorn is still a major destination in many international sailing rick as says that hammond has traveled around the cape three times.
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and actually store when we're sailing around the world we focus on speed and performance not romantic things like the legend of cape horn towards him but it does have a certain attraction. and then competitive racing there's a definite spirit of adventure of do you know every time you go to sea it's a leap into the unknown. you never know what's going to happen and you can't rely on weather forecast so you have to deal with the forces of nature as they can't hold. and that. it can get really wild doesn't own the weather can change suddenly you see the air masses in contrast in air temperature are stronger down there than anywhere else. into phoenix three miles an.
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hour in the middle of a storm the wind speed is forty five knots we're using just the small sails. were close to cape horn the highlights of this race. are probably passed quite soon welcome to the antarctic ocean we've got a cold front behind us and the seas are rough. below deck the crew are mostly protected from the elements and can enjoy a few conveniences nothing that serious of course but the food is better than it was on the nineteenth century ships there's no time for cooking so they just pull hot water on these ready to eat meals. the coastal area around cape horn office no protection the ships have to cope with stormy seas on their own and if something goes wrong help is
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a long way off. and i'm street friends not to be on in riyadh when we're saving from australia to cape horn here is always a factor and we know that eventually we're going to have to turn south and head for the cape really why do we have to deal with the weather no matter what we just hope that the sea will have mercy on us and let us sail through the rocks community sign and you know new things and foreigners. boy this is here we are at cape horn. as. the sun just coming up and you can see the outline of the rocks. they seem strange and mysterious. this may be the most remote place in the world. this is a magical moment. and look there's an albatross out there. what you want for.
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when this ship has passed the cape it's traditional for the crew to pour a little rum into the sea and onto the deck and to take a shot themselves. even though boris is an experienced sailor this is a very special moment for him. just as bold as how man is crossing cape horn our fit folks and his ship the dr owen sail into porto williams the two men take a completely different approach to sailing. the boat that boris is using is like a formula one racer. but we use a traditional ship one that was built in one nine hundred thirty one if i could and when we couldn't be more different when it comes to sailing and the way we approach it. still i think that what boris does is incredibly exciting i have
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a lot of respect for what he's done and i wish him and his crew all the best. you know you would see. two hundred meters away from the dock with the dock no one is tied up until a and maybe by just getting ready to set off ok. chile has a naval station there and the crew will inspect and resupply it. they turned their departure. so that they'll arrive at dawn when the weather is supposed to be good. the route leads south from pressure williams then through the big channel and finally across nestle bay towards. the boat arrives at its destination precisely at seven in the morning. to make
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resupply trips like this every three months or so from here they'll use inflatable boats to get to the station if the weather holds up. if it doesn't the crew won't risk having shore. the crew unload supplies of food and construction materials if the weather is bad for extended periods the naval station will be supplied by. these are prefabricated buildings there's not enough time between storms to put up proper structures. the naval station and lighthouse are built on a peach beth that's thirty meters deep when the wind is really high you can actually see the building sway kid by steel cables so that they don't play the way . average folks took this picture when he first
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visited there in the winter of nine hundred eighty four. folks and a friend paddled to the cape enfolding all the way from. the boats are made of wood and fabric. they look like they wouldn't stand a chance in the treacherous seas around cape horn. on the day that the two adventurous finally reached the cape the waves were up to full fees high it was a roller coaster ride. then they went ashore where they were welcomed by chilean military personnel who were stationed there. at the chapel built mostly of driftwood the chaplain blessed folks and his friend
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perhaps he thought it was necessary. cape horn is famous for its weather extremes including ferocious winds. the naval station commander is on an inspection talk right now preparations are underway for a celebration to mark the anniversary of the cape's discovery. these wooden walkways are designed to keep people from trampling on the fragile vegetation. this monument on his sailors who have drowned at cape horn. it was built to withstand winds of two hundred kilometers per hour. but it was damaged in a recent storm and then repaired. an estimated ten thousand people have died trying
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to sail around the cape and eight hundred ships have been lost. in. the a growing family moved to the naval station just two weeks ago they'll be stationed here for a year but they're used to extreme weather. if you. will have you been there in the admin point to arenas the group has often been said meaning that as houses back it is true that was noise i would even. the i have one standard. as a shrink. so there are a lot of i simply like again my family and i are here because we're serving our country. well the ships and boats that sail to or from antarctica from the pacific or the atlantic all of them pass through here.
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we're here to stand guard over the cape. going to allow it's a very dangerous place particularly with the high winds. so it's our duty to protect people and to serve our fatherland. if you know what to any of us said by the. now the navy boat on its way back to port said williams the weather is unusually good right now on. the benches outfitted with a satellite navigation system but the crew still use traditional equipment to get their bearings. movement will. then go. to one captain jaime hill has been stationed at porto williams for five years and
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he has experienced all kinds of weather. the moment. it's really nice today. compared to the last few days and warm conditions including heavy swells and high winds were very dangerous for carrying out operations. they're going to be soon of them at. all in just a few weeks ago we went out an emergency call. last it was one of two crew members had disappeared from a fishing boat so what is your the number of. the you know more than ever the wind speed at the time was eighty five knots. or about one hundred fifty kilometers per hour. and the way they were about two to three meters high. but all the know all of that made our work very difficult. but today the crew's
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lucky and the weather was quite pleasant. when after p.c. by the community in this region one of the navy's most important missions is to defend our national sovereignty. you know we're right on the border with argentina . thank god there have been no disputes between the two countries in the last four decades. mary responsibility is to keep the peace and show the flag here some personnel might not enjoy being assigned to this area but for us as a naval combat unit it's perfect. question williams is the last port. the crew are now stocking up on fuel for the ship's engine and the heat has.
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the tanks hold four thousand five hundred leases a field. it's summer here right now so the marina is full and the dogma owen has to drop in the. steam ship that used to travel up and down the rhine river has been converted into a jet ski. as part of the dogma or unscrew. the whole lot of people come down here to sail around cape horn. most of them are from europe it's a difficult trip. to the cape there's about one thousand article miles of unprotected coastline the conditions can be really rough you have to earn the right
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to sail around cape horn. after the. other visitors are happy to spend a few weeks here on vacation and travel around the cape uncharted yachts for many it's a dream come true. the devil on is now tied up at the jetty right next to a family of sailors from britain. and jill she knows have been travelling around the world on the yacht the money for nearly three decades daughter roxanne eighteen and son caesar twenty four named after a hurricane were born during these trips. jill met her future husband when the two of them were hired to transfer a yacht from europe to the caribbean nick planned to buy his own boat and travel the world. he said would you like to
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come with me i'll take you to the straits and again and so i said yeah great and it's taken us twenty seven years to get down here so it's kind of been like a loadstone for us so it's pretty good to actually finally just last week achieved our objective of actually seeing cape horn and going around cape horn. it's more than just a rock in the sea. it's what it represents really. but i don't i mean it represents the fact that i mean in the past it was the only way around from. the atlantic to the pacific and to australia and so forth and to that from one side of america to the other. but i don't think we would have come here specifically for that i mean it is that you know the most notorious it's the everest of sailing. around the world trips of her day off in this direction and not being seen again of could into trouble a lot of people get into trouble so there are stories of people getting there's
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a boat here that was dismissed it just sounds like a home and was turned in here to to do repairs which is still going on the moment. so that does happen and that means motive because. after several days the weather improves. it's time for the dogma owen to head out to cape horn.
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and albatross circles above ship. that's said to be a good omen many say this believe that the souls of their dead come rains live on in these beds.
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there's a stranded freighter at this end of the beagle channel another reminder of the dangers of rounding cape horn. but the sea is a relatively calm today the crew of the double oven and full of the sails and get to work. they can hardly believe their luck. and little later some don't fins arrive to accompany the ship as a sail stream nest's all day. the crew takes a few minutes to enjoy the sight. finally the dogma ansel's puss k. poing. how do you deal with kind of i don't think any other case has captured the imagination of sailors like this one does i get to feel it so many ships have sunk
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here and so many men have died again for good but the weather is good today despite that you're obviously that's not always the case but when you've got them because of the bad weather people sometimes call this cape fear if you hold it down here. there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me back there and i don't want to step in one sense it's just a cape like any other but it's the history of this place that sets it apart. on the whole been very tough it's just all it's a special moment for us it's a. i don't know how to describe it. but it's a great achievement to actually make it past the cape. with no one to make it don't forget we sailed more than nine thousand miles to get here from hamburg the big sister and we did it in a small wooden ship that's all there is it's just an eighteen meters long either by meter and now we've done it yeah your fuel tank it doesn't go but it does it's an
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important occasion there will be other expeditions of course but we're going to remember this one of the goals of the business this is going to how would you say i'm overcome with emotion right now if you can maybe i'm just thoughtful guy in the best of it all the make up and nothing at all most. of the time you know you think about the history of this place and everything that's happened here over the years . and to school here with me as i'm also coming here for the. average folks and his crew achieve their goal for one hundred years out to the cape was discovered and became part of the legend of cape horn.
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if you. want. to thank you. with this. senses. recognize and experience the inexpressible. the cultural magazine. ok art's twenty one. g.w. . thanks asli waiting waiting for
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a lifeline to syria. good morning where are you why aren't you answering. every call brings them closer together. but it hurts because they feel powerless to help. they worry about the ones they've left behind. but. i'm trying to be strong but deep down i'm broken. the war continues to haunt those who fled from syria. i'm trying to reach them but nobody yet says. the war on my phone or two part documentary starts december eighth on t w.
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this is g w news why but from berlin tonight russia's president reports the blame on ukraine saying sunday's naval standoff was a premeditated provocation mr putin also says that some ukrainian sailors were also spots saying the crews of the captured ukrainian vessels included two secret service agents also coming up tonight.

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