tv Shift - Living in the Digital Age Deutsche Welle February 10, 2019 1:15am-1:30am CET
the subcontinent economically has made them billionaires. there reveling in their misfortune. is a rich little. rogers of the sort of europe. d.w. . could official intelligence soon be doing my job and what about designers doctors and bus drivers will they i assume do their work major advances are currently being made in ai technology and experts say it will radically transform the way we work could we all lose our jobs or is that just paranoia talking that's our topic on shift today. the mckinsey global institute predicts that up to three hundred seventy five
million people may lose their jobs to computers and robots hello i'm an ai t.v. presenter i say whatever i'm programmed to say taking over from here paul. looks like i can pretty much already do my job this rebel presenter was developed by china is she who a news agency and is modeled on a real t.v. host the advantage is this fellow never makes mistakes and never gets tired which saves money. take a bunch of different jobs today seventy one percent of all work to us is still performed by humans with machines doing the other twenty nine percent but a study by the world economic forum estimates that by twenty twenty five the majority of costs could be performed by machines and some jobs have already been automated to date.
artificial intelligence has made huge leaps forward and. the technology. it uses millions of other example images to. not it helps reduce the number of operations on strictly necessary. to fishel intelligence isn't replacing the country. soon will be using these systems much more than we ever. and helping us bring together million individual datapoints.
the program and its facial expressions and changes in the algorithm. this additional information in which they can. in the course of about a twenty or thirty minute interview we can collect one hundred thousand data points about your voice the vocabulary intimation and your facial expressions and correlate all of that success in a job. candidate for a job stuff. but what exactly is artificial intelligence. can tell us he's a researcher at the german research center for artificial intelligence advisors german parliament on the subject and is an expert on all things. he says there is not one single form of artificial intelligence instead the term refers to all
instances where software performs intelligent costs that used to be performed by humans. like human intelligence there isn't a general artificial intelligence which going to solve various challenges instead what we have various different ai systems. and there's a complete go. translate texts when a forth can control an insulin pump trained with different data sets and uses a different technology. there are two kinds of artificial intelligence referred to as strong and weak strong ai is basically capable of doing anything a human can this is the kind that worry some people and let the imaginations of hollywood directors fly we're currently nowhere near developing strong ai ai on the other hand one particular skill like the ability to recognize images are major progress has been made recently. ok so there are different types of
ai strong ai which can perform any tasks humans can but we haven't developed technology advanced yet and then the week which simulates human cognitive function like judging someone's mood by analyzing their voice one way of teaching systems is machine learning. is usually a type of machine learning software meaning it can teach itself using datasets or experience. how to recognize the number nine it does this by breaking the image down into individual. pixels each pixel has distinct characteristics the neural network analyzes these and compares them with others and readjust itself until it reliably recognizes the great progress has been made a machine. system recently managed to be the world's best player in the complex chinese. that system used to machine learning method called learning with neural
network. neural networks are mathematical computer structures that mimic the human brain. the mathematical nodes. these are arranged in various layers which are interconnected or. specially suited for recognizing passions and large datasets helping perform repetitive tasks these systems learn through experience and adapt accordingly. so not so easy to understand how a neural networks work to put it simply if a network wants to analyze something it breaks it down into its parts for example for a neural network to understand the difference between apple pie and cheese cake it will first look at the recipes and study the ingredients or parts of both and find out what differentiates the two. this is known as pattern recognition and has
nothing to do with creativity but speaking of creativity the fresh produce. thinks it could make the emergence of thought if you contingency is going to change our lives. for all of us on the planet but also for we have to admit that in the next in the next ten years algorithms. gents will be able to create original music original novels original movies. the painter roman lives he is also keen on ai. he uses software that analyzes and reinterprets his works. the machine learning system deconstruct his works and then rearrange is that . he uses the ai main images as inspiration and sometimes incorporates them into his new pieces. the movie and marketing industry is experimenting with ai as well
this car ad for example is based on a script generated by i.b.m.'s watson computer system the program was spent award winning ads for cars and luxury products along with that on the japanese carmaker and the project that was the input what came out is an emotional clip in which the car narrowly escapes destruction. the director of the ad was still a human namely the award winning filmmaker kevin macdonald i think we all like to flatter ourselves as human beings that we have a unique way of understanding the world that could ever replicate and i think it's going to be very interesting things that make us laugh and make. this actually being created by computer. designing is thought to be a highly creative task the software company autodesk which creates programs for architects and designers is currently ten. program called generative.
very sturdy very light. impressive stuff but with thousands of design ideas. creativity and how do we even define creativity that's a tricky question just like trying to figure out whether it will make our working lives. or just make our jobs disappear. are divided on the issue. dystopian take on like this companies will invest in ai systems these systems will grow increasingly powerful gradually they will take over. fewer and fewer companies
will survive and unemployment will skyrocket the welfare state as we know it will cease to exist. the more optimistic vision sounds like this will do all the burdensome boring and onerous jobs for us we'll have more time for creative pursuits and for social work. look at the respect they deserve to have loads of free time to enjoy. if machines can start doing let's say repetitive or dangerous or unpleasant jobs then we as a society should start thinking about where people are needed precisely because they are people like in kindergartens in the health care sector and hospitals in n.g.o.s or to help refugees integrate into society i think the digital age is giving as a fresh start so to speak it's allowing us to really decide how to organize and distribute work in society. could be a gift for us. and i will definitely transform the workplace sold through
varying degrees in particular it will take over jobs that are physically demanding and repetitive as well as some creative jobs but do we really want that a recent poll shows that many germans are skeptical about ai in the workplace seventy six percent say it's unclear who is liable when screws up sixty eight percent fewer jobs could be scrapped and sixty six percent of respondents said that the human eyes work. but those questioned also see some advantages forty eight percent believe ai will allow humans to focus on more important thirty four percent think ai could help cut working hours and twenty three percent say it will reduce human arrows and eye is a very powerful tool but it's not going to solve all of our problems just like it's
not going to take down the world the important thing is to figure out the match between where the technology needs and what the technology is capable off we as a society need to decide where we want to see a i applied before businesses make that decision for us some jobs will disappear but new ones will emerge because we'll need people to program and controlled ai systems what do you make of ai. tell us on facebook or on d.w. dot com next time goodbye.
good. oh genre that's so much more than just background music video game music starts february twenty fifth on d w. many people dream of a holiday like this but for digital no matter how much can service workplace they can set up office anywhere any time all they need is a laptop and internet access. it extends as a team of people think it's nonstop found that it's a permanent vacation but every lifestyle has its advantages and disadvantages. this particular lifestyle was made possible by the digital revolution which.