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tv   Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  January 5, 2019 7:30am-8:00am CET

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climate used to green energy solutions and reforestation. they create interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and we're determined to build something here for the next generation the ideas the multimedia environment series on d.w. . come more. hello and welcome to the fresh edition of africa brought to you by tunnel t.v. . and i'm felice ends to be here in south africa and i'm joined by my colleague in nigeria hello there everybody if you are interested in the environment and its issues from africa and europe and sit back and enjoy the next trying to six minutes or thereabouts here's what we have coming up on the show today. we went to zimbabwe
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where farmers are using mattresses that's true using new trees from the soil. in germany schoolchildren are putting what they've learned from the questions about financial protection into practice. and in kenya with this is the start of that makes eco friendly pencils and pens from recycled use of paper. first we had to zimbabwe after the land reforms many farmers there were unsure how to best work. many still practiced traditional methods such as slash and burn which as we know has a devastating effect on the environment one man with a lot of experience set up a foundation for farming to teach the rule farmers how to work according to environmentally friendly methods the results higher yields and better sought
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protection have a look. old habits die hard is in but because from us. the damage to the environment like slash and burn are deep ploughing instead of making so we move five times a day keep the opposite. position to reduce the negative impact for both families and environment brand old reefs look for cannot even catch or methods that could be solve this so instead. there's a blanket over the earth and you see a star studded from last year and this. week start saving start from two years ago and that builds up and that's a protective banket and the water to infiltrate and so your water table comes up and then the beatles and worms and ants in the system take that biomass on the
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surface into the soil which rehabilitates your whole structure which you destroy by prying all reaves organization foundations for farming was founded after he lost his own farm during zimbabwe's london foam back in two thousand instead of giving it he decided to share his expertise with other farmers its foundation teaches the basic principles of consolation agriculture and the best ways to optimize yields when using its methods a concept that also produces a lot of benefits for the farmers says i'm going to least have yes yes you're minimizing your production costs in terms of fuel you are minimizing your of this oil which normally comes from the plowing into the detector itself this oil he also minimizing the loss of water in some nutrients the foundations walk has been tremendously successful. many small farmers who have
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employed brand briefs methods have consistently increased the size of their cereal crops. like seventy four year old my good old son she found a real community outside harare for conservation has really paid off. maybe small but high heels of high she doesn't plough she only digs small holes for seedlings. i used to harvest so no more than three fifty kilogram bags of maize pussy is only my feed and but after the training of the foundation i have listed ten bags from a quarter of an acre that's when they recognise the benefit to motivated me immensely and they will never look back. when incisions generally last for a fortnight by a group after twenty four must take part. be focused mainly on smart
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of the culture techniques the farmers are encouraged to cultivate how the grains that are drought resistant and competitions plays a key role. or reeves also convinces from us to use for gun extract lies are made out of natural materials like properties. i win win situation for the family the environment and this whole living structure you can touch and feel. cheaply and sustainably felicia this young lady uses locally produced materials for houses right and it's called rammed earth construction the idea of using mud as a building material is becoming more and more popular across west africa one major advantage is that even when it's hot outside the temperature inside the house stays constant but no need for expensive air conditioning but that's not all they've got
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going for them. the technique is called rammed earth construction has been formed into a wall. this new house is being built close to ghana skeptical at kora using an old method common in rural africa now it's becoming popular in cities. clomid a year and joy and a sin founded a company in two thousand and sixteen they realize there's a demand for houses that are both affordable and eco friendly. in a country well even a continent where a lot of things are very sustainable we thought of ways that we can renewable natural resources to build with and most homes in gone are the easy way of cement and materials are important so we just for listening to see what we can actually get to be able to mean. it's a mixture of sand gravel and clay it's just
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a little bit of cement added the idea is very you know. our grandparents our forefathers were already living in models before this came up even the china wall was built with dogs when you go to mali. the mali empire most of the buildings you see there are all build with. holes this is how the team builds a wall. they use different mud mixtures layered one over another that gives the house an interesting aesthetic result good exercise through you know. all the walls really solid enough. just like a sedimentary rock we are mimicking the third dimension a rock by deformed thousands of years or less piling on top of each other over thousands of years while we are often indoctrinators so. when false i shine the word green after some time is because it's like
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a manmade storm. the company has built four houses so far it started out with a little prototype building experimenting with different materials and techniques including using bricks made of around. this cafeteria in north and done i was more ambitious and scale. this residential project is the biggest so far materials are cheap it's cost about one hundred fifty thousand u.s. dollars that's about one third less than the price was conventional building and there are more advantages you get very very good in indoor air quality. the walls are ten million salinity of the regulator room temperature termites cannot eat it up as proof due to the monolithic structure of the wall hasn't got any more to joints in them so when there's an egg recall there's the ground shakes you don't get them collapsing and the fact that they can stand up better to earthquakes isn't
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the only plus these buildings help save electricity the building fuel school you don't even see even if you did you know this race of the i mean it's just going to be minimal health to. sustain them by a moment to. reduce our carbon prints. the company's business is booming but a sin and have business partner given back to society is well ok think we are good to grow we actually train the local people and house construction so when we have a skill that makes least a bit at the end and also. if we need to get some more workers in last minute then we can always call people from the villages to come and help us out of construction work. with construction cost in thirty percent less than conventional building
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techniques and creating a host of new jobs to hire hertha's helping to lay the foundations for a brighter future. sometimes it's hard to convince people of the need for environmental protection but would almost all cars come up with a unique way of making children and teens more away of the dangers posed by climate change and the need for conserving the environment he creates superhero comic books that address the topic well friends of worrying that most zambians think that climate change is a problem affecting others all reports are met up with him in the german city of berlin. and the reason is that. considering the fact that the reading code to him from his eye view is really really bad people just don't really read books and sue if you
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would give somebody a book with pictures in it i think it sparks their interest trying to create value it's not just about entertainment alone where can you people. in the. street the majority of zambians think climate change is a foreign problem you know they really don't see that they get affected really easily when you talk about global so i believe. easily guided because i mean if you put something in a cello. they're literally the next generation and the future generations come up to them and that's why i feel like it's important to educate and what better way than literature. i think a go. brings a different thing to the table if you look at comic books for example we see that
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many superhero is a male and this is conversations that keep going around even with the should we make more female character what does this mean what does that. stand for and if you follow my comic book you start to see that this character is not perfect life is miserable and she rises above all of that to save the world and fight climate change. and. for the way of getting a message through. his big day various doesn't matter whether you make music it doesn't matter with the droll may call me. so the idea is to visit these schools first have simple question is for the kids after a few months go back to school the question is to see if the children actually learn from the climate change and just the question is itself a muscle creating the stuff like challenges for example they have
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a plan to teach elegance it's more or less just about dialogue and being interactive and the comic books are just supposed to help us get the day a little grainy and so there's going to be a whole lot more coming next but i think people are already talking about it people are receiving in warmly they love it and i believe it's going to grow. in our next report well here about another way of getting young people interested in conservation a school in berlin has a lot of biodiversity to its curriculum what do you think they learned there and well felicia they're learning how species inhabited i danger and what can be done to protect them but they don't just talk about it in the biology class who finds we seeing clues aspects of biodiversity in every subject it requires
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a lot of effort on the part of the teachers the pupils and the parents hopefully it would inspire others to do the same. summer vacation is over it's back to school. and the first lesson is taking place out in the school garden. for these berlin students spades and pruning shears are as important for school those books and pans. i bang for mother schools my two other kinds of things but here we've got our garden on the farm and the animals it's really something special. plants and animals are an integral part of their education here the kids learn how an eco system functions. like garden waste lands next door at the schools farm yard . the farm has a number of residents including ducks pigs and chickens. and then
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there's little the mule and the pony they graze in the schools former sports field . they're done lands on a compost heap and becomes the fertilizer that can be used for the next generation of plants. the school is gradually becoming surrounded with greenery the main building is pretty bare outside the playground out front as well but not for much longer the concrete is about to be turned into a bed of reeds like this part of the grounds. the green ideas are all part of a conscious move by the school to encourage biological diversity when germany launched the national strategy on biological diversity back in two thousand and seven the schools teachers got together and thought about ways to anchor the idea. biological diversity now has a fixed place in the curriculum. we have reached the same subjects as other schools
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we have art physics sports foreign languages. but we've also incorporated biological diversity into the school curriculum and as far as i know we're the only school in germany that does not. stop sat down and thought about what we need to do about the current situation in society and what we want to teach our students and they came up with their own curriculum. in the economics work in technology class students build wooden frames for the raised garden beds in math they measure and plan the beds and they also grow specific plants they can be used in chemistry lessons and they learn how to turn some of the things that grow into products like herb vinegar were jamming. but it's not just about practical skills they also learn about the advantages of diversity take the three sisters for instance that's
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the traditional name given to a mixed bag of squash corn and climbing beans the plants are grown together because they complement each other so well. that is just. what the students get to see how planting a mixture of crops is much better for the environment and is also good for a healthy balanced diet. but you know fast and then they begin to understand that the farming sector generally needs to move away from the extreme forms of monoculture we've seen and begin growing a wider crop mix. before everyone goes home the goats have to be fed. there are keepers who tend to the animals but the students like to do it themselves if they're able. to. and here biological diversity is a year round subject. in winter when mostly indoors in the workshop
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this year we built a beehive and an insect hotel. and there's always stuff to do like clearing out the animal boxes cleaning the yard giving the animals straw and hey it's definitely more fun than sitting behind a desk in class. the ducks and chickens would agree the students and teachers are proud that their unique lesson plan has won them international recognition and they're now an officially designated european eco school. from schoolkids striving to protect the environment in germany for young student in tanzania seal sugawara was so fred up with used clothing that he developed a new business model he gives a second hand clothes a second life by turning them into completely new items and he's certainly doing his bit for the environment.
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in dar es salaam tanzania after ten million tons of textiles are thrown away and you with. the textiles are dumped in landfills. meaning they can harm the environment that's because many clothes are produced with toxic chemicals. she says so while the collectors used clothes from his neighborhood. his company remedy recycles used textiles. produces bags tissue holders and jackets. to give the products a colorful look they had to keep.
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the twenty one year old entrepreneur employs five tailors. staff each of them make fifty bags a week. bags cost between nine and eleven euro. wants to reshape the textile industry in times ennia. like them. if you're also doing your people tell us about. visit our website or send us a tweet. sharing your story. hey felicia how many pencils do you think you've already used up in your life to be honest i've never bothered to count but i'm sure it's a lot right well and see you wouldn't believe it more than fourteen billion pencils are produced worldwide every year that's a lot of trees and has
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a major impact on the environment so kenyans come up with a clever idea they produce pens and pencils made out of recycled newspaper let's find out how all this magic works. businessman anthony kirori knows his supplier as he often comes to pick up the old newspapers this time it's nearly three hundred fifty kilograms he pays about sixty three year for his factory. about thirty kilometers outside the kenyan capital nairobi and city founded his company green pencils on his family's land along with an old friend ivan or chang their ecologically friendly pencil business is a job creator and doesn't require more trees to be cut down most conventional pencils are made from the wood of oats. i think most.
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of the yes. but not recommend. it to the true and electrical engineer about five years to develop the right formula for recycled paper pencil anthony came up with a concept when he worked as a waste collector. and the factory cut up sheets of newspaper glued around graphite sticks then a machine rose them up tightly creating the basic on a door and pencil. the exact technique for finishing the newspaper pencil is a company secret only the factory manager and her bosses know it. the partners themselves come to the factory each week to do the finishing work that anthony's part of the chang is in charge of marketing and legal issues. there's a lot of disregard for intellectual property in africa especially and in some parts
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of asia so we have to guard our secret because if we don't. tomorrow somebody else will do the same thing i'm not on the navajo nama. over the last five years orders have been continually creasing last year the company's sales amounted to around one hundred thirty thousand schools and companies all the biggest customers during peak season the company employs fifty people to produce powerful million pencils in the quiet some months work is still has more potential than kenya eco friendly pencil the figures as they stand slowly about one hundred and fifty million passes a imported into the country so you can imagine if we only attain to percent of the market there's enough for everyone right here kenya's government agencies import about ten million pencils each yeah anthony hopes to convince the government to
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consider using their recycled products i want to get into politics. and i put it that i make it and once i make it my main task will be. i do agree in order to go and fight for the green space within government side that's connect and be one of the role models for that region within the east africa region and maybe even africa concern for the environment is something that true and to share i've been runs other businesses too but he says green pencils is closest to his heart this is the only planet that i know i can survive in so my so small contribution is good enough because the west perception is everybody sits back and in my gym or somebody else is going to say. this planet if you were me heading back to nuoro be the business partner stoppard's am coppa
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a successful kenyan sausage to personally make the first to read then. from now on the solar energy company will be enhancing its green creds with green pencils. so that's a plus the story thank you very much for joining us i hope you have learned or at least experienced something new i'm finished and just me saying goodbye for now from johannesburg. i know it's also time for me in now type way to say farewell from the fossey park in lagos but do be sure to check in with us on our social media platforms eco africa website have a nice week and see you next time. welcome
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