tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle January 22, 2019 9:30pm-10:00pm CET
hundred years ago be sure. to cut all the people signs with shaping signs. with ideas. powerhouse world this week on t w. in a world seemingly obsessed with the british brits that divorce from europe tonight a story of european friendship that lasts the leaders of germany and france today renewing their country's val's to help and support each other a sincere gesture between two friends or a necessary response to those who see europe more like an enemy. berlin this is the day.
you can feel what it was that it was between france and germany set the world on fire. it was our duty to put an end to such conflict once and for all and we hope. we can often enough with this treaty we renew cooperation between our two nations. we love our friendship and that which unites us print we love your family all under the populism and nationalism are becoming stronger in all of our countries. and that's why we need a renewed commitment to our responsibility within the european union. speech and many. of our friendship i'm plumb believe you are me long live the franco german friendship. also coming up tonight the future of the global economy the future of humanity
those are the hot topics that are being discussed in the bitterly cold swiss alps at the world economic forum day one a call for climate action contrast it with a heavy dose of populism politics i'm sorry kelly in davos switzerland all that more coming right up. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and around the world welcome we begin the day with a reminder a main at the core of the post-war european project today in the western german city of austin the leaders of france and germany signed a treaty renewing and strengthening cooperation between their two countries now choosing today was no accident it was exactly fifty six years ago in one nine hundred sixty three when french president charles de gaulle and german chancellor conrad our signed a friendship pact officially ending what had been since the reason of hate between their two nations you know. you well there are difficulties the world.
and there will be resolved in one way or another. but here in this agreement. the period of strife and of corals and of war. and a period that has lasted for more than four hundred years is being brought to an end for an all time. well we can still hear of now words words today when german chancellor merkel warns that preserving the european union is the true guarantor against a war it is true the e.u. has by and large been one of history's most successful undertakings but if you're raising an eyebrow you're not alone even before brooks that there were populist voices from sweden to italy from france to poland attacking the european union accusing brussels of robbing states of their sovereignty accusing bureaucrats of using backroom deals to deny people of their rightful destinies in some countries
including right here in germany those accusations have hoisted the euro skeptic political parties into parliament a sobering fact and an important reason why france and germany renewed their friendship val's today. so they asked my list for the first time a country is leaving the european union great britain but around the world multilateralism is under threat whether it's cooperation on climate change world trade or the acceptance of international institutions like the united nations a lot of this will be ripped into europe you cannot survive disunity it would die. it's the task of france and germany to give europe the two lives that it needs and for defense and security secure migration climate change and managing the digital world. in unique.
and adama found isn't ladies and gentleman these are but a few examples of what we intend to do you know i think we've created a good framework with this treaty of. aba but we have to remember our work is not done. we must live this treaty day by day. talk to talk. the moment when to hold them in a civil action time when europe is threatened my nationalism growing inside it when our europe is being disrupted by painful bricks it thank you and when our europe is rocked by international changes france and germany must take responsibility and show the way.
well for more on today's signing of the treaty of and i'm joined here by our chief political correspondent belinda crane and to melinda's right is pascal t.-bo the germany correspondent for france internazionale to both of you welcome melinda let me start with you today signing it took place at the same time the u.k. is battling itself over bricks that is this treaty is an answer to brics that it's an answer to wrexham but not only to rex it is an answer to your own skepticism across the european union it's an answer to rising nationalism to populism it's an attempt to really press that famous restart button for the european union bearing in mind that that original treaty that you mention it was signed fifty six years ago really was the establishing foundation of a franco german partnership that became a real motor for what for further european integration but the european union today
is very different from what it was back then it's much larger it includes a number of eastern european countries so whether a franco german partnership can deliver the same kind of dynamic now i think is very much the question how does france see the meaning of today's. sun i think it's also in i think a symbol against. the strength of these populists polity a national entity is in europe we have in four months very important election in europe for the new york in parliament and probably with a stronger force is coming from the right wing parties and it's also a sign just at the moment when a kountry of the european union great britain is about to leave. european union at the moment where they are a lot of forces in the european union. criticizing quite strongly europe that there is also another muslim moralez that the two countries can have very
tense relations and. able to make proposals for the future of the european union you know you mentioned britain and its departure. it doesn't create an existential crisis for the e.u. but it does have major military consequences this take a listen to what georgians are going merrill said about that today i ended with the nuns we can mine them as part of our joint system of collective security we germany and france pledge in the event of an attack on our respective territories to give each other all the help and support we can. and that includes military assistance of youth. and i mean that reminded me a mediately of article five of the data treaty to do with attack on you was an attack on me is this treaty today is it about building that european or me that has
been talked about for so long it's a first step in that direction this is an area where germany finds it somewhat easier to compromise than on some of president might cause economic proposals and you talk about what is this responding to one of the things in this particular part respond. two is the sense that the old alliances of the postwar era including most especially the protection and partnership of the u.s. are no longer to be relied upon to the same extent so there is a real push for europe to take more responsibility for its own defense and for foreign policy and this contains this treaty contains a few small steps in that direction for example common military procurement very important that could really create cost gains efficiency gains so that something quite concrete that could be positive but this is only a first very small step and the fact is nato is still the absolute center of the action now would you say yeah i would say yes it's
a first step towards the european army i think the world would it's a word we we can easily use i think in france because we have quite different traditions. since the war than in germany but i think the amount of used to apply to cavil the last. day france and germany want to be more active to or to have common forces outside europe especially but also it's both been true. to devil of common industrial military programs because of cost aspects but we have very different traditions and that was probably a to do chapter in the treaty we. with the most with the most difficulties between paris berlin for example when you when you speak about exports of arms we have quite a different tradition to the last example one that was one of the last in the case
. when germany decided to stop our exports to saudi arabia. paris. and absolutely different decisions america to set up is a very good point. we have two leaders here who are not at the peak of their power popularity right now melinda does that matter it matters perhaps in slightly different way than you mean it matters in the sense that the president macro is really struggling at the moment there have been massive protests by french citizens who feel left behind the yellow vests as they're called and this is definitely the chancellor trying to reach out a helping hand she did her best today at the ceremony to make him look good the fact is she's reaching out that hand quite late he's had proposals on the table for cooperation toward european union reform since the fall of twenty seven quite a long time but that's that's her point of view and i think the other point is
she's looking at the history books now and she really wants this to be part of her legacy the european union european integration european stability is very very important to her so i would say yes it matters ok there were protesters there today people shelling resigned after merkel has left office it's going to be alone for a while yeah probably two years ago it was it was a country mile list we have we had a new rising star in europe with these young french leaders. now that eighteen months or two years later we see that he's in a very difficult situation of his proposals for europe couldn't be. couldn't become treats with the resistance of germany and merkel is. and the phase of his or probably but she's to the republic and afterwards after
a marital area yeah. to find your allies it's difficult where should eat find east europe probably not in the south. spain maybe grew. that it's it's something of course different than traditional agenda life but i think it would it would also work after malcolm ok our chief political correspondent in a crane and go with rodeo fronts it's not there now to both of you thank you thank you. british and broadcasting royalty were on stage today in davos switzerland at the world economic forum before a standing room only crowd the duke of cambridge interviewed veteran broadcaster sir david attenborough the topic of humanity's threat to the climate to the planet
and to itself david recently your opponent is very powerful to the un climate change conference that sort of how urgent is that crisis now. it's difficult to overstate it. we are now so numerous so awful so will prove a z. is the mechanisms that we have for destruction are so little so frightening that we can actually decide exterminate how to ecosystems without even noticing it we have now to be really aware of the dangers of what we're doing and we already knew that of course of the past the problem in the seas is is wreaking a poorly in damage upon marine life the extent to which we don't treat it fully no . i do more and then i'm joined now by sarah kelly she is in davos switzerland at the world economic forum she joins me now from the snow covered alps good evening
to you sara you were there today when david attenborough's book tell us about. absolutely i was there in fact when he received a standing ovation for his speech for that interview with the duke of cambridge that we have just witnessed he said that the time for action is now when it comes to climate action he said that the garden of eden is over however he also did leave us with an optimistic message today he said that humanity can still take action at this point that we can still have clean water that we can still have thriving ecosystems but that ultimately we need a plan now prince william basically playing into that saying it's time now for the baton to be passed to his generation in fact he acknowledges that they will now have to do the bulk of the work when it comes to this david attenborough as we know at the end of his career now ninety two years old he is a heavily a claims naturalist a journalist
a documentarian also receiving an award yesterday the crystal of work here at the world economic forum for all of his achievements in his career and i just have to say you know his speech this interview it ended with a clip from his new series it's airing on netflix it's called our planet and there was a scene essentially behind the two of them of a glacier collapsing as or david attenborough narrated that particular segment and you could just feel the gravity in the room of what is upon us when it comes to climate change the crowd gasped the standing ovation followed mazie populism and politics were big topics last year in davos you know you remember us president trump he attended he was the star guest this year it's the brazilian trog brazil's new president. he spoke today did. he did in fact he gave the keynote speech here at the world economic forum today he was supposed to give
a speech sensually highlighting the new brazil that is how he built this speech going into it the message was very clear brazil is now open for business this was of a message to the business community here at davos please bring your capital here we are open for partnerships he pledged to essentially make policies that would be friendly toward that he was very light on details when it came to that but he said that he had the right team in place and that he would push it through you know you highlighted the fact that he rode into power here on a wave of populism so he's a very controversial figure around the world in fact he's promised to wipe out corruption and crime in his country at times using controversial message methods excuse me for example just last week he passed a bill in his country making gun ownership far more easier also a lot of concerns about you know this new in economic plan that he has and how it might impact the environment especially when it comes to agribusiness you know with
brazil having the amazon there and a lot of activists want to protect that particular part of the environment when it came to the reaction to his speech it was quite muted in the room and it was interesting to to compare and contrast it in fact to the speech by david attenborough which was so warmly received whereas the speech from gyra both sonata oh very much hesitation in the room you know it was it was billed as the speech the vision for the new brazil i would have to say that it was a bit of an over promise under deliver and in fact you know i turned to the individual who was who was sitting next to me the speech went for about fifteen minutes and he turned to me and he said was that it. real you know being honest they are a this is the richest job ever shared tell us what does it mean and how does it fit into this year's theme at the world economic forum. this is also another
contrast when we look at these this year the theme this year is globalization four point zero and it is an activist theme there's essentially this acknowledgement here at the world's economic forum that the economy is not benefiting anough people and as the economy continues to change we're said to be just on the cusp of what is going to be a digital revolution which will affect the way that we work it will affect the way that we interact and it will very much affect our economies and you know it's expected that the losers in this future economy that is currently underway right now could be far greater so here at the world economic forum with this mission for globalization four point zero they say we need a new global architecture that can address inequality the question is can the winners of capitalism really be trusted in order to implement that vision. a big question an open question for sure our very own. one of the world economic
forum we will see you tomorrow night sir thank you. it is a big day for hollywood and for film as the nominations for this year's oscars are out and pair of films lead the pack with ten nominations each the black and white drama by mexican director alfonso and the favorite say bizarre period drama with and must own rachel weisz and starring olivia colman as queen of england . and our or should i say our cinema king right here is here to analyze this year's oscar nominations the front runners are roma and the favorites are you surprised no i mean these are two of my favorite films of last year i saw both them at the premiere in venice robel one year and
indeed a lot of oscar love in the nominations each is quite impressive but these are really quite interesting films and in particular because this is a spanish language film black or white over three hours long it's set in mexico city in the one nine hundred seventy s. and it's telling actually a story of his childhood but what's interesting about that that was not just the style of it it's also that he decided to shift the point if you switch until the point of view of himself as a child's. point of view of. his his mate essentially is raising who raised him as a child you know. in the seventy's and because of that the whole perspective the film shifts and instead of being about quite privileged a child growing up in mexico i mean it's a really hard look at the life of a poor woman struggling in and i said she's visually stunning politically very very
powerful incredible strong central performances and this film if it would win nominated for best picture it will become the first ever foreign language film to win and one things. it's netflix movie first time netflix nominee for best picture it would win the cat would be among the people just to use. the other film just the favorite it's. a period movie. and i usually hate period movies but this period movie takes all the cliches of the historical jerk and just snatches them like like grandma's porcelain on the floor its stars rachel weisz i must own and the unbelievable olivia colman as a queen and it's is so hard to describe this movie it has all the aspects of a period film but it twists them it's bizarre it's really weird it's really funny it's angry it's nasty it's got three incredibly strong women in the central in
central roles who are incredibly feminine but also really means really nasty and wonderfully wonderfully. it's was my absolute favorite movie of watch fear and completely surprised me which is something not many movies do well if i didn't want to see it before i certainly do now that's an amazing description. what do you think are going to be the big talking points at this year's oscars well i mean last couple years the oscars have been about diversity or lack of diversity on screen and number of years ago the academy that awards the oscars tried to something about complaints that basically only white men have been when he when they tried to diversify the academy diversify their voting group that seems to pay off a bit this year i mean there are some exceptions no female directors nominated this year again crazy rich asians which was a huge film last year didn't get a nominations but if you take a look at the best picture nobs you've got eight films nominated five of them their central characters are not white men including black panther with an all black cast
almost all black cast. was got seven nominations including for best picture and by the way. was commercially the most successful film last year at least in north of north america. this film alone and its reputations as getting from the academy in terms of the seven nominations shows that whatever happens in a month's time at the at the oscars the awards are going to look at a different issue well the words what it would have better ratings to a but you have black panther word to win i'm just i'm just seeing those because unlike a lot of these other films everybody see black that's exactly right that's exactly right we're just before we run out of time we're in berlin so we should mention germany has a chance at the foreign language oscar never look away is the film it's by floyd nichols and honest mark who won with the lives of others many years ago this is an interesting film sort of a sleeping period movie based solution based the life of the your real life artist with a star not like the movie but i think the bit too conventional to win this year and
it's going up against romo which i think in the foreign language category got too much momentum behind i think rome is just going to win it all all right it's going to win it all the big question in fifteen seconds who is going to host the oscars you can pick it pick a name out of the hat it won't be kevin hart he said he's not going to do it i think they're probably going to say nobody's going to host i will just have a bunch of stars show up every time i'd like it if you and i could maybe do a neighborhood to hash tag britain's got all right as always thank you the day is nearly done for the conversation continues online you'll find is that w dot com on twitter at w news you can follow me brant off t.v. don't forget to use the hash tag today and remember whatever happens between now and then or whatever film you see tomorrow is another day we'll see that everybody .
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this is g w news wire from berlin tonight with the. from the european union looming france and germany decide to remove. the leaders of both countries. reenergizing the european union at a time of crisis tonight we ask is there substance amid all the symbolism also coming up living history the emotions the gestures the facial expressions of actual survivors given eternal life.