tv Eco India Deutsche Welle April 22, 2019 4:02am-4:31am CEST
hello welcome to eco india a sustainability magazine that zooms out of the problems plaguing our and bob and today to give you a bigger fuller picture and zooms into the solutions that can help tackle them so that you can make an informed choice. coming to you from mumbai india over the next thirty minutes how an age old and vibrant cindy tradition of dying fabric is making a comeback. startup is making ethical and sustainable smart foods. and how a couple can vote in barren land into what is to be unleashed green forest. forest
a story of a vibrant. textile printing has been practiced in the western state of all for centuries now there are communities like the cut to use for whom has been a source of livelihood for generations but in recent years with the availability of cheap turn to dave's traditional printing which is environment friendly has taken a big hit but some families of the company community in the region are trying to revive their glorious tradition. of. this state of gujarat is known for being colorful that's primarily because of its traditional textile industry and the vibrant fabric imprints used to make the garments local people there.
by jonathan martin has been our tradition for generations is something i've inherited so you could see it's basically johnson my blood body. thirty eight year old shaggy emmert is the fifth generation of his family to continue the tradition he belongs to the country community known in the region for making their mark in the vax bartik printing business. for no ancestors created prints they would use foods from the tree. oil from the seeds of this roots is what they use for painting look at all same with some that are only. indigo or black from i don't rust or yellow from turmeric in mr. merrick mr yellow one they didn't have too many colors to choose from back then and
now it is hard right everything is done using paraffin wax we have been using it. because of market demand we have to work with many more colors and designs for your . bald thought every market could be. the reason for the shift from months being every bit a natural printing process to one that began using synthetic dye can be traced back to the one nine hundred sixty s. the decade of the hippie movement and with it a soaring rise in the popularity of the batek print. meeting the rising demand from overseas markets meant switching to chemical dyes a faster easier and more viable option but also six decades later a few families like are keen to divide the art in its own original form which is not only traditional but also more and more mentally friendly. body
natural law you are. going to is a much longer consistent chemical printing more to do there's more demand for natural. so many people are looking for an organic product so that's why we have started working with ties and methods again. natural. yet. another reason for artisans choosing to go on ghana is a very real and persistent problem in the state it's lack of water resources almost fifty two percent of goods are out is turning into desert the top highest rate in the country with another deficit monsoon in two thousand and eighteen meaning less rainfall than normal and local water resources rapidly shrinking parts of good rock are staring at an excuse water crisis.
while most textile craft industries rely heavily on water in bardic the dependency is critical. comey and n.-g. o. in the catch region has been working closely with the artisan community in areas like productive allotment unsustainably use office sources. water study these were not very long ago we conducted a water study where we wanted to find out how much water was being used in the textile crafts up the region we wanted to promote the whole technique of using natural diet. vegetable diet can be revived then there was. so that you can jump on enough water related news to substantiate. and that. and
also help this into an environmentally friendly craft again environment friendly side was. no longer really counted amongst the mainstream crafts of such art and its art isn't have been struggling to survive in today's modern i'm competitive market. screen and laser printing has in many cases replaced the traditional hand block style. but the use of natural dice could be the unique selling point of these artisans. over the last year to ten years there has been a change in perception from a smaller scale designers the bigger ones there seems to be a growing interest in working with natural diet. it is organizations like coming
and if you didn't mind our didn't like shaquille who are trying to ensure that this traditional craft does not die out and that more and more craftsmen join in the revival. ever since we started using natural times there has been a greener spirit for the benefits. of anything that is organic is little more expensive because it is never intensive. but i feel the future is brighter for arson or going to congress john sayles said the other natural limit you are sincerely hope to documenting grows over the next few years. or so all spread. like shaquille said but because of this. really inspired by the shift to synthetic
fabrics and chemical is very upper across india are natural on sort of the harmful effects caused by chemical dyes this explains that duffy. in twenty sixteen worldwide production of dion's reached nearly eight hundred thousand tonnes. as concerns grow over the environmentally hazardous effects of chemical dyes the demand for natural equivalents is on the rives sales of natural dyes are predicted to rise to five billion dollars a year by twenty twenty four but our natural diet is really better than synthetic ones. the debate is centered mostly around the effluence generated by both. loaded in toxic chemicals like sulfur in acetic acid and metals like arsenic all mercury effluents from the synthetic dying industry account for up to twenty percent of industrial water pollution worldwide. these
effluents make water bodies target cut off sunlight necessary for the photosynthesis of underwater plants react with chemicals like chlorine and even form carcinogens they also seeped into fields contaminating the soil one of the most famous cases of di poisoning is china's hsien river which in twenty eleven turned red as a result of several dumps of illegal dry natural dyes meanwhile are biodegradable made from plant sources like logwood turmeric and pine wood animal or insect sources like the dyes lack kermit's and lip and mineral sources like red lead used as the million laminated red earth and sink quite effluents from these are easily accepted back into the environment. however the biodegradable natural dies are not necessarily the. sustainable option because for one rule materials for natural dyes
require vast stretches of arab land second a much larger amount of natural dye is needed as compared to synthetic die to color the same amount of fabric for example while one pound of cotton may be died with just five grams of synthetic dike it would require two hundred thirty grams of natural die for the same process this means the use of larger amounts of water so what could be a solution recycling better waste management and innovation but for now it's important to curtail the use of chemicals in the dying process and for producers to take responsibility for treating affluence before they're released into the environment. harmful product and make it into something sustainable plastic for example
a recent study reveals that ninety one percent of the world's plastic is not true psycho with this in mind a social entrepreneur in india is working towards upcycling these plastic bags into fashionable and trendy accessories to minimize the flow of plastic st. this is a. tragic. death of. the women and. we decided to do something with plastic. and. using. this is because. that's the. likelihood. the last.
it is done carefully. in this remote village in the western india. after. she encountered on koreans. she recognized an opportunity to clear up cycling. the tennis trips of last they're going to spend on the machine. this one is made of bicycle paths. to fabric on how moved because of these records more than a dozen people look you. up to seven thousand rupees a month around ninety year olds. because just five to six months.
and especially. a need is. so. big because of that. three hundred kilometers. of the company's headquarters the fabric. and do accessories. there is the one thousand two hundred rupees around fifteen year old. all the bags and purses produced here. to conscious customers. the youth. so it makes sense for them to stay back. also to get out of the fight is to say the . thoughts in their mind as to how they can do something. how they can do something. the religious do for the broader gives them
a sense of purpose and pride and a reason to stay here in the ridge. now here's a question for you what could happen if your party affording a mix said trying to shut the lid and turn it on the researchers of the university of just that take a look at. if we want to analyze this fall and work out what it's made of we need to grind into a very fine powder but. just to be safe ready to go. researchers at the university of plymouth in britain have opted for the shredder method to unlock the phone secrets. the manufacturers don't reveal the exact composition of their products it turns out the main components are iron silicon chromium and copper but what's more significant are the elements that are only present in very small amounts. the powder from the blender is first burned and then analyzed in
a mass spectrometer to reveal the so-called conflict elements mining these elements including tungsten tin cobalt gold and tantalum is in some cases leading to increased conflicts human rights violations and damage to the environment the amounts here are small but this is just one phone keep in mind that one point four billion new cell phones are manufactured every year. now that you know what your cellular phone is made up of you might be interested in there the metals are coming from that start up is staking the lead by trying to produce an ethical form and setting standards to trace the source of the metals and ensure better working conditions fearful is also want to learn device in which every element of the form comes apart and can be independently just. a new mobile phone every year that's normal for many of us. half of all the people in india
already have smartphones and demand is rising worldwide more than a billion new smartphones go on sale annually and the old once they get thrown away fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikhail banisters one of the company's founders he originally studied industrial design. designers where in a way part of the problem of. very light very fast cycles so i started studying the strategy behind the production of. products in general and her phone was a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company is modular smartphone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as improved cameras can be installed. the phone is main idea was to produce the phones fairly
that means with fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine this role for the sea here in measure funds. and that's made time stem from here. the mine is close to the border with the democratic republic of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again cells of tungsten from these mines plummeted. in connection again. so that means the mining sells the traders the smelter of which is in austria but also. to all together and working. from them off from that specific mine so we were able to we
were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can develop further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than forty different metals so far fair fun is only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for five of them that if it comes at a price a fair phone costs around six hundred euro's sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream. until then huge numbers of phones will continue to land in the garbage in many countries such as here in ghana he waste is often incinerated or taken apart without safety precautions since its founding five years ago fifteen has supported a project in ghana devoted to recycling and used phones safely. what is important
is that those materials get recycled now we increase the amount of material in the world so that they use three doesn't matter where the industry has. the ability of these materials. if you want the cheaper price if possible minds. that are still regularly visits the company's partner in ghana. the workers from the local organization collect use mobile phones and store them in containers. we need to go as soon as one is full it is shipped to belgium where the devices are taken apart by experts and the individual materials are recycled or young or is there phone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture under fair conditions. with around one hundred sixty thousand customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. primary challenges we
have tried to make mr allen is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not less so we have a different approach through to sustainability if you want to. see sustainability as a risk you see there's an opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver but it is helping to make the difficulties associated with fair production play for all to see. abandoned rice fields coffee fields and god the mom is not an environmentally conscious couple found in one thousand nine hundred one in the western cuts the region was rich in biodiversity but was neglected dr milo trying his wife pamela have now transformed the species into the country's most private sector the. new samba did cautiously growing from
a watering hole something that used to be unthinkable in broad daylight while life would never come out during the day time they were too afraid because the. hunting and poaching were pretty rampant when we came here. today more than two hundred endangered species live year and the one point two square meter house is thank you in southwestern india. it is the lifeblood of pamelor and. about twenty five years ago they began to buy land piece by piece with their own money. what was here in ninety five were basically plantation lands or abandoned rice fields many areas were relatively barren of any type of tree cover because of having had coffee growing on
them. today what is here now all of those lands have basically recovered. degraded india's private protected area and reforested on a large scale. this is also what we have planted along with thousands of saplings and different going to. mean to do trees who does a real. we have had a number of scientific studies done within the same three grounds and some of them that had to do with the carbon sequestration rate of native trees versus exotic says and native trees soak up much more carbon dioxide than the exotic stew so this helps to medicate or cushion the effects of climate trained. the man who has a lead in the forest growth dead trees also in which to sort with nutrients some
centuries or rainfall is joins on their pride enjoyed. this is one of our old grandmother trees. it's a type of banyan and he's about four hundred years old. the main pin this century has changed and this is fresh water source it's we don't these forests you will not have streams and rivers originate the mill who is just not to have children so that they could create something that would benefit and by planted. know and love every inch of the desert this is one of our natural meadow areas it is a meadow because this is ground underneath so very few trees can get their roots down below the grand to grow but it's
a great button and so of grasses and eating for any of your grass eaters your various deer your elephant anything that eats grasses loves these meadows. jem'hadar crops revealed the very idea of sharia why life here. like i live and so on the mood. it's a bit of god. or a bag of do or red dog. even the lead good lives he. feels he was easier to get than see them on a huge ship srijit show you know how machete ship shamash. ship from a british ship will show that she should
shut that he just shot of. the mill who throws a fighting to group quarters it's another fox up and he has read their own companies and business people to follow their lead by a plan and done it back and wilderness. dr and mrs marlow thrust her attorney embody the spirit of. required to work towards a future the rest of the stories to give you something to think about if you have more ideas for stories reach for the right. we'll be back next week until then the back.
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