tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle January 26, 2019 5:30am-6:01am CET
featured in any good news is music is bound to. be open stores. sounds good. oh sure that's so much more than just background music video music stores for you were introduced to on g.w. . bush. welcomes the global three thousand this week we find out just how desperate life has become for many farmers in australia. we need to members of a very special orchestra in egypt that offers visually impaired women a unique opportunity. and we had to zimbabwe to look at what conservationists are
doing to protect an endangered species. the african wild dogs are extremely successful hunters that killed great chases around eighty percent that is far more than the lions for example the pack animals a key to culling populations which helps keep the ecosystem balanced. but they're under threat while the dogs used to be a common sight in africa's savannah's in the mid twentieth century there were around tough a million of them. but their range has grown more and more limited and their numbers have been decimated. in this week's global ideas we head to south east in zimbabwe where our reporter joachim schneider visited the survey river valley to meet conservationists working to give these unique animals a future. it's like. as
the day cools down and life slowly returns to the bush in southeast zimbabwe. leading the african wild dogs spent the hottest part of the day sleeping in the shade. now in the late afternoon the past comes together ready to go out hunting. the perfect time for just a cold water meyer to check up on the pack she heads up a conservation project for wild dogs in the southern valley conservancy it's a protected area that covers three thousand square kilometers she spent years working with these animals. and this is our first pack and we've called them that because as you can see they've got beautiful and very distinct and colorful markings and they also happen to be one of the biggest packs in the conservancy so there are body live in adults now started off the during season or the year twelve they had fourteen puppies but we're down to seven now and there are so it's
a very relaxing the beach added back as you can see so fantastic for us for working with them and for munching and research purposes. while dogs are among the most endangered carnivores in africa and with population numbers of around seven thousand at most the survey valley conservancy provides a large area for them to roam freely which is exactly what they need to survive. in power until lopes or their first choice of prey. they are incredibly social pack animals so and just the way that they interact with each other the way they take care of each other where they take care of the puppies or pack members pull together to look after each other and very different from other social convoys for example lion when wild dogs either kill the adults or let the poppyseed first they will look after the injured they will take me back to the injured the survey conservancy was originally formed from an amalgamation of large private ranches
that finances itself through tourism and controlled sustainable hunting this means endangered species are protected and the area isn't sacrificed for farmland. outside the conservancy little of the original bush remains the local population has grown and more and more land has gone over to farming leading to increased contact between wildlife and humans. the conservationists now work closely with local communities to protect the animals want to do and what they want to conduct are cheaper by a teaches school students about how the wild animals live. if. he and his team visit the schools three times a year. many of the children are fascinated the local villagers often have a very different take on how to deal with the wildlife in their area it's good to just know meet this guy i don't think want to do that when they've been seen use.
the name of the chase the my way if. he did us but if the force be no money killed him for it for meat so you think the knowledge and tree upbringing know this and if it were in the snow we have to quit seized with it if they left let's kind of was it was so deeply species as. to need. to. actually buy a teaches the children about the food chain and explains what happens when one speed. she's dies out completely the idea is to help the children see the importance of conservation was no photos and i think it's great to learn about protecting the animals no one i. don't know i know that if pictures come i need to report it to the police or my teachers. the wildcard project also finances books and teaching materials and even pay situation fees for some of the students this school started working with the conservationists and
twenty thirteen had masterly and when your says a lot has changed since then you can actually see that even if you make it this. they will tell you that oh there's a lake just to these things. it's good to leave it was it only even if it did for the it was a. buzz with the school we have been near but it. is that for puts you. back in the conservancy the pack are hunting. close to a kill. but this world of beast is a little too big for them still it provides a good sparring partner for the younger dogs to hone their hunting skills so after a little excitement predators and potential prey decide to go their separate ways.
thanks but african wild dogs are themselves exposed to danger even inside the park as we discover the next day ranger kinkade civil is out on patrol when a colleague contacts him. still for work to dog dared to chromosome a. the ranger immediately heads to the scene where jessica water myrick is waiting for him it soon becomes clear the situation is even worse than they thought since we got a report this morning that there were two dogs it reported was they were still fighting the wise so we rushed as soon as possible and got it within twenty minutes of the report but i'm forty bucks on the gotcha the dogs had already strangled themselves and suffocated. it's a senseless killing the dogs weren't even the target of the poachers. they set the
wire trap to catch antelopes the dogs tried to free themselves by biting through the wire but the copper was too tough worse still it's the alpha male that's been killed along with another adult dog the best hunters in the pack for the next step will be for our scouts to work with some of the scouts and to move through this area non-sweet and make sure we can pick up as many of these was as possible ideally you pick the was up before this happens. the wire is almost invisible in the dense bush and the area is vast but the rangers managed to find around fifty wire traps dogs all unique to africa we don't find them anywhere else and as conservationist working in africa we have a duty to to protect them to make sure they stay a few generations and they are completely genetically distinct species i once said gone they got. the rest of the pack will stick together until the juveniles are
fully grown fortunately the alpha female has survived unscathed otherwise the pack would have broken up but with her mate now gone hopes of gaining a new litter of puppies this year now look slam. almost half of the australian land mass is now devoted to agriculture some of the territory is used to raise grain but much more is given over to light stock nearly eighty percent of the country's agricultural products are sold abroad in two thousand and seventeen harvests were particularly good then a drought in two thousand and eighteen through the sector into a tailspin still production continues to rise but only large scale farms are raking in substantial profits in the last thirty years around forty percent of australia's small farmers have given up that's had enough and devastating effect on them and
their communities. steve jurman is a farmer and twice he's considered committing suicide. just getting through the days is a big challenge. the family run farm is now in its fourth generation but it's no longer making a profit and is slowly being crushed by debt. steve's father and grandfather also how the ups and downs. but the situation has never been worse than it is now. and that hurts his prize. i don't want to go and put it on the floor it would want to go up it's mikey very growing in my name very hard to be old to you know. it doesn't mean all you know. but.
the curse of cow's milk has dropped by nearly twenty percent in the last three years and then came a drought. steve had to slaughter fifty seven carps within four months because he couldn't afford to feed them. he was going to take his own. wife but something stopped him. probably. go your own way up and flying you know where are you there because my mother had found a letter or left on the very fine and always coming home. and. for me. sort of what pulled me up a little the. married guy is a fifty six year old widow. husband committed suicide in late twenty sixteen. she says james was a strong man with those just following. but even with her salary working as a nurse they couldn't make ends meet when. he'd been
a pharmacist she was fifteen and we were making the decision on what we had made the decision to sell the farm because we were going back before the banks come and said get out we decided to get out before that happened. it was a rational decision but her husband couldn't cope with it emotionally james hung himself. it's a lost all it's our life we live in brief and i love it. to the point of not looking after themselves. marius convinced that if small farmers were able to earn more at the job her husband might still be alive farmers in australia don't receive any subsidies. the number of farmers has fallen by forty percent in the last thirty years it was so busy just trying to survive on our own farms we don't often get
a chance to get together. and support each other and and go up against these big multinationals or whatever and say hey we need to be pride to what we're doing . mary managed to lease the farm she's very open about telling james the story almost everyone knows farmers who suffer from depression and she says they need to talk more about the strain never. getting promised to do it is a whole different kettle of fish because all farmers are very stoic they tend to carry on just doing what they need to do and tough and have a house. martin who's been a farmer in social work for more than thirty years he says you need to appreciate the nice moments like heading out to the sheep on a sunday morning with droughts immense financial pressure and globalisation australian farmers have a lot to worry about. ok. in rural areas the suicide
rate is at least twice as high as in your city says martin. depression is common. he says people like him are in the best position to help others social workers who want farmers themselves don't understand the problems they have. come from a lot of carol carol city and. intentions part racist i just do not get it you know there's just don't get. and that's that's very. i become disappointed and the people who are there helping did steve. martin had to do what i praise from a shop it's a convenient place in the area to meet the farmers and find out who needs help. he . said he said. in the feed dials all those fist back
trying to parts. sometimes it's just a chapped sometimes he arranges for them to meet doctors all financial experts in the city if you have pain day in melbourne or sydney you're more large to be picked up more quickly through outreach services or maternal health where is if you've got that in alice springs or if you go to places of work implies a called a kitchen which is middle of nowhere take a break and then you've got to talk to somebody months. back on steve's farm it's not only financial problems that are weighing you down he's also had to stay in hospital and is trying to get through a broken marriage. but steve can't see any alternative for himself other than to carry on farming his two daughters have to help out milking the cows before and after school. how do they deal with the situation. because. really. i don't i just have time for.
my. time. steve now has a therapist in the city he calls when he called. he still somehow hypes that it will all work out. for the faint but you know people want to hear and fan calls and sure. enough it's you know that's what i what the what the outcome ease on i always was just going to take blood home for me. when steve jurman feels down now he thinks about his two daughters and that everything isn't always a stone because it might at times seem. one of our reporters discovered a tasty snack on tenor reef and it's home grain to. the largest of the canary islands ten a reef was formed by volcanic activity several million years ago. the island is
a paradise for people who love potatoes. with fur child volcanic soil and a mild climate year round and they thrive here. we stumbled on the chips here in china reeves capital santa cruz everything here revolves around the beloved fried version of the potato the snack shop is run by the canary an italian couple denise decker day and day in general or so who came up with the name as if we're going to get in but it was my husband's idea we were looking for a name and of course it had to have something to do with potatoes chips are not chips see in the end. see one out. to see. there are nearly fifty different varieties of potato in the canaries the tuber was first domesticated around thirteen thousand years ago in south america and they were introduced to europe after the spanish conquests there are ten a reef potatoes are
a staple right there are virtually no dishes on teneriffe that are not served with potatoes if they're boiled roasted fried and baked potatoes are always part of the equation impaired by. the french fries here are never frozen like in many restaurants but cut fresh every day. fresh vegetable oil is also important say the locals but which potatoes make the best fries. but it has to be a really yellow potato that doesn't contain too much starch. otherwise it will still be raw inside when it's crispy outside in person who can definitely be here with the chips are available with a wide variety of sauces. here but the thousands make all the difference we're the only ones on the island with twenty six of them. there are different kinds of mayonnaise catch up. there's even
a chocolate sauce so what are the customers love most about gypsy. they take the dish to a whole new level it's a quality product if you go somewhere else the potatoes just aren't as good or they use frozen fries and sometimes you just feel like having fresh ones like these. so if you're in the mood for a deliciously fried potato dish with amazing sauces you should definitely stop by should see is also easy on your wallet a meal deal costs between four and six euros. according to the world tell. around thirty six million people around the world are completely blind and two hundred seventeen million have moderate to severe visual impairment which makes it very difficult to participate in society in developing countries estimates suggest up to ninety percent of blind children don't receive an education and that eighty percent of blind adults are unemployed so it can be life
changing when the visually impaired a given opportunities. to. farming are they walk to their final rehearsal. tonight these musicians are playing at minutes or university in the nile delta it will be their fifth concert in four weeks. to musicians don't use music stands or sheet music. conductor walks around checking choosing as once the concert begins the orchestra will be leading themselves. most of us to when we start working on a piece we give ourselves plenty of time the women have to integrate each note into their memory they don't have a classical score in front of them they have to learn the entire thing by heart and for some pieces that's
a lot easier. to music school lies in the heliopolis district of cairo egypt called light and hope its mission is to offer visually impaired girls new opportunities the school has its fourth generation of students nearly one hundred girls live learn and play music here. now well established the school was a daring venture when it was founded in one thousand nine hundred eighty one when zainab kaleta joined blind people were often sidelined in society. today the fifty seven year old is a coach and confidant to the young girls. so well when i got my place at school my life was really tough everyone who trains here as a bright future ahead of. my to learn an instrument without eyesight requires not only talent but also insurance and an empathetic teacher. saying that kelly discovered her love for the oboe at twelve and then learned to read braille musical
notation. years later she won her place in the orchestra the crowning achievement. today she teaches other girls because she wants to give back to the school. the in the handle it is our duty to teach the young and the generations learn from one another i would be very proud if one of my students here were able to make it into the orchestra three of them of manage so far the letter for the orchestra but music is by no means everything here the students learn other subjects too including english. also the. english is sheer massacre rares second great passion after the violin she demands discipline and punctuality from his students without english she tells them you are absolutely
helpless in foreign countries. oh ok i don't know why you don't have the languages for a time as a child i loved languages i wanted to make friends abroad and learn about other cultures of. the orchestra's program is demanding it includes both classical and popular music from around the world. the final dress rehearsal there is still work to be done. these are long days for the musicians they start at five am and finish at nine at night they have to study play teach but they say there's nowhere else that rotherby . even of i feel very proud he can have so when i play music i feel like i'm in
another world i'm no longer on earth. i forget everything but the problem is that. i'm one with myself and the world i love is. when i have billion eyes and when i say she is. and yet it's a world under threat the girls lodgings and lessons are free of charge but it's not clear how long that will continue donations have decreased in recent years. but there is little source of that on the night of the concert. with seconds to go the conductor hands over the stage to the musicians.
at the end after a total of fourteen pieces many are visibly moved. and the well i'm going to talk i wasn't expecting them to play so well i am so impressed by the concert and the musicians it's amazing wonderful i wish them all success and lots of luck i came here to get them give them and then i'm going to go for it was tired. and for this orchestra that is what it's all about inspiring others through music and redefining it's possible. who cares about the flower industry's destructive impacts i do. two cans about global l g b t rights. who cares about homeless people living on the streets of l.a. i do to support sustainable farming in the amazon. i do to
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work just want to deny janet's was doing back then was basically the same as today's obama's and that's a. metropolis of crime. starts january twenty ninth. t w. at least seven people are dead and over one hundred more missing after a dam collapse in brazil the dam broke apart sending a massive torrent of mud over a mining complex southwest of the city of belo horizonte authorities say the death toll is expected to rise. u.s. president donald trump has signed a bill to end the longest government shutdown in the country's history the deal doesn't include any money for a wall along the us mexico border.