tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle February 16, 2019 12:02am-12:30am CET
words of u.s. president donald trump as he declares a national emergency in order to build his border wall in an unprecedented move which promises to be challenged i'm sara kelly and our lead this is the day. i'm going to be shining a. national emergency. because we have an invasion of drugs invasion of gangs invasion of people and it's unacceptable to expect to be sued i shouldn't be shouldn't i what we were really want to do is simple it's not like. it's complicated first of all we want to stop drugs from coming into our country we want to stop criminals and gangs. from coming into our country and they say don't work was work one hundred percent would have been great to have done it earlier but i was a little new to the job
a little due to the profession. and also coming up on the program did have use my fader and scott roxboro at the burl and international film festival guys what do you have. we have coming up an amazing documentary about aretha franklin r.-e. s.-p. e.-c. t. say to do w. she sounds like you guys like that we look forward to hearing more. but first we begin in the united states where president donald trump says that he is declaring a national emergency to free up funds to build a wall along the mexican border he said the bill approved by congress on thursday provided insufficient funding for the project declaring and that emergency allows the president access to budgets usually air marked for other purposes that mr trump says that he needs about eight billion dollars and he was confident that his administration would defeat the expected court challenges. and here he is at
today's rose garden news conference i'm going to be signing a national emergency we're talking about an invasion of our country with drugs with human traffickers with all types of criminals and gangs we fight wars that are six thousand miles away wars that we should have never been and in many cases but we don't control our own border so we're going to confront the national security crisis on our southern border they say world's don't work walls work one hundred percent let's get more on this we're joined from washington by david beer and immigration policy analyst with the cato institute think tank he's also helped draft legislation for a u.s. lawmaker welcome to the program david thank you so much for joining us and i'd just like to begin by asking you we've seen trump now here declaring a national emergency to build this border wall is this
a national emergency. it's definitely not a national emergency based on any kind of criteria that you would consider object of in terms of the amount of only legal immigration into the united states were near record lows over the last few years. it really has not presented any kind of evidence that drug smuggling has increased in fact all the evidence is that drug smuggling along the border has actually decreased as a result of the marijuana legalization zz that have taken place in the united states so less fewer drugs are coming across the border in recent years so he really hasn't made the case that this is a crisis that cannot be handled with the existing funds that congress has provided him moreover the fact is the president has just signed legislation or will just
sign legislation from congress to address this problem and so if it was a crisis congress had time to to act and so there is no reason for the president to act unilaterally i mean you're an expert on these things immigration facts and figures and you say that it just simply does not back the rhetoric and the move that is being used right now i'd like to ask you about that a little bit more later in our interview but i mean first you know let's talk about the precedent of this because donald trump he had a very different view on bypassing congress for funding and i'd like to play something back from twenty fourteen he was on fox news the program fox and friends they asked him about that then president obama's executive action that would stop the deportation of undocumented parents of children born in the united states and here's what trump had to say i'll get your reaction there after that we get back at the very very curious thing that hit me over it easily but the supreme court we're looking now at
a situation you're apt to routinely not pass. as the president done something worthy of impeachment and should he be impeached well i think it's something that was unconstitutional i mean i think certainly could be a pretty. i mean i want to ask you to delve into constitutional law but president trump is going to face some stiff opposition to this move right i mean help give our international viewers a sense of why well congress is supposed to have complete authority over what money is spent on and so the idea that the president is going to be unilaterally deciding where what projects to fund really runs contrary to the basic structure of the u.s. government now the president is going to point to some vague statutes that give him the authority to you know make certain actions were guarding border security. so
it's definitely open to debate whether or not this will be stopped by the courts or not but it's definitely out of this period of the constitution when it comes to who should be deciding how money is spent under our constitution ok you mentioned a little bit earlier that this is not you know a national emergency in the strictest sense of the actual situation that's on the ground there but you know whether it's an emergency or not let's just drill down into the situation for people who are living on the border because i mean illegal immigration it does cause some problems for communities there how severe are those challenges based upon your research and analysis. well illegal immigration on the whole has been a great benefit to the united states i mean the illegal population in the united states is overwhelmingly employed they work very tough difficult jobs that many americans have no interest in performing they create job opportunities for other
americans. further up the wage scale so the idea that it's an economic harm to us to have the illegal immigrants that we have the problem is that they're not able to come legally and congress should really address that by making legal immigration much easier in my opinion but the idea that the illegal population has harmed this country is just inaccurate whether you look at the economics or whether you look at security and public safety illegal immigrants mean united states are far less likely to end up behind bars for crimes than their native born u.s. born counterparts so the idea that illegal immigrants are a threat or a problem in the united states stopped borne out by the facts based on the government's own data on this now providing a counter perspective to the one that we heard from the u.s. president today at the white house we thank you so much for joining us with that
expertise david bear immigration expert from the cato institute there in washington d.c. we appreciate. three days of high stakes a global debate and closed door meetings are underway in southern germany it is the first day of the munich security conference and the fifty fifth edition brings together an unprecedented number of international decision makers that includes the largest ever u.s. delegation and the host germany is focused on cooperation at all levels. he couldn't have made a stronger statement the head of the munich security conference opened the meetings wearing and e.u. who deep. most important issue no one's world leaders to know that europe has to fulfill its role within the growing struggle of the superpowers to use a russia and china all of the new leaders carry an even greater responsibility than in the recent past security europe cannot afford to show any weakness and that
is why germany's foreign minister was enough underlined began by greeting her british counterpart kevin williamson and emphasizing the strong partnership between their countries despite brics that there is no better place there is no better time to underline the friendship between our two countries germany and the u.k. stand together shoulder by shoulder as all soldiers do every day in their missions the next williamson emphasized that the u.k. and the european union will continue to work closely in the area of security and nato. for while the united kingdom is leaving the european union i want to start by saying our commitments to european security remain steadfast. one immediate and uniting challenge is how to deal with russia because of new
russian nuclear myside the us has withdrawn from the nuclear arms treaty i n f. worries that a new cold war might begin. in munich strictly guarded by a show horse hotel top politicians and experts are meeting to discuss how a second cold war could be averted germany wants to do all they can to save the nuclear arms treaty i n f foreign minister held talks with russian foreign minister sergei lavrov of the act alone going to russia's current behavior with the i.n.f. treaty hints at the negative impact this could have for the security of everyone involved and especially for us in europe. given the crisis surrounding the preservation of the oil and if treaty we need greater dialogue between americans europeans and the russians. high level us through presents tips like even the trump are attending the conference before arriving in munich u.s. five president mike pence visited to form
a continuation camp auschwitz on his flight from poland to germany he accused iran of using the quote same anti-semitic hatred as the nazis. let's get more on this now we are joined by ben hodges a strategic expert at the washington based research institute the center for european policy analysis and former commander of the u.s. army in europe he joins us from the munich security conference this evening welcome to the program and thank you so much for joining us sir i'd just like to begin by asking you because germany's defense minister ursula funder line she spoke about overturn of competition between great powers and distinguished really nato's values and interests from those of other alliances and therefore i'd like to know from your perspective is the nato alliance strong enough right now to stand up against those changing dynamics. sara thanks for give me the opportunity to address that
nato is the most successful alliance in history the world we've been through a lot of different challenges over the last seventy years we've had multiple from the united states to end point multiple presidents different congresses and different secretaries of defense but the commitment to united states remains steadfast and so i i think american leadership is what's going to keep our alliance effective as well as successful but surely we have to continue to adapt to this changing security environment we've been fighting in counterterrorism operations for the last more decade and a half but this return to great power competition has reminded us that we also need to high in capabilities and so all of us including the united states are working hard to to regain those competencies ok i mean some would say though that there are some cracks in the nato alliance and trump himself has you know questions that the common defense clause in recent years you know we're also seeing another dynamic
we're seeing these increased tension really between russia and the west and in fact just today the head of the conference wolfgang ischinger said that europe must prepare itself for an arms race is that where we're headed. so it's not helpful when the president calls into question article five never in my life did i magine the american president would do that but i again i would say watch what we do not what gets tweeted and the facts the boots on the ground the amount of money that the congress has continued to provide for defense and security in europe i think are manifestations of america's commitment so if you take a longer term view a strategic view of the alliance america's commitment i'm not worried but i am disappointed that the president and others sometimes do call into question and that's a gift to the russians every single time now. an arms race. i don't think an arms
race is the correct way to describe it but it is important that the alliance does everything we need to do to ensure that we have the capability to deter russia that means you have to have capability you have to demonstrate a capability you have to demonstrate the will to use that capability and really the most important part of this is the cohesion of the alliance twenty nine as they seem to gather yet i'm sorry to interrupt you there but did i mean where do you really stand now on the u.s. withdrawal from this nonproliferation agreements i mean was this the wrong decision on the part of the administration are they better you know trying to achieve this within the framework of the agreement or do you agree with the pullout on the united states side. i think it's important to. look at this in fact the fact is that russia pulled out of it several years ago when they began violating the treaty so i wish there was had been more concern about what russia's been doing for the last over years versus the the u.s.
decision to announce its withdrawal obviously i would have preferred that we had a and i.n.f. treaty that was modernized to take into account different technological advances but that it also addressed china india iran other countries that have continued to develop capabilities that are not. at errants to the i.n.f. treaty so in order to address these new challenges and also to call out the fact that russia has been in violation which every member of the alliance agrees with i guess this was the step that we had to take hopefully we can get to a new arms control process that has a better compliance protocol and also addresses the technological changes in the meanwhile china has developed capabilities that we have got to be able to counter i don't think this means a new arms race so. because of these technological advances i don't i'm not hearing
and i don't envision that the united states would come back to europe saying ok we need to put ground systems back on the ground here in europe ok ben hodges we thank you so much for your perspective i mean we just scratched the surface really there is so much that is being discussed at that three day conference there in munich but we very much appreciate your analysis especially considering your position as former commander of the u.s. army and your own thank you. today is the last day of the competition at the berlin film festival and down at the berlin allah we have is film experts and scott roxboro who is who are excuse me here to tell us the very latest about what is going on down there on the last day so tell us guys. yeah well today it's been a big day at the bell and we just had the premier of brazilian filmmaker gallo and the interesting thing for us here on the red carpet was there was a protest a large group of fans gathered along here and started chanting in support of the
brazilian the former president president lula who is now of course imprisoned and the interesting thing about it was the director and the actors of the film gathered around them and started chanting in support of this film you have to understand it is a sort of tricky political film right now in brazil it's about a former brazilian political figure who is a very divisive name carlos marie gallo who was around in the sixty's and was against the military military dictatorship and this film actually doesn't even have distribution in brazil right now that's how testy it is so this protest that we saw on the red carpet was very apropos of the political statement that the movie is trying to make and of what often happens here in berlin where the where international filmmakers come here to make a major political statement so they're heard back home ok interesting stuff you know perhaps on a lighter note now you guys were dancing a little bit earlier when you were talking about amazing grace and seemed to really
make an impression. oh such a beautiful beautiful film a real bright spots in the in the valley knowledge this year the veil and i usually has these dark political films about how terrible life is and how terribly people treat each other and this movie was just ninety minutes of pure joy it was a movie about a wreath of franklin that was actually shot in the one nine hundred seventy s. and they lost the footage for a while really found it remastered and made it into this beautiful little documentary that's really unlike any other music i mean this this this this is footage recorded for when franklin recorded her amazing gospel amazing grace in one nine hundred seventy two and what's interesting about this is a movie is it's not your standard music documentary it's not like thirty seconds of a song and then you cut to somebody who says all that was amazing song i remember we did it there's none of that it's just two days in in the in the church one half hours you just have the experience of being in the church with aretha franklin as
she produces unbelievable performance oriented but i mean why are you listening to you know two folks talking about it we've got some footage of aretha franklin we've got a piece on it while we take a look this is amazing grace listen. to celebrate what is one of the make music documentaries of who time santa says. johnson a church in front of them live audience in l.a. back in one thousand nine hundred seventy two as if the franklin record is the most successful gospel album in history and for a magical moment you could almost believe you that. now. you see you really believe that who are really getting the feedback and being. in the film and you will. see that you know there are.
things this one time playing. god. these are the men who made. the film was put in a vault and shot there for thirty five years until this man. made a couple of phone calls. just two or three. technical errors during the recording kept the film hidden for decades as well as legal challenges from the queen of soul has self she asked for of a large fee which was a lot larger than the budget of this crowd in this project and she yes she was she was five million dollars ok. if i had had it i did give it to me i mean news report movie. you can't go into a movie remade and not feel so forth there's something wrong.
going to sound like everything franklin didn't want this film to be shot if he ever needed the word mind to majesty it's. coupled with the reactions in the chat it's a power. play thing grace is a time capsule of tracing. the wishing it was never to. magic itself just watching that and of course all the more poignant you know considering that she passed away recently as well you know you guys have been down there. this whole time we know tomorrow we find out who the winner is of the top prize the golden bear time to weigh in guys. well i
personally am pulling for a little film called parana as well which is an italian film based in naples about these children and kind of their descent into the criminality and to gang life and it was a really personal very intimate film particularly because these were non actors who were starring in this film they were actually kids from these neighborhoods portrayed in parana as but as much as i'm going for that one is not exactly the front runner right now though i admired by a. taste and it is a good film that isn't much but it's it's not going to win what's going to win basically is it has to be the chinese film so long my son this is a credibly intimate movie three hour movie but it is spans a huge amount of chinese history about and it's really sort of a very subtle critique of the one child policy so it's also a very political film which always do well here in berlin and i have to say though . this is one chinese film that's here this is doing very well there was another
chinese film that was supposed to premier tonight yang jia moves one second it was pulled at the last minute maybe because of censorship in china so that's sort of hanging over this whole festival and the ceremony but i think that so long my son definitely has to win that's my that for tomorrow night and the golden bear ok thank you so much guys. we appreciate it. north and south korea are the first out of the blocks with their bid to join to host excuse me the twenty thirty two olympics it would be the first ever joint summer games and their proposal underlines how much tensions have eased on the korean peninsula in the last year. the two koreas marched in the one flag at last year's prion chang winter olympics in south korea a joint women's ice hockey team also competed it was all part of a big following of sporting and political relations between the two sides now at
a meeting with the international olympic committee in switzerland they're physically convey that they want to hold a joint summer olympics in twenty thirty two this is. the view. the. believe with. all of you on the. back is a big fan of the idea he already met with officials in north korea last year he toured sporting infrastructure in the largely secretive nation south korea says seoul will be the base for its half of a twenty thirty two bid with north korean capital pyongyang expected to hold the rest of the events there is still a lot to be decided but the korean press got one snippet of news regarding next year's summer olympics in tokyo. you will.
remember this is the. rose bowl and it is the view do. you. believe. jesus but there are critics of the bid despite improving relations even with the united states some i.o.c. members think kim jong un's country is not ready given its poor human rights record and years in the diplomatic wilderness. three lympics in a row are also already taking place in asia so the korean delegation. has lots of convincing to do and that's all now from berlin i'm sara kelly thank you so much for watching have a great day. but
well. this is a bit. of a subcontinent economics has made them billionaires. their. list for china. to charlie. just a bit. long w. . once upon a time there was a young girl. with a burning ambition. to become a conductor. i was a very curious child and very excited and in love with music and i would go to concerts with my parents and i always. hear him for being on stage with the musicians and being part of that magic it wasn't difficult for the first one.
to come oh world famous conductor ylem's of the night thank you elaine. starts feb eighteenth d.w. . the u.s. is closer than ever to a real trade deal with china according to donald trump anyway that's coming after days of talks between beijing and washington ended without one in sight also coming up. india's that could have the largest any youngest workforce in the next two years.