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tv   Doc Film - The Legend of Cape Horn  Deutsche Welle  November 29, 2018 2:15am-3:00am CET

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it's your turn that was fear of the increase of the temperature. twenty first you have to start down i started to decrease the amount of c o two programs we have this is actually not a hard problem to just takes will power over there are very important economic interests to hold a lot of coal who own a lot of oil but are doing everything possible to make sure this doesn't happen and we have to fight them by twenty fifty robey while on the way to reliable renewable solar wind i'm optimistic that. we're not totally safe just b.c. . i'm
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street friends going to be on here is always a factor we just hope that the sea will have mercy on us and let us make it through the snow and. it's more than just a rock in the sea i mean it is that you know the most notorious it's the everest of sailing. seems to be just kept if people sometimes call this cape fear. if you there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me and people just excited strange.
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this is a concern tomba in southern denmark. adventure and expedition leader are good folks is having his historic wooden sailing ship the dock morrow and overhauled and repaired here ahead of his next big voyage folks and his crew are going to sail to antarctica. their journey will take them around the southern tip of south america and the dreaded cape horn. it's a dangerous trip that will place huge demands on the crew. sealing the joints with tar and pitch to make sure the ship is c. where the. in the late one nine hundred eighty s. folks had the dogma and rebuilt and sailed it through the northwest and northeast passages of the arctic ocean. he steals himself against the
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cold by bathing in icy water during the winter all spending time in cold storage warehouses. he's described as exhibitions in numerous books and has been the subject of several documentary films. in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine folks became the first person to reach the north and south poles on foot in the same year. he made headlines in one nine hundred eighty four by sailing around cape horn in winter in a folding boat now he plans to return. in august twenty fifteen the dogma or unsocial from its long journey south. its nine thousand nautical miles from here to cape horn. this journey will be an enormous
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challenge for the crew the bay of biscay provided the first real test of their sailing skills. from their route leads via the canary islands to guinea bissau. next they turn west and head across the south atlantic. then down the south american coast past brazil and argentina. cape horn was discovered for the western world by dutch explorers in sixteen sixteen. this is the port town of horn in the netherlands the starting point of the sea voyage that would discover cape horn. a faithful replica of a ship from that era is stuck near the harbor museum. as director of the west friesian museum which acquired the ship in twenty fifteen.
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this type of ship is called. there are really small ships but they have three masts and a lot of sail area so they were all very fast and. all bodies of water including rivers. speed and maneuverability was a big advantage for explorers. western ships like these discovered australia japan . and cape horn river. in the seventeenth century who can prosper because of the trade with dutch businesses in east asia and sixteen or two rival merchants joined forces to create the dutch east india company one of the pioneers of international trade. the government granted the company a monopoly on the lucrative dutch spice trade in south and southeast asia. that's in sixteen fifteen competitive appeared on the scene. so come on up to the
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experienced a man called a man organized an expedition. he had been a major shareholder in the dutch east india company but was expelled for fraud. after that he made it his business to cause as much trouble for the company as he could. one way to do that was to find a new sea route to asia. you were to feel a man wanted to get back into the asian spice trained in space. and he sent his son young and inexperienced skipper vellum cornelia's shout and to search for what he described as an undiscovered southern continent. bought off each year but their real mission was to find a new way to sail to asia i think there's a. new route and.
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the expedition left port on june fourteenth sixteen fifteen with two ships the eintracht and the small no horn. up in there and philip chosen and a crew of more than eighteen began their journey into the unknown. on board those ships was very hard. to lower deck for example was just one point three metres high so the crew was always walking around bent over. they had to sleep on the bare floor. another big problem was food they had to fight malnutrition and scurvy on the sprawling and of course the crew was really nervous because they had no idea where they were headed. for the destination of the expedition was kept secret until the last minute. to were so. they were literally sailing right off the map before the car drove. in december twenty fifth dean arvid
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folks and his crew left. the southernmost city in argentina on the final stage of their journey to cape horn. if their next stop was puerto williams in chile. the jackal belay who works as a harbor master at lake constance has joined them for this part of the trip. he's traveling around the world by sea and his small ship is docked at porto williams he's grateful for the ride in a harsh environment like this everyone helps each other. one last look at it. from here it's only about twenty nautical miles to puerto williams the last time before cape horn.
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all of it folks knows that things are going to get serious soon. this is his office in bad palm stet in the german states of stress because when he planned the cape or an expedition down to the last detail. this little map is a bit worn we used it on our last expedition to antarctica but it will give you a good overview this is america here's the southern tip of south america. and cape horn which is actually located on island yes this is the strait of magellan which ferdinand magellan crossed in fifteen nineteen about one hundred years before the cape was discovered. it's an extremely difficult trip because the current source so strong. and there are two narrow passages. on top of that you're in shouting
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time powerful economic interests banned ships from sailing through here. so they look for an alternative and found the cape in the process. sail through this passage and promptly named it after. he pressed on and discovered cape horn on january twenty ninth sixteen sixteen. ending. in january sixteen sixteen lemaire and shows him sailed through the straits of mckellen and continued along the coast. on january twenty ninth they sighted cape horn but didn't realize that it was located on an island they thought it was part of the mainland. they followed the coast north and then headed west across the pacific. during this part of their journey they
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discovered several islands not previously known to the west. they reached the island of java which was under the control of the dutch east india company. they'd been at sea for eighteen months and had found a new route. but when they reached their destination yun petersen kuhn a company official ordered them to hand over the ship. yes so it was either join the dutch east india company or sail back home on the first available ship. the company was determined that would not be able to trade on his own so they confiscated his ships and all his papers. and of people in a drought he was walking over a dutch court later ruled that the seizures were illegal but continued to ban him from trading in the region. you.
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there and chosen never explored the other islands near the cape. and for centuries afterward ships tried their best to stay in open water off the cape. but these areas were still extremely dangerous and many of the ships didn't make here's. this one ship strike to sail around the cape particularly during the california gold rush any eight hundred fifty s. in california all sorts of vessels try to get through so that they could make their way to california and other points further up the west coast of america.
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or does it if many of the ships sank and a lot of the crew members drowned when you go ships were very big even if they were made of wood and many have probably seen better days. they simply one equipped to deal with the hazards of a journey like that. as a disease. a lot of ships tried to sail around the cape during the gold rush and many of them sank but we don't know how many because recordkeeping was poor yet there was a humanist book and if you. pass special records are available from the late nineteenth and early twenties. century busy even some early film footage. starting in the eight hundred sixty
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s. a german shipping company owned by the nice family started building ships that were financed and sturdier. these vessels made their reputation by transporting nitrate from chile to hamburg. company's founder ferdinand life once said my ships can and should be able to sail quickly that was his top priority. but he also built ships that were designed to withstand even the strongest storms and. they probably cut back on things like supplies and amenities for the crew to save money. but those ships were very well built and that was if you like the high point of that chapter of shipping history. because of last. year. in one
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thousand nine hundred eighty s. and ninety's ship the pivot made the fastest ever westward trip by a commercial vessel through cape horn five days and fourteen alice the captain was out of holds. but by contrast in nine hundred five the german three masted ship suzanna session recalled by taking ninety nine days to around the cape. for most of that time the area was hit by severe storms with wind speeds of more than ninety kilometers per hour. thirty other ships that was sailing near the cape at the time put into pause ten vessels either became stranded all sank a few ships turned around and sailed west towards australia and africa. one of the few early twentieth century sailing ships that are still in service. this is the set up for mustard steel bark. it was launched by
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a german shipping company in braman in one nine hundred twenty one as the muck to live in its mine. at the end of world war two the ship was seized by the british and transferred to the soviet union as reparations. today the vessel is used to train russian navy cadets many of them find that sailing a ship like this is just as hard today as it was decades ago. arvid folks visiting hands. who went to work on the people in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine at the age of sixteen. this is. germany's last surviving cape horn veteran. arrived involve paraiso
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chile in september nine hundred thirty nine just as world war two broke out. the vessel was seized by a british crew and the crew was interned. after the war you're going to continue to work in the shipping industry and in one nine hundred fifty three was promoted to captain. may sound strange but you learn on the job. and you do the best you can. takes a while to get used to it. may be ruined. if. you. look at deaths on the set of finding out about that firsthand. one of the more difficult tasks involved climbing up the musts which are nearly sixty meters tall.
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the crew members wear safety belts. when hundreds. of nearly seventy years ago that kind of equipment was in short supply. for. all of us were responsible for our own safety. that became second nature which was . learned pretty quickly where you could. but i didn't have a single accident whole time i worked on ships. and i remember one case in particular where a crew member lost his grip. and fell off the yard. but two of the guys caught him .
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is notorious for bad weather. but when you're young you don't notice it. you just assume it's normal to stand around in water up to your neck. but i didn't. care on the yard it's cold and windy. the cadets are working nearly sixty metres about. the deck this is part of a training program. one of the toughest jobs involves gathering the sales no small task in weather like this. today it's even more so you have says it's an all inspiring experience to work up that. when i climb up on the masjids really caius about beauty eight
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meters high i'm really afraid and i mean spirit i'm second time here but i'm still afraid but it's it's. good to fray it's not bad feeling in so do you still feel so you'll feel it's a part of it so i feel i feel i'm chained to see it so i don't work with the crowd . i'm on fire fires and everyone. then that can bring me so i came full of emotions it's obvious nobody thought so long time before we see. the scene it's really good really good to be told something i brought off but a problem. none of my mother's partner sailed around cape horn as a cabin boy when he was sixteen. when i was a child i love to listen to his stories where you're kinda going to going over to
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the cabin boys at that time were just children but like the rest of the crew much they had to work really hard. the lot of the cabin boys was tough. sometimes during a storm and they'd see a man fall off the rigging because he hadn't secured him selfe properly because he had and the crew wore all scams instead of one clothes for those that were put on wool is a great material but it's not waterproof he says but even with oil scams you were always so. through plus the weather was cold and the food was terrible one had a kind machine ships didn't have engines so they had to rely exclusively on wind power. i think it took a special kind of captain to sail vessels like those. they managed to sail the ships around the cape with speed and persuasion up faster than a steamer could in fact. i know i know. there
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was a lot of competition among the various ships and it was a remarkable achievement for the captains and their crews to do what they did. i said. after the panama canal was built the reduce around the cape became much less important. task acorn is still a major destination in many international sailing rekha says it was him and has traveled around the cape three times.
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as to when we're sailing around the world we focus on speed and performance not romantic things like the legend of cake on top thin but it does have a certain attraction. and in competitive racing there's a definite spirit of adventure of using every time you go to sea it's a leap into the unknown. you never know what's going to happen you can't rely on weather forecast so you have to deal with the forces of nature as they can and that. it can get really wild. the weather can change suddenly you see the air masses in contrast in air temperature are stronger down there than anywhere else.
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we're in the middle of a storm the wind speed is forty five knots we're using just the small sails. were close to cape horn the highlights of this race. are probably passed quite soon welcome to the antarctic ocean look at a cold front behind us and the seas are rough. below deck the crew are mostly protected from the elements and can enjoy a few conveniences nothing that serious of course but the food is better than it was on the nineteenth century ships there's no time for cooking so they just pull hot water on these ready to eat meals. the coastal area around cape horn off is no protection the ships have to cope with stormy seas on their own and if something goes wrong help is
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a long way off. and i'm speak for us not to be out on me it's when we're saving from australia to cape horn here is always a factor you know we know that eventually we're going to have to turn south and head for the cape why do we have to deal with the weather no matter what we just hope that the sea will have mercy on us and let a sail through the rocks beneath the sign and says you know new things and foreigners. here we are at cape horn. as. the sun is just coming up and you can see the outline of the rocks. they seem strange and mysterious. and have good legs that this may be the most remote place in the world. this is a magical moment. and look there's an albatross out there. was one.
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when the ship has passed the cape it's traditional for the crew to pour a little rum into the sea and onto the deck and to take a shot themselves. even though boris is an experience struck at a sailor this is a very special moment for him. just as bowlers have been is crossing cape horn are fit folks and his ship the dogma and sail into porto williams the two men take a completely different approach to sailing. the boat that boris is using is like a formula one racer. but we use a traditional ship one that was built in one nine hundred thirty one by their current and when we couldn't be more different when it comes to sailing and the way we approach it. still i think that what boris does is incredibly exciting i have
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a lot of respect for what he's done and i wish him and his crew all the best it was on board. with me. two hundred meters away from the dock with the dogma and is tied up to lay a navy boats just getting ready to set off ok. to me has a naval station there and the crew will inspect and resupply it. they turned their departure so that they'll arrive at dawn when the weather is supposed to be good. the route leads south william then through the beagle channel. and finally across nestle bay towards cape. the boat arrives at its destination precisely at seven in the morning. to make
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resupply trips like this every three months or so from here they'll use inflatable boats to get to the station if the weather holds up. if it doesn't the crew won't risk. the crew unload supplies of food and construction materials. if the weather is bad for extended periods the naval station will be supplied by air. these are prefabricated buildings there's not enough time between storms to put up proper structures. the naval station and lighthouse are built on a peach bed that's thirty meters deep when the wind is really high you can actually see the buildings sway kid by steel cables so that they don't play the way.
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average folks took this picture cape horn when he first visited there in the winter of nine hundred eighty four. folks and a friend paddled to the cape enfolding all the way from. the boats are made of wood and fabric. they look like they wouldn't stand a chance in the treacherous seas around cape horn. on the day that the two adventurous finally reached the cape the waves were up to full fees high it was a roller coaster ride. then they went ashore where they were welcomed by chilean military personnel who were stationed there. at the chapel mostly of driftwood the chaplain blessed folks and his friend
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perhaps he thought it was necessary. ok porn is famous for its weather extremes including ferocious winds. the naval station commander is on an inspection tour right now preparations are underway for a celebration to mark the anniversary of the capes discovery. these wooden walkways are designed to keep people from trampling on the fragile vegetation. this morning went on his sailors have drowned at cape horn. it was built to withstand winds of two hundred kilometers per hour. but it was damaged in a recent storm and then repaired. an estimated ten thousand people have died trying
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to sail around the cape and eight hundred ships have been lost. the acquired family moved to the naval station just two weeks ago they'll be stationed here for a year but they're used to extreme weather. if you. have you been there in the admin point to every mass killing dug it does all feel vintage and we mean that that's how it is that was noise i would have in. the army wants to handle. and such like. so the last employer gave you my family and i are here because we're serving our country. the ships and boats that sail to or from antarctica from the pacific or the atlantic all of them pass through here. we're here to stand guard over the
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cape. it's a very dangerous place particularly with the high winds. so it's our duty to protect people and to. our fatherland. you know no one is waiting near us or by the. now the navy on its way back to port said williams the weather is usually good right now on. the benches outfitted with a satellite navigation system but the crew still use traditional equipment to get their bearings. over the phone. to one captain jaime hill has been stationed at porto williams for five years and
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he has experienced all kinds of weather. the moment that. it's really nice today. we have compared to the last few days the war the conditions including heavy swells and high winds. were very dangerous for carrying out operations. they're going to be sort of them out. all in just a few weeks ago we went out an emergency call. this one of two crew members had disappeared from a fishing boat. you know more than ever the wind speed at the time was eighty five knots. or about one hundred fifty kilometers per hour. and the way they were about two to three meters high. at all then all of that made our work very difficult. but today the crews lucky and the weather was quite
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pleasant. would have been a p.c. by the community in this region one of the navy's most important missions is to defend our nash. we are right on the border with argentina. thank god there have been no disputes between the two countries in the last four decades. mary responsibility is to keep the peace and show the flag here some personnel might not enjoy being assigned to this area but for us as a naval combat unit it's perfect. question williams is the last pool of. the crew are now stocking up on fuel for the ship's engine and the heat is.
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the tanks hold four thousand five hundred leases a field. some here right now so the arena is full and the dogma owen has to drop anchor in the. steam ship that used to travel up and down the rhine river has been converted into a jet ski. as part of the dogma or unscrew. the whole lot of people come down here to sail around cape horn. most of them are from europe it's a difficult trip. to the cape there's about one thousand article miles of unprotected coastline the conditions can be really rough you have to earn the right
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to sail around cape horn. absolutely. other visitors are happy to spend a few weeks here on vacation and travel around the cape uncharted yachts for many it's a dream come true. the deck more or in is now tied up at the jetty right next to a family of sailors from britain. nick and jill she knows have been travelling around the world on the yacht the money more fully three decades daughter roxanne eighteen and son cesar twenty four named after a hurricane were born during these trips. jill met her future husband when the two of them were hired to transfer a yacht from europe to the caribbean nick planned to buy is own boat and travel the world. he said would you like to come
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with me and i'll take you to the streets again and so i said yeah great and it's taken us twenty seven years to get down here so it's kind of been like a loadstone for us so it's pretty good to actually finally just last week achieved our objective of actually seeing cape horn and going around cape horn. it's more than just a rock in the sea. it's what it represents really. but i don't i mean it represents the fact that i mean in the past it was the only way around from. the atlantic to the pacific and to australia and so forth and to that from one side of america to the other. but i don't think we would have come here specifically for that i mean it is that you know the most notorious it's the ever rest of sailing. there are people who on the ground well trips have her day off in this direction and not been seen again of couldn't travel a lot of people get in trouble so there are stories of people getting there's
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a boat here that was just mostly it just sounds like a home and was towed in here to to do repairs which it's still going on the moment . so that does happen and that means motive because. after several days the weather improves. and. it's time for the dogma owen to head out to cape horn.
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and albatross circles above shit. that's said to be a good omen many say this believe that the souls of their dead come rains live on in these beds.
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there's a stranded freighter at this end of the beagle channel another reminder of the dangers of rounding cape horn. but the sea is a relatively calm today the crew of the demo owen and fill the sails and get to work. fast they can hardly believe their luck. and little later some don't fins arrive to accompany the ship as it sails through nests all day. the crew takes a few minutes to enjoy the sight. finally the dunmow ansel's puss k. poing. i think i'll be kind but i don't think any other case has captured the imagination of sailors like this one does get to live so many ships have sunk here
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and so many men have died again for good but the weather is good today august fifth that you're obviously that's not always the case but when you go out and because of the bad weather people sometimes call this cape fear is you know get out here. there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me yeah yeah i mean the coldest in one sense it's just a cape like any other but it's the history of this place that sets it apart. from all bids and provides us all it's a special moment for us it's a. i don't know how to describe it. but it's a great achievement to actually make it past the cape. with no one to make you don't forget it we sailed more than nine thousand miles to get here from hamburg exist and we did it in a small wooden ship that's worth it it's just eighteen meters long but it might be there and now we've done it that you'll not get up and go but it does it's an
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important occasion there will be other expeditions of course but we're going to remember this one that. this is the son of god how would you say i'm overcome with emotion right now i have to give him a name i'm just thoughtful i did this because of it was opened up a big big all busted. up to dime you know you think about the history of this place and everything that's happened here over the years. and to school here it isn't wasn't your. average folks and his crew achieve their goal for one hundred years after the cake was discovered and became constant the legend of cape horn. last.
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