tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle January 30, 2019 9:30pm-10:01pm CET
virtual city and sure. enough. my stuff. starts feb eighteenth d.w. . it is historic deadly and it almost defies our ability to describe it with words a cold wave is engulfing much of the heartland of the u.s. and canada bringing subzero temperatures rarely seen except at the north and south pole tonight a once in a generation hard freeze and the cold hard facts about its connection to global warming i'm burned off in berlin this is the day.
the so-called anything that's exposed any exposed skin that's what's terrible will be listens for you to see you were in the chips in the duke. yeah just out here stuck in the snow enjoying the beautiful weather so we were still dressed in. their boots there where. you can feel the cold to your legs it really does kind of feel like it's burning i was supposed to get home to springfield missouri nine thirty tonight and now it'll be nine thirty tomorrow night. also coming up tonight at the death camps the nazis put an accordion in her hand and told her to play or else tonight a holocaust survivor who refuses to let the music die. jesus this song thief my
night hot of it. and my dream is that all nazis who just disappear and i always say i would thing until there are no more nazis left. but to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and around the world welcome we begin the day with the deep freeze over north america now we don't often start our program with a story about the weather but we don't often witness what mother nature is about to unleash over the midwest of the u.s. and canada and we want to talk about that tonight it is being called the coldest cold snap in a generation the deep freeze of the century that is swallowing up ten u.s. states with more than two hundred million people now that's seventy two percent of the u.s. population that's being more not to go outside exposed skin we're being told is in
danger of immediate frostbite now it is already causing all kinds of travel headaches more than twenty seven hundred flights involving u.s. airports are canceled today if you're planning to fly to the u.s. or leave the us from chicago that will not happen for the next few days amtrak's fifty five daily trains in and out of chicago we understand have been canceled and even the u.s. postal service has canceled services from north dakota to nebraska to pennsylvania now the epicenter of the winter attack is expected to be in chicago where meteorologists are forecasting a record low on thursday morning of twenty seven degrees minus zero fahrenheit that's thirty two degrees below zero celsius you see right there now it's hard to imagine temperatures this low but to give you an idea take a look at this chicago will be colder today and tomorrow then the south pole the high temperature today. at precisely glacier antarctica is seven below in celsius
that's warmer than in chicago well what is happening across north america can be blamed on what's known as the winter vortex there are two rivers of air circulating above us one is known as the jet stream and its movements are what allow more me cold fronts to migrate across the planet if you go higher up about forty eight kilometers you find what's known as the stratospheric polar vortex it's that circle you see right there now that's a river of wind around the north pole and it only forms during the winter sometimes the jet stream flow is erratic and weak and this can allow wind from the polar vortex to make its way down towards the earth's surface when that happens to bridger's plummet as we're seeing right now what does this extreme weather have to do with climate change and how does a deep freeze make sense on
a warming planet why first guest tonight hopefully has some of the answers he is the author of the award winning book the long fall how humans are changing the next one hundred thousand years of earth's climate and he has one of the world's leading climatologists specializing in climate change i'm happy to welcome tonight professor david archer from the energy policy institute at the university of chicago fessor archer's good to have you on the day with us tonight here in chicago you're smack dab in the middle of this winter vortex freeze how's the weather right now. it's a beautiful day in small doses we went for a little walk if you stay out of the wind it's not too bad the areas is cold the sun is out but the wind is pretty thiers. what would you say this winter vortex what does it tell us what can it tell us about climate change is this the fire or
is this the fire alarm. well it's hard to interpret any given mean there would be weather even if there weren't a change in climate so any single event is a little dangerous to attribute to human causes but it is expected that the ender's in the jet stream will be more pronounced as the temperature difference goes down you warm up the arctic more than you warm up the equator and so the temperature difference between the two is what's driving that river of air that you mention and it is expected to meander more so we do expect more weird weather like this but maybe the most profound impact would be more psychological because it does so to press upon people how. climate changes can be kind of. unstoppable yet you know you talk about the psychology of
this when extreme weather occurs the public and also you know we journalists will we talk more about the climate and climate change and then of course that you know the story passes the topic goes silent until the next storm or the next deep freeze i mean do you see that as helping or hurting efforts to mitigate climate change. i did an interview last night or tex came down for a conservative casting network in this country and was a leader read only ever talk about climate change when it's cold as a way of kind of ridiculing it i don't have i can tell you we talk about it a lot more than just when it gets cold that's for sure and speaking of speaking of conservative stations we know one person who likes to watch a conservative station in the u.s. and that is the us president donald trump maybe you saw one of his tweets from earlier today he tweeted i want to show our viewers in the beautiful midwest wind
chill temperatures are reaching minus sixty degrees the coldest ever recorded in coming days is expected to get even colder people can't last outside even for minutes what you know what is going on with global warming please come back fast we need you now that is the climate change denier u.s. president trump implying that there cannot be any climate change because the weather in the midwest right now is bitterly cold professor what do you say to that . i voted for the other person. yeah i mean obviously you look at a map of the. world there is this this blue blob. the u.s. right now but the rest of it is all red so looking at the average temperature of the planet it's not cold this is just sort of the cold air being in the wrong place this is that we'll calling off the bus. you know let's not talk about politics
anymore i want to ask you about what we saw last year with the intergovernmental panel on climate change and they released a report that said that this really is our last chance to do something before it's too late they gave the year of what twenty thirty i think is the deadline in your book you write about much longer periods of time you know you talk about centuries millennia are we today thinking with the correct time horizons in mind when we talk about climate change it's really difficult to think about it in terms of the real intrinsic time horizons of the problem because it's so hard to imagine deep time for us you know mere mortals especially deep time into the future but the longevity of the climate impact from releasing c o two is the main reason why high sheets are expected to respond and. you know you really transform the climate of the planet much more radically on
timescales of a few hundred to a thousand years then you know what we will do to see. you know your book called our attention because you write about the possibility of human activity maybe even canceling out the next ice age and has the story been written already or should a polar vortex should it remind us that there is time to save the future what do you think professor. well you asked about the. e.c.c. report and the deadline a second ago and that is something of an artificial line in the sand i mean it's a slope you know it's like if you live in your aren't never take out the garbage it's gets more and more garbagey over time there's not a discrete line there you know all of a sudden everything sort of changes i guess that is your question yeah i mean i understand what you're saying and it is it's a it's
a complex story and now we try as often as we can to report it with people you know like yourself professor david archer joining us tonight from the university of chicago professor archer we appreciate your insights and please stay warm. well with just fifty nine days until the u.k. is scheduled to leave the european union the story of brecht's it is perhaps better described as the saga of a break sit blockade last night the u.k. parliament voted for prime minister to resign may to seek an alternative arrangement to the irish back stop now that is something maine has spent the past two years trying to do the backstop you may remember is something like an insurance policy to stop the return of checks on goods and people along the northern ireland border it in effect keeps northern ireland inside the european union and that is a no go for british lawmakers or today the european union's chief breaks negotiator
michel barnier said the withdrawal agreement with britain including that irish backstop will not be renegotiate. the only point i want to increase and. remain united and we stand by the agreement we have negotiated the withdrawal agreement including the protocol on our land to northern ireland is not open for renegotiation. we manged of best and only so we've. given it was a chemical so you opened this year and council has stated clearly that the withdrawal agreement negotiated between the u.k. and the you is the best deal possible it's not open to renegotiation this yet there is no room for negotiation. that i mean negotiate that for the british government for more than a year. occluded with
a very good deal now i didn't. they were not given now so i'm just going to keep trying. but is there a way out of this blockade to talk about that i'm joined now by constantine clearly he is a member of the german parliament the bonus talk of the free democrats he also sits on the committee for the affairs of the european union it's good to see you again constantine so what do you make of the situation right now this this breaks that blockade as i described well first of all let me express that it's quite good decision by the house of commons that they reject that an old deal brecht's that when they have voted on i think seven different amendments and it's very important signal for the entire european union that no deal directs it is excluded by the british so that was an advisory amendment that they have voted on right so it's a whole entire referendum you know where is eyes are and that's that's a good point as well that's true or is it in germany's interest to see the u.k. leave the european union with no deal absolutely not it's not in the interest of
germany it's not in the interest of the european union it's even dangerous it would be disadvantages for our economy for the british economy for citizens' rights but also sitting on the committee of interior affairs and we've been discussing a lot about the issue of security lately europe poll i mean i cannot imagine a situation in which we just stop collaborating with the united kingdom first of april when it comes to security when it comes to exchanging data didn't allow us to catch terrorists we have to go on doing this and that's why we need a deal but we need a deal based on what's been go see it within the last two years when you see here you are you're saying that with the example of europe you're saying that we need the u.k. to remain as partnered with us as much as possible so it's in everyone's interest for some deal to be negotiated so then why not renegotiate the part about the irish bad start why does it have to be all or nothing because the backstop is plan b. i don't get what we're talking about plan b. all the time if we if both sides agreed on the deal negotiated in the last two
years there would be a two years period well twenty. a month period where everything would keep the same what would be kept the same the united kingdom would leave the european union but it would have to apply european union laws and the european union would have to treat the u.k. as if it was a member of the european union so there is almost two years to negotiate a trade deal and only if that fails only if there is not a trade deal we will have to apply the backstop so the backstop as you just said is the insurance policy we signed to avoid hot water on the irish island so why are we not talking about plan well let's stick with plain b. then why not say the backstop has to stay as it is but agree that it has a time limit because there has to be a trade agreement within the next two years that's in the interest of the british science and interest of the european union why are we not optimistic enough to negotiate i mean that's been one of the most important arguments of those of the
brics years of those at the catering breck's it was that they are able to negotiate a trade deal with the european union let's do it and left let's begin on first of april to negotiate the trade deal and it's even do the following let's begin now to clarify what the terms of such trade deal would be we have already been doing that in the political declaration the second document also agreed in the last two years we could clarify the terms of the trade agreements it's just. there's room for clarification there's no room for further negotiation but there's room for clarification ok so maybe then we're just we're you know we're we're mincing words here a little bit but what is the european union going to be able to give to resume makers she's going to come knocking on the door again this week and she she has to have something to take back to parliament the european union could politically commit to reach a trade deal within the next twenty one months. that's what they could do that's what they can do based on the on the terms i mean that's let's ask the irish government if the european union is not moving at that point and if not how the
game is on the european union let's just ask the irish government because the backstop is mostly about the irish situation about the question and ireland and even if even the irish government says that the backstop cannot even go we negotiated let's ask them and that lets them determine you know the way of the european union if they see that cannot be. a backstop i mean let's begin with plan a what do they want when it comes to the trade deal what is the what is their plan in the next twenty one months i mean there's a there are so many smart people dealing with bricks and all the time for the last two years and you know let's start with i mean we haven't even begun but we have to go and it was the last two years it seems have nothing has happened that people are sick concertino stand by we're going to come back to you in just a moment. these. concrete support our fight a lot from gun fight we start this in two thousand and fourteen we deployed up
there denounce the last man who dropped off at the seder and. we work a lot in the fight the last two years and we met in person from the day to day present from our press in one way to thank you for the united states thank you for the governor thank you for all the countries that know us know our fight know what we want we want democracy and that is a well known opposition activists in this way a little bit on the news all day today because of the number just let our viewers know you are also chairman of the d. from correct me if i'm wrong the parliamentary friendship group for relations with the andean states and that those states of course include venezuela it is the european union is it doing what it should right now to support the people of venezuela well the european union needed a couple of days to find
a common position on its soil and then they agreed that the common position what he said what do you say about that the fact that it took several days i mean month of aber was here with us yesterday and talking about that and you know he said it was really really almost shameful that it took so long to come up with a position has always been one of the problems of the european union that there is no common foreign policy that the different foreign ministers of members member countries of the european union expressed their own view and then you have the european view if used a few days later but at least there is a european position right now and the european position is there has to be presidential elections in the midst of a lot called within the next eight days calculating until the next week and so this saturday the sunday and if not far away the wall will be recognized as the legitimate. president by the european union thirteen has to do so if they don't want to lose their credibility they have to stick with this position and they have to recognize whether this weekend if nicolas model doesn't deliver and well their
critics are saying that the e.u. is putting an ultimatum absolutely you are doing that ok and do you think that the e.u. will stick to that position and follow through well i hope so there will be a union tomorrow and bucharest because it's the new remaining is the new leader of the council of the european ministers and that's why the foreign ministers are meeting and eucharist and i am asking our foreign minister of germany to stick to that ultimatum and to make clear that there has to be a recognition this saturday because if the european union doesn't recognize one what they will decide or they are the sunday it's about the weekend we will see and we will be able to observe that different countries in the u.n. with the european union will begin to act unilaterally well you know that that is probably something that china russia and turkey would like to see happen we heard exactly the foreign minister today for russia saying and i'm sure that this was this was for european ears as well but he was saying that the u.s.
support one is nothing more than an attempt at regime change. well the regime can only be changed by the and it's will and people it's not the united states it's not the european union that will decide on the future of its leader has to be decided in venezuela but we have to see that this is not a merely national crisis five thousand people are leaving minutes every day about three million have left the country since two thousand and fourteen so this is a situation that already has a certain relationship with the entire continent of southern miracle's north america right so this is something that has to be solved by the international community and the european union is also an actor is also a member of the of the international community so they have to be other responsibility it shows you how the world is divided in at the u.n. at the u.n. security council two dozen and you've got china and russia on one side you've got the europeans and the u.s. on another side and he shows us all the weaknesses of international policy and one of the weaknesses has always been that europeans are not able to speak with one
voice which is why they should do so this weekend constitute who as always it's good to get your insights we appreciate you stopping in tonight thank you you. will events are being held around the world following international holocaust remembrance day which was last sunday but there are warnings that young people in the west unless about the nazi era genocide of jews and other groups one of the people he was working to change that is ninety four year old esther special wrong and she was sent to the auschwitz nazi death camp as a teenager and she survived thanks to her music. this is this song saved my lai hot here the sleeve of that still. ninety four year old estefan urana is singing a popular german wartime song bellamy. is
a happy children but it brings back memories of her time in auschwitz back then as to have to play bellamy on the accordion tradition for the concentration camp orchestra she was a talented musician but she had never held an accordion before. i concentrated on the job at hand and told myself you can do this i knew if i didn't get accepted into the girls ocus thread and i would have to do hard manual labor that would have been the end of me and. i was only eighteen years old when she was deported to auschwitz she had already been separated from her parents who were later murdered by the nazis. as part of the girl's orchestra esther played songs as the prisoners marched out to do their work . later she also had to play when the trains arrived bringing thousands of people to thank us chambers. slips of
us. that's the worth thing that has ever happened to me because i felt so hopeless i couldn't help these people i knew they were going to their best now. behind us did the s.s. soldiers with their rifles and if we hadn't played them they would have shut us. up. more than a million jews were murdered in auschwitz as the bishop ran or escaped death but most of her peers didn't she feels it's her duty to tell young people what the nazis did she goes to schools reads from her memoirs and gives concerts she's backed up by a hip hop band called microphone match here. the concert was to bring members a lawyer to compose rap music using personal letters and journals from former concentration camp prisoners it was written. by using rap
they hope to connect with today's young people here in a color and high school they're getting a warm response. and sharing a stage for ten years now but the recent draw is a frightening radicalism. my dream is that all nazis would just disappear and i always say i was saying until there are no more nazis left make it . even though she knows that may not be a realistic goal a step beyond i will not give up. good for her the day is nearly done but the conversation continues online your find us a b w dot com or on twitter at d w news you can follow me at brant goff t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll
come. to the from. the field should. be positive in many parts of russia it's a terrible stigma but an orphanage in chelyabinsk takes a different approach. here h.i.b. positive youngsters grow up with kids who don't have the virus. what's the daily routine like for the stand and how do the children themselves fare. in ninety minutes on d w. we make up oh
but we watch as the cost of the undead that took place we ought to several services . they want to shape the continent's future to. be part of it and join african youngsters as they share their stories their dreams and their challenges. of the seventy seven percent to keep the peace platform for africa charedi. we present europe at its most fascinating at its most exciting. most creative colorful cliff trendy taste of innovative brilliance charming. idealists and the resistible to count the. stars february second on two double.
crossed so against humanity. civilians become witnesses. cut their recorder which is travel around the globe just social media. but what is probably. fiction what is from digital investigators comb through the flood of images they combine sources trying to reconstruct what happened and substantiate claims of crimes thanks to this video recording of the soldier who shall be young man is on trial now for forensics between bits and parts. may think. it's a big chance because justice is about the truth. truth detectives starts feb fifteenth on t.w.
. this is g w news wire from berlin. taking to the streets telling president nicolas maduro he has to go waving flags and calling for free elections protesters arrests are being up the pressure on the president we asked how people here in germany feel about the push for change in venezuela also coming up not budging on britain's parliament votes just said prime minister theresa may back to brussels for more negotiations but the european you.