tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle December 6, 2018 1:02am-1:31am CET
to finish the cold war and start a new world order with one germany divided no more george herbert walker bush tonight remembering the last foreign policy president and the last president of america's greatest generation i bring golf in berlin this is the day. when a history books are written. they will say that george h.w. bush was a great president of the united states george herbert walker bush was america's last great soldier statesman. a twentieth century founding father and on his watch a wall fell in berlin chancellor kohl. said categorically that this historic initiative of german reunification could never ever have
succeeded without the brilliant leadership of president bush. a diplomat of unmet skill a commander in chief for middle accomplishment and a gentleman who actually created to duties of his office with dignity and honor. also coming up tonight the war in yemen talks aimed at peace are about to begin today a reminder of what is really at stake seven million children in yemen today go hungry too bad if every single evening at this only when you talk to the children themselves the cute tourny and this town how hard hitting the war and the crisis is each and every child.
but we begin the day with the forty first president of the united states george h.w. bush today the u.s. europe and the world convened inside the national cathedral in washington d.c. to bid farewell to a war veteran a politician a diplomat and a statesman as the eulogies were delivered and the faces of other former presidents and world leaders were faded in and out on television screens it became clear that the world bush had been at home in had already passed away the late president was eulogized by his son george w. bush the forty third u.s. president. in his inaugural address the forty first president of the united states said this. we cannot hope only to leave our children a bigger car a bigger bank account. we must hope to give them a sense of what it means to be a loyal friend a loving parent
a citizen who leaves his home his neighborhood and town better than he found it. what do we want the men and women who work with us to say when we are no longer there. that we are more driven to succeed than anyone around us or that we stop to ask a set child had gotten better and stayed a moment there to trade a word of friendship. what and we're going to remember you. for exactly that and much more and we're going to miss you your decency sincerity and can soul will stay with us forever. so through our tears let us know the blessings of knowing and loving you a great and noble man. the bass father of her daughter here today. and in our grief but a smile knowing that day it is hugging robin. and holding mom's hand again.
moving moving images they are. but in a talk about the history and the importance of what has happened i'm joined here at the big table by verizon he is a senior journalist from german television and i witness to the events that involved both of dole and the forty first us president mr bush it's good to see you again mr is on that need did you get the sense as well that more was being mourned today than just the the loss of one man definitely you saw these two figures bob dole and george bush and the a re present a bygone era i mean there were present in an old republican party event that was so much different from the republican party today under donald trump for example. and what about for. me for germany today was particularly poignant for for germany
americans that a few days ago that bush was one of the fathers of german reunification and that is definitely true he supported german reunification all the way not unconditionally before a greek you stressed that germany to stay with the west and especially within nato that it was his absolute precondition for the german you're in if you question and there was another condition of that. old. line the polish bordeaux would be there as the polish border for ever and only then you fully supported the idea of german unification and everybody here today and last week when he died agreed on mon thing he was a stroke of luck for germany and that is historically speaking absolutely true. and
here in germany george bush sr he's remembered as a president closely linked to the dramatic era that marked the end of the cold war and german reunification it was during his presidency that the berlin wall fell in one thousand eight hundred nine and that communist east germany and west germany were reunited after forty years of the dish. it was the moment germans had awaited for decades and while it was ronald reagan he famously called for the berlin wall to be torn down george bush sr was in office when it finally happened. hebert called the chancellor who oversaw reunification once described bush as a stroke of luck in his country's history saying that every united germany wouldn't have been possible without his help framework described as a tireless diplomat the forty first us president help soften the fronts after
decades of animosity between washington and the eastern bloc and he focally supported the idea of german reunification when other european countries were strongly opposed. on the twentieth anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall the cold and former soviet leader mikhail gorbachev came together to mark the occasion . the war could never be raised your dream our dream. of one germany. a free germany a proud germany that is the thankfully regained its rightful place among the leading nations on the earth. when news of his death broke bush diplomatic contributions to german unity were at the forefront of many people's minds. on the sidelines of a g. twenty summit in argentina german chancellor angela merkel expressed her condolences as well as an apparent sentimentality for
a different era and transatlantic relations and would call quentin's a home that cold could always rely on his ally in the white house during george h.w. bush's presidency we experienced reliability and strength in the german american relationship and we'll never forget this experience you forget. george bush legacy isn't viewed without controversy in germany many citizens were deeply opposed to his war on the gulf of all that was co financed by their government. nevertheless most will remember habitable capus as a friend and a us president who helped show what's possible when countries back together. and then as one of the german chancellor angela merkel she is with without a dealt one of those who has inherited the world that was created by helmut kohl and and george bush and other western leaders with gorbachev and with only one shot
and it's but today when we talk about her she actually is seen as holding up the torch of that most highly lateral liberal democratic world order definitely and you just heard her saying that i mean she was almost sitting standing next to donald trump and he said all the good things about george bush all the things that. trump does not represent and there was a very obvious and clear message from her and in striking is we today when we talk about the rhetoric that we that comes from berlin versus the rhetoric that comes from washington it's like night and day but if you go back to the era of george h.w. bush it's almost like doing a one eighty turn i'd like to read an excerpt to you of a speech that was delivered by the late president to the u.s. congress in september of ninety ninety because i think it's striking the phrases in
the terms that he use now of course this was the time when the first gulf war when that conflict was brewing and he said out of these troubled times a new world order can emerge a world quite different from the one that we've known a world where the rule of law supplants the rule of the jungle a world in which nations recognize the shared responsibility for freedom and justice we are now in sight of a united nation. that performs as in vision by its founders because it would in the united states i mean that is a u.s. president saying the u.n. is the place to come together and that is something that we would expect to hear uncle americal say that's a speech she would deliver more so than double joe yeah i mean obviously this was this is the legacy of george w.
bush ended by gun era when it comes to the united states of today and that marks the huge difference between the trunk and george bush era definitely and what struck me most about now listening to all the speeches in the national cathedral in washington was all about the virtues of george w. bush is that the man who was sitting there and who was not allowed to speak because of the bush family did not want him to speak there does not have that was a very clear almost unspoken message unspoken in the sense that he was not named that there was no mention of it but it was clear to everybody and that's because these were cathedral what was really meant by that you use all of the developments also in the united states the political developments in the one nine hundred ninety s. do you think george h.w.
bush and his republican party are do they carry responsibility are they partly responsible for where the republican party is today and the loss of civility in politics well as i said it's a completely different republican party today than twenty five or thirty years ago . and i mean the republican party for example was the party of free trade not anymore definitely it was a. prior to you that wanted to have international alliances that wanted to have a strong united nations and all that is not true anymore with this republican party underdone let's try him and so far all the. little few critics within the party let's mute then not speaking out against him not yet the way there has been
a criticism today in the past couple of days that we're sugarcoating the politics of george h.w. bush and his republicans that they were present when people say the seeds of the current politics of hate disunity were sold in the united states the one nine hundred eighty eight political campaign ad which became the measure of future politics of personal destruction some would say was a clue and to congress on crime most supports the death penalty for first degree murder as you can because not only opposes the death penalty he allowed first degree murders to have weekend passes from prison one was willie horton who murdered a boy in a robbery stabbing him nineteen times despite a life sentence horton received ten weekend passes from prison or fled to kidnap a young couple stabbing the man and repeatedly raping his girlfriend weekend prison passes to caucus on crime. that is considered really the standard when
the politics of distance of hate began in the united states well. i mean a privilege for your guns yet the politics of hate was always present in the united states starting in the civil war and racism was always present but not as strong as it is today and that's the difference and this loss in civility that we saw particularly the nine hundred ninety s. newt gingrich for example you and i were talking earlier some of that has spilled over into europe now we we talk about the trump train coming into europe i mean how do you see it here in germany well of course there are trance year and should take them seriously but they're not by far not as strong as they are in the united states right now and that is to make still the major difference between here and there right now and you know despite all that may be seems to have
gone wrong there is something there's a silver lining to this president bush sr reminds us that it does not have to be this way in january one thousand nine hundred three you remember this when bill clinton moved into the white house bill clinton discovered a letter in the oval office and it had been hand written by the outgoing president bush. of course that was the republican who had just been defeated by mr clinton i want to read this final passage from the letter it reads you will be our president when you read this note i wish you well i wish your family well your success is now our country's success i am rooting for you good luck. george and they became friends and they became friends and his son the former president bush today said that even in the cathedral that both of them clinton the man he defeated
became close friends to today and it's do you think there's hope for a return to political civility well let me say i keep my fingers crossed but at the time being hold my breath ok well then it's on it's always good to have you here on the show you know learn from your experience and your insights we appreciate it tonight thank you thank you very much for having me. or could the guns fall silent at least briefly in yemen talks aimed at peace between a delegation of who the rebels and representatives from yemen's government are set to begin tomorrow in sweden the negotiations brokered by the u.n. are the first aimed at ending the conflict since two thousand and sixteen. passports and tickets in hand for a journey many hypo bring pace and dedication if you see rebels waiting to pull that flight to sweden. the un special envoy martin griffiths has been instrumental
in setting up talks with the yemeni government such as to distrust between the two sites the rebels wouldn't get on the plane without him. basic guarantee is the presence of the un envoy with us on the same flight this is the only guarantee we have for going there. the evacuation of fifty wounded who is the fighters from the war zone has also helps build confidence in the talks with the conflict locked in stalemate. the here's these backed by iran control the northwest of the country including the capital sanaa which they took in twenty fifteen the government backed by saudi arabia and the u.a.e. has set up a base an agent in the south. for years of conflict have left thousands dead and created what's been described as the worst
humanitarian crisis in recent history with yemen's economy cripples more than fourteen million people many of them children and facing starvation. is a country at war as i've heard me say that this is a country of the break of catastrophe but this is not a country on the brink of catastrophe this is a country that is in a catastrophe and. the catastrophe that son falls is in full view of the whole world but one many say has been ignored the hope is the talks will result in a truce allowing food and aid to reach those who needed most. well it is a sad and surprising fact that many people in taiwan are so severely short sighted that they become blind the alarming prevalence of pathological myopia as it's
called has been known about for some years but not much seems to have been done about it was that we look at once schools attempts to tackle the problem with c. not clubs. and truck and boat race in taipei an exciting event especially if you can tell who's out in front yet many here can see about this much practically nothing. some eighty percent of taiwanese children like pinky are severely short sighted by the time they leave school take these mother only realized this when peggy was twelve years old she was constantly falling behind in class i didn't know it was. up one day she came home and couldn't read anymore what the doctor told me that peggy would need an operation if i didn't do something about it straight away that. peggy was about to go blind and tragically have father died and her mother couldn't afford laser eye surgery for
her daughter and so from their small flat peggy's mother began selling insurance policies should then so until the early hours of the morning scraping together enough money for a treatment that's become very popular in east asia night lenses. the extra thick contact lenses reshape the patient's cornea while they sleep but they're only effective if worn every night and peggy's mother has to keep buying new ones. in agencies of the one says it's expensive but the eyes of the window to the soul are two four hundred she didn't see anything then the world would be a very dark place so i thought so too i want her to have pleasant thoughts. peggy was lucky yet cases of sudden blindness as a result of short sightedness becoming ever more common in taiwan then mainly due to the immense pressure of succeeding at school in university. ross
khan was a successful i.t. manager and to just developed a new software program when he woke up one morning looked at his cell phone and couldn't see anything he had a detached retina hid ignored his short sightedness for too long con underwent twelve operations without success. since then he's been torn tile in schools as a living warning to others this principal invited him personally she wants to move away from conventional teacher led classes which can be bad for the eyes and instead going in a more playful way. the principal wants to attack the problem head on today two professors are visiting she shows him her students high marks. the professors the hair on behalf of the government analyzing study methods a high ranking official sits in the background the passing of one that we need pretty shortsightedness is now a national security problem for taiwan we're struggling to find engineers and
soldiers. and if our students can't see then in the end they can't learn anything because they're bound by that you poor people the study is unequivocal what's needed are fewer teacher led lessons more breaks and more natural light. that's all the data you and your thirty million dollars think of how and. our recent experiments with chickens and monkeys have clearly shown that regular daylight can reduce myopia in children by thirty percent a year and this is a bit and said something that he said to everyone agrees in the staff room to it's parents that are the principals biggest problem shoshone bad so you keep telling me that there are no grades for being able to see well it's exams they care about they say it's more important for their children to do well in those than it is for them to be able to see. this something that many of their parents would rather not admit
that mr khan is these children's ideal teacher a real person talking from his own experience instead of delivering a conventional lesson that you will be able. to use a very special person. here in taiwan we say he fell from the clouds into a deep valley and talked to stars all over again the children understand us and i admire him for his courage in sharing his story with us what will one pave the path . for the people here are now learning that the health of their eyes is more important than intense study and good grades. and that this sort of learning can be really fun. so most of those here in any case. well the day is nearly done the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter news or you can write directly to me. t.v. don't forget to use the hash tag the day we're going to leave you tonight we're
guardians of the amazon. to brazil's indigenous tribes the rain forest the secret their respective media their environment so protecting the forests has become an unrelenting struggle. they fight to preserve both of them actually surrounding. their own culture. on the. entire planet in forty five minutes long t.w. . i think is everything chanting first and i make a muslim. so much different culture between here and there so a challenge in court if he. leaves. to some of the same think it was worth it for me to come to germany. months ago my license to work as
a swimming instructor to show knowledge to children other dogs just random stuff just. what's your story take part sheriff on info my greenstock mr. cox. welcome to the show where today we'll be taking a closer look at the recipe behind a yummy yuletide snack is a preview of what's coming up. for the palate spicy speculators biscuits are a popular are from speciality. in the picture a museum in cologne.