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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  April 21, 2019 10:30pm-11:00pm CEST

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earth. worth saving googling to yes tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world ideas to protect the climate and boost green energy solutions for global warming two years beyond series of global three thousand on d w and online. in. the last gorillas of the room africa's oldest national park because of its immense riches it's also the most endangered. in april twenty twelve wolf once again flared up in north kivu in the eastern democratic republic of congo a rebel group the m twenty three took control of the region including giving up part in. yet another episode in
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what's often been called the forgotten war in the country. it has claimed six million lives in twenty years. suddenly we heard shots that i was really ran away and the villages being shot. at that they killed my husband and my parents in law no amount of the treasures of the congo are occur. by years going out. at the heart of this seemingly endless war other regions extensive resources its forests lakes and soils are systematically plundered to finance the slaughter. will do for long where mining town here is that dangerous. yes we could target.
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and if we survive this deal the minerals from. what should be a blessing is a curse here in the virunga region its vast mineral wealth has plunged the population into extreme poverty. is if he gets to be in the civil war is driven by economic or insists. it's closely intertwined with the illegal exploitation of natural resources. and the world's poorest have to pay the price but this environmental destruction. in the us is the director of the national park he and his ranges want to break the vicious cycle of over exploitation and war. in the forests. on mountain iraq angle they risk their lives to restore the last bond between humans and nature.
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is a jewel of nature it was founded in one nine hundred twenty five with the aim of protecting the mountain gorilla population but was and insurgencies are destroying the region's ecosystem. zero six by. the dozens of groups who roam the park pose a permanent danger says a man who would. in the southern sector in the forest areas near the city of goma over a million people eat firewood. controlled timber production which is now. done on
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an almost industrial scale. it's mainly the f.d.a. the democratic forces for the liberation of rwanda they're considered the perpetrators of the genocide. and then there are the regional my my militia groups north of here they are the main course behind illegal fishing they make a fortune with it. there is also the a.t.f. nod to the ugandan repr group that has murdered over one thousand civilians in the last year and a half hours. from here in the middle of the danger zone so to speak in the last year they have been countless attacks we've lost five rangers here. who is home to the headquarters of the punk southern sector which is where the guerrillas live. every time the rangers go on some patrol they risk confrontations
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with militias the six hundred ranges defend eight thousand square kilometers of forest three hundred kilometers from north to south an area about the size of the. fighting on two fronts not only do they have to drive the troops out of the park they also have to keep the local population out. our mission is to protect the system. we have chosen this work and we're ready to give our lives to save the mountain gorillas from extinction. many of our colleagues have died doing their jobs i tell my men to be proud of their work as rangers of their own good national park. that there if you think of that thought that if it.
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were. a could into united nations estimates the ring a national park rangers are up against five to eight thousand heavily armed militia men an army of different rebel groups all with the same goal the illegal extraction over all materials. the ranges of the last line of defense protecting nature and often deadly position. when the civil war was raging here there were dangers looking everywhere for the rangers. about one hundred forty of our men lost their lives protecting the ecosystem. system. in fact in twenty years of civil war a total of one hundred and fifty rangers have been killed the highest bloodshed
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ever to occur in protecting in the nature is a the militias in the area where the guerrillas live mainly control the illegal timber trade and poaching. in light of the ten security situation in the new end of made a radical decision he has his ranges undergo combat training. so i guess well that's grown much not bold to say six you know ok. here in the room nature conservation is more like a military operation. the rangers are trained by former belgian and french elite soltis. twenty six year old apart there are problems and also at the moment the central
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sector is most affected. these are the militias facilities the heavily armored. humvee an army. here the recruiting new soldiers. the park's technology has been upgraded so the area can be monitored more efficiently every yunis and every operation is coordinated in real time. seat illegal fishing on lake edward that generates an annual turnover of around forty two million dollars africa shadowing war legal logging in the south of the park which is destroying more and more virgin forests geddes which has an annual turnover of thirty four million dollars or. three dollars forty now so lots of money is involved to this we're talking about over one hundred million dollars a year enough to maintain these private armies he these come back to groups and militias who are responsible for the desolate situation in the eastern democratic
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republic of congo's yes non-secular has less than a. lot of i think the illegal trade in charcoal feeds the entire province of north kivu it's the feel of war. eleven million people depend on it some three hundred thousand tons are illegally produced here every year this is how the black gold is made. thank. you will first we lay a new fire to make charcoal. any longer feel good mood. enough to not even first we cover it with leaves. and then seen it tightly with mud my early so that the leaves don't catch fire. the wood should burn very slowly. if. we use it to buy salt clothes or oil we pay the school fees for the children.
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by everything with money from the charcoal the mccollum. to say. my beautiful run we bring the cold sharks to the wholesale markets and saki and go home. when i use idea of the overall. mccullough is transported to the cities by bicycle or on trucks steep population growth has led to soaring demand for charcoal. in north kivu ninety seven percent of people live without electricity coal is their only source of energy. in goma the capital of north kivu the streets are black with sirte. this huge cold is run by cecile.
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just a question mark carlo because there's no electricity here in goma you have only one option. in goma and in the rest of congo. and a bunch of cool label everywhere heat and coke with mccullough. meanwhile you're frying meat or cooking beings or corn you need. coal is the only fuel source in our everyday lives rich or poor we all depend on luck our. world my site also has more than a million inhabitants who get three hundred fifty to two hundred truckloads of mccalla every day. there are between a hundred and forty and two hundred bags on each truck. this is a bucket list and. that's thousands of felled trees every day none of
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them from the room or park supposedly to one up a bevy of color from the national park is very rare in the past f.t.l. are malicious soldiers supplied us with charcoal from virunga park. but if we get caught selling them a collar today we go to jail for years the same. but the fact is the illegal charcoal trade is impossible to control and it's destroying the park. if it goes unchecked there will be no forests left in eastern congo in less than ten years. that's why part director a man who had him over its top priority is to develop alternative energy sources. he wants to use the large rivers in the room to supply the province of north kivu with electricity. a first hydroelectric power plant was completed last year in march. that's a bit of
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a pretty my temper is just the beginning so far the power plant has been producing thirteen megawatts but with a bit of luck we'll reach one hundred megawatts in five years watts to five hundred megawatts is twice rwanda's total energy production and twenty five times the amount of electricity currently supplying the city of goma. thank you get that the park could make an enormous contribution to the energy supply in the province. after twenty three of the next to see page. to the very natural event by building a new energy economy that doesn't depend on the legal exploitation of natural resources we're cutting off the source of money on groups that it goes to and secondly we offer alternative employment to the young men who would otherwise join these groups you see no. doubt made. an ambitious project for a region like north kivu. the park is pushing the twenty million dollar cost with
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money donated from foundations. in many way to mccloud believes it's worthless and argues that in the long term alternative energy will create up to one hundred thousand jobs. he wants to prove to the locals that protecting nature is more profitable than destroying. more and more households throughout north kivu are now connected to the table power plant. but where they get their energy from is not necessarily the population's first concern farmers are desperately looking for new arab land who has priority. conflicts on the edges of the conservation zone are multiplying the room to has already lost tens of thousands of hectares of land here in ritchie route farmers are challenging the current boundaries of the park.
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the father we are a thousand metres away from the very wrong a national park. to lovely no other words the border of the park supposedly runs a thousand meters from the flood but it's moved five hundred metres closer. and now the locals in the park and ministration are arguing about it. the populace is for the. beautiful animals and we want. the environment must also be protected but not at the expense of the people who live here said. the national park conflict with the one of emanuel demo is trying to negotiate with the people he's rangers have to protect the park but they must also understand that
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we should. leave some animals come out of the forest and destroy our fields so what about our interests. without. harvest if only there were at least development projects here if only areas were cleared for roads and fields and schools built for children. or. for the locals the national park means less income a congolese family can make one thousand dollars a year with one hectare of arable land they'll one million hectares of protected land in there is a. the park administration is aware of the problem. don't get to be many t. if you've been in the city for us to continue having these gorillas in elephants the local population loses out on more than a billion dollars a year. that's
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a high price and it's not fair. it's our city nation's cities but we have to find a solution if the park is to survive. that's because in the end it's up to the locals and their point of view is understand the political point. that the families have to make a living somehow they need a future. so if we want the park to continue we need an alternative that generates at least a billion dollars a year. and we can't do that alone. it took so long before you needed to sell. the park director has formed partnerships with public and private donors and investors the e.u. has awarded the room to park fifteen million euros. a large scale project called eco mccullough has also been launched to cultivate sustainable resources here on
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the edges of the protected area. fast growing eucalyptus trees have been planted on eleven thousand hectares of land in a project designed to conserve the forests in the reserve and also to help the locals. bring here is a project has two aspects first it converts the poverty of the local population to newly planted trees provide small farmers with an income but the bizarre bit of plant the. secondly the eco mccollough projects reforestation effort protects the people here from the threat of armed groups lurking in the jungle. to make you saw it here but. all money then money and to some level it's much better to work on this plantation
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it's too dangerous in the park that does it one day and many women and young girls have to go there every day some raid others even killed now and you know i know why our i've been spared that fate a man i mean i'm lucky enough to manage this little piece of forest for me then you got banda you know my cuts would make my karma and i can feed my family you know. that's what the. those who do not have their own plot of land continue to collect wood on the edge of the park. almost four million people live less than a day's walk from the room and they all help themselves a small bundle of brushwood provides what they need for daily survival.
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at that i'm not at that level. i know it's forbidden to cut wood near the park but what should i do. either that or i can't give my children anything to eat today. the brushwood earns me five hundred congolese francs and i buy sweet potatoes with it it's not much but everything else is too expensive for us. my only. income this way puts the women in great danger thousands of armed men roam the reserve and here at the edge of the forest women are easy prey. you know if you know that my world that. we come here with fear in our hearts. and we work fast so we won't be raped. when they catch you rape you until my life is
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broken. he can't tell anyone you must live alone with your suffering. daily life is fraught with risk here in the room. to locals the national park is both a vital resource and a looming threat. to. environmental conservation is a constant challenge in the democratic republic of congo. the park rangers face a moral dilemma should they protect people. or nature. to my sister if you don't go on the slopes of the wrongs volcanoes including in rwanda and uganda there are only eight hundred eighty mountain gorillas left and they need protection you guessed it
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a politician says they are threatened with extinction just eight hundred eighty mountain gorillas on our huge continent and only three countries congo uganda and rwanda to sit in on a week down for peace studied little or no gun. a little under. that based on democracy population growth is threatening the grill is natural habitat. in. the knesset people here need fertile farmland and
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the park is the only place where they can find it get it back. in fact that's why they destroy the gorillas habitat they need fertile farmland. in fifteen. to silverback has become a symbol of the very room going to asheville parks struggle for survival. but the face also takes a heavy toll on the families of the one hundred fifty ranges killed in action just see these tragedies are often eclipsed by the plight of the gorillas. i'm funny if you will my husband died in one thousand nine hundred ninety two. he was killed in the park working to protect the gorillas i knew before my husband died on
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january twenty second twenty sixteen. he was on duty in kabaddi hunting poachers. i do fear my husband was killed on patrol in for i'm going to park. to help the widows of the rangers who lost their lives the park set up a sewing business last september the women make sudanese for tourists. that come up to watch bar walk in the us the park built this little workshop for us because our men were killed in that service and i think the. a man who had to move out and his coworkers collected nations abroad in order to pay these families thirty dollars a month. so. each
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of these stars stands for a ranger who was killed you know every day every star lost to a ranger who died for the park. but i think if i lost my husband died i was completely just. so the park or solitaries offered me help. but now the park provides a livelihood for me and my family. my children can even go to the park so no school for you to charge what i'm up. to. that passage complexity we must accept that we are first and foremost at the service of the people who live in the surrounding area people that we don't succeed
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in sharing the resources of the park with them we have failed in our work and we have failed in our mission and i don't feel.
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anything else. is that possible scientists are going into the sea researching the future of agriculture strips of wild flowers which could replace pesticide use food plants for. the fertilizers can a balance between high biodiversity be found tomorrow today thirty minutes.
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how about taking a few risks you could even take a chance on what. don't expect a happy ending. the church must join us. the old order is history the world is reorganizing itself and the media's role is keep shifting colors the topic in focus at the global media forum twenty nineteen the laboratory for the digital age. who are we following whom do we trust debate and shape the future at the georgia global media forum twenty nine t. the place made for minds. and
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here were the principle chain reaction of breasts the flame. play began around six hundred years ago. in the renaissance the revolution in fawcett enabled this mentions that people became aware of their abilities and strengths in a new way there was an outpouring of self-confidence. architects . scientists. and artists. are going to be invented completely new things and top of the ancient giants who had originally been a teacher who seem to be a. true culture of out of the darkest milliliters into a new place. play. starts people to sit on t.w.
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. player. play. play play. play this is live from berlin grief. and outrage follow a wave of bombings in sri lanka on easter sunday seven blasts drift through luxury hotels churches and they took an eight explosion came during a police raid the death toll now stands at two hundred and seven hundred injured officials are blaming religious extremists have made several arrests.

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