tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle December 1, 2018 9:00am-9:15am CET
all the islands belong either to the national park or to private owners. that's why we can't live on the bar the way we used to. be working because our mom left one of my. neighbors. to. the bank has the kitchen beds and the toilets. now you lived with his parents on the boat with his two siblings he likewise has three children and he sent the two daughters to a boarding school on the mainland but because the house felt so empty they took in their neighbor's son they had two little boys and were happy to get one. past the hour on the. day it is now their son. and
just as he learned from his father new year you will soon teach him to dive and fish with a spear. only a few see no match tribes still practice this technique. manual and trade i heading back to the mainland to visit new year's family it's a long journey. from coast serene to bond to rock in the province of corroboree. parents have been living there for twelve years the village and the harbor were built with donations after the two thousand and four tsunami.
no you know he has a job to do he's carving two sticks that will stand at the harbor like the ones found on the beaches where the mocking live. they symbolize the spirits of their ancestors and protect their houses. after the tsunami one of thailand's princesses established a foundation to support the sea no man. the foundation commissioned this wooden monuments which are designed to represent the culture and ancestral ghosts of the sea nomads. along with the carbon balanced on concrete pillars. the boat is being built by new year is father child. in the past both building was the basis of his livelihood. when he wanted to get married he had to show his bride's father that he knew how to build a boat it was
a precondition for starting a family. these days he's more often on a moped than on a boat not so long ago there were no roads or pants here. now he lives in a village in a stone house on a street. this is the first time jade is eating ice cream them. but you've been there about. it i want. to there's a full house today. along with jade and his parents other relatives from the island also here are great aunts grandma and they you sister are visiting. this. if you know the tribal language market and enjoy the big family gathering.
around. the world. but shell is busy he has to head out to see his wife to really wants to go with him it's an opportunity she wouldn't miss for the world. it takes half an hour to reach this uninhabited island child and his fall from the shore all the time is going out and he doesn't want his boat to run aground. a child has run out of the bamboo like cain he's using for the foundation's boat. but he knows where to find more here in the jungle. on the mainland where he now
lives there's no jungle and no rhetor. this island used to be their home. and they bombed and about that was my father in law's house. my house was over there. the family had the island to themselves. yeah you would've been there and i wanted to stay here. it was nice and quiet i don't like noise and crowds. but the solitude had one drawback. but we had to move away because we were. but from people we knew by the way they were tie on my.
back and we had just told our c.q. combo's they wanted the money we have made. the respect their attackers would return was too great. today they're reminded after a. jury is busy collecting clams. before they settled here they'd live to see only assembling a temporary wooden house when they felt like it. so much on. the univac then we lived on the boat we could
roam free we never stayed in one place but when it got dark we'd go ashore and sleep on the beach. we spent the days diving for shellfish and c.q. cumbers. and when you meet them. the women talked in the morning and the men dived. the women would stay in the boat and row after them. but. we're good. at nights they dive with torches. and well they want flashlights they put fuel in a rod of bamboo so they could see under water. who live there. we have a special relationship with us see why many of our lives are intertwined with the sea island and i meant the bible even when we lived in housing as we maintained a connection to the sea we could see it and our. not from the house now on the
mainland we can't see it and we don't even know if it's high or low tide. to me i wish i could stay in the boat i miss it so much i'd like to spend next new year's eve on the boat with me but it. hit me in india. to see lulls to really to sleep the boat her cradle. there's nowhere on dry land where to refuels this safe. house is two kilometers from the sea. and her youngest daughter doesn't even
remember the time when the family lived at sea. and this is the living room here's our t.v. and a covered. up early and it make up that this is the stove for cooking. here the horn noise so clowns comes out that makes young girls breasts in mock and they're called part tot. mom. on the new year he has to stay on the mainland longer than planned when the words outboard motor is broken. his father tries to repair the rusty rants.
when the families together there's always a lot of joking and teasing me when a child picked up his daughter from the bus everyone thought they were a couple which explains the subsequent laughter i'm. not like one of the little. you know. child goes off to check the chaps he laid a few days ago it's been a long time since he's had a decent catch he's not even recooking the cost of the petrol the coke needs. to see has been rough for days. checking all twenty traps is tedious and time consuming work.
most disappointingly empty. only bothers with the squid he lets the crabs go he can't sell them and no one at home wants them. to them seafood is not a delicacy but it's basic food stuff. charles sells his entire catch. there's nothing left to take home and again there's no money left after his gasoline costs. more than all the god but at least he called three kilos of squid at sea today.
then there is the clams that gathered out on the island earlier. in squatting position. on a cub and it's the best way to keep your balance and stay out of the way. there and the kitchen sink is unusual. as they did on their boats the family wash and prepare their food outside. and they also collect anything that's edible in the immediate surroundings like insects. snails. fish.
you. may well return home tomorrow. before that the steaks that symbolize the ancestral spirits need to be ready. his sister helps him . the ancestral spirits not only protect the houses according to mark and tradition they are also brought offerings and consulted when someone needs to know if the weather conditions are favorable for heading out to the open sea or if a tree should be felt for example. once a year is ceremony marks the setting up of a new. these kinds of traditions play a little role in the lives of new year. they attend a state boarding school on the mainland.
manu goes to pick up his daughters so the family can spend time together before she and her husband leave the mainland tomorrow. deryni is fourteen or any ten. there. was the journey from the school to the grandparents' village takes one hour. the girls haven't seen their parents for five months. can one. zero zero zero. zero zero zero zero zero time is running out but the boat's outboard motor has to be installed before sunset. tomorrow morning now you're here
and man you want to leave when the tide is high. no use parents send him and his two siblings away to school. he missed them terribly but now he's doing the same with his children. jade who also go to boarding school when he's older. all three children are very attached to their father. the kids don't miss him so much i don't want to go to school anymore. did she tell him. no my mother a man she says i need to get an education. on would have father take her out of school that you know my father wants me to finish school oh yeah i know. deryni knows she doesn't have
a choice and she has big plans for her future oh yeah. i would like to become a doctor or a teacher why so i can help the moken to learn thai in english. but. i go for a doctor because at home there's no doctor so and i. that's the morgana. at the harbor cello is still busy building the cub on. terra knee and his sisters see their grandparents more often then their parents when they have weekends off they come to them. they only go home to the island for longer holidays. i want to hug him and tell him i love him there's so little time i thought i could sleep here with dad tonight. knowing how we were
going to. we are really fast after dinner the daughters have to go back to boarding school. there are no words in marken for saying goodbye. now. deryni the older sister is determined not to cry this time. do you think that. you. really want me if a wells the next morning a more traditional. mayor he and his father passed without saying anything at all. think that i'm.
life here might have changed but it's still very unlikely your parents' world on the mainland. not. raffle. ticket. wow. there is still a view of the sea and the boat from the houses. but this is the only beach where the mocking are allowed to settle and it's getting crowded. men can. look at the map of. the new year he and his wife run the village shop they sell soft drinks canned fish ready made meals and packets
. customers leave money in a tin. anyone who cooks a meal always cooks a little extra for everyone else. in. their. meals are shared and eaten outside. there are no explicit invitation list anyone who's hungry just sits down and tucks in. but as their lives change these customs are inevitably eroding. that. there used to be a lot of sea cucumber. but for about two years now we haven't been diving for
them because there are many left. too many marken are diving and fishing in the same place. the same goes for food stuffs and building materials from the jungle it's all running out. and he has been canceled for two years running in april when the stakes of the ancestral spirits are replaced many men are away working and i'm able to come home . you know i didn't love my new years grandmother and his wife clean out the boat. money all has found a bottle at first she's not sure what it is. oh
. it's a two thousand and eight french well no the women are certainly curious for a taste but yeah. you know. we've been highly i'm. sure you follow my. lead but the book is to let me tell you that i'm coming out. as a normal person you know what i'm. a ranger from the national park keeps an eye on the village and informs his head courses about everything that happens for example if guests stay overnight which is forbidden or if someone goes fishing without a permit. another. rangers
see to it that the villagers abide by the rules of the national park. rules that prohibit them from living at sea and restrict their traditional way of life. and. now you know he is going fishing with a friend. and. these goggles bring rain too but practical. i mean when the winds melt they completely watertight. the only other equipment is a spear. people
have been fishing here like this for thousands of yes. nowadays they can no longer sustain themselves with this type of fishing because they are banned from fishing for six months of the year. according to the national park rules the muck and fish commercially during the monsoon season right now they can only fish to feed their families. the national park administration wants to protect local fish populations and coral.
but fishing was the basis of the markings livelihood a guaranteed them a free independent lifestyle. traditionally only meant dive so families who only have daughters are always given a share of the day's catch. the fishermen can dive for up to four minutes at depths of up to thirty meeting. they have trained their lungs so that they don't need weights to walk or stand on the seabed.
at this time of day it's a good idea to stay home. every morning when the tide is high speed boats arrive to scorching hundreds of tourists. a speedboat companies have a deal with a national park they are allowed to take tourists from snorkeling expeditions and to see the sea gypsies as they call the market it. is a bit like humans who. passed . everyone in ireland.
they returned the mark and are allowed to sell souvenirs to tourists an essential source of income for the six months that the men are banned from fishing. they are his brother also runs with the tourists. where. he can stay for long. he works staring tourists back and forth from the island. with no compunction living from the very industry that's threatening mocking tradition.
he lives two hours away in college luck a tourist resort on the mainland that's popular with chinese german french anti holiday makers. all. even though he has a steady income he's seen as the black sheep of the family the one who always turns to his parents when he needs money. he says he only took the job to help them out. but he says he has no more work on the oil and because there are no more secure cumbersome shellfish there's just garbage so i have to find another job to feed the family. of four. could he also imagine working on dry land. but not for long then i have to go back to the city i have to be on the water every day and when i work it has to be on the water. even if i can't die for c.q.
combos and muscles anymore. many more can spend the tourist season working on the speed boats at night they sleep on the jetty in colac. but no commits to be on the water not just by it. to see rocks him to sleep. the fishing ban for the marken coincides with the holiday season. new year he also ferries tourists back and forth in the national park. his father can fish when he wants perhaps in some ways he has more freedom than a year. on. the bed without my father's life is very free but the most contradiction is to die for shellfish and sea cucumber. but he doesn't do that
anymore. but he doesn't fish in the old way he uses traps a lot of it out of what he puts them out in the morning and brings them up in the evening day in and day out. and about and the member of the one. with the gun up with he he's distancing himself more and more from the old ways and becoming a man of the city. that will be easy with. a man of the city is anyone who doesn't live on the water. like. what. i'm about even to give his son a carefree childhood as a senior. at least until he starts school. looking
ten or twelve they have to start working. these boys are coming back from a shift they help out in the national park cleaning up garbage or helping in the kitchen now your daughter has bass or prospects but how likely is it that she one day qualify as a doctor and come home. to see what kind of doctor she becomes. a. paramedic for the first aid station here. that would work. but if she becomes a real doctor then what is there for her here. those who work in the national park get leftover food and old cooking oil on top of their wages. the children and the equivalent of one euro forty a day and the women. they work in the park because their husbands are not allowed
to earn an income with fishing. for several nights there to trawl is within sight of the ranges fishing with nets here in the middle of the national can. the three hundred mark in serene sponsible for the disappearance of the c.q. compass and fish populations and the degradation of the coral. how much longer will they be able to live on fishing. for years father can no longer build any because of the ban on felling the trees. making the dying. these days he earns money making model boats. with a child and his wife to really only have to take care of themselves but when a woman in the family died giving birth they took in the infant. jack is now the fourth child they need to provide for him and pay for his schooling.
jack will only learn about the american life from their old stories. no i was born here the midwife was in the middle of. when she pushed me to the boat show. it happened right there. and. there were about ten women on the back. my god miley i know everything comes and goes when i sooner or later everything disappears but how can we uphold our traditions and how can we in the village preserve our culture as long as possible and do what i had not before.
nagin is full of child is on the way he hopes that the next generation will have the lifestyle he has. his father isn't i'm happy now he's a city person as long as there's food on the table and the children's schooling is taken care of that's enough he says. going. on to do one look. when he goes out to fish he sees the last couple he built at the harbor. making it was a labor of love it won't ever set sail but then there's no word for worry in the canal which. would.
anxiously waiting. waiting for lifeline to syria. good morning where are you i plan to answering. every call brings them closer together. but it hurts because they feel powerless to help. petty like i'm letting people down know that is what. they worry about the morals they've left behind. but. i'm trying to be strong but deep down i'm broken. the war continues to haunt those who fled from syria. i'm trying to reach them but nobody answers the war on my phone or to hurt the
mystery starts december eighth on t w. thousands protested on friday against the g twenty summit taking place and when a cyrus security forces had locked down the argentine capital for the march preventing demonstrators getting near the convention center where the two day conference is being held the guy. vermont said twenty five thousand police were on hand in case violence broke out. you call it an act of aggression ukraine's president petro poroshenko says all military aged russian men are banned from entering the country and in an interview with a british broadcaster he has again showed evidence of what he claims are russian military tanks and massing along his country's border this comes as the long simmering conflict between the two nations escalated in the black sea on sunday.
marriott the world's largest hotel group says the personal data of up to half a billion guests may have been compromised in a hike of the starwood reservation database a further investigation revealed there had been on authorized access to the accounts as far back as two thousand and fourteen. a magnitude seven point zero earthquake shook the u.s. state of alaska and destroyed roads and buildings there have been no reports of casualties the epicenter was just twelve kilometers north of the city of anchorage officials have cancelled a tsunami warning that was generated automatically after the quake. who will protect the world order as we know it well these are the candidates world leaders convening at the g. twenty summit in argentina they include a crown prince suspected of ordering a murder a president who's flirting with war and the leader of a superpower who evidently is all about me me and me i broke off in berlin this is
the day. i would like to you to believe this so serious to discuss three other issues such as great wealth the tragic situation in syria and yemen and the russian aggression in ukraine. i see no reason why the g twenty the us shouldn't have i mean for discussion about solving these problems especially because all the instruments of law and a home. the only condition is good will. seeing red and wearing yellow france's yellow vest protests against higher fuel prices it's no longer just about the french such. a villain now seventy and this is my
first demonstration the prices are on the up for everything that we don't have enough money to feed and you call that normal i don't know. and we begin the day of the g. twenty summit in argentina a meeting of world leaders in a world that many say is suffering from a lack of leadership the first g twenty summit took place in two thousand and eight with one important mission to rescue the global economy from the biggest financial crisis in seventy years and those leaders were successful or fast forward to today the g. twenty now accounts for eighty five percent of the world economic output two thirds of the world's population you would think that by now it would be the go to form for fixing what is wrong in the world well it is anything but that huge differences on climate change global trade and even the murder of salty journalist of us all the journalists reveal deep and growing rifts today one european union leader
reminded his counterparts of exactly why they are spending the next day or two together. we have done two on this do it us use and it's the principle of the well come to the new region can believe that there is no alternative promoted up with a corporation. putting into place you smoke is awful because it isn't having in mind no one can do it by its own means it was in fact the basic reason which it could put into place of the g. twenty speaking there we have team coverage of the g twenty summit tonight in bonus or as. max often is covering the european union and before us andy w.'s business anchor how here our greatest is there as well and right here at the big table with me is our chief political correspondent melinda gray and to
all of you welcome back let me start with you the world order is under threat now many say more than any other time since one thousand nine hundred five should we expect leaders gathering there to change that fact at this g. twenty. well i assume you mean that the threat might go away or be diminished but if you look at who's here and what they stand for and what the future may hold the likelihood of that happening isn't very great who do you have here in your poutine who's playing his old games in the eastern european border you have donald trump who repeatedly has stated that he's not a real fan of multi-lateralism but he for hers to do things bilaterally and we haven't talked to pre-book brazil today yet if you look at what's coming there you have tropical trump also narrow has been elected president so he will be attending these meetings very soon so that doesn't bode well for this format you could say
right now it's about saving it about carrying it into the future and seeing who might be here in the future to revive it we're not even sure we will have a communique this time at the g. twenty what we're hearing from diplomats especially from the european union that the process is extremely difficult but there is one little light at the end of the tunnel a little sunshine at the horizon where the world might become an easier place again and that's between china and the united states there will be a meeting between chinese president xi jinping on saturday evening together with donald trump the u.s. president and they might just give themselves a break in that trade war that has been going on for the better part of this year at least that's what we're hearing that the signs are increasing they might find a way forward find a solution but with the american president at the moment you can never be sure. of the first g. twenty summit back in two thousand and eight it was forged in a financial crisis we know the dissolution was found in the economic story today dramatically different but some would say it's just as dangerous i'm not sure i can
hear you can you hear me right now i can hear you now can you hear me javier. ok i guess you can let me ask my producer are we going to stay with them or should we go back to mill and. we'll see if we can fix the sound problems there melinda let's just talk about these summits the g. seven the g. twenty they're referred to many times as these expensive talking jobs that you would we're talking about earlier today but at the same time they're seen as underpinning the very multilateral world order that seems to be you know facing massive erosion right now absolutely the g. twenty for example it came into being as a way to deal with the international financial crisis and the idea is that by bringing together these leaders of these powerful economies you can hopefully underpin the world order that does in fact make global trade in goods and services possible and this particular meeting was actually meant to be addressing fair and
sustainable development which is quite a long way from a lot of these headline issues that we've been talking about that in fact are diverting attention there in buenos aires but the point remains none the less on crucial issues like climate change like international trade it is only by working multilaterally that we can really hope to make progress in dealing with very very difficult challenges and yet those are precisely the two areas where we're told they're having a lot of trouble negotiating a final communique climate change on the one hand and support for the world trade organization on the other and unfortunately the united states the world's most powerful country and economy is source of a lot of that friction and certainly the source of an impulse to move toward nationalist bilateralism rather than multilateralism and yet as i say many of the
crisis that we face today will not be dealt with if we try to do it by latter you know the u.s. president on film would probably disagree with you or many of those points here at the g twenty summit today with the new trade deal between the us mexico and canada signed sealed and delivered the new treaty replaces nafta which trump blame for the loss of industrial jobs in america. in north america we understand very clearly that it society's prosperity will be great and will be deeply rooted if it's based in the prosperity of the region as a whole. in short this is a model agreement that changes the trade landscape forever and this is an agreement that first and foremost benefits working people something of great importance to all three of us here today make no mistake we will stand up for our workers and fight for their families and their communities and donald it's all the more reason
why we need to keep working to remove the tariffs on steel and aluminum between our countries all right let me ask you what are you hearing at the g. twenty summit about this new trade deal is it seen as a real improvement on the. well not really brand most analysts that have taken a look at the agreement would conclude that it is not significantly different to the original nafta agreement maybe the only very important aspect is considering that nafta was signed in one nine hundred ninety three that it includes a lot of digital aspects that did not exist at the time but other than that other than the concessions that it made for some of the dairy industries and to the automotive industry for the united states it essentially is still a free trade agreement between canada mexico and the united states maybe that is a sort of relief for people participating at the g twenty summit as it is a multilateral agreement and a commitment to free trade by those three countries but you have to put things in perspective and take
a look at all the damage that the uncertainty during these years has actually caused when donald trump was essentially suggesting that it would end nafta at all and have no free trade agreement with its two neighboring countries companies stopped investing in companies could not plan companies fired people and that was definitely more damage perhaps than the good that this new deal brings in. our dog here think you will trump has one trade deal done there's an even larger one looming with china hears the president talking about his upcoming talks with she should be able to work the meeting with president chirac as well but of course work tomorrow i would say with their feet maybe but in the meantime people are working our staff is working. with the people working working very hard to make you feel that they want to do what we like. those are the melinda so they would like to have a deal he would like to have a deal is trump in a position to demand more from the chinese now that he does have this new trade
deal with north america. transfer and demanding a lot from the chinese all along i don't know that that makes a particular difference but what definitely might focus minds is the fact that both china and the u.s. are feeling some pain from the trade conflict that's been raging for some months now and particularly in the u.s. apparently donald trump was very troubled by the news this week that g.m. was laying off fifteen thousand workers and reducing activity at five different plants and definitely made a connection to trade difficulties as one of the reasons that that is happening we also know that u.s. consumers are likely to see some higher prices as they start doing their christmas shots right this year all of that may not go down so well after all with trump space and as you know he often does play to the base there's so there's been a sense he may finally be in the mood to be
a bit more conciliatory we heard that as well from max that that could be where it's heading where he needs mr president xi jinping tomorrow that would be the first time these two have met in over a year and they professed to be buddies last time around we'll see how far that atmospheric personality stuff carries them but definitely have. there is an impetus on both sides to try to deescalate and max that was that announcement today from the european union about more liquefied natural gas and soybean imports from the u.s. to the european union are we seeing a leveling of the of the trade playing field here strumpet has been demanding from europe. well this is really a political decision because if you look at it you know the soybeans that doesn't hurt the european union it's something that the e.u. can give the americans without really hurting now the liquid liquefied natural gas story is a more interesting story because you have to look at it this way the european union
is very close to russia russia has huge supply of gas this gas can be shipped to europe in a very easy way so why should the europeans not do that for political reasons because they don't want to be dependent on the russians for their energy as much as they have been in the past so they decide to ship liquefied natural gas with ships where you need liquefying stations in the united states you need to find stations in europe across the atlantic what happens of course this gas is much more expensive and the european union can't force its energy providers to buy the gas over there in that i did states so the promises made by the e.u. might not be a substantial lies in the future we don't know we do know that the elegy exports from united states to europe have increased but those dimensions aren't comparable to the gas that for example countries like germany are getting from russia it's clearly political it's something that the e.u. can give to the united states to pacify trump but to back it up it's still
a long way. thank you what he is the president that many leaders would like to spend some time with at the g. twenty summit and i'm not talking about donald trump i'm talking about russian president vladimir putin today. we know there will be no sideline meeting between him and u.s. president trump we also know that german chancellor angela merkel will meet with mr putin to discuss escalations intentions with ukraine no word on whether or not trump will be present for that talk expected to bring up the possibility of new economic sanctions as a response to last sunday's naval clash between russia and ukraine here's what mr putin said about the possibility of new sanctions you you need. it cannot be ignored that dishonest competition is replacing honest dialogue between nation states a vicious practice of returning to illegal uni lateral sanctions and protectionist measures spreading going around the un. and internationally recognized legal
norms. linda is the german chancellor is she really going to go in that meeting and say either change or wouldn't let more sanctions on well it's not into the saveable she actually has been pretty tough about sanctions so far in regard to the russian incursions into crimea and ukraine and she may well be willing to make that argument certainly european union leaders were saying today that that is the european line on this that sanctions would be the the next step if russia doesn't deescalate what chancellor merkel did say very clearly on her way over to argentina is that she does look to mediate in this crisis and by the way the president of ukraine mr poroshenko asked for mediation by both germany and the u.s. however mr trump hasn't indicated that he's particularly eager to take on that role
and co-host such an effort with ms merkel so it may come down in fact to her and she certainly she said she thinks this absolutely does need to deescalate and she wants to see russia release those sailors so she hasn't spoken out about sanctions directly but she may well do so in that meeting quickly just ask you what about getting european union support for more sanctions against russia. yeah but before i answer that brand i want to make an announcement here it appears that the chancellor is in the process of landing in buenos iris the german chancellor so after a stronger way we might actually see her here at the summit today so get back to your questions new sanctions against russia now the question first question here is have to have the sanctions that are in place still together with the united states work if you look at what putin is doing in ukraine crimea eastern ukraine right on the border of the european union that many say no it has not worked so what's the point of having new sanctions especially that the e.u.
can't really hope for the new round of sanctions working without the united states in the signals from the u.s. to get on board with new sanctions aren't very strong to say the least at the moment but don't notice the e.u. council president arriving here at the g. twenty summit at the beginning did say he expects a rollover of the already existing e.u. sanctions against russia. thank you the g. twenty summit is the first international diplomatic test for the saudi crown prince mohammed here we are and sell it we are going since the murder of the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi in turkey back in october much of the world believes that the crown prince ordered that killing well some leaders have distanced themselves from the prince namely and you're going to see that just a second turkish president erda was it did not go unnoticed today when the leaders gathered for a group photo or we're going to see that photo there we go i want you to look closely now president ever won and the saudi crown friends position themselves at
opposite ends of the group aired a one you can see on the left the crown prince. on the right it's. that that said the crown prince is certainly no political pariah at the moment to the french the u.s. the chinese president's met with him in separate talks to. so as he really isn't suffering is he is well we don't know what they're saying to him behind closed doors meetings like that absolutely are a crucial occasion for bringing pressure to bear and i think that certainly will have happened with at least some of the countries that you named they made it pretty clear from the outset that that was their intention and their two european union and union leaders spoke out quite forcefully and said that they would be raising the matter with the crown prince to resume a from the u.k. referred to what she expect to be a very robust stance that she would take and i think they will be raising questions
not only about the murder of journalists but also very much about the war in yemen and there has been at least a bit of pushback on that from not the trump administration but from the u.s. senate which essentially rebuked the president for his stance this week in which he essentially said look we're not that worried about what saudi arabia's up because we just need them so badly to counter iran we need them as a friend for israel and and basically essentially offering cut blash lot of pushback from the senate which said we are now going to take another look at u.s. activities in yemen and roll back that u.s. rule so i think there will be some hard questions asked of the crown prince nonetheless a lot of people like saudi arabia's oil very good point the german chancellor as we heard is missing the g.
twenty opening and we heard that she has just landed her government air. and return to germany and make an emergency landing because of technical problems so this morning she continued on her journey to what is arash on the flight operated by the spanish airline iberia there's been a lot of reaction on social media this german users we do you realize the state is saving money until it totally void. now when the head of government misses half of an international summit because of a broken bundeswehr air play another post germany finally needs a decent miracle for someone who will take us seriously if even the chancellor can't make it to the g. twenty on time and then you've got this tweet it i find it pragmatic unpleasantly low key that mrs merkel is using the national airline of another easy member to fly to buenos aires some commentators view the national pride as being damaged that says a lot about them interesting. all
right well if you drive you might have a yellow vest in your car it's a hybrid safety vest in case of a break but in france it's become the symbol of a protest movement against the reforms of french president yellow vest demonstrations were triggered by micron's hike in fuel taxes he says it's needed to tackle climate change but critics say it's forcing the poor to foot the bill well it's no longer is just a french story take a look at these scenes here there from brussels belgium today elise fired tear gas best protesters and made dozens of arrests this weekend in france the yellow vests are expected to be out in force again in paris g w two to the streets with one of the founders of the. ski is on her way to paris to organize a protest she hopes will shut down the downtown area. is on the line.
of business with those protesting because we have less and less money enough places to take the fuel tanks it's already very high and they keep on increasing. her car is absolutely crucial for her organic cosmetics business and driving is becoming increasingly an affordable for many people with lengthy commutes to and from paris a few months ago. set up an online petition calling for a reduction in the mineral oil tax within just a couple of weeks it had been signed by several hundred thousand people the petition spawned a grassroots movement named after the vests worn by people protesting against president micron's policies the yellow vests now number half a million illegal now seventy and this is my first demonstration prices are on the up for everything gasoline gas and electricity one two hundred euro short a month but my pension is only increased by three euros for my work for forty two
years. that we don't have enough money to feed our children you. call that normal. elsewhere in paris people fail to understand what all the fuss is about downtown residents live a world away from those in the suburbs here many welcome across efforts to support the environment by raising fuel taxes. someone on this issue and the you know vests that they do it's really we don't have a come and we don't want fund said the tax doesn't affect us the tax on diesel has become a highly charged issue with less privileged citizens feeling left behind. but the government is standing firm. that's how they're talking but we will adhere to our environmental objectives regardless of whether people like it will need to feel safe but for the yellow vests it's the little people footing the bill most of those protesting voted for mccall in the hope of seeing a more just society now they're calling for his resignation. was
the. dusky has nothing against environmental protection but she cannot accept is that it's being paid for mainly by residents in the suburbs who are dependent on cars she says the gulf between the center of paris and the periphery between rich and poor is growing on the. wrong the. physical and yet the president needs to listen to us and rethink some decisions including to make progress we have to work together as a. right wing populists have also been trying to embrace the movement the russell i'm all nazionale join the protests despite brazilians efforts to keep them away. we support this movement because they're criticizing the same things that we've been criticizing for years. dude it's environmental protection that punishes french
people and that's precisely what mr mcconnell wants to make running a car too expensive for normal people. after months of planning and organizing the protests priscilla is now powerless to prevent nationalists using the movement for its own aims there have been several cases of right wing yellow vests subjecting car drivers to racist abuse and damaging their vehicles for silly is appalled i know we don't want people promoting a potties ideology. they can come as regular citizens because this is a citizen's movement. but we don't want them showing up to represent the. other parties have also attempted to instrumental lies the protest movement purposively a little ski doesn't want them manning the barricades it's not a question of being left or right wing she says but justice for ordinary french. well the conversation continues online here at the day you'll find us on twitter
hell on earth. that's the name of this electronic waste dump in a cross. but for those who. also a treasure trove. can inspire creation. salvage what they can from the garbage of the throw away era. and senior with it to eke out a living. they want silent in syria. and they won't be silent in excess. of seven people who fled to europe from the brutal persecution in their homeland are
filing criminal charges against the country's senior officials. testifying against assad seeking justice for syria. in forty five minutes. a continent is reinventing itself. as africa's tech scene discovers it's true potential. inventors entrepreneurs and high tech professionals talk about their. visions successes and day to day business to preserve. its. history. everyone. says there is nothing to fish for the. future to africa starts
december twelfth w. . welcome to global three thousand traditionally india's reika people live with and from camels today they're having to be a bit more creative to. learning via smartphone we made a young man in indonesia whose bright idea is bringing education to millions but first we go to. a scrap yard in ghana it might well be hellish but for those who work here it's essential. smartphones washing machines t.v.'s ecan dishes those who can afford them rarely choose to go without and indeed
for a few years at least they can make our lives easier. but that was this year alone forty eight million tons of electrical waste will be produced worldwide that sounds like a lot. in fact it's four thousand eight hundred times the weight of the eiffel tower in just one year. and what happens to all these old broken machines well a significant proportion gets shipped to west africa for scrap yards in countries like god. one of africa's largest waste scrapyards situated on the outskirts of ghana's capital accra is often being called hell on earth. it's toxic filthy and it stinks.
every day terms of discarded electrical appliances cars and scrap metal and appear much of it from you. everything you guess dismantled and either broken down into its raw materials or processed on the spot. but just cocoa has a big job to do he's making a mold out of sand. then he'll melt down an old engine to pour into it to form a cooking pot. it takes time for the aluminum to melt. joseph coco's happy with his work here. i can get the goods here any time i need them. if i see what i want and i just run out and buy it and get to work. so that makes the work very easy for me here.
just. a short time later the pot is done. after deducting the cost of the material and rent for the workshop joseph earns about twenty going to c.d.'s for his medium sized pot the equivalent of three euros fifty. you can afford to pay two employees. he's doing a thriving business as are many others here. the scrap yard operates much like an hour until everyone has a job to do and they all work hard. anything that can be reused is repaired. aggregate jeezy who came from nigeria specializes in laptops and performs wonders with them. starting a business like this back home would have been too expensive. in africa. we don't use things like europeans do in africa we use things until they
die we buy things and bring them to life again a life. lived in this workshop condition as a brought back to life. some resurrected us fans. building a t.v. antenna here is a snap everything you need can be salvaged. the old soda and beer cans are melted down and turned into cooking pots. the sketch shows were just from across west africa. no one here complains about the work at least not to us. at. the moment you come here you feel proud to work. very proud. and everyone here is working hard they don't go playing or joking. just
kowtows looking for moral materials for his pops one of his supply is has just received a fresh delivery of old engines. he knows that much of this waste comes from europe but says he isn't bothered by the. other countries that you see other countries that are poor and it's not because god ignores them or because he hasn't given them the same amount it's about deciding what we want to have tomorrow or what we're planning for our future life we have enough it depends on how we use it how we plan for our future today. the scruff is so high the kilo engines are more expensive than aluminum made of soda cans to joseph says they're much better suited to making cooking pots. precious little here goes to waste an old coach is now a roof. cab of
a truck is being used as a break room. sexercise equipment is being used to exercise. at the end of the workday joseph heads home he passes by the vendors who also sell his parts. like most of the people in this part of our craft he's originally from the country's north it's a region that's been badly hit by drought and few people have work. joseph didn't either so he and his wife moved to accra. his neighbors in the slum showed him out to make cooking pots out of scrap metal. now he and his family own their own home so they no longer need to pay rent. for joseph doesn't want to work in the scrapyard forever he dreams of going to university.
because it's education whatever level you're at you open your mind to the world and you're able to overcome challenges in life. education brightens your life if you want to business or anything else you do you need to educate yourself to a certain level you learn how to live your life become somehow easier than if you were not educated. tomorrow chose of kogo richard and his workshop at the least scrap. of place often labeled as hell on earth. sticking to a vision and not losing hope that's key for the global shapers two young people dedicated to combining creative ideas and commitment to making lasting change supported by the world economic forum so far they've helped kids in colombia's
poorest neighborhoods campaigned for affordable housing in japan and fought for the rights of prisoners in brazil. there are around seven and a half thousand global shakers around the world today we head to indonesia's capital jakarta to meet one young man with a brilliant idea. everyone see will be else on. the list. mohammed smartphone is his teacher the nine year old has already used it to learn english with the help of short videos and question and answer games. ten million young indonesians already logged into their own language ops digital lessons the platform was founded by. just twenty seven he now heads a company with more than a thousand workers. who are just a car to headquarters first in point. the curriculum is constantly being upgraded
with everything from exercises for national school exams to math problems to elementary grade levels i come from a big family five she serves no brother i'm the youngest in the family yet i'm the first one who graduated from college for my whole family right so i've seen how then when you get exposed with quality education you can completely transform your life i've seen it to myself and i really want to impact others by giving them access that they might not have before. the company aims to spark a digital educational revolution in indonesia a man and his team launched their startup in twenty fourteen they want to offer content that's interesting and interactive things state education all too often isn't. many indonesians have come to trust this new kind of learning. but i got. to know first i didn't tell my parents that i was using it to study i am
what i thought i just said that i was working. but finally i mustered up the courage to tell them now my parents are really proud of me because i've achieved so much. for the uses it's also a cost effective mode of learning students can call on one hundred fifty thousand indonesian teachers using the app one on one instruction costs more the teachers are highly motivated in part because the students also evaluate them. in previously called learning has always been seen as a privilege on the reach or maybe the middle class who can afford. the cheese or want to see is that you know it becomes a right for every single person so all the one you know to democratize quality education there are a wanker a job success took him on as man and his team by surprise. nowadays they sometimes
have difficulty finding suitable programmers and teachers this record growth is also an organizational challenge especially because the company wants to branch out . and want to make sure that passage and you know secondary education become a lot more and more for the ball but other than that we're actually also developing other solutions that help them to get employed and get external you know support as well through an application that we call who want a job which is basically providing offshore courses an online training are not only for students but also for adults and young professionals. improving employment prospects is also good business after all there's little incentive for a good education if there's no work but the idea of lifelong learning seems to appeal to many young indonesians as long as the lessons of varied and fun. and now from indonesia to china where the ever expanding wealthier classes are
stepping up their spending on products like food and drink for example take mine since the early two thousand china's wine consumption has jumped from eleven to almost eighteen million hectares. since the one nine hundred eighty s. per capita meat consumption has quadrupled to forty two kilos a year and milk products are in demand to the chinese now spend twice as much on your gut as they did a few years ago. and one brand is proving it's specially popular it comes from vogue area. ghana and our neighbors they're from a village in bulgaria called munch lufti. together with other locals they're taking part in a chinese language class. for bulgarians it's a hard language to learn. now he says it's pretty complicated. but i'd really like
to learn some phrases that i can impress the chinese visitors with. the letter i'm very interested in chinese culture and the logic behind the syllables in the chinese written character speak. chinese visitors. in the road oh please a mountain range close to the greek border these days there are signs scattered about the village in chinese so what's going on. the chinese visitors are here for one thing lactobacillus book our customs the bacteria found in the local yogurt. was.
gonna is the distinction of who was born and bred here and is now ninety four. he's also world famous he's been on t.v. and bulgaria brazil and china explaining the secret of his long life. we're also healthy here because we eat a lot of yogurt we can't live without it it can be made with cow's milk sheep's milk or goats milk it doesn't matter we need your good to survive that's why i've lived so long. china wants what he's happening among the yogurt is one of chinese company bright berries top selling products. in the oceans he says. the drinking yogurt made with a strain of lactobacillus bill carrick earth. every major supermarket in china and
has become a byword for healthy living. i really like this brand of yogurt it comes from a place where i live to a ripe old age. and the packaging says it makes you live longer with all these images. back in my. dairy farmer. can remember the first time he was visited by a delegation from china eight years ago. they made careful note of how he made yogurt and quizzed them on the secrets of the bulgarian recipe. file it's a very simple formula on the one hand as cattle graze on these lovely meadows and also we have a very special breed of cattle they produce less milk but it's very high quality
and has a higher fat content. demonstrates his traditional yogurt making process he feels glasses with milk that's been heated to forty five degrees celsius then cooled then he adds a lot of. the starter culture comes from an existing. so the bacteria can reproduce indefinitely it's added to a new batch of milk which is then left to stand for up to three hours. that's also how the chinese make their yogurt with a starter culture from. the brand has now become so popular in china that it's boosted tourism to the region. as it is are eager to visit the places they know from the packaging in commercials including the path of longevity. there is now even an annual chinese bulgarian
yogurt festival that draws around five thousand visitors from china. daming. like many here is learning chinese so that she too can benefit from the been in tourism. the. well i think we can keep the traditional character of the village despite all the visitors the tourists from china won't spoil anything it's more likely that they will be different once they've been here after they've seen all our beautiful landscapes it's cold there goners dream is to open a small hotel and bulgarian yogurt will definitely be on the breakfast menu. and now from some milk or rather to an indian camel milk this weekend global ideas
we visit the right here rely on camels to make a living but that's becoming increasingly challenging. on travel to the pawnee district of the state to buy just on to find out more she spent several days with her just defriended their animals turns decided along the way that their milk is pretty tasty teaching. her to the right of the people who've been hurting camels here and register on for centuries reich a tradition holds the lord shiva created that cost specifically so they could look after camels but times have changed the traditional way of life is now under threat . mechanized farming has long been able to do
much of the work that camels once did so that market value his drop sharply the last thirty years have seen the camel population and registers on shrink dramatically. he found one all right because says his father used to have twice as many camels as he does. but on what appeared to addictions of being handed down for generations they mean look to us but how can we uphold our traditions when we have no income when young people have to leave for the cities to make a living my children go to school that costs me a lot every month we can no longer make a living without camels how we going to survive. on the ground. is the cooler hole left song isn't ethnologist and veterinarian together with one thing right she says help an organization that helps camel herders sustain their
livelihood it's an advocacy group for right and i camels and also raises awareness that the animals play a crucial role protecting the environment. come near the why don't. they in our grazing helps treat conservation in many ways more immigrant. a lot of trees can only germinate with the hope of women are that you there cut. it's great it's a natural cycle humans camels the bio tells you to and the production of quality foodstuffs for. camels are the only animals that eat indian globe fix all these short spiky plants or nightmare for famines without the camels the plant would proliferate all over the fields and choke the crops. camels graze by breaking off a few branches chewing a few leaves and moving on it's
a grazing practice that encourages regeneration the camels need large browsing areas and can cover a ten kilometer of the day but changes to agriculture mean that postulate is in short supply. had one thing rats or has been working with camel herd as for nearly three decades in the past and he kidani was a thriving village locals own some three thousand camels between them. only remember that we don't look at the minute i don't want to look at now many locals have since switched to buffalo herding it's more profitable. than this and they're also the informed so. we're going to solve the. situation if you like in next the next five years you're to go and see any on the dole or anywhere because nobody wants. if camels disappeared from the roads or graduate on traditional rock
a culture could also disappear and with it the expertise in agro pastoral herding practices. once a year bull coughs a soul that camel markets for centuries this has been right his main source of income they keep the cals for breeding. camel milk is highly nutritious and a staple of the right diet they used to say selling camel milk is like selling your children but that's changing too. now every morning right head takes camel milk two a day every founded three years ago by. sons and. well . i was about to give up i sold my camels within the organization began selling camel milk so i got my herd back now i can feed my family with what i earned selling camel milk. if the organization has stopped
selling milk tomorrow. i'd have to sell the herd again. last year he even bought more camels doubling his herds milk production. the dairy has also turned around telegram records for jeans when he was a boy his family sent into the city to earn a living he spent fifteen years toiling in restaurants hotels and tea shops. i worked in the city for years and for less money than i'm in here i started in the dairy two months ago i know a lot about camel milk i'm very happy working here i hope the dairy continues to do well you know. camels have a very diet eating thirty six different types of plants known for them medicinal properties so their milk is believed to have many health benefits.
but for now the camel karisma micro dairy still isn't selling as much as it could it's operating at just a third of its capacity it needs more buyers. only really from out at the moment we have only about six family supplying us but there's a huge amount of interest. we get calls every day from reika asking if we can buy them. it's a big concern we've seen that reika who can earn a living selling their milk are able to keep their camels perkoff their mirrors. surplus melkus turned into soap a product that sells well another step towards ensuring the right to an income. for the products that have been developed include textiles made from camel have.
this paper is made from camel dung but the biggest challenge is finding custom and so the tourist sometimes visit and sample the local camel milk as a cooler full of sun takes the opportunity to raise awareness of heiko culture and the threat it faces off their robot arm even a ride on a global level the un has recognized the importance of nomadic agger pastoralism you know so we're moving in the right direction but the question is can we help before time runs out. to preserve the herds the right can need to make a living thirty years ago there were one million camels and around just on today it's just a fifth that nearly all the herd isn't now old if they aren't joined by a younger generation this traditional way of life will soon be lost.
they want silence in syria. and they won't be silent an exile. seven people who fled to europe from the brutal persecution and their homeland are filing criminal charges against the country's senior officials. testifying against assad seeking justice for syria. insisting that t.w. . i am interested in both and i want to find out what turns this amazing evil town world heritage status will be using the famous just the insurance and be looking at what else you can experience here in the run up to
twenty summit taking place for the first time in. south american country here in one of cyrus agence enough a country struggling with an economic crisis an increased public for great good will the nationalist trade agenda of u.s. president telecom dummy makes this encounter and will it undermine the bank said something like infrastructure for development and the future of work and sustainable food today and u.w. news. birth. home to millions of species a home for saving. kids which those are big changes and must start with small steps global ideas tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like to use the term climate to stick green energy solutions and reforestation. they create interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and more determined to build something here for the next
generation global ideas the multimedia environment series on t.w. . thousands protested on friday against the g twenty summit taking place and when a cyrus security forces had locked down the argentine capital for the march preventing demonstrators getting near the convention center where the two day conference is being held the government said twenty five thousand police were on hand in case violence broke out. you call it an act of aggression ukraine's president petro poroshenko says all military aged russian men are banned from entering the country and in an interview with a british broadcaster he has again showed evidence of what he claims are russian military tanks and massing along his country's border this comes as the long simmering conflict between the two nations escalated in the black sea on sunday.
mariette the world's largest toto. group says the personal data of up to half a billion guests may have been compromised in a hike of the starwood reservation database a further investigation revealed there had been on authorized access to the accounts as far back as two thousand and fourteen. a magnitude seven point zero earthquake shook the us state of alaska and destroyed roads and buildings there have been no reports of casualties the epicenter was just twelve kilometers north of the city of anchorage officials have cancelled it tsunami warning that was generated automatically after the quake. it's been long and coming now the g twenty has seen one trade deal with canada mexico and the united states signed a renegotiated version of the nafta deal which donald trump tore off also on the
program hackers infiltrate the marriott hotel group and make off with the data out of five hundred million guests over a four year period and as the world pursues sustainable economics kenyan fisherfolk have sparked a national fashion craze using their catch. come to the program it's considered a successful starts to a g. twenty meeting otherwise full of thorny issues the united states mexico and canada have signed a new trade deal after u.s. president donald trump pulled out of the regions free trade agreement the deal calls for seventy five percent of parts use in cars sold in the region to be manufactured in north america it also increases u.s. access to canada's dairy markets and maintains a trade dispute settlement system known as chapter nineteen which mr trump had hoped to scrap the deal must now be ratified by each country spark.
so let's go over to the g. twenty summit as again to our very own get us a trade deal signed between the us canada and mexico there but not really cause for celebration. that's great because because most analysts have taken a look at this agreement i have concluded that it is not significantly different to what nafta had proposed in the beginning we do know that there are concessions for some industries like the auto industry and the dairy exports of the u.s. to canada but these changes are perhaps not that so. if you consider the damage that this whole uncertainty has actually done to these exact same industries let's not forget that during the time where it was unclear whether the u.s. would pull out of nafta completely and not have a trade deal with canada and mexico many companies halted investments left their current positions as they were fired employees because they were unable to plan for the future now this has of course taken care of those issues as it is and provides
relief but the damages are very profound and the wounds are very profound to. talk about another big topic there and the trade spat between the u.s. and china what are you hearing can we dare to hope for progress. well it is very common to see the summit progresses many voices coming from the negotiating teams that they of course want success out of this summit as well and they are hoping for some kind of agreement between trump and she being what many expect expect to see here is a marked seal if you will both trump and she being saying that they reach some kind of agreement but nothing really substantial to make these trade disputes a thing of the past but rather maybe delaying some kind of imposition of new trade barriers something of that sort that's what we could expect let's not forget that
these two economies together are extremely important are heavyweights for the rest of the countries so everyone will be watching what they have to say but an end to the trade dispute is probably not really in sight here at the g. twenty just. reporting from the g. twenty summit. thank you so much. well as our correspondent just pointed out president trump says something could very well come out of the trade talks with his chinese counterpart gigi ping both countries have hit each other with sanctions and congress and terms of world hundreds of billions of dollars the measures have been alarming to world markets including small businesses in china. when tons shipping talks with potential customers he avoids discussing china's trade issues with the u.s. most of his clients he says just want to buy a luxury vehicle for the best possible price until now about a third of his sales came from american brands but since the introduction of tariffs no one wants to buy them anymore. so i don't think it was very wise of
trump to start a trade war. we all lose then china is a huge market and now he's losing that huge market for. cars like this dodge ram now cost around six thousand euros more due to a ten percent tariff on vehicles imported from the u.s. . like others tongues shipping has been caught up in the trade war set in motion by u.s. president donald trump and countered by chinese premier g. ping. more than just the movement of goods is at stake it's about influence power and world leadership in the future. john you know june founded a p.r. agency in beijing her husband jeremiah is an american the two have been married for eleven years. little has changed for them since the trade war began the only thing
they've noticed is that apples in the supermarket that used to come from the u.s. now come from canada. you know it doesn't but both are worried about the heated conflict right between the two countries of course because people talk about another cold world is that the case yeah it. does concern me into a certain extent because you know as the top leader of the united states seeing something so strong i think that must mean something it seems to be kind of a strategic competitor or you know possibly even something more in the world today and i think a lot of americans have a hard time kind of putting that in any kind of you know framework the trade war is affecting china its economy is slowing and beijing hopes its punitive tariffs will have the same effect on export industries in the u.s. the rivalry between the two nations will now set the tone at the g.
twenty summit. the u.s. federal bureau of investigation says it is looking into a massive cyber attack that rattled the world's largest hotel group marry out the personal data of up to half a billion guests may have been compromised and they hack the reservation base of marriott's starwood division for the large majority of the people affected the stolen data includes some combination of name address phone number email passport number as well as details of their state or out says it was alerted on september eighth that there had been an attempted attack and subsequent probe showed that there have been an authorized access to the database as far back as twenty fourteen . for more on the story let's bring in our man on wall street also a noise stero jose luis this incident is among the biggest corporate tax in history i'm sure it left its mark on investors as well. exactly since we are
talking as you pointed out of one of the largest reported breaches of personal information in history along with the yahoo one disclosed all bird two years ago tomorrow chaired dropped over five percent on friday but now the main question is how much these will cost to the company data breaches are expensive and they cost two hundred million dollars to retailers like target or home depot and some models number over three hundred fifty million dollars when over fifty million records are affected also point out in general the hospitality industry is a primary target for these kind of criminal activity because payment and reservation systems include valuable information that attracts criminal actors maryon chairs tumble emit a massive cyber attack wholesaler reporting from the new york stock exchange thank you so much. the european central bank has rolled out the first pan euro zone
instant payment service called tips aimed at competing with other digital wallet systems that are growing fast much like its american and asian competitors tips promises to be a contactless and super farce online payment system it should help europe's increasingly digital first consumers do cross order business while companies like google and apple may have been first to the market the system is links directly to a central bank funds making it theoretically much faster than other systems. public awareness is growing about the dangers that climate change and plastic pollution pose to our oceans but for those who make their living from the sea the challenge is to work sustainably without neglecting economic potential northern kenya fishermen and women are doing that by seeing their catch not just something to eat but to wear as well. once upon a time this large specimen would have been destined only for your dinner place but
now the fisherman and women around lake turkana in northern kenya are exploiting the skin as well as the flesh of their catch it's part of an initiative that helps locals to develop new income sources without causing harm to the oceans so far cultivating fish leather is paying off fish. fish. once it's been treated the skin can be used to make a range of luxury fashion items from shoes to bags that's presented new opportunities for kenyan designers. to create.
infuse. together with first skin and. materials i wanted to bring order combination but it has never been done before to bring a new imagine a new look to how we look at the product a totally new look inspired by a material that's making a splash in kenya as fashion seen. want to germany's oldest and best known christmas market has opened its doors and they've ever. the country's stallholders association says with the sale of mulled wine brought forest and tons of sweets germany's three thousand christmas markets generate revenues of around five billion euros a year all in just four weeks. certainly sounds like a proper plan for the next couple of days you have yourself a fabulous weekend as well.
alliance of. what's your story. i'm with numbers of women especially of victims of violence. take part and send us your story we are trying always to understand this new culture. another visitor another guests you want to become a citizen. in for migrants your platform for reliable information. thanks lee waiting waiting for a lifeline to syria. good morning where are you why aren't you answering a different call brings them closer together. but it hurts because they feel powerless to help.
they worry about the ones they've left behind. i'm trying to be strong but deep down i'm broken. the war continues to haunt those who fled from syria. and. i'm trying to reach them but nobody else says. the war on my phone or too hard documentary starts december eighth own t w. president thanks for giving us the opportunity this is your first minute around once watching an interview with bashar al assad in which the syrian president is confronted with photos of people tortured to death would not sad rejects the claim
that they were killed by his own. security forces you can. just go by god i just faking it was i was there and my friends died in front of my eyes because of torture and until this very moment there's people who are dying because of torture if we are getting the civilians who are we defending syria against who and for assad dismisses criticism as afeard to demonize his regime as they already have been tortured everyone i met and present in tortured. to lie it's a big lie it is a way of defense of the government against the people you know but it's acute and it's part of the savior if the government was if you want to go with they can make it legally but with me of their four decades they don't need anything think with the execution according to go after a trial is a legal action don't allow too many lawyers too and even for the prisoners.
the old hold on. one or two minutes to. decision. execution the people who saw. him november the fourth twenty sixteen syrian human rights lawyer and while boonie launches an appeal on facebook. we are looking for people who were abducted taken to intelligence service channels two one five two two seven and two
three five and tortured them we want to press charges in germany and sent a clear message to the torture is in syria there is no impunity. one hundred people responded that same day offering to testify as witnesses. khalid or ours was in germany when he saw the appeal he had heard good things about the syrian human rights lawyer album he was known for his courage in defending countless political detainees at trials in syria. never less. i was surprised actually. here i had an opportunity to bring criminal charges. despite not being german. and chance for me so as i said it was an opportunity. and as soon as i saw the appeal. i talked to and
we're right away. in twenty fifteen khalid and his wife were able to escape and come to germany where they were recognized towns political refugees they had taken part in the mass protests against our society in twenty eleven peaceful activists plus they were on the syrian intelligence agencies wanted list at the end of twenty eleven they had been arrested by military intelligence in damascus and taken to the newtonians branch to one find they are now to give evidence to the german attorney general all the karpinski in this present they were like totally like ruined they cried for a week and what ever it is because it's not something that they are used to you know there was a shock to get into the room and they just told you and they never told you to take off your clothes it was like a surprise thing you know take off your pants and took off her dress and took off
your cup to look at and in every step they will ask you to do with again you know and you will be are you serious i am going to be like totally naked you would never know what tripped this tripped me when i went. totally naked and he did sexually harass they they thought they might be in whatever he tried to do something does not want to talk about the manner of his torture only about how he was forced to watch the torture is at work it happened before the third by four then these as five so you know they were torture those are the four was torture in itself and. the in the these that by i had to go down on my knees and watch. on my part of my heart and they held my head up by my hair to force me to watch. long chain they had
a long chain with a hook on the airline. and on the end beat the two prisoners on the back with the whole. focus on and that is the how of then on the fly fish it is hell i can see the exposed flush on and. it's kind of the for me personally for me that image was the worst thing i experienced. on the. there is now widespread evidence of syrian intelligence running a network of detention facilities called branches all across damascus branch two one five was the destination for many of the demonstrators arrested during protests like khaled and a beer the interrogation and torture rooms are said to be located in the six and seven stories. branch two for eight is linked to executions conducted without trial. branch two to seven has seen thousands of cases of
arbitrary detention as usual in underground cells two to seven is the branch with the highest number of deaths the syrian air forces intelligence wing is considered the most brutal agency one of its torture divisions is located in measure a at a military airport you may hear dying from torture starvation and the general conditions of detention. berlin summer twenty seventeen. a confidential meeting at the european center for constitutional and human rights to prepare the criminal charges against the torturers the german attorneys here specialize in international law they work together with syrian lawyer and journalist darwish and human rights lawyer and while bernie's. instead of accusing individual torturers the team are targeting the top of the chain of command high ranking officials from syrian intelligence services. to change.
international law expert patrick crocker explains to colleagues attending the meetings our german law also covers officials who failed to prevent crimes which were not for something he did but for something that he didn't do and what he didn't do was to give. the people that committed the crimes and didn't stop the crimes. because the french. the lawyers know that officials did know what was going on and not just because the reports of torture leaking to the outside world is such. that you know. well having themselves been imprisoned by the regime alberni for five years darwish for three and
a half. in two thousand and two germany adopted the code of crimes against international law meaning they can now try crimes against humanity war crimes and genocide in germany even if they were committed elsewhere in accordance with the principle of universal jurisdiction it's fairly well and still is utterly unrealistic right now i think that syria itself could take. these cases to trial that can see the principle enables any state in the world to assume jurisdiction and investigate these crimes. all you. want to off topic and attention in germany for example and also prosecute the perpetrator should they enter the country. despite them having no connection to germany despite the crime having been committed in syria and then probably being a syrian national that is the background to the principle of universal jurisdiction . and while bunny is
reluctant to take time out from his work he does make exceptions for journalists due to the public city factor something you learn from decades of cases in damascus representing those persecuted for political reasons his commitment to human rights and freedom of expression would not have been possible without the involvement of journalists from outside syria and also afforded him protection but after syria signed an international convention against torture in two thousand and four how bernie was deemed too dangerous for the regime. we hope it's will be side to do something we know. many. international agreement in good in. just so we'd like to use this agreement to say stop torture in syria in fact there is that we have to do it because i speak. about.
the asian places here. one year after his release in twenty eleven his friend and fellow activist high little mark two chris had ducted the figure of all thora t. in the syrian legal world to this day nobody has seen or heard from him since. feels it is his duty to continue their common struggle for justice and the key issue here and the jails run by the intelligence agencies. everybody from himself from the stories of the day she needs who are used or their parents. that the detention in the jail or in the station. but they didn't spoke about because afraid they didn't spoke loudly or public the more secret weapon of sicily seeing to put the people in fields in here
or just feel to head up a. few. is still the secret weapon it was a petition. to make the people silent. marzan darwish also has a photo of missing lawyer high little mark to con his war longside photos of friends and colleagues who have likewise disappeared darwish is a lawyer and activist for the syrian center for media and freedom of expression. darwish founded the center in damascus in two thousand and four when it was raided for a third time in twenty twelve the air force intelligence service arrested fourteen staff including darwish and his wife here are. after being the last to be released in twenty fifteen if you like to berlin since then he has been continuing to
struggle to ensure a democratic and peaceful syria. especially the north. face of the scandal for. torture the bad condition. certainly is who feel that they. ignored nobody care about their suffering. and really if we don't find them. just as a solution for those people of them just there's no justice on the. human right it's. that it's not that fate so we push them to go to the. thought. that i was asian life or isis.
human rights organizations estimate that well over one hundred thousand people in syria are in captivity or have disappeared eighty percent of them following government orders. many families in syria have somebody who is missing where they detained or disappeared. masson darwish and here are badia determined to ensure that these people are not forgotten they launched a global search for witnesses from syria into efforts to file criminal charges. the united nations have proved to be a singular disappointment for seven years the body has been observing events in syria starting with the revolution and its violent suppression of the un human rights council set up a commission of inquiry which is since compiled thousands of documents on crimes
against humanity in syria but no action has been taken darwish in by ten what is now its fourteenth session one can this we cannot allow impunity and if impunity prevails in syria work crimes and crimes against humanity will become legal everywhere how the morgan one hundred without legal review the terrorist continue to as. well what that is why justice is so important to us number does mean that. the human rights activists want to be heard before the united nations as a voice of syria's civilian population as a voice committed soley to human rights not compromised by overriding political interests. we continue to strongly support the mandate of the commission of inquiry and welcome its critical work in investigating agree just human rights violations and
abuses as well as violations of international humanitarian law of which the syrian government remains the primary perpetrator but widespread practice of enforced disappearances torture and execution by the regime reinforces the need for a transition to a government that can protect the rights of all cereals demands consistently dismissed by the syrian government and backed up by russia in that election the election commission bases its work on statements from anonymous witnesses which is not credible that uses reports from dubious sources who are and from governments hostile to syria as the commission is not trustworthy jamelia. you're not the commissioner makes no mention of the war crimes that were committed with weapons from the united states with. the human rights activists are determined to prevent the politicians having the only opinion on events in their country your idea of the young woman arrested by the syrian regime
on terrorism charges presents her central demand. that what many out there know just as a democratic transition and accountability we cannot proceed without official recognition of the crimes committed without compensation for the victims as part of an investigation by a transitional justice higher than the family law that will end. when it's the turn of nongovernmental organizations to speak at the end of the commission meeting most journalists are no longer listening. all eyes ears and cameras on this day or on carla del ponte to the syrian commission's most determined special investigator resigned because even in the seventh year of the investigation there is still no criminal court for syria on behalf of the international community she has documented the most serious human rights violations to no avail. i resign to
put an end to my frustration as a former prosecutor after more than five years active in the commission we we could not up train from the international community and from the security council it is a little short. in plays a trade deal or a tribunal or dock for the bar or the crimes of that that komi did in syria and we are in that seven year of the commission of crimes severe crimes against humanity including genocide and war crimes can be tried in the international criminal court in the hague one hundred twenty four countries have recognized it's all thora to but syria is not among them which is why the hague is not an option here the last resort would be for the security council to have the case referred to a special tribunal on syria. but so far attempts have been vetoed by russia and china. carla del ponte research she did not want to be an alibi for
inaction by the international community. so excited to see that right now i don't see a way out. i don't see the political will to achieve justice that he's got to get other. by and i still imagine that the high official is political and military leaders might one day appear in court. but if it is a little bit careful gets a whole lot i have to admit it's only a small unfortunately and health. and human rights violations documented in syria are appalling. you shall know your father i have come across new methods of torture i had never heard of before in that forty year old foot i live in and most importantly. other torch it
involves keeping people alive for as long as possibly before they die. and that is unbelievable this is gladly meanwhile the syrian human rights activists refused to give up on their course. and now that tomorrow there is nothing to change we will not get her to model a huge result but this is a process we should keep fighting keep throwing to achieve something sexy and this isn't what apart from the justice for all it is to take time need a lot of the fort and war last time what on earth to keep the voice of the victim the voice of her family is the listen here in the united nation over. a beer fart hoot and holler at her our us new things could get dangerous when one
thousand sided to join the attempted revolution in twenty eleven anyone talking of freedom and democracy risked jail but the artist and her future husband refused to be intimidated the resistance to the regime bolstered their confidence when state security forces began shooting of the demonstrators they considered alternative forms of protest the would not make them direct targets. was like i don't know more than hundred a lot of number of people and they would they work freedom. democracy and we just threw a lot of number of balls from the streets the same see the cars were on and this was to keep going down until it nearby the house that shirt. i love him and it was so beautiful and another one that with the red thing it was like a love that in the lakes we have a lot of fountains in the mosques in a lot of squares and the color that this water would read the same time we were we
were like coloring the sport and there were like hundreds of people killed in homes and. it was protests likely that led them to being added to the intelligence agencies wanted list before the first year of the revolution was over agents tracked down khalid and a beer and took them to branch to one five. years old. when it comes to the issue of human rights violations for syrian community in berlin rallies together they include torture survivors and families who do not know where their loved ones are or whether they are even alive. the organizers of this meeting in berlin also invited kathleen mushy head of the un's new investigation on
serious war crimes in syria established despite fierce resistance from russia he said of just gathering documents she has been tasked with preparing court proceedings despite the absence of a syria tribunals the former french challenge praises the efforts of the syrian lawyers and is frank in her criticism of the international community's failures it is a civil society not the origin neither the prosecutors are the judges who are taking the lead in the civil society that decides that report is enough and now we need action to disallow action they convince very courageous and. and very professional prosecutors that they have cases for muslim darwish mushy or elles independent status is. the witnesses are afraid of becoming victims of revenge again once the regime has regained complete control you know is that is why we need a neutral institution affiliated to the u.n.
so that the witnesses feel comfortable testifying and do not have to be silent on what happened. or why them and. june the twenty ninth twenty seventeen and historic day in cannes were home to germany supremum court. manson darwish gave testimony to germany's attorney general it was the first time the journalist was able to speak before judicial officials without fearing his statements could land him in prison. yeah it's really that is the look of. the most and what happens in their world that it sounds send them a message. that has no more impunity then just as it's possible even for the syrian of that order what happened. when these for the sliver as a human being we don't accept this kind of war crime was
a crime against them in the city humility and say no this is what the what a problem for a lot of. muslim darwish was questioned by the german state attorneys over the course of two days he testified on his own three year imprisonment and how he was tortured daily for an entire year you also reported about friends in the same prison who did not survive the ordeal i am a trainee dentist was tortured to death and there are photos of girls whose body and those of over six thousand others. all a syrian military photographer had to take pictures of those tortured to death after over two years he could no longer stomach it and deserted subsequently smuggling his photos out of the country he has code named caesar for his own protection his pictures catalogue the systematic human rights crimes by the regime
in damascus. on this particular day darwish was interviewed for twelve hours with many traumatic memories resurfacing. of. the german attorney general was unusually candid in his assessment of the photos taken by caesar documenting the murderous torture he sees that the scenes are files testified to thousands of ordeals. thousand hours ins of desecrated bodies mention we have subjected the files to a legal and forensic examination. we want to clarify why these people had to die. these and more investigations also have the aim of your terminating who the originator is about all fish who is responsible for these people having to die in such conditions and. in these and we believe that this user
files are authentic. and interest and it's and. france has also opened investigations into the responsible parties from the syrian regime. five years ago the life of. change radically the french syrian and his wife stopped going down singing and playing bridge and going out to meet friends. they had received a phone call from a beta sister in law in damascus the syrian air force intelligence service had conducted a nighttime raid on her home in the upscale embassy district first taking away her son patrick. the next day they picked up obeyed his brother. a french teacher a fellow prisoner released shortly afterwards told him what he saw.
they had to stand with their heads against the wall for twelve hours. was in had taken off his slippers. then in the afternoon they brought patrick in. they were forbidden to speak he. whispered dad no problem i'm fine. you know his father asked were you tortured. no no i'm all right but he wanted to reassure his father but after what the witness told us we did have the impression that they had tortured the boy. then they were separated again. then was led into a cell and his last words we knew were let me out of here i'm suffocating that was it the last sign of life. blood. durbar decided to take action using contacts in syria proved a hopeless undertaking he then addressed the french president the foreign minister
and other senior officials his brother and nephew like himself are french citizens the bar received polite and sympathetic responses from the palace. that you're off on the door of i would write to me. as well but nothing else happened at all it was not immediately but then french t.v. picked up on the story the international federation for human rights intended to refer the case to the french judiciary. then filed charges in paris concerning inforced disappearance with lawyer backed out now finally state prosecutors launched proceedings. with the assad regime providing zero information on the whereabouts of the brother and nephew witness testimony is vital claim aspect tard contacted human rights organizations to find people who had been in the
same prison at the same time. bill forat is in syria denied all accusations of kidnapping. and while bruni in berlin informed her that there was one witness in germany he had likewise been in the prison run by the air force intelligence service of the. law and according to al gore named on the witness was able to provide detailed testimony. which officers served their. how interrogations were conducted. and how the general conditions where there are. women never forget well. you know. the fact that a dictatorial regime makes people disappear and provides no information for the family is a form of terror it is political terror that is used deliberately it's an organized
set up the fact that obeyed and the whole family are in the dark about the fate of patrick and mars then is the decision of the bash al asad regime and that's what we're trying to say it's organized and it's sad that. there are orders involved. to say it was he planned it this way. the next day and while goony arrives in paris as does the witness from germany who did not wish to be filmed because he still has relatives living in syria. revealing his identity would put them at risk of reprisals potentially fatal from the regime . that fear also complicates the work of investigators in europe across the continent there are witnesses of victims and also perpetrators who have defected origins in paris only have access to the witness from germany because the syrian
lawyer was able to gain his confidence. and while goony intends to testify himself before french investigators another including of hope for a beta. as in germany the aim is to see international arrest warrants issued against the heads of syrian intelligence a warning shot to those responsible. if they arrested while crossing an international border they could then face trial a move also intended to discourage the perpetrators from committing further acts of violence. for four years now abated the bar has been waiting for a sign of life from his brother and nephew. has
found a job as a mechanical engineer in the german port city of which will be the small family's new home. his daughter years mina has never set foot in syria her parents' home land. i've moved more than eight times in the last five years. yeah but there's no place like home or shop at this. hope to go back soon my. we ask him what home means to him. i don't have a clear answer on that. one for me our home is where i am. and where i find my goal or mine field and.
the outbreak of the revolution meant to dream come true for a beer she was a joy to see syrians daring to go out onto the streets and peacefully stand up for their rights what is since happened there however she finds extremely distressing. have become a civil war and the media. have also to become that isis that that no one ever talked about the regime and this is really hurt us because there is a lot of people in. killed in a lot of people being tortured because the now president you know. so well. more a seriously. and while bernie wants to hear the testimony of additional witnesses in norway his only
option is to travel from one country to the next to prepare for the case until perhaps there is after all an international tribunal on syria. has alberni waits to meet a witness he receives a devastating phone call. the caller tells him of rumors that his old friend and colleague has died in captivity they had been no news of him for five years the rumors are unconfirmed but the call is deeply upsetting for everyone who knew him. sad news for us anyway when. the others. he was arrested and. they exist knew all it's moved a lot of worship of all that has been more you know for.
me meets the witness in his hotel her son was twenty two when he was arrested by syrian military intelligence the young man now wants to submit a detailed account of his ordeal the lawyer looks for evidence that corroborates reports from other witnesses before combining the individual statements to form a broader picture. of what a sign was crowded into a four by four meters cell with one hundred ten other people they were stripped and forced to stand all day long they were allowed to go to the toilet once a day and had to sleep on top of each other. all they were given to eat was bread and dirty water many suffocated others died of starvation or because their wounds from torture were left untreated.
it's been six months since a beer and khaled filed criminal charges with german prosecutors with the help of anwar alberni the case has set a precedent being the first example of war crimes and human rights violations being investigated while the conflict in question is still ongoing actually this conflict is parts i think of from people from ocean actions that justice is one or like they say the main part of their version that was started because i love and they and we just want to continue we are not going to surrender about like everything but. it's a message to the people the people that bring it to the family that have the axon has been killed in torture it's it's it's worth it for the people that's told a prisoner. that we are thinking about it and we are doing something that is
if you like. you know not in only like talking or only like happened over port or whatever we are we are trying to do actually on. the day on which and what i'll do need delivers his testimony to the german attorney general in cannes were is perhaps one of the most important in his life. i think we start the girls from that. was that yes i am. excited because it's my duty. to help just. to find. some. hope. so that syrian future and while bernie will be naming the officials overseeing the torture and the senior intelligence service
officers who have been committing serious human rights violations with complete impunity the most senior is alie man look head of all four intelligence services and twenty twelve he was appointed director of the national security bureau. left ten a general rafi check how de head of military intelligence until twenty fifteen and considered a close adviser to us sat on strategic a series. his successor mohamed is also among the accused gen mohammed was the head of the notorious torture center branch two three five. head of the air force intelligence service is considered the most brutal official likewise stands accused of involvement in the violent suppression of the civilian population and german prosecutor has two objectives. and it's the most inversely use of those people who are parties to these crimes by for those who were
responsible for torture initially and work rhymes and crimes against humanity is the kind of we want them to know that germany is not a safe haven in a bush and to the victims of this we also want to give them a clear message that they're being taken seriously our aim is to investigate the suffering they were subjected to and also to look at the perpetrators have provided they're here in germany or europe and make them accountable and a fun for them sort of. thatte is the hope for these syrians the hope for justice and a life in freedom. besides how we can continue getting to that stuff and just comes here. for the source so i think it's very important the justice of countable attempts
shrub's justice. here including myself to forty kids i hope for the truth of the really good close a happy life shared it with my children i hope the source my children a little children will become a friend actually. dreams of a lesson and really i. think that. i would not leave this night. without it. i would not leave my aaa suffering like i. said. i try maybe i succeed if you're not but i must find. inputs folk of mine i think of my daughter. and so i wanted to feel comfortable in the future when she might ask me for this what did you do back it has to come out on the fourth i want to be able to
send an unambiguous message to my daughter now faced with i'm that we did do something my daughter shaken the soviets must have been. why would act and i will live as a person has a right and no one has the right to take my word for me this is why i want my daughter to see fit to see me not pm. labeled. or. follow me with a phone bill and leave. without thinking and age i will trust this the life the womb let my daughter know that she can do anything she wants if it's the right thing to do.
i'm incredibly and i want to find out what turns this many evil town world heritage status is it's in the famous just feel insurance and be looking at what else you can experience here in the run up to christmas. next to the. eagle at. the bombing a great opportunity for the women of gambia. but also us against threats and.
we know that if we continue cutting the roots of the mangroves now come a time when there are no more oysters to harvest and initiative is teaching the with a sustainable alternative. eco africa in thirty minutes on the. continent is reinventing itself. as africa's tech scene discovers its true potential. inventors entrepreneurs and high tech professionals talk about their visions successes and day to day business the difference. it's because history in the everyone stops. says the mathematician. i was trying to.
digital africa starts december twelfth on w. former u.s. president george h.w. bush has died at age ninety four on friday evening according to a family announcement bush sr had steered the united states through the end of the cold war and played a key role in the reunification of germany pushing for a democratic post cold war europe. thousands protested on friday against the g twenty summit taking place and when a cyrus security forces had locked down the argentine capital for the march preventing demonstrators getting near the convention center where the two day conference is being held the government said twenty five thousand police were on hand in case violence broke out. you call it an act of ukraine's president petro
poroshenko says all military aged russian men are banned from entering the country and in an interview with a british broadcaster he has again showed evidence of what he claims are russian military tanks and massing along his country's border this comes as the long simmering conflict between the two nations escalated in the black sea on sunday. a magnitude seven point zero earthquake shook the u.s. state of alaska and destroyed roads and buildings there have been no reports of casualties the epicenter was just twelve kilometers north of the city of anchorage officials have cancelled that tsunami warning that was generated automatically after the quake. wouldn't have been fighting for the case to be taken seriously in the world of what appears this coming out. on t w. the female superhero comics some smart women smart talks smart station the legend goes and
my destination a town that's over one thousand years old. i'm in korea then book and i want to find out what earth this mediæval tell world heritage status will be visiting the famous cathedral and treasury and be looking at what else you can experience here in the run up to christmas. course we also show you what you can experience in the hot smell nice in winter. a peruvian shows us the sights of her home telling lima. and we have saved your video of a tour of japan. has
been a unesco world heritage site since one thousand nine hundred ninety four no other german town has so many will preserved half timbered buildings i'm meeting arial experts on the subject a local to a guy and they could read in book is a world heritage site why is that fact that fox likely causes that these people have. timid house was built over many centuries it's never been destroyed back i just traffic was written book has an architectural heritage stretching back four thousand years which you can still see today and. you had the most striking thing is the pointed beam ends normally and designs with exposed to beam and they round it to allow the water teacher of. the thirty years war left a lot of destruction in its wake all over northern europe north or open and there
was a building boom here on a really major scale because as i said only individual buildings were destroyed not entire districts but those houses were rebuilt with simply decorative carvings that's where the pointer beam ends come from the bits are they just easier to cut than around and surface on. and that innovation was only introduced here the idea didn't spread among other carpenters in the country and other places didn't they didn't like it so it's a unique characteristic. are all beautiful buildings but they all look a bit crooked why is that they have. the carpenters didn't build them crooked originally but the ground used to be seabed so there's lots of sand and sandstone. and have to move houses don't really have foundations just sandstone blocks set on sand so the building shift in one direction the ground in another the wood used to
make the houses was freshly cut and it was under the strain you often see dogs and entryways that are about a vertical beam sink down that forces the other wood in the house to corpus well. the fact that was largely spared from devastation even during the second world war is only one reason for the unique state of the town. the violence of the troops out some songs of the war we were in the soviet occupation so the resulting poverty kind of froze the towns in dish and you see that preservation in other parts of the world too i think if there's no money to change things they stay as they are and that's why we take to the town's condition. i mean this is something you have to see when you come to get involved with the organ i stand about isn't a sense the original version of the heart i'm building dating back to the
fourteenth century understand never went back then the studs ran continuously from the joists to the eaves. the ceiling of the room had been that was secured with wooden shims and it's still in excellent condition even though it was built in what was he six years of to one thousand six hundred thirty it would be hard to find a half to that house much older than that because it's a really interesting building. as you can see everything's gearing up for winter and the holiday season the hearts mountains also have a lot to offer for outdoor enthusiasts this time of the year winter sports and. beautiful scenery. if you're an early riser with
a bit of luck you might catch sunrise over the hops mountains from their highest peak the brook one thousand one hundred forty one meters up. for the meteorologist at the weather station here it's a nonstop natural spectacle even on by two the cold mornings like this one. is funny told me often it was gorgeousness morning you boy the air was very clear the trees covered in ice and it was like a toy in the sun rises everything is bathed in pink single with the snow it's now minus twenty two degrees celsius it really crushes under your boots has a lovely winter morning.
published one exist fantastic visibility but would not see if you can see one hundred seventy kilometers all the way to hess and it has been shown you can also clearly see the bustle cokers would not and therefore not him signify it's a reason appearing in forest could be more beautiful than. when the weather's like this how about a romantic train journey to the stumps. the rail service serving the hots national park runs nine trains a day during the winter time. but many visitors prefer to do the journey uphill on foot.
ever since the early one nine hundred ninety s. been on smith has been climbing the broken nearly every day. this couple are already on their way down bennell tells them how when the weather's nice he has to go out he's an optimist rain or shine he hits the trail they have it all begin to winter is just starting here most of this year doesn't really get going until february or march which is when we get snow drifts around to five meters deep but it lets in the last few years we'll take it off but i hope this winter will be a good one thousand nine hundred ninety eight thousand the time was in october to ensure a one official said so that was something. for dr regina not goal i actually wanted to start only coming out every second day but i can't resist a mountain. the broken is popular with hikers and daytrippers but winter sports fans prefer the second highest peak in the hearts of the form back.
because there's often not enough natural snow in the region ski lift operators have to lend a helping hand. if you're listening to them and they have to make a lot of self-hate of us with the work itself is a really murderous lot especially when you do it about it would you not during the day at them snowed quite a bit not so the mix was really excellent primo that's a huge amount of work to building up a good base over such a large area to try and offer some bonus. but it's worth it and with a little luck if the weather place bold visitors can revel in another stunning win today in the hearts mountains. the history of friedland book goes back to the tenth century and also the first established a last resting place here for his father he had a church built on. the silk and a convent. became a pledge to knit a seat of power visited by i'm presenting and to town accumulated quite
a bit of wealth the middle ages. pastor a pistol costumes takes me to the treasury here you can find the cathedrals famous collection of artifacts which was lost for forty years. but what is actually in the treasury. stephen is mostly made up of liturgical objects objects made in the middle ages that in the field of function in the church. during services for example are things that were perhaps used display normal aerated during mass and given that it will and today the treasures are displayed in a cabinet seen for viewing purposes only in the google this is the treasure is comprised of a range of smaller and larger items is there perhaps one thing that stands out companies on both that really because even some of the smaller objects have a great history lesson that was abusive to the most important items are made from
very different things that have been put together. as it still is and so much the samwell gospel for example isn't a limited work and that later received the cover of gold the hudspeth and good and i'm glad that cover also had materials worked into it and dignified than it will and used to give money. away to toil and. in the year when a book like this has a history of stretching back hundreds of years it was a long time in the making doesn't it makes every object in the cathedral treasury a work with its own unique and exciting story. the stigma. in all things in the sixty. five is the treasure disappeared from creating book for a while where was it. this was a visit funnily enough the treasures here have a knack for being stolen which i started during the reformation. back then the abbot sent the treasurer off to relatives for safe keeping the food today because she was worried that it would be taken away after the monastery had come down on
the side of the protestants a bit later wholly and had a treasure taken elsewhere fortunately it was then brought back and that's it was it was the most recent stories from the period after the second world war that went quickly mary was occupied by the americans significant portions of the treasure were sent back home to the us i think they were stolen and disappeared to housing to seek bones and get all clones and the whole is a distinct forms and. becomes who discovered it in the us and brought it back here yeah i was given to do it when the treasurer of such significance is stolen one that's also well documented and there are always people keeping an eye out to see if it pops up again somewhere. one day one of the missing items appeared on the market which came to the attention of people who hadn't any case suspected it could be in the us the only was a hundred photos that's could be in this news in terms of make some google and they started trying to track it down there. and they ended in one nine hundred eighty s.
they managed to find the treasure that had been stolen food and the items were returned to germany at the start of the one nine hundred ninety s. and from ten months ago to the time so we can come to. another little recommendation once you've visited the church and the cathedral treasurer check out this terrorist afterwards. as you know we visit viewers all over the world and they show us the sights of their home towns this time we joined lima the capital of peru it was founded in. the sixteenth century by spanish colonists so it's not quite as old as queer then walk but the old town of lima is also a you missed school world heritage sites. i love. welcome to lima it's a beautiful day and i'd like to show you around my city my. best i got to start
a center of lima in the past on my your that the city's most important buildings can be found healthy and like the battle of the government palace. and the town whole this is where lima was founded in fifteenth and she finally it's also withdrew declared itself independent of spain in eighteen twenty one nothing about that so now we're right in front of the government palace every day here you can see the changing of the guard it's a big attraction yes that's and that is because. thanks to. the military and there's been a clearing in this world heritage site because of the new high school buildings with a beautiful balcony is going to be. over some of the this is one of the most beautiful buildings and. it may be the church of san francisco and we're going to see it's known for its catacombs. i mean they
want it bad today it's so many picture it was. i mean i would have to believe it is the only south american capital that lies directly on the coast and when one of my favorite places is the prominent it connects the center to other districts of the city i learned also emanuel's love to come here with their families and to get a workout that we never had that much of a. concept in the exception some of this is a typical sky here it's always great but never rains that's why it's called the great city they say it's a kind of a don't play with. if you come to peru you're sure to want to take home a souvenir this is an ink a market that sells had to make crafts and there are many different cultures and
through most of them indigenous let's see what we can all have to. look them up on here you'll find stuff mostly made a full blown by yes and might. never get to the bridge of some of these people crossing it for the first time i suppose to hold their breath for a second and make a wish from there was the bridge takes you just say to hell but i'm closer than i thought district. i said the one time for a delicious purpose our cruise national drink it's made of brandy
a sugar syrup line. right and a shot of history at that but i don't believe i'm the bad guy do. you know that i wanted to ends here on a central square and that on kos i have enjoyed it and that you'll come and visit us one day in lima even when i said that. it's high season in tribute to the book during it that's been weekend like this one and it's really the perfect place to get into the holiday mood. of course there's also a christmas market here and it's doing very good business. let's see what brought
other visitors here. comes the book i like the mushy is always a nice asian letter just flails it's with bill shorten vents it has a special chalmers wilson you look at the crooked buildings and then think of the people who live in them horizontally than the it's fantastic. why did you come all the way from florida to quit living book i actually been living in germany for two years now but this is my fifty sixth christmas market that i visited in germany so i'm quite a fan of german christmas markets it's good to see again there are these new federal stands on all the old buildings and it's beautiful. green book has much more to offer than only mediæval sites and handicrafts the line of finding a gallery for example finding was a bow horse artist but his art was labeled degenerate by the nazis so he subsequently returned to his birthplace new york city but he left some of his arts to a friend here and quit the book. this
gallery has a public collection that contains over a thousand words representing every phase in the career of vinyl finding it. from us we tried to provide at least one or two reference works for everything that was in our ornaments finding and work together for the. washington sibling does these include of course to his important what cuts in the darkness or such as his baltic sea motif function motif coastal motifs landscapes ratify mar his village churches golf creations. and they can be discovered in all their glory here in the gallery alongside some of finding his very earliest works we have a close friend of the artist the thanks for having brought them here to the house mountains. to. talk to him and proved. she took to hammond studied architecture at the school in the one nine hundred thirty s.
and. when the nazis seized power fighting it was viewed as a degenerate just talk to document shit that his works was saved from the nazis just long since one thousand nine hundred sixty those works have been the foundation of the finding a gallery collection few visitors can also see personal objects once important to the artist including toys he carved for his children. and this album containing sketches majoring of a cation by the baltic the galleria structure provides a very private beautiful well know not just who love the more than anything to discover the world around him on his bicycle. and must steering the creatures seesmic read the book he is the so-called living advent calendar from the first to the twenty fourth of december a crowd of curious people gather by a different half to birdhouse every day he gets
a stand in spite. claims she was touched. then everyone is treated to a short story from the city's history in this case about the juice of a night watchman. and finally there's a season the reward for the children to help shorten the wait until christmas. for. now it's time for all week leave your a video we're happy to receive the footage of your travels this video was submitted by swe phone from singapore it's a record of his trip to japan taken in tokyo kyoto and the island of nias jima.
we want to know your favorite place to go on vacation send us your videos you can upload them at d.f.w. dot com slash travel. another tradition in the run up to christmas in feedly book is the advent in the core jobs a number of poor jobs that are not normally accessible to the public open up on the
weekends. basically that sensitivity of a fly you know i didn't have that action. and of course i also need to get some christmas presents and i hope to find something here maybe even made by myself just as a list of atlanta. things are hunting up as i prepare to blow a christmas tree bauble. now that would be a very special present particularly given the physical effort i've invested and having put my life on the line. i'm so excited it was although you're going back. now i need something else typical for the region. has its own mustard factory hot and spicy sweet and fruity or was purchased mustard
in all manner. right he's sixty and told one featuring horseradish is based on a one thousand year old recipe. book that. i give to satisfy. hopefully my mom will like one of these delicious souvenirs of friedland book. mission accomplished i saw the cathedral treasury understood the world heritage status and even found a christmas present my visit to quicken a book was like a journey through time although the city is over one thousand years old many monuments have been preserved fortunately for visitors like me.
equal access free come close to finding a great opportunity for the women of gambia. in europe but also a severe threat to the market. we know that if we continue cutting the roots of the mangroves they'll come a time when there are no more oysters to harvest and initiative is teaching the with a sustainable alternative. to africa next. china is conquering the tomato market knowledge local business. huge companies sell the country spoke for the mom. to miss out in chile's famous
subscribe to a documentary on the tube. hello welcome to include africa today's program features several examples of how the efforts of even a few individuals can improve the lives of many i'm now outside in lagos nigeria small acts can make a big difference this week we will see how a combination of innovations and tradition might be the way to move forward into the future here's a look at what's coming up on the show today. we will see how you colossal go
farming methods are turning a small island in kenya when again. and how activists are going to put an end to whaling in iceland you you will also meet the young volunteers who are cleaning up here to cook beaches in south africa. perma culture in kenya are you familiar with the system of agriculture known as chemical china it's a philosophy of working with rather than against nature here in africa the principles of chemical joe i experiencing something of a resurgence farmers and conservationists in cameroon kenya malawi south africa and elsewhere helping to breathe new life into depleted soils eco team paid a visit to confront governor island in lake victoria to see the philosophy in
practice. in the waters of the canyon island over in lake victoria sundance until latvians talks about he depleted due to overfishing many of the island's fishermen have boosting their income with farming as a result there's been widespread different situation. but it's too. a popular tourist destination. island com is a luxury lodge that draws many visitors on safari holy days. most is now a club that walks in its panel culture garden where i'm natural growing system sustains a continuous cycle of good repute we keep warm here. local farmers are keen to see how it walks the ones go to walk in this compost heap it's helping time into valuable knowledge. we have thought there was. no one really
overwhelmed you if i missed something because of water i think the farm spread to the prime i thought i'd like. daniel all the ambo is a farmer and has been using old gunny for to like the for a while and he no longer adequate living from fishing so he and his family grows tomatoes and cabbage to hotel and this is a very large is one of the a customers it's a win win situation. for the market i am curious to hear both how much to make and if you didn't get one for them the trick and since they came into being we've got to come out here to the from the country to farming them or the walking in the woods looking. the family relies on the additional income it brings in is the equivalent of one hundred seventy us dollars this one is just an awful nice. enough money for my children to go to school.
but still trees have been felled to clear land for agricultural use and even was the wood is often turned into a chuckle for cooking another source of income for locals. here someone has been helping themselves to this one hundred year old tree. that explains to the farmers why it is in their own interest to leave the trees intact when the books are written or going to read markets like. a market and all that is when your mix or form he said people have other things like. this local school on the island has made a vegetable patch. the children of growing tomatoes spinach and latest which they peak and it's themselves how are you taking care of the schoolchildren are learning the basic principles of gardening having regular watering is essential of course
and it's important to protect it from growing out. how to be much gagnon. using a dry grass so that they can work right at the same principle applies to trees only strong trees can stabilize the soil and hold it in place to finally have bottle full and again the most wrecks place rather the most moss is one that wants to see the island's nature of launching again especially the trees because trees are essential come up to a riving eco system from going on shall be. a forest the children have made a start there planting mild to live trees which a native term functional and fits into the local eco system. now it's always inspiring to see how it is possible to turn that same destroyed all biran into for thailand but absolutely nothing can grow without one crucial
substance that is essential to all live here on planet earth water well considering that it is all around us in every living thing the fact that hundreds of millions of people around the globe have no access to clean water is simply shocking and that's why it's good to hear that a team of engineers in burley have developed a system that could drastically improve lives all over the world. around one point two billion people live in africa but millions in sub-saharan africa have no access to clean water. drinking and bathing in contaminated water is very dangerous. engineers in berlin developed what they call a war. the system was designed by alley al hakim and.
it desalinate filters and decontaminate water that's portable. thousands of liters of. their results is virtually free. and it's tasty. the process is powered by a solar energy system attached to each. other in operation in kenya somalia. in kenya twenty to around forty cents that's a tenth of the usual price. not only supplying clean water but also free wi-fi access and outlets to recharge smart phones. and they provide job opportunities for local residents. tell us about it. this is the website.
doing your bit. your stories. here are. our next report focuses on one with a particularly strong lobby. only whale but while there may be effectively a global ban on commercial whaling japan norway and iceland still allowed the practice activists in iceland are now fighting hard to get a whale is there to hand of the pool for good. marine biologist megan whitaker takes people whale watching off the coast of iceland a dream job for the marine biologist whittaker has spotted something a mink whale is eating its way through school a fish. with
a bit of luck the guests may even catch sight of the much larger humpback whale. in the same waters where the tourists are taking snapshots others are whale hunting. these animals they have skid like alsace nerves they can feel there's pain so there is a heartbeat that goes into the whale and explosion and then they bring these wells on board so it can take you know thirty minutes after an hour of these wild bites among painful process i slants only whaling station lies hidden at the end of a few orde far away from reykjavik. the whale catchers have captured a fin whale the second largest mammal on earth and an endangered species that is dead animal rights activists document the stripping of the forty ton whales blubber . they post photos and videos online hoping to
inspire others to act against whaling this is not a tradition here really it started with our region still in it we have we have long tradition of eating kale in iceland and growing kale so if kale not a whale. one of the whaling company owner dismisses this kind of criticism as a teenager she harpooned whales from his father's boat and eat the meat. where you need the. good bits if you only need it without any harm or drag out of us but it's been banned in all e.u. . us due to some reasons but if this sentiment is going to. over here i don't think i think iceland will be. will not be a fish being as a dependent nation in a couple of years if you're going to use that argument. that yes surveys show that a growing number of icelanders oppose whaling this demonstration is taking place
outside the parliament building in reykjavik. the government could stop the hunting at any moment instead it granted last songs well in company a permit to kill one hundred ninety one fin whales this year alone. the uncle of our finance minister is the c.e.o. for the wally company so if this doesn't scream corruption i don't know what does but we have other parties in parliament and they are against waving. the whale meat has mainly been sold to japan the only export market for it. but now the whaling company has a new business idea to make a medicinal compound for treating iron deficiency. we plan to freeze there are even meat. you get about thirty percent. of the mean that they'll be then ground down in pulp. and used as
a shipment. marine biologist macon whitaker is horrified by this type of business idea the wills are already under threat due to climate change and marine pollution she hopes that will hunting movie fans a sickness possible. that's a good reminder to us of just how important it is to put our words into actions especially when it comes to protecting our environment now we have to the more temperate waters thank you very much off the coast of west africa here in nigeria we meet some scientists who are working to turn what has been a problem to our waterways to something good paper yes they are looking and they have found a way to turn what a hyson i mean good seaweed into paper and they say this would save our trees.
nigeria spends the equivalent of one million euros every year on imported paper products. apart from this the world's forests the being destroyed and streets are cut down to extract cell is the basic rule material for making paper. sciences the nouns in top universities in southwest nigeria are doing research in order to find an alternative they really that the what's a high assonance can make a difference chemist nell integrate is leading a group of scientists at the university on the project to explore the usefulness of this water plant that covers many waterways and legs around the country. they want to produce paper from these plants usually considered a pest and a major. waterways around the area. save
time it's. dr. king i'm not. mark serious. same. resources water plants and then to absorb larger quantities of carbon dioxide than land plants and the process by which paul produced from them is far more environmentally friendly than the process of making wood pulp. the stems of the water high asons a made up of about sixty five percent of pope making five the leaves and flowers contain only twenty five percent the whole of this is laid out to dry in order to remove the water before the pulping process starts when dry the fiber is cut into pieces and then coat with sodium hydroxide you notice it make it easier to extract the fibers. the father is then rinse with fresh water to
remove the chemical residue and non-selling this matter from the plastic. the fiber is leads with hydrogen peroxide whereas wood pulp is bleached six or seven times water high acids populate the plates just twice to clear out the color compounds. the material is them blended to make a pulp larry a semi liquid mixture. and after. formation there is sides of. the pops larry is fold into red that next sheets are pulled out using a moden dekel silver it is a. business to have gotten. starts kind of just. at present just.
maint. we can use it for packaging right there on burnished craft you can see the craft is like. just the paper the words of medicine at once and why the best to. you can use it for new springs. based on the additives so increases from properties and it's as. they pass. right and people has led to knows that the ports would buy a lot of this weapon was produced and. then we use it of course we use a phrase you notice me mate and then bang would be reduced since trees take such a long time to grow experts call hyacinths the material for the future the process
is sustainable and it presents new conflict with tropical rain forest because these plants grow in water and as they grow they flow to synthesize and remove carbon from the environment the research is a top university the whole thing to scale up. i saw farming is a centuries old practice and conditions along the ganga of course line ideal for it but there comes a point when true much is true much only start so i've been negative impact on the environment and the mangroves they're good example of that they are very important as a breeding ground for small fish and also for carbon stories so on initiative it's training the oyster farmers they're three years more sustainable methods to ensure that the mangroves are better protect. the main growth forests in north western gambia are a major factor in the battle against climate change their roots store five times more carbon dioxide than other types of rain forest. wild oysters grow on
their roots harvesting them provides women with a source of income but in the past the mangroves were damaged in the process. after the shellfish are steamed in the shells opened they're ready to be sold. and there are men and women that during the four months of harvesting season i might earn up to fifty year as a day i'll pay the rent on my house for the rest of the year the school fees for my kids and i'll put some aside it doesn't run a can of oysters sells for the equivalent of about fifty cents but even though oyster farming provides women with a livelihood it's also contributed to the degradation of the mangrove forests and that's impacted the local eco system because the mangroves provide a breeding ground for fish. caught tongue is a town on gambia is west coast. fatter john is a fashion designer and an activist she campaigns for mangrove forest conservation
for the last ten years she's also organized the workshops designed to improve the lives of gambians female oyster harvesters i came to just to see how i can help them so i could improve their lives i mean the environment also because the environment is important here for us because they've been top in the mouth i think in the oysters so i believe that that has been good but on the climate change in the gambia actually one simple alteration to the harvesting system makes a huge difference if the women collect the oysters at low tide they don't need to chop off the roots. but you know when you get when you don't know we know that if we continue cutting the roots of the mangroves they'll come a time when there are no more oysters to harvest anyone who hikes the roots of the mangroves is penalized the oyster farmers are organized and have regulations to follow. the women are also starting to rely less on wild oysters
this is an improvised oyster farm. it's a project that sees oysters grown on rocks rather than mangrove roots. it takes a year for them to mature these oyster aqua cultures have improved working conditions for women from fifteen villages and the area if i mean change our we will have a city each stop us from far away on it also gives chance to the fish that lay eggs it to produce one so i want. this to tell you i miss you take a long trip by duty time to get. so and some of them have brought here before so they will have. a pregnant woman we lost a pregnant one one time. accidents are now
a thing of the past. the women have even begun planting new mangroves mongery see everything you see i planted myself now they've all grown big thanks to fact so we now know how to conserve and protect my grapes. from two john as organization is trained around a thousand women in sustainable oyster harvesting techniques their standard of living has improved and the delicate mangrove eco system is thriving. last reports of a success in the coast of south africa the beaches are known for the breathtaking beauty of people our people and the spider strict rules and regulations litter is still a major problem thankfully organizations out there that are focused on responsible management of the coastal environments like the blue flood but they would be lost
without them many volunteers that ensure their missions i will accomplish. the beach clean history will. fall off the order of a. four and a half out of five not bad. this jewett's are asking beach goers around plain birthday to write how clean the beaches are. but a visit to survey which you do ask visits is that on the beach it's got a like time gave a location so it gives exactly the location where we get in and then we just have rights from five from one to five what they think up on the beach the visibility of signage the toilets. the two young unemployed women come from nearby black townships into part of
a group of nine volunteers who care for the beaches here a local n.g.o.s employs two hundred young people in three coastal provinces on behalf of the tourism blue flag project. the stewards get nine euros a day for their efforts at all of these drugs is to ensure that their beach course as well as the municipality be accomplice to the criteria and also pass on information for the environmental education activities that be do with the beach boys as well as thanks as well as checking the beaches the blue flag program teach tabs on eco tourism boats in the area. today the stewards are on board the oceanic express which takes tourists to the seal call anemia by. you. if you don't. have. the state first seals had disappeared from the area in the eighteen hundreds as a result of uncontrolled hunting but you are successful conservation efforts more
than six thousand now populate the robert peninsula in. unusually. thank you oh well so you didn't actually from paying for the phone not counting told how the debt was deceiving you see where you stand sometimes making fish think ok i'm. back at the beach just to it's have involved local children in a clean up campaign environmental education is one of the pillars of the blue flag program and many schools participate. most of the leading collected by volunteers is plastic. the study was been conducted which showed that most of the plastic is actually locally produced a useless and the problem is that the public is not informed about the ways and that the municipality that is citing the stations it looks like the cheese they
don't support it's the waste stuff but they moved it to get. the campaign to keep the beaches clean is a never ending one of. the project to schedule to run for almost a year to this you would hope it will be extended the money combined with the satisfaction of helping to protect the environment make it a rewarding experience. now just another example of how much we can accomplish if we all do our bit thank you for joining us what is this edition of a quote i think a coproduction of channels television quesne t.v. and rush over and say you our viewers juba shorter writers and let us know what you think and say ideas as well the ideas will be showing the credits i'm now take me signing out from lagos nigeria bye bye
a murder the best way is to make the accidents raring to the bus memorandum of life to some of. the biggest the best streets. the thirteenth meeting of the g. twenty one be taking place for the first time in a south american country here in one of cyrus argentina a country struggling with an economic crisis an increased poverty rate good will the nationalists trade agenda of u.s. president all chummy chummy this encounter and will it undermined the main target set for the summit like infrastructure for development and the future of work and sustainable food today under w. news. is the h.i.v. positive. was infected at birth. live to the age of five. the program to prevent the mother to child transmission of
a child on the german aids foundation is supporting the project in mozambique give a baby a future make a donation saying what. where i come from we have to fight for a free for us and was born and raised in anytime we thank her she protests one t.v. channel and if you newspapers one official information as a journalist i have the strength of many candidates and their problems with the same point to social inequality a lack of the freedom of the press and. we can afford to stay silent when it comes to the defense of humans and seeing their microphones you can decide for their trust in us. my name is john harrison and weren't down with the.
former u.s. president george h.w. bush has died at age ninety four on friday evening according to a family announcement bush sr had steered the united states through the end of the cold war and played a key role in the reunification of germany pushing for a democratic post cold war europe. thousands protested on friday against the g twenty summit taking place and when a cyrus security forces had locked down the argentine capital for the march preventing demonstrators getting near the convention center where the two day conference is being held the government said twenty five thousand police were on hand in case violence broke out. you call it an act of aggression ukraine's president petro poroshenko says all military aged russian men are banned from
entering the country and in an interview with a british broadcaster he has again showed evidence of what he claims are russian military tanks and massing along his country's border this comes as the long simmering conflict between the two nations escalated in the black sea on sunday. a magnitude seven point zero earthquake shook the u.s. state of alaska and destroyed roads and buildings there have been no reports of casualties the epicenter was just twelve kilometers north of the city of anchorage officials have cancelled a tsunami warning that was generated automatically after the quake. her first day of school in the jungle. her first clue listen to the. band doris crane the moment arrives. join the
ring to take on her journey back to freedom. in our interactive documentary. writer jane returns home on the w. dot com orangutang. they must say that they didn't have to be shipped off way across the world so it has a low carbon footprint common base and her family are always talking about c o two emissions they want to reduce their carbon footprint they believe that to save the planet they have to start at. that coming days are going to marry or your bacon and their three daughters of calculated that just by sitting on the sofa they can do
a lot to reduce their carbon footprint by the cut we're not using any c o two at the moment we're not flying anywhere driving anywhere buying anything we're not consuming anything. but they can't spend their whole lives sitting on the sofa. it's the start of the day carrying babies and her husband have to go to work i know who's five and middle who's three have to go to kindergarten and nico who is nine is off to school. they all lead busy lives. but they're still taking part in a special experiment they're one of ninety households trying to reduce their c o two emissions over a period of one year a project conducted by the potsdam institute for climate impact research. if. that's what are you doing what's going on.
rain or shine the only form of transport possible to get to work in school is the bike. driving produces too many greenhouse gases. a bike if it's snowing or icy is it safe for the children. that's cowgirls. once the kids have been dropped off and he continues on to work he does the same in reverse in the afternoon if you took the car three and a half kilos of c o two would be produced per day. during basie's speaking with some foreign journalists about her experiences during the experiment. my husband he's rather interested
in measuring and i'm really in business i say ok we want to cut by forty percent we want to reach to climb the targets all households participating in the experiment are trying to reduce c o two emissions by forty percent compared to the german average last year. six students and of course this means making some tough decisions. kids they want to write. it's difficult. especially with consumption because for example if the kids want to take a dance class it's also measured as consumption. and of course you can say two emissions go up when my kids go dancing but it calculates of course they need to heat the gym they need to light the gym the trainers need to go with their. the family is always trying to figure out which activities they still want to participate in of course
there is no question that the girls should stop dancing the idea is to reflect on what can be done to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and making compromises. to cut. so it's harvest time it's the potatoes are ripe. and there's also some spinach carrots rocket feet root inter fit. for a lot of there are some here. and here's one you know exactly you can take them and put them in the dish tango nneka you have to be really careful you gardening is also a way of reducing the family's carbon footprint i can feel it oh i think one. look how big mining is. right now the idea is that the children develop an awareness for
the fact that food can be grown close to home. this carrot didn't have to be transported just carry it into the kitchen. they didn't have to be shipped halfway across the world so it has a low carbon footprint. and this one could go exactly. growing their own vegetables doesn't necessarily mean a significant reduction in c o two emissions. so this is the first season. ending how to cultivate an open garden because we're hoping that we'll be able to move on to a different level next year of course on the voyage from here you know exactly this is a test run. the whole experiment is a test and it's not about reducing emissions by forty percent at any cost it's also
about discovering why it's so difficult for people to reduce their carbon footprint and lead an environmentally friendly lifestyle. that he said i have on my last i'd say plus four point five kilos. as x. six kilos of potatoes it's not enough but it's a start first order of us. but the family can't avoid going shopping at least not yet they're trying to save on c o two but even if they only shop in organic stores this isn't an easy task. it is right on the window it's perfect i tend to drink water or juice but if the children want a soft drink. we're not always as consistent as we'd like to be. it's
about finding a balance. they're always trying to buy fruit and vegetables grown in germany but there's still willing to compromise at times for example when it comes to peppers from spain. is much like peppers yellow and red i like on both. sides of peppers a quite healthy there's a lot of fun in the us because we didn't eat meat we eat more vegetables in autumn and winter pepper from spain isn't ideal but it's better than putting salami on a pizza. mac i don't like the limey it's meat. for our. the whole family has become vegetarian they know that a kilo of beef means twelve kilos of c o two emissions. driving days and her husband tend to use sawyer sign time instead of meat because
their production is better for the environment. they also eat only organic food. the fewer chemicals are used the better it is for the environment. the whole family loves pizza and they used to get deliveries but that's over now. you. might. want us to fix your mother if i make pizza here there's no extra travelling a driver doesn't have to go anywhere. it's your kind of course we can decide washing gradients we use. today they're using spinach from their own garden nico suddenly thinks that maybe the oven could be a problem with regard to c o two emissions.
and over to heat up the oven we use electricity generating electricity also cause a c o two emissions so i fault. says he this is. the family uses green electricity generated from renewable energy sources such as the wind or the sun. nikkei's glad that the families carbon footprint is reduced thanks to green electricity but she realizes that it's not all up to her family and she's aware that overpopulation is also an issue. so. this is the mark people there are the more c o two is the mid it. exactly. happens that's even though the pizza did cost some c o two it tastes delicious.
sunday evening it is time for the weekly c.e.o. to calculations now they'll figure out how much c o two was emitted through their use of electricity their transport and food or narrows our climate hero she never consumes anything. she's also our youngest what's the result for the whole year likely to be. yes not bad twenty five point one eight tons is a family that challenged tons per person. and if they continue living like this they'll go beyond the forty percent goal and reduce their carbon footprint by fifty six percent this would be a great success says henry who was quite skeptical at the beginning. this is changed over the years because he has become more ambitious and try to
improve things that. we have quite a high potential for saving on emissions without restricting our quality of life drastically. with. one of our lives so i would say that i'm satisfied. with the. holidays are also part of the experiment. gary mazer calculated that it would cost less to drive to saxony to visit relatives than to take the train and of course you'll surely talk about the experiment which they're probably going to continue in their own way. i don't think you can just forget and carry on like before that wouldn't work. karriem beazer wants to live in a society where everyone tries to offset their carbon emissions as much as possible
ideally it would be a climate neutral society there's a long way to go but she and her family have made a good start. nico is in germany to learn german. published in the. why not learn with him online on the mobile and free. c w e learning course because fake. anxiously waiting waiting for a lifeline to syria. good morning where are you why don't you answer the different call brings them closer together. but it hurts because they feel powerless to help. they worry about
the ones they fled to behind. i'm trying to be strong but deep down i'm broken. the war continues to haunt those who fled from syria. and i'm trying to reach them but nobody yet says. the war on my phone our two part documentary starts december eighth on t w. i grew up in provo. in the south of france. the region is known
for the high quality of its tomatoes. one day i learned something that shocked me. look the crown jewel of french tomato sauce had been bought by a chinese investor you eat. he decided to produce tomato sauce from performance using tomatoes grown in china. you set out to conquer the set up. local partners seem delighted by the deal. but i did wonder why china had suddenly decided to compete with france and italy and china tomato sauce isn't even on the menu. i speak to here is investigating the circumstances behind this new trend.
i discovered different kinds of tomatoes genetically modified tomatoes which are still largely on for million europe. these are two labels that are very firm fruit you can drop them they won't burst. i discovered a misunderstood and fascinating industry an industry born from the success of italian destroyer mini. series and reinvented in the united states in china by a few entrepreneurs who turned it into what they call red gold. in california i met one of the leaders. this industry a multimillionaire obsessed with efficiency and success. in italy i saw workers exploited in africa pharmacies facing growing. for the past two years i've been
collecting sources juices soups concentrates peel tomatoes and catch up from around the world the story i'm going to tell you is not simply about the canned food it's a story about the sometimes absurd nature of our globalized world. it's winners. and it's losers the women and men who feed us all without ever seeing the fruits of their labor. married to discover how china produces its tomatoes i have to go on a long journey. three thousand kilometers from beijing in the west of china. to she . learned.
the province was incorporated into china in one nine hundred forty nine and was long inaccessible to foreigners. it is home to a muslim group or eagles who today are a minority. over time the region became populated by millions of han chinese the country's largest ethnic group. all at the initiative of beijing. mannion. it is a journey back in time. here many crops are still harvested by hand as was common in europe decades ago.
to say my wife and i work far from home. my native region is in the poorest areas. it's hard to find work there. moves we do very little. normal g.'s say and his wife come from the sichuan region three thousand kilometers away and the equivalent of one euro cents per kilo of tomatoes . we. now call. my wife and i collected one hundred sixty or one hundred seventy bags between us. we earn two point two renminbi per bag together my wife and i sometimes earn four hundred renminbi per day or sometimes less but the yield varies according to the fields. she receives. the f.a.q.
. that's the equivalent of about forty euros a day between the two of them. only the poorest families in china are willing to do this difficult work. for you that i know you're hardly long for us han chinese and i say this work is considered unworthy of respect but the people here do it because they have no choice over how. many come from deep in the mountains china is still a developing country and human. and a good way but way is that. these low wages also mean low production costs. i'm beginning to understand why chinese tomatoes are replacing those from france and why chinese workers are edging out european ones.
but whose idea was it that china should become a leading tomato producer china is one of the few countries where people don't eat tomatoes source it's a paradox i went to beijing in search of the mountains. in the netherlands suburb i met again with you you're the investor who bought the french look about norm brand. he's one of the main players in the chinese tomato industry locally he's known as general you this is the first time he's agreed to be interviewed before a foreign camera crew. the majority rule that you lay. you get was intuition. that your treasure studying the global tomato industry. i propose that china should become a major production base in the world should your friend you could truly option.
today china is the world's second largest tomato producer the country's market leader is the acme food giant coffee good tune playgroup. the factories assistant director takes me on a tour. five thousand tonnes of fresh tomatoes are delivered here every day. the tomatoes are then processed first the skins and seeds are removed kneading behind the pulp and juice. then the water is removed leaving behind the tomato concentrate. in these bats the tomatoes are sterilized and turned in the concentrate the red gold of this industry it takes six kilos of fresh tomatoes to
make one kilo of this paste but in this way as well since they are. now i know where my favorite tomato source comes from. within a surprisingly short amount of time china has become a super power in the tomato industry. thousands of tons of concentrate are exported from here to countries around the world. only if that is what we sell to more than one hundred thirty countries. in europe we supply the netherlands the united kingdom and russia. in asia we supply japan malaysia and indonesia and there's australia. you'll find our tomato
concentrate all over the world i mean it is it will not tell you just. hundreds of companies around the world then turn this concentrate into other tomato products. i think source products because here europe already contains. ingredients from these factory farm fields we are selling a lot of to u.k. to germany used to you are for sure we are tossed in i order you national big or any rational names high. you're going to call me and ask her exactly so or you speak james they may buy a farce. the
us company heintz is the biggest buyer of tomatoes in the world the multinational corporation is the first to have made the tomato a multi-billion dollar industry. every year heinz sells six hundred fifty million bottles of catch up in more than one hundred forty countries. i decided to pay a visit to the very beginnings of the tomato industry in the united states. according to legend it was in this modest two story house that the entrepreneur henry john heinz laid the foundations of his empire. it is the story of a billionaire who started out with nothing. the story of the heinz dynasty is the
american dream. i have a photo taken as a small souvenir. how did heinz become the world's number one catch up almost one hundred fifty years ago . henry john heinz was the first to make catch up a mass consumer product his slogan was our field is. the world. the son of german immigrants heinz sold horseradish jam meat pickles condiments and catch up. a puritan who was obsessed with hygiene heintz used
clear glass for his bottles. this pledge of transparency in quantity helped him gain the confidence of consumers. aren't as a capitalist i mean he was a he was a pure terror he was all about. money and marketing treated his people well but young who saw was he wanted to make money. in twenty thirteen the heights company was bought by warren buffett for twenty three billion dollars. it was the largest takeover in the history of the ip food industry. the arrival of the billionaire entrepreneur was not good news for heintz employees
. say the five minute walk it's the end of an era in lemington after more than one hundred years the heinz plant has sold that century old factory today hundreds of heinz employees are now out of a job. i met with some of the people who were laid off after the takeover. in leamington a town with a population of twenty eight thousand nearly one thousand people lost their jobs when the catch up giant decided to close its largest planted in north america. a year later. still a lot employed that's the twenty year service award that you got x. yes i mean that's when a order very nice was very nice wrote and then i got out of stand there but the cost is higher here at leamington no one expected that
a man whose fortune is estimated at seventy three billion dollars would close the factory couple things i've always heard was heinz will never close down people people need food and they'll never be a tornado here two thousand and ten there was a tornado in two thousand and fourteen heinz closed down so it just goes to show you that you never say never because things happen like that. i understand that they can say all they want but you know they say well and i love enough we wasted too much space it was this it was that what it comes down to is it costs them money and they don't want to pay a decent wage they want to get a third country or third world wage and it doesn't matter if you give up. your wage in half or do this for you that they're going to close so anything that they come up with and even you can go back and say well here's a here's a money saver right here to back we're going to close. the plant
produced a one hundred percent canadian tomato juice and catch up. it may sound surprising but in southern canada the climate is ideal for growing tomatoes. since one thousand nine hundred offered work for generations of local families. since acquiring heintz warren buffett has closed to five plants and cut seven thousand four hundred jobs about a quarter of the company's workforce. one factories are closing all over the world many more are opening in china. who sold the chinese the industrial techniques to make this concentrate.
that's a question i put to new year. who's that your friend in the red industry the red industry of tomato sauce italy played the role of marco polo in fact he early equipment was offered to china by the. armando gandolfi is the marco polo of the tomato industry. in palma it's only the gum dolphy family have been tomato merchants for three generations. they're one of the world's largest sellers of tomato concentrate. we started going to china because we saw it as an opportunity. that my first trip
to china was very interesting because i discovered a china that was completely different from the one we see today. this think that's what people wearing mt say till now it. was a very few cars. bicycles. short it was still an ancient china so it's made me feel a bit of a pioneer. you know. should be shot italian manufacturers supplied us with equipment from parma. holt's and they came here to provide training the twenty everything was organized by the italians. thanks to this technology transfer today china is the world's leading exporter of this thread. nearly one million tons of concentrate leave the port of
tianjin each year. one of the main destinations it's. a journey that takes weeks. in some manner thousands of tons of chinese concentrate are unloaded week in and week out. the chinese concentrate is then processed in italy. the recipe is simple. take chinese concentrate dilute it in a little water at a pinch of salt and you're done. these cans of been exported to africa the middle east and the rest of europe. this is how we end up consuming chinese tomatoes while believing they were grown under the italian sun. there's nothing italian here
except the name and the flag so is there anything illegal here no i would say basically what you're talking about is misleading the shearers so it's part of the company's response or they should all responsibility for it to try to give an image of serious or seriousness and to try not to cheat consumers by telling this looks italian is not italian. one full say amazon of spain is also one of the largest traders in tomato concentrate. each year he buys some six hundred thousand tonnes of fresh tomatoes for resale in the form of concentrate. the giants of the agro industry trust him.
one for say i'm a saga traverse the globe in search of the best tomato harvests. while the talons are supplied by china he prefers california. today tomato is a red gold today. california has been growing tomatoes for many many years and growing steadily the acreage. has consumption increased. and they have you know good technology they've got the highest sales in the world as a country as a region. and it's always a it's so it's always good to know what what's going on here.
this is the largest amount to field in the world tomatoes as far as the eye can see . california produces a third of the world's tomato sauce. in these fields nothing is picked by hand it's all harvested by machine. chris roof is the undisputed leader of the american tomato industry. his company morningstar produces nearly the same amount of tomato paste as all of china.
the production processes in his plants have been optimized and every single movement has been timed down to the last second. hundreds of trucks come and go every day each day they offload twenty thousand tons of fresh tomatoes here to start putting water traders for their say fifteen sacks. so in a coming year that's already pretty pretty much. saving fifteen seconds but truck saves the equivalent of one working day a year. i'm paranoid i think we could do a lot better. and i see more detail and so it's a lot of things to fix a lot of things improve so i don't consider we get out well. money started fission
companies very much because they have managed to reduce costs also the supply chain from the field to the trucking those finished goods for a dollar investment in a plant. to produce much what. they can produce more than six million tons of fresh tomatoes that's more than all it's only three factories it's impressive. really amazing. every hour chris rufus factory transforms more than a million kilos of tomatoes into concentrate under the supervision of only two employees as i go on with my laptop forty four days they're going to say excuse i can't i've been in this factory which has been automated to the extreme many employees have been put out of work and replaced by computers there aren't a whole factory these two seasonal girls. are going to share
a car they call an ecology and there's a major media out there live that can be like the plant managers. the world's largest tomato processing company runs with only seventy workers push it. chris ruther likes parables for him competition on the market is like playing a five set tennis match. does he play chess with another person you're there you're proving your game the competition allows you improve your game and if your current game you have more fun. that's what the competitive system is all about if it is getting to that people with better ideas better processes to expand and kindly telling those that aren't doing as well off that maybe they should do something else they vision like that is maybe they should take up golf first one of the biggest players in the tomato industry are in fierce competition the united states it's only and china. in the war over profits it
even not even the kind of go here's a seventy gram can of tomato concentrate. our machine can produce three hundred cans per minute little every day a machine can produce two containers. the first surprise greets me in the warehouse. the branding gina and the design seem strangely familiar. she's geno's chinese cousin the famous brand produced in italy which actually contains chinese tomato concentrate. to keep up with the competition chinese producers are packaging their concentrate in cans decorated with italian labels and the colors of italy. is likely that we consume chinese tomatoes far more often than we realize. one will have
a lot hunting in our main markets are in the middle east and africa issue of it all but also supply some countries in europe such as germany and sweden. media. the factory has a secret weapon in this trade war against italy one the director prefer to leave a mention. of white substance is added to the tomato sauce in large quantities. this ingredient does not appear on the label. interpreter asked the director what it is even of a doubt only are you. going on out when you hand it all i can't answer that this is a recipe i can't talk about it. in us way oh wait a month ago it. was
a porno is alright we can talk about it. when we hit him now he's additives are legitimate we filed our recipe with the chinese food inspection authority so we only add what is filed their. behavior. aid. percent of our product is tomato. the remaining twenty percent includes soybean starch and maltose are. the relative amounts very. well known that come out of pocket and have up or were you know it out on the interpreter says these aren't his questions they're mine and he doesn't have to want something that senator it's best if we don't talk about the substances that are added. according to my research some chinese concentrate contains up to fifty five percent additives. the additives are cheaper than tomatoes so this low was
production costs. the companies that purchased chinese tomato concentrate don't seem to mind the additives. despite this rather dubious practice the company has no difficulty obtaining exports difficult. only the consumer is kept in the dock. i was thing i must say is that these people. are declaring that to the buyer they're telling the buyer that we're going to put so much of this in this in this. and this is the price we don't put this this is the price is the only high price but it's pure to much of based then they add five or twenty percent fiber three percent color or whatever that it's a live the another price so the buyer knows it she's aware of it doesn't appear late. but the buyer knows it distributing companies that buy
thousands of tonnes of chinese based in cans under the their own brand in the distributors brand in africa know that the products without these things start to get. ghana in western africa has more than twenty eight million residents and a growing economy. globalization is changing eating habits here too tomatoes have become very popular. and now. don't worry mama tasty nearly making them eat jellyfish taste because it leads. me to sleep in it the secret behind delicious meals.
the local tomato market is collapsing. in recent years foreign imports of sort. so who is conquering this new market. that well it's the vendor tells us all these cans of tomato sauce come from china so there are one hundred times. i make my way to this elegant and well guarded house and find chinese tomato baron you unique and his son. general you came here a few months ago. he has a keen eye for a good opportunity. tomato consumption is soaring in west africa and his presence is part of a policy that is promoted at the highest levels of the chinese government. you need
to know what's in there she dresses exalt you with that in beijing a proposal for a new silk road is under discussion shock should the rule of the u.n. young fact she would be the beginning of the new silk road to find ghana is the end usually until goal sure won't go in the future it's certain that china will be the world's superpower in the tomato production industry there's no question culture what shall we have towards congo or trench which was our kind is there kind of. this confident talk reflects a reality africa is fast becoming the next big market for products made in china. in this market are you so there's hundreds of shops that sells tomato pickers here and the price though fifty brass at least in the markets is ninety percent chinese
factories who produce. because they have invested so much into the machine or is thing you know ways. how to do it so they will produce for anybody whether is all we have whether it's for their own word that they can sell in the african market so it's ours that the chinese producers need to find a way through to to digest their own excess soap was. gonna is in the midst of an economic transformation. china is relocating a part of its production line to take advantage of even cheaper labor here. here chinese tomato products are being processed. almost all over here you just they put too much in. there you can teach them how to do it but you can't do it for them you understand the only thing we have to do ourselves is adding these ingredients so everything else the workers have to do is
fill the water was. done then workers are paid just about a fourth of what chinese workers receive the equivalent of just one hundred euros a month this year in china as you know the global economy is not that well so you see a lot of factories shutting down moving to southeast asia we're going to. move into we're now moving to indonesia malaysia those areas where you see especially in that little pest business there you see a lot of pressure moving to africa countries. but so were the was the first to talk in this style to establish our presence was closer to the market. can chinese tomatoes are cheaper than fresh tomatoes grown in ghana. so purchasing chinese tomatoes destroys the local markets.
at five in the morning hundreds of workers head to the tomato fields of southern italy. most come from africa their journey across the mediterranean ended here. to survive they have no choice but to harvest tomatoes. muso sunni man and mohammed so lehmann came here from sudan in search of a better life. they've been living here for a few years already often working under the most difficult conditions so about it would be mediocre i met libya with other migrants landed first in sicily and found
how difficult it was to get work through what goes on up this is the only work we can do that's all when i was. illegally without a contract but it is not always off the books. the same but i love what i nail. into the earth many thousands of migrants labor in the fields. here the harvest is still done by hand. there is no room or money for machines many come from africa others come from india romania and bulgaria they are paid an average of twenty euros a day for ten to twelve hours of work under a blazing sun. while the man telling us about my god when i go to the supermarket and i look at a bottle of tomato sauce i think about all the people who buy this can or bottle have no idea what lies behind it it's you want to stop this is a form of modern day slavery we die for the harvest here can be did that cause.
in the cause of you to be going to the most terrible thing i experienced was one of the young man from my country called muhammad died while he was picking tomatoes right next to me. i mean when i get so i can say i'm going to the bomb i thought it was forty degrees celsius he had no water and was working too hard and then agreed on already i heard the cries and screams and looked up and i saw that he had fallen . and when i approached him i heard the other saying he was already dead there was nothing we could do more. in a field you can't call out an ambulance we don't have that right. right so for other people not only is he stuck.
in order also given. will be a morass red gold has become a nightmare. the bosses are trading in blood. must work on the way i think you got to internazionale the board already into giving my opinion the heads of the businesses are guilty. so are the governments. the formal or. informal up call they're all hilti of letting people work like this like slaves with no human rights. since the dream. today the layman works for various cooperatives that produce mainly for the german market. for me tomatoes now have a bitter aftertaste the taste of economic forces that concentrate profits in the
hands of a few to the detriment of many. the constant demand for profit among major to march producers has laid the groundwork for brutal labor market especially in low wage countries. global demand for tomatoes is growing by nearly three percent a year with no end in sight. if the chinese begin to consume tomato products demand will explode. a prospect that new year welcomes. say one yeah sure i believe that in five or six years of them i don't know the next generation of children who grow up eating fast food and with the rising standard of living and the pace of life in china to made up products will eventually enter the chinese market off in korea and japan the average consumption is eight to nine kilos per person and germany in the us ten imagine an average consumption of seven
sarah willis playing for the super. pac to. join her on a journey of musical discovery. my favorite is a bit of a guest with the los angeles philharmonic and when i first saw the guest solo with just this week i got very excited saying to great cost cutting a deal. done better than the end result so naughty dog. russia is becoming a hotbed of aids accompanied by a lack of information and stigmatized sanctions in some cities h.i.b. is spreading rapidly. here in several involves russia each of the epidemic has been
moving to a new face making a definitive transition from the so-called founder of all groups to the bane population h.i.b. in russia. thirty minutes d w. with different languages we fight for different things that's fine but we all stick up for freedom freedom of speech and freedom of press. giving freedom of choice global news that matters b.t.w. made for minds.
this is the news live from berlin george herbert walker bush the forty first president of the united states has died at the age of ninety four tributes pouring in from across the world for the president to lead the u.s. through the end of the cold war we'll go live to washington for more also coming up will the current u.s. president further fuel tensions at the g twenty summit in argentina donald trump cancels a meeting with putin and denies meeting with saudi arabia's crown prince will work world leaders agree on a communique expert analysis. welcome to the program former u.s. president george herbert walker bush the forty first president of the united states
has died at the age of ninety four bush served only one term from one hundred eighty nine to nine hundred ninety three overseeing an invasion of panama and u.s. involvement in the first gulf war his presidency also coincided with the crumbling of the soviet union during praise for his promotion of democracy and post cold war eastern europe here in germany bush sr will be remembered for playing a key role in reunification but an economic recession at home might lead to a dive in his popularity and he was ousted by democrat bill clinton eight years later george bush sr saw his son george w. bush become the forty third president of the us. i'm joined now by our correspondent. in washington what reactions have there been to george bush senior's death. well we've already seen reactions pouring in from across the u.s. and across the political spectrum we have the first reaction from president donald
trump in which he said having read here through his essential authenticity disarming wit and unwavering commitment to faith family and country president bush inspired generations of his fellow americans to public service to be in his words a thousand points of light illuminating the greatness hope and opportunity of america to the world and we've seen a reaction from former president obama saying that his life is a testament to the idea that public service is a noble calling president clinton saying that he is a grateful for his friendship with president bush he was a really a man who was admired broadly across the political spectrum especially after he left office and continued working in public service in the way that he did bringing attention to causes around the world often working in tandem with his fellow former presidents and what would you say were his or his greatest achievements. well he's
definitely known for his international work as you mentioned the crumbling of the soviet bloc there and sort of bringing eastern europe back into the world fold or shall we say also under his leadership the north american free trade agreement was signed of the nafta agreement being candid the u.s. and mexico which was one of the largest trade deals at the time and something that was just renegotiated under president trump he also oversaw the u.s. involvement in iraq in the first gulf war something that the u.s. preoccupation with iraq has continued really to this day both physically and politically so a lot on the international scene that is part of his legacy. just briefly he also came in for some criticism while he was president did he not absolutely well while he was mostly known for his international work it was really his domestic agenda
that brought him down as you mentioned he only served one term one of the few modern presidents has only served one term and it was because he was from a very. wealthy family and he was seen as somewhat out of touch with average americans and it was that sort of distance from the average american to him him coming from this tony in so far as america has nobility and noble family that inevitably brought him down and was the subject of much criticism during and somewhat after his presidency ok my schweder in washington thank you so much for that. donald trump's reaction to the death of george herbert walker bush came from the g. twenty summit and when i say this is entering its second and final day high on the agenda is the ongoing trade dispute between the united states and china other topics include the killing of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi and turkey and heightened tensions between russia and ukraine. and boy no sight is thousands
marched in unity showing their disapproval of the world's top brass. you want to see trends he is being held now with all the world's most powerful people is of course him and he came to oppose him because the working class are international and every country should see in light of the fight against those who came here when i got. the police kept the protests tightly controlled inside the g twenty summit however things were less choreographed german chancellor angela merkel arrived a day late missing the opening photo due to technical problems on her plane saudi arabia's prince mohammed bin salma stood alone with controversy over the saudis role in the war in yemen and the unclear if i'd murder of journalist jamal khashoggi and b.s. was offered few handshakes i one greeting stood out.
russian president vladimir putin's bright smile belied his own rejection from the group putin is in hot water over russia's seizure of ukrainian ships after a clash in the black sea europe if you like that. it's over there is a take. this is why i will show that they will roll over the sanctions against russia and. also on the agenda trade. the united states and china really is tied to her as an independent political adviser and analyst here in berlin to talk more about this about the g. twenty donald trump canceled his meeting with putin he seems to be studiously avoiding a saudi prince mohammed bin salman what does this say about the future of relations between washington and moscow and riyadh i think both leaders both foreign leaders they have experienced a volatile trump
a president who changes his mind from one day to another just a week ago so he issued a statement in strong support of the saudi crown prince which was obviously his statement and now he doesn't even want to see him same for president putin that he counseled his meeting his scheduled meeting just the day before so i think these two leaders they're still trying to make out what they can get from this relationship with the united states they have invested a lot in it and right now it seems that saudi arabia is still strong but russia u.s. relationship has been shaky over the past months and president putin would have wanted to talk to president trump but it hasn't happened. many people are watching the saudi prince mohammed bin salman who seems to be shunned to a certain extent in buenos aires by their leaders is that fair it is you being punished for the murder of your mouth i showed you the study right right or well not being given a shake of hands is not the form of punishment for what he may have done or he
seems to have done no it's true that few leaders can pretend that business as usual but the mere fact that he is allowed to travel to this gathering there were rumors off an indictment in argentina of his to be apprehended but this hasn't happened so far i'm sure he was safe to travel back to riyadh but the fact that he does have this internet the international exposure isn't really a punishment given what happened inside his country or in turkey we understand turning to to ukraine now which is one of. big crises being discussed that russian president vladimir putin met with french president a man you're not called short of a map of the courage peninsula and try to justify russia's actions do you think he has any chance of persuading the french leaders well at least he used the paper. to . illustrate the incident and not demarcate zones of influence i think that's a good sign what this shows is that he's actually at the highest level is trying to
make the case and we also don't know what exactly happened with it before these ships and the state of as of so what he's trying to do is to talk to one of the leaders of the normandy form that he will meet in the course of today he will make the case but what is important is that at the end of this summit there is some kind of a solution to this but at least he's investing his time in this ok thank you so much that was cornelius of the heart political analyst based here in britain. one of the pressing issues at the g. twenty is the rising tension between moscow and kiev martial law in ukraine a new russian missile systems in crimea president trumps some it's not a lot of mere putin's a lot has happened in less than a week since russian security services fired on an captured three small ukrainian navy vessels heading through the courage strait our correspondent nick connelly has been to mario paul the frontline port city for ukraine's fleet to investigate. and
this is it the biggest ship in ukraine's new as of sea fleet which moscow says threatens its interests in the region don't dast pass through the current straits in late september without incident adding weight to a fleet that previously consisted largely of these small patrol boats one of the ship's officers tells us that since losing crimea ukraine's as of sea coastline has been left all but defenseless. rather than it just needs to moment russia has many times more ships in this region in ukraine where the bans coast guard boats f.s.b. security service vessels or russia's black sea fleet you just can't compare record of any of the former skates on. the ships captured by russia would you to join ukraine's naval forces in mario many in no the men taken prisoner personally but sailors were not allowed to speak to us on camera most of them began their service in crimea where ukraine's navy was once based when russia annexed the peninsula the
sailors faced a choice stay put and swear allegiance to russia or abandon their homes and leave to continue serving ukraine something these men chose to do unlike many of their former comrades. marry pows the city the sailors are called on to defend home to nearly half a million people marable stands in the shadow of the front line its future depends on the ability of these huge steel plants to supply the rest of the world keeping tens of thousands of people in work but that's now under threat ukraine accuses russia of trying to suffocate the region economically using trumped up security checks to bring civilian shipping to a standstill these checks can take weeks and i've already seen many international shipping companies decide to stay clear of the as of sea altogether. one of the ports engineers takes us along the unusually quiet ke side trade was already dropping significantly before last weekend's incident since then ukrainian officials insist not
a single civilly. ship has been able to pause in or out of the as of sea from ukrainian. even though the scars of the last conflict are still all too visible here for now it seems like we're in this is the prevailing mood in america paul. so everything's all right people have got used to this kind of thing already for us this doesn't feel unusual so nothing's really changed for us so far we haven't seen any changes you know of living internees and i don't see any changes for me personally noticed is that we've got more police patrols and i'd like what they've said. just a week ago few people outside this part of europe ever heard of the sea of as of let alone. now the fate of some twenty ukrainian sailors and the port behind me has been catapulted to the top of the international agenda enough to see g. twenty meeting is cancelled and to put fresh sanctions against russia back on the table but strange as it may sound the mood here in mary paul is calmer than
ukraine's capital kiev for the past four years checkpoints in the sound of shelling have become part of people's everyday lives here with the front line just twenty kilometers down the road many people here mary paul a seemingly unwilling and unable to believe that a new escalation could be just around the corner. back on the bus the ceremonial flags preparing for the ship's birthday. with martial law in place it may be celebration these sailors will have for some time to come. sports now and match thirty match day thirteen in the bundesliga is underway with promoted hosting mid table months. dominated the first half but after sixty seven minutes it was lights who hit the back of the net. his fourth of the season to seal the way in. a blunder from dusseldorf keeper. moved up to eight in the standings.
and the reminder of the top story we're following for you tributes pouring in from around the world for george herbert walker bush the forty first president of the united states has died at the age of ninety four his son former president george w. bush has described him as a man of the highest character and the best dad a son or daughter. you're watching news from berlin and don't forget you can get all the latest news and information around the clock on our website at www dot com as for watching he'll be.