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tv   Close up - How to Make Cultural Social Integration Work  Deutsche Welle  January 2, 2019 10:15am-10:46am CET

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and that saving lives is not a crime. which you watching d.w. news coming to you live from berlin we have more for you at the top of the hour sumi will be with you then and don't forget you can always get the latest news and information around the clock on our web site that's at d w dot com thanks for watching. what we were. when we were now eighty percent of americans at some point in our lives will experience hardship listening. audience.
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right now immigration and integration are major challenges for most cities and towns. many people are asking how these two complex issues can be tackled effectively. to communities one in germany the other in belgium seem to have found a way to help people from different cultures come together better as one community . and. it's the first day of the new school year in mechelen belgium people from one hundred thirty eight different nations live in this town. it's a complicated. situation especially at schools. most of
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the tuples at st peters school aren't native born belgian children they're from migrant families who live nearby. school principal deal clayton's wants to create a broader makes in the classrooms and thus promote integration it's never too early to start. rewarding i. ask what is a kind of integration point in these neighborhoods where they are together they lived together and to learn to. cope together to to work together to learn together to. have fun but also have discussions still to see that there are different people in this world and i think it's very rich. school integration programs like these seem to be working that's also thanks to by so much as who's been mayor of mechelen for eighteen years he's made a lot of positive changes. i. resoldered there are
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what we call in belgium concentration schwartz's schools read only for a vast majority of people with a migration background and white blue cross parents wouldn't send their kids anymore to those schools because they're afraid of the quality of the school and also afraid that their people would be a little bit the only one and so. stand alone in the school and no parent lines of i'd be. so sun was decided to invest in a program that actively encourages belgian parents to send their children to the nearest school regardless of the ethnic mix. you needed a village to raise a child that's true but you also need the parents are central in it and have to understand for a little what their task is in the education of their kids. in the school guarantees quality education and official. track the students academic performance
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that gives the belgian parents confidence so much so in fact that the number of non migrant pupils is now rising. nora has been attending st peter's for a year now in belgium children start school at the age of three her parents hannah and vincent decided to send her to their neighborhood school. the noble ironic we want our children to attend a school that reflects our town. we want them to meet children from different cultures. from our own allah sort on our third. nora's parents aren't worried her education will be worse off for it on the contrary. they look for on the match and it's a win win situation for us michael in this way we can meet other parents and the children can play together. but out of. at the end of the one nine hundred ninety
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s. such integration programs were few and far between the town had a number of problems and many blame the immigrants. come out of very difficult periods where for example extreme right in more than thirty percent of the vote was a polarized city a city with a lot of negativity the most difficult thing is it's always really find a balance between having a city where people respect rules and at the other end having an inclusive city and finding that. equality between safety and inclusion does that's a big challenge. mayor somebody set out to meet that challenge. in stuttgart the capital of biden ville tim back in germany integration and inclusiveness have been a top priority for decades about six hundred thirty thousand people live in stuttgart from more than. one hundred sixty different countries around two hundred
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seventy thousand people immigrated here that's nearly forty three percent. for the city of integration means creating conditions of equality for all residents. to quote a broad multiculturalism just means there are lots of different cultures and one so to make society diverse but we all belong to stuttgart we all play by the same rules for the browns everyone can be themselves and to hear them fighting over. immigration and integration have been a natural part of life in stuttgart for nearly fifty years it is no i mine is preparing an exhibition for the city museum part of it focuses on immigration in the one nine hundred sixty s. a number of turkish guest workers arrived in stuttgart this small statue portrays one of them. let me turn first then it's fascinating that most people in stuttgart
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with a migrant background have some sort of keepsake like this from when their parents first arrived in the sixty's and seventy's i have a photo of my father when he arrived he's at the train station with his friends look up come. this is a german language course on records they were donated by a greek immigrant. for doesn't go forward as this week off of them how much land he bought the records in greece before he came to germany even though he didn't earn a record player but he was sure that as soon as he found work in germany he could buy one at all but according to the plan to go to twice and. by the one nine hundred seventy s. the challenges that immigration posed for the city of staccato were obvious this official report is from one nine hundred seventy six there's a certain it provides a summary of the situation at the time along with some proposals for the future. one of the situation. we still face today we're outlined in this document document
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. that was absolutely. that's got a chapter on integration and how to make migrants want to stay in one of the local government already dealing with the issue for fifteen years or so they were ahead of their time and i thought. that the journey was in dire need of extra hands in the one nine hundred sixty s. so would recruited people from southern europe and turkey to come and work in the booming industrial sector it was a new experience both for the immigrants and for germans. i mean how did you come to take that like out from yugoslavia stayed with me for a while i asked him to stop eating so much garlic you could smell it all over the house but he didn't so he had to leave. the stock gods mayor at the time. actively promoted and intercultural dialogue.
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not least because he had a vested interest. in my district my mother in law is great but my wife doesn't speak greek. to him it was beyond question that migrants should be able to help shape city policy and vote people blame of those many of our migrant citizens who were born here more like locals than foreigners integration brings us closer to each other and our unique problems. but i. also came up with innovative ideas for integrating the local housing market these included a quota program which guaranteed a mix of germans and foreigners in neighborhoods and apartment buildings to prevent segregation. of these apartment blocks in the district of because are managed by the city housing authority. mimicked bose to me or was
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a teenager when his family moved here from turkey in the one nine hundred seventy s. . and these are fertile. i grew up in this neighborhood. there were a lot of germans here back then and not many immigrants can fluent in them but i made friends quickly sprogs again because i had german friends and that helped me learn the language is the for the not really but it was a vibrant neighborhood when done up and soon more immigrants came. to me as family lived here on the first floor. the same occupancy guidelines are still in place today. further these policies help promote integration for all but only if germans are part of the ethnic mix the idea is to make immigrants part of society. to contribute to that idea
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most of your serves as a volunteer on the housing authority's advisory board. today he's meeting a family from macedonia that urgently needs a place to live. but the family has been looking for a new home for two years. bureaucratic red tape is not making things any easier. right now they're forced to live separately the father is in a one room apartment the mother and the couple's two sons are staying with friends . so the kids want to be with their father. well that's a problem. of blame if i want my own room i want to home. if the house or if those dimia knows he can help this family find a home just by explaining their situation to the housing office to give them a better understanding of what's going on. he'll do what ever he can.
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back in mechelen there are no such housing quotas so mayor summers has had to come up with some new ideas to undo past segregation. in the one nine hundred seventy s. a number of cheap housing estates were built. they filled up quickly predominately with immigrants. they were only interested in the quantity but not in the quality of what they were building and so then you put people together in houses over better quality where you can hear the neighborhood but if you are in the ranch you and you live in a kind of here and get zero atmosphere and that's not good because those people deserve better. housing social supports and the promotion of interethnic dialogue summers works to get everyone on board to face communal challenges together. get
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trees here feel good at his new ideas have made him something of a celebrity. the town has invested one hundred eighty million euros in public housing projects so far we want to put middle class and life also in those social houses and they have to pay a low rent but they have to give something back to us they have to give eight hours a week they have to put in voluntary work in the neighborhoods because it's often a problem but in neighbors like this not so many people have a job this the work to see progress they get a bit of network it brings the. versity in the neighborhood. summers has worked hard to fight segregation and promote ethnically diverse neighborhoods where everyone feels welcome and safe. it's a good it's a real satisfied and the absolutely i used to live in the hague in holland but i
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like living here. look a lot of the regular is great britain is all the usual things are going back up the mayor is also responsible for making sure his community is safe because integration can succeed only when people feel secure. a liberal politician summers takes a zero tolerance approach to crime he had more than four hundred surveillance cameras installed around the town. in the beginning a lot of people say it is a right wing politician you see just a lot in police and security and clean streets but it was an important starts because easy to recreate a trust also for people the difficulties with the changing reality of a diverse city. the security cameras free up more police to go out on street patrols. that increases their presence in the
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community. so all of the other food civil will not. live up north of the pit. perhaps most important of all people in low income neighborhoods also feel safer which is open the door to more diversity. mechelen has shown that it is possible to be tough on crime and to promote integration but it takes a lot of work. the investments seem to be paying off though. most people in maryland that i. nope are telling me that the cameras are giving them a more secure environment to shop or by example because he told the shopping areas covered by cameras so they know if something happens they know we've got the possibility the idea identified the author of the crime. and the city also uses volunteers counselors and social workers to stay in touch with the community and
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help reduce crime to foster integration summers says freedom and security must go hand in hand. and. that creates a much more relaxed down and more safe down and that's what people also appreciate and when you feel safe your mind it's also open for diversity. the mayor has also devised innovative programs to help young people who may be vulnerable to islamist recruitment propaganda. police and specially trained counsellors respond quickly and offer help to troubled youth. the arc of the one young man said if he flunked out of school that year he'd go off and fight in syria he was really frustrated with me but he did have a good relationship with one teacher and she helped him pass coach the ft on by off
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the hall on the slugger. sensitivity towards others social awareness and intervention when needed so far the formula has worked well. local officials have also realized that athletic programs help to keep young people on track. the girls and boys who train here renovated this gym themselves today is tight boxing and everyone regardless of where they're from is welcome to join in is that even to let everyone is equal here we do the same. exercises we trained together that way we all get to know each other better get me out ok i don't be a good kid. there are thirty boxing clubs like this throughout the town. on a rock is in charge of this program he's
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a former drug dealer and has spent time in jail in the spirit of the ok stop playing around the monkey working counterpunch up to the idea that. gaddafi again and again getting that you. say oh all of us and all dead the whole thing look normal and that we have kids from all over the place in here together and that's about all we try to teach them respect and discipline that's what makes our club special. the rigorous training routine offers a number of advantages. you wouldn't need goma when kids come here to train they don't have enough time and energy left to get into trouble on the street the custody of it all but much rather have them in here doing something dumb so you call that out of the so they've got to do.
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this stuff got also have someone looking after its use. is working with the city to keep this field up. and he helps local kids improve their football skills. but it's really want these kids to have a future i don't want them hanging around on the streets with nothing to do and getting into trouble with the bank they're better off taking up a sport they might even turn professional one day. for the. i want to show these kids that they can follow their dreams and make something of themselves. this week the floors up in. any house is nineteen years old and has a criminal record but one man helped him turn his life around. there but those offices are still on still miles runs
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a local organization that helps young people find their place in society. that's like trying to figure out what makes each one of them unique very much inspiring for me to empower young people in each of them is different and has special qualities and it's my job to uncover their individual strengths and then shift their focus to the things they're interested in the interest and should be zero point two for sure but the suspension. leventon units from the city's integration office is here to talk about a program where young volunteers would help look after older people. just this forced well what do you think should they do neighborhood work or go to retirement homes. again just for the silver star active project is meant to give young people the opportunity to provide care and assistance for the elderly.
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the idea is to give them a better understanding of how others live and to help them see that they can make a difference. outside of your well i'm for most of those there's not always easy if you come from a low income family or a low income part of town is that others. is a smoker because they want to show young people that they can help to shape state policy and make positive changes in their neighborhood and all. of that is what real integration means to me on. definitely to go through. these young people are taking responsibility for the living conditions in their neighborhood. maya says it's important for them to feel like they're part of the political process. the police are also involved in god's integration programs to be
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a skive from state security stays in close contact with the local muslim community and frequently visit local mosque associations. in recent years some associations have been accused of promoting radical islam and the german detail organization has often come under fire for its alleged close ties to the turkish government inspector hif wants to make sure the local muslim community continues to play an active role in german society. real politik. the police don't just investigate crimes we're also here to offer support to the community or to take effective action before a problem develops into something bigger. is put into the future. so he's very interested to hear about the details plans for a new mosque the organizations local chairman is more than happy to share. true muslims have no hatred or enmity for people of other religious faiths. or
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their grab. to flee he lived by it all that meticulous option that if people are generally satisfied with their lives they'll be less likely to isolate themselves they need to know they'll be able to practice their faith freely in accordance with german law. and medical and share the same philosophy muslims who are integrated into society are less likely to turn to radical islam. for more than thirty years house forty nine has been offering education programs and counseling services that help promote integration. the facility was founded by vanna. deputy mayor for social affairs. director is kareena smart check scott
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hoping to get him on there were times when people asked whether immigrants could actually be integrated into the they care if you do it right. it doesn't matter where they're from. if the two what's important is to get people to talk to each other comparable to off augustus in the nondescript place but. the thing has made a lot of friends amongst it god's immigrant community. because if they haven't fixed it because it's a. house forty nine is for all generations children who need help with their school work can find it here. and counseling is available for older kids as well. you know a time for another presentation that's your. magic stresses the importance of good education was utterly wasted we want the children and young people. well to eventually learn a profession
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a job that's right for them. and that's important not only for us but also for lots of the parents and many of them come here to take part in our education and counseling programs run off to the best i can give you. now has a number of such facilities these centers bring people together which after all is the cornerstone of integration it's been here course give or been here now i grew up with this program as a child a teenager and i know as a mom i've done volunteer work and helped out here. it's virtually accompanied me through my whole life so far as the he can hear every thursday i love it. there's a game room upstairs and we always play there. and this year this is a great place i think coming here for a long time. i play here a lot it's lots of fun here for us my parents but if there were no house forty nine
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we really message not only can we meet our friends here and bring our kids some of us have been coming here for years we grew up here at these tables were here when i was a child. and the same will go for the following generations to. be from turkey or croatia or albania it's all the same here you're also a citizen of stuttgart and we sometimes have naturalization ceremonies here but i tell people not to forget their roots it's part of their identity but we can all meet here and learn from each other and respect each other. the philosophy of house forty nine is also being implemented in other parts of stood guard cultural integration only works when the residents city officials and religious organ. as asians get involved and work together. to. get there.
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it takes patience and dedication integration doesn't just happen overnight. it's got sort of it is the current generation processes multifaceted panel doesn't always work perfectly we're a big city man this is a situation that we cannot ignore and for there will always remain an issue that they have to stay on top of them this is what we can spread this to other cities to does takes an open mind in the world to see things through the numbers and when that's a. mechelen mayor bart selma's would agree with that summers tries to bring people together and he expects his city to show the same openness that he himself practices. the only thing. that was an easy one.
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i like to connect with people because i think a good mayor needs empathy in fact we all need to the citizens in a mixed society empathy helps you to to place you in the shoes of some of the ills and then you see that the city looks completely different sometimes and if you all need to use that empathy then you can create. a good society. everyone should help in that effort and it would seem that everyone here is these days fewer people in mechelen are voting for right wing populists reality of our world is that we change every day and we have to adapt to those changes so if we speak about integration in a diversity we all have to do efforts we all have to do to try to make the best of it and it's not only them we have to become like we know we all are together in the same city and we or it's all. it's not a paradise here we have our problems have
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a lot of difficulties but react changing their reigning in the game. it takes courage and a steady hand. living empathy has gone a long way in twenty sixteen summers was on a date with the world mayor price for just that. the fast pace of life in the digital shift as the lowdown on the web showing new developments and providing useful information on the wheaties finds and interviews with makers and users. shifts next on t.w. . what
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