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tv   Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  February 9, 2019 10:30pm-11:01pm CET

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the world may. be. your moments sixty minutes. this you know i mean in your monotonous incline us. up a closer but most of the time what i'm focused on amuse you know what i'm what what i'm organize you know i'm not going to sit there i'm. going see it because i see if i say i say quote i've only said that i caught it going on what they're doing finding. long and. hello and welcome to the latest edition of the environment magazine eco africa like every week we will be presenting reports and sustainability and best practices in action from africa and you're up. here in the faucet in the vibrant lagos
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nigeria and joining me as always is my colleague from the show and that's the danger. hey auntie nice to see you again and greetings to all your africa viewers out there as n.t. said we have a lot in store for you on the program here's a quick peek at what's coming up. thousand members one goal and all those ation and told go is doing on a pad to get communities interested in climate protection. after being driven out well over a century ago wolves are making a comeback in germany but not everyone is thrilled about it. for me a man in uganda who is building bikes from a steady fast growing and earth friendly plants. we begin the show right here in south africa a country with a long and varied history a site known as the cradle of humankind is less than a hundred kilometers from where i'm standing. their visitors can see fossils three
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point five million years old many customs and beliefs still hold strong what is a steadfast faith in traditional medicine as many as eighty percent of south africans still turn to moti to treat what ails them derived from the word meaning tree moti makes use of products found in nature but demand for some of them is starting to outstrip supply so measures are being taken to cultivate important medicine or plants. with. their markets for traditional medicines and over south africa this is where he led some gomez stock up on everything they need from harvest marks and roots to pass believed to have healing properties. is a single mom he buys moved here use this house with different people just like forecasting always and sometimes. speaking i don't know where it is
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coming from and i don't. have to start in order to me to the huge demand for me to see no hams i have a stake in south africa on a scale that is no longer sustainable the back of the tree for example is widely used even though it is on the brink of extinction healers use it to treat kids just complaints malaria and even nightmares. if for stripped of its bark a tree will die in kruger national park in south africa there are few species left . we have to protect the people about trees from illegal have people sneak into the park and steal the branches and roots they make a lot of money because outside the. trees have already disappeared because we have . this indigenous
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a planter nursery in the park breeds trees. by louis and kerry one hundred have been involved with the project for several years. paper box trees don't produce fruit or seed in the world but we managed to source some seed from an area over seven hundred kilometers away from scripture this group isn't a shrink gross a province on and i get distributed to the community. nobody knows why they don't produce seeds anymore one theory is that it has to do with the climate getting hotter and drier. the nursery has already bred and distributed thirteen thousand young trees in the area around the plant. when there is. the bell and they leave a new batch to a village they also hold a watcher with local people. about a million people live in the media to be seen to scuba. is a healing practitioner. works for the packet ministration there workshop is just
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for healing is this plenty of interest because there is a severe shortage of medicine of plants. professional truck and still huge amounts to supply customers in the cities saw local hillel's need alternative sources we teach them how to plant how to do to have it in a sustainable way so that tomorrow or maybe somebody else if he comes you can also get this it is never planned all the healers at the workshop get some samples to plant on their land so they have their own source of leaves and back and after the fish and with the healers the loose women and rosy mommy and i meet a woman who took part in their very first workshop six years ago. this evening's a rosa choky go back there affluent evidence the propagation project is making
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a difference she is happy she no longer has to buy her lives and can help her colleagues. by their products i can even have a sleeves and give them to other humans who need some gently the more the project takes roots the less the pressure on the trees growing wild in the park the old from the ones in roots chokers got in is enough find time village other hillel's my to cut and plant their own. i find it really fascinating that ancient practices and traditions are drawing so much attention from the pharmaceuticals company. the medicines of the future are often based on compounds produced by plants and speaking of profit and the future food security is a serious concern as old population grows and grows we need to figure out how to feed everyone agnes carey but as someone who's devoted most of her korea to this
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issue r.t.w. reporter met up with her to talk about it. for africa food security is important because a significant proportion of offer them some of the small hole do so if you look at food security one of the things the media to the comes to mind is it's
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a basic human need for people to be able to have food so it's a basic requirement that's number one number two most of the conflicts we see within the civil conflicts with the regional conflict some of them in from time immemorial come from the from the food wasn't enough so the idea of food security loosely shortened hope people have to give them to also has a put on a spirit of the economy and how deep pockets help people invest in that i think it's very difficult for communities to listen over things if the food is not secure so really three things. basic human need very important to the economy and very important to how we live together and avoiding conflict. when i was growing up i didn't even know the idea of improved seeds that existed i
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didn't even know that things that for the lessons existed so we planted what we could what we planted we planted what we heard whether it was a fish it lots of fish and we had no idea to do. me nearly every village you find farmers have access to improved sink from us have access to for places from was have is to put into that we don't owe them to double triple the us so we want to ensure that they produce more on the one thing that they can make money from what the of to use and so we've improved since we invest in ensuring that in the local communities in the local environment they have access to good see the not means investing in research. ooc touches and on the environment in the sense that farmers use the land to produce whatever they're producing they use water to produce whatever they're
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producing so it's very important the to ensure that from wasn't using one of the don't feel the need to cut more trees to use more than the texture they can produce more with less land and that's where improved varieties that produce five tons was opposed to half a time a critical the whole process actually prevent the need to use and to degrade the environment with us more we need to understand that the climate is changing because we're stressing the environment so rotten no we're dealing with how dream cruise you don't want here but we went also have to come up with is this the right thing to do or can we come up with the solutions so i think you're going to have to be more creative and be very aware of the impact you have in the environment as we do that. that sounds really hopeful let's hope she's right there are lots of ways to support sustainability and if you have enough passion it can help you turn
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a good idea into reality that's true felicia as we're about to see in this week's doing your bit a man in uganda who is passionate about cycling has started making bike frames from old. but fast growing plant it's a concept this is your future. there are a lot of good reasons to ride a bicycle it's inexpensive healthy and emissions free but it takes a lot of resources to produce steel and other medium frames. in uganda. makes bike frames from bamboo. is bikes a light but also strong and durable good at absorbing vibrations. who is one of the fastest growing plants on earth to make friends in many countries
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but no audience have a twist in reinforces the joints with clubs another locally sourced natural product . so far norton has sold over eight hundred bike frames many in european countries. and how about you. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your story. here only quote africa we report a lot on species on the verge of extinction but happily every now and again we also hear about animals and plants we turn into areas where they had been wiped out war for instance have been reintroduced in germany and their numbers have increased steadily over the past few years but the move was controversial so it's no surprise
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that livestock owners and animal rights activists our blog how best to handle the predators. it might be odd to think of the wolves injured. but there are an estimated three hundred eleven burgle all that's the state surrounding berlin the wolves usually hunted dusk or at night silently and in taxes and their number is growing. farmers are all too aware the packs hunt wild animals but also livestock out in the fields it's taking its toll financially for brandenberg farmer . for the wolves are causing so much trouble he's worried about his livelihood. he lost forty calves in twenty seventeen ten times more than a year before. brandenburg has responded to the farmers' plight they've authorized hunters to shoot wolves if as in the case of yogen fences they have repeatedly
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attacked livestock or a human being. animal protectionists are concerned stefan who has been tracking a pack of wolves in his neighborhood for years and is convinced the situation isn't that dramatic. and as long as the world is lured in with food it will avoid humans of course or worse for the do you see these fresh wolf tracks only a few hours old in nine years i've only seen one five or six times a day usually very shy i just observe. mostly observes the wolves using camera traps and. of those the owner of the can turn because he had the camera it's a black flash that we can see that he's wearing. what a says the animals should be allowed to live in brandenburg permission to shoot wolves is unnecessary and only a cause for scaremongering. these twenty one days is an endangered species the few
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wolves we have ongoing to wildly multiply up thirty percent a year i can't listen to this argument anymore we barely have one thousand wolves in germany. barely one thousand but for most hunters that's still too many the brandenberg hunting association demands a more limited population they say this large predator doesn't fit in the modern landscape they want fixed shooting quotas and more freedom to decide when a wolf must be shot some say just a single pack in an entire german preserve would be enough. if you ever think you are or one track is about four to six animals they can live sustainably or they can rear their young have a home it's clear to everyone if you want to see more wolves go to the zoo. get everyone on the same page is going to be a challenge. but amid the bitter
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disputes between hunters farmers and animal rights groups hikers still has hope for the future of the wolves in germany the missing bit of them all been because we need to work together until it's better of. working with the hunting community like this is groundbreaking for it so you have the time you just get resistance down the wall shoot the most and i just shake my head coming it's wolves were driven out of the country one hundred years ago integrating the animals back into modern day germany despite the difficulties is a task only humans can do. our next report comes from togo what can young women africa do to promote climate protection well sarah has been working on a solution for fifteen years and that's when he started young volunteers were environment a part african nation we thirty two representatives on the continent twenty five
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chapters in togo alone every year when i was weeks helping small towns and villages we've been telling china raising awareness about preserving natural resources and using them with knocking on the fish and c o. p's performances celebrate the environment the dancers costumes are made out of coca sacks from the region the annual festival called the cultural biodiversity weeper c.b.w. has been held for fifteen years now. it's organized by environmental activists in our luca. in my language we say if you want to know me watch me dunce and listen to me sing. with song and dance my people express their attachment to the land and their respect for biological diversity. the guests
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at the festival are also offered a range of local scene. the idea is to convince farmers in the area to grow native varieties. the season was over. we have a great diversity of local seeds in our region and we promote them because they're more adapted to our climate unfortunately the farmers use a lot of cheap imported seeds which are not adapted to our soil and don't produce good yields. the people here in southwestern togo live from agriculture farming grain kosov a rice coffee and cocoa. but the ground has been depleted of nutrients and many farmers now use pesticides and chemical fertilizers on their crops. we use pesticides on crops. like here with the young because. otherwise the insects will destroy the leaves i need to use the pesticide at least three times for it to grow.
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the plants might grow faster but the pesticides pollute the ground water and the river say now luka remembers how much cleaner the environment used to be that's what motivated him to become an activist. you see how this field reaches all the way to the river water so the river doesn't breathe anymore it can't grow bigger and can't play its natural role of climate regulator and the sediments don't nourish the ecosystem here political system you see. but it's not just about chemicals contaminating the water deforestation is another major environmental problem here. because. every day i see what's going on i have desolation illegal logging. you know some trees that are more than one hundred years old with great value for my people of being caught
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a disappearing and sometimes being sold for next to nothing. seeing that luca wants to boost young people's awareness that's why he plants trees with children and the c.b.w. festivities. we learned how to plant trees because we need them to live in our environment the forest is important because it gives us life rain fruits and trees. and their support from the villagers in the evening older people talk to the younger generation to encourage them to care for the environment. but i'm very happy to take part in these meetings for example i learned today that in the past they didn't use any fertilizer and they still succeeded in having a great harvest by leaving the fields follow and i learned how to protect the forest. at the end of the week long
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festival the children perform a play. two sons talk to their father about deforestation and climate change. the cultural biodiversity we give them a chance to practice what will hopefully become a lifelong roll out of protectors of the environment. yet another example of how important to get kids and young people involved in the fort to protect our precious planet and its resources yes and as you know and that includes the animal kingdom the number of west african chimpanzees has been declining for decades primarily due to factors that have nothing to do with mother nature such as deforestation poaching human encroachment and civil war but in n.g.o.s liberia provide sanctuary for many chimps where they are looked after by veterinarians and caring keepers.
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and that. is just one to have a mother was killed by hunters and sold. a mindless. came to the library and. protection center wanting to send. a staff member record is that conversation or how much are you trying to so one. hundred. words with john ok well you know that's a legal. way i know i'm going to have you here and here go through this and that doesn't seem to understand but maybe cheaper wouldn't survive alone in the wild in the bush lead with your mother's until they're five years old jenna briggs has become a foster parent she looked after l.f. for the next four years is lucky to have such
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a devoted carol i read an interview with him i love there so much. place for them in the future please when he grew up there. they would have been people do they also feed them. they definitely. yes i live there will be see if they've. been fed now it's time for grooming and playing. in a few months and i will go to the big outdoor enclosure to play with the because chimpanzees there are twenty four there but so many mouths to feed it's a nonstop job for the team. caring for once. a year. it's important the staff know how to treat them there was animals after all. if you
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are not in mopeds you can't get them in the house because they're scared to everything but sometimes as soon as they reach certain age some time still come and take you forward and put it in their mouth the awful. population has been in decline for decades doing that all civil wars they were a sought after source of meat what left it to jim desmond his wife jenny have been running this sentence is two thousand and fifteen today caring for the young animals keeps the team busy so far the desmond's have funded me sheeted many others . they haven't had the means to integrate the anymore into wales. but now they're going to a station has found and purchased a suitable land and they plan to set up a protected area of fifty square kilometers on the river island not far from the capital monrovia it's going to be great because it's going to be a natural environment for them to learn how to climb the certainly some food that
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they'll be able to eat but they'll learn about living in the wild and then if we ever do a reintroduction program where we have to have a secondary site where we then to teach them you know about the force that they would be living in but really it's just going to be great for them it's just a more natural environment than the current environment that they're living on g.m. hopes to release the fast chimpanzees into forests next year and hopefully in a few years little will get to monkey around to back in their natural habitat. we've come to the end of this week's show thanks so much for joining us and do be sure to churn in again next time i'm felicia n.s.b. signing off for now from johannesburg. time for me to say farewell from lagos nigeria but remember you can always check in with social media platforms . a website so long for now.
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body found. are no longer. enough so. they can be how to train the pups. cultural centers all.
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over the world. your moment. on the. whole. hey listen. that's what video game music sounded like thirty years ago. today's tracks take the experience to another level a sense to him talk composer nobuo uematsu. featured in many well known to
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his music it's better to give you. some good. video game music starts february twenty fifth on d w. crimes against humanity. civilians become witnesses. are recorded ages travel around the globe just social media. but what is propaganda fiction what is fact digital investigators comb through the flood of images they combine sources trying to reconstruct what happened and substantiate claims of crimes thanks to this video recording of the soldier who shot me young man is on trial now. forensics between bits and parts. anything get. the chance because justice is about the
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truth. truth detectives starts feb fifteenth on t.w. . this is news live from berlin campaigning ramps up ahead of nigeria's elections with just one week to go tens of thousands rally in support of president mohamed who will hari what has he done enough to win another four years in power our correspondent has the latest also coming up more violence in paris says yellow best protesters clashed with police one man was seriously injured but the movement's
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leaders vow still keep marching or eight they were friends. and french artist and writer on the only.


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