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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  April 22, 2019 12:30pm-1:01pm CEST

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south so they can plant crops and find food. floods and droughts food climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can write any kind of peace not if you want to and probably more third world countries. like canada exodus starts it for thirty years on t w. the last gorillas of the room africa's oldest national park because of its immense riches it's also the most endangered. in april twenty twelve wolf once again flared up in north kivu in the eastern democratic republic of congo a rebel group the m twenty three took control of the region including delivering a park in. yet another episode
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in what's often been called the forgotten war in the country. it is claimed six million lives in twenty years. the minute that mean suddenly we heard shots. really ran away and the villagers being shot. they killed my husband and my parents in law. out of the treasures of the congo are occurring. at the heart of the seemingly endless war other regions extensive resources its forests lakes and soils are systematically plundered to finance the slaughter. who for now we're mining coal down here is that dangerous. yes we could die here.
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and if we survive this deal the minerals from. what should be a blessing is a curse here in the virunga region its vast mineral wealth has plunged the population into extreme poverty. is if he gets to be in the civil war is driven by economic reasons. it's closely intertwined with the illegal exploitation of natural resources. and the world's poorest have to pay the price but this environmental destruction just. in the is the director of the national park he and his ranges want to break the vicious cycle of over exploitation and war. in the forests. on mountain iraq they risk their lives to restore the last bond between humans and nature.
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is a jewel of nature it was founded in one nine hundred twenty five with the aim of protecting the mountain gorilla population but wars and insurgencies are destroying the region's ecosystem. by. zero six by. the dozens of groups who roam the park pose a permanent danger says a man who admitted. in the southern sector in the forest areas near the city of goma over a million people eat firewood. it's controlled timber production which is now done . on an almost industrial scale. it's mainly the f.d.a.
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the democratic forces for the liberation of rwanda they're considered the perpetrators of the genocide. then there are the regional my my militia groups north of here they are the main course behind illegal fishing they make a fortune with it. there is also the a.d.f. now do a ugandan rep agreed that is murdered over one thousand civilians in the last year and a half. here in the middle of the danger zone so to speak in the last year they have been countless attacks we've lost five rangers here. who is home to the headquarters of the park southern sector which is where the guerrillas live. every time the rangers go on some patrol they risk confrontations
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with militias of the six hundred ranges depend eight thousand square kilometers of forest three hundred kilometers from north to south an area about the size of the. fighting on two fronts not only do they have to drive the troops out of the park they also have to keep the local population out. our mission is to protect the system. we have chosen this work and we're ready to give our lives to save the mountain gorillas from extinction. many of our colleagues have died doing their jobs i tell my men to be proud of their work as rangers of our own good national park. that there if you think of the thought that if.
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we're. according to united nations estimates the virunga national park ranges are up against five to eight thousand heavily armed militia men and army of different rebel groups all with the same goal the illegal extraction over all materials. the ranges of the long line of defense protecting nature and often deadly position. when the civil war was raging here there were dangers looking everywhere for the rangers. about one hundred forty of our men lost their lives protecting the ecosystem. system. in fact in twenty years of civil war a total of one hundred and fifty rangers have been killed the highest bloodshed
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ever to occur in protecting in the nature is a the militias in the area where the guerrillas live mainly control the illegal timber trade and poaching. in light of the ten security situation in the new endemic lot made a radical decision he has his ranges undergo combat training. we're told are just well this girl not just told to sit back secure oh ok. here in the room nature conservation is more like a military operation. the rangers are trained by former belgian and french elite soltis. there are problems. but at the moment the central sector is most affected. these
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are the militias facility the heavily armored. humvee an army. here they're recruiting new soldiers on. the park's technology has been upgraded so the area can be monitored more efficiently every yunis and every operation is coordinated in real time. receipt illegal fishing on lake edward that generates an annual turnover of around forty two million dollars africa shadowing was illegal logging in the south of the park which is destroying more and more virgin forests which has an annual turnover of thirty four million dollars. dollars forty now so lots of money is involved we're talking about over one hundred million dollars a year and enough to maintain these private armies these come back to groups and militias who are responsible for the desolate situation in the eastern democratic
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republic of congo just on second i know has less than a. lot of. the illegal trade in charcoal feeds the entire province of north kivu it's the feel of war eleven million people depend on it some three hundred thousand tons are illegally produced here every year this is how the black gold is made. we will get we lay a new fire to make charcoal. to be longer on the move. to not have to not even first we cover it with leaves. and then seam it tightly with mud should be merrily so that the leaves don't catch fire. the wood should burn very slowly. well. we use it to buy salt clothes or oil we pay the school fees for
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the children. everything with money from the charcoal the mccollum. to say. my beautiful run we bring the cold sharks to the wholesale markets and saki and go home. you know you failed your job or. mccullough is transported to the cities by bicycle or on trucks steep population growth has led to soaring demand for charcoal. in north kivu ninety seven percent of people live without electricity coal is their only source of energy. in goma the capital of north kivu the streets are black with sirte. this huge cold is run by cecile couple who are. like i'm allowed to. stand my color because there's no
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electricity here in goma you have only one option. in goma and in the rest of congo. and of bashar who leave all everywhere heat and coke wisma carla . i began my mother your frying meat or cooking be a cone you need. help but coal is the only fuel source in our everyday lives ritual poor we all depend on luck our. female girl my site also has more than a million inhabitants who get three hundred fifty to two hundred truckloads of mccalla every day. there are between a hundred forty and two hundred bags on each truck comes out stuck in the back of this is the back of this and. that's thousands of the. trees every day
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none of them from there in the park supposedly. cut off from the national park is very rare in the past f.t.l. a militia so just supplied us with charcoal from virunga park. but if we get caught selling them accounted today we go to jail for years. but the fact is the illegal charcoal trade is impossible to control and it's destroying the park. if it goes unchecked there will be no forests left in the eastern congo in less than ten years. that's why part director a man who had a top priority is to develop alternative energy sources. he wants to use the large rivers in the room to supply the province of north kivu with electricity a first hydroelectric power plant was completed last year in. much of
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it never was on pretty much as just the beginning so far the power plant has been producing thirteen megawatts but with a bit of luck we'll reach one hundred megawatts in five years that was five hundred megawatts is twice as total energy production and twenty five times the amount of electricity currently supplying the city of goma. thank you and that the park could make an enormous contribution to the energy supply in the province. and for me to have electricity. to pay are not very natural given by building a new energy economy that doesn't depend on the legal exploitation of natural resources we're cutting off the source of money on groups that don't have and secondly we offer alternative employment to the young men who would otherwise join these groups i've seen no profit on it that made. an ambitious project for a region like north kivu the park is footing the twenty million dollar cost with
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money donated from foundations emmanuel adebayor believes it's worth it and argues that in the long term alternative energy will create up to one hundred thousand jobs he wants to prove to the locals that protecting nature is more profitable than destroying it. more and more households throughout north kivu are now connected to the rent a power plant. but where they get their energy from is not necessarily the population's first concern families are desperately looking for new arab land who has priority. conflicts on the edges of the conservation zone almost supplying the room to has already lost tens of thousands of hectares of land here in rich farmers are challenging the current boundaries of the park.
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follicular strategy we are a thousand metres away from the very wrong a national park. in other words the border of the park supposedly runs a thousand meters from the flood but it's moved five hundred metres closer. and now the locals in the park and ministration are arguing about it soon. a loss for the. beautiful. animals and we want them to be protected the environment must also be protected but not at the expense of the people who live here it's. the national park conflict with our interests the one of emmanuel demo is trying to negotiate with the people he's rangers have to protect the park but they must also
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understand that we are all black and. some animals come out of the forest and destroy our fields so what about our interests match up with. the animals with our harvest if only there were at least development projects here if only areas were cleared for roads and fields and schools built for our children. for the locals the national park means less income a congolese family can make one thousand dollars a year with one hectare of arable land there one million hectares of protected land in the reserve. the park administration is aware of the problem. don't get to be many to be pretty easy to go for us to continue having these the relisten elephants the local population loses out on more than a billion dollars
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a year. that's a high price and it's not fair. it's our city nation states but we have to find a solution of the park is to survive. that's true because in the end it's up to the locals and their point of view is understandable point. out that the families have to make a living somehow and they need a future. we want the park to continue we need an alternative that generates at least a billion dollars a year. and we can't do that alone. before you get to such. the park director has formed partnerships with public and private donors and investors the e.u. has awarded the ruger park fifteen million euros. and not scale project called eco mccullough has also been launched to cultivate sustainable resources here on the
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edges of the protected area. fast growing eucalyptus trees have been planted on eleven thousand hectares of land in a project designed to conserve the forests in the reserve and also to help the locals. the premier is does say the project has two aspects first it converts the poverty of the local population to newly planted trees. small farmers with an income but the bizarre bit of plant the. secondly the eco mccollough project three four station effort protects the people here from the threat of armed groups lurking in the jungle. to make you saw they're here to park. on an even money you need to survival it's much better to work on this plantation
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it's too dangerous in the park that does that one and a good many women and young girls have to go there every day some raid others even killed now and you know i know why our i've been spared that fate a man i mean i'm lucky enough to manage this little piece of forrester to be made by me the new cop manda you not cuts would make my karma and i can feed my family you know him by. bus if i thought the remark would act. those who do not have their own plot of land continue to collect wood on the edge of the park. almost four million people live less than a day's walk from the room and they all help themselves a small bundle of brushwood provides what they need for daily survival.
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at that after that yeah. i know it's forbidden to cut wood near the park but what should i do. either that or i can't give my children anything to eat today. the brush will be five hundred congolese francs and i buy sweet potatoes with it it's not much but everything else is too expensive for us. one man with. an income this way puts the women in great danger thousands of men roam the reserve and here at the edge of the forest women are easy prey. you know if you know a good novel that. we come here with fear in our hearts. and we work fast so we won't be raped. when they catch you rape you until my life is broken.
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he can't tell anyone you must live alone with your suffering. daily life is fraught with risk here in the ring. to locals the national park is both a vital resource and a looming threat. to environmental conservation is a constant challenge in the democratic republic of congo. the park rangers face a moral dilemma should they protect people. or nature. to my safety if you don't go on the slopes of the wrong as volcanoes including in rwanda and uganda there are only eight hundred eighty mountain gorillas left and they need protection you guessed it
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a politician says you are threatened with extinction just eight hundred eighty mountain gorillas on our huge continent and only three countries congo uganda and rwanda cinemark on our feet down for the studied nickel. a little under. based on democracy population growth is threatening the grill its natural habitat. in skill level just people here in need fertile farmland and the park is the only
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place where they can find it like the park. and fact that's why they destroy the gorillas habitat they need fertile farmland. in fifty and. the silverback has become a symbol of the varying in the chanel parks struggle for survival. but the fight also takes a heavy toll on the families of the one hundred fifty ranges killed in action just so these tragedies are often eclipsed by the plight of the gorillas. unfunny q my husband died in one thousand nine hundred ninety two and i he was killed in the park working to protect the gorillas. while my husband died on
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january twenty second twenty sixteen. he was on duty and could body hunting poachers. i did hear my husband was killed on patrol in for i'm going to park. to help the widows of the rangers who lost their lives the park set up a sewing business last september the women make seventy is what tourists. come up to. the park built this little workshop for us because our men were killed in it service. i think. if. him anywhere to move out and his coworkers collect donations abroad in order to pay these families thirty dollars a month. each
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of these stars stands for a ranger who was killed you know every day every star belongs to a ranger who died for the park. but after my husband died i was completely destitute so the park or solitaries offered me help. but now the park provides a livelihood for me and my family. my children can even go to the park so no school for charge. it's the passage complexity we must accept that we are first and foremost that the service of the people who live in the surrounding area people that we don't succeed in sharing the resources of the park with them we have failed in our work and we
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have failed in our mission and i don't feel. the the.
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climate change. the beliefs. environmental pressure. biodiversity species conservation exploitation the quality. displace mum the global local actually. global three thousand and thirty minutes on w. . they came to a wasteland and turned it into
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a package. a conversion of a lot of our land into india's only privately owned wildlife sanctuary. today it provides a safe haven for a number of threatened plants and. ninety minutes on w. . plan b. are fighters want to start families to become farmers or engineers every one of them has a plan of you know who are your children learning is just down the children who have already been there all day and as you and those that will follow are part of a new process. they could be the future of.
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granting opportunities global news that matters d. w. made from minds. the only border is history the world is reorganizing itself and the media's role in this keep shifting powers the topic in focus at the global media forum twenty nineteen and call it a laboratory for the digital age. who are we following whom do we trust debate and shape the future at the georgia village global media forum twenty nine t. the place may for minds. play
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. play. this is due to every news coming to you live from ghana and she lands us government admits there was a tip off ahead of sunday's devastating attacks suicide bombers targeted churches and luxury hotels killing at least two hundred and nine hundred people now it seems the police received information in advance but it was not passed on to the prime minister we have the latest in live from colombo also coming up from time to get serious in ukraine comedian volume is that.

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