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tv   Made in Germany  Deutsche Welle  April 17, 2019 1:30pm-2:01pm CEST

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what's the connection between bread clown and the european union dinos guild motto w correspondent jim baker can stretch this line with the rules set by the new team. talks mean only. one thing recipes for success or strategy that make a difference. baking bread on d.w. . these days art is big business this stolen piece of canvas for example went for three hundred twenty eight thousand euros and that's nothing out of the ordinary in
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fact prices can easy to go into the millions as will discover later in this show the state of the art is this week's topic here on made in germany few art and design movements of the modern era have left such an impression as germany's bauhaus the group has been in france and designers and architects for one hundred years now the bows motto was form follows function they create as practical pieces clean crisp lines and some of these classics are best sellers to this day. some ideas trigger a revolution. machine age lead to a whole new world a new tempo a way of seeing. some revolutionary ideas just keep on giving. that site will it's never too late for timeless good design and some are still bestsellers a century after they were first launched. the design of
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a chair needs to conform to the nature of sitting. perfecting the chair has made this man's company successful. who found a german home furnishings company tacked on says furniture is more than just a series of functional objects it's a symbol between art and craftsmanship. when you need to grasp the nature of the task involved the nature of the material the design and the function and to grasp it in such a way that you're able to bring out the internal image of the structure so that it speaks for itself or. really where. it sounds complicated but it's actually all about simplicity modern furniture should be adapted to suit people and not the other way around it involves reducing everything to essentials
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in other words form follows function. for losses. in around one thousand nine hundred many homes in europe would have looked like this bulky cupboards and chairs and pretty crowded. the bow house designers wanted to break with that tradition and they were radical. their furniture designs were simple with clear shapes and daring combinations of materials. much of our modern fine. today stems from these ideas. it's kingdom powerhouse of our house first wanted to get an unobstructed up to date view about what it means to live somewhere what are all the functions that a chair for example before take on and what about structure that's in the thoughts of the load bearing elements how can you play with that and rearrange things and break away from what i used to. even put
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a human investment give instant. entrepreneur as i worked with bauhaus designers such as marcel briar and peter keller as well as that user who could bag the assistant of nice one there oh. he's now handed over management of the detector furniture company to his nephew. it's one of only a handful of companies worldwide permitted to reproduce the original bauhaus furniture it has a license for about thirty designs. all the furniture here is produced by hand as a carpentry workshop and upholstery and a metalworking shop the company focuses on making small numbers of luxury products bauhaus has become an exclusive brand remind us we do we need these workshops here on site because then we can work closely with those creation the product we want to be involved in the details and we think it's very important to see art and craftsmanship as one unit.
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having artists who also work as craftsmen was a revolutionary concept a hundred years ago but the powerhouse designers and students experimented freely with fabrics metals wood and ceramics the result was prototypes that could then go into industrial production. luxury products made for the view was not the original goal of bauhaus its aim was to make products for the masses but powerhouse furniture never made it into cereal production interview. tool designed comes at a price. the principle of maximum freedom to innovate still applies today and no matter how unusual about house chair looks it still sells this one by gropius costs two thousand euros and this one by broiler costs three thousand. different way of developing furniture building from scratch based on
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a strong idea it's a totally different approach to designing a product for the markers that's as cheap as possible to make and has wide appeal we totally believe in what we're doing with. the bow house pioneered the use of steel pipes for home furniture in the early twentieth century steel was a material reserved for industry until muscle broyard built the first cantilever chair it remains one of the best known powerhouse chairs to this day instead of standing on four legs the supporting framework gives it the effect of being suspended in mid-air. to design a torn it says the cantilever chair accounts for around one third of its sales one hundred seventy five employees produce the chairs by hand you could pay over six hundred euros for this classic design which has become something of a legend in itself. and that one must outliers idea to use the
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hundred dollars of his bicycle to make furniture was quite an avant garde approach . and really it was about accentuating the industrial nature of the design. but the company isn't content with just reproducing powerhouse designs it also sells its own furniture. here to the designs are kept simple without embellishments but thinking we many people's lives are already complicated enough. in it and i miss on the essentials the bauhaus also. sort to bring in a sense of order and calm. but i thought perhaps an inspiration that we can take on for our modern day and age. through art and design and architecture in the wildest sense you try to provide a little calm arrest right from the complexities and fast pace of life. and. how do we want to live how do we want to work what makes us feel good these are the
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questions that the bauhaus designers and architects sought to answer a century ago and many of the answers they found are still relevant today. but if you spend tens of thousands of your hard earned cash on a painting or sculpture by a rebound artist what you really want to know is this is it real and was it legitimately acquired by the seller theft and forgery are enduring problems in this high stakes bazaar some experts claim a third of all works for sale right now. worldwide art sales amounted to sixty billion euros last year. the biggest market was the united states followed by china britain and france the largest single group of purchasers are young collectors in asia it's estimated however that a third of the works for sale in the global art market are fakes one famous living
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former art forger is the german vols going back to truckee he spent more than three decades creating new old masters causing losses to others of between twenty and fifty million euros interpol says art theft is very big business. the value of work stolen is estimated at almost two billion euros a year. almost half the artworks on the market are sold in galleries thirty percent and just two percent of the option. kristi's was the auction house with the highest sales last year at six billion euros. well into the nineteen eighties options of the major houses were society if people dressed up to attend. in the one nine hundred ninety s. remote bidding became common with staff manning a bank of telephones. if around two thousand on line
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options emerged with traders manning their mouse at home. last october the art world seventy huge shock one girl with balloon by the street artist banksy self destructed just as the final hammer fell confirming the selling price of one point two million euro's. thanks he had built a shredder into the frame. banksy renamed the half shredded painting love it in the bin. but then something a very common tensional happened lovers in the bin actually went up in value after it was shredded machines an artificial intelligence like in many other industries are putting their stamp on the world even in music listen to this. as the beatles writes. actual fact this song was created by an algorithm so from
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computers make meaningful art or true art require a human soul behind what happens when artificial intelligence paper is it. doesn't sell. people all machines more creative ai is breaking into the business and it's turning everything on its head. the most it is from the music is an algorithm it's a program that serves to generate variations on my art from what i could of course . come to sheens be creative and if so how. the painter roman lipski works with data scientist florian dormand he's written a program phillips that analyzes the way he paints the colors and the composition
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and then creates new pictures based on all that information. it's thirty eight with this picture since then the style has become progressively more abstract the muse has so far generated several hundred thousand pictures. a picture is ultimately a matrix of numbers so one can imagine that the muse is actually a very clever number generator and can determine the color values of images in such a way that something new and exciting has created this noise and still. the heart of the news there's a pre-trained neural network that can recognize all kinds of objects in a picture it was actually originally developed to distinguish cats from dogs. few years ago researchers discovered that such a pre-training neural network can be used to extract certain features such as brightness colors shapes and even style from images.
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always wanted to paint abstract pictures but it wasn't until he started creating works with the computer program that he really succeeded. what the computer came up with proved to be a source of inspiration. if you could. i mean a kind of dialogue with the muse in a loop where we influence each other to digital images inspire me to evolve. i see the music only as a tool it will never replace me. or maybe it will artificial intelligence comes up with amazing results will algorithms soon rival human out it's. better than five it's laden doesn't need a computer he creates busts of people who interest him unknown individuals and
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celebrities politicians activists or entrepreneurs. for the sculptor every last detail is important. just fifty sequence let's look constellation is what really matters in the volumes have to be arranged in such a way that intensities emerge through the curves the way something pushes up against something else yielding for example a depression here. each bust needs to reflect the subjects true character. people and that is there are of course different approaches to artificial intelligence or things could go in a number of directions i can imagine that something will eventually come of it that works i just don't see what the advantage would be. high is laden spends many hours
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sometimes days with his living subjects working from photos a computer might be able to create busts that resemble that subjects but for this artist the human contact is crucial to this kid it's always about. spontaneity intuition and experience what i've looked at in the history of art and who did what and how and what are their chief but these are the resources i call a god it's you and then there are spontaneous decision as the surface is a merge the cannot be determined in advance. and over for he. is spontaneity indeed sensual to human creativity. more and more works created with the help of computers showing up in art galleries as well as works that focus on the subject of digital technology and collectives of paying high prices for them based ai generated portray it was sold at christie's for more
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than four hundred thirty thousand dollars a formula has replaced the signature. and this rembrandt isn't a rembrandt it too is the work of a computer some pioneering artists but they think putting the cart into account efficient intelligence and you know what it might mean. but i think real art needs a real human artist and they really don't need the competition from computers they have a hard enough time as it is many of them can hardly on a living with their work among our artist in japan typically less than one million yen a year according to the country's illustrators association that might sound like a lot but it's just a quarter of the japanese average wage and it's a similar situation for ordinary writers in the united states someone who writes full time and about twenty thousand dollars less than half the average yearly
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things for americans and that's not much different for many of germany's freelance actors fourteen thousand euros that's about forty percent of the average income of the here so the really big money in the arts is made elsewhere namely in the big auction houses we met someone who has a pretty good idea about what's hot and what's not stickball it sells multi-million dollar pieces for a living. sixty billion. that million dollars that this is where art collectors come for some high stakes gambling is that these prices simply reflect demand just look at who are the people who shell out millions at christie's auction house. seventy one million five hundred. it's always outstrips supply. there's
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a lot of art out there but the focus is on the art that society considers most interesting and. dick paul is president of christy's for europe the middle east russia and india. if anyone can explain why works of art can be so mind bogglingly expensive it's him. because it's no value of an artwork is first and foremost it's a static value it's a cultural value and that's determined by art history and the canon and today there's a consensus that because it was an interesting artist. when someone buys a piece for such a crazy price is out of love for art of minor vaniman is that my experience the overwhelming majority of collectors we encounter i know personally are indeed interested in the art and not just in art as investment though of course there are investors as well versed on the work that fetched the highest price ever was sold at christie's in new york in twenty seventeen salvator monday
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a portrait of jesus from around fifteen zero three ascribed by some experts to leonardo da vinci. two hundred million is bit so you are good million two hundred million two hundred thirty two of the bridge and it's big it may be a significant or even important work of art but it's also an investment it went to an anonymous better later revealed to be a saudi royal for four hundred million dollars. four hundred fifty million when you include fees christie's charges between ten and twenty percent on top of the sale price of each work. at christie's four hundred million dollars is the brit and the paris. so. how does the art market changed in recent years. yes indeed as everything we do is beating up nowadays he's against the developments that used to take place one
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after the other also with regard to art and the discourse on art now occur in parallel at the same time. draws public attention much faster we now have global trends where once there were local or regional trends but this also offers artists greater exposure we get to see more art these days. buying contemporary art is considered riskier than buying old masters it's far from clear which modern artists will prove to be a good investment anybody find them interesting a century from now well i wax be worth a fortune for nothing at all. about of collectors and curators are always keen to discover the next generation of interesting artists nowadays there are talent scouts who have an eye for such things that are well known curator find something exciting at a gallery and post it on instagram the whole world knows about it instantly. is so
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forth after. the i was it all online sales play an ever greater role. that's what it's doing yes i think they will you know we're already seeing the growth rate saw more than forty percent of our new customers come via online auctions where the generation that grew up with the internet comes of age and becomes the main player in the art market we'll see that reflected in the way they engage with the market. by. he works on the internet is not what true love is about what do you or is it something down bliss and investors are more likely to consider. well companies are important to us collectors as well these days some even set up their own museums like the one you see behind me as chocolate maker written is good for the corporate image and might make them some money as well and our consultants like us to advise corporate clients on acquiring ought we ask cologne says talk about
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taste and money. so what about the great use of boys as a puppet. for the fine buying or to ask to speak to me. and i it doesn't speak tonight i'm actually thinking it may or. it looks like boys will not be added to our street shopping list. she's looking for works in our cologne that would suit one of her clients. she won't say who it is but she does offer one piece of information. i think about is just built a house in italy and asked me to come and have a look at the fact. that on the budget. that's top secret it depends on how the stock market's doing. leah works at the interface of art and business networking is
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a key skill. with enjoying the art of that i am in the company of torture bella right behind you so who is that is just i'm the companies that say he's a well known collector and he's just about to sell his collection at auction but exciting i'll go and see what's on offer. although studied economics and process engineering she also developed an eye for art and learnt about art history. like to look at my grandparents paintings. and almost every weekend my grandfather would take me to a museum and explain the pictures to me that certainly left a mark. insiders often bump into each other year after year at the major art fairs. lydia runs into a former client. so you will see that she's very well connected and she
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communicates very well she's also good at setting out the issues even about insurance plus trees and charming person very open very warm very helpful everything you could want. this was what. many companies like to promote artists and by art it can be good for their image and they can make the money. that's if they backed the right horse but it's not always easy to pick winners. that's where consultants like astrid come in. kept it up and if it all began when i had the good fortune to be noticed by a well known collector. in dick tights because after he said i can inspire people i would be able to get funding from large companies so we can finance exhibitions or buy art and. develop strategic partnerships basically the link between business and not just for artists trying to sell their works that makes
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something of a portal to patronage. system and it's certainly a boost when you get recommendations and introductions it raises your profile so i hope we can work together. just look at team. for it's an endless round of networking and inspecting galleries and art firs around the world. and what about the client with a new house in italy. if you find i think he'd like. to meet up so lately that's what i'm not going to tell you what right now. as always in australia as business discretion is required as the bargaining gets underway. and that's from me at the made in germany team for today up here like
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social by.
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the banks. africa. goes here and using. look at that. and didn't hear it could go in. monday's you can guys can hardly make sound and environmental projects with sustainable energy. now doesn't grow.
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a citizen. in for migrants your platform for reliable information. it's crunch time the european elections are just around the corner the thing is or you might ask us said why should i care what the european market is one of the biggest in the lives of everyone every back needs to get so watch our special show you elections why it matters to a certain distance from the local side family values to the new elections why they matter to asia undie down. the. first day of school in the jungle. first listen. to the band doris crane the moment arrives to. join the regular tang on her journey back to freedom league in our interactive documentary.
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