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tv   Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  December 28, 2018 5:30am-6:01am CET

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and it was they knew it belonged to me. british environmental destruction starvation. government and corporate. the selling out of a country. that donkeys fear no hyenas. starts december twenty ninth on t w. welcome to this edition of africa then environmental magazine its coverage aspired to its role in germany channel's t.v.
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in one thousand and present to me in south africa i'm felicia enda speedy and i'm happy to be sharing the limelight with my colleague not hello there and hi felicia yes i'm not in lagos i mean gonna cry gonna put together some exciting environmental topics from africa and europe for you today we'll be looking at the importance of sea grasses to the oceans and how some scientists develop a to fish will soon graph but here's what else is coming up on the show. with me the young man in kenya who has gone into business as a self-employed waste because. we hunt for snakes. and this is the reptile rescue center. and we take a look at of course dog protection and solvency in nature and what it means for the future of fishermen there. are hundreds of people in the kenyan capital live from go up. in down dura where one of my obese biggest dumpsites is located we
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speakers come every day to sort through the rubbish amongst them it's twenty eight year old gardening or chair he views his work as an essential service and himself as a self-employed businessman he has specialized and can make a decent living from salvaging garbage. garbage covering an area bigger than thirty football fields just a few kilometers from the center of nairobi every day hundreds of trucks haul trash here from the city. the dump is like a big unorganized recycling center some people like god when i hear almost every day say listen you have a sore mood after. i sift through the garbage because i'm trying to earn a little money. i'm no longer on my own with the knife and i have
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a wife and child now and they're waiting for me to come home with milk or bread in the evening i can't go back empty handed. the kenyan capital produces nearly two thousand tons of trash every day. the sanitation department is overwhelmed most of the waste ends up like this in the dumps outside the city. the garbage collectors gather up food plastic paper and scrap metal some of which they sell. they can buy later least it's work there are no jobs to be had these days and a lot of young people from the streets trying to eke out a living here at the dump site if it weren't for the dumpsite these kids would probably have become thieves but they are here. at the end of the day they make about two hundred shellings each whatever. that's roughly two dollars the people here deliver raw materials they supply the city with precious metals from electronic scrap or deliver plastic to the few private recycling companies.
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after a good eight hours work brings his finds to a small courtyard to see what he can convert almost everything he's collected into money. if i sell these containers today i might get around three hundred to four hundred shillings and that's enough to feed my family today and. and tomorrow afternoon before i return home after work . income of three or four dollars a day listen over the international poverty line set by the world bank at one dollar and ninety cents where the plastic containers discarded cutlery only electric cables that can be sold to alter a fair shops in the slums there's a demand for recycled goods. and that's also true of discarded food. and feeds pigs goats and chickens with it when the animals are full grown he sells them to
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a local slaughter house. since two thousand and three the government has enacted laws intended to regulate environmentally friendly waste management. but consumers and waste producers don't seem to care at the edge of the dump a lively informal trade has sprung up and delivers what kenya's recycling industry needs goods and materials are sold by weight. even the markets in the den dora district profits from the garbage dump many reusable products can be found in the stalls people who live in the slums can buy things here that they wouldn't be able to afford new. fifty years that he was out. i get it from. when i went to town last week i found it flat. but now i've got it they're only going to pull my eye fell on that.
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closing the garbage dump would threaten the survival of many people here. but it's very apparent to us that a lot more needs to be done to combat poverty in kenya. i think those with money should open something like a resource center that could help the left those who have little or help young people facing a tough life. with senior moment vision at least that would help reduce poverty in the slum get everything needed to set up a large recycling center is right here says godwin. rule materials manpower and markets although done dora's informal recycling sector ensures an income for many the massive dump puts a huge strain on the people and the environment. in shallow waters around the world large areas of the ocean floor are covered by sea grass resign the water
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called the rain forest of the sea they are vulnerable just like the rain forest on land and damage to see grass results in the roshan loss of biodiversity the slow growing plant i need time to recover that's why scientists in germany are trying to help out with artificial sea grass. i get gross just off the coast in areas where the sea floor is splat. huge bands of seagrass are often called the oceans rain forests and they play a similar role in marine ecology they offer countless species both sustenance and protection seagrass beds also produce oxygen and sequitur carbon dioxide and by binding it in a long term form for the last two years with the project c art roll v.n.
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wave and his colleagues have been trying to find out what other vital functions the marine plants might fulfil. they help damp down energy transmitted in waves and also curb the power of currents. so that in turn helps cut down on seabed erosion. seagrass help stabilize it so plays a role in coastal protection because the waves that arrive on the coast strike it with less energy. the first step for the researchers was to examine the condition of the sea grass beds on germany's coasts their results show that agriculture on land is proving poisonous to the marine plants global warming is also causing massive algae blooms that cut off the light that sea grass needs to grow european universities and partners from industry are working together on this project there's
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a huge amount of sea grass in the tropics but it's disappearing there because fishers often use dynamite and because trenches are being cut to lay pipelines that creates these corridors through the beds and on its own the sea grass is unable to repopulate those areas. now artificial sea grass could help provide a solution to the problem just like its natural counterpart and it would help dampen wave energy and prevent sea bed erosion providing the right conditions for natural sea grass to grow back in. the plastic sea grass is still in testing. the researchers want to know how long the blades have to be to prove effective and where the material has to be flexible and where it needs to be stiff. the testing at this facility should prove insightful. vienna way of all and his colleagues try all currents at different speeds that tells them how well they're artificial sea
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grass beds breaks the currents up. it works just like real sea grass it behaves in a way that's very similar to real sea grass field full of us will give us some good luck in the experiments that we performed we learned that the speed of the current changes both within our beds and on the upstream side of it. but as the mounts they construct the weight of natural fibers or plastic so the researchers are still looking for the optimal material. and i also think that it has to be as close as possible to the real thing but also easy to produce. and most importantly it has to disappear without a trace as natural sea grass grows back this kind of research takes time in the dark frigid salt water off northern europe the materials they're testing break down very slowly and at home in the tradition our dream is to produce
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a prototype module that can be adjusted to fit very different environmental conditions. they will have to be able to cope with different types of currents as well as the different microorganisms. and this man in the sea our research team wants to develop their prototype as quickly as possible because time is up the essence the world's marine rain forests are disappearing at the rate of over twenty football fields a day. lot of reports nice reports about people who practice recycling are up. cycling from car service furniture through bribes of making liberal drinking straws a woman's corporate reform process about an idea like grow right yes and they tend plastic bags into new products it's the latest episode about doing your bit series where we introduce initiatives so innovative people who are doing their bit for the environment. and.
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the union to move past it waste just as the environment and contaminates the soil. and plastic bags are the biggest problem. with. jaffray is a women's co-operative in back enough. to combining eco protection and female empowerment to loot the women wash the plastic bags and disinfect them. to. the backs accustomed to strips thus creating plastic threads. put them on the spindle and you can weave exquisite fabrics it's the source material for briefcases and a variety of a chic banks. prices range from twenty to fifty euros.
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and. the women and their own money up to one hundred fifty euros a week. it allows them to support their families. want at the same time protecting the environment. like that. and so to move to tell us about it. if you don't website or send us a tweet. or joining. your story. was when you encounter a snake do you try to get away from it as fast as possible while everyone brown just stays put he's a professional snake handler in zimbabwe you can call him if a snake gets into your yard he'll come and catch it and take it to a snake park where he teaches schoolchildren about why the reptiles need to be protected and why we don't need to fear many of these creatures the ambulance is on
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standby in case things go wrong for him to divine the other professional snake rescue us insult with zimbabwe and i've been called out by a woman who is frightened a snake my tom how young son oh well what do you say. it's the high even in moscow brah it's bite can be fatal. ok oh ok i love. if the snake feels provoked it might strike but that is q. has secrets lies in remaining calm and cautious. guards. with a good carburetor. bandit egyptian cobra or sniper cobra very big very high with
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a snack many people simply kill snacks if they see them but these women acted correctly now both the snake and the family are fine. the snake kind last put the cobra in a plastic container that we need to set it free in a suitable place abraham and divine go on bruce commissions about four times a week. they work for the victoria force nick back risk of santa to call them out costs about twenty euros we get calls from the screws. to things like companies sometimes in her toes for capturing snakes but sometimes we have a situation like the very people who tried to kill us and by the time we got to be willing to. defame us victoria force roll with life the snake park is nearby it sounds as a risk youth center and also teaches locals and tourists about snacks abrahamian divine will keep the cup cobra here until they find
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a natural environment i way from human habitation where they can believe that around eighty species of snakes can be found in zimbabwe they add an important part of the ecosystem and i also of use to humans for example they control the rat population rats can destroy crops and food stalls and spread diseases but this next habitat is train king as a human habitations expand and forests are banned to make room for farmland most snick species in zimbabwe are not protected by the law so everyone in divine are trying to raise awareness they teach schoolkids ways next are important for the system and how to behave to watch them. to move together one at a time. back number they'll come after you mostly when you go in history or when you're quite right ok. black members that's got
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a coffin job to head to the head. a day with the snakes here is fun for the. many snakes in zimbabwe and most. people know weeks ones are homeless likely to kill them. larry learns a lot about snakes we hear him talk to identify snakes we learned the different colors they're mostly just beautiful and china to help our. divine hope that if kids learn to love snakes they will protect them in the future. now let's head to port elizabeth in south africa and we enter the joe slovo township where more than sixty percent unemployed have to survive on very little money and often have to contend with violence around in just the township kevin came with designs buildings that can be used as youth centers nursery schools and workshops for local businesses and they're all made from recycled materials dr believes that is green
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and sustainable designs can be used to empower local communities we had a look around. south africa's cities are growing rapidly architects are looking for ways to provide millions of new residents with affordable housing one of them is kevin kim well a here in the joe slovo township near cape town he's developing green buildings that are within the means of the people who live here both affordable and sustainable. six to seventy percent of the people live in this environment and they want to for the. needs a different approach to the community members themselves. with support from the city the local university and the community can wella this building facilities that are needed here such as a youth center and a community home. right now as his team is busy
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constructing workshops for local businesses the community architect keeps costs low by avoiding expensive technology and by conserving resources recycled materials make up eighty percent of his buildings camilla's favorite are old pallets. so pilots are very accessible and to use a material that is a radio. or reliable to the community it's hope these workshops will improve quality of life by providing affordable space to small business people like. there are no garbage trucks and joe slovo so together with her daughters she picks up trash and sells valuable materials they find to recycling companies. but is excited about her new workshop until now she's worked from a shed behind her house she helped design and build her new premises. with.
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the extra space will allow her to work more efficiently and develop a small recycling business for the township. but. it's march. because now if i'm not going to outside like these. insights in the crate so that they can be safe they're not safe outside everyone can see them and still. the workshop is not kim well as first project he started by building this daycare center it had room for eighty children sheltering them from heat and rain and was hailed as a groundbreaking work of green architecture the day care center and the other facilities were meant to promote change here but that vision could not compete with raw political violence today the center is concerted. well listen. he won't give in
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and we'll keep working to make the township more livable. i tend to feel like if we despair then who who will who will. who will come in who will come and do something you know and we all kind of have this vision and we hope that it will come together kevin kim well i continues to gain international attention and his community project was nominated last year for a design award for the ecosystem internet says gulf of god is extremely fragile the areas heavily polluted by urban and industrial waste water that's right felicia it's the sense of a country's phosphate processing industry which has been ravaging the environment on shore and offshore for yes the european union is trying to revive the region by funding things like of sure waste water treatment plants online but is it
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really benefiting the local population in the way it was intended you could africa went out and asked some of them about this. a lawyer to towie has worked as a fisherman for over forty years he can't imagine doing anything else yet life is hard here in ga base four hundred fifty kilometers south of the tunisian capital tunis water quality has been badly affected by the city's phosphate processing plant but elias says the only option is to keep on fishing had a total. i have a spiritual connection to the city and i draw the dollars to move away from here when we have no or the job opportunities. together with local agencies an e.u. funded pilot project aimed at reducing the environmental degradation is no wonder way to protect the sea from overfishing fishing rights are being restricted and
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activity closely monitored artificial reefs are also being put in place. today the fishermen are invited for a town hall discussion they're being introduced to the project in part to win them over because not everyone here is thrilled by developments just how he wants to persuade them of the benefits. some reject the idea. but out good name is at stake. the artificial reef here is five to ten metres high a lot has already changed we've managed to want to reintroduce the red moat it was gone from here for a long time. if. the artificial reefs are sunk at two locations plants take root on their concrete slabs and fish can spawn there undisturbed that's a long term boon for the fishing communities as well the project isn't only focused on the sea on land money has also been invested in
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a park solar panels have been installed to supply its energy needs it's a kind of local recreation area which it's hoped will also attract tourists the park even comes with an amphitheater that will also be used for educational purposes. the man in charge of the project shows us water filtration equipment that's also been installed to treat water polluted by the phosphate industry. no it can be used to water plants seven hector's have been planted here. at. the facility consists of fine eco filters joined up as a network. once they're installed the filters enable the water to be physically chemically logically cleaned of impurities meaning the bacteria get killed off on the water can be recycled. back to the sea and the fishermen the project managers want to hear what they perceive as their biggest problems i have to tell
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he says that factory fishing fleets are threatening the region's ecological balance the use dragnets that are illegal and destroy the fish spawning grounds. as if they were. the project will put a stop to the chaos in the fishing sector and the illegal fishing. because the main problem and it's bad for the local fisherman. the project is expected to be complete by the end of this year elia tali is counting on its success and is doing all he can to support it he's not alone in hoping that fish stocks will recover in the long term. and once again we've reached the end of our environment magazine for today i hope you enjoyed the topics and got a lot out of now it's goodbye from me in our quad for this week and thanks to you. for misha thanks for a great show n.t.
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we're looking forward to having you all again next week right to us let us know what you think or you can visit our social media pages which will be on the screen in a moment i'm felicia n.s.p. in johannesburg south africa and so next week the back. move.
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to. china nine hundred sixty six mouse a dog proclaims the cultural revolution to end we couldn't think of anything better than gang china several europeans were also swept up in the euphoria and must of been really fighting so i. see our brother like teenagers pushing.
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indonesian authorities have raised the alert level for the volcano that caused that tsunami last weekend they've warned that fresh activity from the krakatau volcano might cause another tsunami and they've ordered all flights to stay clear of the area saturday's deadly waves killed at least four hundred thirty people.

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