tv Doc Film Deutsche Welle April 21, 2019 2:30am-3:00am CEST
but. the lack of water is equally dangerous. there john keep his sleep and move south so they can plant crops and find food stamps. floods and droughts climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can write any apocalyptic scenarios you want and probably more. carnatic so this starts april thirtieth on t w. the last gorillas of the room africa's oldest national park because of its immense riches it's also the most endangered. in april twenty twelve wolf once again flared up in north kivu in the eastern democratic republic of congo
a rebel group the m twenty three took control of the region including delivering a park in. yet another episode in what's often been called the forgotten war in the country. it is claimed six million lives in twenty years. suddenly we heard shots that i was really ran away and heard the villagers being shot. they killed my husband and my parents in law now around the treasures of the congo are occurring. at the heart of this seemingly endless war other regions extensive resources its forests lakes and soils are systematically plundered to finance the slaughter.
to quote mining coal tunnel here is that dangerous. yes we could die here and if we survive this deal the minerals from. what should be a blessing is a curse here in the virunga region its vast mineral wealth has plunged the population into extreme poverty. is it she gets to be in the civil war is driven by economic or insists. it's closely intertwined with the illegal exploitation of natural resources. and the world's poorest have to pay the price but this environmental destruction just. in the is the director of the national park he and his ranges want to break the vicious cycle of over exploitation and war.
in the forests. on mountain iraq angle they risk their lives to restore the last bond between humans and nature. is a jewel of nature it was founded in one nine hundred twenty five with the aim of protecting the mountain gorilla population but was and insurgencies are destroying the region's ecosystem. i'm. sure a six by. the dozens of groups who roam the park pose a permanent danger says a man with. the southern sector in the forest. areas near the city of goma over
a million people eat fire with. armed groups controlled timber production which is now done on an almost industrial scale. it's mainly the f.d.a. the democratic forces for the liberation of rwanda they're considered the perpetrators of the genocide. and then there are the regional my my militia groups north of here they are the main course behind a little fishing they make a fortune with it. there is also the a.t.f. not to ugandan rep agrippa that is murdered over one thousand civilians in the last year and a half. here in the middle of the danger zone so to speak in the last year they have been countless attacks we've lost five ranges here.
is home to the headquarters of the park southern sector which is where the guerrillas live. every time the ranges go patrol they risk confrontations with militias the six hundred ranges defend eight thousand square kilometers of forest three hundred kilometers from north to south an area about the size of the. fighting on two fronts not only do they have to drive the troops out of the park they also have to keep the local population out. our mission is to protect the closest to. the center we have chosen this work and we're ready to give our lives to save the mountain gorillas from extinction. many of our colleagues have died doing their jobs i tell my men to be proud of their work as rangers of our own good national park. that there if you're sick of
the doubt that if. we're. according to united nations estimates the virunga national park ranges are up against five to eight thousand heavily armed militia men an army of different rebel groups all with the same goal the illegal extraction over all materials. the ranges of the last line of defense protecting nature and often deadly position. when the civil war was raging here there were dangers looking everywhere for the rangers. about one hundred forty of our men lost their lives protecting the ecosystem. system. in fact in twenty years
of civil war a total of one hundred and fifty rangers have been killed the highest bloodshed ever to occur in protecting in the nature is a the militias in the area where the guerrillas live mainly control the illegal timber trade and poaching. in light of the ten security situation in the new endemic lot made a radical decision he has his ranges undergo combat training. we're told our guys well that's not going to sit back six you know our gas goes up . in the room nature conservation is more like a military operation. the rangers are trained by former belgian and french elite soltis.
there are problems but at the moment the central sector is most affected. these are the militias facilities the heavily armored. humvee an army. here they're recruiting new soldiers on. the park's technology has been upgraded so the area can be monitored more efficiently every yunis and every operation is coordinated in real time. receipt illegal fishing on lake edward that generates an annual turnover of around forty two million dollars africa shoving legal logging in the south of the park which is destroying more and more virgin forests geddes which has an annual turnover of thirty four million dollars. dollars forty now so lots of money is involved in this we're talking about over one hundred million dollars
a year enough to maintain these private armies here these come back to groups and militias who are responsible for the desolate situation in the eastern democratic republic of congo it's just not recommended has a less than a. look at the. end of the illegal trade in charcoal feeds the entire province of north kivu it's the feel of war eleven million people depend on it some three hundred thousand tons are illegally produced here every year this is how the black gold is made. we will also we lay a new fire to make charcoal. only longer feel moved. to an opportunity i even first we cover it with leaves. and then seen it tightly with mud merrily so that the leaves don't catch fire. the wood should burn very slowly.
with dark. green v. we use it to buy salt clothes or oil we pay the school fees for the children. everything with money from the charcoal the mccollum. to say. my beautiful round we bring the cold sharks to the wholesale markets and saki and go home. and i use idea of the overall. color is transported to the cities by bicycle or on trucks steep population growth has led to soaring demand for charcoal. in north kivu ninety seven percent of people live without electricity coal is their only source of energy. in goma the capital of
north kivu the streets are black with search. this huge cold is run by cecile come . a lot of. question mark carlo because there's no electricity here in goma you have only one option. in goma and in the rest of congo. and a bunch of who leave all everywhere heat and coke was much. bigger meanwhile you're frying meat or cooking beings a call on you need. coal is the only fuel source in our everyday lives rich or poor we all depend on luck our. world myself also has more than a million inhabitants who get through one hundred fifty to two hundred truckloads of mccalla every day. there are between a hundred and forty and two hundred bags on each truck.
that's thousands of felled trees every day none of them from there in the park supposedly to one of them and garner from the national park is very rare in the past f.t.l. our militia soldiers supplied us with charcoal from virunga park. but if we get caught selling them a collar today we go to jail for years. but the fact is the illegal charcoal trade is impossible to control and it's destroying the park. if it goes unchecked there will be no forests left in the eastern congo in less than ten years. that's why part direct him a new way to move towards top priority is to develop alternative energy sources. he wants to use the large rivers in the room to supply the province of north kivu with
electricity. a first hydroelectric power plant was completed last year in the table . that's a bit of a credit to my temper is just the beginning so far the power plant has been producing thirteen megawatts but with a bit of luck we'll reach one hundred megawatts in five years five hundred megawatts is twice rwanda's total energy production and twenty five times the amount of electricity currently supplying the city of goma so that's why i don't think you get the point could make an enormous contribution to the energy supply and the problems. that for me to have been expensive to. have to tell the very natural of it by building a new energy economy that doesn't depend on the need to exploitation of natural resources we're cutting off the source of money on groups that we don't have and secondly we offer alternative employment to the young men who would otherwise join these groups see no profit on it dominate. an ambitious project for
a region like north kivu. the park is pushing the twenty million dollar cost with money donated from foundations in many way to macleod believes it's with us and argues that in the long term alternative energy will create up to one hundred thousand jobs. he wants to prove to the locals that protecting nature is more profitable than destroying it. more and more households throughout north kivu are now connected to the table power plant. but where they get their energy from is not necessarily the population's first concern farmers are desperately looking for new arab land food has priority. conflicts on the edges of the conservation zone a multiplier to the rumor has already lost tens of thousands of hectares of land
here in ritchie route farmers are challenging the current boundaries of the park. the we are a thousand metres away from the very long a national park. in other words the border of the park supposedly runs a thousand meters from the flood but it's moved five hundred metres closer. and now the locals in the park and ministration are arguing about it still. a loss for the . beautiful animals and we want them to be protected the environment must also be protected but not at the expense of the people who live here it's a good. thing
the national park conflict with. emmanuel demo is trying to negotiate with the people he's rangers have to protect the park but they must also understand that we . are not. leaving some animals come out of the forest and destroy our fields so what about our interests. without. harvest if only there were at least development projects here if only areas were cleared for roads and fields and schools built for our children. or. for the locals the national park means less income a congolese family can make one thousand dollars a year with one hectare of arable land there one million hectares of protected learned in there was. the park administration is aware of the problem.
don't get to be many to be pretty easy to go for us to continue having these to relisten elephants the local population loses out on more than a billion dollars a year. that's a high price and it's not fair. it's a city nation's cities and what we have to find a solution at the park is the supply. that's true because in the end it's up to the locals and their point of view is understandable point. out that the families have to make a living somehow here and they need a future. so we want the park to continue we need an alternative that generates at least a billion dollars a year. and we can't do that alone. it took so long before you needed to sell. the park director has formed partnerships with public and private donors and investors the e.u. has awarded the room to park fifteen million euros. and not scale project called
eco mccullough has also been launched to cultivate sustainable resources here on the edges of the protected area. fast growing eucalyptus trees have been planted on eleven thousand hectares of land in a project designed to conserve. the forests in the reserve and also to help the locals. the premier is the project has two aspects first it converts the poverty of the local population to newly planted trees provide small farmers with an income but the bizarre bit of plant they lead busy. secondly the eco mccollough projects reforestation effort protects the people here from the threat of armed groups lurking in the jungle. to make you saw it here but.
on an even money. it's much better to work on this plantation next to dangerous in the park how does that one and a good many women and young girls have to go there every day on the summer raid others even killed now and you know i know why our i've been spared that fate a man i mean i'm lucky enough to manage this little piece of foreign said to me when the new cup. not cuts would make my karma and i can feed my family you know. bussy what would act. those who do not have their own plot of land continue to collect wood on the edge of the park. almost four million people live less than
a day's walk from the room and they all help themselves a small bundle of brushwood provides what they need for daily survival. i thought i meant that. i know it's forbidden to cut wood near the park but what should i do. either that or i can't give my children anything to eat today. the brush will be five hundred congolese francs and i buy sweet potatoes with it it's not much but everything else is too expensive for us. one. thing in income this way puts the women in great danger thousands of men roam the reserve and here at the edge of the forest women are easy prey. you know if you know that my world that. we come here with fear in our hearts. and we work fast so
we won't be raped. when they catch you. until my life is broken. he can't tell anyone you must live alone with your suffering. daily life is fraught with risk here in the room. to locals the national park is both a vital resource and a looming threat. to. environmental conservation is a constant challenge in the democratic republic of congo. the park rangers face a moral dilemma should they protect people. or nature. to my sister if you don't go on the slopes of the wrong as volcanoes including in
rwanda and uganda there are only eight hundred eighty mountain gorillas left and they need protection you just a couple of days you see they are threatened with extinction just eight hundred eighty mountain gorillas on our huge continent and only three countries congo uganda and rwanda to cinema on a week down for being studied nicol. a little under. grab a certain demographic population growth is threatening the grill its natural habitat
. in skill level to lessen people here need fertile farmland and the park is the only place where they can find it like a park. in fact that's why they destroy the gorillas habitat they need fertile farmland. in the fifty's. the silver back has become a symbol of the very unconventional parts struggle for survival. but the fight also takes a heavy toll on the families of the one hundred fifty ranges killed in action. just so these tragedies are often eclipsed by the plight of the gorillas. are funny q my husband died in one thousand nine hundred ninety two and i he was killed in the
park working to protect the gorillas i knew while my husband died on january twenty second twenty sixteen. he was on duty and kabaddi hunting poachers. i did my husband was killed on patrol in for i'm going to park. to help the widows of the rangers who lost their lives the park set up a sewing business last september the women make seventy s. were tourists. come up to. the park built this little workshop for us because our men were killed in a service as i think he. him anywhere to move out and his coworkers collect donations abroad in order to pay
these families thirty dollars a month. so. each of these stars stands for a ranger who was killed you know every day every star belongs to a ranger who died for the park. but i think after my husband died i was completely destitute so the park or sora trees offered me help. now the park provides a livelihood for me and my family. my children can even go to the park so no school for you charge. it's the passage complexity we must accept that we are first and foremost at the
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