tv Eco India Deutsche Welle April 19, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm CEST
faster everyone needs to but. the lack of water is equally dangerous. there's junk you move south so they can plant crops and find food. floods and droughts will climate change become the main driver for mass migration you can write any apocalyptic scenarios you want and probably more time to come to . the climate exodus starts people thirty years on t w. hello welcome to eco india a sustainability magazine that zooms out of the problems leading out and bob into the to give you a bigger fuller picture and zooms into the solutions that can help tackle them so
that you can make an informed choice. coming to you from mumbai in india over the next thirty minutes how an age old and vibrant sandy tradition of dying fabric is making a comeback. startup is making ethical and sustainable smartphones. and how a couple can vote in barren land into what is to be a lush green forest. first a story of a vibrant bachrach textile printing has been practiced in the western state of the book you will feel saying jodi's not there are communities like the cup to use for whom bought tickets been a source of livelihood for generations but in recent years with the beauty of cheap us and turn to dave's traditional printing which is environment friendly has taken a big hit but some families of the company community in the region are trying to revive a glorious tradition. the
state of gujarat is known for being colorful that's primarily because of its traditional textile industry and the vibrant fabrics and prints used to make the garments local people there. has been our tradition for generations is something i've inherited so i could see it's basically runs in my blood. or shockey emmert is the fifth generation office family to continue the tradition he belongs to the country community known in the region for making their mark in the vax bartik printing business. for no
ancestors created prince they would use foods from the tree. oil from the seeds of this roots is what they use for painting look. all same but some that are on the columns were not sent to indigo or black from i don't trust or you know from turmeric. medic mr yellow but they didn't have too many colors to truth from back then and now it is all right everything is done using benefit x. you have been using it to. because of market demand we have to work with many more colors and designs. we're going to do while thought every market could demand. the reason for the shift from months being every bit a natural printing process to one that began using synthetic dye can be traced back to the one nine hundred sixty three the dead. good of the hippie movement and with
it a soaring rise in the popularity of the batek print. meeting the rising demand from overseas markets meant switching to chemical diet a faster easier and more viable option but also six decades later a few families like shaquille are keen to revive the art in its own original form which is not only traditional but also more environmentally friendly. body the natural you are what brought a lot of natural back to clinton is a much longer process than chemical printing more to do there's more demand for natural. so many people are looking for an organic product so that's why we have started working with dyes and methods again you may or may measure. yet. another reason for artisans choosing to go on again it is
a very real and persistent problem in the state it's lack of water resources almost fifty two percent of goods are out is turning into desert the third highest rate in the country with another deficit monsoon in two thousand and eighteen meaning less rainfall the normal and local water resources rapidly shrinking parts of good era are staring at an excuse water crisis. while most textile craft industries rely heavily on water in bardic the dependency is critical. comey and ngo in the kutch region has been working closely with the artisan community in areas like productive allotment unsustainable use off resources.
no water study these were not very long ago we conducted a water study where we wanted to find out how much water was being used in the textile crafts up the reason we wanted to promote the whole. natural diet. you know what that if vegetable diet can be revived then there was. so that sun of water a little bit used to substantiate. and then also help this into an environmentally friendly craft again. no longer really counted amongst the mainstream craft of touch. and it's our do they have been struggling to survive in today's modern i'm competitive market.
screen and laser printing has in many cases replaced the traditional hand block style. but the use of natural dice could be the unique selling point of these artisans. over the last eight to ten years there has been a change in perception from a smaller scale designers to the bigger ones there seems to be a growing interest in working with natural diet. it is organizations like comey and if you didn't mind not didn't like shaquille who are trying to ensure that this traditional craft does not die out and that more and more craftsmen join in the revival. ever since we started using natural times there has been a growing respect for the benefits. anything that is organic is little more expensive because it is never intends. but i think the future is
brighter for. our sincerely hope. we're going. to go. through all spread. like shaquille said but to remain sparkler by the shift of synthetic fabrics and chemical dice is very apt across india are natural dyes the answer to the harmful effects caused by chemical dies this explainer will break that duffy. in twenty sixteen worldwide production of dion's reached nearly eight hundred thousand tons. as concerns grow over the environmentally hazardous effects of chemical diets the demand for natural equivalence is on the rise sales of natural dyes are
predicted to rise to five billion dollars a year by twenty twenty four but our natural diet is really better than synthetic ones. the debate is centered mostly around the effluence generated by both. loaded in toxic chemicals like sulfur in acetic acid and metals like arsenic all mercury effluents from the synthetic dying industry account for up to twenty percent of industrial water pollution worldwide. these effluents make water bodies target cut off sunlight necessary for the photosynthesis of underwater plants react with chemicals like chlorine and even form carcinogens they also seeped into fields contaminating the soil one of the most famous cases of di poisoning is china's hsien river which in twenty eleven turned red as a result of several dumps of illegal die. natural dyes meanwhile are biodegradable
made from plant sources like logwood turmeric and pine wood animal or insect sources like the dyes lack and lip and mineral sources like red lead used as vermilion laminated red earth and sink white effluent from these are easily accepted back into the environment. however the biodegradable natural dies are not necessarily the most sustainable option because for one rule materials for natural dies require vast stretches of arab land second a much larger amount of natural dye is needed as compared to synthetic die to color the same amount of fabric for example while one pound of cotton may be died with just five grams of synthetic diy it would require two hundred thirty grams of natural die for the same process this means the use of larger amounts of water so
what could be a solution recycling better waste management and innovation but for now it's important to curtail the use of chemicals in the dying process and for producers to take responsibility for treating affluence before they're released into the environment. gallery of also engineered an environmentally harmful product and make it into something sustainable plastic for example a recent study reveals that ninety one percent of the world's plastic is not true cycled with this in mind a social entrepreneur or an investor in india is working towards upcycling these plastic bags into fashionable and trendy accessories to minimize the flow of plastic to the restrict. this is a. threat to. the on. the
too conscious customers. the youth. so it makes sense for them to stay back. also to get up the fight is to. parts in their mind as to how he can do something. how they can do something but. the religious do for the broader gives them a sense of purpose and pride and a reason to stay here in the religion. but here's a question for you what could happen if your portrayal forward in the mix said shut the lead and. researchers of the university of just that take a look at the farm. we want to analyze this fall and work out what it's made of we need to grind into a very fine powder but these are just to be safe they're ready to go.
researchers at the university of plymouth in britain have opted for the shredder method to unlock the phone secrets. the manufacturers don't reveal the exact composition of their products it turns out the main components are iron silicon chromium and copper but what's more significant are the elements that are only present in very small amounts. the powder from the blender is first burned and then analyzed in a mass spectrometer to reveal the so-called conflict elements mining these elements including tungsten tin cobalt go down tantalum is in some cases leading to increased conflict human rights violations and damage to the environment the amounts here are small but this is just one phone keep in mind that one point four billion new cell phones are manufactured every year. now that you know what your cellular phone is made up of you might be interested in where the makings are
coming from a dot startup is taking the lead by trying to produce an ethical form and setting standards to trace the source of the methods and better working conditions fearful is also a want to learn device in which every element of the phone comes apart and can be independently pieced. the new mobile phone every year that's normal for many of us. half of all the people in india already have smartphones and demand is rising. by more than a billion new smartphones go on sale annually and the old once they get thrown away . fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikael banisters one of the company's founders he originally studied industrial design. i always thought designers were in
a way part of the problem of. very light very fast cycles so i started studying the strategy behind the production of. products in general and for fun was a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company's model a smart phone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as improved cameras can be installed. the founders main idea was to produce the phones fairly that means with fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine this role for c c here to make sure fun shape and that's made of toast and from here. the mine is close to the border with the democratic republic
of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again cells of tungsten from these mines plummeted. in connection again. so that means the mine itself the traders the smelter which is in austria but also like many fighters in time to get there in working this. through from the mouth of who are now from that specific mine so we were able to we were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can be. further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than forty different metals itself their friend has only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for five of them that if it comes at a price
a fair phone costs around six hundred euros sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream. until then huge numbers of phones will continue to land in the garbage in many countries such as here in ghana he waste is often incinerated or taken apart without safety precautions since its founding five years ago fifteen has supported a project in ghana devoted to recycling used phones safely. what is important is that those materials get recycled now we increase the amount of material in the world so that doesn't matter where the industry has. the ability of these materials. if you want and the cheaper price if possible and then what is mines. that is still regularly visits the company's partner in ghana. the workers from the local organization collect use mobile phones and store them in containers.
as soon as one is full it is shipped to belgium where the devices are taken apart by experts and the individual materials are recycled. or at least their phone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture and affect conditions. with around one hundred sixty thousand customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. from a challenge that we have tried to make mr allen is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not less so we have a different approach to. to sustainability if you want we don't. see sustainability as a race doesn't opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver. it is helping to make the difficulties associated with a production plain for all to see. abandoned rice fields coffee
futures and god the moon is what an environmentally conscious couple found in one thousand nine hundred one in the western cuts the region was rich in biodiversity but was neglected dr milo trying his wife pamela have now transformed the species into the country's first private sector city. cautiously growing from a watering hole something that used to be unthinkable in broad daylight while life would never come out during the day time they were too afraid because the. hunting and poaching were pretty rampant when we came here. today more than two hundred indentured species live here and the one point two square look we do have is thank you in southwestern india.
it is the lifeblood of pamelor and. about twenty five years ago they began to buy land piece by piece with their own money. what was here in ninety five were basically plantation lands or abandoned rice fields many areas were relatively barren of any type of tree cover because of having had coffee growing on them. today what is here now all of those lands have basically recovered. they created india's first private protected area and reforested it on a large scale. this is also what we have granted along with thousands of all good supplements and different going to preach. that they. need to priests who did say real. we have had
a number of scientific studies done within the sanctuary grounds and some of them that had to do with the pardon sequence stray sions rate of native trees versus exotic size and native trees soak up much more carbon dioxide than the of sadik stew so this helps to medicate or question the effects of climate change. as a letting the forest grow dead trees also in which to sort with creed's some centuries or rainfall the giants on the upright enjoyed. this is one of our old grandmother trees. it's a type of banyan and she's about four hundred years old. the main pin this century has changed and perfected is the freshwater source it's with all
these forests you will not have streams and rivers which. the mohawk does not to have children so that they could create something that would benefit the dalai lama and. know and love every inch of the desert this is one of our natural meadow areas it is a meadow because this is grand underneath so very few trees can get their roots down below the grand to grow but it's a great button and so of grasses and eating for any of your grass eaters your various deer your elephant anything that eats grasses loves these meadows. revealed the very idea of sharia why life here. like.
a red dog even the leopard lives here. he does easier to see the man and he should shrink it you know how much shit. shit also. should shut up about the fighting to grow forests in other parts of. their companies and business people to follow their lead by up and down the wilderness. thought turning good to. require to work towards a future the rest of the story straight gave you something to think about if you
compared to the sunshine. so in a practical sense the sun is the only choice for long term energy supply. well clearly more scientific discoveries and more engineering are required to enable the basic technologies to be cheap that are a lot of the electrical energy we produce is lost in the wire between the generator and the house so if we could make a superconducting wires out that would be a wonderful way to transport energy from one place to another so let's make those investments now so that we all know things that we need to own when the time comes .
this is t w news live from the u.s. house judiciary committee. in full. responsibility now for the times we're told the president accountable for that. report cleared the presidents of collusion with russia but lists a series of attempts to obstruct justice and bring you the latest from washington also on the program the president and the comedian the candidates in ukraine's election give samples of blood to be tested for drugs and alcohol ahead of sunday's vote i'm pretty.