tv Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle January 7, 2019 11:30am-12:01pm CET
how do you want to live in a radical way discover the brown home school host world church thirteen on the w. . i'm not all think that. i just sometimes am but i stand up and whip it up and research and then think deep into the german culture of looking at stereotypes the question put in your thinking for you for the country that i know not. yet need it seems to take the most drama. it's all about. i'm rachel join me to meet the devon from d.w. post. hello and welcome to fresh edition of africa brought to you by title t.v.
rights arena and i'm felicia enders be here in south africa and i'm joined by my colleague in nigeria hello there everybody if you are interested in the environment and its issues from africa and europe and sit back and enjoy the next trying to six minutes or thereabouts here's what we have coming up on the show today. went to zimbabwe where farmers are using macros that strip us of nutrients from the song. in germany schoolchildren are putting what they've learned from the questions about the mental protection into practice. and in kenya where does it start so that makes eco friendly pencils and pens from recycled newspaper. first we had to zimbabwe after the land reforms many farmers there were unsure how to best work. many still practiced traditional methods such as slash and burn which as we know
has a devastating effect on the environment one man with a lot of experience set up a foundation for farming to teach the rule farmers how to work according to environmentally friendly methods the results higher yields and better so protection have a look. old habits die hard in by because from. the damage to the environment like slash and burn or deep plowing into the lake and so we move from time gate. and position to reduce the negative impact for both families and environment brand old reefs look for cannot even catch or methods that. could be solved this so instead. there's a blanket of the earth and you see
a star star from last year and this. week started saving stuff from two years ago and that builds up and that's a protective blanket and the water to infiltrate and so your water table comes up and then the beatles and worms and ants in the system take that biomass on the surface into the soil which rehabilitates your whole structure which you destroyed by prime. organization foundations for farming was founded after he lost his own farm during zimbabwe's land reform back in two thousand instead of giving it he decided to share his expertise with other farmers its foundation teaches the basic principles of consolation agriculture and the best ways to optimize yields when using its methods a concept that also produces a lot of benefits for the farmers says i just have a yes yes you're minimizing your production cost in terms of fuel you are
minimizing your this oil which normally comes from the plowing into the detector itself and this soil he also minimizing the loss of wall water in some nutrients the foundation's walk has been tremendously successful many small farmers who have employed brand middles have consistently increased the size of their cereal crops. like seventy four year old mikey. she finds a real community outside harare for conservation has really paid off. maybe small but high heels of high she doesn't plow she only digs small holes for seedlings. and years to harvest so no more than three fifty kilogram bags of maize pussy's are in my field but after the training of the foundation i have listed ten bags from
a quarter of an acre that's when they recognize the benefit to motivated me immensely and they never look back. when incisions generally last for a fortnight by a group after twenty four must take part. be focused mainly on smart idea culture techniques the farmers are encouraged to cultivate how the grains the drought resistant and competitions plays a key role. all reeves also convinces from us to use the gun expect lies are made out of natural materials like crop prisons. i win win situation for the family the environment and the soil you know living structure you can touch and feel. like you smells of life. it's beautiful moving over to ghana now to check in on a young entrepreneur who builds houses cheaply and sustainably felicia this young
lady. locally produced materials for houses right and it's called a ramp construction the idea of using mud as a building material is becoming more and more popular across west africa one major advantage is that even when it's hot outside the temperature inside the house constant so no need for expensive air conditioning but that's not all they've got going for them. the technique is called rammed earth construction has been formed into a wall. this new house is being built close to ghana skeptical acra using an old method common in rural africa now it's becoming popular in cities. clomid a year and joy and a sin founded a company in two thousand and sixteen they realize there's a demand for houses that are both affordable and eco friendly. in
a country well even a continent where a lot of things are very sustainable we thought of ways that we can renewable natural resources to build with most homes in gone are the men and materials are imported so we just for let's look to see what we can actually get in to building. it's a mixture of sand gravel and clay this is just a little bit of cement added the idea is there you know. our grandparents our forefathers were already living in models before this came up in their china wall was built with dot when you go to mali. the mali empire most of the buildings you see there are all build with. holes so this is how the team builds a wall. they use different mud mixtures layered one over another that gives the
house an interesting aesthetic there's a good exercise too you know. but all the walls are really solid enough. there's just like a third dimension a rock real mcinnes said to mentally rock but deformed thousands of years. piling on top of each other over columns of years well we are often in the process so. when for sunshine the word brain after some time is big it's like a manmade storm. the company has built four houses so far it started out with a little prototype building experimenting with different materials and techniques including using bricks made of around. this cafeteria a north and don i was more ambitious and scale. this residential project is the biggest so far materials are cheap it's cost about one hundred fifty thousand u.s. dollars that's about one third less than the price was conventional building and
there are more advantages you get very very good in indoor air quality. the walls are turmel insulative the regulator room temperature termites cannot eat it up as proof due to the monolithic structure of the wall it hasn't got any mortar joints in them so when there's an egg recall that the ground shakes you don't get them collapsing and the fact that they can stand up better to earthquakes isn't the only plus these buildings help save electricity the building full school you don't even see even if you did you know those words of the i mean it's not just going to be minimal health to. sustain them by a moment to. reduce our carbon prints. the company's business is booming but a sin and have business partner given back to society is well ok thank you are good
to go we actually train the local people how to do construction so when we leave they also have a skill that they can use a bit of the include anything and also. if we need to get some more workers in last minute then we can always call people from the villages to come and help us of construction work. with construction cost and thirty percent less than conventional building techniques and creating a host of new jobs to hire hertha's helping to lay the foundations for a brighter future. sometimes it's hard to convince people of the need for environmental protection but would almost all cars come up with a unique way of making children and teens more away of the dangers posed by climate change and the need for conserving bin vironment he creates superhero comic books that address the topic well finds it worrying that most zambians think that climate
change is a problem affecting others all reports are met up with him in the german city of berlin. is the. reason it's. considering the fact that the reading code to him for years really really bad people just don't really read books and sue if you would give somebody a book with pictures in it i think it sparks their interest trying to create value it's not just about entertainment alone where can you see people. in the. street the majority of zambians think climate change is a foreign problem you know they really don't see that they get affected really easy
when you talk about. so i believe. easily guided because i mean if you read something and it showed. literally the next generation and the future generations come up to them and that's why i feel like it's important to educate and what better way than literature. i think a go. brings a different thing to the table if you know books for example you see that many superhero as a male and this is conversations i keep going around even with the team should he make more female character what does this mean what does that. stand for and if you follow my book you start to see that this character is not perfect life is miserable and she rises above all of that to save the world and fight climate change. is a perfect way of getting
a message through. his big day versus it doesn't matter whether you make music it doesn't matter with the draw or make comics. so the idea is to visit these schools first have simple question is for the kids after a few months go back to the schools the question is to see if the children actually learn from the climate change and just the question is itself for most of creating the stuff like challenges for example we have a plan to teach alan's it's more or less just about dialogue and being interactive and the comic books are just supposed to help us get that day. and so there's going to be a whole lot more coming next but i think people are already talking about it people are receiving warmly they love it and i believe it's going to reveal.
in our next reports well here about another way of getting young people interested in conservation a school in berlin has a lot of biodiversity so it's curricula what do you think they learn there in well felicia they're learning how species inhabited i danger and what can be done to protect them but they don't just talk about it in the biology class who finds we see include aspects of biodiversity in every subject it requires a lot of effort on the part of the teachers the pupils and the parents hopefully it would inspire others to do the same. summer vacation is over it's back to school. and the first lesson is taking place out in the school garden. for these berlin students spades and pruning shears or is important for school clothes books and pans. i found one for mother's schools might do other kinds of things but
here we've got our garden on the farm and the animals it's really something special . plants and animals are an integral part of their education here the kids learn how an eco system functions. like garden waste lands next door at the school's farm yard. the forum has a number of residents including ducks pigs and chickens. and then there is little the mule and the pony they graze in the schools former sports field . they're done lands on a compost heap and becomes the fertilizer that can be used for the next generation of plants. the school is gradually becoming surrounded with greenery the main building is pretty bare outside the playground out front as well but not for much longer the concrete is about to be turned into
a better breeds like this part of the grounds. the green ideas are all part of a conscious move by the school to encourage biological diversity when germany launched their national strategy on biological diversity back in two thousand and seven the schools teachers got together and thought about ways to anchor the idea in the lessons biological diversity now has a fixed place in the curriculum. teach the same subjects as other schools we have art physics sports foreign languages. but we've also incorporated biological diversity into the school curriculum and as far as i know we're the only school in germany that does not have. the star sat down and thought about what we need to do about the current situation in society and what we want to teach our students and they came up with their own curriculum. in the economics work and technology
class students build wooden frames for the raised garden beds in math they measure and plan the bads they also grow specific plants that can be used in chemistry lessons and they learn how to turn some of the things that grow into products like herb vinegar or jam. but it's not just about practical skills they also learn about the advantages of diversity take the three sisters for instance that's the traditional name given to a mixed bag of squash corn and climbing beans the plants are growing together because they compliment each other so well. that is just. what the students get to see how planting a mixture of crops is much better for the environment and is also good for a healthy balanced diet. you know especially and then they begin to understand that the farming sector generally needs to move away from the extreme forms of monoculture we've seen and begin growing
a wider crop mix so we are commissioned. before everyone goes home the goats have to be fed. there are keepers who tend to be animals but the students like to do it themselves if they're able. and here biological diversity is a year round subject. in winter when mostly indoors in the workshop this year we've built a beehive and an insect hotel. and there's always stuff to do like clearing out the animal boxes cleaning the yard giving the animal straw and hey it's definitely more fun than sitting behind a desk in class. the ducks and chickens would agree the students and teachers are proud that their unique lesson plan has won them international recognition and they're now an officially designated european eco school.
from schoolkids striving to protect the environment in germany for young student in tanzania still sugawara was so fred up with used clothing that he developed a new business model he gives a second hand clothes a second life by turning them into completely new items and he's certainly doing his bit for the environment. and dar es salaam tanzania up to ten million tons of textiles are thrown away and he with. the textiles are dumped in landfills. meaning they can harm the environment that's because many clothes are produced with toxic chemicals. she says cycle while
a collectors used clothes from his neighborhood. his tanzanian company remedy recycles used textiles. his team produces bags tissue holders and jackets. to give the products a colorful look they had look to keep tainted textiles. the twenty one year old entrepreneur employs five tailors. his aim is to have each of them make fifty bags a week. bags cost between nine and eleven euro's cecil wants to reshape the textile industry in tanzania. like them. if you're also doing your tell us about. this it on our website or send us
a tweet. during your big week sharing your story. hey felicia how many pencils do you think you've already used up in your life to be honest i've never bothered to come out but i'm sure it's a lot right. well and you wouldn't believe it more than fourteen billion pencils are produced worldwide every year that's a lot of trees and it has a major impact on the environment so kenyans come up with a clever idea they produce pens and pencils made out of recycled paper let's find out how all this magic works. businessman anthony kirori his local supply is he often comes to pick up the old newspapers this time it's nearly three hundred fifty kilograms he pays about sixty three years for his factory.
about thirty kilometers outside the kenyan capital nairobi and city founded his company green pencils on his family's land along with an old friend ivan chang their ecologically friendly pencil business is a job creator and doesn't require more trees to be cut down most conventional pencils are made from the wood of only. i think most. of the yes. but not. a lot of sense it took the true and electrical engineer about five years to develop the right formula for recycled paper pencil anthony came up with the concept when he worked as a waste collector. and the factory cut up sheets of newspaper glued around graphite sticks then a machine rose them up tightly creating the basic on
a door in pencil. the exact technique for finishing the newspaper pencil is a company secret only the factory manager and her bosses know it. the partners themselves come to the factory each week to do the finishing work that anthony's part i've been a chang is in charge of marketing and legal issues. there's a lot of disregard for intellectual property in africa especially and in some parts of asia so we have to guard our secret because if we don't. tomorrow somebody else will do the same thing i'm not i'm the man behind the mama. over the last five years orders have been continually creasing last year the company's sales amounted to around one hundred thirty thousand. schools and companies are the biggest customers during peak season the company employs fifty people to produce powerful million pencils in the quiete months work is still small but censored
in kenya ethiopia friendly pencil the figures as they stand slowly about one hundred and fifty million pass with a imported into the country so you can imagine if we only attain party percent of the market there's enough for everyone right here kenya's government agencies import about ten million pencils each yeah anthony hopes to convince the government to consider using their recycled products i want to get into politics. and i put it that i make it and once i make it my main task will be. i did agree. to go and fight for the green spears within government such that connect and be one of the role models for the region within the east africa region and maybe even africa concern for the
environment is something that true and to share aizen runs other businesses too but he says green pencils is closest to his heart this is the only planet that i know i can survive in so my so small contribution is good enough because it was perception everybody sits back and imagine or somebody else is going to say. this planet if you were me heading back to nuoro be the business partner stop it's am called a successful kenyan sausage to personally make the first and you read that. from now on solar energy company will be enhancing its green creds with green pencils. so that's a lot of the story thank you very much for joining us i'll have learned or at least experienced something new i'm finished and as we're saying goodbye for now from johannesburg. i know it's also time for me in now type way to say farewell
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