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tv   Close up - The Sun King of Morocco  Deutsche Welle  January 14, 2019 8:15pm-8:45pm CET

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news live from berlin i'll be back at the top of the hour with more world news followed by the day i have to see if. we make up over a week what does all of the under budget hikes we are the civil service or. the want to shape the continent's future should be part of it and join our cause they share their stories their dreams and their challenge the seventy seven percent platform for africa. from the mood.
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of the recent heavy rainfall is left this mountain road blocked with rubble. it's. called a good job but look over there you know you make a farmhouse clear the way the market is telling you drive bay is anxious to get moving he's already meant to be in the nearby village installing solar power instead he's stuck here. so. it's always like this you never know what might happen sometimes there's no getting through and you have to take donkeys. b.m.p. . lucky for him some are available the mountain families are determined to make sure the engineer reaches their village the solar technology brings with him has the potential to transform their lives.
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that we have. programs out there for the people living in the high of just mountains joad is a modern kind of sun king. you know. continuing on foot for an hour with the small caravan we just had to that. everyone has been expecting that. the roku still home to remote mountain communities with time seems to have stood still. in recent years the country has made great strides especially in providing electricity to all its citizens. but it hasn't reached quite everywhere
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yet. so. we just arrived at have a look around you got nothing here no electricity no water no telephones we're getting straight to work. here and his assistant install solar panels on the roof of the local home while the family watches closely from. the system will cost them around four hundred. because the whole goal of the book. so it uses a compass to determine the best placement for the solar cell it should face south.
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the next step is to wire up the model it's a rudimentary makeshift setup but it works. well. so it connects the model to a battery now it can be charged. time for a break and a cup of tea. the result of speaking with the locals gets to know a different side of morocco side with extreme poverty and meager prospects especially for the younger generation of us just as. here it's easy to see why so many have left in search of a better future amongst other places in europe. oh dear and i know it's hard to find work in this region. and sometimes there are jobs sometimes there aren't. as soon as i get a chance i'm outta here. we
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live in dismal conditions here we have no roads no electricity. that's why we have to buy candles. but they're expensive too will you hopefully that'll change now that we have solar energy that. to me to me and. the little they do possess or a few corn fields subsistence farming living from hand to mouth off their harvest also has to see them through the winter when they're stuck indoors for weeks on end. is there any living from the sefer on they grow here one gram of the precious spice can fetch up to one euro. that's how ben saeed's family was able to fund the solar system.
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which by now is almost ready. after laying a line from the battery to the living room it's time to flick the switch. over. it's an exciting moment for the whole family for the first time ever their modest home has bright artificial light. this is great before i couldn't see anything at night sometimes there'd be a cockroach in the hut we're so happy like the fox. did you can't imagine how good it makes you feel when these people suddenly have light all i can say is mission accomplished and resume.
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the next morning the technicians proceed to the next home where they'll be installing another solar module. and it's not. famine lasts an i.e.d. shows the currency he'll be paying in front of course. he's grateful to. thanks today nations from large companies job is able to install solar panels here at a lower cost than usual. the installation is relatively straightforward and goes quickly enough what's tricky is maintaining the system and ensuring a long battery life span but it's all worth it for this one moment. fantastic lassen i exclaimed that's simply unbelievable.
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that's as delighted as the film is shown believes the moroccan government should be doing more for its citizens in these remote areas. there are no subsidies there's actually a twenty percent tax on each new panel we buy. i hope the state will lower that tax one day and do more to ensure that poor people can also access this energy. despite the initial difficulties getting their. trip to the mountain village was a success. now it's time to head home so he sets off on his long descent to where is. awaiting us there is a solar power facility he promises will leave us truly amazed.
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that is a major have in the south of morocco and just a few hours from the sahara desert. the provincial capital is famed for its impressive to real it can span. the citadel envelop in clay walls was built by the elder weak clan who ruled southern morocco in colonial times the. little firm is based in whereas says that's new town area here is where he set up his solar business. moroccan is blessed with three thousand hours of sun a year a natural resource in abundance supply. the twenty eight year old technician now has four employees the sector is booming. that's also thanks to how heavily the moroccan state has been investing in renewable energy of late. where is is that is no home to one of the world's largest
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solar power farms some things though it is proud of. it has become something like the world's solar energy capital. it's an excellent project. and of course it's helping make renewables and solar power in particular more popular in morocco. you know. the power plant is colossal even from across the city you can see the teller at the center of the newark facility arabic for light. with very few field deposits of its own morocco currently imports around ninety percent of the energy it needs so the country is keen on investing in large renewable projects like this one. lined in rows across the massive complex are seven and a half thousand mira's that capture the sun's rays. they all
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redirect the light to the top of the tele we teats up to temperatures over one thousand degrees celsius. morocco has no fossil fuel resources and our energy consumption is growing. that's why the government decided that the ideal solution was renewable energy made with sun wind and water. today the plant direct is talking to one of the project's major partners. from the german development bank a f w. it's the project's biggest creditor providing over eight hundred million euros morocco would have struggled to finance the solar farm on its own. german money german technology. this is where the solar power harnessed is used to heat up water with synthetic oil
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the resulting steam is channeled to drive a turbine also from germany. once fully operational this plant will be able to supply electricity to two million people and help iraq has shed its dependency on imports. this is a guns business believe this project is unique in terms of scale there is no comparable facility not just america or africa but in the whole world was on his plate it's also special because it brings together a range of technologies and because solar thermal technology is indeed standing in an energy revolution and. a revolution initiated by this man king mohammed the sixth the royal family's very own son king. in keeping with his wishes morocco will soon be harvesting forty percent of its electricity from solar and wind power making the country
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a pioneer in africa. the solar farm where says that also boasts over half a million parabolic curved mirrors the technology is expensive but morocco's authorities are convinced the transition will pay off in the long term. meanwhile showed is back on the road in the high atlas mountains. today he's traveling to ten months to service solem audios there. the village is part of the nationwide green mosques program the idea is to use solar power generators for mosques to generate their own electricity. if everyone goes to the mosque. yes men women children. if you think about
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how many mosques we have here. the ideal place to sensitize the country to everything solar energy that has to offer. and i was there for. the midday call to prayer. oh. a few years ago the villagers rallied to build this new place of worship the green must. warm. the. sixteen solar panels adorn the rooftop. they've been running without any hitches as road can confirm to the village leader upon inspection.
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with that the most needn't rely on the regular power grid for its energy. to further spread the idea the green musk's program also includes specially claude tickle training for the in mom's. water project has completely changed life in the village i know that women can study in the evening and pray during ramadan we're all involved and that's why we are so proud of this project. being energy self-sufficient the mosque has become a gathering place for other activities as well. here villagers can meet for a cup of tea or attend special courses. these women are learning to read and write for the first time in their lives. what the residents of tad munt built their mosque as environmentally friendly as possible energy saving insulation and l.e.d.
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lights included. is one of the women attending the literacy classes she shows us the conditions she lives in the poverty and squalor here stand in stark contrast to the green mosques maternity. there is electricity available in ted mount but it's expensive and this. country has a pay as you go card to turn on the meter whenever she really needs power. the one light she hers she installed above her cow and calf that's all of her worldly possessions. not going to the door when it least i can use the card to switch on the fridge now and then or watch t.v. but the most important thing is that i can see my animals. for bella barry many since for all of us. the plan is to green up hundreds of
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mosques all around the country and boost environmental awareness at the very place villages gather. the german development organization g.i. said is also on the ground here. they have been providing support and training to the villages especially with constructing the mosque. geos said expects the program will also create new jobs. in the mortgage payment of the coming soon about couples from doing it's all about combining local manpower and resources money from morocco and planning and training from our side and that's our part to be here to know that for this green mosque here we trained thirty people not from we have already completed one hundred projects like this one and we have another thousand planned. mosques and solar power so far a winning combination. and a ray of hope for morocco's remote rural regions.
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was to show much avi and his brother abdel aziz also have high hopes for a solar project in the area. they'll show us that later now they're on their way to their current distinctly hazardous work place the mines of me dealt. in the one nine hundred thirty s. the french built this complex to house work is the lead mine was shot in the one nine hundred seventy s. all that's left is a ghost town. now like many others in the area the brothers explore the abandoned tunnels in search of lead and minerals. they know that accidents are common in these tunnels. some fatal.
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or choice do we have. a choice i would have gone to school and studied. what i could. so we did the same thing our parents started working underground. and. it's a tough job clawing the metal out of the rock in tight spaces surrounded by toxic dust. if they're lucky they'll find some barite overnight a night the middel region is known for its valuable minerals. the brothers live in me blood in a rundown mining settlement the only prospects awaiting those who grow up here involve the backbreaking work in the mines. it's this widespread poverty in rural areas that's driven many young people to the cities. thirty year old up tisha much
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made it as far as europe where he tried to sell minerals in france and germany and failed. now there's fresh hope plans are underway for a huge solar farm in the me delta region and it's set to bring new jobs with it. i sent off my application as soon as i heard about it just like everyone else would be a lot of course i'd love to earn money. so far they've only been putting us off from one year to the next. that. i have to share mad shows that's the place that's giving local people the chance to dream. this is where the new solar power plant is being built. it's designed to be even bigger than the one in where says that. we could use the markets and.
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a job at a company like that would be great plus with a regular salary to. apply for those get there it would help us so much. that. we could set up a small family business. so i could finally support my sister and my brother. so they can go to college. there are so. that he's still skeptical you need the right connections to get hired he says. many people in the region believe they've got a shot at landing a job here. the construction phase alone will require several thousand jobs. applications are piling up in the provincial governor's office. maracas energy transition is ambitious it's a total of five large scale solar farms like the one in middel ought to be built in
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just a few years that kind of undertaking only works when one person makes the decisions in morocco it's king mohammed the six. ok. just outside the building side dishes meets with nomads who have settled here. for the well they have heard of the solar farm they've yet to receive any official notification they still don't know if or when they might have to pack up and leave many questions remain unanswered it. would be pretty. compensating the people who live here. at least after offer us enough money to rebuild our homes elsewhere. and so while some look forward to the project with grace expectations others can only worry for
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the future the two brothers hope they'll find work at the solar farm but for the time being they must continue searching for minerals in the old mines it's the only source of income they have right now. encounters morocco's rural poverty all the time when he's out installing solar modules. stop takes him to the desert of the target province for this sound. sudden tarantula downpours have flooded the local road. to outsiders the provincial capital looks like a frontier town surrounded by mountains and desert. it
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is here to host a seminar on solar power. has come on behalf of the g.i. said german development organization. because. he wants to convince local farmers of the benefits the new technology brings. after all morocco is rich in one resource which is also cheap to harvest the sun is. going to have a little less because knowing that king mohammed backs the technology he can be a vital argument here. he doesn't he's young he's most farmers still work with butane gas. some of them do realize they need to switch to solar energy. but they're discouraged by the high installation costs. but i believe we'll be able to win them over. for my sims. to back up
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his arguments he conducts a practical presentation outside and shows the farmers just how easy it is to operate a solar powered water pump. that many here have come from far away but they seem impressed with. the work of the i'd love to have one of those systems. so we still use a gas powered motor but it's expensive and often doesn't work when the military and . i have seen a lot of things today that were new to me well i'd love to be able to buy one of those pumps and they cost a lot of money but i can give a shit on the constable stuff to move on. to the same good hits the road again or he's visiting one of the farm is in the
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palm gardens of tartar. and all of my homage to marines riches lie in his vast plantation of de pounds and yeah the trees are relatively easy to maintain that's absolutely dependent on two things heat and plenty of water. and that's where it comes in like. workers must climb up the trees to pick the fruit they can grow up to thirty metres high. each panel can yield up to one hundred kilos per harvest the number. of the floodway. but that means keeping the pond supplied with enough water which is why boomer remain is interested in show its work. its only.
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till now we've been using diesel exhaust motors to pump the water that's been pretty expensive. before you go to a solar powered water pump the long term financial gains for us would be much higher. if someone has a reservoir on the edge of the oasis thanks to the recent rainfall it's all filled up. but. this is where joe it will be showcasing his pump. it takes no time at all to set up the false. together they'll generate about one kilowatt have power enough to pump groundwater to the surface from a depth of twenty me to see you. get a good mother it was known that the farmer is hesitant about the price of this large solar powered pump with customers around three thousand.
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doubtless there are a lot of confidence. that finally everything is hooked up time to see what it's got . is right when this is still the pump is working smoothly and the water is gushing out of the thermal decides it's a worthwhile investment of. once again the engineer highlights the advantages of this technology. on the it's about energy consumption is enormous in the farming sector as solar energy can reduce costs considerably in the long term you know i personally i always enjoy seeing how happy it makes people who live in the floors see i'm going to not. just sun in the skies above a previously untapped resource that is making the rocco's remarkable energy revolution
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possible from the high atlas mountains to the go away season of the day said to. me. the fast pace of life in the digital shift has the lowdown on the web showing new developments and providing useful information the witty useful. and interviews with the makers and users. should next d.w. . a muse alice to just let see belongs to us it's a call to shake us up to this concept so i bought the first plane
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