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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  April 17, 2019 9:30am-10:01am CEST

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invented completely new things and talk of the ancient giants who had originally been its teachers even to. try to teach europe out of the darkest milliliters into a new ethic. system there's probably no place anywhere in the uk when things went minute such quick succession on. the renaissance. starts april twenty second d. w. . steve barrett is a british fish and his boat is small by industry standards under ten metres long there it knows what he does not want in his life the european union. if we walk away we can take back control of that so it's only
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a little bit if we don't walk away because we do a deal the e.u. won't let us take back control. of our industry which they have to live by. fritz flint is one of germany's last deep sea fisherman. and his ship is fairly large forty metres long. flynn says that he no longer understands the british. he could go because not only that they can't take away our fish and destiny for if we don't get a sensible and organized they won't be good for us fisherman for on snake throats or for. her to have her arm where you wear your. rocker to sing she doesn't look like a saint grew up on the north sea. the coast his grandfather was
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a fisherman and always had this talismanic on his boat. the fact that it's the proposal i like to be out on the water i just can't resist a thought that when i was younger i had another career in mind but that didn't work out for the sea kept calling me back out here you're your own boss and it's up to you to find the fish but i think it has something to do with the thrill of the chase with young people was the song. flint knows this business inside out. this monitor shows him where the fish are clinton his crew sail the north sea between norway and scotland the fish move around the region depending on the season they don't pay any attention to international borders. but the question is will the north sea remain open to fishing that's by no means certain. flynn decides when and where the crew will put out the nets if he finds
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a good spot they can take in as many as two tons of fish in just twenty minutes. but even while flint is on the job he often worries about the consequences that rex it could have not only for him but also for british fisherman. if i speak to the net a bit after the billy fish go i don't know how they're going to manage their economy so that they can sell fish of course they can keep it for themselves. i have no idea what's going to happen if they leave the e.u. in the. us if they make a mess of the bricks that processed it's going to cause a lot of problems with grids of your market the idea that. this is the town of ramsgate on britain south east coast. many of the local resident. support rex it. is headed for his small fishing
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boat the razor bill. he shares fritz flints passion for the sea and fishing but that's about all they have in common. barrett works by himself he has no crew some days he has a good catch and others he doesn't barack blames the e.u. for this situation. nearly three years ago he and some other fishermen sailed up the thames river to show their support for it. when i show it for if you. were to have it. we went fishing we call faith we landed it. it's gradually got worse and more of as the years are going on in the here is the culture fish that if you've left more more restriction. early.
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on what we think at. the paperwork and the legislation. or what you say could be a fisherman. off got work awfully but i'll try i'm going to fish. a field of food with a chorus for him. to walk. barrett doesn't come from a fishing family when he was younger he worked as a bank clerk but once when he was on a sailing trip to see captured his imagination and he's been out here ever since it's been his life for the last forty years and he makes a living by fishing barely. today there aren't many fish in his nets. that's also bad news for the seagulls who are following him most british fisherman are like barratt they have small boats and stay close to the coast guard. and like his call. lake's barrett believes that the e.u.'s fishing policies are ridiculous
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if i gotta say let's say you have got no quota for coal. i gotta say look at farthest on the shelves. of some tecate on some b.i.g. feed ourselves a hundred fifty kg i would call it or i have to put the clock back to have my car so. far so i started say because i take a lot of it's not enough. so i touch and i take eight i was a soldier in the one hundred fifty k. you out of college come up with called the good looking men company because i vocal hundred fifty three i was so rich enough to take a wife. as steve barrett returns to ramsgate with empty nets fritz plans is sailing along the coast of norway. his trawler belongs to the german company could have fish it's the last german
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owned deep sea fishing fleet. today the crew had been pulling their nets through the north sea for about three hours at a depth of one hundred and twenty meters and now it's time to find out the size of his haul. today's catch is made up mostly of cod and monkfish. actually flint was hoping to find some pollock but they're obviously somewhere else today. does it's got a solution as he knows this is all crap. i found a site on the screen and it looked promising is that it's the fish like to gather an old drilling boreholes but there's absolutely nothing there right now to just get people well so we thought we might have a good day. this is just bad luck. just
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look at some lessons. in. today's catch was a disappointment. the crew doesn't seem to mind though. they'll try again tomorrow. one. of the somewhat of a fun we'll just have to go farther out into you waters maybe toward scotland will try to find a good spot. to. britain's territorial waters are just one hundred sixty nautical miles away and flint knows that once they arrive there they'll have a good catch. but steve barrett can't cover that kind of distance in his small boat which he stays within the twelve mile zone around ramsgate. barrett says that he's getting a lot of tough competition from foreign fishing trawlers and he doesn't think
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that's fair at all. and they seem to have a very very unfair and followed through with that comfort quote from the area but like a fish off into a bigger part of. the argument you can fish out war for the out of the way for sure doesn't apply to me because it's too far when in short the whole round guy is an inch or flaked. when it comes to brecht's it's barrett says the harder the better fisherman in denmark spain france and germany have been worried about how hard bracks it would affect them particularly if britain closed its territorial waters to them. if splint can't fish off scotland anymore he'll be in trouble. just kind of got you by next year we could be spending eighty percent of our time over there with us that's who is of us but if they shut it down. it will be
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a raw deal for us. this is the german north sea port of claim a half and a city that has experienced first hand the decline of the country's fishing industry since the one nine hundred seventy s. . here at the institute a government research facility economist duelling has spent the past two years studying how breaks it might affect germany's fishing fleet. is coming from extreme fire those are in the in the worst case scenario britain would shut us out and we'd have to find our quotas of fish elsewhere. you know or don't use in their stock room but british waters are where the fish are. other locations just don't have the quantity and even if they did it would be a lot more expensive to fish there that could lead to
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a situation where german ships could lose one hundred percent of the catch for a particular species. and i wish them a pretty you know what so breck's it could have devastating consequences for european fleets that fish off the british coast. dealing explains why the north sea fishing grounds are so important. with this. it's one of our most productive maritime areas of. the north sea it's rich in fish resources or because the rivers that feed into it provide a lot of nutrients and restore almost one hundred percent of some commercial species are caught here. like herring for example a popular food in germany herring prefer to stay in british waters in late summer and autumn they tend to gather around northern scotland and the shuttle niland but this area is inside the two hundred mile zone that the u.k. wants to keep for itself after breakfast at.
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this is the town of sas nets on the german baltic island of. factories here processed fifty thousand tons of herring every year and eighty percent of the catch comes from the north sea. people who work at those factories are keeping a close eye on fishing industry negotiations between britain and the e.u. . those who say the. real problem now is that we might not have a decision on fishing access for twenty nineteen so we won't be able to catch herring in the british zone and. it's herring fishing season right now in the boat . take the ships deliver their catch for processing but it's not enough to meet consumer demand if the british zone in the north sea is closed to foreign ships the
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processing plants in just minutes and the crews that supply them will be hard hit. there trying to figure out what they'll do if that happens. the herring however will stay in british waters. then. we'll just have to fish in the e.u. sown in the north sea along with our partners who supply us with herring would be fun. but the fact of the matter is that you can find dense concentrations of herring only near the british coast. supplies of fresh fish from the north sea arrive at the processing plants every day usually by truck via denmark. two hundred fifty jobs at this facility depend on a regular supply of herring. the fish are gutted fill laid and pickled and then
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shipped to supermarkets. at this point everything here is going smoothly but the threat of a bracks a boycott has made the workers here nervous. so if it's not if i need to visit the course things are sort of uncertain right now. and some people are really worried. so much the money i've lived and worked on and we're going for fourteen years. i've got a house here. but i don't know what's going to happen within the next few months. in spite morning. and it's not just the workers at the processing plants who are worried people throughout the town of sustenance are concerned as well. the fish factories are a key element of the local economy and if the supply of herring runs low because of breck's it the downturn could affect the entire community.
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as european fishing policies are hammered out here in brussels. we asked to talk to someone at the european commission about the bracket situation but they declined our request for an interview. they said it's a touchy subject right now. experts are working on a wide variety of options. and the staff have been compiling reports and passing them around to members. since the commission wouldn't talk to us we decided to interview some european members of parliament and. then a cool one is the deputy chairman of parliament's committee on fisheries policy. some british any p's are here today and they include some breakfast supporters. on the labor party there are colleagues from the british labor party conservatives
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and you can. sometimes one group blames the others for the brags that mass. disaster. the fisheries committee and the e.u. commission have been debating emergency response measures to bracks that the discussions show clearly that the situation in the north sea fishery is enormously complex. for example the european fisheries and marine fund would have to be restructured and we'd consider financial support for the possible decommissioning of fishing vessels. but of course we want to negotiate a new trade deal with britain as quickly as possible. there are spanish and dutch crew members on board british fishing vessels highly skilled crew. and they're an important part of the team. some people get really emotional about that situation.
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and it's getting a lot of attention to the whole your group. we're now in the scottish town of peterhead a thriving port on the north sea coast one third of all the fish imported by the u.k. moves through peterhead and. if the fishing industry is booming anywhere in britain it's here. we met several foreign workers here and even came across a german citizen and they all earn their living by catching processing or transporting fish. very. close test deliver supplies the fish every day from the port of peterhead to aberdeen about forty kilometers south he says that just the threat of brecht's it has disrupted the local economy. buy them exercise also and the prices in the shops keep going up and if britain leaves the e.u.
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will be ruined your complete floor but if you earn just enough to pay my bills you know i can't put any money aside but i still earn the same. but things keep getting more expensive i'll get in an awful awful awful say well some of the signature are just to see. the local fish industry may be booming but the workers are definitely not any better off one reason for that is the weak british pound which makes imports more expensive at the same time a weak pound makes the u.k. fish exports less expensive so demand from e.u. countries is up. seventy five percent of those exports go to the european union. peterhead fish depot is one of the largest in europe the entire facility was recently expanded with some financial support from the e.u. more than eight thousand crates of locally caught fish arrive here every day. the
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fishermen and the processors want to keep this valuable resource for themselves. we continually have said that is a huge open to an opportunity for the for the u.k. to be called. a sovereign state again and to be in control of it's what else the us is not about not alone or european counterparts to fish this is about rebuilding control who and when they fail and you get what we have in my own nation we've got a very fish which fishing grounds and therefore is an old best interests as a united kingdom that we monitor and control the store. so if britain leaves the e.u. it will be able to keep more of its fish because the europeans will be locked out of its waters a lot of people in peterhead say that's a good idea we don't have enough. in the course because out of so little.
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in this because it's exhausted or over a few months and you have to go and buy your fish rent fish. boy fresh from other e.u. countries deficient on what i think it is you know i think you get that i voted to get that nothing we should be nothing we should do and if we go ahead with that. that's fine for us but people be ahead because he was doing i believe john felt a thrill of what i want. on the site for sure i don't see why they should be and i checked every time. these fake. show how the total cash is divided one third is caught by british fisherman. vessels take about half of it these quotas are outlined in the european union's common fisheries policy. but if you look at the economic value of the fish that are caught britain takes in
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almost half of the proceeds european fishermen get only about forty percent want to cut it out in order to. get a day to fish fish fish. fish are profitable for the u.k. and especially for scotland still the fishing industry accounts for less than one percent of britain's gross domestic product. but they also know how to make their voice heard in government that's why london has sent a top wrecks official to peterhead for talks of seafood consumption your start reading ok sure we need to buy in the. jimmy button is the founder and owner of the amity fish company and. before he moved into management but and spent decades at sea as a fisherman he says the industry wants more investment security and jobs. he also wants the government to encourage people to eat more british fish and to promote
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fish exports to asia. right now the port of peterhead and the fish factories provide around ten thousand jobs. and. it takes a lot of people to process all that fish. competing companies in iceland or norway now use machines to do much of this work. in any case but in hopes that the industry will be able to grow even further after brown. that. i think that it's not a huge opportunity for us to grow in this type of business because of the stuff was more material available then there was more opportunity for a business like this to be spotted and therefore the smaller ones to come up to this level so that is a huge opportunity both for people on for business on the back of blacks that.
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jimmy behind has been speaking out in favor of rex said for the past two years he believes that if britain leaves the e.u. the u.k. fishing industry will still be able to export a lot of its catch to europe. as we've said seventy percent goes to e.u. countries right now and but one hopes that will continue. the market is the people the market is we've got a product you've got a buyer and if if if the product is at the right price and the right quality that is the market no politics somehow in and of planes in between and votes with coles the flexion but. we've got the product we've got people who want to eat quality seafood so we should stop the politics out of it and we will get on absolutely fantastic i know. that sounds good but the e use common fisheries policy is not based on pragmatic capitalism and that was
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a deliberate decision it if britain were to ban european fishing boats from its territorial waters the e.u. would likely find a way to retaliate c b seventy five seventy five eighty eighty five why people out of. certain fishing areas are closed to the european fleet but on the e.u. could impose an embargo on fish and fish products from britain. in the all powerful new and frankly it doesn't come from a top that sounds like something that president trump would do. if you know until but we're talking here about exports that are worth a total of one point three billion euros to give food for. that's pretty tough talk but international trade is a tough business it's all about supply and demand but britain's fishing industry
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does not supply the kind of fish that british consumers demand. eighty percent of the fish that britons prefer to eat is concentrated in just five species . those fish are not found inside the british zone so they have to be imported. there are more than ten thousand fish and chip shops in the u.k. . used to be the fish of choice at these shops but now stocks are caught in british waters have fallen off sharply so they use substitutes. for paper and i like the. fish and chips i doubt i walked in off the old record the fire water white way of fish and chips i don't know i have caught harmonically it's not local with we're not lending it luckily. steve barrett makes a point of eating his fish and chips at a restaurant that makes them with cod. chefs mark way is frying
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some fish right now but it probably came from norway not britain. so u.k. fishermen catch a lot of species that people in their own country don't eat and that won't change after bracks at. grex its supporters in the fishing industry have suffered some setbacks in recent months. and it won't be easy to close british waters to european ships. but jimmy button is standing his ground. we do not share of the oil and gas with. bots so why should we share of the first two and for those days ahead on news it's not that simple or even if britain is no longer governed by e.u. fisheries policy for international treaties will still apply across like the un
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convention on the law of the sea and that law bludgers coastal states to regulate fish stocks that are managed jointly or that are found in more than one zone so britain and the e.u. would have to hammer out a new agreement on how to share the catch to funk because. the more you talk to steve barrett the more you realize that his hopes for a better future are fading and his doubts about the british government's ability to protect his interests are growing. we just feel that we've been let down and. the only real thing that's come out of it is. or don't think if i live to be honored for free i would never ever trust a politician again. derek is disappointed even angry. but his german colleague fritz flint hopes that things will turn out all right. he
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wants to be able to fish anywhere in the north sea subject to international quota agreements of course flint loves his job and he'd like to keep his crew employed. but deep down he wishes that things could just go back to the way they were. not just with the pigs but i think the best thing would be for britain to just forget about leaving the e.u. that's what they believe but my crew and i are happy with the way things are now you feel right for us there are no negatives. i think they should just work out and i. remember there's this is not that the ideas are complex that. at this point it's still not clear how the bracks a drama will play out but one thing is certain bracks it will not solve the problems of the north sea fishing industry.
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that's just. conning madness that is a plus too much handing tend to be balanced by some day we'll miss these bugs. many species are rapidly vanishing. and humans are to blame. the insect apocalypse seventy five. w. . don't miss our highlights w. program. w dot com highlights.
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this is news live from berlin france's president michael says notre dame will rise from the ashes we don't reconstruct the cathedral now if you're going to be even more beautiful than the full. and i won't buy gold to be reached within five years . meanwhile france's cathedrals get set to ring their bells in concert to mark forty eight hours since fire engulfed the paris club. also coming out to vote
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counting gets underway in indonesia's pivotal presidential election almost chilled hundred million voters.

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