tv The Day Deutsche Welle April 16, 2019 10:30pm-11:01pm CEST
south so they can plant crops and find food processor. floods and droughts will climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can write any are going to use not if you want them probably more the federal government. the climate exodus starts here for thirty years on t w. this was notre dame cathedral just twenty four hours ago this catholic church this gothic monument this eight hundred fifty year old part of paris was devastated its famous spire collapsing its roof gutted a fire investigators say the blaze was most likely an accident and not arson tonight there are pledges of more than half a billion euros to rebuild the cathedral can it be done in five years president says it can i've heard off in berlin this is the day.
that saw it in the fire that destroyed the town and remind says that our history never ends. what we think is indestructible. come be destroyed. everything that makes for good whether it be material spiritual it is living and that. we should never forget that. the. firefighters fun with courage and determination. the essential is saved not saddam has been burned to the ground.
to see this beautiful church the heart of paris and claims to be in touch to see the flames. also coming up tonight a disturbing report on living conditions for migrants arriving in germany and seeking asylum the seeking the xp. those us accent are supposed to be uncomfortable and humiliating to motivate those who have no real need for protection to leave the country preferably of their own accord to unite us to dismember the from us and contributed. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all around the world welcome we begin the day with a five year plan to rebuild the cathedral of notre dame in paris it has been just twenty four hours since a fire devastated much of the gothic cathedrals court tonight for its president
emanuel mccrone says he wants twenty first century technology used to rebuild to restore the damaged in shard twelfth century church all within the next five years in ambitious goal and most likely an expensive one but since news of the blaze first broke last night pledges totaling more than half a billion euros have been made money earmarked for rebuilding notre dame's on the ground investigators say that the fire was caused probably by an accident and not arson it tonight in paris across france europe and around the world people are still in shock lamenting the loss of an architectural jewel and a symbol of france's heritage. paris the morning after the heroes of not your damn inspect what they were able to save. less than twelve hours before the world had its eyes on them as they battled to avoid the destruction of the city's most
iconic house of worship. they managed to save the eight hundred fifty year old buildings main stone structure but the roof and other parts of the cathedral were ruined in the blaze. the catastrophe brought life in paris to halt. the little. there were moved the old world. with the flames extinguished and the disaster averted it's time to assess the damage to gaping holes and not sure the mc illing and debris as far as the eye can see experts believe the main structure will survive but renovation will be a long and complicated task. between ten and fifteen years seems reasonable to me and i had
a falling minister talk about three or four years but that new case unrealistic just. before starting to restore it will be necessary to secure the site. this will require a lot of work. besides ensuring reinforcement it will be necessary to build a scaffolding with an almond rela to be able to cover the entire roof to ensure protection against the elements. beyond being venerated as a masterpiece of mediæval architecture not for damn also housed outstanding examples of western art and holy relics while some of them were lost in the blaze firefighters were able to salvage a great number of the cathedrals treasures among them the holy crown of thorns believed by catholics to have been warned by jesus christ at his crucifixion. it was remarkable teamwork to secure the most precious good six notably the crown of thorns and the true nick of scent louis which is safe from the city hall the rest
of the treasures will be stored in the loo floor from today or tomorrow as quickly as possible. although arson has been ruled out french authorities say they won't rest until they know what caused the fire. to the public prosecutor was very clear film helping leads us to think that they could be another cause then and accidents a one income but in any case there are currently fifty investigators mobilized and we will be studying everything and the whole truth will be told if it restoration work was under way yet not true damn when the fire broke out but the company in charge denies any wrongdoing insisting none of its employees were on site at the moment the cathedral went up in flames. or let's take the story out of paris or correspondent lisa lewis is joining me not far from the fire damaged notre dame cathedral good evening to you lisa we know that people are still in shock. over
what happened yesterday in fact we're looking now we've got wives pictures of vigils that are being held across terrorists maybe we can look at the people coming together in their grief over what was lost in the fire if you could talk to me about the mood tonight in just twenty four hours after the blaze devastated the cathedral. yes because while the fear is still cordoned off widely and people have gathered it nevertheless many sides of the cathedral to show their respect to actually express their sorrow for you know for that that fire that went off last night that no one understood no one knows why it happened everybody seemed to be astonished by by that they thought this can't be happening this must be fake news really and then they realized there was really happening and then people came here today to actually look at the cathedral and actually check if
indeed it is still standing and many people have been telling me earlier today you know we're really happy that there is something left of not for them which really represents the heart of a culture of our culture heritage radio france of europe so many people here feel some kind of pain but they're also actually standing together and saying we can go through this and we will indeed be able to built this reconstruct this cathedral and that is what we heard this evening from the french president emmanuel back he wants. to be restored and rebuilt within five years that sounds ambitious is that even possible. well it is very ambitious and ambitious some restorers have come out today talking about how
long it would take and it doesn't seem to be they don't seem to be agreeing on that actually some people say five years some people say fifteen years some see some actually say even more really depending on to what detail you want to reconstruct the cathedral you want to maybe construct a different project but obviously what in my macaw the president was expressing tonight as well it was that he was actually willing to reconstruct this this church and that it was kind of a political message really you know i can do this i can see this tree and we can do this together. and in just the last twenty four hours lisa there's been more than half a billion euros pledged to help restore and rebuild the cathedral well what do we know about these donors many of them i understand or the the titans of the french economy but who are these people. well that's you've got
mass you've got big companies like. you guys. but also private donors really you know rich wealthy families like the family and then the government different parts of the government regional government local government also ministries are set to begin to rebuild this church the cathedral but obviously they will also be at the question of liability at the companies that had been lined up to restore that they already have insurance companies but these insurance companies insurance policies only kick in if and when their forward is actually established say investigations are still ongoing they're fifty investigators looking into the case the at paris prosecutor's office has opened an investigation and they're actually trying to establish what really happened and to what extent the damage or you know the cost of the two reconstruction will have to be covered
by insurance companies you know the final four but it's certainly going to be a very large one and. you know that for sides figure no one is venturing that at least not tonight lou which in paris lisa thank you. is a lot of talk about rebuilding the cathedral but what about the things inside that were lost the talk about that i'm joined now by lisa regularly she's associate professor of medieval art in architecture and she joins us from the university of virginia professor it's good to see you. talk to me first if you would about what was inside the cathedral last night we knew some things had already been removed for restoration but what was inside and what was lost do we know what what relics what works were lost last month. well i don't know that i know entirely from what i'm reading most things seem to have been saved the most important relic of course
is the crown of thorns which was how to believe that the base of the spire which was c. and when other treasures is being moved to the aloof receive keeping while restoration process goes on and number of the sculptures had been brought down also as part of the rest thracian process from the roof so quite thankfully those are also in good condition from what i'm reading today the stained glass in particular those rose windows that everyone on love so much in the northern towns transepts and west side go to seem to have held up during the damage as well. and the critical statues that i'm reading have all been fine i guess people really risk their lives to get on this particular route from the tower but to turn successfully you have we understand that the firefighters had already been trained to remove pressures artifacts and relics from no church and so
hopefully i think they were hundred firefighters involved last night in simply removing things from inside the movie what about the the expertise that is needed to restore artwork sculptures and even part of the the architecture what kind of expertise is required now and where in the world are we going to find it considering it's been you know hundreds of years since some of these things were created. well there are it's surprisingly enough people still trained in all of these techniques largely because most of these buildings as notre dame was undergoing restoration are undergoing restoration on a regular basis and with that often sculptures are very car. things like pinnacles with kind of crockett's and decoration capitals redone and stained glass
restored as well i frequently work at york minster and there are. still masons yard it's filled with people who are able to cut stone to the specifications needed to to reconstruct and restore that building and they're also stained glass workshops where restoration work can be done. here in the united states' national cathedral which is very much just like st john the divine wanted to emulate a medieval building had craftsmen who could in fact. rapidly kate the kind of product of a medieval building you know whether there is highly skilled or not it's hard to say but there certainly are people trained now for this project you're really in a new lot of those people and that will be the question is whether there is how many people there are who can who can be brought to work on this project at one time if indeed they want to get it done as quickly if they're saying what do you make. of what we heard tonight from the french president he wants everything
rebuilt restored within five years is that ambitious or is that a politician. speaking you know with politics in his mind. i'm sure it's a bit of thought is out there i was reading today that i mean first of all it's premature because we haven't had a structural report that i've seen telling us exactly what the extent structural issues are i did read that they said the building is not stable i don't know how much this don't work with damage which would mean taking down parts of the walls and restoring them so until you have a full report it's very difficult to see exactly how long it would take the york minster firehouse transfer there where the vault of all where when for the vault and and they had to be restored that was a four year project but that's just part of. cathedral one rance was rebuilt after the second world war are which was much more badly damaged then. you know hopefully people can go faster that was
a twenty year project so five years it's really going to depend on how much money people are willing to put in at one time to make it go that fast and how quickly their actual steam was developed the issues can be attached you know you talk about the money there there are lots of pledges coming in so maybe the money will be there would have to ask you as a medieval art professor specialist how does it feel when you see that they have really been struggling to get the money they needed to do the necessary restorations refurbishments and that we've had this devastating fire and now the money is pouring in it must it must be for someone particularly like yourself frustrating to see that you get the means that you need but only after part of it is lost forever. there is a certain amount of irony in this because notre dame is i mean not done is the cathedral of france and of course it's central sort of to french identity but there are
a lot of medieval buildings all over of your equally spectacular that are struggling because of the cost of just maintaining them never mind restoring them and you know it is slightly like to joni mitchell song you don't know where it lost its gone yeah now suddenly people are realizing you know just how critical these buildings are to our sense of history our sense of culture a particular french nation. lisa riley is so shit professor of medieval art in architecture at the university of virginia professor rather we appreciate you taking the time to talk with us and sharing your insights thank you thank you. we're here in germany there's growing criticism of how the state treats migrants who arrived seeking asylum in twenty eight c. in authorities say they considered more than two hundred thousand applications for sila more than a third were rejected but before
a decision is ever made migrants can spend weeks or months in what are called holding centers be used as a clora valter reports on those centers from the very in southern drawl. behind this fence nice the first info poke refugee camp reporters are not allowed inside so for the residents meet us here because they fear of reprisals from the authorities they wish to remain anonymous you go to the bathroom and notice that about fifty or even one hundred people are using the same toilet infections are everywhere if i want to see a doctor i have to get up at around one in the morning and get in line when the clinic opens fifty people are already there and the doctor he only treats twenty a day how can you survive we're asking germany please help us here.
moses fled nigeria because of religious persecution he's been living in the camp for a year and a half together with his wife and child including one of his friends shows us footage shot inside the camp up to eight people in one room. showers and bathrooms in terrible condition and cleaned only rarely they tell us just a. little. bit. when migrants leave the camp they have to hand over their documents inside there's nothing to do no one's allowed to walk several traumatised refugees have already been committed to a psychiatric clinic according to the refugees that's been several suicide attempts we wanted to take the refugees complains to the state government but it wouldn't grant an interview only this written statement. the residents of the first in photo coding center are coming dated in accordance with
current guidelines. on the whole there's plenty of space at the center. the local integration commissioner projects this is sussman and believe that i has visited the come many times he confirms the place is unfit for human habitation and a long term basis and he says the refugees are condemned to a miserable plight than dust and i asked him what the standards for being up held. there are no standards at all these processing centers are supposed to be on comfortable and humiliating to motivate those who have no real need for protection to leave the country preferably of their own accord. to do one of the for lawson if you could for everybody but with every month the refugee spend here the frustration grows fights and protests are part of everyday life at the camp in the beginning the authorities told me that this was going to be
a temporary situation but this temporary situation turned into a year and five months according to regulations refugees should either be trans food or deported within twenty four months but groups like the bavarian refugee council report this time limit is soft next seeded all the more reasons they say to improve conditions in the camp as soon as possible. for more on this political correspondent simon young mean these holding centers for refugees like the one of the very they have been around at war what about. a year or so and they were intended to streamline the application process and how many of them are there. seven senses that were opened in bavaria and summer of last year but in fact actually that means more sites because there are camps and smaller locations like this one dotted around there are also other such senses obviously in the other
regional states of a there's been a bit of an argument about what they should be cold how many bureaucratic services dealing with refugees should all be bundled in one place what makes sense a lot of these other states have said you know we already had process is that we're working well so we don't need to change them in line with what the government wants but nonetheless this is a system that's been rolled out across the country even if it's the individual states who are delivering the services not central government do we know are these are all of these centers are they like the ones we saw in the story how much do we really know about what the conditions are inside yet it has been hard to get information as we saw there you know journalists are sometimes not been allowed in and even lawyers have been turned away in some cases nonetheless there are i think reliable reports from lawyers and from the refugees themselves who've been able to give information about what conditions are like and they don't paint a pretty picture a lot of these senses are in rather remote out of the way places it's difficult for
people to access legal services and then there's been these reports about unsanitary conditions. and satisfactory conditions in particular for women and for especially for mothers with young children children are not getting at the schooling that they would want and there are no common rooms for people where they can sort of develop some kind of normal life and push forward their applications so there's a lot of complaints and a lot of sense that at least in some places there are problems so these are the accusations in the criticisms how has the government respond. well that hasn't been a lot of response directly what i can tell you is the interior minister who is saying he's really been driving for with a sort of tough approach to refugees he said last november that you know he thinks this is the white to go the sort of one stop shop and if people need to be sent home that can happen bob wire around the perimeter he says it's working and this is
the way to go forward other people say differently and we've we've also heard comments that is not supposed to be comfortable there or make you want to stay that's also been reported what about the notion that these centers are supposed to be a deterrent for migrants well i think there is possibly something to that as i say has been driven forward by the interior minister as part of his migration last a plan as he called it which is a decidedly tough approach and of course it's been driven forward by the concerns that some people have that you know the government hasn't been tough enough on refugees and that's partly what's driven the rise of the far right recent years the government says irrespective of that we've got to prove that people who have you know where there's been a deputation order against them that they all going to be sent home but of course a lot of the activists and refugee groups church groups are saying you know this isn't a dignified way to treat people who are in trouble and we need to get a more dignified system some young as always thank you. for the day is almost on
the conversation continues online if i just want twitter either at u.w. news or you can follow me at brit golf t.v. don't forget to use the hash tag the day we want to leave you tonight with the sights and sounds of churches around germany their bills rage today in solidarity with the bells of notre dame remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then. that.
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this is v.w. news live from berlin tonight in paris an emotional tribute to notre dame just twenty four hours after flames engulfed the goods the. hundreds marched in solemn solidarity the french president microland israel injury storch the structure to its former glory within five years also coming up at russia needs to tighten state control on.