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tv   Shift - Living in the Digital Age  Deutsche Welle  February 9, 2019 6:15pm-6:31pm CET

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hey listen up. that's what video game music sounded like thirty years ago. today's tracks take the experience to another level a sense to him talk comes
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a way mice are. featured in many games his music is bound to cause problems for his fans he opens doors to. sounds good. though genre that's so much more than just background music video game music starts february twenty fifth on d w. he. could official intelligence so we'll be doing my job. and what about designers doctors and bus drivers will ai soon do their work major advances are currently being made in ai technology and experts say it will radically transform the way we work could we all lose our jobs or is that just paranoia talking that's i want topic on shift today.
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the mckinsey global institute predicts that up to three hundred seventy five million people may lose their jobs to computers and robots hello i'm an ai t.v. presenter i say whatever i'm program to say i'll be taking over from here. looks like i can pretty much already do my job this rubble present was developed by china's shin who a news agency and is modeled on the real t.v. host the advantage is this fellow never makes mistakes and never gets tired which saves money. i could take a bunch of different jobs today seventy one percent of all work to ask is still performed by humans with machines doing the other twenty nine percent but a study by the world economic forum estimates that by twenty twenty five the majority of tasks could be performed by machines and some jobs have already been
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automated to date. information desks learning a new language with a virtual instructor. a robot. these are just a few examples of areas where. we can replacing human. artificial intelligence has made huge leaps forward and is ideal for doing repetitive jumps. at university hospital mannheim doctors analyze patient data. and helps to identify. the technology itself learning it uses millions of other example images to assess whether it is malignant or not it helps reduce the number of operations that aren't strictly necessary doctors seem to welcome the technology . artificial intelligence isn't replacing us on the contrary. soon we'll be using these systems much more than we ever heard of the
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past. effectively be serving us and helping us bring together millions of individual data points it's a song to play. company meanwhile ai software to help screen job applicants the program analyzes candidates facial expressions and changes in their voices using algorithms. this gives employers additional information on which they can base their decisions. in the course of about a twenty or thirty minute interview we can collect one hundred thousand. data points about your voice the vocabulary use your intonation and your facial expressions and correlate all of that to success in a job. deciding if i'm a suitable candidate for a job spooky stuff but what exactly is official intelligence.
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he's a researcher at the german research center for ought to officially intelligence advisor on the subject and is an expert on all things. he says there is not one single form of intelligence instead the term refers to all instances where software before intelligent costs that used to be performed by humans. like human intelligence there isn't a general artificial intelligence which going to solve various challenges instead what we have various different ai systems. and there's a complete go. well a forth can control an insulin pump each is trained with different data sets and uses a different technology. there are two kinds of artificial intelligence referred to as strong and weak strong ai is basically capable of doing anything a human can this is the kind that worry some people and let the imaginations of hollywood directors fly we're currently nowhere near developing strong ai ai on the
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other hand learns one particular skill like the ability to recognize images where major progress has been made recently. ok so there are different types of ai strong ai which can perform any tasks humans can but we haven't developed technology of those advanced yet and then this week which simulates human cognitive function like judging someone's mood by analyzing their voice. one way of teaching ai systems is machine learning. in the workplace is usually a type of machine learning software meaning it can teach itself using data sets or experience. to recognize the number nine it does this by breaking the image down into individual pixels each pixel has distinct characteristics the neural network analyzes these and compares them with other readjusts itself until
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it reliably recognize. great progress has been made a machine. system recently managed to be the world's best player in the complex chinese. that system used to machine. learning with neural networks. neural networks are mathematical computer structures that mimic the human brain. the mathematical nodes. these are arranged in various layers which are interconnected. networks are specially suited for recognizing passions and large datasets helping to form repetitive tasks these systems learn through experience and adapt accordingly. so not so easy to understand how a neural networks work to put it simply if a network wants to analyze something it breaks it down into its parts for example
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for a neural network to understand the difference between apple pie and cheesecake it will first look at the recipes and study the ingredients or parts of both and find out what differentiates the two. this is known as pattern recognition and has nothing to do with creativity but speaking of creativity the fresh produce drama shows things could make you know if you think the region is going to change our lives. for all of us on the planet but also for we have to admit that in the next in the next ten years algorithms. gents will be able to create music or your novels original movies. this is. the painter roman that he is also keen on ai. he uses software that analyzes and reinterprets his works.
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the machine learning system deconstruct his works and then rearrange them. lipski uses the ai made images as inspiration and sometimes incorporates them into his new pieces. the movie and marketing industry is experimenting with ai as well this car ad for example is based on a script generated by i.b.m.'s watson computer system the program was fed award winning ads for cars and luxury products along with that on the japanese carmaker and the project that was the input what came out is an emotional clip in which the car narrowly escapes destruction. although the director of the ad was still human namely the award winning filmmaker kevin macdonald i think we all like to flatter ourselves as human beings that we have a unique way of understanding the world that could ever replicate and i think it's going to be very interesting things that make us laugh make us cry. it's actually
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been created by computer. designing it's got to be a highly creative task the software company autodesk which creates programs for architects and designers is currently to. program called generative. understanding of what works. impressive stuff but with thousands of design ideas. creativity and how do we even define creativity that's a tricky question just like trying to figure out whether. our working lives. just
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make our jobs disappear. futurologists are divided on the issue. the dystopian take on ai goes like this companies will invest in ai systems these systems will grow increasingly powerful gradually they will take over. fewer and fewer companies will survive and unemployment will skyrocket the welfare state as we know it will cease to exist. the more optimistic vision sounds like this will do all the burdensome boring and onerous jobs for us we'll have more time for creative. funny nurses and teachers look at the respect they deserve we'll have loads of free time to enjoy. if machines can start doing let's say repetitive or dangerous or unpleasant jobs then we as a society should start thinking about where people are needed precisely because they are people in kindergartens in the health care sector and hospitals in n.g.o.s
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or to help refugees integrate into society i think the digital age is giving as a fresh start so to speak it's allowing us to really decide how to organize and distribute work in society. could be a gift for us. and i will definitely transform the workplace sold to varying degrees in particular it will take over jobs that are physically demanding and repetitive as well as some creative jobs but do we really want that a recent poll shows that many germans are skeptical about ai in the workplace seventy six percent say it's unclear who is liable when screws up sixty eight percent fewer jobs could be scrapped and sixty six percent of respondents said the human eyes work. but those questioned also see some advantages forty eight percent believe ai will allow humans to focus on more important costs thirty four percent
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think ai could help cut working hours and twenty three percent say it will reduce human arrows and i was a very powerful tool but it's not going to solve all of our problems just like it's not going to take down the world the important thing is to figure out the match between where the technology needs and what the technology is capable off we as a society need to decide where we want to see a i applied before businesses make that decision for us some jobs will disappear but new ones will emerge because we'll need people to program and controlled ai systems what do you make of the i. tell us on facebook or on d.w. dot com next that good bye.
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