tv Global 3000 Deutsche Welle March 18, 2019 12:30pm-1:01pm CET
five days in the midst of venezuela's crisis in the fight to get aid into the country with a convoy of god own supporters an exclusive d.w. report alongside venezuelan journalist says our buddies a close up look at the country's catastrophic conditions on the way to colombia for a showdown on the border. starts march eighteenth. welcome to global three thousand. this week we focus on one of life's essential food. industrialised countries dump millions of tons of
food every year while elsewhere in the world millions of people go hungry there are solutions like the new bans in some countries on supermarkets dumping food that's past its best before date in many places it now has to be given to those in need and then those urban gardening which means fall shortage ernie's from fields to plate. chicken production however still has a long way to go. chickens have become a mass product estimates suggest that there are now more than twenty two billion of the birds on the planet. over ninety five million tons of chicken mates were produced last year. it's often frozen. then shipped around the world. in two thousand and eighteen
brazil the u.s. and the e.u. tougher to the list of exporters europe is africa's main supplier in two thousand and seventeen the e.u. sold one hundred seventy five thousand tons of frozen chicken parts to ghana. e.u. subsidies mean it's cheaper than the chicken raised domestically and local farmers are paying the price. that. i'm here to give me to give. them this is where most of it arrives to a port in the capital. as europeans prefer the breast of the chicken the leftovers
end up here shipped in refrigerated containers halfway around the world. on our way from the heart of the cold stores that sell it they tell us they only stop what customers want and the local farms couldn't meet the rising demand. these boxes have just made the journey from the u.s. state of georgia where the modern chicken industry was born these are from the netherlands belgium more than they can get their hands on. this customer wants his chicken even cheaper florence forty cooma argues he wouldn't even make a profit of the. oldest and one of ghana's last paltry farmers. started with two hundred birds. now he's got twenty two thousand. the little ones and
a hassle it's when they grow up that they get problematic. and shows us a little trickled way in their hands. and. keeps them quiet. but catching chickens is the least of his worries. because of the. imported chicken. it is in this very high and then there is a how to live for us to compete with. the problem is august and chicken costs double the price of the cheap imports although he has one of the few large scale operations left in ghana it's nowhere near as efficient as its overseas rivals and like other farmers or piston doesn't have the infrastructure. it's.
customers mostly people from his district. can't thank you so basically if it's a pocket this one is for soup even in. the us. my. next day it's off to the market we'd like to know if there's a difference in quality between mass produced chicken from abroad and the local variety. it tastes good and is being fair and hard to see what's in it. for a while and. see any. evidence is also false when you think
and i'm going to laugh. i really like your local one. oh my maid there for one because they look. so. focused and says the only way he stayed in business is by diversifying he has his own feed planet. cause the brits saw that there was. a reasonable price feed is the biggest cost for farmers europe subsidizes it giving its farmers an advantage and the e.u. has a raft of free trade deals with africa that gives both sides free access to markets but african companies are too small to compete. on dr where did you find if you. haven't read them by big government program at them or something about them look out of one so that we would receive. them and now
forgotten that we're at the korean. government has announced new import restrictions and says now local producers need to step up to the plate but which produces there are hardly any left. there's a workout doing. to get up. so if you were up in. what is business i don't know what i'm going to do to get my family. to know what to do. this weekend global ideas we head to south america urban gardening is growing increasingly popular everywhere especially in large cities many people want to become more self-sufficient and it means you know exactly what you're eating too are reports a catch here doing air travel to ecuador is rapidly expanding capital quito where thousands of gardens have sprung up they provide delicious food improve air quality
and make for a better social climate as well. quito is more than a thousand kilometers from venezuela yet some people who have fled the chaos there have made it to the ecuadorian capital even on foot. about fifty of them live in this compound at the edge of the city and keep busy tending the kitchen garden. when i water the garden i always think of my house back home in venezuela. we used to water the garden every evening it relieves the stress. this garden was set up with the hope of the city back to participatory urban agriculture program. so far the gardeners eat what they grow it's
a step toward self-sufficiency. and his family fled venezuela last autumn. when the communist i don't know if he threatened me and said we should leave the country because we were not cooperative and were therefore traitors. the combe here stands in stark contrast to the commotion and crisis back home. coming here the sound arriaga has left everything and everyone behind. left venezuela with my wife. say on health and marianne had the four of us. we have a house there. and we let the opposition use it while they were preparing for the elections. they see all. the
refugees here work together in the garden. they hope each other. some already know about farming and can instruct the others. you plant a seed here. i group are has had an impressive impact with its participatory approach involving the most vulnerable groups in one of the venezuela misses here our friends from venezuela need help with this project we can offer support to migrants and refugees in our country so they can find some stability and integrate in our society whether you take it out. this is just one of four thousand urban farming plots across quito supported by acro par ranging from a few square metres on a rooftop to large fields at the edge of town. the aim in each case is to ease access to healthy food for poor and marginalized people.
in the greenery also helps improve air quality and quality of life for some end of work i meant that the increase in biodiversity in the area reduces urban heat islands creates new spaces and micro-climates in which people can have a better life but i get a hint that where they are is that of course i meant that. over the past four decades quito has grown almost five fold the population has tripled to more than two and a half million a group are helps further food security job creation environmental management social inclusion and gender equality. ya know grandad used to be a tranquil village until it was swallowed up by the city. but some open spaces survived and can be used to grow food a group of women run this urban farm their work marks
a courageous break with tradition. but i mean if you didn't have any feel for it if the early phase of our organization was very difficult because we had to deal with a much she's more of our husbands. and i was as they said no we shouldn't do it but it was a waste of time. but also just a couple go but little by little we prove that our value as women goes beyond being mothers. we can do all kinds of things including tending the land and feeding our families yet we can contribute economically little about the economic group our staff regularly visit and bring advice on how to run their ventures when does the us yeah there's always more to learn about farming methods and increasing the yields. given you know what a lovely garden. group are is committed to organic farming with chemical fertilizers the women of ya know gandhi grow so much produce now they have some to
sell the project thought that is the implement this by promoting organic farming the project has also helped create skills especially among women that allow them to make a living through agriculture. the urban farmers can sell their crops at special organic produce markets b.-o. farriers. when we started we didn't even know how to do the bookkeeping when it was tough. but now we know more we're learning to grow as individuals and above all we're partners in the community. urban gardening projects around the world book to our group are as a model the pioneering organization is continuing to expand in quito the less you ask. me and the area devoted to urban farming here in quito is growing about three hectares or about two hundred different plots each year over the last year. that i
knew. for the refugees from venezuela urban farming might prove the first step to a new life. and into the trash with aids worldwide around one point three billion tons of food is wasted every year much of it ends up in landfills some goes bad on fields or if not properly refrigerated in storage containers or on the race which a lot of what gets dumped is actually perfectly edible europeans alone throw away around one hundred fifteen kilos of food per person per year that shocking considering eight hundred twenty one million people worldwide suffered from chronic on the night richmond in twenty eighteen some of them in europe. once a week stanislav sati like opens up his garage for the needy he distributes
groceries mostly to pensioners and single mothers today he has pizzas that have almost reached their sell by date supermarkets are no longer allowed to throw these products away they are legally obligated to give them to charity organizations. to frank of us happy she can now invite her grandchildren to dinner. i have a very small monthly pension like one hundred fifty euros and if you have to buy coal and pay for electricity it can get pretty bad. drops by stanislav school raj every week she's only thirty but is unable to work due to heart problems she's eligible for a mere one hundred sixty euros of government support not enough to get by on stanislav gives her three pizzas and some beverages which will keep the family going for about five days. this is do you know. at first i was ashamed to
come here because a stranger was just passing out food and i'd never done anything like that asking a stranger for food even though i know he helps other people to be explained to me how it works that i should come every thursday at a certain time so that's what i do now automatically. still. young kid me picks up food from supermarkets in and around prague every day. the law requires stores to give him goods that are about to expire. and that's a good thing says the employee at the prague food bank. that's terrible when you see how many people have nothing to eat over a week and then all these things end up in the garbage in the supermarket it's just terrible. and you yogurt fruit and chocolate are stacked in boxes in the prague food bank the charity distributes ten tons of food daily to twenty two thousand
needy people in and around the czech capital almost nothing is thrown away here the food is picked up directly or distributed to homeless shelters and soup kitchens. could be to put that the law now allows us to have much more bailable and a much broader range we now have a lot more perishable including fruit and vegetables. supermarkets think the law is wrong they've already cooperated with aid organizations in the past the guidelines merely increase the bureaucracy they say. the rules a pretty strict sometimes we have to look very closely at which fruit we're still allowed to deliver and which ones were required to throw away and the charities have to prove that the fresh produce is passed on quickly. but it wasn't the supermarkets who took the issue to the constitutional court senior politicians argued that it reminded them of. and that other potential beneficiaries will be
using out. our complaint was about the state prescribing who the chains have to get the food to. some shops for example. but they're no longer allowed to do so despite the quantities available being enough for everyone. it's not enough says stanislav saudi like due to high food prices even regular pensioners are dependent on his help in his opinion the state is reluctant to help those in need but. the problem is that there are many people like me who say to themselves well i have my pension so i don't need to earn money and so i can help on a volunteer basis i don't add anything when i do this when i go with you know stanislav would now like a refrigerator in his garage so that he can legally store and distribute even more but the czech republic is by no means a paradise for the needy the here. and
now to north africa and in almost forgotten conflict since one nine hundred seventy three the polish sario front national liberation movement has been campaigning for an independent state in the western sahara for years fighting raged in the desert first against spanish colonial rule then against occupation by morocco and mauritania hundreds of thousands of militants and their families fled the area to camps in algeria there has been an armistice since one thousand nine hundred ninety one but western sahara remains divided it's west in most regions are governed by morocco eastern and southern areas are run by the polisario front one hundred sixty thousand refugees still live in camps in the algerian desert. this car is delivering pizza in the desert. it makes me
proud to have established the first pizzeria in the refugee camps. and that i've done it alone as a woman using my own resources that were. a lot of. the pizza delivery service in algeria is so hot in a desert with a young woman at the wheel. twenty eight year old hindu money is one of the ingredients in this rather unusual story. hundreds of thousands of sa is the indigenous people from western sahara have lived in these refugee camps for many years now they fled here after morocco annexed their homeland. monny grew up in a camp like this at all she's ever known. but now she can live her dream of having her own pizza service that she delivers to families like many as saddam is whose daily routine is defined by this wasteland. they want to stay here
until they get their homeland back. and. yes i remember that we're suffering under these difficult conditions for forty years we've lived in tents in extreme temperatures with no livelihoods yet. i can help people with my service it brings a bit of variety that could be people are happy to say me. and then she shows us her pride and joy a fast food stand in the refugee camp. it's speciality is pizza with camel meat called pizza side are we. in the morning she meets with her employees all young women. who single wants to help other women find jobs she views that as her mission . it all started with a cooking competition which money won. she used the prize money to buy her first of
a and then she got a loan through the united nations. since then business has been growing and she now employs eight pizza chefs are going to say i'm happy that i can work here that many women would like to because you can't get a job anywhere else no matter how hard you try some of us in the mess that i am it's my goal to hire women young people can hardly find work in the refugee camps and it's even more difficult for young women. but mani has made it. with advertisements like this she promotes her project and her camel. business is brisk in the evening at the refugee camps you can get a pizza for the equivalent of two euro's. many people are looking for something to
spice up the monotony of life here money has something of a cult status she's a young woman with her own business who travels the region on her own with her plate says that respect. i'm so happy that there's finally a pizzeria in the camp and i hope that hindu will also pursue other projects. had been. told it's quite unusual for a woman to open a pizzeria all by herself and for her to work from morning till late at night at about sixty ordinary c.a.'s or as al gore extro the american or. the next day money is out on the road again. she passes by reminders of the western sahara war. some of the most seriously injured war veterans live in a dilapidated home outside the camp. it's important for
money to show solidarity. she brings a free pizza for ahmed her tidy who was paralyzed with his spine was damaged in an air strike in one nine hundred eighty. i regret nothing i'm proud of my war ones because i got them fighting for a fair and legal cause. the conflict is one of the oldest in africa but the world has forgotten this war and its fighters. it's hard to remain optimistic about things in this part of the world. many people have lost hope in a brighter future. but not money. she shows us her recently opened second pizzeria which is of course staffed by women.
money is next plan is to open a bakery. it's back to the main restaurants in the evening. mani is an inspiration for many she cares about camel pizza rights for women and the serai future. that it's ok to be thick either they know i still have so many dreams i hope our lives will change them day and that my lady will gain independence. or they. can do mani herself has been independent for a long time and that makes her the owner of the pizzeria in the desert an unusual success story. the more inspiring stories check out our new facebook page d.w.
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