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tv   Doc Film - Dead Donkeys Fear No Hyenas Part 1  Deutsche Welle  December 30, 2018 8:15am-9:01am CET

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you know. after a. good job it. sure linked to news from africa and the world from your link to exceptional stories and discussions on the use of these in our website deputed poems must become join us on facebook j w africa. everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. the right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference. and just to receive and implant information and ideas through any media regardless of fun two years. on the seventieth anniversary of the un declaration of human rights article nineteen fold on w. . the mother.
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who jumped out or. how we got is. that god forbid a sign of the day. isn't a. certain other one hundred other l. now wait. a another one of those that is. who got to go what is the end and about that. day that. i don't know that god does it out of the. general or not that of us that out of no i'm an economist one of us that out of though every dot in our planet thought of us
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we are growing at the other end of the get in get out or they'll. get down to the moon move. them up one of us to gather. them applying this to dad as though. to put that a boom. in the limo. and i'm sure there. will.
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be above. on. the airport and i decide to buy theo p.-a six years ago this is where the story began. on the tarmac i see white cargo planes being unloaded food aid coming into the country. and at the same time food being exported out. why is a famine struck country receiving food aid exporting food to the rich world to us. it didn't make sense. returning to find out more i couldn't imagine that it was the beginning of a much bigger story. the
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best sleep. the best sleep. the bad. wherever i go in the city everything seems to be about developing hunger and poverty are to be eradicated by any means necessary. for the field being government the solution is to invite foreign investors. to be. a little
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a little slow but i think it will be added to the ticket to the plate. yes there are my lessons that help me to get home that are lame is that all about it all but investment i'm not so mad at him yes i'm going on with that focus by the output shot that thought it was a generic if you declaims treatment that you know you can about how could you not it's just a commodity to be out the investment be so much leg and you can be sure to come up after one. of the call from the government is heard in the luxury hotels of the city i meet international business people and ventures looking for opportunities the hot topic on everyone's lips is farmland what they call the new green gold. if you do not need to. eat. eat.
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when i came here i first went to investment office they said that they were very keen to have foreign investment here to stimulate business and also to improve the foreign exchange ballots. it's a commercial operation i could see that it was suitable for what i wanted to do here great rainfall. good soils and your really interesting situation just talk to give it a go. investors bring in money to a poor country might be good but what happens to the local farmers when the investors arrive. knowing nothing about the country i'm pretty lost. but i get to know an environmental journalist dealing with the land issues. see not
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a reason this is a big question but when i've been on the center of the arc if you miss the damage of a road ecology system of the park and it's never reported on the media new things out for us to miss i think it is another big disaster because you can't recover that forest of by enemy see if maybe for the next five hundred years. whatever there is fertile land in ethiopia you will find london for stars. that isn't a man's i have heard a lot of reports from western region now i want to see it was my own eyes what exactly is going on. our gala laus me to join him on his investigative trip to the gun barrel our region far away in western.
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after two days of driving we finally reached umbrella for ages this region has been an isolated corner of ethiopia. somehow it reminds of forgotten world still untouched by modern civilisation. but now things are changing. of things.
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london because you are going to get a language is a much uglier child and cylinder seem to fit them with us live here and i honestly would much rather them to get out get out isn't that you'll end up going to have a look and not. going to visit what is what is i wish i did and what is the matter that much again give me a kick. at the when i watch a video so the card thousand that got you flipped ballot was and what a joke we are to ask of the ask of the could begin to look at they are going on to be have a good. thing she's let me tell you how can you find anything p.-i three hundred forty. and you didn't attack him in the land of the dating investment that will do no good in this and.
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i sat down with a tiny little heat seeking into which in which at the time i said yes in my early mind the day by left almost nobody. in your neighborhood living in the cellars he had has to handle if he. got sick and learning how to manage than can be i hope not and then he'll continue on in the canonical them basement masai. leaving the farmer we follow the new road. we drive deeper into the heart of gum bella and reach ethiopia's largest national park the park covers over five thousand square kilometers stretching all the way to solve sudan and is the habitat
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of many endangered species. this enormous area is also home to indigenous people living off of small farming fishing and hunting the dream means to expand this park to sit done to selves have done to me in this park the second to the seven getting park. i think there now. this is a dumbbell a region. there is a national park in the middle here. the area east full of many species while earning money and there is a pleasure that. investors coming to come to be given land so are awarded now nt to do that demarcation quickly as soon as possible so that the
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then visitors can not be a locate it in the center of the park so this is what we are doing but who knows the pressure come from the federal i were playing maybe we can we don't know but the seed we are trying our best. this is where we have now now to. the park official almost is worried that his small staff can't control the vast area of the park. a few hours later we discover that his concerns appear to be justified.
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he's. at a junction there's a road sign. a company named saudi star. what
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he saw was fairly disturbing. i wondered why the saudis said company he's after in sick a. it's sad it's funding into the national park. so i would seriously damage the wide the knife and the lesson of cutting. the thing thinking and. cutting and. cutting and. cutting and something something and something. to
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cut. costs. in the regional capital argyle goes out alone to find information about the government's plans for the national park and the saudis start companies. the local security police find out that our guy was asking around and they arrest him. the entire night our guy was interrogated at the police headquarters. early in the morning he was released and ordered to leave dumbbell immediately he is told if you care about your security don't ever come back. there were opinions. done for me. to do with the case where to
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begin any dear children as they are in the future. to get healthy. soon to go to. i feel that kind of fear in most places particularly in rootlessness they cannot understand you are a journalist they cannot understand you have a right to put it says the government policies they cannot understand so it is your job and a way that trying to creates a sense of fear and. a serious warning and. in that condition you feel that you might end up in jail you might be attacked by someone ok then run
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away from the place. the for. our guy was lucky to make it out of gum bella but for him this story is too important to drop. the gun beloved harry potter can become a cult that. desire cover up the park one night in the southeast given a shot. muslimah resume your mission of getting over the show you're going to have a good minute flow of you know in your. book i know that china. nursery. school.
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during the beef i mean into eighty's about four hundred thousand people died and almost every family dose the loved ones. but the hunger north disappeared today millions of people are still dependent on food aid for their survival. now investors from all over the world that are coming here to get to farmland. if at the same time i had a culture a land is taken away from our farmers and the crops are exported. maybe even more and. before hardly any international investors cared about farmland in africa so why are they so interested now.
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searching for answers i go to the global financial centers in new york the largest conference for agricultural investors is held. i let myself in through the back door. and once you get it there so now so famous american bank credit why do you rob banks because that's where the money and cities are and in some ways that's why people invest negative because now there's money in the u.s. you can make a profit. an agriculture where you probably couldn't ten twenty years ago. the things changed around the middle of the two thousand is when we had a big spike in food prices. and the reasons why you present hard to do because on the demand side we have more population going to nine billion a lot of new demand commute of asia out of china and on the supply side you know
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there are questions about how much for childline is about in parts of the world in particular the hedley populated parts of east asia europe and other areas. and what's changed in from two thousand and eight is that we seem institutional investors pension funds insurance companies private equity funds hedge fund the now starting to look at agriculture as as a as a real asset something tangible which is you could sort of value a good face invest money in the same ways they've looked before right from actual real estate or iraq policy. as it turns out the rush for the green gold is reaching every corner of the planet international investors will soon control over fifty five million hectares of farmland an area larger than the size of germany most affected are the poorest
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countries such as ethiopia. saudi star has big plans for them bella. the saudi arabian companies preparing to farm an enormous area. and they've already come far. they've come really far. to get on with the story we must return to the farm. meat sushi.
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the owner billionaire alla moody has a longstanding interest in ethiopia but investigating land investments in ethiopia is dangerous. with his arrest in dumbbell a fresh in his mind argyle has fears about the government. but as a foreigner making a film about agricultural development i could contact the company. now does it mean you get this was it. so the story. before we started all this to get some coffee date shouty. which may not be disclosed in some interviews they've made quiet not fish out of the ship at all. and so yes. this is you know one thousand. and this one this it is two thousand back that
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the young section the city thousand and eight that this one is four thousand that sort of become ten thousand that so of course all of that clearly got to duty of the set it almost all of it so this is it is. there and the same time the fact that he's now under construction was in the six months is that i submitted five times it would be finalized. as you know it just. expired and the bottom was a much. closer look at was the government is to provide some moron the source that we can expand this file yeah. we are lucky the manager grants permission to visit the farm
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a gun battle. arriving at the farm area we risk ordered by the company security service. eunice saudi started a. touch of the no plans to be listening. to compass. and fox and gravel come the company provides services like food service clinic service for the future working here we have
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a football field people do football great kate's like they are in near future also again will have a swimming pool like that so this is a very nice place where people living. freely not scared the security is good that the health care good and that living standard is very good in drop a standard. all the camp thirty nine hundred they are designed in good way done by you to just come penny dropped. so what was here before you started. it was simply. a forest but when i say forests not like this want to. use the polluted. that was clipped and if you noticed production.
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only to get the brown rice and but i missed it it moved and you know we get by trace. and that's going out of the polished but this one is only one of the. last it's made is very expensive and you will export police radios. for the night we were given a guest room at the farm compound but we don't sleep very well the idea that a famine struck country should export rice is just too strange. you know. this all.
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and you female. and. you find something not only in one hundred films but. for something for the mankind that something gives you go for. did. we find. people. there's not much. people living. in the villages that insight yes you know. the people living in second. must have been affected and then what do you. miss is. the.
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saudi stars operating on the eagle permits awarded by the government to enable this development the government is a victim of the local people from the land. or indigenous people who've been living in the area for hundreds of years. we need to find out what happened to them i know . i know. that. the most difficult piece. of sadness. most people are afraid of the government must be freedom problems and their fear
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is just a fight. whatever you cause there is any thought of my interests and spice. just pick up against the land investments you'll be granted us on to development and an endeavor very quickly in jail. finally our goal manages to find people willing to talk to us just. going to get. on t.v. . which he did you took a model what. do want to get why no callignee. why no would it.
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be done will only. work which will leave you to your god. given gloria but you. were not a woman. what a turn no. i want to become one of. with a you. what here they are down here. and.
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nobody can come but in my mind and here paul. who could walk up you. know him york with a pipe and will be wanting to marry a guy marking ben with and then i can make a grown man feeling about the new to me to have a at the courtship the more difficult to be very careful i want to come out i don't bury. eat. eat. all over eat the o.p.'s small farmers are being forced off their land and moved to
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new villages one and a half million people are about to be evicted. the government calls the forced relocation villages ational treating new villages the official reason is that the locals can only benefit from development programs that provide people with clean water health care school and food aid if they live in the villages. the major development program in the area is a program called p.b.s. . right beside the saudi star farm we find one of those new villages the only one who dares to speak with us is a local government official. the showgirl but i'm not going to really go to my model because i'm not an industry i can only go and if there's a will many thought on that article come the norm under bono to come to that that i'm doing but then you know where. the cutting if you want to and i'm bored i want
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to thank you in that ability each element. in the room so if you don't win anything yesterday or does it doesn't i just feel i don't return i don't want. a womanizer to add up to. in the new villages we find empty bags on the ground. the local farmers who've lost their land now need food inc to survive. seems hard to believe that these relocations are about helping people. in a. make good talk about going on mom wanted to be then when you went dark
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a chill come and they're going to get all good you and i'm going to bombard you a lamp or get on that do you when will the one with the. able to make a deal vulnerable make a deal quotable and get you down don't need to do would you be able to hold it don't you put a yes there would be out there would have been doubtful if it were a real one a veteran or one you can walk on by to come by eleven anti-tobacco. going on here when i'm going to a local mall when he. could get convicted of the death of bernard i want to end it yet how could. i ever going to target be going to take over again we're going more moment time to time like i do but i learned you know what i get are you have when we are going to. the bottom of the wall. we're not going to but only the poor me the one.
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i'm only yes i don't to do it boca man or woman one of them all have one year where . the development program p.b.s. protection of basic services is meant to help the poorest. the intention is great but it appears as if the ethiopian government income bella is exploiting the development program to clear land for the internet. the investors. the p.b.s. program is funded by the us the european union and the world bank. the world bank is the world's largest development bank and is financed by tax money. the mission of the bank is to end extreme poverty and build prosperity. in ethiopia
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the world bank has put over two billion dollars into the p.b.s. program. the world bank is engaged in many countries that have institutional weaknesses that have ethnic tensions that have big development challenges and that's why we're there ultimately. i think development often involves trade offs and many development aspects to come with costs. people should not be disadvantaged by by a project whether they own the land all they don't allow. any form thing is to make sure that those projects are television or quality way without jeopardizing the environment so. making sure that we protect people and in fact benefit society at large without necessarily creating new reserves.
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in ethiopia three million people already depend on food aid to survive now the development program seems to be creating even more hunger how can the small farmers survive when they've lost their land. more food aid. well. there were you. recently noticed that. on an open enough. congress that and.
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now i have a cheerleader shuttle crew with him and. our dog on his ground breaking story now the challenge is to find an editor who dares to publish. hundreds of land investors flood into field. but are they all the same. to find out i traveled to another corner of this beautiful and fertile country. through . this one looked right.
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through. the thread. so then i went. with the grain is good she would be a much great. yeah i think i have but i don't know. if the two days are really. three. point of view it's very dangerous trying. to spend time looking at the girl side of the room. to learn that we took initially had been you just twenty years before
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by the state farm system but they had abandoned it because they said he's too dry to grow crops on so we were the first people to plow in that area. if i can just point out across the way. there is a neighbor of ours here he's also a luke person. he has no infrastructure and much no machinery. but what he does do is follow his crop very closely and he does everything at the right time and you see he's also got a very good crop now i'd like to just show you this call just here. the person the farmer who has this is somebody who lives in addis ababa not following their crop
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closely what we call an investor they come perhaps once a year to look at their crops the result of that is that we have a lot of things we need this is called ice a grass weed it's called. literally means no brick what we need is more of the mentality of the pharma rather than the investor people who are committed to growing crops following their crops having that competitive instinct wanting to find something which increases the production. one of the things they're very keen on these people who are having export crops in order to increase prices change now we haven't gone down that route i mean were we to safe imports. which varieties this.
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is really and. yeah sir yes ok and look be there ready now and the others are almost ready so i mean if you can come on wednesday and. thursday night you come that's good and also your good good i think that's very nice no problem with that and that's good bill in issue.
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this is d w news law of them from the people in the democratic republic of congo head to the polls in a tense vote opposite to the days of delay the d.l.c. is choosing a success that's a long time strongman leader joseph kabila but opposition cos he's already calling the election on him fat. and facing is also on the way in bangladesh with security forces on the high of a prime minister shake has seen as expected to win another amid accusations that hung.

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