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tv   Arts.21  Deutsche Welle  April 6, 2019 9:30am-10:01am CEST

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finds. what secrets lie behind these moments. find out in an immersive experience and explore fascinating world cultural heritage sites. d.w. world heritage three sixty you know. a lot of. them. this year at bounce house one of the world's most influential art and design schools turns a hundred and the seven ten or eight is being celebrated in big style. but how much do we really know about this famous movement and how much is made we went to find out we encounter some fascination women. discover forgotten thousand
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houses works and tracked down traces of bomb house in africa. what remains of the spears of bow house today and how did it all stop. design classics which are simple pure and functional design by paul house a small art school which revolutionized the industry hundred years ago powerhouse dispensed of unnecessary fruits with its radical vision voter copious wanted to rethink architecture in the arts with artists such as best we can dance king called play at leo and on finding out he founded the state powerhouse in weimar one nine hundred nineteen. there arts college soon became an avant garde hot spot in their workshops they experimented with materials and formed creating design which was unprecedented in its clarity and functionality. but it didn't appeal to. everyone the first show home in weimar was seen as
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a provocation and met with heavy criticism a bunch of free spirited individuals who held nothing sacred not color materials nor perception. breaking conventions they explored new lifestyles which were rather too wild for weimar by one nine hundred twenty five it was all over they were too adventurous for their home city. they ventured on to an industrial city that welcomed the bell house with open arms and funded a completely new building for their school. the master houses were built nearby white cubic villas for the professors designed and equipped by dollhouse artists with furniture from their own workshops. director. shaped the city with the ball house movement the turret and settlement offered light space and a garden for everyone is an antidote to the cramped gloomy residential blocks of the industrial cities every last detail was designed with precision and the three
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hundred fourteen terraced houses were built cheaply and quickly. also designed by gropius was the employment office it was one of the first of its kind with bright glass corridors. the same ascetic was used here for different purposes with coffee goes riverside cafe on the album. from one thousand nine hundred twenty eight its new director honiss meyer made the bauhaus even more political and radical his houses were an attempt to mix social classes based on need and not luxury. funding ended when the nazis came to power in the bow house close in one nine hundred thirty to one last privately funded attempt came from nice fund in berlin but it failed in one nine hundred thirty three the boss had shut down. is bauhaus history have its ideas from the course hardly in these times of up
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people people are rediscovering its visionary potential how was bauhaus continuing to inspire today we visit via again. constantine by a is used to having breakfast in his own gallery it's just like one big family the found as an artist of the. graduates of the legendary bauhaus university their contribution to the hundredth anniversary year is called contemporary bauhaus. the flyswatter is. which can also applaud for the bar house does all of. this private gallery is the official showcase of the bauhaus university and the artists don't see bauhaus as a brand but an attitude towards the weald a common theme in their art is the destruction of the environment and the loss of nature constantine vias installation focuses on this theme to artificial palm trees
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and a shell which doesn't contain the sound of the sea rather the babble of advertising slogans these works ask questions of society in keeping with the principles of bauhaus. how sustainable should our society be how do we handle digitalisation these are the questions we analyze in our exhibition the challenges of the next hundred years ago. thinking big and acting globally the gallery eigen home has become an international institution foundations the great institute and artists from china are all part of the worldwide network of the gallery owner and his business partner bianca focused creating synergies was the principle of the bell house university right from the start. as a media artist which i am you could use the architecture workshops just as well as the product design or workshops. or this brings in an interdisciplinary aspect along with the sense of community which was characteristic of weimar.
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such a sense of community hasn't always been a given in one nine hundred twenty five the buy a house had to leave and was regarded as a disgrace environment just like the gal forum is today a monumental nazi building right next to it a mighty cube has been erected in the new battle house museum. bright and minimalist an architectural statement. its purpose is not to conserve the band house tradition but rather to act as a forum for discussion. aesthetic and social questions are opened up again view to the mirror of history. and there are some incredible things to see from playful structures and expression and sketches to little wooden houses with so-called furniture for the people functional but far removed from what is supposed to be bare house style. has long been
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a place of experimentation. assumes self said that before tackling the design of objects you basically have to put people in new clothing particularly during that period in the nineteenth ten's and twenty's there was a lot of talk about the new human but everybody meant something different by about haas itself also reflected many different concepts and images of the human dimension of conflict here it was a time of upheaval on the one hand the human body was liberated but on the other the human was in slave to the rhythm of the machine technical progress evoked both nightmares and fascination no one could escape it. in the boat house stage. transformed dunces into mechanical figures the triadic ballet is famous for its cost james. painting and stage performance intertwine.
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always had this space to experiment to risk new things i think that's one thing that still resonates today at the bell house university which also works very experimentally of course it also works internationally but it is very experimental that it meant a change of venue the getting i can hi i'm also has a permit chamber and then the exhibition is called from the lab to the studio media artist him book is running a workshop he teaches design technology at the bauhaus university experiments with . onyx which he also uses for his own work. in the exhibition he shows a subversive program which allows people to pixelate their face using a special batch. he calls it the wishing machine that's good and it's all about privacy for all those smartphone pictures of me or other people that turn up on facebook and are automatically tagged with a face recognition and then my name is on it and if i just want to be myself for an
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evening without a bizarre photo of me turning up and then this will be a solution to this photo from the off told by distillers on. christiane gold is also an inventor he designs new surfaces for control devices at the moment he's testing materials with an chambers to create all kinds of inflatable shapes just having. i showed this to a group of textile engineers and they immediately said great this is just what we need. this could also be the hood for an inflatable car. again suddenly during the production process points of reference appear that we didn't even think of at the beginning here from beginning. to get me i can hi i'm provide space to research new technologies in an artistic way think laterally and ask questions this is where the bauhaus live song.
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about house created a number of modernist pioneers among them the three powerhouse directors about her gropius kind of smile and nice fun to roll her but was the powerhouse just a boys' club that's a mystery there are also some outstanding women. well these women left was a kind of professional representation. by not standards for three. female artists. consciously being forgotten is something that can also be observed in painting sculpture in literature and in many many other areas a number. of these women wore every just covered when a political and social discourse began about women's role in society. but who were these modern a super women. the. three who left their mark on the ball house were writer editor and dollhouse first lady.
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furniture designer and paul house master levi. and textile artist ani all of us like many female pupils at the ball house she had to learn weaving though she wanted to study painting albus began studying at the powerhouse in one nine hundred twenty two though she never intended to become a textile artist she was a natural talent she was inspired by use of odd bows her teacher and later her husband and the paintings of coldplay. her work is now being rediscovered in europe. and death and they really are one of a kind pieces you can instantly tell that here on the album has created something extremely special. that's coupled with an incredibly interesting dialogue between the material and it is not at all about being fashionable what more dished.
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out as work seamlessly interweave elements of industrial production handiwork and art in one nine hundred thirty became the first female to graduate from the bell house school for her final project she developed a fabric for the trade union school and banal today a ball house landmark her material was used to cover walls of the school auditorium plain and simple yet revolutionary it reflected light absorbed sound and was easy to clean. and the eye was funny of us develop this text on a. after much consideration and research she used a material that had only been on the market for a few years cellophane today we know it from food packaging. after the nazis seized power in one nine hundred thirty three being jewish she and her husband fled to the us there she belonged to the artistic god and created experimented with talk and wrote about the art of weaving today her patterns and desires are enjoying a renaissance any of us is finally getting the recognition she deserves like other
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forgotten dollhouse artists and peter than many of them were recognized during that time and quickly ends the respect of their colleagues both male and female and a lot of people also fell into obscurity during the years of political dictatorship and persecution here in germany that were here in. these forgotten powerhouse women are now being celebrated the new books like easy. the wife of logical thing as contributed to the interior design of the director's house and. she was a new kind of woman the perfect heroine for a novel. connelly in an annoyed these women lived in a new era they could vote and be elected they could do jobs traditionally done by men there was a feeling of freedom that they could do anything and smoothly he couldn't. these young wild free spirited and strong pioneers dared to take on new roles.
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the daughter of an upper class family becoming a working woman unheard of back that is a goal to be a structured in a new life style. is something said first if the whole self concept of women working outside the home was one that had to be learned. maybe that's what made it easy and so of ennius and revolutionary. she modernized household economics to save the women of the future time you which they could then devote to that professional activities well. see. these kids who today. for years christiane along a has been conducting research on another modernist career woman legal ice she was already a key figure in the art scene when she became a bow house master and head of the school's interior design workshop in one nine hundred thirty two. when her partner architect miss fond of war built this house in berlin she designed the furniture. really high she also worked
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with him on the villa also included no trace of her work remains why has there. been forcibly have during my research i when i thought it simply couldn't be done because she was female nowadays we might call any high she's superwoman she was incredibly well organized communicative and very assertive even with men. the fact that she's been forgotten can be attributed solely to me as vanda but also to the male dominated writing of history that was looking for classic heroes he warns of heroes like nice find a whore who designed the german pavilion for the one nine hundred twenty nine international exposition in barcelona together with believe. in fact she was the pavilions artistic director and it's doubtful whether he's found out what designed its furniture on his own. so who really created this design classic. and. it's an interesting question because this is an iconic piece of furniture the
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day bad. but there are many indications that many heist created it. as it was first published under her name in one thousand nine hundred thirty two. and the only drawing of this day bed that exists is also by her from around one thousand nine hundred five and it's the anyone from the pre-war period of the foreclosed side as early as one nine hundred forty nine new york's museum of modern art devoted a solo show to any all of us textile art though outside the. united states she's still relatively unknown. and these are copious is now a novel heroine but in real life she was an editor organizer and equal partner for the ball house founder. and. the few surviving documents show that billy ghosh was a great designer and far ahead of her time but starting in one nine hundred thirty three when the nazis came to power wasn't so choosy about who she worked for who
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she wasn't the only one who. when the nazis took over nine hundred thirty three they closed down the bow house bond controversially some leading bauhaus lives continued they would under hitler. to each his own i'm a cop sign at the nazi concentration camp and about. created by inmate and former boss pupil fund. it uses the unmistakable boss typeface despite the fact that the nazi regime denounced the school for its degenerate art and even pressured its leadership into closing the bar house in berlin. in the official propaganda they rejected the bow has entirely it was considered to be bolshevist jewish marxist and everything the nazis deemed negative in banking is not an auditing this must stop but on officially that stance wasn't as clear the nazis saw the typical baal house
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functionality as a sign of progress and welcomed its new objectivity. and the artists how did the often guard of the bauhaus respond after nine hundred thirty three. to take. one of the most influential boss teachers he create a graphic design is on the universal typeface which became signatures of the ball house. but starting in one nine hundred thirty three by. began to create nazi propaganda designing catalogues and exhibitions which celebrated the ideology of racist doctrines of the third riteish. a t.v. series there were a film about house pupils and teaches who remained and were eager to continue receiving commissions in germany ones who then exhibited little of the bow houses reformist spirit and ethical principles did from coincidence a. nice find a hole was no exception in one nine hundred thirty four he joined gobos chamber of
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culture supported hitler and contributed to nazi exhibitions he just wanted to build regardless for whom enticed by new commissions he emigrated to the united states in one nine hundred thirty eight there he designed iconic structures like the seagram building in new york. nice fonda became a star architect his pandering to the nazis was soon forgotten and hasn't tarnished the bahasa structure taishan to this day still there's little reason to place the powerhouse on a moral pedestal. some of the vile house teaches and students who went into exile became successful in the us our house became internationally famous but it was never a purely german phenomenon teachers and students came from all over the world ariel sharon had experience life on a kibbutz and palestine and brought those ideas with him to death south later he returned to the middle east and built a legendary white city in tel aviv and
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a pioneering university in nigeria. a family oh i know well university in the family in the southwest of nigeria. area share on this university campus is open and airy. painted to the hot climate and the your ruba culture when you take on the university became the symbol of the fledgling democracy really can you describe was a very important for the jury or for the jews because it was. initiated exactly maybe sixteen the movement of independence of nigeria from the brit british. rule. so basically for them it's the first action in the julian university and it stands for a protest against the architecture back then modernism was progressive and today c.b.s. frett aims to find out in his film moving away.
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to. exit. the universe itself is true. this it is there are far too weak in far for people in the city beauty talk to this has prompted. this lecture circuit streets around two hundred kilometers to the south is lagos. nigeria is not just city is constantly changing. like other representatives of contemporary bound house. asks how do we want to live now and in the future she thinks the revolutionary ideas of a century ago are still relevant today. when we had monism kamen in the years of any post-colonialism the architects that came of the day but modern i love the
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architecture that has really formed the structure of the city of lagos on the alan modernism of the forty's fifty's and sixty's still today in places like the texture of lagos is expanding at a breathtaking pace it's africa's second largest city and one of the world's most densely populated somewhere between colonialism and modernism nigerian architects are creating that own design language. what was considered as african tenets of the within the ruling. i'm not necessarily that we need to be realistic and design appropriately for the city that we live in now we we have to face the fact that in the city of some people say eighteen million some people say twenty two we need to live in a smaller and smaller spaces. is an ultra modern and up market district of lagos here the architect says constructing minimalist housing units similar to ones built around the globe. a new architecture for new lifestyles functional
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economic and compact. so this is astounded two bedroom apartment so it's open plan kitchen it's really about i think efficient living. the comments from nigeria as growing middle class who are increasingly cosmopolitan. and we always need to reflect on on on how living in a city is evolving and changing i mean the whole world has changed the demographic is changing how people live the family unit is being redefined and we need to make sure that we produce an architecture that's reflects that and that's what the bar hostage at the university campus in its buildings were constructed in the one nine hundred sixty s. and seventy's open on all sides they function like energy efficient passive houses and coolum sounds every inch of space is used efficiently architect ariel sharon
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employed ideas he'd learned during his studies of the battle house school in desk his architecture is tailored to the people and the surroundings the topography natural light and climate. this is north more than often said sure down strip you could still go to a pod well if your old farmhouse already know this is more than zero point two about will you. rest on this. group can you. show me this design is part of bauhaus imagine eastham a recent. project and exhibition that celebrates the bell house school its legacy and its capacity for promoting trans cultural exchange the campus is seen as an architectural milestone. the buildings were kept as they were built and they still function. quite well and of course this is thanks to a very intelligent architecture what sharon the architect of this campus learned
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from his teacher the bows and the smile is exactly this very serious almost scientific approach. the crime of course would also use. house as naively open and global social dialogue that's what bio has imagined instead it's all about the project as a collaboration between the get institute the bell has cooperation. and the balance how is the cultural endeavor. in the focus of the project is why was the bauhaus adopted or in the some cases rejected why was it used to be reinterpreted and we discovered that it was about creating a blueprint for a new society and a new relationship between art and society. the bauhaus artist's vision of a better world is just as attractive now as it was the century.
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that was all from us twenty one for today but we have much more to come in this and ten. stories to tell me to dispel discoveries to make and celebrations to attend.
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thanks chris spoke with music legend. who saw memorable voice immensely. jane. days founded fiore in the snow is a handsome. young chris thompson. on . insisting on.
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what's coming up for the bundesliga have plenty to talk about you want to build. the monsters league every weekend here so come. i'm not laughing at the germans because sometimes i am but mostly i'm nothing with me but i have been thinking to the german culture of. new jersey will take the scrum a day i'll eat cos it's cold out. no time rachel join me for me to have a golf course cool. come to the new duramax neutral channel. goodbye no students.
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with exclusive. must see concerning sports culture. to be curious mind. do it yourself networkers. subscribers don't miss out. when the. people fight for survival when he's on a budget sleepless about it when there's a flood water comes up when you step on your clothes fast everyone. the lack of water is equally dangerous. there's john good to see people move south so they can plant crops and find food. floods and droughts climate change become the main driver of mass migration. right any notice you want and probably most of them to. exodus starts thirty on t w.
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