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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  January 17, 2019 11:02pm-11:30pm CET

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drama inside parliament it may not surprise you that a new poll shows support for remaining in the european union at its highest level since the braggs at referendum in two thousand and sixteen but those numbers are not changing the calculus for e.u. leaders from finland to portugal from belgium to bulgaria the european union is now bracing for a british brecht's it cracks i'm bored golf in berlin this is the day. to decide the time to take the games is now over this you will have taken the decision to trigger the plan related to. greg's it. all of this it all but we none that hog breaks it will hurt us all. the citizens of great britain and all the knobs that's built on. the main here is ready to offer solutions to all citizens who are working
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on studying in the u.k. home for cities not conceivable that the agreement will be renegotiated. portugal has approved a plan to ensure greater security for british citizens in portugal and alice citizens in the u.k. . the ball is now in britain's court this with time. also coming up tonight an exclusive interview with the head of human rights watch kenneth roth will tell me why the human rights hopes of the entire world are nel securely partly in german here it's well you know germany did just join the u.n. security council seat that they sought and we are looking to germany to play a leadership role there again because that the traditional major powers they are are not doing what they should. well to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and to our viewers around the world welcome we begin the day
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planning for the day that is not supposed to ever come the day when britain leaves the european union with no deal in hand the rights it crash of march twenty nine are in the span of just two days this week the british parliament rejected the only bright set withdrawal plan that exists and almost voted the government and prime minister to resign may out of power in protest when now the wounded and weakened to resign may has until january twenty ninth to win parliamentary approval of her breaks it plan b. well the european union it continues to signal its willingness to help to reset may but it remains firm there will be no new negotiations no new brakes deal in for the twenty seven in you countries who are not leaving the club it's now all about damage control and preparing for the worst. from berlin to lisbon the
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words of european officials and leaders betray growing nervousness time is running out for an orderly perks it. was meant oh that's why we have to say clearly to london sights the time for petty games is now over. the ball is now in britain's coat tightened in the once and that's why we can only call out british colleagues. even press it demonstrated your sense of black humor in recent days it's that now we are counting on your legendary pragmatism and sense of reality. in paris prime minister edward felipe announced a fifty million euro investment plan to prepare french ports and airports for the worst. referring to tuesday's vote in the british parliament he said. the whole ability we can regret this defeat will rejoice about it in any case what's clear is that the prospect of
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a no deal bricks it is becoming more likely by the day. portugal's government to announced contingency plans for a no deal break set but prime minister antonio custer warned that that was the worst solution and said it was urgent for british authorities to take the necessary steps to reach a good deal by march twenty ninth. that is the use chief negotiator . devoted to the clock is ticking on. this serious moment we must remain lucetta. she stays though to reinforce is a risk of an exit without an agreement. i don't know do you. and that is not the option that we are working for. in the name of the e.u. and with the confidence of european leaders and the parliament i remain determined to work for an agreement to organize an orderly exit but that risk does exist. the
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risk is highest for britain government ministers meeting at ten downing street in london know that europe is waiting for their next move over more on this broken brags that i am joined tonight by our brussels correspondent georg boxes and from the university of edinburgh was professor hall there as are barron's has been advising the german parliament on the legal implications of breaks it for the e.u. states gentlemen it's good to have you on the show this evening georg i want to start with you bring us up to date on what the european union is doing now and knowing that the break it agreed to with theresa may is a good deal. i'm a friend fred brand my feeling is that the officials in brussels at least at the european institutions have decided to sit tight rather frustrated observing what
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london is doing and some here say rightly so they have worked hard they've bend over backwards they've provided compromises and they've provided a very good divorce deal that took into respect a lot of the wishes and that's the reason may has brought us to brussels and renew return they got uncertainty in return they've got the disastrous situation we have now and in return they were forced to absorb the political infighting that only made matters was including yesterday they were has there been any word you know official or nonofficial regarding the u.k. requesting a delay in breaks it beyond march twenty ninth there's been some speculation here whether that may happen and even fact what i have heard is that the e.u. prepares for such a scenario a couple of weeks was always clear wouldn't be
quote
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a problem only to avoid an accidental brax it then in recent weeks one prepared for a couple of months but any further than that would endangered the european parliament elections that are coming so midsummer is the deadline i could see that bracks it could be the late. professor the situation that the u.k. and the e.u. are in now or did you discuss this very situation with german lawmakers this week when you met with them i mean what did you advise them to do. yes that was one of the questions that turned up and this is because they've been interested that was the european union committee off the parliament attend a hearing on monday event trusted basically into situations one of them is a preface it with the in the broad agreement of the terms of the agreement this is this huge four hundred eighty five page document that the e.u. and the u.k. negotiated and the other one personality of bracks and the interesting point was
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that under the note of rex that there was one of the expert the nine experts that were questioned by the committee one of the experts said well this might be quite a good sit development for the u.k. we don't actually have anything to fear we can always rely on other rules that exist in public international law to catch this particular situation i don't think the other experts agreed with that what we will face if it comes to you know he directs it on the economic level is a dark suit is a trading relationship on w t o terms which is quite difficult for the united kingdom because it means for instance that very many goods that are transferred into the european union with a check very high tariffs as well so the goods that are potentially important for instance cost because you have to in them is a very strong current history will attract some ten percent of terrace and many.
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stuffs will attract areas that are roughly in the same area ok so this is yeah i was going to ask you professor you say that breaks it in any form is not just a fair brittanie i think if i can quote you everyone will be i'm impacted by breaks in what has to be done in the european union to protect british citizens living in working here and vice versa. yes that is a. very important point here the withdrawal agreement which was much better than its reputation did have a pot dedicated to the rights of e.u. citizens or allowed them to stay in the united kingdom. and it protected them from discrimination at work for instance at
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a lot for certain rights concerning social security and so forth it was by no means perfect he meant and i would take issue with the view but all of certainty was removed under the store agreement the problem is that the fountain and install agreement all of the rights of e.u. citizens living in the u.k. are really up for grabs the united kingdom has said that they would protect these rights under certain legal institute that they call the settled status that means if you are in the country for five years you do gain the right to permanent residence you can accumulate the five years as well however this is then done entirely under british law which can be changed very easy that will be no under. that there will be no international supervision the knows where luzhin by the european court of justice and that is one of the main concerns that you have and in a no deal breaks it i understand the situation for students in the u.k.
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it that will become precarious over night why is that so. yes indeed perhaps hopefully not overnight because the government has agreed to an all of the the united kingdom government has agreed to allow the current situation to continue for a while the situation the difficulties come in. that's a concern which is a big matter. varies considerably from the depending on the particular nation. that you're talking about so in scotland they're not wishing trees fall students that are below the age of twenty five in general or in england you might end up with tradition trees of more than one thousand pounds a year so that is that is if the conservation if there isn't really bricks that european students would have to pay the piece for international students which are very much. of guns and so forth that is one of the difficulties ok.
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i'm sorry there's a little delay here professor i'm sorry for interrupting you there but let me take this moment now let me ask you and give your take a listen to what theresa may and labor leader jeremy corbyn what they both had to say yesterday i believe it is my duty to deliver on the british people's instruction to leave the european union and i intend to do. so now m.p.'s have made clear what they don't want we must all work constructively together to set out what parliament does want it's play on a new deal is now finished. no question of tweaks or sweetness from brussels to bring it back to life the deal that she brought back all the five hundred plus pages of it is quite clearly that. all right so considering how
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hard both of these fronts become let me let me ask both of you is a second referendum is it now more likely in georg or let you go first i think overall it has become a little more likely although i would say it's still an unlikely option i see the biggest pressure here on the labor party because it depends when jeremy cotton will decide to stop playing political games and when those in the labor party that are massively in favor of such a say second referendum well it will gain momentum but actually me tell you this brand i think it should be called a third referendum i've brought you something that i found in my debts attic it's the complaint they perform prime minister british prime minister harold wilson from the one thousand nine hundred seventy five referendum on the european community as the european union was called back then and i just want to read you one sentence from his final conclusion it says whether we are in the market or not to come and
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market policies are going to affect the lives of every family in the country inside the markets we can play a major part in this siting these policies outside the market we are on our own and it's it's amazing i read through the entire script it's i would say seventy five percent of it still rings true today yeah it's fascinating i saw that today on twitter but when you put it online fascinating to how something so similar to one nine hundred seventy four can today can be interpreted so differently by politicians professor burns let me ask you a second referendum to save us all from a break sit bus do you think that's likely. i would say if you had asked me about half a year ago i would have been quite careful in my arms and i would have said it is it is not moderate likely at all since then things have moved considerably we have seen that the forty eight percent of the the people the test voted for remaining in
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the european union has not gone away a test or a refused to be silenced we have seen huge demonstrations in london the last one one of the of the largest demonstrations that have ever taken place in british history in the british capital. globe a very hot for a second referendum for people's vote and and partly of you have seen that the political establishment is moving a little bit they have seen some movement something a movement in the neighborhood or the labor party is now committed to a people's vote as one of the possibilities if the if the vote of no confidence we have to be rejected and you have seen in the conservative party more and more people coming forward i think looting former ministers cabinet ministers of tourism race who are coming forward and saying this is really the only of a whole bunch and they do have a point because as you say if parliament was blocked who else is going to provide a solution except the people themselves yeah that's a that's
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a very good points and as someone pointed out earlier this week it just reveals the dangers of direct democracy when you use a referendum to enact legislation or brussels correspondent mottos and from the university of edinburgh law professor paul barron's to both of you thank you very much for joining us tonight on much. well your preoccupation with bricks is just one reason why the usual powers who stand for and defend human rights well they seem to be missing in action that is just one of the conclusions offered in human rights watch is annual report which was officially presented today here in berlin. stories like that of the alleged murder of journalists by the saudi arabian government may make you think that autocrats and human rights violations are increasingly becoming the norm. but human
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rights watch is actually optimistic despite both the united states and britain withdrawing from their traditional leading role in defending democracy and civil rights the advocacy groups annual report says countries like germany are quote pushing back as the u.s. and the u.k. have retreated from the state of meaningful human rights respecting foreign policy germany has started to fill the gap it's not enough and we want to germany to do much more but we have seen that germany has tried to size it openly and loudly the president of turkey the presence of china and trump of course. another good example is germany's response to saudi arabia's human rights violations shocked by the brutality of the killing the german government suspended the sales of arms to the kingdom and expelled some saudi diplomats the us took no such measures to distance
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itself from the saudi arabian regime. well after his press conference here in berlin the executive director of human rights watch can if roth he paid a visit to us at the headquarters of news right here and i spoke with him about the state of human rights in the world and why there is plenty of reason to be optimistic. it is good to see you again good to be here i noticed today at the press conference the message you have the headlight message was a positive one you said that there is this trend of countries people working against all recruits where do you see that well you know i think when you read the headlines you autocrats capture the headlines and say i think it's all bad names but when we went back and reviewed the past year the real news for us was the resistance the autocrats were spawning this pushback that has been quite powerful and has won a large number of battles and not only in easy places but in tough places like
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syria yemen myanmar with respect to the rohingya and so you know in each of those cases we saw groups of governments come together and exert real pressure in defense of human rights and the other place we saw people take to the streets for example in poland hungary you got a large demonstrations that in the case of poland particular action move the government in the case of hungry it's got the government you know pulling back what's known you saw voters ousting corrupt autocrats inhalation in armenia the multi popular pressure leading to a reformist prime minister in ethiopia but you know the it was in kind of multilateral settings like the un where we saw unusual combinations of governments coming together because of the traditional leadership the u.s. u.k. france were there i would be going to say but libya a little bit on syria where do you see anything positive there considering that the civil war is practically over or shows on it still in power he's won the war that
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cannot be a victory for human rights at all well i actually think syria is the site of the human rights move to save the most lives in the last year and it's because the last anti-government enclave italy a province in the northwest worth three million civilians were living today it was facing an onslaught by syrian russian forces and they were going to proceed they way they always do indiscriminately bombing civilians we would have had a massacre in. bloodbath and so chancellor merkel and a number of other governments put pressure on prudent without whose forces syria could not proceed and said putin you've got to stop this you are responsible for these lives and he did he agreed to a ceasefire in september that his health to this day and turkish forces have now been arrayed around inlaid to try to form a protective barrier but that was huge and that was done really through european pressure on putin that you mentioned the german chancellor angela merkel you decided to have your press conference to announce this year's report the funnies
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here in berlin and there was a reason for that there was and that is you know partly when we look at you know who are the human rights leaders today snap the usual suspects you know trump is too busy embracing autocrats who he sees as family and britain is utterly preoccupied by breck's that french president talks a good game but often doesn't implement it and it turns out the germany played perhaps the most important role not only in syria as i just mentioned but also in hungary and in in getting the european parliament to begin a sanctions process against orbán for a so-called illiberal democracy in the case of the saudis in the war crimes are committing in yemen stopping german arms sales to saudi arabia but we don't we don't hear that news very often is that part of germany's street or is that sort of not wanting to take the responsibility that you say that they should have to but they do have well you know germany did just join the u.n. security council seat that they sought and we are looking to germany to play
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a leadership role there again because the traditional major powers they are are not doing what they should and so just as an example you know the security council traditionally every december reports on human rights in north korea they have a session on that and this year didn't happen trump was too busy focusing on other things so now germany has just joined in in january it's not too late and we hope that germany will take the lead to make sure that this special. north korea happened for you calling for were reforms at the u.n. are you calling for germany to have more power more authority more responsibility at the un well i mean you know some people talk about major reform of the security council i mean that's a long term endeavor but you know even given the structure now germany has a very important role to play in all it takes is nine of the fifteen members to have a session about something to happen you know an important discussion and germany can make that happen by building a coalition so we see you know say in a place like me on mars where the british ship tended to take the lead but are much
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too deferential on some sushi and we need somebody to come in there be tough and recognize that has become the principal public relations defender of the burmese army and that we need somebody to exert pressure on that government to make it safe for the injured return home the human rights champion germany are you talking about the political system of the country or are you talking about the country that's a live boy going to america well i mean obviously americal has announced that you know her time is coming to an end i have to say that it's not just merkel hey come on the new foreign minister has been very human rights family the you know chancellor designate the likely future leader a cave you know we don't really know where she stands on a lot of these things but i hope that the commitment to human rights runs much more deeply than just the chancellor and certainly our dealings with other members of the foreign ministry in the bureaucracy suggest that indeed there are many people who are committed to pursuing that tradition into the future to have rules we
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appreciate you taking times over this thank you you thank. the u.s. government shutdown is now the longest in american history for weeks and counting and tempers are getting shorter by the minute yesterday the speaker of the u.s. house nancy pelosi citing the shutdown used her authority to call off the president's state of the union address adding he's welcome to send the speech to congress and a letter instead would today in a tit for tat drum the president citing the shutdown used his authority to ground military planes used by members of congress to travel that means pelosi won't be going to afghanistan as planned mr trump did and that ms pelosi can always get to kabul with a commercial airline instead there's been reaction on social media from house republican whip steves police who wrote that post his decision makes clear that we
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already know democrats are only interested in obstructing donald trump not governing other republicans are coming up with their own work arounds like kentucky senator rand paul senator mcconnell is in charge of the senate if ms pelosi refuses to allow the president to deliver the state of the union in the house i propose we move it to the senate and make it happen but democrats like california congressman eric swalwell are standing by palosi the state of the union drains considerable resources from law enforcement officials who already are not getting paid if donald trump wants forty five minutes at the capitol he can go see speaker pelosi and work to reopen the government. all right the day is nearly done we'll see you tomorrow everybody.
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on the road point zero max europe's most populous countries to visit. sky go for the gusto and know some sand in soft. soft. i'm treasures i'm conscious and histories. of the cause of europe every day this week on the romance on asked on g.w. . take it personally with the wonderful people and
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stories that made the game so special by doing. sixty minutes. i think is everything challenging first on how to make a muslim. so much different culture between here and there some are challenging for empathy. some of the same i think it was worth it for me to come to germany.
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childless got my license to work as a swimming instructor. and now our two children nothing else just random stuff just to show them. what's your story take part share it on info migrants' dot net. they're welcome to another your max special with this week which warring the top tourist destinations in europe today we had to spain for the following reports.

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