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tv   Close up - The Kim Dynasty  Deutsche Welle  February 26, 2019 4:30am-5:01am CET

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link clips. with field and definitional. party and chat with musicians from around the world. other live. make roofs every week on g.w. . this is the story of the confrontation between north korea a relatively insignificant dictatorship whose origins date back to the cold war and the united states of america one of the most powerful countries in the world and.
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this is a leader who really is an unknown personality people don't know much about him i think that. he's going to surprise on the upside but i've said it many times. you know the way they say that you know if you're going to like somebody in the first five seconds you hear that one well i think that very quickly i'll know whether or not. something good is going to happen. just days before their twenty eight hundred summit meeting in singapore donald trump and kim jong un had threatened to destroy each other's countries. and. he gave. me all the way and this is a storage meeting today we will sign an agreement that will put the difficulties of the past behind us this is a new beginning. if you. don't
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know hope the kim dynasty have been working toward a summit meeting with the united states for nearly seven decades with one goal in mind. thank you for. that goal has been to negotiate with the united states as an equal partner. who. among children for the kim jong un is the insignificant leader of an insignificant country standing up to the president of a superpower as president trump has launched a war of words against this dictator trump believes that he will win that war but he won't. just. because.
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i didn't follow. as you went through each generation of cameras and each iteration of us north korea relations i think the north koreans became increasingly look at best that nuclear weapons were there are insurance policy or their salvation and certainly when they became convinced of that when they saw what happened to be iraq when they saw what happened to libya the one thing that those two dictators and those countries did wrong was not having. and that the only thing that the united states respects is a country with nuclear weapons the united states has never attacked a country. the demilitarized zone divides the korean peninsula into north and south at the thirty eighth parallel. the armies of both sides face each other along the border.
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this standoff has continued since the end of the korean conflict in one nine hundred fifty three. in october two thousand and six north korea successfully carried out its first test of a nuclear device a move that threatened to upset the precarious balance of power in the region. a triumphant north korea says its latest a ballistic missile test demonstrates that it now has the capability to strike anyway in the united states. the nuclear test made headlines around the world but north korea's transformation into a nuclear power should come as no surprise. they've been working toward this goal for decades it's a sophisticated program that got its start even before the north korean state was founded in one nine hundred forty eight.
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during world war two many koreans were taken to japan a slave laborers so when the nuclear weapons went off in japan during world war two the many koreans had seen those weapons seen the effects knew about it they went home to korea after the war and described it to the green and the leadership picked up on the fact that this was a really big deal. at the end of world war two korea like germany was divided by the allied powers. the border between the two occupation zones was drawn along the thirty eighth parallel in the northern stone the soviet union installed kim il sung at the head of a provisional government. the democratic people's republic of korea was proclaimed
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in september nine hundred forty eight. in june one nine hundred fifty north korea invaded the south jonghyun was supported in this conflict by the soviet union and china the south by a un backed international coalition led by the us. the fighting dragged on for three years an estimated three million people were killed more than half of them civilians. u.s. general douglas macarthur was chosen to lead the coalition troops the us military reserve the right to use nuclear weapons in the conflict. that prompted north korea to pursue its own nuclear option. after the conflict ended in one thousand nine hundred fifty three kim il sung turned to china to help nuclear weapons. at that time china's nuclear program still
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in the planning stage. came to beijing to meet chinese leader moussa tong. but now was suspicious of kim's intentions and refused to accommodate. so kim turned once again to the soviet union. improve relations with north korea as a way to curb most unpleasant what. in the late one nine hundred fifty soviet union and north korea signed two agreements on the use of nuclear power. in the early one nine hundred sixty s. moscow supplied young yang with a small research reactor. u.s. military reconnaissance aircraft later provided images of the reactor site.
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their research facility went into operation in one thousand. clear scientific research center one hundred kilometers north of chung i don't know if you don't know by the one nine hundred eighty s. u.s. intelligence agencies were becoming concerned about the development of north korea's nuclear program. but they weren't able to find out much about it. we watched the north koreans build a small. covert gas graphite moderated nuclear reactor five megawatt hours since a researcher and a small reactor but it produces each year in its fuel about five kilograms or so of plutonium enough material for a single mature weapon each each year. by this time
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north korea had the technical capability to build nuclear weapons. in one nine hundred eighty five john yang ratified the nuclear nonproliferation treaty the n.p.t. mostly to ease international concern about its weapons program. by the late one nine hundred eighty s. the soviet block was collapsing and that meant trouble for moscow's allies including north korea. kim il sung was forced to find new sources of foreign assistance to help him revive the country's stagnant economy. this is. the root of the problems they had they joined the joining me except safeguards of course are.
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ultimately except inspections and inspections turned up an inconsistency in their declaration. conflicts director general of the international atomic energy agency visited the younger nuclear facility in may one thousand nine hundred two. north korea played a game of cat and mouse with the international inspectors and this went on for two years. in january one nine hundred ninety three at the new american president was sworn in to serve the church and defend the prostitution all the united states sort help me god so help me god. a few months later president bill clinton ended a trip to asia with a visit to the korean demilitarized zone. he met briefly with reporters at the
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so-called bridge of no return which crosses the military demarcation line. clinton said it was pointless for north korea to try to develop nuclear weapons because if they ever used them it would be the end of their country. more than twenty years later similar threats would be made by president trump. north korea continue to produce plutonium at the young brown facility and in june one thousand nine hundred four announced that it would pull out of the international atomic energy agency. tensions between pyongyang and washington were running high. the u.s. considered this options one of the things that was being looked at at that point was the possibility of striking north korea's reactor we knew where it was we knew where the facilities were. and so that was looked at very seriously all the things that were looked at were even broader military options. at
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a white house meeting on june. eckstein defense secretary william perry outlined the possible consequences of a military strike. just a few weeks later him ill son died. the man who had served as north korea's great leader for more than four decades now became the eternal president. clinton. he was succeeded by his son kim jong il. meanwhile north korea and washington continued formal talks in geneva the u.s. delegation was led by senior diplomat robert gallucci. young agreed to freeze the operation of its current nuclear reactors in exchange for new light water reactors
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to be provided by a consortium of states including the us. the new reactors could produce energy but not weapons grade plutonium. they go shooting objective and one thousand and four was to stop they put tony in production nuclear weapons program in north korea when we concluded the deal we did exactly that they had three reactors one operating two under construction to produce plutonium in one reprocessing plant to extract the brutality and we shot all of them down. all of the central intelligence agency projected at the north koreans would have roughly about two hundred kilograms of plutonium each year if we didn't do the deal. in january two thousand and one the new us president took the stage just for self protect and defend the constitution or w.
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bush soon put a stop to talks with north korea because. we'll do that as we go over the bush declared null and void anything that had been negotiated by the clinton administration. and tensions between north and south korea were running high at that point when it goes schumacher to ensure a smooth. so that. the nine eleven terrorist attacks changed the course of international relations. the united states took a more aggressive stance. north korea's regime arming with missiles and weapons of mass destruction. while starving its citizens states like these and their
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terrorist allies constitute an axis of evil arming to threaten the peace of the world. that was the fatal flaw of the bush strange they didn't like the agreed framework. ok you know we're like that's fine but have something ready to replace it with instead they left this enormous vacuum. and the north koreans just started up their program and never stopped since. your story is leaders realize that they now faced a very real threat from the united states in response they put their nuclear development program into overdrive. thousands of scientists and other technical experts were now working at the young gun site it was
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a massive effort for such a small country and it paid off. on october ninth two thousand and six north korea announced that it had successfully tested a nuclear device. an official statement was read out on state t.v. linen he will do we know it's korea has been forced to provide evidence of its nuclear capability. or to protect its national sovereignty against the threat of an attack by the united states. the test was fairly small but it did show that north korea was pushing ahead with its nuclear program. despite promises from bill clinton and threats from george bush. but also moving the metaphor a terrier in or
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a totalitarian regime like north korea has two advantages that own decisions are made quickly and strategies are designed for the long term. politico's kinds of strategies can offer real benefits mostly looked cool to in democratic countries like the us or japan the strategy can change with each new government. you saw when most of the winning but both those countries are fundamentally opposed to the development of a north korean nuclear weapon seeking a. useful time according to a will capitulate to the best of my ability well to as a new american president was sworn in north korea continued to play the long game preserve protect and defend the constitution of the united states so help you god so help me god graduations mr my. god prof obama promised to try to improve relations with north korea. but kim jong il had other ideas.
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at the outset of the obama administration. the president and his office his staff myself included sought to send messages to north korea to signal that we were interested in. pursuing or reinventing a diplomatic track so you send this message what was it was. the answer was a missile test in the first few months of the obama administration. you were on the offensive gesture it was an act of defiance and it's also going to ask the north koreans have a history of trying to break in a new leader are you there in south korea or in the united states.
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the younger nuclear facility expanded its operations the obama administration took note but continued to pursue its policy of strategic patience. you know the north koreans used to say to us your your policy is for two three patients a small piece patient as you want to register build a nuclear program and that's what they did you know unfortunately. the talks between the u.s. and north korea continued in new york the participants included robert carlin an expert on north korea's nuclear program who had visited the country often. remember two thousand and three are at sea characters first to john morris and me they took us to young ground they walked us into this facility which we were not really expecting we thought maybe we would see. a few centrifuges i don't know how
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many ten the hundred were just. and we would say oh yeah it's really impressive. instead they took it took us into this building. took us up to the viewing and there are two thousand centrifuges. they let us in our jaws dropped and we were sort of speechless as we tried to come through centrifuges and then they were steps out of there because they didn't want us to see them we think too much point worse somebody wanted. and that this and that the situation had become more common and we're going. to him jong il died in december two thousand and eleven. he was succeeded by his son kim jong un many western experts doubted whether the inexperienced young man would be up to the job. kim soon launched the first in a series of purges. in two thousand and thirteen he had his uncle the country's
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defector defense chief executed. kim's half brother was assassinated in malaysia in twenty seventeen his killers used a nerve agent called x. . him also continued his efforts to revive north korea's flagging khana me but his top priority was the development of the country's nuclear weapons program. when our nuclear capability preserves our national sovereignty and provides peace wealth strength and prosperity for our people but once cable news you know. kim jong un understood that mere nuclear tests would not make much of an impression
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on the u.s. he had to be able to threaten america on its own territory. so. he stepped up north korea's intercontinental ballistic missile program. in the final days of the obama administration kim jong un prepared to play his trump card and the acceptable act was announced january. twenty second. by considering it was using tends to use major seizure development in a most restrictive states. baiting missile to war to weapons . program to threaten the united states as they would say the united states threatens them. the timing of the announcement was no coincidence please raise your right hand and repeat after me adalah new american president was
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sworn in. trump do solemnly swear. to tomorrow with donald trump everything changed some u.s. presidents had been more tolerant of north korea with others less so. but no president had ever threatened to obliterate north korea that had never been an option but when did he get it there was a level of support them in september twenty seventeen president trump gave a provocative speech at the un mr secretary-general. mr president the world leaders and distinguished delegates. welcome to new york. this is a profound honor just stand here in my home city as a representative of the american people. now north korea's reckless pursuit of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles threatens the entire world. the united
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states has great strength and. page but if it is forced to defend itself or is out we will have no choice but to totally destroy north korea. rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and for is regime united states ready. kim jong un's response was equally belligerent. you would get a quote america will never be able to start a war against us today our nuclear weapons can reach any part of the united states the button is right there on my desk this is not blackmail but reality and america should know that. most go military attack us north korea has the possibility of escalating into a nuclear option that's the difference between today and ninety ninety four we were
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prepared to take more drastic actions in ninety four though we are prepared today and short nuclear weapons to do work as a deterrent they were for the united states is a deterrent they also work for north korea that in turn and that's exactly what the north korean leadership knows that's exactly why they built their nuclear arsenal to deter the united states from taking military action against there is in my judgment no military option against north korea today. despite his rhetoric president trump seemed to realize that a nuclear conflict with north korea was not an option. so he tried a different tack. in december twenty seventeen the u.n. security council imposed a tough new set of sanctions on north korea. the draft resolution received fifteen votes in favor of the draft resolution show has
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been unanimously as a result. are. r.-o. this was the latest in a series of sanctions that had been imposed by the security council on north korea since two thousand and six. kim jong un had maintained close ties to china but no relations with south korea think into thought. in april twenty eight thousand kim met the president in at the line of demarcation that divides the two countries. would. be a fool. and. it was the first time since the end of the korean war that a north korean leader had set foot in south korea and kim's first appearance before the international media. kim invited the south korean president to step across the
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d.v.r. cation line separating the two countries. because . the norm dorian regime is simply trying to create the impression that it will stop developing nuclear weapons it's all part of their master plan the presidents of south korea and the us will only be in office for a few years and then north korea will be able to establish itself as a nuclear power which is your home for nothing when you own one hundred sheep. at the singapore summit with president trump in twenty eighteen kim agreed to vague joint declarations but provided no specifics. too much. north korea has
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a specific plan under specific timetables and one group in the us has tried to interfere with that plan because our north korea had to react but this issue asian is extremely complex and a number of different countries are involved as it were to the united states has underestimated kim jong un and north korea for far too long hours and that has definitely made the situation on the korean peninsula was because on the program tomorrow i question the rest. of the.
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divine using kids that mouthpiece small to thought on the bottom trying not to believe him all kids come from the lips of her less subtle monologue. and we have come together as a collective stuff first and i've managed to do just a bit almost protesters getting our shot and being honored as i was like i should speak about all these things. not thirty minutes w. . and. it's the world's largest police organization interpol. in recent years that has cooperated with antagonistic states and speak these. are private donors influencing the super police. how independent are the international criminal police really. interview who controls the world police. in seventy five minutes on d w. if you ever have to cover up
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a murder the best way is to make an accident raring to me. never read a book like this. mr jermyn street. ex vatican treasurer cardinal george pell has been convicted of sexually abusing two choir boys an australian jury delivered unanimous guilty verdicts in december but the court had blocked reporting on the trial until today pelle is the catholic church's highest ranking official ever to be convicted of a sexual offense. north korean leader kim jong un has arrived in vietnam ahead of a summit with u.s. president donald trump the two leaders are meeting in hanoi on wednesday for talks aimed at reducing nuclear tension.

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