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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  March 1, 2019 1:02am-1:31am CET

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u.s. president donald trump cunt short his summit in vietnam with north korean leader kim jong un today he says kim wanted all sanctions lifted kim's people say they only wanted partial relief on trump is headed back to the u.s. capitol where a political firestorm rages his former attorney has accused him of crimes committed before and after truong became u.s. president tonight from hawaii to washington the question following the president who's telling the truth i'm bringing off in berlin this is the day. basically they want of the sanctions lifted. is there to. do couldn't do that i don't think don't trump president trump could afford to do let's close unquote that deal here and i don't think they were willing to deal with the english portion of the areas that we want to deal if you're jealous of him and i'm not willing to
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hear. that it would be the best as you know we couldn't give up losing jobs for this so we continue to work and we'll see which we can do to. walk away from the think situation i wonder whether you would ever reach agreement with the u.s. to do more if he did was the beard to do that probably it is very difficult for this experience to reach agreement because sooner or later it will be his and his family's. also coming up tonight almost a mile away did by war and extremism a country and its culture are now being rescued digitally at that time i couldn't imagine that this this is beautiful in the manner it would be destroyed often or at least of. the picture. so. it was very difficult to imagine what
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would happen for the country and also for the people. who do our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all the around the world welcome we begin the day with a u.s. president and the art of walking away from the deal today president trump abruptly ended his second summit with north korean leader kim jong un now the two men were apparently unable to take the next step in moving towards the goal of denuclearizing north korea before he left annoy vietnam today trump said that the north korean leader wanted all economic sanctions lifted but tonight north korea has rebuked trump saying the request was only for lifting part not all of the sanctions it's a reminder of how difficult denuclearization is no matter how many nuclear weapons are concerned north korea is thought to have
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a fairly small arsenal an estimated ten to twenty warheads now compare that to the number the u.s. or russia has more than six thousand you can see right there just a dwarf so it's not just about the number of nukes it's about who can launch the kim jong un wants the same passions against his country lifted goals the two sides apparently could not agree upon. there was no lunch and no signing ceremony instead president trump's motorcade headed away from the summit venue after talks broke off prematurely. the hanoi meeting was the second he's had with kim jong un after a summit in singapore last year critics called that one big on style and low on substance so this time donald trump was under pressure to deliver results a clear timetable from pyongyang for dismantling its nuclear program for example
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from the outset he made it clear that he wasn't going to be rushed. very very much for giving there really is not that important to be. found in perhaps the most public commitment to international demands yet a comment from north korea's kim jong un when asked whether he was ready to did new clear ice. you know filled with your generosity and if i'm not willing that that won't be iraq. it is. it will be the best answer you've ever but with pyongyang pressing its own demands president trump was left to explain why the talks fell apart so. basically they wanted the sanctions were. in their entirety and we couldn't do that. they were willing to do a new go large portion of the areas that we wanted but we couldn't give up all of
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the sanctions for the so we continue to work and we'll see but we had to walk away from that particular suggestion we had to walk away from. it was a dispiriting end to a much more meeting with the sanctions issue still far from resolved it appears the road to disarming north korea will be a long one. and where do we go from here to talk about that i'm joined by young hurdle she is from the german marshall fund her specialty of course the korean peninsula it's good to have you on the show i want to ask you about the rebuke coming from north korea this evening saying that the claim by the u.s. president that him wanted all sanctions to be lifted is not true what you make of that it's very interesting that they came out with a statement relatively quickly because normally the process goes different a it's more of a you play this in the north korean media kind of way so that means that they want to their narrative account a narrative out there relatively quickly. they have
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a lot to lose and they have a lot to gain from economic sanctions being lifted forty percent of the population is mal nourished at the moment they have a severe four celotex coming up so kim jong un wanted concrete results from this from the summit so this is they had more than they had more intention of actually having their message out in so you but you think it is true that the story we're getting from donald trump that donald trump is the one who walked away and said no more it's hard to say at this moment i think it's where at the at a moment where it's kind of like we're deconstructing what happened now way back and it will take a few days to really analyze the situation i'm going to look forward to the statement coming from beijing as well i would like to hear more from what sol makes of the situation i think is a bit early to tell at this point in time what about the possibility of a third summit do you think that will happen well it sound at. like it when donald trump gave his press conference and kim jong un has every interest in having another summit so i think there is not much reason not to have one the question is
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when it does seem a little bit like kicking the can down the road at the moment so maybe it will take a little while until the next summit comes up so he's better prepared at what this is the what was the what was the purpose of this summit then it's a very good question because one wit saying that if you know normally these are formalities you know only the leaders sign a document and sometimes it can meet the leader to give a little push and to give it back to take it over the tipping point but it seems like nothing was prepared or that day were going from completely different assumptions at this point in time and so i don't think that that this was a good timing for the summit and when you say nothing was repaired you mean on the american side well i think on both sides it seems to be a lack of understanding of the other's dumond's which should have been ironed out way before the summit. has been a very. undue nontraditional way of negotiating a top down trump has insisted on being the one being if they used to face was kim
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jong un but we know he's not a man for details and we know he does want to read is has he been taught a lesson here that maybe you need to let the lower level the diplomats the experts do their work first maybe that goes a little too far of actually being able to learn a lesson here and this at this point in time but i think it did underline the fact that you can pull off a single for something you can take all of the media attention that it gets and it will push the process forward and this is what actually happened as more movement that any time before on the korean peninsula was just something that if you thought it was you can't think of substance has to follow that is that the point and this has been well prepared so yes that his team also has to be able to negotiate on his behalf with the degree of authority which it apparently hasn't had so far the skin. in washington and the testimony by trump's former personal attorney michael cohen do you think that we could the position of donald trump in the eyes of
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conjunction i think that we can donald trump because his attention was in washington it wasn't and noise and i think that was a mistake he admitted in the press conference that he was actually watching some of the testimony in many of the touched and bothered him so i think for something as important as negotiations about denuclearizing the north korean peninsula with a dictator that's known for human rights violations you kind of need all the attention you have and you can't be with one foot in in washington d.c. so the timing of the summit was really not optimal yet you have to wonder who was more committed to this process and it just looking at the body language looking at the entire experience it seems that north korea went in more invested the dollar did or am i seeing that well they have more to lose and there's a lot of other stuff going on at the same time for donald trump for him not to focus on this so if this could have been an easy gain and then that's fine but at
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the moment i don't think he has the ability to focus on this two lives with all the other foreign policy and domestic challenges that he's facing you know that's a very good point younger also with the german marshall fund we appreciate your insights tonight thank you. when donald trump walked away from the talks in one noise but he will not be able to walk away as easily from the crisis awaiting him at home in washington d.c. yesterday his former fixer and personal attorney michael cohen testified before a congressional committee and accused the president of committing numerous crimes he also accused of being a racist about accusation triggered a verbal exchange revealing just how raw and unresolved racial issues in the united states are a republican congressman from north carolina mark meadows attempted to challenge mr
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cohen's accusation of racism he presented an african-american woman who works for mr trump and then this happened you made some very. demeaning comments about the the president that ms patton doesn't agree with in fact it has to do with your claim of racism she says that as a daughter of a man born in birmingham alabama that there is no way that she would work for it through or an individual who was races how do you reconcile the two of those as neither should i as the son of a holocaust survivor the fact that someone would actually use a prop a black woman in this chamber in this committee. is alone racist in itself. i asked someone who is a personal friend of the trump family who has worked for him who knows this particular individual but she's coming in to be a prop it's racist to suggest that i ask her to come in here for that reason you
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know mr chairman i do not call mr meadows racist and i am trying womanhood as a person of color mr chairman just to express myself and how i felt at that moment . or congressman meadows was obviously irate and did not want to be associated with racism his indignation however surprised us and it may surprise you when you consider the congressman's connection to the berger movement now birds referred to the people who pushed the faults notion that u.s. president barack obama was born not in the u.s. state of hawaii but rather in the african nation of kenya meaning he wasn't a u.s. citizen the movement is seen as racially motivated and an attempt to discredit the first black u.s. president in two thousand and twelve when he campaigned in north carolina for his current seat in congress mr meadows was asked by voters would he go to washington and do something to remove president obama from office here is congressman meadows
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answer watch it and will let you connect the dots from the if we do our job from the grassroots standpoint we won't have to worry that you know we will send him back home to you know where he is you know a little quiz in the next home and silly doing then. i believe what we will find is that we will get him to be under. a new commander in chief all right to talk about that and a little bit more i'm joined by marc fisher he's senior editor of the washington post marcus good to have you on the day the racism exchange that we saw yesterday on capitol hill how was that being reported in the united states. well i think it's just one more in a long series of debates that we've been having in this country about the nature of racism what defines racism. in
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a politically polarized climate such as we have this kind of very tough charge that is levied by both sides as you saw in the video from yesterday is emotionally powerful and just deepens the divides and so you saw the chairman of the committee . cummings trying to bring the two colleagues together and to get one to apologize to the other of the other to back off and it wasn't entirely successful but the moment was it was quieted down and this is just one more way in which we see the divisions of the country coming to the fore and. the inability of congress to overcome these divisions and come together on matters of policy is just one more symptom of that cultural divide the were you surprised mark by how evidence the the by divisions in society were on display in those hearings yesterday i mean for us looking at it from outside you know we thought it was remarkable that
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these alleged members of congress were not able to even put aside their partisan divisions for a couple of hours i mean how did you see. well i don't think the the tiff about racism was really i didn't see much attention being paid to that here in this country that sort of par for the course and accusations are leveled these days very easily and quickly. and so what this really was i think the whole experience of the michael cone testimony showed that as you say there are there is an inability to have common cause and searching for answers on the various mysteries surrounding russian involvement in the twenty six thousand campaign and so you saw in this long day of testimony that there was not in the bipartisan
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effort to dig to the bottom of what michael cohen knew and what he didn't know that you might have seen perhaps in watergate hearings where you saw republicans and democrats alike trying to elicit facts from witnesses this really was a very different kind of scenario in which the democrats were digging for facts and the republicans were trying to denigrate mr cohen and show that he is not credible because he's a convicted liar it's interesting you mention watergate i was speaking with someone who was at the watergate hearings and he told me it was interesting as soon as the cameras were on the members of the committee the watergate committee there was unity and it's he was the cameras were off that you had this partisan bickering but what we saw all yesterday washington member of the cameras were on or off and see i want to ask you about it yeah go ahead. now it may be that we have the opposite phenomenon playing out now where the members do have more company and speak
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to one another in a more friendly manner when they're off camera than the when they're on they need to because of the polarization of the. american people i think a lot of members of congress feel they have to play to their base and take more extreme positions when they're on camera when they're off many of them are friends as we saw yesterday in the exchange between meadows and the committee chair who are different in party different race and yet are good friends yeah yeah assent commentary that it has to be that way when the cameras are on or off marc fisher so you're out of there with the washington post reports that your time in your insights tonight mark thank you can be with. syria has been a battlefield for eight years of war two years longer than the second world war but for centuries syria has been much more than just
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a war zone it was also home to cold cruel treasures stretching back thousands of years many of which have been damaged or destroyed in just the last eight years of conflict but here in germany a new project the syria heritage archive aims to document what has been lost so it can be rebuilt nowhere outside of syria has such a large collection of cultural artifacts from the country take a look at the some of the job and his colleagues are on the home stretch just sorting out some of the final details of the members of the syrian heritage project of putting on an exhibition showing what they've been pouring their hearts and. i've created a massive archive of syrian cultural heritage hundreds of thousands of pictures reports maps only some of which are going on display it's actually a very little part of the of the heritage of the country because it did it's very
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difficult to with all the saw. hundreds of self important sites it was so difficult to take. the other important sites it's like choosing from like to think from sun thought to other. ism his job is himself a photographer who's been living in germany for the past three years he's also contributed pictures to the archive they show images of a more peaceful time one third of the archive comes directly from syrian sources many pictures show the toll the war has taken on syria's cultural science this ancient mosque for example bombs have left it in ruins one of its arms pictures also tells a sad story the great mosque of aleppo and twenty eleven and this is how it looks today at that time i couldn't imagine that this this
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is beautiful in a manner it will be destroyed after two years of their the picture. so it was very difficult to imagine what could happen for the country and also for the people. the project has been running for six years now the result is the most comprehensive syrian archives outside of the country documents which help preserve the memory of these cultural sites and more. it comes with the move this thing it is of course particularly important that we lay the groundwork for the country's reconstruction which hopefully will get underway some time in the future when the country finds peace again and circumstances change something that we all hope for. then we can offer specific data on individual sites and share it it's an exhibition which shows what syria used to look like and perhaps how it could look
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again in the future photography is on his job and his team hopes their work will someday help achieve that goal. and for more on that project i'm joined now by the coordinator of the syrian heritage archive project scar and it's good to have you on the show you used to live in syria i understand in you've seen many of the cultural treasures that the country has to offer with your own eyes you've also seen things that have been lost what makes the work. of the archives so important. i think it's very important that and the archive is very broad it's three hundred forty thousand items most of them photos and they come from very different sources that come from scientific sources as well as ordinary travelers who went to syria and as i told you most of them are photos and what just so interesting is that
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inside of the archives you can see the changing of the country and the changing of the building and this information might help if one day they start to rebuild. and on a bigger level bigger than that's done up to now and then it's very important to to see how the building looks like one hundred years ago if years ago if the tell everyone how it how it changed and how it looked like looks like today you know have this massive digital archive but it's not just a record of what's been lost it's also a blueprint for the future how do you intend to use it in the reconstruction of of syria because the country i mean the pictures show is that the country is much of it is in ruins yet but i think it's not the whole country that is in ruins parts are destroyed especially the big cities like aleppo for for example and if it goes
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to rebuilding it's important to have to to look for one particular building how it looked like and how it changed and which information is important for for for to rebuild this building but in general it's the work of the syrians they have to do it we can only give some information from the background. at the moment it looks like president bashar al assad is firmly in power and there he's not going anywhere and how does the political aspect of reconstructing syria. what does it mean for you do you have to be careful in the work you're doing no because we are working men in germany and nobody is. caring about things like that but we have at the moment no official context we are in the context we have on a personal level too to the people who work in the field in syria they must really personal contacts the architects and engineers and all of those architects and
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engineers in syria they haven't had any problems with what the government with the syrian regime i don't know ok yeah i mean it's interesting that you know you ask yourself would there be any negative blowback from that what sort of support do you rely on to be the german government has been a key source of funding right yeah optimal and hopefully if they if they will fund the first seven years now also in the future and as we've been known to two institutions the german archaeological institute and the museum with islamic on so that of the states museums so hopefully we can continue and i think if you build up and a digital archive it's important that the funding would stay because at. that nobody uses now why and why should it be that and hopefully there will come a time when we won't need these types of archives to to preserve the past that
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we've just roy current put coordinator of the syrian heritage archive project cover we appreciate you coming in tonight doing very important work thank you thank you. are the day is nearly done the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter news or you can follow me at brant off t.v. don't forget use the hash tag the day and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see that everything.
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quadriga international talk show for journalists to discuss the topic of the week on a summit between donald trump and kim jong un has broken down the two leaders failed to strike a deal over trading concessions on economic sanctions for concrete denuclearization measures so what next find out one hundred. three go next on d w a. that's all
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good. venezuela's broken health system. people who are seriously ill can't get medicine. doctors often go on paying. people try to help each other but there are efforts fall short. when israel began its major humanitarian crisis. in forty five minutes d.w. . slayers. table. the stage. patrol. in a poker game of power and money the competition is fierce battles most important natural resource bluffing betting checking how long will they be able to play
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and who will win this we believe that renewable energy will play an important role in the future. of the game geo political arena stage starting march eighteenth on t.w. . cologne a very warm welcome indeed to quadriga coming to you from the home of burlington and this week the focus is on the eagerly awaited second meeting between u.s. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong un it had been hoped that the summit in the vietnamese capital one knowing would use the promise of economic development to build on their historic first meeting in singapore all but the summit finished earlier than planned off the.

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