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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  April 16, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm CEST

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it invented completely new things and talk of the ancient giants who had originally been its teachers of india. to try to culture out of the darkest villagers into a new ethic. is to place probably no place anywhere in the uk when things were invented such quick succession on. the renaissance. starts april twenty second d. w. . steve barrett is a british fish and his boat is small by industry standards under ten metres long buried knows what he does not want in his life the european union. if we walk away we can take back control of that so it's only
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a little bit if we don't walk away because we do a deal the e.u. won't let us take back control. from our industry which they have to live by. the brits flint is one of germany's last deep sea fishing and. his ship is fairly large forty metres long. flynn says that he no longer understands the british. he couldn't become upset when he got is that they can't take away our fish and best thing for if we don't get a sensible and organized that they won't be good for us fisherman frauds need to answer for. her look at the hardware your workplace your. address history she doesn't look like a saint grew up on the north. seacoast his grandfather was
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a fisherman and always had this talismanic on his boat. you fucked up with a proposal i like to be out on the water i just can't resist a lot of the work that when i was younger i had another career in mind devices but that didn't work out for the sea kept calling me back out here you're your own boss and it's up to you to find the fish but i think it has something to do with the thrill of the chase with the young people with the song. flint knows this business inside out. this monitor shows him where the fish are clinton his crew sail the north sea between norway and scotland the fish move around the region depending on the season they don't pay any attention to international borders. but the question is will the north sea remain open to fishing that's by no means certain. flint decides when and where the crew will put out the nets if he finds
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a good spot they can take in as many as two tons of fish in just twenty minutes. but even while flint is on the job he often worries about the consequences that breaks it could have not only for him but also for british fisherman. if i see the video any bitter after death with billy fish i don't know how they're going to manage their economy so that they can sell fish of course they can keep it for themselves. i have no idea what's going to happen if they leave you in the. us if they make a mess of the bricks that processed it's going to cause a lot of problems with goods on the a mark like. this is the town of ramsgate on britain's south east coast. many of the local reza. instead
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support breck's that. steve barrett is headed for his small fishing boat the razor bill. he shares fritz flints passion for the sea and fishing but that's about all they have in common. barrett works by himself he has no clue some days he has a good catch on others he doesn't bear and blames the e.u. for this situation. nearly three years ago he and some other fishermen sailed up the thames river to show their support for. what i started fishing. for to fabricate. we went fishing we call faith we left it there. it's gradually got worse and more of as the years have gone on in be is the culture fish as if enough more more restrictions. surely.
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we can track. the paperwork of the legislation. or what to say to be a fisherman. off got work off a lot of our choice i'm going to fish. a field of fruit with a chorus for him. to walk. bear it doesn't come from a fishing family when he was younger he worked as a bank clerk but once when he was on a sailing trip to see captured his imagination and he's been out here ever since it's been his life for the last forty years and he makes a living by fishing barely. today there aren't many fish in his nets. that's also bad news for the seagulls who are following him most british fisherman are like barratt they have small boats and stay close to the coast. and like his. colleagues barrett believes that the e.u.'s fishing policies are ridiculous
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afford to have a say let's say you have got no quota for coal. or oil go to say look at forged on the shelves. of a septic a don't simply i-g. feed ourselves and a hundred fifty kg i would call it or i have to put the cut back to have my question. mark so i started say because i took a lot of help and it's not enough. so i cut you know i could trade i was a soldier in the one hundred fifty k. about the call of a book called the good looking men coming in because of all coal one hundred fifty feet of a fellow which is enough to talk about. as steve barrett returns to ramsgate with empty nets fritz plant is sailing along the coast of norway. his trawler belongs to the german company could
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have fish it's the last german owned deep sea fishing fleet. today the crew had been pulling their nets through the north sea for about three hours at a depth of one hundred and twenty meters. now it's time to find out the size of his haul. today's catch is made up mostly of cod and monkfish. actually flint was hoping to find some pollock but they're obviously somewhere else today. because it's got a solution as he knows this is all crap. i found a site on the screen and it looked promising as the fish like to gather an old drilling boreholes but there's absolutely nothing there right now just a few more wells that we thought we might have a good day. this is just bad luck. just
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look at it for lessons. in. today's catch was a disappointment. the crew doesn't seem to mind though. they'll try again tomorrow. night at the somewhat of a fun we'll just have to go farther out into you waters maybe toward scotland will try to find a good spot on. britain's territorial waters are just one hundred sixty not a call miles away and flint knows that once they arrive there they'll have a good catch. but steve barrett can't cover that kind of distance and his small boat which he stays within the twelve mile zone around ramsgate. bird says that he's getting a lot of tough competition from foreign fishing trawlers and he doesn't think
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that's fair at all. the way through the have a very very unfair advantage where they come from quote through an area like a fish die off into a bigger part of. the argument you can fish out war for the weather the way for sure doesn't apply to me because it's too far one ensure. i mean sure flaked. when it comes to bret's it barrett says the harder the better fisherman in denmark spain france and germany have been worried about how hard grex it would affect them particularly if britain closed its territorial waters to them . if splint can't fish off scotland anymore he'll be in trouble. because time is going to be by next year we could be spending eighty percent of our time over there who is with us but if they shut it down. it will be
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a raw deal for us. this is the german north sea port of claim a huff and a city that has experienced first hand the decline of the country's fishing industry since the one nine hundred seventy s. . here at the institute a government research facility economist i have dueling has spent the past two years studying how breck's it might affect germany's fishing fleet. was an extreme. in the worst case scenario britain would shut us out and we'd have to find our quarters of fish elsewhere. or don't use in their stock room but british waters are where the fish are. there for her other locations just don't have the quantity and even if they did it would be a lot more expensive to fish there that could lead to
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a situation where german ships could lose one hundred percent of the catch for a particular species. and i wish them fish pretty up with. so bracks it could have devastating consequences for european fleets that fish off the british coast. dealing explains why the north sea fishing grounds are so important. with this. it's one of our most productive maritime areas. the north sea is rich in fish resources or because the rivers that feed into it provide a lot of nutrients and interest almost one hundred percent of some commercial species are caught here. like herring for example a popular food in germany herring prefer to stay in british waters in late summer and autumn they tend to gather around northern scotland and the shetland islands but this area is inside the two hundred mile zone that the u.k. wants to keep for itself after bra. that.
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this is the town of sustenance on the german baltic island of. factories here processed fifty thousand tons of herring every year and eighty percent of the catch comes from the north sea. people who work at those factories are keeping a close eye on fishing industry negotiations between britain and the e.u. . three of those cases must be. the real problem now is that we might not have a decision on fishing access for twenty nineteen so we won't be able to catch herring in the british zone with. its herring fishing season right now in the baltic the ships deliver their catch for processing but it's not enough to meet consumer demand if the british zone in the north sea is close to foreign ships the
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processing plants in the us that's and the crews that supply them will be hard hit . they're trying to figure out what they'll do if that happens. the herring however will stay in british waters. then. you will just have to fish in the e.u. sown in the north sea along with our partners who supply us with herring would be fun. dozens probably most are but the fact of the matter is that you can find dense concentrations of herring only near the british coast portable to what. supplies of fresh fish from the north sea arrived at the processing plants every day usually by truck via denmark. two hundred fifty jobs at this facility depend on a regular supply of herring. the fish are gutted full laid and. and then ship to
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supermarkets. at this point everything here is going smoothly but the threat of a breck's a boycott has made the workers here nervous. so if it's not if i need to visit the course things are sort of uncertain right now. and some people are really worried. that so much the money i've lived and worked on and we were going for fourteen years. i've got a house here. but i don't know what's going to happen within the next few months. inspire more nikki there's also inverted. and it's not just the workers at the processing plants who are worried people throughout the town and nets are concerned as well. the fish factories are a key element of the local economy and if the supply of herring runs low because of breck's it the downturn could affect the entire community.
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european fishing policies are hammered out here in brussels. we asked to talk to someone at the european commission about the bracks it situation but they declined our request for an interview. they said it's a touchy subject right now. experts are working on a wide variety of options and. the staff have been compiling reports and passing them around to members. since the commission wouldn't talk to us we decided to interview some european members of parliament and. then a cool one is the deputy chairman of parliament's committee on fisheries policy and . some british any peas are here today and they include some bracks of supporters. in the labor party there are colleagues from the british labor party the
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conservatives and you can. sometimes one group blames the others for the brigs at mass. the fishery is committee and the e.u. commission have been debating emergency response measures to bracks at. the discussions show clearly that the situation in the north sea fishery is enormously complex. for example the european fisheries and marine fund would have to be restructured and we'd consider financial support for the possible decommissioning of fishing vessels one fifth of. but of course we want to negotiate a new trade deal with britain as quickly as possible. there are spanish and dutch crew members on board british fishing vessels highly skilled crew. and they're an important part of the team. some people get really emotional about that situation.
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and it's getting a lot of attention. off the whole fifty years but. we're now in the scottish town of peterhead thriving ports on the north sea coast just one third of all the fish imported by the u.k. moves through peterhead. if the fishing industry is booming anywhere in britain it's here. we met several foreign workers here and even came across a german citizen and they all earn their living by catching processing or transporting fish. very. close test delivers supplies the fish every day from the port of peterhead to aberdeen about forty kilometers south he says that just the threat of bracks it has disrupted the local economy. by them exercise also and the prices on the shops keep going up and if britain lead to the e.u.
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will be ruined your complete floor but if you earn just enough to pay my bills you know i can't put any money aside but i still earn the same. but things keep getting more expensive and it's a good man awful awful awful said i was never the cigarettes you are just. the local fish industry may be booming but the workers are definitely not any better off one reason for that is the weak british pound which makes imports more expensive at the same time a weak pound makes u.k. fish exports less expensive so demand from e.u. countries is up. seventy five percent of those exports go to the european union. peterhead fish depot is one of the largest in europe the entire facility was recently expanded with some financial support from the e.u. more than eight thousand crates of locally caught fish arrive here every day. the
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fishermen and the processors want to keep this valuable resource for themselves. we continually have said that is a huge up to an opportunity for the for the u.k. to become. a sovereign state again and be in control of its what else the us is not about alone or european counterparts to fish this is about rebuilding control who and when they fish and. we have my own nation with a very fish which fishing grounds and therefore is an old best interests as a united kingdom that we monitor and control the store. so if britain leaves the e.u. it will be able to keep more of its fish because the europeans will be locked out of its waters a lot of people in peterhead say that's a good idea we don't have enough. of the course because others are so little.
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in the decors exhausted over a few months and you have to go and buy your fish red fish. boy fresh from other e.u. countries deficient on what i think is you know i think we should get on board to get that and i think we should be and i think we should i mean if we go ahead with that. that's fine for. the people to be ahead because he was doing i believe john fogerty all of what i want. and on the. show i don't see why he should be and i checked out for. these big. show how the total cash is divided one third is caught by british fisherman. vessels take about half of it these quotas are outlined in the european union's common fisheries policy. but if you look at the economic value of the fish that are caught britain takes in
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almost half of the proceeds european fishermen get only about forty percent want to cut it out in order to. get a day to fish fish. fish are profitable for the u.k. and especially for scotland still the fishing industry accounts for less than one percent of britain's gross domestic product. but they also know how to make their voice heard in government that's why london has sent a top rexford official to peterhead for talks of seafood good children is your start ripping. we need to begin with because here's jimmy button is the founder and owner of the amity fish company. and before he moved into management but and spent decades at sea as a fisherman he says the industry wants more investment security and jobs. he also wants the government to encourage people to eat more british fish and to promote
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fish exports to asia. right now the port of peterhead and the fish factories provide around ten thousand jobs. and. it takes a lot of people to process all that fish. competing companies in iceland or norway now use machines to do much of this work. in any case but one hopes that the industry will be able to grow even further after breath. i think that not a huge opportunity for us to grow in this type of business because of the stuff was more material available then there was more opportunity for a business like this to be spotted and therefore the smaller one is to come up to this level so that is a huge opportunity both for people on for business on the back of but exits.
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jimmy behind has been speaking out in favor of rex and for the past two years he believes that if britain leaves the e.u. the u.k. fishing industry will still be able to export a lot of its catch to europe. as we've said seventy percent goes to e.u. countries right now and that's one hopes that will continue. the market is the people the market is we've got a product we've got a buyer and if if if the product is at the right place and the right quality is the market no politics somehow and plains in between not in votes with coles the flexion but. we've got the product we've got people who want to eat quality seafood so we should stop the politics out of it and we will get on absolutely fantastic. that sounds good but the e.u.
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says common fisheries policy is not based on track matic capitalism and that was a deliberate decision it if britain were to ban european fishing boats from its territorial waters the e.u. would likely find a way to retaliate. the seventy five seventy five eighty eighty five people out of. certain fishing areas are closed to the european fleet but on the e.u. could impose an embargo on fish and fish products from britain. in the all powerful known frank doesn't come from a top that sounds like something that president trump would do. you know until it but we're talking here about exports that are worth a total of one point three billion euros to get food for you have. that's pretty tough talk but international trade is a tough business it's all about supply and demand but britain's fishing industry
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does not supply the kind of fish that british consumers demand. eighty percent of the fish that britons prefer to eat is concentrated in just five species . those fish are not found inside the british zone so they have to be imported. there are more than ten thousand fish and chip shops in the u.k. . cod used to be the fish of choice at these shops but now stocks of cod in british waters have fallen off sharply so they use substitutes. for paper that would have gone before fish and chips i doubt i was there in march that old record required water white way of fish and chips i don't know i have caught on a claim it's not local with we're not lending it luckily. steve barrett makes a point of eating his fish and chips at a restaurant that makes them with cod. chef mark way is frying
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some fish right now but it probably came from norway not britain. so u.k. fishermen catch a lot of species that people in their own country don't eat and that won't change after breakfast at. breakfast supporters in the fishing industry have suffered some setbacks in recent months. and it won't be easy to close british waters to european ships. but jimmy button is standing his ground. we do not share the oil and guts with. bots so why should we share the first two and for those days ahead on news it's not that simple or even if britain is no longer governed by e.u. fisheries policy for international treaties will still apply recruits like the un
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convention on the law of the sea that law bludgers coastal states to regulate fish stocks that are managed jointly or that are found in more than one zone so britain and the e.u. would have to hammer out a new agreement on how to share the catch to funk because. the more you talk to steve barrett the more you realize that his hopes for a better future are fading and his doubts about the british government's ability to protect his interests are growing. we just whole feel that we've been let down and. the only real thing that's come out of it is. or don't think if i live to be honored fifty i would never ever trust a politician again. there it is disappointed even angry. but his german colleague fritz flint hopes that things will turn out all right. he
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wants to be able to fish anywhere in the north sea subject to international quota agreements of course clint loves his job and he'd like to keep his crew employed. but deep down he wishes that things could just go back to the way they were. dealt with with the fact that i think the best thing would be for britain to just forget about leaving the e.u. for the bill but my crew and i are happy with the way things are now therefore i would be for us there are no negatives. i think they should just work out and i. there's a lot of the ideas are complex us. at this point it's still not clear how the bracks a drama will play out but one thing is certain breck's it will not solve the problems of the north sea fishing industry.
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on the other starts rising people fight for survival on a case on a budget the budget budget when there's a flood of water comes up toward waste by good flows fast to everyone but. the lack of water is equally dangerous. there's young people to see it will move south so they can plant crops and find food. floods and droughts climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can the bad right any kind of fix not if you want and probably most of them will come to. the climate exodus starts if thirty s. on t w.
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this is d.w. news live from berlin the flames are out and now the. paris firefighters extinguished the blaze that consumed notre dame cathedral for fifteen hours now they're investigating how the fire erupted and then go to one of the world's most famous landmarks. also coming up along.


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