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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  April 17, 2019 4:30am-5:01am CEST

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six hundred years ago. renaissance. darkest. the renaissance for. twenty second d. w. . a warm welcome to global three thousand today we visit a vast electronic waste site in many earn a livelihood here that huge cost to their health. in belarus we meet activists
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campaigning against a new factory which they fear is an environmental disaster in the making. but we start in rwanda many fled the country during the genocide some and now returning we find out how that feels. the rwandan genocide was without doubt one of the darkest periods in human history. in january nine hundred ninety four the u.n. commander in rwanda only or dallaire alerted the headquarters in new york he'd received word that a pro regime hutu group was preparing an attack against the tutsi minority but he was told to take no action. in april one thousand nine hundred four rwanda's president juvenile havea ramana who too was killed when his plane was shot down within hours the genocide began in one hundred days radical hutu militias had killed up to a million tutsis and. hutus those who could fled at first then
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later hutus fearing revenge by the victims thousands headed to neighboring democratic republic of congo and only now twenty five years later some of them finally returning to their homeland. daybreak in eastern congo a region that's been wracked for over twenty years by fighting between rival rebel groups the un peacekeeping mission in the democratic republic of congo has so far failed to bring an end to the violence the most it's managed to do is encourage a few individual fighters to lay down their arms. until now the saudi mannish are more was a member of or a london group of armed rebels operating in eastern congo he felt trapped until he found out that the un could help him leave and return to the country of his parents first he undergoes a thorough medical examination. the young man knows
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a little about a wonder he was born in diaz see his parents fled their after the rwandan genocide along with hundreds of thousands of hutus who feared reprisals. came here from a long way away now i'm safe with the u.n. and i think they'll help me i have a better future now. show more on another former rebel who will be taken over the border to rwanda or later today the government there has pledged to reintegrate them into society. i'm so happy that i had wings i'd fly up to heaven. now i'm going back to my country. i'm getting out of the bush. how the man i'm always was born in one thousand nine hundred ninety four the year
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of the genocide his parents fled with him to see and he grew up here. he began to bear no responsibility for the must slaughter that happened twenty five years ago the young men are simply victims of circumstance. extremists who choose in rwanda as government were behind the murder of between eight hundred thousand and one million people most of whom belonged to the to the minority. fearing retaliation many who choose fled the country including the parents of the two young men. in today's rwanda few visible traces of the genocide remain. in the two men are brought to a reintegration camp where former rebels are prepared for civilian life it's run by the rwandan government. was.
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you know no i haven't even been here for an hour but i already like it. it's a good place and. some of the men already here recognise happy manner before together in g r c in recent years tens of thousands of former hutu rebels have voluntarily returns to rwanda. at meal times the young men are served with generous portions here they no longer need to steal them plunder to come buy food. the next day the men gather for an assembly they sing songs celebrating their country rwanda. it was. the state led efforts to promote reconciliation and
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unity has been underway for some twenty years now these days hutus and tutsis once again live side by side notions of ethnicity and sectarianism have been affectively and raised. the psychologist talks to the men about trauma. you need to talk about it he says but something these men have never learned to do. some of them were already adults in one thousand nine hundred four even know anyone suspected of having played a role in the killings can expect to stand trial. for whatever reason the subby manisha moans parents have chosen to stay in d.l.c. he doesn't know where he will go when he leaves the camp the authorities will try to help him track down some relatives. have you monomoy he's on the other hand will soon be reunited with his family the manager of the reintegration camp was
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a soldier with the army that defeated the rwandan government forces and ended the genocide he lost many members of his family but he's committed to helping the perpetrators reintegrate into society. so talking about who doesn't in value what but. we do talk about it. the way of. teaching these people. the. lord we have. a. mission. the next day. is issued with some money and a permit to visit his parents for three days it's an important step in his rehabilitation. he hasn't seen his mother for ten years she returned to rwanda when he was just
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a teenager he stayed in the d r c with the rebels. group. over. i'm so happy to see my son again. the neighbors are all so happy some of them are here to see some scenes not that it's supposed to matter in today's rwanda happy man i'm always has other things on his mind such as how he will make a living. on the rich and the d r c we always hoped we'd find gold but we never did. i'm wondering what i'm going to live from and what sort of a future i'm facing. a few months in a reintegration camp can hardly make up for twenty five lost years and i was a those who witnessed the genocide and not the only ones traumatized by it their
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children to face an uphill struggle in their search for peace unity and reconciliation. when industrial waste is not safely disposed of the results can be disastrous in hungary in two thousand and ten a huge basin of chemical waste burst causing a red sludge full of lead in metal oxides to flood several local towns. three quarters of the world is used in the production of car batteries now a new factory in bel-air room is bringing residents on to the streets. welcome to the future a huge industrial park is under construction near the belorussian capital minsk a collaborative project between china and belarus the new high tech eco city will cover more than one hundred square kilometers but back in the present people in the
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city of brest in the west of the country are protesting against a factory also developed with chinese funding that's already complete. this factories come in for criticism because it will produce car batteries containing lead a toxic heavy metal. plant run by a company called i power which plans to make up to two million batteries a year here. you know your subic wants to stop that she's one of thousands of activists who've spent months protesting against i power they say the plant damages the environment. the fact each team with the only thing we're doing what all city authority should be doing is protecting the health of our residents the young me and i soon. as house is just a kilometer away from the battery plant she's just finished building it with her husband now she's worried that lead from the plant's production waste will pollute the air i'm saw oil. from.
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yeah it's a real tragedy this is dangerous because it puts my health and my children's health at risk. and her fellow protesters want to prove that i power management installed old machinery to save money. photos taken in secret can allegedly prove this. some suspect the equipment came from similar factories abroad that were shut down. by power denies the accusations it says plant construction was supervised by the bella russo environmental or thorazine. of course these sorts of plants rank among the more harmful ones we know that. we've invested a lot of money and energy keep the ecological dangers to a minimum boston. union doesn't believe. she shares photos of the company premises
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and documents from abroad supposedly proving that far higher levels of lead end up in the atmosphere from lead battery production than i power is admitting to. on a separate issue i power told us that seventy percent of their batteries are exporters also to asia. china has been raising its environmental standards recently could it be that china doesn't want plants like this on its own soil because they're too dangerous and would rather import more batteries instead. in this protest song the people of breast say their health means nothing when it comes to industry. that envelops of all closers where much of the radioactive fallout ended up after the churn of builders aster thirty three years ago. we want our protest to change i powers profile to the point that kids' toys are
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made there instead of batteries. of course we're talking about a miracle. a miracle that probably won't ever come true breast city authorities have confirmed that the battery plant will go into operation as planned. just how destructive toxins can be for both the environment and people's health is devastatingly clear at a vast electronic waste site in ghana in our global ideas series we headed to the capital accra there are reports heavy clay fine singer visited the dump sometimes called the gates of hell and witnessed another side to it namely some highly proficient and extremely tough recycling since. i have a pair of course yet. that goes all with fire you can't. whether it's a damaged charging socket
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a cracked screen or even a processor bus current job he can repair everything the way. so. he simply replaces the broken component with a used part. in akron and there are a passion ops like his on every street corner they tend to specialize in one type of electrical product. most of the names can't afford to buy brand new electrical goods instead they buy used electronic equipment passed on from developed nations which they then have to keep getting repaired if you want to give someone brings me a television set that's beyond repair i dismantle it and take out the parts i remove the aluminum casing and the plastic parts and then i sell it all to scrap
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collectors. as one of approximately five thousand workers who collect and resell scrap from across vast electronic waste dump known as. they also buy ops crap from waste collectors on the side of the road to sell on televisions for ages and vacuum cleaners all these discarded electronics contain valuable components abdul cut him has learned to drive a hard bargain it's the only way he can earn a living. in the late afternoon the scrap workers head back to our blog inspecting the truckloads of goods as they arrive. the demand for electronic waste is insatiable. on pines. for fabiano we. sometimes reach. more
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get. i'm lucky i always see. us yellin. if i dismantled when i was young i don't think. they dismantle all the items manually and find a new use for everything. parts for example can be taken to a workshop melted down and transformed into a bracelet. alinea recovered from old fridges also gets melted down. the heat is unbearable and the smoke stings the workers' eyes and fills their minds. the resulting in the minium bars are used to make cooking pots in all shapes and sizes. and the
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toxic side effects of all this recycling are impossible to overlook the ground is visibly polluted livestock rummage around in the waste so that meat and milk ends up contaminated to. you but it's the burning plastic and the fiqh dust and such in the air that pose the most serious health risk to you and me. julius forbidden from the university of ghana has spent years studying the adverse health effects suffered by the people who work at the landfill site here. skin law through celebrity fear and also skin disease you. see government would be just great for health for the moment but pollution here is short in terms of. the quality of. what we know about but there's really not tell us what that's going to do they have to make a living and so. it's a. big money. the german development
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agency g.i. zed a set up a recycling center on the site in a bid to tackle the problem in a pilot project that you. it has begun buying copper from the workers so that they no longer need to burn it. i spent most of the first year gaining their trust an important part of the approach to this is and i think one reason why it's working so well is that we made sure we listened closely to what the scrap collectors said they wanted and needed. thought about them for more years one thing one of our main considerations is to preserve the spirit of this place. so i feel the e.u. workers were keen to make the process of recovering the scrap metal safer with protective masks and proper tools for example they also wanted advice on how to earn more from recycling now they can attend workshops here in the middle of the scrap yard the idea is that they can pass on their expertise to the forty thousand
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other workers here. they should be morticians you waste because it's also linked to the climate change they've been making noise about. dismantling is the cornerstone of the classes. the participants are shown how to take the electrical goods apart in a way that minimizes the risk of damage to their health and the environment. plastics and metals are then sent on to professional recycling companies. that rice sells as well they are very explosive sometimes if you can you see that it was and if these are. among to. do with yes box of fire and explosion is all over thanks to the lessons that the workers have also been able to increase their income. we need to be. meeting. market prices of we go online and we see this is how much you sell at this crop that is
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how much you sell it was there was and because of the profits gone nature of this exercise. easy to do on. the whole of law she turned out to celebrate the inauguration of the new recycling center. the site also includes a health center which garners environment minister came to inaugurate. and perhaps even more importantly the german development agency also met the workers number one request that very own football pitch right at the landfill site now both onlookers and players can enjoy some well earned downtime and fresh air. if you're born into poverty you've a high chance of staying cool forever it's a vicious circle commonly children in poorer families have only media access to
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education and limited schooling leads to limited work opportunities much of which have badly paints prosperity remains a pipe dream. but education can offer a way out around seven hundred eighteen million people worldwide live in extreme poverty. but with a secondary level education more than half of them could lift themselves out of poverty. that's the premise behind a hospitality school on the intonation island of somebody it offas a very special education program. soon these hotel trainees will be working at the reception desk in the bar or doing housekeeping but before they get to that stage the young people have to get their hands dirty. seventeen year old girl it has been at the symbol hotel school for two months. because. the entire. i'm learning about restaurant and bar
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management and growing vegetables is part of that it's fun. but so far the best part was learning how to make a cappuccino which enough. the super hospitality foundation is largely financed by donations. each year the foundation offers some sixty young men and women from poor communities the chance of a lifetime an apprenticeship in a five star hotel. they don't have enough like you who are more doe's the bee exit says foss and besides this see their family and their neighbor yet but they believe they have and they're see they have a big mouth their face and if you see them since beginning and you've compared to the situation now it's really wonderful or different courts. lessons in the kitchen include making manny's serving breakfast and mixing cocktails. yari and his fellow
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students have never done those things before but now they're learning. yari wants to be a cook. from a predicament such only eat corn and sometimes fish. we don't have anything like manet's at home i. cut. the sun bathes the bamboo roofs of some but in a magical light. less than an hour's flight from bali somebody is still wild and undiscovered spared from the blight of mass tourism. but at the time comes head of the hotel school says the people of some bush should be ready to profit from it. yari is visiting his family for the first time in two months they rub noses in a traditional greeting.
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some but as one of indonesia's poorest islands many residents have no running water or access to electricity and many children don't go to school. i'm so happy i can get this eighty creation so the people back when i went to school here i had to walk three kilometers after school a help my parents getting water from the stream wood for burning and grass for the buffalo it was a hard life. carolyn grew up with her aunt and this is the first time she's visited her for a long time they have a lot to catch up on. carolyn describes her first day at school. she says her heart was beating so fast. getting me that that i always took care of that ever since she was
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a little girl. but now other people will take over they will teach many new things in her life. since. the teenager will be away from home for nearly a year then she'll do a seven month internship in the hotel itself and that time airline will learn much more than business the hotel school also aims to give these young people confidence and independence. so if i found mama i promised my aunt i'd be able to support our family better if i went to the school so she let me go and. this ability scene is the setting for a world class hotel. yari in erlend are hoping they'll be able to test out their skills by getting an internship here. i
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imagine some day the hotel heiress will be full of guests drinking the cup and she knows i've made. making capital could turn out to be the first step of a stellar career. that's all from global three thousand this time we're back next week and don't forget we love hearing from you send us an e-mail to global three thousand d.w. dot com and check us out on facebook d.w. women take care.
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can africa. goes here or anything but look at that. didn't hear it could go in. the can in guides ca hardly makes a sound and environmental projects with sustainable energy. bars.
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in thirty minutes w. . come under the hammer. high prices. that's today's art market and it's booming. but who decides what's hot writes not who is investing speculating winning and losing we meet some of the movers and shakers. made in germany going to minutes on the your. every journey begins with the first step and every language but the first word published in the. code is in germany to learn german and why not come with a simple online on your mobile and free shop d w z e learning course nikos fake german made easy. why are such as
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a people fight for survival. is called a dangerous. floods and droughts will climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can write any kind of peace not if you want and probably more of them to come to. the climate today starts people thirty years on t w. but on what it. is you know i mean in your monotonous inquiry yes. goes over my desk cynical mia. us all up with out about our. vision of getting. it on what it. this you know i mean in your monotonous incline you know. sort of moment out is. what i'm focused on in this you know what i'm on what it took and i
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said i'm not going to set them on. this you know i mean you're minorities ingrown you are going to get when you cry i don't want it. i mean i'm going to and generates. the show could oh. yes it's a. question i. cannot i've only said what i thought going on with their funding. because as if to say i said. my. friend president emanuel michael has vowed to rebuild or not you're damn cathedral in paris within five years after the devastating fire which gosh at the gothic masterpiece firefighters extinguish the flames after fifteen hours and sign of the main structure investigators say the fire is being treated as accidental. engine
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asians of voting in presidential and parliamentary elections more than one hundred ninety million registered voters are set to cast their ballot.

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