tv Doc Film - The Legend of Cape Horn Deutsche Welle November 30, 2018 6:15am-7:00am CET
i'm street firms not to know no one here is always a factor we just hope that the sea will help massey and us and let us make it through this and. it's more than just a rock in the sea i mean it is the you know the mostly tourist it's the everest of saying. you feed the beast you just have to people sometimes call this cape fear. if there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me the fish excited strangely.
this is a concern taba in southern denmark. adventure and expedition leader our good folks is having his historic wooden sailing ship the dock morrow and overhauled and repaired here ahead of his next big voyage folks and his crew are going to sail to antarctica yes they journey will take them around the southern tip of south america and the dreaded cape horn. it's a dangerous trip that will place huge demands on the crew. they're sealing the joints with tar and pitch to make sure the ship is see where the. in the late one nine hundred eighty s. folks had the dogma and rebuilt and sailed it through the northwest and northeast passages of the arctic ocean but. he steals themself against the
cold by bathing in icy water during the winter all spending time in cold storage warehouses. he's described as exhibitions in numerous books and has been the subject of several documentary films. in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine folks became the first person to reach the north and south poles on foot in the same year. he made headlines in one nine hundred eighty four by sailing around cape horn in winter in a folding boat now he plans to return. in august twenty fifteen the dogma or unsocial off on its long journey south of. its nine thousand nautical miles from here to cape horn. this journey will be an
enormous challenge for the crew the bay of biscay provided the first real test of their sailing skills. from there the route leads via the canary islands to guinea bissau. next they turn west and head across the south atlantic. then down the south american coast past brazil and argentina. cape horn was discovered for the western world by dutch explorers in sixteen sixteen. this is the port town of horn in the netherlands the starting point of the sea voyage that would discover cape horn. a faithful replica of a ship from that era is stuck near the harbor museum. as director of the west friesian museum which acquired the ship in twenty fifteen.
this type of ship is called. there are really small ships but they have three masts and a lot of sail area so they were all very fast and. all bodies of water including rivers. speed and maneuverability was a big advantage for explorers. western ships like these discovered australia japan . and cape horn river. in the seventeenth century couldn't prosper because of the trade with dutch businesses in east asia and sixteen or two rival merchants joined forces to create the dutch east india company one of the pioneers of international trade. the government granted the company a monopoly on the lucrative dutch spice trade in south and southeast asia. that's in sixteen fifteen competitive appeared on the scene. so come on up to the
expedition man called ease our commander organized an expedition. he had been a major shareholder in the dutch east india company but was expelled for fraud. after that he made it his business to cause as much trouble for the company as he could. one way to do that was to find a new sea route to asia. newark to feel a man wanted to get back into the asian spice trade in space. and he sent his son jacobi and an experienced skipper vellum cornelius shout and to search for what he described as an undiscovered southern continent. bought off each year but their real mission was to find a new way to sail to asia and i think. you would have to know.
the expedition left course on june fourteenth sixteen fifteen with two ships the i'm trucked and the small no horn jack up in there and philip chosen and a crew of more than began their journey into the unknown. but they flew into its vice on board those ships it was very hard. to make a lower deck for example was just one point three metres high so the crew was always walking around bent over. they had to sleep on the bare floor. another big problem was food they had to fight malnutrition and scurvy and on this bombing and of course the crew was really nervous because they had no idea where they were headed. for the destination of the expedition was kept secret until the last minute . to were so. they were literally sailing right off the map with art of.
in december twenty fifth dean arvid folks and his crew left. the southernmost city in argentina on the final stage of their journey to cape horn. their next stop was porto williams in chile. jack overlaying who works as a harbor master at lake constance has joined them for this part of the trip. he's traveling around the world by sea and his small ship is docked at porto williams he's grateful for the riot in a harsh environment like this everyone helps each other. one last look at it. from here it's only about twenty nautical miles to porto williams the last time before cape horn.
all of it folks knows that things are going to get serious soon. this is his office in bad palm state in the german state of stress because when he planned the cape horn expedition down to the last detail. this little map is a bit worn we used it on our last expedition to antarctica but it will give you a good overview. because here's the southern tip of south america the plan cape horn which is actually located on island yes this is the strait of mcgill and which ferdinand magellan crossed in fifteen nineteen about one hundred years before the cape was discovered. it's an extremely difficult trip because the cons are so strong. and there are two narrow passages. on top of that if.
powerful economic interests banned ships from sailing through here. when. they look for an alternative and found the cape in the process. shout must sail through this passage and promptly named it after. he pressed on and discovered cape horn on january twenty ninth sixteen sixteen. ending. in january sixteenth sixteen lemaire and shows him sailed through the straits of mckellen and continued along the coast. on january twenty ninth they sighted cape horn but didn't realize that it was located on an island they thought it was part of the mainland. they followed the coast north and then headed west across the pacific. during this part of their journey they
discovered several islands not previously known to the west. they reached the un and of java which was under the control of the dutch east india company. they'd been at sea for eighteen months and had found a new route to asia. but when they reached their destination yun petersen kuhn a company official ordered them to hand over the ship. yes so it was either join the dutch east india company or sail back home on the first available ship. company was determined that there would not be able to trade on his own so they confiscated his ships and all his papers. and of people in a drought he was walking over a dutch court later ruled that the seizures were illegal but continued to ban him from trading in the region.
the mayor and chosen never explored the other islands near the cape and for centuries afterward ships tried their best to stay in open water off the cape. but these areas were still extremely dangerous and many of the ships didn't make this. this really stride to sail around the cape particularly during the california gold rush any eight hundred fifty s. in california and all sorts of vessels try to get through so that they could make their way to california and other points further up the west coast of america.
where does if many of the ships sank and a lot of the crew members drowned when you go ships were very big even if they were made of wood and many have probably seen better days. they simply worn equipped to deal with the hazards of a journey like that so shift. as a d.c. so a lot of ships tried to sail around the cape during the gold rush and many of them sank but we don't know how many because recordkeeping was poured. down once a human just took the mickey it'll. pass better records are available from the late nineteenth and early twenties. century busy even some early film footage.
starting in the eight hundred sixty s. a german shipping company owned by the nighest family started building ships that were financed and sturdier. these vessels made their reputation by transporting nitrate from chile to hamburg. company's founder ferdinand life once said my ships can and should be able to sail quickly that was his top priority. but he also built ships that were designed to withstand even the strongest storms or. they probably cut back on things like supplies and amenities for the crew to save money. but those ships were very well built and that was if you like the high point of that chapter of shipping history. or because of last. year. in one
nine hundred fifty s. and ninety's ship the pivotal made the fastest ever west will trip by commercial vessel through cape horn five days and fourteen alice the captain was out of holds . us by contrast in nine hundred five the german three masted ship suzanna session record by taking ninety nine days to around the cape. for most of that time the area was hit by severe storms with wind speeds of more than ninety kilometers per hour. thirty other ships that was sailing near the cape at the time put into pause ten vessels either became stranded or sank a few ships turned around and sailed west towards australia and africa. one of the few early twentieth century sailing ships that are still in service. this is the set up for mustard steel bark. it was launched by
a german shipping company in braman in nineteen twenty one as the marked elina vinnitsa by. the end of world war two the ship was seized by the british and transferred to the soviet union as reparations. today the vessel is used to train russian navy cadets many of them find that sailing a ship like this is just as hard today as it was decades ago. avid folks visiting hands. who went to work on the people in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine at the age of sixteen. this is. your guns is germany's last surviving cape horn veteran. arrived involve
paraiso chile in september nine hundred thirty nine just as world war two broke out . the vessel was seized by a british crew and the crew was interned. after the war you're going to continue to work in the shipping industry and in one nine hundred fifty three was promoted to captain. may sound strange but you learn on the job. and do the best you can. takes a while to get used to it. you can ruin. the. look of deaths on the set of finding out about that firsthand. one of the more difficult tasks involves climbing up the musts which are nearly
sixty meters tall. the crew members wear safety belts. when hundreds. of nearly seventy years ago that kind of equipment was in short supply. all of us were responsible for our own safety. that became second nature which was . pretty quickly where you could hold on. and you had to hold on. but i didn't have a single accident the whole time i worked on ships. and i remember one case in particular where a crew member lost his grip. and fell off the yard. but two of the guys called him .
is notorious for bad weather. but when you're young you don't notice it and you just assume it's normal to stand around in water up to your neck you. don't need to get their. hair on the yard it's cold wet and windy. pick a dead so working nearly sixty metres about. the deck this is part of their training program. one of the toughest jobs involves gathering the sails no small task in weather like this. cadets even more say if says it's an all inspiring experience to work up there. when they climb up on the mosque it's really caius about fifty eight meters high
i'm really afraid and i make spirit i'm second time here but i'm still afraid but it's it's. good to pray it's a good feeling in so. do you still feel so you'll feel it's a part of you so i feel my feeling changed to see it so i don't want to go out. among firefighters and everyone. and they can bring so i can full of emotions it's august nobody thought so long time before i leave job but she. says it's really good really good to hold something i brought up a problem. to. one of my mother's partner sailed around cape horn as a cabin boy when he was sixteen. when i was a child i love to listen to his stories when you're kinda going to be in the oval
office the cabin boys at that time were just children but like the rest of the crew they had to work really hard. the lot of the cabin boys was tough. sometimes during a storm and they'd see a man fall off the rigging because he hadn't secured him selfe properly. and the crew wore all scams instead of one clothes well is a great material but it's not waterproof but even with oil scams you were always so . through plus the weather was cold and the food was terrible. the kind machine didn't have engines so they had to rely exclusively on wind. it took a special kind of captain to sail vessels like those. they managed to sail the ships around the cape with speed and persuasion up faster than a steam occurred in fact. i now think that site is
a pretty down there was a lot of competition among the various ships and it was a remarkable achievement for the captains and their crews to do what they did. is a copy. of go. after the panama canal was built the research around the cape became much less important. basque acorn is still a major destination in many international sailing rick as says it was him and has traveled around the cape three times.
actually kind of store when we're sailing around the world we focus on speed and performance not romantic things like the legend of cape horn talks to him but it does have a certain attraction. and in competitive racing there's a definite spirit of adventure of the zillion every time you go to sea it's a leap into the unknown. pass you never know what's going to happen you can't rely on weather forecast so you have to deal with the forces of nature as they can and that. it can get really wild as the weather can change suddenly you see the air masses and contrast in the air temperature are stronger down there than anywhere else do you feel extreme.
we're in the middle of a storm the wind speed is forty five knots we're using just the small sails. we're close to cape horn the highlights of this race. will pass by soon welcome to the un talk to goshen got a call from behind us and the seas are rough. below deck the crew are mostly protected from the elements and can enjoy a few conveniences nothing that serious of course but the food is better than it was on the nineteenth century ships there's no time for cooking so they just pull hot water on these ready to eat meals. the coastal area around cape horn off is no protection the ships have to cope with stormy seas on their own and if something goes wrong help is
a long way off. and i'm speedboats not really on on me it's when we're saving from australia to cape horn far here is always a factor we know that eventually we're going to have to turn south and head for the cape so we have to deal with the weather no matter what we just hope that the siebel have mercy on us and let us sail through the rocks communities and once you know new things and. here we are at cape horn. and. the sun just coming up. and you can see the outline of the rocks. they seem strange and mysterious. this may be the most remote place in the world. this is a magical moment. and look there's an albatross out there. what was. that. when this
ship has passed the cape it's traditional for the crew to pour a little rum into the sea and onto the deck and to take a shot themselves. even though boris is an experienced sailor this is a very special moment for him. just as buildings have been is crossing cape horn are fit folks and his ship the dogma and sail into porto williams the two main take a completely different approach to sailing. the boat that boris is using is like a formula one racer. but we use a traditional ship one that was built in one nine hundred thirty one fighter couldn't we couldn't be more different when it comes to sailing and the way we approach it. still i think that what boris does is incredibly exciting i have
a lot of respect for what he's done and i wish him and his crew all the best. you know. two hundred meters away from the dock with a dogma or in this tied up it's a lay in navy boats just getting ready to set off ok. chile has a naval station there and the crew will inspect and resupply it. they time their departure so that they'll arrive at dawn when the weather is supposed to be good. the route leads south from pressure william then through the big channel. and finally across nestle bay towards cape horn. the boat arrives at its destination precisely at seven in the morning. to make
resupply trips like this every three months or so from here they'll use inflatable boats to get to the station if the weather holds up. if it doesn't the crew won't risk. the crew unload supplies of food and construction materials. if the weather is bad for extended periods the naval station will be supplied by an egg. these are prefabricated buildings there's not enough time between storms to put up proper structures. the naval station and lighthouse are built on a peach beth that's thirty meters deep when the wind is really high you can actually see the buildings sway kid by steel cables so that they don't play a way. average folks took this picture when we
first visited there in the winter of nine hundred eighty four. folks and a friend paddled to the cape enfolding all the way from. the boats are made of wood and fabric. they look like they wouldn't stand a chance in the treacherous seas around cape horn. on the day that the two adventurous finally reached the cape the waves were up to full fees high it was a roller coaster ride. then they went ashore where they were welcomed by chilean military personnel who were stationed there. at the chapel mostly of driftwood the chaplain blessed folks and his friend
perhaps he thought it was necessary. ok corn is famous for its weather extremes including ferocious winds. the naval station commander is on an inspection tour right now preparations are underway for a celebration to mark the anniversary of the cape's discovery. these wooden walkways are designed to keep people from trampling on the fragile vegetation. this monument on a sailor's have drowned at cape horn. it was built to withstand winds of two hundred kilometers per hour. but it was damaged in a recent storm and then repaired. an estimated ten thousand people have died trying
to sail around the cape and eight hundred ships have been lost. in. the acquired family moved to the naval station just two weeks ago they'll be stationed here for a year but they're used to extreme weather. if you. have you are in the point i really dug it was awful even. when we knew that that's how it is that was noise of a given you know the army wants to handle. essentially sneezed at. you know so there are a lot i simply gave you my family and i are here because we're serving our country . and the ships and boats that sail to or from antarctica from the pacific or the atlantic all of them pass through here. i mean we're here to stand guard over the cape. to it's
a very dangerous place particularly with the high winds. so it's our duty to protect people and to serve our fatherland. it in you know when you hear us said by the. now the navy is on its way back to port said williams the weather is unusually good right now on. the benches outfitted with a satellite navigation system but the crews still use traditional equipment to get their bearings. there was no. captain jaime hill has been stationed at porto williams for five years and he has
experienced all kinds of weather. the moment. it's really nice today. compared to the last few days. the conditions including heavy swells and high winds. were very dangerous for carrying out operations. their condition of them. all in just a few weeks ago we went out an emergency call. it was one of two crew members had disappeared from a fishing boat. the wind speed at the time was eighty five knots. or about one hundred fifty kilometers per hour. on the way they were about two to three meters high. but all the know about made our work very difficult. but today the crew's lucky and the weather is quite
pleasant. in this region one of the navy's most important missions is to defend our national sovereignty. we're right on the border with argentina. thank god there have been no disputes between the two countries in the last four decades. our primary responsibility is to keep the peace and show the flag here some personnel might not enjoy being assigned to this area but for us as a naval combat unit it's perfect. question williams is the last pool its people k. home and. the crew are now stocking up on fuel for the ship's engine and the heat is.
the tanks hold four thousand five hundred nice has a feel. it's summer here right now so the marina is full and the dogma owen has to drop in the. steam ship that used to travel up and down the rhine river has been converted into a jet ski. as part of the dogma or unscrew. the. i'm down here to sail around cape horn. most of them are from europe it's a difficult trip. to the cape there's about one thousand miles of unprotected coastline the conditions can be really rough you have to earn the right to sail
around cape horn. other visitors are happy to spend a few weeks here on vacation and travel around the cape uncharted yachts for many it's a dream come true. the dead were all and is now tied up at the jetty right next to a family of sailors from britain. nick and jill sheena's have been travelling around the world on their yacht the money for nearly three decades daughter roxanne eighteen and son cesar twenty four named after a hurricane were born during these trips. jill met her future husband when the two of them were hired to transfer a yacht from europe to the caribbean nick planned to buy his own boat and travel the world. he said would you like to
come with me and i'll take you to the streets and again and cape horn so i said yeah great and it's taken us twenty seven years to get down here so it's kind of been like a loadstone for us so it's pretty good to have actually finally just last week achieved our objective of actually seeing cape horn and going around cape horn. it's more than just a rock in the sea. it's what it represents really. but i don't i mean it represents the fact that i mean in the past it was the only way around from the atlantic to the pacific and to australia and so forth and to the from one side of america to the other. but i don't think we would have come here specifically for that i mean it is that you know the most notorious it's the everest of sailing. there are people on the ground well trips of her day off in this direction not being seen again of good in struggle a lot of people get into trouble so there are stories of people getting there's
there's the stranded phrase here at this end of the beagle channel another reminder of the dangers of rounding cape horn. but the sea is a relatively calm today the crew of the demo and full of the sails and get to work . they can hardly believe their luck. and little a test some dolphins arrive to accompany the ship as it sails through nests all day . the crew takes a few minutes to enjoy the sunlight. finally the dogma ansel's post kay poem. i think i'll be tied up but i don't think any other case has captured the imagination of sailors like this one does by going in there so many ships have sunk here and so many men have died again but the weather is good today
just that you're obviously that's not always the case but when you go out there and because of the bad weather people sometimes call this cape fear you see i'll get down here. there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me yeah and i don't want to stay in one sense it's just a cape like any other but it's the history of this place that sets it apart. from the double bed that i thought has it all it's a special moment for us it's so i don't know how to describe it. but it's a great achievement to actually make it past the cape. but you know i don't think you don't forget we sailed more than nine thousand miles to get here from hamburg a big source and. we did it in a small wooden ship at school for it it's just eighteen metres long but ima be there and now we've done it there you feel like you know how good the front is that
it's in a court an occasion there will be other expeditions of course but we're going to remember this one that they go. this is the both how would you say i'm overcome with emotion right now if you can have a name i'm just thoughtful i did the best of it for the make up of nothing because all of us a. good time here do you think about the history of this place and everything that's happened here over the years. at the school here with me and i'm also trying to give the. land of it folks and his crew achieve their goal for one hundred years off to the cape was discovered and became part of the legend of kay korn. last.
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