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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  January 23, 2019 4:00pm-4:16pm CET

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one hundred so. terms and conditions. documentary on instagram. business news live from germany calls for the reform of global institutions speaking of the world economic forum in. separate form of what she calls the fragmentation of the world. because it's also on the program two of syria's power brokers look to settle the country's fight russian president
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vladimir putin posed. for talks on the conflict discussing who should hold sway in syria's contested notes. i'm still gail welcome to the program germany's chancellor has told the world economic forum that global institutions need to be reformed in order to avoid what she called the fragmentation of the multilateral world. told the meeting of political and business leaders in davos switzerland that institutions like the world bank and the international monetary fund must be ready to compromise but not be downgraded. you've got a superstition it's you know it's a good thing i have to agree while they were taken about seventy five seventy four years ago that if you like is the age that the average person lives so after the
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horrors of the second world war and the people who were then in power and the people who were impressed on civility had certain insights and they knew what they were doing so we shouldn't these days cast their decisions aside and the system and they set up and treated lightly because they did so against the wealth of experience. by watching us face what they dubbed as chief political correspondent melinda crane and that you know. davos welcome to you both let's start with you genaro did the delegates there in davos get what they were expecting from chancellor merkel. well first of all let me start by saying that this event was one of the most anticipated events here at the forum the hall where she was speaking was packed to the rafters with the world's media waiting inside for her to speak now i have to say that the part the reactions i've heard from the participants so far have been that the speech was actually vintage merkel so this
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is a comment on merkel's consensus and this is this was quite a comprehensive speech touching on many topics the defense of multilateralism as you said but also topics like digitization and germany's energy import policy now while of the ark on multilateralism was quite expected by the participants i did hear some dissatisfaction from the sidelines that she didn't say nearly enough on bragg's it which many feel would of really belong to a full throated defense of the european project which is what they want to hear from are. not decrying this year's globalization of four point zero shaping a new architecture in the age of the fourth industrial revolution kind of snappy how does the chimes those message tall you in with that she basically said don't burn the house down don't rip that architecture to shreds simply because you have the feeling it isn't quite suited to the present day she said yes the balance of power in the world has changed we've seen countries like china and india rising and
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international institutions have to be adapted to reflect that change in the balance of power essentially she's saying it's not either or you don't either rip the whole thing down or stay with the saps a status quo there's a middle way which is to find out a patients that suitably reflect changes in the world and she said if we don't do that the consequences will be misery and then a veiled reference directly to. the statements of inclinations of president donald trump and also of his secretary of state she said there seemed to be some who believe that everyone. if everyone just puts his or her interest first then that is the best way to steer the world in the future she said she absolutely disagrees even when he's not there he's there you know a duel with you've mentioned that the chance of speech touched on many areas including the state of the german economy. indeed and it has
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to be mentioned that she made her speech on the back of. an earlier presentation of the world economic outlook that saw germany's g.d.p. growth forecast downgraded by by several points into twenty nineteen now so business leaders were keen to hear what she had to say about that and she said that germany is still a strong industrial power although of course there are risks ahead in terms of the automotive sector and in terms of a digital businesses and data ownership it's hard to imagine however that it's out of the business delegation was what was comforted by these words at the end of the day these were things that they already know and what they would have required from there was perhaps a plan. also switzerland and here in the studio with me belinda craig thank you both so much. to move on now to take a look at some of those stories making news around the world asylum request in
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germany are be climbing the countries i don't see for migration says it registered just under one hundred eighty six thousand operations last year down sixteen percent the numbers have been falling steadily since a migration crisis of twenty fifteen but nearly ninety thousand people applied for asylum. thailand's electoral commission has set a date for a general election march the twenty fourth after it had been postponed several times prompting angry protests this will be the first election since the coup in twenty four to one another three out of the government can look shinawatra which allegations of corruption. thousands of mourners attend the funeral in northern israel arab israeli student killed in australia twenty one year old. boy was raped and murdered in melbourne on the way home from a comedy show a death sparked protests against violence against women. two of the major players
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in the syrian conflict have been on talks that could have serious. nick and implications for the country russian president vladimir putin is hosting his turkish counterpart vege of time early one top of their agenda it's the future of syria's kurdish controlled areas kurdish militias control much of northern syria marked here in yellow after pushing out so-called islamic states as last now islamic state has lost almost half of its territory in syria that's marked there in red now this is led u.s. president donald trump to say that he's going to withdraw the two thousand american troops supporting the kurds the president urged one regards the kurdish militias as terrorists and sees their presence along his border as a threat to national security in discussions with president trump he proposed a turkish controlled a safe zone along the border he's also seeking control of a man being you just sit in the kurds captured from i guess in two thousand and sixteen so with the u.s. poised to withdraw the kurds are trying to avoid an all out military assault and
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have turned to russia for diplomatic help. this was the scene in northeast syria two days ago when a convoy of u.s. and kurdish led troops was bombed in an attack claimed by islamic state. and exactly one week ago in kurdish held mandates near the turkish border. another apparent i-s. attack that killed four americans. despite the ongoing fighting washington remains committed to withdrawing its troops meaning syria's kurds are about to lose a powerful ally then there's the issue of a safe zone along the border with turkey a u.s. proposal. but who should create it and who should police it for russia which backs syria's government forces the answer is clear.
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we are convinced of the best and only solution is the transfer of these territories to the control of the syrian government through the syrian security forces under ministers of functions. but turkey equally wants control of this buffer zone to protect against what it sees as the kurdish threat. if you are a liberal you think proposal for a safe certainly comes with the goal of keeping terrorists and terror organizations away from our border. on camera and says syrian kurdish fighters are linked to the kurdish rebel group the p.k. k. widely branded a terrorist organization it doesn't want syrian kurdish militia gaining power on its borders fearing that might encourage the kurdish insurgency inside turkey.
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this time last year turkey launched its military operation on the former kurdish enclave of a freend in northern syria kurds marked the anniversary with protests they have reason to fear that turkey will strike again that's why kurdish fighters are now reaching out to syrian government troops for protection. so what is likely to come out of today's talks between russia and turkey. really showing joins us from moscow of those talks are taking place dorian johns is in istanbul welcome both let's start with you i want to show in moscow how does the kremlin want to fill the space that the balance of power that will be shifted by the withdrawal of u.s. troops. well of course the announcement that the u.s. was withdrawing its troops was absolutely music to russia's ears on the one hand russia will be able to essentially control the skies over syria and also it will be
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the only non regional as it were a power deciding syria's future plus of course with a powerful ally of the kurdish representatives basically leaving the scene russia will have much much more sway and much more leverage which of course places it in an important mediator role and now what russia wants overall is to have syrian government consolidate its control over the whole country in order for russia itself to be able to get a foothold in the country and a foothold in the middle east including militarily so these this is really an important reshuffle of the balance of power after the u.s. announced its withdrawal and i think these meetings are important for both turkey and russia today dorian jones and istanbul tell us about this saves in northern syria what does president have in mind. when he
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poses a several hundred. to two kilometers deep so you would really give control of most of the key towns and cities in this. part of syria the president also said that the presence of the syrian kurdish militia which considers as a terrorist organization linked to an insurgency inside turkey interestingly turkey . also said that he wouldn't tolerate the presence of this militia to be his own people who could be looking. for. is russia on board with this. well not really it's much more of a turkish plan russia certainly as i said wants to keep the territorial integrity of syria as they keep repeating they want the syrian government to consolidate its
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control over the whole country and a kind of turkish controlled safe zone certainly doesn't work out with that plan what they've been pushing is the idea of syrian government forces controlling a safe zone and there have already been talks between syrian government representatives and representatives of the kurds as the foreign minister sergei lavrov said this month he encouraged those talks so that's really where we're at at the moment and russia will be kind of mediating between the turkish side the kurdish side and the syrian side to kind of get the country back under syrian control which is in its interest to funnel funding to your door in jones turkish troops have been massing of the border with syria how likely is an assault on courage held territory and how would that affect russian interests
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the prison at one hundred head of the already to wait and see how developments play out following the u.s. his announcement that he is withdrawing and his proposal of the save so. they are looking forward to key meetings with u.s. military officials in the first week of february most of the talk you've seen is key because despite all the rhetoric coming from uncle saying they won't tolerate the presence of this kurdish militia it is seen by most people that's unlikely. to both challenge putin the putin resisted this military zone and the washington at the same time so i'm quote the moment is putting its time holding these talks and using more the fruit of a military operation as leverage to extract concessions from both the mass because russia and the u.s. tour in jones and istanbul have been in moscow thank you bill. publishers for the the sound of problems are hard to coming out of i just thought. germany's chancellor has called for the reform of global institutions speaking of
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the world economic. what you call the fragmentation of the multilateral. the russian president vladimir putin is hosting he's. in moscow discussing the face of. the russian president vladimir putin is hosting. discussing the face of. in northern syria. today. what we were. when we were. even percent of americans or something and really
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experience hardship. for.

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