tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle April 6, 2019 11:30pm-12:00am CEST
sixty minutes. i'm not nothing the germans well i guess sometimes i am but i said nothing with them do you think deep into the german culture of. new jersey we think this grandmother day oh you know it's all about who they know i'm rachel join me for me to devon heat up the coast guard. down. hello and welcome to a new edition of eco africa my name is but my friends call me z. and i'm coming to you from johannesburg and south africa if you want to find out what a national park into for the people who live in it stay tuned and of course to meet my lovely colleague in nigeria hi there z.
yes i'm now tag me here in lagos nigeria are you ready for new episodes here's what's coming up on the show. i'll start something looking up muscle that combining . with vegetable farming. a woman from south africa who's fighting against food waste and how solar energy is changing rival farmers in the mountains of morocco. now rwanda is of the most densely populated countries in africa and that can trigger conflicts over resources when areas declared to be national parks and many residents worry about their livelihoods the solution is to involve them more in wildlife protection one example the endangered mountain gorillas in the wonders volcanoes national park the tourism they generate can benefit the local community as well as the environment.
we take every damn. ted's tourist around the volcano is national park it covers a hundred and sixty square kilometers and it's the oldest consumption and. it's home to this range of species including some that are considered to be in danger of extinction such as they called in monkey. there's not any other place you can find these monkeys apart from the southwest of wonder where you find a different species of monkeys but in of o'connell's only you find. in monkeys so that's why the hobbit went to the monkeys many people. don't know about you can have it with you there. these monkeys are not shy and don't seem to mind being stared at. each group of visitors is allowed to spend one hour of serving them.
they leave in the past tense forest and like to eat bum believes and shoots the trouble is people illegally come into the paddock. to make sure the monkeys have it and the main source of food. so that's why we have a planted the some outside a park for the local community will have those a bumper project also not only being being used for one across but also for protection of the sawyer of erosion control in general that was one way to avoid those people who are targeting the trees in the. one that is the most to densely populated country in mainland africa and population growth remains high. because. every inch of arable land he snapped up for farming including mountainsides fields and grazing lands stretch a great up to the age of the pack the mountain forests know of egypt ations on has
already been stripped. the farmers of neeru seas are just a few hundred metres from the conservation area. most people who live near the pack use it would be a stalled steep hill three feet have established a protections on around the path in which the residents are allowed to obtain and limited amount of food for the last minute moves but only from certain species of tree it is also a feedback process whereby residents share with the authorities their needs and wishes. each district all six all these local people who are near the park the seat and city priorities what they need like water like schools like different infrastructure like public clinics so they say their priorities and we give them money in order to make sure that today. what they need.
ten percent of the money the pac man goes towards community projects last year that amounted to more than six hundred sixty thousand dollars which is a lot of money in one many families and extra money as porters for tourists. this is one of the new collapsible religions we have big can meet and make an exception and try to reach involving local people in caring for the national path appears to be kamal the idea is that if it also benefits then we're more likely to help conserve it it is already the case that you were trees are being taxed down so things are looking up for the golden monkeys as well. chicken fish and salad three distinct species all growing and breeding in perfect harmony in
a small space that's innovation our young entrepreneur has brought to book in our fossil. causes you need the vice pyramid after months of testing on troubles he's finally been able to turn his ideas into a system that works like others out there is doing his bit for the. agri pyramid is a hydroponic device that combines plant production with aquaculture and poultry farming. the circular system was designed by kevin to invoke enough asos capital ouagadougou. his prototype is designed for up to six hundred plants two hundred fish and two hundred packs of coke reproduction is located on the top level. of the fish eat waste from the birds it falls directly
into the tanks at the bottom of the pyramid the water the fish swim in also nourishes plants like tomatoes or lettuce. the device runs on solar energy no chemicals have to be added to the system. preparing that doesn't require large amounts of fresh water since its design limits evaporation dramatically. the system doesn't depend on the climate over quality of the local soil. hydroponic agriculture is one way for us to adapt to the phenomenon of climate change because we can no longer rely on brain because just another problem is that much of the soil in burkina faso has depleted. the agri pyramid can be easily installed in courtyards because it takes up little space. kevin hopes to set up at
least two hundred more of the devices in book enough fossil. you know like that. if you are doing in europe you tell us about. visit our website or send us a tweet. and do your bit we shared your story. many farmers in africa still employ cultivation one frequent problem is i have about enforcing changes in the weather on the harvest can anything be done about it . that's a good question auntie but if for instance you could drive the grain you've grown directly on the fields sometimes a harvest could be saved that might otherwise be a total loss one company in germany is providing the rights to techniques to do it . it's
a very simple piece of equipment. and cars will appreciate just how useful it can be for a small farm and. if there are no grains you me or the greens and you can also see that we don't have breakage is because it's pretty healthy enough to produce it especially for the african market just because my cereals are still often fresh the way they were fifty or sixty years ago which means a lot has wasted if you use this waste to far less really fuel for those two and no food enough to come from a. karl-heinz can all grew up on a farm and has spent much of his working life making machinery for post harvest processing of crops bees days he spends a lot of time in africa being there reminds him of his childhood. probably more and i paid for my first bike with the money i earned on his arms and after working on
the fiance we've got a wonderful meal and will know i'll never forgotten it because we were going to follow you and that was not always the case their father reason is. godfrey morongo is from zimbabwe he wants to help secure harvests in his home country and elsewhere in africa with the help of modern technology. mobile giants like this one can prevent serial props from spoiling. miranda is setting up a network of technicians able to service the equipment across africa. he's a technology enthusiastic himself and that helps. i've done this project. is the service guys from times on you know we came here so we had our drawings and our parts and we were put together within three weeks. also makes a smaller drive it can be used directly in the field to prepare a crop for storage
a farmer could buy one or a service provider it could go from farm to farm with it. and that's good strategy if you don't prepare and drive the grain properly it goes mostly and eating foods that similarly unspoiled makes you sick of them can get diarrhea many other illness is under because. it's estimated that up to twenty percent of cereals and forty percent of fruits and vegetables in sub-saharan africa including here in a last spoilage smallholders rarely have the technical means to drive a crow they leave their nays to dry slowly in the fields as it does so it's a sceptical to pest some fungus what's more the fields are occupied and the next sowing the seeds has to wait canopus only sold a few dry is enough because so far what wants to sell more equipment can also be porters the kit with detailed assembly instructions provided components
a screw together no soldiering is required which makes it much easier if need be serviced technicians are available to help. fight the customer can put the machine together with his own staff or in the process they all learn how it works so it's useful training to hear. each try it comes with key spare parts to reduce the likelihood that if it breaks it remains out of service for. length of time waiting for a replacement components means costly downtime misting time it's a race so that's raised to be one meaning you should have become a big company since these guys become puppets karl-heinz business started small and has grown and grown he says many farmers could aim to do the same. you know in school facilities in germany and eastern europe. with the hopes that in
the next one in africa. hopefully that initiative will be helpful for african farmers to make the most of what they grow but in other parts of the world farmers have the opposite problem they produce more than they can eat estimates say a third of all food will die and are being dumped on the list of food waste as our north america australia and new zealand with europe are not far behind generally in sub-saharan africa very little food is wasted but there is one big exception south africa. the gold. tatyana from my regular visits to the garbage dumps around to keep. every year give us a month to see thousands of tons wished it comes from restaurants or factory farms
. previous to make that a surge of food is dumped in south africa every year this has significant ecological impacts because all that food has compounded board and energy and from a plane a change perspective in the landfill it emits harmful greenhouse. yes this both me thing and carbon dioxide. producing russia has years looking at ways of reducing food waste here in the western. he works for the regional department of agriculture from bollman is come to visit one of his projects which he believes could provide a model for the rest of the country. has managed to persuade farmers to donate their few surplus instead of plowing it back into the ground lizette kloppers farm
is the collection point. seven million farmers bring their access programs here. as you can see if you should see the quality not thrown away food. export quality that they just deliver. these same me anything even if they sit at the mall on the spot to something though that's not good enough they want to deliver the based so yes they want to give up sometimes several tons of food arrive here in a single day it's a government sponsored vehicles then transported to soup kitchens in nearby townships like any theme park which is home to twenty thousand people. poverty is right here as are gang violence and drug crime and it's often the children who suffer most. most people in the township live from state benefits the soup kitchens may be a lifesaver for some but they're still not the ideal solution long term. handouts
are not going to put us on a sustainable chick tree we need to look at the whole system and we need to put that leave us for a change to tip the system into a positive states if i'm looking at issue of funding both on a commercial level how better farming practices can be implemented but also for small hold the farmers so that they are both environmentally and economically sustainable. another example or maybe in part shows just. what small farming can do that a few years ago some of the residents teamed up with the department of agriculture to begin a growing their own food and yet the township now has forty five food gardens where members plant fresh vegetables for the community those in need can come and collect for free the garden project has been running since twenty fifteen dollars would instead of getting paid their members get a share of the high risk pools that people get because of that rule mission is thought of in a good book as i whistled at the thought of
a culture to create gardens and i can talk community who have to purpose in the community to baghdad food produced vegetables but we should realise that it's will not be enough to address the food security problem in a good book. major food retailers are now joining the initiative to instead of disposing of food that is past its sell by date the retail chain woolworths donate it to charitable organizations that work with the poor. all the food is still within the use by date and to ensure it remains refrigerated at all times woolworths issues it directly from the shops cold storage room. and this is just given me great hope for the future their food will no longer have the absurd situation of wasting a third of all the environmental and time it impacts that go along with that and actually work together through the value chain to ensure that all edible fee is
eaten and i did he reaches those who need it the most. today the unsold food is going to a homeless shelter in cape town it's a practice that could work for the whole of south africa in a country where twelve million people regularly go hungry at least a part of the surplus food could be put to good use. from the south of the continent we had back up to the north and next report council morocco. when initiative is bringing light to remote villages in the atlas mountains a single bottle in places like that can change the lives of entire families and in this project it's being done in a sustainable way that's why they need to be setting up simple solar pa systems but the country wants to set an example in the region and he's also trying. on a wider scale to do it morrocco has build one of the biggest solar power plants that uses and the rate of seven thousand five hundred. clean energy comes they're
the reliable source the sun would shine said least three thousand oh yeah. the drive into the atlas mountains takes us hours for technician joe would be journeys like this one into far flung villages part of the job and yet there's still something special because the work he does in installing solar panels changes people's lives. to get to work wonderful to see how real the family is when they get electric time. it's just really nice to know. the mountain village of todd has no running water no electricity and no telephones mohammad saeed family can hardly wait for his colleague to arrive and install a solar panel on their rooftop. they look on eagerly as the work gets underway.
this summer panel will cost the family a few hundred euros that's a lot of money here it's a pretty quick job the technology is relatively simple but maintenance and the batteries longevity are still problematic the system has to be wired up in a somewhat unorthodox way but nevertheless it works joad connects the module to the battery and it starts charging. it doesn't take long to install our technology is the time consuming part is getting to these villages so if i see. the farmer's entire livelihood lies in these fields suffer on. just one gram of the red spice can earn him up to a euro then science family has financed their solar powered system with a crop. among. the top solar power is expensive and we don't have
much money. but we hope this power will improve our lives. the moment of truth has almost become invalid runs the battery cables into the house and screws in the light bulb well first off. it's an exciting moment for the entire family for the first time ever the house has artificial light and. this is the range that i could never see at night sometimes called straight just present i couldn't part with so happy now. you can't imagine what a great feeling it is to see how these people want to know. and if they must in. this evening intend to rot the lights are on for the first time for the ben site family it's a dream come true. the next morning joe would and his colleague make their way home they're heading to the city of was in the south of morocco. it's
strategically placed on the edge of the sorrow and is known as the doorway to the desert. this is where joe would smile business is based on a rock oh get some three thousand hours of sunshine every year twenty eight year old judd has four employees and he says business is booming. and that's partly because morocco is government has been investing in sustainable energy for years and was assad is now home to one of the world's largest solar power plants. or do you mean that one is out to see the world in capital or sell the energy because of this new large power plant. nor does it. even from far away you can see the plants main tower that's been names nor which an arabic like. until recently local relied on imported fuel for almost all of its energy needs now the
country is changing that by developing projects like this one there is some seven and a half thousand mirrors surrounding the tower and a fast feel the mirrors reflect the sunlight focusing it on to the top of the tower which heats up to more than one funnels in degrees celcius. the moroccan manager of the project tariq what paul walker is hearing with mark especially now from the german development bank k.f. gallagher germany has lent more than eight hundred million euros to the project the biggest single contributor to iraq oh couldn't have financed the project alone it's gone up but then it's for supermodel. who has no fossil fuels at the mall did it pass the same time zero energy needs i have a single. that is the reason our government is backing renewables. locally it was an issue of lobby. in just a few years more than forty percent of morocco's electricity will be generated from the sun and wind there are plans to build five large plants like this one meaning
the country could soon be a global leader for solar power. from the high tech energy projects back to the mountains but don't he is being loaded up and his team are heading off to the next tom. although morocco has expanded at select tricity gretta men slay in recent years some villages are simply too remote to reach them which is why these solar technicians are sorely needed. last night bella and his wife speak of the hardships they experienced last december that's one reason why they too find what you don't want a lecture it's a good thing again they can we used to just use candles but when it's still me outside doesn't make it right of langley. we don't have anything on here life is
a very difficult. tells us that moments like these are the reason he does well as he says the long tracks out of town worth every time. morocco is often referred to as the place where the sun sets but the sun is certainly rising on the energy revolution taking place in. time to wrap things up on today's show and to say goodbye from here in johannesburg south africa but would love to see you again next week thank you zee all for signing off for now from here but don't forget that you can always be sure went into our show by checking out the content on our website and social media platforms from the whole into africa team thanks for joining us goodbye from lagos.
dillema. to be mistrustful. when the other such amazing people fight for survival but on a case on a budget because of budget when there's a flood the water comes up to a waist when you're close faster every morning to much. but a lack of water is equal. the dangerous. days and give people move south so they can plant crops and find food stamps. floods and droughts will climate change become the main driver of mass migration you couldn't write any going to peace not if you want and probably most of them to come to. the climate exodus starts a full thirty s. on d w. d c or your five keys to safer food.
clean to prevent contamination. for a draw and cook foods to avoid cross contamination. cooks thoroughly to kill microorganisms. keep food it safe temperatures either to prevent bacterial growth. use safe water and safe raw materials to avoid content. producers are the ones primarily responsible for the safety of the food or both but you can protect yourself and your family from diseases and all by plying the five kilos to sea for food use them you also have
a role to play. this is news live from berlin forces commanded by a libyan warlord close it on tripoli as the power struggle in the north african country heats up the united nations calls on the militias to halt their advance on the capital of libya amidst fears of a renewed civil war also coming up. demonstrators and police class.